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Clinical hypnotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744772/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-psychological-treatments-for-ibs-in-gastroenterology-settings-promising-but-in-need-of-further-study
#1
REVIEW
Elyse R Thakur, Jordan Shapiro, Johanna Chan, Mark A Lumley, Jeffrey A Cully, Andrea Bradford, Hashem B El-Serag
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments are efficacious for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in clinical trials; however, their effectiveness when conducted in gastroenterology practice settings is unclear. AIM: To perform a systematic review of the types and effects of psychological treatments for IBS conducted in gastroenterology clinics. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane central register. Studies conducted in gastroenterology clinic settings with IBS patients who were clinically referred from gastroenterology were included...
May 10, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593207/chasing-the-chameleon-psychogenic-paraparesis-responding-to-non-invasive-brain-stimulation
#2
Simona Portaro, Demetrio Milardi, Antonino Naro, Antonio Chillura, Francesco Corallo, Angelo Quartarone, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Neurologic symptoms that develop unconsciously and are incompatible with known pathophysiologic mechanisms or anatomic pathways belong to Conversion Disorder (CD). CD diagnosis is based on the clinical history and the exclusion of physical disorders causing significant distress or social and occupational impairment. In a subgroup of CD, called functional weakness (FW), symptoms affecting limbs may be persistent, thus causing a permanent or transient loss of limb function. Physiotherapy, pharmacotherapy, hypnotherapy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have been proposed as treatment strategies for FW-CD...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485373/two-are-better-than-one-dual-track-interventions-in-hypnotherapy
#3
Shaul Navon
The current article provides clinical conceptualizations of six dual-track interventions for dealing with stuck and resistant situations in hypnotherapy. Dual-track interventions are based on the assumption that patients habitually regard their problems as one-dimensional and thus, tend to become rigid in their attitudes toward these problems. Dual-track interventions constitute hypnotherapeutic processes for transforming patients' negative and rigid perceptions of their problems into more positive and functional mental states that provide a dual-dimensional view, thereby offering patients more options and freeing them to contend with their problems more effectively...
April 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470291/recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-children-summary-evidence-from-3-systematic-reviews-of-treatment-effectiveness
#4
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Rebecca S Whear, Jo Thompson Coon, Stuart Logan
OBJECTIVES: Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in eleven databases and 2 trials registries from inception to June 2016. An update search was run in November 2017. All screening was performed by 2 independent reviewers. Included studies were appraised using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the evidence assessed using GRADE...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410117/best-practice-update-incorporating-psychogastroenterology-into-management-of-digestive-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Laurie Keefer, Olafur S Palsson, John E Pandolfino
Chronic digestive diseases, including irritable bowel syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and inflammatory bowel diseases, cannot be disentangled from their psychological context-the substantial burden of these diseases is co-determined by symptom and disease severity and the ability of patients to cope with their symptoms without significant interruption to daily life. The growing field of psychogastroenterology focuses on the application of scientifically based psychological principles and techniques to the alleviation of digestive symptoms...
April 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406791/functional-abdominal-pain-disorders-in-children
#6
Shaman Rajindrajith, Judith Zeevenhooven, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Bonaventure Jayasiri Crispus Perera, Marc A Benninga
Chronic abdominal pain is a common problem in pediatric practice. The majority of cases fulfill the Rome IV criteria for functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). At times, these disorders may lead to rather serious repercussions. Area covered: We have attempted to cover current knowledge on epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors related to pathophysiology, clinical evaluation and management of children with FAPDs. Expert commentary: FAPDs are a worldwide problem with a pooled prevalence of 13.5%. There are a number of predisposing factors and pathophysiological mechanisms including stressful events, child maltreatment, visceral hypersensitivity, altered gastrointestinal motility and change in intestinal microbiota...
April 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386449/-ego-state-therapy-psychotherapy-for-multiple-personality-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Toshiro Sugiyama
The author describes ego-state therapy. This psychotherapy is used for treating multiple personality disorders. The author mentions the theoretical background of this method, and practical points. Initially, ego-state therapy was developed as a type of hypnotherapy, but it evolved as a safe therapeutic method in combination with trauma processing therapies. The author presents a case study, and discusses the clinical significance of this treatment.
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332637/pilot-rct-of-an-integrative-group-therapy-for-patients-with-refractory-irritable-bowel-syndrome-isrctn02977330
#8
S Berens, E Stroe-Kunold, F Kraus, J Tesarz, A Gauss, B Niesler, W Herzog, R Schaefert
OBJECTIVE: Different forms of psychotherapeutic treatments have been proven effective in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but disorder-oriented and integrative concepts are still rare. Therefore, we implemented and evaluated an integrative group therapeutic concept within an interdisciplinary tertiary care clinic for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). AIMS: present our integrative group concept, assess feasibility issues, and evaluate efficacy. METHODS: A pilot-RCT with a randomized controlled wait-listed group design was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320670/diagnosing-copd-and-supporting-smoking-cessation-in-general-practice-evidence-practice-gaps
#9
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas A Zwar, Grant M Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
OBJECTIVES: To review the accuracy of diagnoses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care in Australia, and to describe smokers' experiences with and preferences for smoking cessation. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients were invited to participate if they were at least 40 years old and had visited participating general practice clinics in Melbourne at least twice during the previous 12 months, reported being current or ex-smokers with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years, or were being managed for COPD...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307205/cognitive-hypnotherapy-for-psychological-management-of-depression-in-palliative-care
#10
Assen Alladin
The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in palliative care is well documented, yet they often remain undetected and untreated, adding further to the burden of suffering on patients who are already facing severe physical and psychosocial problems. This article will focus on depression as it represents one of the most common psychiatric disorders treated by psychiatrists and psychotherapists in palliative care. Although depression in palliative care can be treated successfully with antidepressant medication and psychotherapy, a significant number of depressives do not respond to either medication or existing psychotherapies...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196478/efficacy-of-hypnotherapy-compared-to-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-mild-to-moderate-depression-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-rater-blind-trial-wiki-d
#11
Kristina Fuhr, Cornelie Schweizer, Christoph Meisner, Anil Batra
INTRODUCTION: Despite a substantial number of studies providing evidence for the efficacy of psychological treatment for mild-to-moderate depression, maximally only 50% of participants respond to treatment, even when using gold-standard treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy. New approaches such as the 'third wave' psychotherapies have provided promising results; however, studies concerning the comparison with evidence-based treatments are lacking...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023318/comparison-of-gut-directed-hypnotherapy-and-unspecific-hypnotherapy-as-self-help-format-in-children-and-adolescents-with-functional-abdominal-pain-or-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-randomized-pilot-study
#12
Marco D Gulewitsch, Angelika A Schlarb
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial treatments for chronic abdominal pain in childhood or adolescence are effective, but time consuming and hardly available. In the present study, gut-directed hypnotherapy (GDHT) and unspecific hypnotherapy (UHT) were compared to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a hypnotherapeutic self-help intervention. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Children/adolescents between 6 and 17 years of age with chronic abdominal pain were randomized to GDHT or UHT...
December 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987037/hypnosis-and-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-visual-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#13
Giancarlo Russo, Alessandro Remonato, Roberto Remonato, Emiliano Zanier
Context • Pregnancy causes physiological alterations to the visual system, particularly in relation to retinal vascularization, with a consequent increase of intraocular pressure, and to the lacrimal fluid, with a consequent ocular dryness, which both can lead to a reduction in visual acuity. Numerous case reports refer to the employment of hypnotic treatment in cases of myopia, but the literature does not report any case of decreased visual acuity postpartum that was treated with hypnosis. Objective • For women with visual disorders that had appeared during pregnancy or were preexisting, the study intended to evaluate the benefits of treatment of the diaphragm by hypnotherapy and osteopathy to modify intracorporeal pressure and restore the women's visual function...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#14
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794633/sleep-problems-in-university-students-an-intervention
#15
Angelika Anita Schlarb, Anja Friedrich, Merle Claßen
INTRODUCTION: Up to 60% of all college students suffer from a poor sleep quality, and 7.7% meet all criteria of an insomnia disorder. Sleep problems have a great impact on the students' daily life, for example, the grade point average. Due to irregular daytime routines, chronotype changes, side jobs and exam periods, they need specialized treatments for improving sleep. "Studieren wie im Schlaf" (SWIS; (studying in your sleep)) is a multicomponent sleep training that combines Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia and Hypnotherapy for Insomnia to improve students' sleep, insomnia symptoms and nightmares...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629342/hypnosis-in-patients-with-perceived-stress-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
S Fisch, B Brinkhaus, M Teut
BACKGROUND: Although hypnosis and hypnotherapy have become more popular in recent years, the evidence for hypnosis to influence perceived stress is unclear. In this systematic review we searched and evaluated randomized clinical studies investigating the effect of hypnosis on perceived stress reduction and coping. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Database of Abstracts of Review of Effects, EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and PubMed were systematically screened from their inception until December 2015 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting about hypnosis or hypnotherapy for stress reduction in healthy participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573818/the-journey-between-brain-and-gut-a-systematic-review-of-psychological-mechanisms-of-treatment-effect-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
Sula Windgassen, Rona Moss-Morris, Joseph Chilcot, Alice Sibelli, Kimberley Goldsmith, Trudie Chalder
PURPOSE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is estimated to affect 10-22% of the UK population. The use of psychological interventions in IBS is increasingly empirically supported, but little is known about the mechanism of psychological treatment approaches. The present systematic review aimed to investigate the mechanisms of psychological treatment approaches applied to IBS. METHODS: The systematic review included studies conducting mediation analysis in the context of psychological interventions for IBS, focusing on the outcomes of symptom severity and/or quality of life (QoL)...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528570/hypnotherapy-to-reduce-hot-flashes-examination-of-response-expectancies-as-a-mediator-of-outcomes
#18
Jim R Sliwinski, Gary R Elkins
The mechanism of action responsible for hypnotherapy's effect in reducing hot flashes is not yet known. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of response expectancies as a potential mediator. Hypnotizability was also tested as an effect moderator. Data were collected from a sample of 172 postmenopausal women, who had been randomized to receive either a 5-week hypnosis intervention or structured attention counseling. Measures of response expectancies were analyzed to determine if the relationship between group assignment and hot flashes frequency was mediated by expectancies for treatment efficacy...
October 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506141/a-pragmatic-guide-to-the-setting-up-of-integrated-hypnotherapy-services-in-primary-care-and-clinical-settings
#19
Paul Andrew Entwistle
Despite the continued debate and lack of a clear consensus about the true nature of the hypnotic phenomenon, hypnosis is increasingly being utilized successfully in many medical, health, and psychological spheres as a research method, motivational tool, and therapeutic modality. Significantly, however, although hypnotherapy is widely advertised, advocated, and employed in the private medical arena for the management and treatment of many physical and emotional disorders, too little appears to be being done to integrate hypnosis into primary care and national health medical services...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420945/controversies-and-recent-developments-of-the-low-fodmap-diet
#20
Peta Hill, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
The low-fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a 2-phased intervention, with strict reduction of all slowly absorbed or indigestible short-chain carbohydrates (ie, FODMAPs) followed by reintroduction of specific FODMAPs according to tolerance. The efficacy of the elimination phase of the FODMAP diet is well established, but the success of maintaining this diet has been shown in only a few observational studies. How the efficacy of the low-FODMAP diet compares with that of other therapies has received limited attention, but recent studies have shown this diet to be comparable or superior to diets that address eating style and choice of food as well as to gut hypnotherapy...
January 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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