keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Appalachia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#1
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757517/modeling-a-single-season-of-aedes-albopictus-populations-based-on-host-seeking-data-in-response-to-temperature-and-precipitation-in-eastern-tennessee
#2
James Nance, Rebecca Trout Fryxell, Suzanne Lenhart
In the southern Appalachia of the U.S., Aedes mosquitoes maintain and transmit La Crosse virus (LACV) which causes La Crosse encephalitis, a neuroinvasive disease of children. In response to mosquito outbreaks, communities organize prevention, detection, and response measures that are dependent on local characteristics of the mosquito population and the community. Knowing Ae. albopictus is an accessory vector of LACV and a nuisance biter, our objective was to build a system of ordinary differential equations to model dynamics in a single season using our data and readily available environmental variables that can reflect the abundance and activity of Ae...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754032/opioid-related-mortality-in-rural-america-geographic-heterogeneity-and-intervention-strategies
#3
Khary K Rigg, Shannon M Monnat, Melody N Chavez
Over the last two decades, opioid-related mortality rates have increased dramatically to become a serious public health concern in the United States. Opioid-related mortality has reached epidemic levels in certain rural areas of the U.S., such as Appalachia, New England, and the Mountain West, while remaining relatively low in others, such as the Delta South and Great Plains. Explanations for geographic variation in opioid mortality are unclear, contributing to ineffective policies and interventions. The goal of this article is to summarize the existing literature on the opioid epidemic in the rural U...
May 10, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717068/nursing-and-dental-students-reflections-on-interprofessional-practice-after-a-service-learning-experience-in-appalachia
#4
Susan Nierenberg, Linda Paine Hughes, Molli Warunek, Joseph E Gambacorta, Suzanne S Dickerson, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Nowhere is the discrepancy between good and poor oral health status more pronounced in the U.S. than in the Appalachian region, where there is a high incidence of dental problems related to non-flouridated water, limited access to care, and tooth loss. To address these disparities, in 2016 University at Buffalo dental and nurse practitioner faculty members led a group of dental and nursing students on a two-day service-learning experience in rural Tennessee. The aim of this study was to assess the dental and nursing students' reflections on this interprofessional service-learning experience in Appalachia...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602805/geographic-inequalities-in-progress-against-lung-cancer-among-women-in-the-united-states-1990-2015
#5
EDITORIAL
Katherine Ross, Michael R Kramer, Ahmedin Jemal
Background: Lung cancer-related death rates in the United States have declined steadily since 1990 in men but not until the mid-2000s in women, with the gap in mortality narrowing during the most recent time period. We examined variation in the declining trend among women by county, where many tobacco control policies are implemented. Methods: We obtained county-level lung cancer death rates among women from the National Center for Health Statistics mortality file and calculated relative changes from 1990-1999 to 2006-2015...
March 30, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577771/a-participatory-process-to-engage-appalachian-youth-in-reducing-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption
#6
Hannah G Lane, Kathleen J Porter, Erin Hecht, Priscilla Harris, Jamie M Zoellner
Children and adolescents consume excessive amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which are associated with adverse health outcomes. We describe a yearlong participatory research study to reduce SSBs in Central Appalachia, where excessive consumption is particularly prevalent. This study was conducted in partnership with a community advisory board in Southwest Virginia. Nine "youth ambassadors," aged 10 to 13 years helped to systematically adapt SIPsmartER, an effective theory-based program for Appalachian adults, to be age and culturally appropriate and meet desired theoretical objectives...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564684/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-uptake-knowledge-and-acceptance-for-youth-a-systematic-review-of-appalachia
#7
REVIEW
Chelsea Ryan, Kathryn L Duvall, Emily C Weyant, Kiana R Johnson, David Wood
Though vaccine uptake and public support have risen since the release of the first HPV vaccines, the United States has far lower initiation and completion rates for the HPV vaccine series in comparison to other vaccines indicated for youth. Disparities are even greater in the Appalachian regions. Understanding factors contributing to these discrepancies is vital to improving vaccine rates in Appalachia. A comprehensive literature search identified all articles pertaining to HPV vaccination in children and adolescents living in Appalachia...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557718/where-you-age-matters-individual-and-county-level-predictors-of-formal-and-informal-care-in-rural-appalachia
#8
Jyoti Savla, L Rebecca Bivens, Karen A Roberto, Rosemary Blieszner
OBJECTIVE: Despite overall improvements in the U.S. health care, older adults living in rural counties, such as Appalachian Virginia, continue to be underserved. METHOD: Multinomial regression models, including both individual and county data from 503 older adults aged 65+, were used to examine factors associated with informal and formal care use. RESULTS: Older adults with stronger filial beliefs and less positive attitudes toward community services preferred informal help...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547533/food-insecurity-and-behavioral-characteristics-for-academic-success-in-young-adults-attending-an-appalachian-university
#9
Rebecca L Hagedorn, Melissa D Olfert
In order to investigate the impact of food insecurity on college students in a highly health disparate region we (1) assessed the prevalence of food insecurity among young adults at a large, rural university in Appalachia, and (2) investigated the relationship between food insecurity and behavioral characteristics including academic performance, coping strategies, and money expenditure. A cross-sectional design was used to capture a representative sample of young adults attending a large, central Appalachian university in Fall 2016...
March 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534543/validation-of-a-dietary-screening-tool-in-a-middle-aged-appalachian-population
#10
Melissa Ventura Marra, Sowmyanarayanan V Thuppal, Elizabeth J Johnson, Regan L Bailey
Proactive nutrition screening is an effective public health strategy for identifying and targeting individuals who could benefit from making dietary improvements for primary and secondary prevention of disease. The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) was developed and validated to assess nutritional risk among rural older adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility and validity of the DST to identify nutritional risk in middle-aged adults. This cross-sectional study in middle-aged adults (45-64 year olds, n = 87) who reside in Appalachia, examined nutritional status using an online health survey, biochemical measures, anthropometry, and three representative 24-h dietary recalls...
March 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500916/a-social-ndash-contextual-investigation-of-smoking-among-rural-women-multi-level-factors-associated-with-smoking-status-and-considerations-for-cessation
#11
Julianna M Nemeth, Tiffany L Thomson, Bo Lu, Juan Peng, Valdis Krebs, Nathan J Doogan, Amy K Ferketich, Douglas M Post, Christopher R Browning, Electra D Paskett, Mary E Wewers
INTRODUCTION: The social-contextual model of tobacco control and the potential mechanisms of the maintenance or cessation of smoking behavior among disadvantaged women, including rural residents, have yet to be comprehensively studied. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between selected individual, interpersonal, workplace, and neighborhood characteristics and smoking status among women in Appalachia, a US region whose residents experience a disproportionate prevalence of tobacco-related health disparities...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474535/reducing-30-day-readmission-rates-in-a-high-risk-population-using-a-lay-health-worker-model-in-appalachia-kentucky
#12
Roberto Cardarelli, Mary Horsley, Lisa Ray, Nancy Maggard, Jennifer Schilling, Sarah Weatherford, Fran Feltner, Kayla Gilliam
This exploratory study aimed to address the effectiveness of a lay-health worker (LHW) model in addressing social needs and readmissions of high-risk patients admitted in a rural community hospital. A quasi-experimental study design assessed implementation of a LHW model for assisting high-risk patients with their post-discharge social needs. Outcome measures included 30-day hospital readmissions rates during a 4-month baseline period compared with a 6-month post-implementation period. The LHW intervention involved assessment and development of a personalized social needs plan for enrolled patients (e...
February 1, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473258/treating-women-with-opioid-use-disorder-during-pregnancy-in-appalachia-initial-neonatal-outcomes-following-buprenorphine-naloxone-exposure
#13
Linda Nguyen, Laura R Lander, Kevin E O'Grady, Patrick J Marshalek, Adrienne Schmidt, Audra K Kelly, Hendrée E Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rising concerns regarding diversion and misuse of mono-buprenorphine for treatment of pregnant women with opioid use disorders have sparked interest in the use of buprenorphine + naloxone to reduce misuse and diversion rates. Examined the relationship of prenatal buprenorphine + naloxone exposure to neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of 26 mother infant dyads in comprehensive medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine + naloxone during pregnancy...
March 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456422/understanding-the-meaning-of-food-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-northern-appalachia
#14
Elizabeth A Beverly, Marilyn D Ritholz, Linda A Wray, Ching-Ju Chiu, Emmy Suhl
Purpose: Food and eating convey memories and feelings and serve important functions in creating and maintaining relationships. Given the increasing rate of diabetes in the United States, research understanding the meaning of food may shed light on how patients negotiate everyday food choices while managing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of food among adults with type 2 diabetes living in Northern Appalachia. Methods: In-depth, face-to-face interviews were conducted with type 2 diabetes patients...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452052/agency-and-fatalism-in-older-appalachian-women-s-information-seeking-about-gynecological-cancer
#15
Emma C Potter, Katherine R Allen, Karen A Roberto
Researchers consider older women in rural Appalachia to have low levels of agency and high levels of fatalism regarding decision making about cancer treatment. Using the life course perspective, we examined older women's agency with information seeking about gynecological cancer. Semistructured interviews with 20 White women living in central Appalachia revealed four trajectories: Surrendering Control, Accepting Death, Self-Care, and Advocacy, each with its own forms of agency. Some women experienced personal transformation, increased self-efficacy, and a passion for community empowerment...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446661/stigma-and-spiritual-well-being-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-southern-appalachia
#16
Sadie P Hutson, Caroline K Darlington, Joanne M Hall, R Eric Heidel, Susan Gaskins
The Appalachian South is disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Partly due to the negative connotation that this disease carries in religiously conservative areas, HIV-related stigma remains a critical barrier to HIV care in the South. However, spirituality is a well-documented, effective coping mechanism among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between HIV-related stigma and spiritual well-being among a sample of PLWH (n = 216) in Appalachian counties of Tennessee and Alabama using the HIV Stigma Scale and the Spiritual Well-being Scale...
February 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423455/the-state-of-tobacco-perceptions-of-tobacco-among-appalachian-youth-in-kentucky
#17
Joy L Hart, Kandi L Walker, Clara G Sears, Lindsay K Tompkins, Alexander S Lee, Delvon T Mattingly, Allison Groom, Robyn Landry, Aida L Giachello, Thomas J Payne, Anshula Kesh, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith, Rose M Robertson
INTRODUCTION: In Appalachia, youth tobacco-use rates remain higher than the U.S. national average. Past research has indicated that several factors are related to high rates of tobacco use among Appalachian youth (e.g. low socioeconomic status, rural lifestyles). Of the Appalachian states, Kentucky has one of the highest rates of youth tobacco use. The aim of this study was to explore views of tobacco among Kentucky youth living in Appalachian counties. METHODS: In Fall 2014 - Spring 2015, focus group interviews were conducted with middle and high school students (N=109) in Appalachian counties in Kentucky...
January 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378424/anticipating-needs-at-end-of-life-in-narratives-related-by-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-appalachia
#18
Joanne Hall, Sadie P Hutson, Frankie West
As part of a mixed methods study determining end-of-life and advanced care planning needs in southern Appalachia, a narrative analysis was done of stories told in interviews of 8 selected participants using transcript data. Narratives were fraught with contradiction and paradox. Tensions were evident about living in Appalachia, the Bible Belt, and an area wherein distances are long and community rejection can occur as news travels quickly. The primary finding was that stigma, from several sources, and shrinking circles of social support for people living with HIV/AIDS, all of whom were in treatment, combined to create a sense of solitariness...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374856/disparities-in-women-s-cancer-related-quality-of-life-by-southern-appalachian-residence
#19
Ann L Coker, Huong T Luu, Heather M Bush
PURPOSE: The purpose was to determine whether Appalachian residence alone or in combination with violence was linked to poorer quality of life (QOL). METHODS: Women recently diagnosed and included in either the Kentucky or North Carolina Cancer Registries were interviewed by phone between 2009 and 2015 (n = 3320; mean age = 56.74). Response rates were similar by state (40.1 in Kentucky and 40.9% in North Carolina). Appalachian (N = 990) versus non-Appalachian residents (N = 2330) were hypothesized to have poorer QOL defined as (a) lower Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) scores and (b) more symptoms of depression, stress, or comorbid physical conditions...
May 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373782/traffic-fatalities-in-west-virginia-and-the-remaining-united-states-2008-2012
#20
Kenneth B Plants, Toni Marie Rudisill, Motao Zhu
Purpose: Research has shown that Appalachia has a higher traffic fatality rate than the non-Appalachian United States. This study compared traffic fatality rates in West Virginia to the rest of the United States. Methods: Fatality Analysis Reporting System and Census data from 2008-2012 were used to calculate traffic fatality rates. Poisson regression was used to model rate ratios stratified by age, sex, rurality, and transportation type, as well as rate ratios per licensed driver, vehicles registered and miles travelled...
March 2017: West Virginia Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
92727
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"