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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804639/tuberculosis-joint-infections-in-four-domestic-cats
#1
Stephanie M Lalor, Stephen Clarke, Jonathan Pink, Andrew Parry, Emma Scurrell, Noel Fitzpatrick, Fraje Watson, Conor O'Halloran, Danielle Gunn-Moore
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: This paper describes the clinical presentation, diagnostic imaging findings and outcome in four cats with confirmed joint-associated tuberculosis. The cats were 2-6 years of age, and immune competent. Three cases had tuberculosis affecting only one joint, whereas one case had at least three joints affected. Two cases were caused by Mycobacterium bovis, and the other two were caused by Mycobacterium microti. Radiological findings included osteolysis, periosteal reaction and associated soft tissue swelling...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803440/electrical-impedance-tomography-for-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-pulmonary-function-disorders-in-the-intensive-care-unit-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Szymon Białka, Maja Copik, Katarzyna Rybczyk, Hanna Misiołek
The aim of this paper is to describe the possibility of using Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) as a treatment monitoring tool in the ICU. It was based on case report and literature review. A 19-year-old female was admitted to ICU due to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. Despite aggressive treatment there was no improvement. We decided to use EIT in the monitoring of treatment because of difficulties in transporting the patient to the radiology department in order to perform a control CT scan...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799880/a-morphometric-survey-of-the-parasellar-region-in-more-than-2700-skulls-emphasis-on-the-middle-clinoid-process-variants-and-implications-in-endoscopic-and-microsurgical-approaches
#3
Akshay Sharma, Gabrielle E Rieth, Joseph E Tanenbaum, James S Williams, Nakao Ota, Srikant Chakravarthi, Sunil Manjila, Amin Kassam, Bulent Yapicilar
OBJECTIVE The middle clinoid process (MCP) is a bony projection that extends from the sphenoid bone near the lateral margin of the sella turcica. The varied prevalence and morphological features of the MCP in populations stratified by age, race, and sex are unknown; however, the knowledge of its anatomy and preoperative recognition on CT scans can aid greatly in complication avoidance and management. The aim of this study was to further illustrate the surgical anatomy of the parasellar region and to quantify the incidence of MCP and caroticoclinoid rings (CCRs) in dried preserved human anatomical specimens...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791273/significant-elevation-in-serum-ca-125-and-ca-19-9-levels-with-torsion-of-the-hydrosalpinx-in-a-postmenopausal-woman
#4
Ji Hye Kim, Hyo Jin Jung, Seung Hun Song
Isolated torsion of the fallopian tube in postmenopausal women is rare. In this case report, we detail the case of a 53-year-old patient who presented with adenomyosis and a left hydrosalpinx with high levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9. The isolated torsion of the left hydrosalpinx was observed during the operation. The serum levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9 were reduced from 129.62 and 348 to 58.2 and 12.41 U/mL, respectively, after total laparoscopic hysterectomy with salpingectomy. On radiologic evaluation, there were no other factors that may have influenced the increase in serum levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9 in this patient, which were reduced after operation...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781812/non-neural-granular-cell-tumor-of-the-uterine-corpus-mimicking-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#5
Yoko Deguchi, Naoyuki Iwahashi, Yuko Horiuchi, Miwa Ikejima, Tomoyuki Tanaka, Kazuhiko Ino, Kenichi Furukawa
Non-neural granular cell tumors (GCTs) are clinically rare, whereas cases arising in the uterine corpus are exceedingly rare. Only three uterine cervical cases of GCTs have been reported to date and, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of GCT of the uterine corpus in the literature. We herein describe the first case of non-neural GCT arising from the uterine corpus reported to date. A 55-year-old premenopausal woman was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Hashimoto Municipal Hospital (Wakayama, Japan) with a suspected uterine tumor...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774447/sapho-and-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis
#6
REVIEW
Simon Greenwood, Antonio Leone, Victor N Cassar-Pullicino
SAPHO and recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis are complex inflammatory conditions that clinical radiologists play an essential part in diagnosing. They present with a wide range of musculoskeletal and skin manifestations, and exhibit several key diagnostic features that, when present, make the diagnoses unequivocal. The overall population group is young. Diagnostic delay is common with a relapsing and remitting clinical course and often subtle early radiologic findings. This article provides an up-to-date insight into both conditions, including their multifaceted pathogenesis, effective therapeutic options, and advanced imaging features, to arm radiologists with the knowledge required to make the diagnoses confidently in a timely manner...
September 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770636/an-update-on-diagnostic-and-prognostic-biomarkers-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Andrew S Day, Steven T Leach, Daniel A Lemberg
Diagnosis of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases relies upon initial recognition of an inflammatory condition, followed by definitive endoscopic, histological and radiological investigations. Various biomarkers are available to assist with initial elucidation of an inflammatory process: these also have important roles after diagnosis in monitoring and ongoing assessment of progress. Areas covered: Various inflammatory markers, serological tests and genetic analyses may be helpful in predicting the course of disease in the coming months...
August 10, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767609/sinonasal-renal-cell-like-adenocarcinoma-a-unique-variant-of-primary-clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-the-first-reported-case-in-korea
#8
Nah-Ihm Kim, Jung-In Yang, Sung-Sun Kim, Ji-Shin Lee, Sang-Chul Lim, Shin Jung, Jae-Hyuk Lee, Kyung-Sub Moon, Kyung-Hwa Lee
RATIONALE: Primary sinonasal renal cell-like adenocarcinoma (SNRCLA) is a rare and unique neoplasm. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old man presented with repeated epistaxis, nasal obstruction and hyposmia of 2-month duration. Radiological studies revealed a mass of the left ethmoid sinus involving anterior skull base. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was treated with craniofacial resection, bifrontal craniotomy combined with an endonasal endoscopic approach...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766950/imaging-features-of-rare-mesenychmal-liver-tumors-beyond-hemangiomas
#9
Rajesh Thampy, Khaled M Elsayes, Christine O Menias, Perry J Pickhardt, Hyunseon C Kang, Sandeep Deshmukh, Kareem Ahmed, Brinda Rao Korivi
Tumors arising from mesenchymal tissue components such as vascular, fibrous and adipose tissue can manifest in the liver. Although histopathology is often necessary for definitive diagnosis, many of these lesions exhibit characteristic imaging features. The radiologist plays an important role in suggesting the diagnosis, which can direct appropriate immunohistochemical staining at histology. The aim of this review is to present clinical and imaging findings of a spectrum of mesenchymal liver tumors such as hemangioma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, lipoma, PEComa, angiosarcoma, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, solitary fibrous tumor, leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma, Kaposi sarcoma, mesenchymal hamartoma, undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma and hepatic metastases...
August 2, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764140/computed-tomographic-estimation-of-relationship-between-renal-volume-and-body-weight-of-an-individual
#10
Shweta Sudhakar Talhar, Jwalant E Waghmare, Lipika Paul, Sushilkumar Kale, Moreshwar R Shende
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of normal range of size and volume of abdominal organs plays a vital role in clinical practices as various medical conditions affects the abdominal organs causing alteration in their dimensions. AIM: The present retrospective study was done to establish the normal range of renal volume in study population and to see the correlation between renal volume and body weight of an individual. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computed tomographic evaluations of kidneys were performed on 140 kidneys of 70 individuals who had undergone abdominal CT scan for indications other than renal disease...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761545/primary-pleomorphic-xanthoastrocytoma-of-the-spinal-cord-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Mayur Sharma, Vernon Velho, Rachana Binayake, Hrushikesh Kharosekar
Primary pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) of the spinal cord is a rare slow growing tumor. To our knowledge, only five such cases have been reported in the literature till date. We report the clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of a spinal PXA in a 23-year-old female previously operated 5 years back for a spinal tumor, presented with weakness in lower limbs, sphincter incontinence and low back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging scan with contrast reveals an intramedullary lesion in the spinal cord from D8-D10 level...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760364/does-the-oral-mock-board-examination-still-have-a-role-as-a-training-tool
#12
Colin Strickland, Alexandria Jensen, Tatum McArthur
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology has adopted a new standardized board examination and the traditional oral examination has been abandoned. Although many programs have changed their educational efforts to reflect the new test format, some faculty members and residents have expressed a desire to keep an oral examination as a component of education and evaluation in radiology residency programs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An oral comprehensive examination including all the appropriate subspecialties was administered to each second year and third year resident in our training program by faculty members...
July 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760150/bilateral-pheochromocytoma-with-ganglioneuroma-component-associated-with-multiple-neuroendocrine-neoplasia-type-2a-a-case-report
#13
Boubacar Efared, Gabrielle Atsame-Ebang, Soufiane Tahirou, Khalid Mazaz, Nawal Hammas, Hinde El Fatemi, Laila Chbani
BACKGROUND: Composite pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas are very rare tumors composed of ordinary pheochromocytoma paragangliomas associated with neurogenic tumors. Several hereditary susceptibility disorders are known to be associated with pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (2A or B). To the best of our knowledge, only four cases of composite pheochromocytoma/paragangliomas associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old Arabic woman presented with headache, palpitations, paroxysmal hypertension, and weight loss, which she had had for the last 3 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760034/complete-anatomic-reduction-and-monosegmental-fusion-for-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-of-grade-ii-and-higher-use-of-the-minimally-invasive-rocking-technique
#14
Deshpande V Rajakumar, Akshay Hari, Murali Krishna, Ankit Sharma, Manjunatha Reddy
OBJECTIVE Different surgical approaches have been described for treatment of spondylolisthesis, including in situ fusions, reductions of various degrees, and inclusion of healthy adjacent segments into the fusion construct. To the authors' knowledge, there are only sparse reports describing consistent complete reduction and monosegmental transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for spondylolisthesis using a minimally invasive technique. The authors assess the efficacy of this technique in the reduction of local deformity and correction of overall sagittal profile in single-level spondylolisthesis...
August 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757465/mini-encyclopaedia-of-the-wound-healing-opportunities-for-integrating-multi-omic-approaches-into-medical-practice
#15
Lara Stolzenburg-Veeser, Olga Golubnitschaja
Wound healing is a highly complex life-important repair process triggered by plenty of local and/or systemic organ and tissue damaging events, such as an acute surgical invasion, accidental organ and tissue damages, acute and chronic diseases, aggressive local and systemic therapeutic approaches (e.g. irradiation and systemic chemotherapy). Individual health condition determines over the quality of wound healing. Impaired wound healing, in turn, may lead, for example, to post-surgical complications frequently observed in elderly, chronic ulcers in diabetic patients, hindered and ineffective pain management, etc...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756363/torsion-of-huge-wandering-accessory-spleen-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Salah Termos, Ahmad Redha, Riad Zbibo, Abdulla Alduwaisan, Majd AlKabbani, Nidal Elyousif, Mohammad Alali
INTRODUCTION: Accessory spleens are found in 10-15% of the population, and are even more prevalent in patients with hematological disorders (Rudowski, 1985). It infrequently may become symptomatic due to torsion, spontaneous rupture or hemorrhage which may lead to death. Torsion of an accessory spleen is extremely rare, and requires prompt medical attention [2] (Coote et al., 1999). PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 27-year-old Mediterranean lady with thalassemia trait, who presented to the emergency department with an acute surgical abdomen due to torsion of a giant accessory spleen, measuring 13cm...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749175/direct-shoulder-magnetic-resonance-arthrography-for-superior-labral-anterior-to-posterior-slap-and-bankart-lesions-investigation-into-the-appropriate-dose-and-level-of-local-anesthesia
#17
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun, Hyeon Hwan Jo, Dong Hyeon Kim, Jae Gwang Song, Yong Sung Park
OBJECTIVES: To compare contrast leakage, pain score, image quality, and diagnostic performance at different doses and levels of local anesthesia for direct shoulder magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA). METHODS: Patients (n=157) were prospectively enrolled and allocated to group 1 (no local anesthetic), group 2 (local anesthesia to subcutaneous fat level; lidocaine 1-2 mL), group 3 (to deltoid muscle level; 3-5 mL), or group 4 (to subscapularis muscle level; 6-8 mL)...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749172/no-differences-in-radiological-changes-after-3d-conformal-vs-vmat-based-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
Serena Badellino, Jacopo Di Muzio, Giulia Schivazappa, Alessia Guarneri, Riccardo Ragona, Sara Bartoncini, Elisabetta Trino, Andrea Riccardo Filippi, Paolo Fonio, Umberto Ricardi
OBJECTIVES: To compare patterns of acute and late radiological lung injury following either 3D or image-guided VMAT stereotactic radiotherapy for stage I Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We included 148 patients from a prospective mono-institutional SBRT series (time interval 2004-2014), treated with prescription BED10 Gy (at 80%) in the range 100-120 Gy. The first 95 patients (2004-2010) were planned with 3D-CRT, with a stereotactic body frame. The second cohort (2010-2014) included 53 patients, planned with volumetric IMRT on a smaller PTV generated from a patient's specific ITV, with a frameless approach through cone-beam CT guidance...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749097/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-breast-mimicking-granulomatous-mastitis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Dalia M Abouelfad, Noha N Yassen, Hebat Allah A Amin, Marwa E Shabana
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) of the breast is an exceedingly rare variant of mammary cancer. To our knowledge, only twenty - one cases have been reported in the literature. Diagnosis of this type of mammary carcinoma may be challenging, owing to its rarity and the histopathological similarity to common inflammatory and malignant lesions of the breast mainly granulomatous mastitis, medullary carcinoma, pleomorphic lobular carcinoma, lymphoma and other hematological malignancies. Our case is the 22nd case of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma reported in the breast, presenting with a palpable tender mass in a post-menopausal female...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748362/case-study-failure-of-superior-capsular-reconstruction-using-dermal-allograft
#20
J Zerr, J D McDermott, N M Beckmann, R K Fullick, A Chhabra
Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) is a novel technique for treating irreparable rotator cuff tears in younger patients in whom a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is not the optimal treatment choice. This case study describes a middle-aged male with a recurrent, massive, irreparable rotator cuff tear treated with SCR that subsequently failed at the glenoid attachment. The patient underwent successful arthroscopic revision of the SCR. The case illustrates the MRI and arthroscopic correlations of the failed dermal allograft reconstruction, which to our knowledge has not been previously shown in the radiology literature...
July 26, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
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