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correction for prematurity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045253/gut-microbial-diversity-in-hiv-infection-post-combined-antiretroviral-therapy-a-key-target-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Mohamed El-Far, Cécile L Tremblay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although the HIV-infected population is living longer and getting older under current treatment regimens, significant challenges arise for health management as the infection is associated with various premature aging phenotypes, particularly increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Here we review the current understanding of HIV-related gut dysbiosis in association with CVD and advances in clinical trials aiming to restore gut microbial diversity. RECENT FINDING: Identification of a unique signature for gut dysbiosis in HIV infection between different cohorts remains challenging...
October 17, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043919/beyond-survival-5-year-neurodevelopmental-follow-up-of-a-cohort-of-preterm-infants-in-colombo-sri-lanka
#2
S P Sumanasena, D V Vipulaguna, M M Mendis, N S Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm neonates in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To describe the developmental attainments of preterm neonates followed up for 5 years and to identify the risk factors for impairment. METHOD: A prospective descriptive cohort study was undertaken in neonates of 34 weeks gestation born within a period of 12 months at a single tertiary maternity and neonatal unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka...
October 18, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042930/relevance-of-clinical-features-in-the-prognosis-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-premature-infants
#3
Zhifang Du, Xiangyong Kong, Yanli Ren, Zhichun Feng, Junjin Huang, Jia Chen, Ruijuan Wang
The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) diagnosis and risk factors of short-term poor prognosis for premature infants. This study analyzed the clinical data of 81 premature infants (<32 weeks gestational age) with BPD, who were on oxygen therapy >28 days, and survived >36 weeks (corrected age). Outcome measures included treatments, conditions on the 28th day after birth, oxygen therapy conditions at the 36th week, occurrence of any serious complications during hospital stay...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039646/proteomics-based-tools-for-evaluation-of-cell-free-protein-synthesis
#4
Gregory B Hurst, Keiji G Asano, Charles J Doktycz, Elliot J Consoli, William L Doktycz, Carmen M Foster, Jennifer L Morrell-Falvey, Robert F Standaert, Mitchel J Doktycz
Cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS) has the potential to produce enzymes, therapeutic agents, and other proteins, while circumventing difficulties associated with in vivo heterologous expression. However, the contents of the cell-free extracts used to carry out synthesis are generally not characterized, which hampers progress toward enhancing yield or functional activity of the target protein. We explored the utility of mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics for characterizing the bacterial extracts used for transcribing and translating gene sequences into proteins as well as the products of CFPS reactions...
October 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038903/-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-sputum-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
REVIEW
J Rademacher
Pulmonary diseases caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have increased over the last years and decades in Germany and also worldwide. Because the disease is more frequent in patients with immunodeficiencies and chronic respiratory diseases, e.g. bronchiectasis, advanced chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis (CF), an infection with mycobacteria should always be considered in this patient group. The detection in sputum alone is not an indication for treatment but the correct diagnosis should be based on the appropriate clinical symptoms as well as radiological and microbiological criteria...
October 16, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031988/new-trends-in-childhood-vision-impairment-in-a-developed-country
#6
Chengde Pham, Shivanand J Sheth, Jill E Keeffe, Susan M Carden
BACKGROUND: The Education Vision Assessment Clinic (EVAC) is a unique statewide service that reviews school children 4-18 years of age with low vision in Victoria, Australia, to determine their eligibility for educational support. The purpose of this study was to identify causes of vision impairment in students in Victoria using data from the EVAC. METHODS: Data collected from students who attended the EVAC at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, between the years 2003 and 2012 inclusive, were analyzed retrospectively...
October 12, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030727/-parenteral-nutrition-in-premature-babies-with-a-birth-weight-1500g-a%C3%A2-systematic-single-center-analysis-and-comparison-with-current-guidelines
#7
Melanie Sirch, Martin Poryo, Mona Butte, Ulrike Lindner, Ludwig Gortner, Michael Zemlin, Holger Nunold, Sascha Meyer
BACKGROUND: Parenteral and enteral nutrition are essential for both growth and development of preterm infants. Based on the results of many studies, the rate of nutritional growth and the amount of substrate delivered parenterally are under debate. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess parenteral nutrition in very and extremely immature preterm infants, i.e. very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000g) neonates, and to compare the amount of parenterally delivered substrate in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to current German guidelines...
October 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022295/retinopathy-of-prematurity-assist-novel-software-for-detecting-plus-disease
#8
Elias Khalili Pour, Hamidreza Pourreza, Kambiz Ameli Zamani, Alireza Mahmoudi, Arash Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, Mahla Shadravan, Reza Karkhaneh, Ramak Rouhi Pour, Mohammad Riazi Esfahani
PURPOSE: To design software with a novel algorithm, which analyzes the tortuosity and vascular dilatation in fundal images of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) patients with an acceptable accuracy for detecting plus disease. METHODS: Eighty-seven well-focused fundal images taken with RetCam were classified to three groups of plus, non-plus, and pre-plus by agreement between three ROP experts. Automated algorithms in this study were designed based on two methods: the curvature measure and distance transform for assessment of tortuosity and vascular dilatation, respectively as two major parameters of plus disease detection...
September 22, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021683/aarskog-scott-syndrome-an-unusual-cause-of-scoliosis
#9
Kerim Sariyilmaz, Okan Ozkunt, Murat Korkmaz, Fatih Dikici, Unsal Domanic
A 16-year-old boy who had been diagnosed previously as Aarskog-Scott syndrome (AAS), referred to our clinic with shoulder asymmetry for 1 year. Results of spine examination showed a 52° right thoracic curve at T3-T11. Surgery was planned, and T1-L1 posterior instrumentation and fusion were performed. After surgery, satisfactory correction was achieved, and during 10 years follow-up, the patient had no complaints. AAS is a X-linked genetic disorder with facial, genital, and skeletal manifestations. Scoliosis is not reported as a typical finding of AAS, and there is no reported case in the English literature...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019756/imaging-of-skeletal-disorders-caused-by-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-gene-mutations
#10
Kiran M Sargar, Achint K Singh, Simon C Kao
Fibroblast growth factors and fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) play important roles in human axial and craniofacial skeletal development. FGFR1, FGFR2, and FGFR3 are crucial for both chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. Mutations in the genes encoding FGFRs, types 1-3, are responsible for various skeletal dysplasias and craniosynostosis syndromes. Many of these disorders are relatively common in the pediatric population, and diagnosis is often challenging. These skeletal disorders can be classified based on which FGFR is affected...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016667/the-transcriptomes-of-cave-and-surface-populations-of-gammarus-minus-crustacea-amphipoda-provide-evidence-for-positive-selection-on-cave-downregulated-transcripts
#11
David B Carlini, Daniel W Fong
Gammarus minus, a freshwater amphipod living in the cave and surface streams in the eastern USA, is an excellent model for investigating evolutionary adaptation to the subterranean environment. RNA-Seq was conducted on one pair of morphologically distinct sister populations inhabiting surface and cave habitats to identify genes that were differentially expressed in the two populations, as well as to compare levels and patterns of genetic variation within and between populations. Of the 104,630 transcripts identified in the transcriptome assembly, 57% had higher average levels of expression in the cave population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992374/male-accessory-gland-inflammation-infertility-and-sexual-dysfunctions-a-practical-approach-to-diagnosis-and-therapy
#12
REVIEW
A E Calogero, Y Duca, R A Condorelli, S La Vignera
The role of urogenital inflammation in causing infertility and sexual dysfunctions has long been a matter of debate in the international scientific literature. The most recent scientific evidences show that male accessory gland infection/inflammation could alter, with various mechanisms, both conventional and biofunctional sperm parameters, and determine worst reproductive outcome. At the same time, the high prevalence of erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation in patients with male accessory gland infection/inflammation underlines the close link between these diseases and sexual dysfunctions...
October 9, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984527/corrigendum-to-analgesic-effect-of-maternal-human-milk-odor-on-premature-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
(no author information available yet)
Baudesson de Chanville, A., Brevaut-Malaty, V., Garbi, A., Tosello, B., Baumstarck, K., Gire, C., & Le Cozannet, R. (2017). Analgesic effect of maternal human milk odor on premature neonates: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Human Lactation, 33(2), 300-308. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0890334417693225) In this article that appeared in the May 2017 issue of Journal of Human Lactation, the following corrections are required due to an inadvertent omission by the research team authoring the paper. 1) Dr. Romain Le Cozannet has been added as an author...
November 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980979/electrocardiogram-modeling-during-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-application-to-the-detection-of-brief-episodes
#14
Andrius Petrėnas, Vaidotas Marozas, Andrius Sološenko, Raimondas Kubilius, Jurgita Skibarkienė, Julien Oster, Leif Sörnmo
OBJECTIVE: A model for simulating multi-lead ECG signals during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) is proposed. SIGNIFICANCE: The model is of particular significance when evaluating detection performance in the presence of brief AF episodes, especially since annotated databases with such episodes are lacking. APPROACH: The proposed model accounts for important characteristics such as switching between sinus rhythm and AF, varying P-wave morphology, repetition rate of f-waves, presence of atrial premature beats, and various types of noise...
October 5, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977935/overexpression-of-the-e2f-target-gene-cenpi-promotes-chromosome-instability-and-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-estrogen-receptor-positive-breast-cancer
#15
Pulari U Thangavelu, Cheng-Yu Lin, Srividya Vaidyanathan, Thu H M Nguyen, Eloise Dray, Pascal H G Duijf
During cell division, chromosome segregation is facilitated by the mitotic checkpoint, or spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), which ensures correct kinetochore-microtubule attachments and prevents premature sister-chromatid separation. It is well established that misexpression of SAC components on the outer kinetochores promotes chromosome instability (CIN) and tumorigenesis. Here, we study the expression of CENP-I, a key component of the HIKM complex at the inner kinetochores, in breast cancer, including ductal, lobular, medullary and male breast carcinomas...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971048/verification-of-reliability-and-validity-of-the-feeding-and-swallowing-scale-for-premature-infants-fsspi
#16
Chang Won Moon, Han Geul Jung, Hee Jung Cheon, Su Mi Oh, Young Ok Ki, Jeong-Yi Kwon
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new scale, the Feeding and Swallowing Scale for Premature Infants (FSSPI), based on videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) findings and to verify the reliability and validity of the FSSPI. METHODS: One hundred thirty preterm infants who had undergone VFSS were enrolled in this retrospective study. The FSSPI was developed by referring to the Baby Regulated Organization of Subsystems and Sucking approach. The FSSPI score for each VFSS video was evaluated by a physiatrist as well as by three experienced speech-language pathologists...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970018/monogenetic-disorders-of-the-cholesterol-metabolism-and-premature-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Marianne C van Schie, Sjaam Jainandunsing, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep
Cholesterol is of vital importance for normal function of organisms. However, a high serum level is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In this review an overview is presented of the different known monogenetic disorders of the cholesterol metabolism which lead to unfavourable lipid profiles form childhood onwards and premature cardiovascular disease. Since these monogenetic disorders have a large variety in clinical presentation, ranging from scarcely any to extreme premature cardiovascular disease, the frequency is underestimated and often the correct diagnosis is not made...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959218/maternal-sensitivity-buffers-the-association-between-slc6a4-methylation-and-socio-emotional-stress-response-in-3-month-old-full-term-but-not-very-preterm-infants
#18
Livio Provenzi, Monica Fumagalli, Roberto Giorda, Francesco Morandi, Ida Sirgiovanni, Uberto Pozzoli, Fabio Mosca, Renato Borgatti, Rosario Montirosso
BACKGROUND: Very preterm (VPT) infants are hospitalized in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) and are exposed to life-saving procedures eliciting pain-related stress. Recent research documented that pain-related stress might result in birth-to-discharge increased methylation of serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) in VPT infants, leading to poorer stress regulation at 3 months of age in VPT infants compared to their full-term (FT) counterparts. Maternal sensitivity is thought to support infants' stress response, but its role in moderating the effects of altered SLC6A4 methylation is unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942696/gnrh-antagonist-does-not-prevent-premature-luteinization-and-ovulation-in-stimulated-cycles-with-gonadotropins-for-ivf-two-case-reports
#19
Pieraldo Inaudi, Valeria Barra, Francesca Letizia Vellucci, Cristina Regini, Stefano Luisi
The use of GnRH antagonists (GnRHant) is increasing in the ovarian stimulation protocol. Among several other benefits, GnRHant should prevent a premature luteinization and premature ovulation, the first described either as a 'reassuringly rare event' or 'frequent event', while the second as occurring more frequently in women with decreased ovarian reserve, advanced age and poor ovarian response. Two cases of associated premature luteinization and premature ovulation, during treatment with gonadotropins and GnRHant in IVF cycles, are here reported...
September 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941610/scavenger-receptor-lox1-genotype-predicts-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#20
Martine Paquette, Robert Dufour, Alexis Baass
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a monogenic disease associated with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) leading to premature cardiovascular disease. Lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX1) is one of the major contributors of oxLDL uptake and degradation in macrophages, which leads to foam cell formation and the development of atherosclerosis. This study investigated the effect of the rs11053646 genotype of the oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 (OLR1) gene on coronary artery disease (CAD) risk in a cohort of FH patients...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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