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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636762/european-diabetes-research-and-its-funding-2002-2013
#1
M Begum, G Lewison, S Sommariva, O Ciani, R Tarricone, R Sullivan
AIM: This study examined the outputs of research papers in diabetes from 31 European countries between 2002 and 2013, and their funding. METHODS: Diabetes research papers in the Web of Science were identified by means of a filter based on journals and title words. For 2009-2013 papers, the funders were coded to show their sector and nationality. RESULTS: Europe published 40 547 diabetes papers in the 12 years between 2002 and 2013. Denmark, Sweden and Finland published the most relative to their wealth, but the UK published the most absolutely despite an apparently low burden (as measured by disability-adjusted life years)...
June 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634570/to-use-or-not-to-use-metformin-in-cerebral-ischemia-a-review-of-the-application-of-metformin-in-stroke-rodents
#3
REVIEW
Isaac Arbeláez-Quintero, Mauricio Palacios
Ischemic strokes are major causes of death and disability. Searching for potential therapeutic strategies to prevent and treat stroke is necessary, given the increase in overall life expectancy. Epidemiological reports indicate that metformin is an oral antidiabetic medication that can reduce the incidence of ischemic events in patients with diabetes mellitus. Its mechanism of action has not been elucidated, but metformin pleiotropic effects involve actions in addition to glycemic control. AMPK activation has been described as one of the pharmacological mechanisms that explain the action of metformin and that lead to neuroprotective effects...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632560/preoperative-depression-smoking-and-employment-status-are-significant-factors-in-patient-satisfaction-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#4
Laura Chapin, Kelly Ward, Timothy Ryken
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether comorbidities and demographics, identified preoperatively, can impact patient outcomes and satisfaction after lumbar spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical treatment of lower back pain does not always eliminate a patient's pain and symptoms. Revision surgeries are costly and expose the patient to additional risk. We aim to identify patient characteristics that may suggest a greater or lesser likelihood of postsurgical success by examining patient-reported measures and outcomes after surgery...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627325/the-association-between-handgrip-strength-and-diabetes-on-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-older-mexican-americans
#5
Ryan P McGrath, Brenda M Vincent, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Brad P Dieter, Ryan R Bailey, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the independent and joint effects of muscle weakness and diabetes on incident activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Mexican Americans. METHOD: A subsample of 2,270 Mexican Americans aged at least 65 years at baseline were followed for 19 years. Handgrip strength was normalized to body weight (normalized grip strength [NGS]). Weakness was defined as NGS ≤0.46 in males and ≤0.30 in females. Diabetes and ADL disability were self-reported...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603515/factors-influencing-decision-making-for-carotid-endarterectomy-versus-stenting-in-the-very-elderly
#6
REVIEW
Sung Hyuk Heo, Cheryl D Bushnell
As the population ages worldwide, the number of elderly patients with carotid stenosis is also increasing. There have been many large clinical trials comparing carotid endarterectomy (CAE) versus stenting, but the inclusion criteria (i.e., symptomatic or asymptomatic), stenting methods (i.e., protection device), and primary end point (i.e., the definition of myocardial infarction and follow-up period) were different between trials. Therefore, the interpretation of those results is difficult and requires attention...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602181/health-outcomes-and-costs-for-injured-young-people-hospitalised-with-and-without-chronic-health-conditions
#7
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Jeffrey Braithwaite
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic health conditions such as diabetes among young people is increasing. Limited information is known about the impact of these conditions on young people who have been traumatically injured. Injury is the global leading cause of death and disability in young people. The aim of this study is to compare health outcomes for injured young people with and without chronic health conditions. METHOD: A retrospective examination of injury in young people aged≤25years with and without a chronic health condition using linked hospitalisation and mortality records during 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in New South Wales, Australia...
June 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602020/techniques-of-monitoring-blood-glucose-during-pregnancy-for-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Foong Ming Moy, Amita Ray, Brian S Buckley, Helen M West
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is recommended as a key component of the management plan for diabetes therapy during pregnancy. No existing systematic reviews consider the benefits/effectiveness of various techniques of blood glucose monitoring on maternal and infant outcomes among pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. The effectiveness of the various monitoring techniques is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare techniques of blood glucose monitoring and their impact on maternal and infant outcomes among pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599955/inequities-in-visual-health-and-health-services-use-in-a-rural-region-in-spain
#9
Sergio Latorre-Arteaga, José Fernández-Sáez, Diana Gil-González
OBJECTIVE: To analyse perceived visual health and health services use in a rural population in relation to socioeconomic characteristics and compared with the general population in Spain. METHOD: Cross-sectional study in a rural population using a structured questionnaire including questions comparable to the Spanish National Health Survey (2012). A descriptive analysis was carried out through the calculation of frequencies and prevalence, the χ(2) test for independent variables, contrasts of proportions and logistic regression to obtain associations between the rural and general populations and socioeconomic variables...
June 6, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599584/aging-in-puerto-rico-a-comparison-of-health-status-among-island-puerto-rican-and-mainland-u-s-older-adults
#10
Catherine Pérez, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the health status of older island Puerto Ricans, a segment of the U.S. population that has been largely overlooked in aging research. METHOD: Data from the 2002 Puerto Rican Elderly Health Conditions Project and the 2002 Health and Retirement Study are used to examine differences in disease, disability, and self-rated health among island Puerto Ricans and the mainland U.S.-born older adult population. Differences are further examined by gender...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597853/depression-and-physical-noncommunicable-diseases-the-need-for-an-integrated-approach
#11
Nazneen Anwar, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Depression is globally the third-leading cause of disability in terms of disability-adjusted life-years. Depression in patients with diseases such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, stroke or cardiovascular disease is 2-4-fold more prevalent than in people who do not have physical noncommunicable diseases, and may have a more prolonged course. The significant burden due to depression that is comorbid with chronic physical disease, coupled with limited resources, makes it a major public health challenge for low- and middle-income countries...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596096/hearing-loss-and-associated-medical-conditions-among-individuals-65-years-and-older
#12
Michael M McKee, Michelle L Stransky, Amanda Reichard
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is prevalent, but few studies have investigated its associations with common medical conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the prevalence of medical conditions among individuals with hearing loss, compared to those without hearing loss, in people aged 65 years and older. METHODS: The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) collects data on a variety of health-related topics, including disability. Three years of NHIS data (2011-2013; unweighted n = 53,111) were pooled to examine subpopulations of individuals with hearing loss...
June 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594069/glucose-targets-for-preventing-diabetic-kidney-disease-and-its-progression
#13
REVIEW
Marinella Ruospo, Valeria M Saglimbene, Suetonia C Palmer, Salvatore De Cosmo, Antonio Pacilli, Olga Lamacchia, Mauro Cignarelli, Paola Fioretto, Mariacristina Vecchio, Jonathan C Craig, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) around the world. Blood pressure lowering and glucose control are used to reduce diabetes-associated disability including kidney failure. However there is a lack of an overall evidence summary of the optimal target range for blood glucose control to prevent kidney failure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefits and harms of intensive (HbA1c < 7% or fasting glucose levels < 120 mg/dL versus standard glycaemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7% or fasting glucose levels ≥ 120 mg/dL for preventing the onset and progression of kidney disease among adults with diabetes...
June 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592135/low-pressure-low-flow-voiding-dysfunction-in-an-elderly-male-treated-through-ayurveda-a-case-report
#14
Sanjeev Rastogi
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic bladder is a common urological condition among elderly. It results in incontinence or retention of the urine depending on the synergy of bladder smooth muscles and urethral sphincter. There can also be a condition where retention causes overflow incontinence. Retention of urine in this condition is caused by relative lack of contractility of bladder smooth muscles in response to the stretch reflex. As a result, there is no urge and therefore the bladder remains over-distended causing retention of urine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590346/associations-between-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-and-sarcopenia-among-postmenopausal-women
#15
Yu-Jin Kwon, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Yong-Jae Lee, Hye-Sun Lee, John A Linton, Jae Woo Lee, Hee-Taik Kang
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is an age-related process, leading to cardio-metabolic diseases and disabilities. High-risk drinking is also closely related to diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, which are modifiable risk factors for sarcopenia. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the association between alcohol-drinking patterns and sarcopenia in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: Data from 2,373 postmenopausal women were analyzed from the 2008 to 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
June 5, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588958/women-s-health-a-new-global-agenda
#16
Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward, Vivekanand Jha, Stephen Kennedy, Robyn Norton
Global efforts to improve the health of women largely focus on improving sexual and reproductive health. However, the global burden of disease has changed significantly over the past decades. Currently, the greatest burden of death and disability among women is attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), most notably cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, diabetes, dementia, depression and musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, to improve the health of women most efficiently, adequate resources need to be allocated to the prevention, management and treatment of NCDs in women...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588754/endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-in-mixture-and-obesity-diabetes-and-related-metabolic-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Brigitte Le Magueresse-Battistoni, Emmanuel Labaronne, Hubert Vidal, Danielle Naville
Obesity and associated metabolic disorders represent a major societal challenge in health and quality of life with large psychological consequences in addition to physical disabilities. They are also one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Although, different etiologic factors including excessive food intake and reduced physical activity have been well identified, they cannot explain the kinetics of epidemic evolution of obesity and diabetes with prevalence rates reaching pandemic proportions...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588657/analysis-of-hydrodilatation-as-part-of-a-combined-service-for-stiff-shoulder
#18
Rajendranath Sinha, Priyesh Patel, Nicky Rose, John Tuckett, Anurag N Banerjee, John Williams, Stephen Aldridge, Paul Stuart
BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis is a common cause of stiff shoulder and may result in pain and restriction of movement. The study aimed to investigate the role of hydrodilatation of the glenohumeral joint in the management of adhesive capsulitis. METHODS: Patients referred from the shoulder clinic underwent hydrodilatation under ultrasound guidance. Of 209 referred for hydrodilatation, 163 underwent the procedure and attended follow-up physiotherapy. Outcome measures were available for 118 patients (58 men and 60 women)...
July 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582654/can-present-biasedness-explain-early-onset-of-diabetes-and-subsequent-disease-progression-exploring-causal-inference-by-linking-survey-and-register-data
#19
Morten Raun Mørkbak, Dorte Gyrd-Hansen, Trine Kjær
Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity, disability, mortality and health care resource use. The increasing prevalence of diabetes may therefore have dramatic future consequences for western societies. Diabetes entails a significant self-management component and it has previously been estimated that people with diabetes provide about 95% of their own care. Despite increased focus, self-management skills including basic knowledge acquisition, problem solving and setting realistic goals are often not mastered...
May 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579510/an-examination-of-stroke-risk-and-burden-in-south-asians
#20
Vineeta Singh, Shyam Prabhakaran, Seemant Chaturvedi, Aneesh Singhal, Jeyaraj Pandian
BACKGROUND: South Asians (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) are at a disproportionately higher risk of stroke and heart disease due to their cardiometabolic profile. Despite evidence for a strong association between diabetes and stroke, and growing stroke risk in this ethnic minority-notwithstanding reports of higher stroke mortality irrespective of country of residence-the explanation for the excess risk of stroke remains unknown. METHODS: We have used extensive literature review, epidemiologic studies, morbidity and mortality records, and expert opinions to examine the burden of stroke among South Asians, and the risk factors identified thus far...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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