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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803172/influence-of-obesity-on-complications-clinical-outcome-and-subsidence-following-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-alif-prospective-observational-study
#1
Kevin Phan, Priya Rogers, Prashanth J Rao, Ralph J Mobbs
BACKGROUND: The complications associated with obesity have been well described for posterior lumbar spinal surgery. However, the influence of obesity on anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is not well established. We aimed to compare complication risks, functional outcomes and subsidence rates in normal, overweight and obese patients who underwent ALIF. METHODS: 137 consecutive patients undergoing ALIF surgery from 2012-2014 were prospectively followed. Patients were categorized into 3 groups according to their body mass index (BMI)...
August 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802895/physical-activity-and-obesity-among-nine-year-old-children-with-and-without-chronic-health-problems-illness-or-disabilities-in-ireland
#2
Justin A Haegele, Sean Healy, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: Regular engagement in physical activity can help youth control their weight during childhood while decreasing one's chances of developing chronic diseases (e.g., coronary heart disease, diabetes) throughout the lifespan. While numerous studies have explored physical activity participation and weight status among typically developing children, few epidemiological studies utilizing nationally representative data has focused on children with chronic health problems, illness, or disabilities (CHID)...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#3
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794518/pre-stroke-apathy-symptoms-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-delirium-in-stroke-patients
#4
Elzbieta Klimiec, Katarzyna Kowalska, Paulina Pasinska, Aleksandra Klimkowicz-Mrowiec, Aleksandra Szyper, Joanna Pera, Agnieszka Slowik, Tomasz Dziedzic
Neuropsychiatric symptoms can be interrelated to delirium. We aimed to investigate an association between pre-stroke neuropsychiatric symptoms and the risk of delirium in stroke patients. We included 606 patients (median age: 73, 53% female) with stroke or transient ischemic attack admitted within 48 hours from symptoms onset. We assessed delirium on a daily basis during the first 7 days of hospitalization. To make diagnosis of delirium we used DSM-5 criteria. We used Neuropsychiatric Inventory to assess neuropsychiatric symptoms occurring within 4 weeks prior to stroke...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790541/critical-carotid-artery-stenosis-in-coronary-and-non-coronary-patients-frequency-of-risk-factors
#5
Haris Vranic, Amel Hadzimehmedagic, Ilirijana Haxibeqiri-Karabdic, Ermina Mujacic, Muhamed Djedovic
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is one of the largest socio medical problems of modern times. In addition to the third leading cause of death, it is the first cause of non-trauma disability. Numerous studies show a correlation of risk factors and arteriosclerotic lesions in the coronary arteries and carotid arteries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Study was conducted at the Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Clinic for Cardiology surgery, methodologically cross-sectional study and partly manipulative and clinical prevention study, conducted on a representative sample of 100 patients...
April 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776240/diabetes-mellitus-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#6
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to update our previous publication on the burden of diabetes and chronic kidney disease due to diabetes (CKD-DM) during 1990-2015. METHODS: We extracted GBD 2015 estimates for prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of diabetes (including burden of low vision due to diabetes, neuropathy, and amputations and CKD-DM for 22 countries of the EMR from the GBD visualization tools...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776238/danger-ahead-the-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015
#7
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. METHODS: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. RESULTS: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25% for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42% for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775179/health-and-economic-benefits-of-reducing-sugar-intake-in-the-usa-including-effects-via-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-microsimulation-model
#8
Rick A Vreman, Alex J Goodell, Luis A Rodriguez, Travis C Porco, Robert H Lustig, James G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: Excessive consumption of added sugars in the human diet has been associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), coronary heart disease (CHD) and other elements of the metabolic syndrome. Recent studies have shown that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a critical pathway to metabolic syndrome. This model assesses the health and economic benefits of interventions aimed at reducing intake of added sugars. METHODS: Using data from US National Health Surveys and current literature, we simulated an open cohort, for the period 2015-2035...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#9
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770010/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-perception-and-behavior-of-patients-towards-diabetes-management-with-physical-disability
#10
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Y Saad
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: Interview sessions were conducted at diabetes clinic-Penang general hospital. The invited participants represented three major ethnic groups of Malaysia (Malay, Chinese and Indians). An open-ended approach was used to elicit answers from participants. Interview questions were related to participant's perception towards self-monitoring blood glucose practices, Awareness towards diet management, behaviour to diabetes medication and cues of action...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767521/disabling-central-paroxysmal-positioning-upbeat-nystagmus-and-vertigo-associated-with-the-presence-of-anti-glutamic-acid-decarboxylase-antibodies
#11
Ana I Martins, João N Carvalho, Ana M Amorim, Argemiro Geraldo, Eric Eggenberger, João Lemos
An immune attack by anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibodies is believed to cause a deficiency in gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated neurotransmission in the cerebellum. This, in turn, leads to several eye movement disorders, including spontaneous downbeat (DBN) and periodic alternating nystagmus. We describe a 68-year-old diabetic woman with disabling paroxysmal positioning upbeat nystagmus (UBN) exclusively in the supine position, associated with asymptomatic spontaneous DBN, alternating skew deviation and hyperactive vestibulo-ocular reflex responses on head impulse testing, in whom high titers of anti-GAD antibodies were detected...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761519/comparison-of-postoperative-clinical-outcome-after-repairing-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-between-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients
#12
Tahmineh Afsharian, Shirzad Azhari, Babak Mostafazadeh
BACKGROUND: Poorer postoperative outcome is suggested after repairing surgery in diabetic patients with lumbar spinal stenosis in comparison with nondiabetic patients. The present study aimed to compare the clinical outcome of surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis and diabetic and nondiabetic patients to highlight the effect of diabetes on prognosis of this surgical procedure. METHODS: This prospective cohort study is conducted on 25 diabetic patients with lumbar spinal stenosis who were candidate for surgical treatment...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760083/understanding-ageing-fear-of-chronic-diseases-later-in-life
#13
Halimah Awang, Norma Mansor, Tey Nai Peng, Nik Ainoon Nik Osman
Objectives Ageing is often associated with deteriorating mental and physical health and the need for long-term care, creating a fear of ageing. We investigated what people fear most in terms of disabling chronic diseases and their concerns regarding having long-term illnesses. Methods Data were obtained from an online survey of 518 respondents aged 40 years and older residing in Malaysia, which was based on a convenience sample collected in May 2015 to January 2016. Data were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multinomial logistic regression...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759189/carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-plaque-free-area-carotid-plaque-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-high-risk-population-of-north-china
#14
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Stroke is the leading cause of mortality and acquired disability in adults in China. In this study, we investigated the role of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaques in new ischemic stroke of high-risk population in North China. METHODS: The study was conducted in 4 towns in North China area. Subjects with three or more cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia (or unknown), diabetes mellitus, currently smoking, over weight, family history of stroke, with a history of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and ischemic stroke were included in this study...
July 31, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747453/serum-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-levels-and-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#15
Chongke Zhong, Jingyuan Yang, Tan Xu, Tian Xu, Yanbo Peng, Aili Wang, Jinchao Wang, Hao Peng, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between serum matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) levels and prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We measured serum MMP-9 levels in 3,186 participants (2,008 men and 1,178 women) from the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke (CATIS). Study outcome data on death, major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3), and vascular disease were collected at 3 months after stroke onset. RESULTS: During 3 months of follow-up, 767 participants (24...
July 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744225/is-it-time-to-begin-a-public-campaign-concerning-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-review-article
#16
REVIEW
Jerzy Sacha, Magdalena Sacha, Jacek Soboń, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Piotr Feusette
Frailty is a state that encompasses losses in physical, psychological or social domains. Therefore, frail people demonstrate a reduced potential to manage external stressors and to respond to life incidents. Consequently, such persons are prone to various adverse consequences such as falls, cognitive decline, infections, hospitalization, disability, institutionalization, and death. Pre-frailty is a condition predisposing and usually preceding the frailty state. Early detection of frailty (i.e., pre-frailty) may present an opportunity to introduce effective management to improve outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738686/disparities-in-diabetes-and-hypertension-care-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness
#17
Junqing Liu, Jonathan Brown, Suzanne Morton, D E B Potter, Lisa Patton, Milesh Patel, Rita Lewis, Sarah Hudson Scholle
OBJECTIVES: People with serious mental illnesses (SMI), including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression, experience early mortality, partly due to comorbid physical health conditions such as diabetes and hypertension. This study examined the quality of diabetes and hypertension care for Medicaid and Medicare enrollees with SMI. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records and claims data from 3 health plans: a Medicaid plan for disabled adults, a Medicaid plan for low-income adults, and a Special Needs Plan for individuals dually enrolled in Medicaid and Medicare...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737117/prevalence-and-correlates-of-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-in-older-adults-results-from-the-well-being-of-the-singapore-elderly-wise-study
#18
Laxman Cetty, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Boon Yiang Chua, Louisa Picco, Martin Prince, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Older adults are among the most susceptible to sustain traumatic brain injury (TBI). The study aimed to determine the (1) prevalence of TBI among older adults in Singapore, and (2) socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical correlates of TBI. METHODS: Data were extracted from the cross-sectional, Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study. The study included 2,565 participants aged 60 years and above (Mean = 72.75, SD = 9.54). Information on TBI, socio-demographic, and lifestyle factors were collected using participant self-report and verified with the informant report where necessary...
July 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736506/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732542/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#20
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
July 21, 2017: Population Health Metrics
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