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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245147/levels-of-trace-elements-methylmercury-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-foraging-green-turtles-in-the-south-china-region-and-their-conservation-implications
#1
Connie Ka Yan Ng, James Chung Wah Lam, Xiao Hua Zhang, He Xiang Gu, Tsung Hsien Li, Min Bin Ye, Zhong Rong Xia, Fei Yan Zhang, Jin Xia Duan, Wen Xiong Wang, Isaac Kam Sum Lam, George H Balazs, Paul K S Lam, Margaret B Murphy
Sea turtles are globally endangered and face daily anthropogenic threats, including pollution. However, there is a lack of ecotoxicological information on sea turtles, especially in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aims to determine pollutant levels of foraging green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in South China, including Hong Kong, Guangdong and Taiwan, as a basis for their conservation. Scute, liver and muscle tissues of stranded green turtles were analysed for levels of 17 trace elements and methylmercury (MeHg) (n = 86 for scute and n = 14 for liver) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (n = 11 for muscle and n = 13 for liver)...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244815/analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-taiwanese-freeze-dried-neurotoxic-antivenom-against-naja-kaouthia-naja-siamensis-and-ophiophagus-hannah-through-proteomics-and-animal-model-approaches
#2
Chien-Chun Liu, Chen-Hsien You, Po-Jung Wang, Jau-Song Yu, Guo-Jen Huang, Chien-Hsin Liu, Wen-Chin Hsieh, Chih-Chuan Lin
In Southeast Asia, envenoming resulting from cobra snakebites is an important public health issue in many regions, and antivenom therapy is the standard treatment for the snakebite. Because these cobras share a close evolutionary history, the amino acid sequences of major venom components in different snakes are very similar. Therefore, either monovalent or polyvalent antivenoms may offer paraspecific protection against envenomation of humans by several different snakes. In Taiwan, a bivalent antivenom-freeze-dried neurotoxic antivenom (FNAV)-against Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra is available...
December 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243539/the-influence-of-neighbor-effect-and-urbanization-toward-organ-donation-in-thailand
#3
Kua Wongboonsin, Pavitra Jindahra, Surat Teerakapibal
INTRODUCTION: Toward population wellness, an extreme scarcity of organ supply is proven to be an enormous hindrance. Preferences toward organ donation are vital to raise the organ donation rate. Notably, the area people live in can address the social influence on individual preference toward organ donation. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: This article studies the impact of the neighbor effect on organ donation decisions, addressing the social influence of urbanization on preferences...
January 1, 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242466/two-new-species-of-the-genus-i-plusiodonta-i-guen%C3%A3-e-1852-from-southeast-asia-lepidoptera-erebidae-calpinae
#4
G Behounek, V S Kononenko, M J Pellinen
Two new species of the genus Plusiodonta Guenée, 1852, Plusiodonta pasi sp. n. and Plusiodonta stumpfi sp. n. are described from Thailand and Philippines. The distribution of Plusiodonta calcaurea Holloway, 2005 in Southeast Asia is clarified. The adult and genitalia of referred species as well as male and female of Plusiodonta coenolota (Kollar, 1844) are illustrated. The checklist the genus Plusiodonta over the World is presented.
October 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241911/a-comparison-of-mean-corpuscular-volume-mcv-between-thalassemia-carrier-and-non-thalassemia-carrier-pregnant-women-receiving-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-haart
#5
Yada Thongyou, Fuanglada Tongprasert
OBJECTIVE: HIV-infected treatment with antiretroviral drugs is one of the common causes of macrocytosis. In patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) can be shifted from microcytic to normocytic or macrocytic after treatment and significantly affected the thalassemia screening. This study aimed to compare MCV between thalassemia-carrier and non-thalassemia-carrier antiretroviral drug-naïve, HIV-infected, pregnant women receiving HAART...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241674/ethnomedicinal-plant-diversity-in-thailand
#6
Methee Phumthum, Kamonnate Srithi, Angkhana Inta, Auemporn Junsongduang, Kornkanok Tangjitman, Wittaya Pongamornkul, Chusie Trisonthi, Henrik Balslev
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants have provided medicine to humans for thousands of years, and in most parts of the world people still use traditional plant-derived medicine. Knowledge related to traditional use provides an important alternative to unavailable or expensive western medicine in many rural communities. At the same time, ethnomedicinal discoveries are valuable for the development of modern medicine. Unfortunately, globalization and urbanization causes the disappearance of much traditional medicinal plant knowledge...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241658/spatiotemporal-bayesian-networks-for-malaria-prediction
#7
Peter Haddawy, A H M Imrul Hasan, Rangwan Kasantikul, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Patiwat Sa-Angchai, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Pratap Singhasivanon
Targeted intervention and resource allocation are essential for effective malaria control, particularly in remote areas, with predictive models providing important information for decision making. While a diversity of modeling technique have been used to create predictive models of malaria, no work has made use of Bayesian networks. Bayes nets are attractive due to their ability to represent uncertainty, model time lagged and nonlinear relations, and provide explanations. This paper explores the use of Bayesian networks to model malaria, demonstrating the approach by creating village level models with weekly temporal resolution for Tha Song Yang district in northern Thailand...
December 11, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240545/screen-viewing-time-and-externalising-problems-in-pre-school-children-in-northern-thailand
#8
Supakanya Tansriratanawong, Orawan Louthrenoo, Weerasak Chonchaiya, Chawanan Charnsil
OBJECTIVES: There are increasing reports of younger children accessing media and screen. This study aims to describe screen use in pre-school children and its association with externalising problems. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of pre-schoolers aged two to five years was conducted. Their caregivers were asked to provide data regarding screen use by their children and themselves. The Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) was completed by caregivers to assess their child's behaviour...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240263/cytochemical-flow-analysis-of-intracellular-g6pd-and-aggregate-analysis-of-mosaic-g6pd-expression
#9
Michael Kalnoky, Germana Bancone, Maria Kahn, Cindy S Chu, Nongnud Chowwiwat, Pornpimon Wilaisrisak, Sampa Pal, Nicole LaRue, Brandon Leader, Francois Nosten, Gonzalo J Domingo
BACKGROUND: Medicines that exert oxidative pressure on red blood cells (RBC) can cause severe hemolysis in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Due to X-chromosome inactivation, females heterozygous for G6PD with one allele encoding a G6PD deficient protein and the other a normal protein produce two RBC populations each expressing exclusively one allele. The G6PD mosaic is not captured with routine G6PD tests. METHODS: An open-source software tool for G6PD cytofluorometric data interpretation is described...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236783/nutrition-label-experience-obesity-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-lipids-in-a-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#10
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Martyn Kirk, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. Our objective was to investigate the associations between nutrition label experience, obesity and nutrient-related NCDs in Thai consumers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with a nationwide cohort of 42,750 distance learning Thai adult students enrolled in an Open University in 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235417/south-south-cross-border-patient-travel-to-south-africa
#11
Abel Chikanda, Jonathan Crush
This paper explores intra-regional South-South cross-border patient travel within the context of Southern Africa. South Africa, in particular, has been widely touted as one of the emerging destinations of high-end patients from the Global North alongside other destinations such as Brazil, India, Costa Rica and Thailand. Using South Africa as a case study, the paper demonstrates that South-South cross-border patient travel is far more significant than North-South patient travel both in numerical and financial terms...
December 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234358/hearing-loss-screening-tool-cobra-score-for-newborns-in-primary-care-setting
#12
Watcharapol Poonual, Niramon Navacharoen, Jaran Kangsanarak, Sirianong Namwongprom, Surasak Saokaew
Purpose: To develop and evaluate a simple screening tool to assess hearing loss in newborns. A derived score was compared with the standard clinical practice tool. Methods: This cohort study was designed to screen the hearing of newborns using transiently evoked otoacoustic emission and auditory brain stem response, and to determine the risk factors associated with hearing loss of newborns in 3 tertiary hospitals in Northern Thailand. Data were prospectively collected from November 1, 2010 to May 31, 2012...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233284/development-and-evaluation-of-an-overseas-clinical-rotation-program-for-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-in-japan
#13
Hisakazu Ohtani, Rieko Mitsui, Takeshi Akiyoshi, Ayuko Imaoka, Yoshihiro Abe, Motoko Kanke, Tomonori Nakamura, Patrick Foster, Mayumi Mochizuki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Internationalization of pharmacists, as well as pharmacy students, in terms of both the knowledge to care for international patients and to have medical information literacy, is a current concern in Japan. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Keio University Faculty of Pharmacy has developed an elective course for pharmacy students, based on written agreements with the United States and Thailand that establish a student clinical rotation exchange program...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232958/architect-hiv-combo-ag-ab%C3%A2-and-realtime%C3%A2-hiv-1-assays-detect-diverse-hiv-strains-in-clinical-specimens
#14
Mary A Rodgers, Ana S Vallari, Julie Yamaguchi, Vera Holzmayer, Barbara Harris, Coumba Toure-Kane, Souleymane M'Boup, Samar Badreddine, Carole McArthur, Nicaise Ndembi, Dora Ngum Mbanya, Lazare Kaptué, Gavin Cloherty
Periodic evaluation of the impact of viral diversity on diagnostic tests is critical to ensure current technologies are keeping pace with viral evolution. To determine whether HIV diversity impacts the ARCHITECT HIV Combo Ag/Ab (HIV Combo) or RealTime HIV-1 (RT) assays, a set of N=199 HIV clinical specimens from Cameroon, Senegal, Saudi Arabia, and Thailand were sequenced and tested in both assays. The panel included historical Group N and P specimens and a newly identified Group N specimen. These and specimens classified as H, U/URF, CRF01, 02, 06, 09, 11, 13, 18, 22, 37, and 43 were detected by both the RT assay (1...
December 12, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232462/incidence-and-spectrum-of-health-problems-among-travellers-to-myanmar
#15
Jutarmas Olanwijitwong, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Thitiya Ponam, Preechapol Puengpholpool, Chollasap Sharma, Lapakorn Chatapat, Vichan Pawan, Chatporn Kittitrakul, Watcharapong Piyaphanee
Background: The number of international travellers visiting Myanmar increases each year. However, information about pre-travel preparation and incidence of health problems among these travellers is limited. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at three international airports in Thailand. Travellers returning from Myanmar completed questionnaires querying demographic profile, pre-travel health preparations and health problems during their stay in Myanmar...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229570/medicinal-plants-used-for-hypertension-treatment-by-folk-healers-in-songkhla-province-thailand
#16
Oratai Neamsuvan, Panadda Komonhiran, Kamonvadee Boonming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hypertension is the most dominant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular, kidney, and eye diseases. In Thailand, illness and hospitalisation in the modern public health system due to high blood pressure is increasing. However, some Thai people have turned their attention to the use of herbal medicines for healthcare. Therefore, this study aimed (1) to study the folk knowledge of hypertension treatment and (2) to study plant utilisation in the treatment of high blood pressure by Songkhla folk healers...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228787/health-promotion-potential-of-vegetables-cultivated-in-northern-thailand-a-preliminary-screening-of-tannin-and-flavonoid-contents-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibition-astringent-activity-and-antioxidant-activities
#17
Naphatsorn Kumar, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
Many of scientific evidences suggest that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables can prevent chronic diseases. In Northern Thailand, there are many vegetables that are usually consumed by local people. In this study, 17 local vegetables were selected and extracted with 95% ethanol. The extracts were screened for 5α-reductase inhibitory activity, total tannin and flavonoid contents, astringent and antioxidant activities. The results showed that Spondias pinnata and Ocimum americanum had the highest tannin and flavonoid content, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228130/acute-retroviral-syndrome-is-associated-with-high-viral-burden-cd4-depletion-and-immune-activation-in-systemic-and-tissue-compartments
#18
Trevor A Crowell, Donn J Colby, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, James L K Fletcher, Eugène Kroon, Alexandra Schuetz, Shelly J Krebs, Bonnie M Slike, Louise Leyre, Nicolas Chomont, Linda L Jagodzinski, Irini Sereti, Netanya S Utay, Robin Dewar, Rungsun Rerknimitr, Nitiya Chomchey, Rapee Trichavaroj, Victor G Valcour, Serena Spudich, Nelson L Michael, Merlin L Robb, Nittaya Phanuphak, Jintanat Ananworanich
Background: Many individuals with acute HIV infection (AHI) experience acute retroviral syndrome (ARS), which is associated with adverse long-term clinical outcomes. We characterized clinical, virologic, and immunologic features of ARS and described the impact of early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. Methods: Participants presenting for voluntary HIV testing were enrolled during AHI in Bangkok, Thailand. ARS was defined by ≥3 qualifying signs/symptoms...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#19
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227211/babesia-occurrence-in-rodents-in-relation-to-landscapes-of-mainland-southeast-asia
#20
Anamika Karnchanabanthoeng, Serge Morand, Sathaporn Jittapalapong, Bernard Carcy
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between habitat structure and Babesia spp. occurrence in rodents in mainland Southeast Asia. Of 1439 rodents and insectivores investigated, the protist Babesia was found in only 81 individuals (5.6% of the micromammals investigated) with Babesia microti U.S. type the more prevalent (4.1%), followed by the B. microti Kobe type (1.2%), and by the very rare Babesia BiCM002 (0.04%). We used georeferenced data of rodents analyzed for Babesia infection and land cover maps produced for the seven study sites in Thailand, Cambodia, and Lao PDR, where they were collected...
December 11, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
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