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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055177/pesticide-management-approach-towards-protecting-the-safety-and-health-of-farmers-in-southeast-asia
#1
REVIEW
Norsyazwani Mohammad, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Vivien How, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Zailina Hashim
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that pesticide production and use have increased continuously in the countries of Southeast Asia in recent years. Within the context of protecting the safety and health of workers in the agricultural sector, there is an existing gap in the implementation of the pesticide management framework because safety and health effects arising from occupational exposures continue to be reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide narrative similarities, differences and weaknesses of the existing pesticide management system in Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) within the context of occupational safety and health...
October 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054516/eye-lens-dosimetry-and-the-study-on-radiation-cataract-in-interventional-cardiologists
#2
Kosuke Matsubara, Vorarit Lertsuwunseri, Suphot Srimahachota, Anchali Krisanachinda, Wasee Tulvatana, Bharkbhum Khambhiphant, Waraporn Sudchai, Madan Rehani
PURPOSE: To determine the eye lens dose of the Interventional Cardiology (IC) personnel using optically stimulated luminescent dosimeter (OSLD) and the prevalence and risk of radiation - associated lens opacities in Thailand. METHODS AND RESULTS: 48 IC staff, with age- and sex- matches 37 unexposed controls obtained eye examines. Posterior lens change was graded using a modified Merriam-Focht technique by two independent ophthalmologists. Occupational exposure (mSv) was measured in 42 IC staff, using 2 OSLD badges place at inside lead apron and at collar...
October 17, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051642/microbiological-and-chemical-changes-of-shrimp-acetes-vulgaris-during-kapi-production
#3
Jaksuma Pongsetkul, Soottawat Benjakul, Kitiya Vongkamjan, Punnanee Sumpavapol, Kazufumi Osako
Microbiological and chemical changes in shrimp Acetes vulgaris during production of Kapi (salted shrimp paste of Thailand) including salting, drying and fermentation were monitored. Moisture content of samples decreased rapidly after salting and drying steps. The lower water activity was found in the final product (0.694). The pH decreased within the first 10 days of fermentation and continuously increased as fermentation progressed. Protein underwent degradation throughout Kapi production as indicated by increasing TCA-soluble peptides and degree of hydrolysis...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048407/pulse-oximetry-screening-for-critical-congenital-heart-diseases-at-two-different-hospital-settings-in-thailand
#4
P Nuntnarumit, P Thanomsingh, A Limrungsikul, S Wanitkun, T Sirisopikun, P Ausayapao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive abilities of pulse oximetry screening (POS) for critical congenital heart disease (CRIT.CHD) at two different hospital settings in Thailand. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted in healthy newborns at Ramathibodi Hospital (RH), a university hospital and Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital (MH), a regional hospital. Positive POS was defined as oxygen saturation (SpO2) <95% or difference between pre- and postductal SpO2 >3%...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047316/molecular-analysis-of-haemoglobin-e-in-southeast-asian-populations
#5
Wittaya Jomoui, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Nga Thi Nguyen, Hoa Van Nguyen, Supan Fucharoen
Haemoglobin (Hb) E is the most common Hb variant in Asia where its gene frequency approaches 0.3 in some areas. We studied genetic background of Hb E genes among Southeast Asian populations. This study examined β-globin gene haplotypes linked to haemoglobin E (Hb E) in diverse groups of Southeast Asian populations. The study was conducted on southern Thai (22 alleles), Cambodian (84 alleles), Laotian (120 alleles), Vietnamese (87 alleles) and Burmese (one allele) subjects. Results were compared with those of previous studies in northeast Thailand, the Yunnan of China, West India and Europe...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047004/age-patterns-in-risk-taking-across-the-world
#6
Natasha Duell, Laurence Steinberg, Grace Icenogle, Jason Chein, Nandita Chaudhary, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Kostas A Fanti, Jennifer E Lansford, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Liane Peña Alampay, Suha M Al-Hassan, Hanan M S Takash, Dario Bacchini, Lei Chang
Epidemiological data indicate that risk behaviors are among the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality worldwide. Consistent with this, laboratory-based studies of age differences in risk behavior allude to a peak in adolescence, suggesting that adolescents demonstrate a heightened propensity, or inherent inclination, to take risks. Unlike epidemiological reports, studies of risk taking propensity have been limited to Western samples, leaving questions about the extent to which heightened risk taking propensity is an inherent or culturally constructed aspect of adolescence...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046726/helicobacter-pylori-virulence-genes-of-minor-ethnic-groups-in-north-thailand
#7
Phawinee Subsomwong, Muhammad Miftahussurur, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Rumiko Suzuki, Junko Akada, Tomohisa Uchida, Varocha Mahachai, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: There are few studies analyzed concurrently the prevalence and genotypes of Helicobacter pylori infection with the ancestor origins from different ethnics, especially with including minority groups. We recruited a total of 289 patients in MaeSot, Thailand (154 Thai, 14 Thai-Chinese, 29 Karen and 92 Hmong ethnics). The virulence genes and genealogy of the strains were determined by PCR-based sequencing. RESULTS: Based on culture and histology/immunohistochemistry, the prevalence of H...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044947/partial-characterization-of-phylogeny-ecology-and-function-of-the-fibrolytic-bacterium-ruminococcus-flavefaciens%C3%A2-os14-newly-isolated-from-the-rumen-of-swamp-buffalo
#8
Phoompong Boonsaen, Madoka Kinjo, Suriya Sawanon, Yutaka Suzuki, Satoshi Koike, Yasuo Kobayashi
The fibrolytic rumen bacterium Ruminococcus flavefaciensOS14 was isolated from swamp buffalo and its phylogenetic, ecological and digestive properties were partially characterized. Isolates from rumen contents of four swamp buffalo were screened for fibrolytic bacteria; one of the 40 isolates showed a distinctive feature of solubilizing cellulose powder in liquid culture and was identified as R. flavefaciens based on its 16S ribosomal DNA sequence. This isolate, OS14, was employed for detection and digestion studies, for which a quantitative PCR assay was developed and defined cultures were tested with representative forages in Thailand...
October 17, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043951/verrucosispora-endophytica-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-root-of-wild-orchid-grosourdya-appendiculata-blume-rchb-f
#9
Wipaporn Ngaemthao, Tawanmol Pujchakarn, Suwanee Chunhametha, Chanwit Suriyachadkun
A novel endophytic filamentous bacterium strain A-T 7972(T), was isolated from wild orchid Grosourdya appendiculata (Blume) Rchb.f. collected in Thailand. The bacterium developed single non-motile spores with warty surface on substrate mycelia. The taxonomic position was described using a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain A-T 7972(T) belonged to the genus Verrucosispora and shared the highest sequence similarity with V. lutea YIM 013(T) (98.71 %) and V...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040162/aids-defining-events-and-deaths-in-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-on-antiretrovirals-a-14-year-study-in-thailand
#10
Patrinee Traisathit, Tristan Delory, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Rosalin Somsamai, Pornchai Techakunakorn, Sookchai Theansavettrakul, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Jutarat Mekmullica, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Sathaporn Na-Rajsima, Marc Lallemant, Tim R Cressey, Gonzague Jourdain, Intira Jeannie Collins, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce on the long-term clinical outcomes of perinatally HIV-infected children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low/middle-income countries. We assessed the incidence of mortality before (early) and after (late) 6-month of ART and of the composite outcome of new/recurrent AIDS-defining-event or death >6 months after ART start (late AIDS/death) and their associated factors. METHODS: Study population was perinatally HIV-infected children (≤18 years) initiating ART within the Program for HIV Prevention and Treatment observational cohort (NCT00433030)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038702/the-effect-of-teucrium-polium-on-the-duration-of-menstrual-bleeding-a-triple-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Abadian Khadige, Zohre Keshavarz, Faraz Mojab, Hamid Alavi Majd
BACKGROUND: Teucrium polium (T. polium; locally called 'kalpooreh') is a herbal medicine with therapeutic effects against diabetes and fungal infections, and it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects as well. It is also used traditionally as a remedy in treating headache, dysmenorrhea, convulsions and gastrointestinal disorders. Moreover, its hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and antibacterial effects have been reported in recent studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of T...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038098/tackling-regional-public-health-issues-using-mobile-health-technology-event-report-of-an-mhealth-hackathon-in-thailand
#12
Atipong Pathanasethpong, Chitsutha Soomlek, Katharine Morley, Michael Morley, Pattarawit Polpinit, Alon Dagan, James W Weis, Leo Anthony Celi
Hackathons are intense, short, collaborative events focusing on solving real world problems through interdisciplinary teams. This is a report of the mHealth hackathon hosted by Khon Kaen University in collaboration with MIT Sana and faculty members from Harvard Medical School with the aim to improve health care delivery in the Northeast region of Thailand. Key health challenges, such as improving population health literacy, tracking disease trajectory and outcomes among rural communities, and supporting the workflow of overburdened frontline providers, were addressed using mHealth...
October 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037108/a-workplace-intervention-program-and-the-increase-in-hiv-knowledge-perceived-accessibility-and-use-of-condoms-among-young-factory-workers-in-thailand
#13
Aphichat Chamratrithirong, Kathleen Ford, Sureeporn Punpuing, Pramote Prasartkul
Vulnerability to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection among factory workers is a global problem. This study investigated the effectiveness of an intervention to increase AIDS knowledge, perceived accessibility to condoms and condom use among young factory workers in Thailand. The intervention was a workplace program designed to engage the private sector in HIV prevention. A cross-sectional survey conducted in 2008 to measure program outcomes in factories in Thailand was used in this study. The workplace intervention included the development of policies for management of HIV-positive employees, training sessions for managers and workers, and distribution of educational materials and condoms...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#14
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036178/substantial-population-structure-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-thailand-facilitates-identification-of-the-sources-of-residual-transmission
#15
Veerayuth Kittichai, Cristian Koepfli, Wang Nguitragool, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Liwang Cui
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax transmission in Thailand has been substantially reduced over the past 10 years, yet it remains highly endemic along international borders. Understanding the genetic relationship of residual parasite populations can help track the origins of the parasites that are reintroduced into malaria-free regions within the country. METHODOLOGY/RESULTS: A total of 127 P. vivax isolates were genotyped from two western provinces (Tak and Kanchanaburi) and one eastern province (Ubon Ratchathani) of Thailand using 10 microsatellite markers...
October 16, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035847/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-bovine-cryptosporidium-from-dairy-cows-in-northern-thailand
#16
Tawin Inpankaew, Tawisa Jiyipong, Chainirun Sunanta, Chanya Kengradomkij, Nongnuch Pinyopanuwat, Sathaporn Jittapalapong
Cryptosporidiosis is a common protozoan infection in humans and domestic animals. It is the culprit for significant neonatal morbidity in cattle as well as weight loss and delayed growth, which leads to large economic losses in the farming industry. Furthermore, bovine Cryptosporidium is also a principal source of human Cryptosporidium infections. The purpose of this study is to determine prevalence and genotype of Cryptosporidium spp. from feces of dairy cows from the northern parts of Thailand (Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai, and Lumpang provinces)...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034308/cost-effectiveness-analysis-study-of-hpv-testing-as-a-primary-cervical-cancer-screening-in-thailand
#17
Wichai Termrungruanglert, Nipon Khemapech, Tanitra Tantitamit, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Piyalamporn Havanond, Piyawat Laowahutanont
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the cost and benefit of four different cervical cancer screening strategies involving primary HPV 16/18 genotyping, hrHPV testing alone and cytology for detecting CIN2 +. METHODS: Economical analysis using Markov modeling approach to combine the epidemiological data from current population-based study of The National Cancer Institute of Thailand. A cohort of 100,000 hypothetical female population age 30-65 years was simulated in each strategy...
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034076/accessibility-to-health-services-among-migrant-workers-in-the-northeast-of-thailand
#18
Suprawee Khongthanachayopit, Wongsa Laohasiriwong
Background. There is an increasing trend of trans-border migration from neighboring countries to Thailand. According to human rights laws, everyone must have access to health services, even if they are from other nationalities.  However, a small minority of health personnel in Thailand discriminate against immigrant workers, as they are from a lower financial bracket. Methods. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence of accessibility to health services and factors associated with access to health services among migrant workers who work along the Northeast border of Thailand...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032722/comparison-of-fermented-animal-feed-and-mushroom-growth-media-as-two-value-added-options-for-waste-cassava-pulp-management
#19
Sivalee Trakulvichean, Pawinee Chaiprasert, Julia Otmakhova, Warinthorn Songkasiri
Cassava is one of the main processed crops in Thailand, but this generates large amounts (7.3 million tons in 2015) of waste cassava pulp (WCP). The solid WCP is sold directly to farmers or pulp-drying companies at a low cost to reduce the burden of on-site waste storage. Using an integrated direct and environmental cost model, fermented animal feed and mushroom growth media were compared as added-value waste management alternatives for WCP to mitigate environmental problems. Primary and secondary data were collected from the literature, field data, and case studies...
October 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032656/haemoproteus-in-barn-owls-and-collared-scops-owls-from-thailand
#20
Chaleow Salakij, Pornchai Pornpanom, Preeda Lertwatcharasarakul, Chaiyan Kasorndorkbua, Jarernsak Salakij
The barn owl (BO) and collared scops owl (CSO) are nocturnal raptors commonly found throughout Thailand. Little is known about the hemoparasites found in these 2 species of owls in Thailand. Blood samples from 23 adult BOs and 14 CSOs were collected and processed for complete blood cell counts and parasite morphological examinations. Two Haemoproteus-positive samples were processed for ultrastructural observations. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for a partial cytochrome b gene (cytb) from Haemoproteus was performed in all samples...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
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