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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909267/comparison-of-green-pit-viper-and-agkistrodon-halys-antivenom-in-inhibition-of-coagulopathy-due-to-trimeresurus-albolabris-venom-an-in-vitro-study-using-human-plasma
#1
S K Lam, S F Yip, P Crow, H T Fung, J Mh Cheng, K S Tan, O F Wong, D Yt Yeung, Y K Wong, K M Poon, G Ades
INTRODUCTION: There are two antivenoms that may be administered in Hong Kong following a bite by Trimeresurus albolabris: the green pit viper antivenom from the Thai Red Cross Society in Thailand and the Agkistrodon halys antivenom from the Shanghai Institute of Biological Products in China. Both are recommended by the Central Coordinating Committee of Accident and Emergency Services of the Hospital Authority for treating patients with a bite by Trimeresurus albolabris. The choice of which antivenom to use is based on physician preference...
December 2, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906980/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-in-lowland-thai-youth-and-ethnic-minorities-attending-high-school-in-rural-chiang-mai-thailand
#2
Linda Aurpibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Surapee Tarnkehard
INTRODUCTION: The rural areas of Northern Thailand are home to a large cultural diversity of ethnic minority groups. Previous studies have shown that young people in rural Thailand have low levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and high sexual risks. We compared sexual behaviors between the lowland Thai youth and the youth from ethnic minority groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted among high-school Thai and ethnic students in Chiang Mai...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906814/prevalence-and-visual-outcome-of-glaucoma-with-uveitis-in-a-thai-population
#3
Kessara Pathanapitoon, Sarunya Smitharuck, Paradee Kunavisarut, Aniki Rothova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report on the prevalence of uveitic secondary glaucoma (USG) and ocular hypertension in patients with uveitis in Thailand, and to identify factors associated with the development of USG and its visual outcome. DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We included 174 consecutive uveitis patients (237 affected eyes) visiting the Ophthalmology Department of Chiang Mai University Hospital, Thailand, from January 2013 to March 2013...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905960/improving-the-measurement-of-maternal-mortality-in-thailand-using-multiple-data-sources
#4
Worawan Chandoevwit, Phasith Phatchana, Kanjana Sirigomon, Kunakorn Ieawsuwan, Jutatip Thungthong, Saray Ruangdej
BACKGROUND: Thailand uses cause of death records in civil registration to summarize maternal mortality statistics. A report by the Department of Health using the Reproductive Age Mortality Studies (RAMOS) reported that the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in 1997 was approximately three to four times higher than MMR based on the civil registration cause of death records. Here, we used multiple data sources to systematically measure maternal mortality in Thailand and showed a disparity between age groups and regions...
May 4, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905890/low-and-declining-attack-rates-of-imported-typhoid-fever-in-the-netherlands-1997-2014-in-spite-of-a-restricted-vaccination-policy
#5
F S T Suryapranata, M Prins, G J B Sonder
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever mainly occurs in (sub) tropical regions where sanitary conditions remain poor. In other regions it occurs mainly among returning travelers or their direct contacts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current Dutch guidelines for typhoid vaccination. METHOD: Crude annual attack rates (AR) per 100,000 Dutch travelers were calculated during the period 1997 to 2014 by dividing the number of typhoid fever cases by the estimated total number of travelers to a specific country or region...
December 1, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903416/post-licensure-phase-iv-safety-study-of-a-live-attenuated-japanese-encephalitis-recombinant-vaccine-in-children-in-thailand
#6
Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Pornpimol Pruekprasert, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Auchara Tangsathapornpong, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Pope Kosalaraksa, Olarn Prommalikit, Suwimon Tangkittithaworn, Phirangkul Kerdpanich, Chonnamet Techasaensiri, Joanna Korejwo, Sunate Chuenkitmongkol, Guy Houillon
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in most countries in Asia. A recombinant live, attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine, JE-CV, is licensed in 14 countries, including Thailand, for the prevention of Japanese encephalitis in adults and children. METHODS: This was a prospective, phase IV, open-label, multicentre, safety study of JE-CV conducted from November 2013 to April 2015, to evaluate rare serious adverse events (AEs)...
November 28, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903058/space-time-epidemiology-and-effect-of-meteorological-parameters-on-influenza-like-illness-in-phitsanulok-a-northern-province-in-thailand
#7
Prakash Madhav Nimbalkar, Nitin Kumar Tripathi
Influenza-like illness (ILI) is an acute respiratory disease that remains a public health concern for its ability to circulate globally affecting any age group and gender causing serious illness with mortality risk. Comprehensive assessment of the spatio-temporal dynamics of ILI is a prerequisite for effective risk assessment and application of control measures. Though meteorological parameters, such as rainfall, average relative humidity and temperature, influence ILI and represent crucial information for control of this disease, the relation between the disease and these variables is not clearly understood in tropical climates...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903054/future-malaria-spatial-pattern-based-on-the-potential-global-warming-impact-in-south-and-southeast-asia
#8
Hassan M Khormi, Lalit Kumar
We used the Model for Interdisciplinary Research on Climate-H climate model with the A2 Special Report on Emissions Scenarios for the years 2050 and 2100 and CLIMEX software for projections to illustrate the potential impact of climate change on the spatial distributions of malaria in China, India, Indochina, Indonesia, and The Philippines based on climate variables such as temperature, moisture, heat, cold and dryness. The model was calibrated using data from several knowledge domains, including geographical distribution records...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902903/characterization-of-thai-mycoplasma-synoviae-isolates-by-sequence-analysis-of-partial-vlha-gene
#9
Kriengwich Limpavithayakul, Jiroj Sasipreeyajan, Somsak Pakpinyo
Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), a remarkable pathogen in poultry, causes subclinical infection of the upper respiratory tract and an infectious synovitis, especially in the tendon sheaths and synovial membranes of joints. Because the specific detection of MS 16S rRNA gene-based PCR was unsuitable for strain differentiation, vlhA gene-based PCR was designed to differentiate the MS strains. The vlhA gene of MS encodes for hemagglutinin and other immunodominant membrane proteins involved in colonization, antigenic variations, and virulence...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902254/streptomyces-krungchingensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil-in-thailand
#10
Paranee Sripreechasak, Wongsakorn Phongsopitanun, Tomohiko Tamura, Somboon Tanasupawat
A novel actinomycete, designated KC-035T, was isolated from soil collected from Krung Ching Waterfall National Park, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand. Its taxonomic position was determined using the polyphasic approach. The strain had morphological and chemotaxonomic properties typical of the members of the genus Streptomyces; flexuous spore chain; LL-diaminopimelic acid in cell wall peptidoglycan; MK-9(H8), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H4) as menaquinones; diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside as phospholipids; anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, iso-C16:0, iso-C15:0 and iso-C14:0 as major cellular fatty acids; and 72 mol% of the DNA G+C content...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902246/allodekkera-sacchari-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-novel-yeast-species-in-the-saccharomycetales-isolated-from-a-sugar-factory-in-thailand
#11
Rumpa Jutakanoke, Rikiya Endoh, Masako Takashima, Moriya Ohkuma, Somboon Tanasupawat, Ancharida Akaracharanya
Three yeast isolates, G5-5(5), G5-9(3) and G5-9(4), were obtained from the sugarcane juice and waste from sugar production plant (Korach Industry Co., Ltd.) in Korach province, Thailand. They were found to be the same species based on DNA sequence identity of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene (SSU) and the D1/D2 region of the large subunit rRNA gene (LSU D1/D2). A BLASTn search of the GenBank database revealed they had 93% nucleotide sequence identity to D. bruxellensis for the SSU (1742 bp), but their LSU D1/D2 sequence (572 bp) showed less than 90% identity to all available sequences in the database...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902206/achromobacter-aloeverae-sp-nov-isolated-from-root-of-aloe-vera-l-burm-f-in-thailand
#12
Nattakorn Kuncharoen, Yuki Muramatsu, Chiyo Shibata, Yuki Kamakura, Yasuyoshi Nakagawa, Somboon Tanasupawat
Two Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria, designated strains AVA-1T and AVA-2, were isolated from the root of Aloe vera (L.) Brum.f. in Chachoengsao Province, Thailand. The strains contained cytochrome oxidase and catalase. They grew in 4 % (w/v) NaCl, at pH range 6.0-9.0 (optimally at pH 7) and at 20-42 ºC (optimally at 30-37 ºC). The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone with eight isoprene units (Q-8). The major fatty acids wereC16:0and C17:0cyclo. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strains belonged to the genus Achromobacter and were closely related to Achromobacter xylosoxidans NBRC 15126T (98...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902183/lactobacillus-ixorae-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-flower-west-indian-jasmine
#13
Sujitra Techo, Mika Miyashita, Chiyo Shibata, Naoto Tanaka, Preeyarach Wisetkhan, Wonnop Visessanguan, Somboon Tanasupawat
A Gram-stain positive, lactic acid bacterium strain Ru20-1T was isolated from a flower (West-Indian Jasmine) collected from Kalasin province, Thailand. Polyphasic approaches were used to determine the taxonomic position of this strain. Studies of morphological and biochemical characteristics revealed that strain Ru20-1T belonged to the genus Lactobacillus. The strain was heterofermentative, non-spore forming and rod-shaped. It produced DL-lactic acid. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences similarity, this strain was closely related to Lactobacillus lindneri LMG 14528T (96...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901448/phylogeny-and-haplotype-analysis-of-fungi-within-the-fusarium-incarnatum-equiseti-species-complex
#14
H Ramdial, R K Latchoo, F N Hosein, S N Rampersad
Fusarium spp. are ranked among the top 10 most economically and scientifically important plant-pathogenic fungi in the world and are associated with plant diseases that include fruit decay of a number of crops. Fusarium isolates infecting bell pepper in Trinidad were identified based on sequence comparisons of the translation elongation factor gene (EF-1a) with sequences of Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti species complex (FIESC) verified in the FUSARIUM-ID database. Eighty-two isolates were identified as belonging to one of four phylogenetic species within the subclades FIESC-1, FIESC-15, FIESC-16, and FIESC-26, with the majority of isolates belonging to FIESC-15...
November 30, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899135/analysis-of-pvama1-genes-from-china-myanmar-border-reveals-little-regional-genetic-differentiation-of-plasmodium-vivax-populations
#15
Xiaotong Zhu, Pan Zhao, Si Wang, Fei Liu, Jun Liu, Jian Wang, Zhaoqing Yang, Guiyun Yan, Qi Fan, Yaming Cao, Liwang Cui
BACKGROUND: With the premise of diminishing parasite genetic diversity following the reduction of malaria incidence, the analysis of polymorphic antigenic markers may provide important information about the impact of malaria control on local parasite populations. Here we evaluated the genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax apical membrane antigen 1 (Pvama1) gene in a parasite population from the China-Myanmar border and compared it with global P. vivax populations. METHODS: We performed evolutionary analysis to examine the genetic diversity, natural selection, and population differentiation of 73 Pvama1 sequences acquired from the China-Myanmar border as well as 615 publically available Pvama1 sequences from seven global P...
November 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898739/environmental-free-living-amoebae-isolated-from-soil-in-khon-kaen-thailand-antagonize-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#16
Parumon Noinarin, Pisit Chareonsudjai, Pinich Wangsomnuk, Surasak Wongratanacheewin, Sorujsiri Chareonsudjai
Presence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in soil and water is correlated with endemicity of melioidosis in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Several biological and physico-chemical factors have been shown to influence persistence of B. pseudomallei in the environment of endemic areas. This study was the first to evaluate the interaction of B. pseudomallei with soil amoebae isolated from B. pseudomallei-positive soil site in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Four species of amoebae, Paravahlkampfia ustiana, Acanthamoeba sp...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895525/a-survey-of-the-spider-family-nesticidae-arachnida-araneae-in-asia-and-madagascar-with-the-description-of-forty-three-new-species
#17
Yucheng Lin, Francesco Ballarin, Shuqiang Li
Forty-three new species of Nesticidae are described from China, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and Madagascar, and two new junior synonyms are suggested. A new genus, Speleoticusgen. n., is described with Nesticus navicellatus Liu & Li, 2013 as the type species, and four species are transferfed from Nesticus, i.e., Speleoticus globosus (Liu & Li, 2013), comb. n., Speleoticus libo (Chen & Zhu, 2005), comb. n., Speleoticus navicellatus (Liu & Li, 2015), comb. n. and Speleoticus uenoi (Yaginuma, 1972), comb...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895276/rubella-immunity-in-pregnant-native-taiwanese-and-immigrants-from-asian-countries
#18
Yeong-Hwa Zen, Ching-Tang Shih, Wan-Ju Kung, Chien-Hung Lee, Ching-Chiang Lin
Vaccination is considered the most effective method to prevent rubella spread and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). The aim of the present study was to investigate the rubella immunity among native and immigrant pregnant women in Taiwan. From 2000 to 2014, a total of 16,879 pregnant women who received routine prenatal examinations were recruited in this study. The rubella IgG antibodies were assayed using a microparticle enzyme immunoassay or chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. Subjects were categorized by nationality and subcategorized by specific periods of time for comparison...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894992/analysis-of-complete-genome-sequences-of-g9p-19-rotavirus-strains-from-human-and-piglet-with-diarrhea-provides-evidence-for-whole-genome-interspecies-transmission-of-nonreassorted-porcine-rotavirus
#19
Arpaporn Yodmeeklin, Pattara Khamrin, Watchaporn Chuchaona, Kattareeya Kumthip, Aphisek Kongkaew, Ratchaya Vachirachewin, Shoko Okitsu, Hiroshi Ushijima, Niwat Maneekarn
Whole genomes of G9P[19] human (RVA/Human-wt/THA/CMH-S070-13/2013/G9P[19]) and porcine (RVA/Pig-wt/THA/CMP-015-12/2012/G9P[19]) rotaviruses concurrently detected in the same geographical area in northern Thailand were sequenced and analyzed for their genetic relationships using bioinformatic tools. The complete genome sequence of human rotavirus RVA/Human-wt/THA/CMH-S070-13/2013/G9P[19] was most closely related to those of porcine rotavirus RVA/Pig-wt/THA/CMP-015-12/2012/G9P[19] and to those of porcine-like human and porcine rotaviruses reference strains than to those of human rotavirus reference strains...
November 25, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894990/microevolutionary-analyses-of-pythium-insidiosum-isolates-of-brazil-and-thailand-based-on-exo-1-3-%C3%AE-glucanase-gene
#20
Tatiana Corrêa Ribeiro, Carla Weiblen, Maria Isabel de Azevedo, Sônia de Avila Botton, Lizandra Jaqueline Robe, Daniela Isabel Brayer Pereira, Danieli Urach Monteiro, Douglas Miotto Lorensetti, Janio Morais Santurio
Pythium insidiosum is an important oomycete due to its ability to infect humans and animals. It causes pythiosis, a disease of difficult treatment that occurs more frequently in humans in Thailand and in horses in Brazil. Since cell-wall components are frequently related to host shifts, we decided here to use sequences from the exo-1.3-β-glucanase gene (exo1), which encodes an immunodominant protein putatively involved in cell wall remodeling, to investigate the microevolutionary relationships of Brazilian and Thai isolates of P...
November 25, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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