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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452043/citizens-jury-and-elder-care-public-participation-and-deliberation-in-long-term-care-policy-in-thailand
#1
Komatra Chuengsatiansup, Kanisorn Tengrang, Tipicha Posayanonda, Siranee Sihapark
Health care policies for the elderly are complex, multi-dimensional and contextually circumscribed. While engagement of health experts, economists, healthcare administrators and political leaders is generally viewed as instrumental to the success and sustainability of elder care programs, the elders themselves are often viewed as passive recipients of care and not included in the policy processes. Experiences and expectations from users' perspectives can be invaluable information for policy formulation and systems design...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451368/public-health-response-to-an-imported-case-of-canine-melioidosis
#2
C W Ryan, K Bishop, D D Blaney, S J Britton, F Cantone, C Egan, M G Elrod, C W Frye, A M Maxted, G Perkins
Melioidosis in humans presents variably as fulminant sepsis, pneumonia, skin infection and solid organ abscesses. It is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which in the United States is classified as a select agent, with "potential to pose a severe threat to both human and animal health, to plant health or to animal and plant products" (Federal Select Agent Program, http://www.selectagents.gov/, accessed 22 September 2016). Burkholderia pseudomallei is found in soil and surface water in the tropics, especially South-East Asia and northern Australia, where melioidosis is endemic...
February 16, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450200/nutritional-compositions-and-phytochemical-properties-of-the-edible-flowers-from-selected-zingiberaceae-found-in-thailand
#3
Apinya Rachkeeree, Kuttiga Kantadoung, Ratchuporn Suksathan, Ratchadawan Puangpradab, Paul Alexander Page, Sarana Rose Sommano
The nutritional compositions and phytochemical properties of eight edible flowers of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) commonly found in Thailand are reported herein. The plant genera investigated were Zingiber (Ginger, Phlai Dam, Krathue), Hedychium (two morphological filament forms), Curcuma (Ao), Etlingera (Torch ginger), Amomum (Chi Kuk), and Alpinia (Galangal), which are eaten fresh or cooked as ingredients in the preparation of many Thai dishes. The proximate compositions (moisture, ash, fiber, protein, fat, and carbohydrate contents) varied among the different genera...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448929/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-school-based-dental-caries-prevention-program-using-fluoridated-milk-in-bangkok-thailand
#4
Rodrigo Mariño, Fernando Traub, Puangtong Lekfuangfu, Kornkamol Niyomsilp
BACKGROUND: This study modelled the cost-effectiveness, from a societal perspective, of a program that used fluoridated milk to prevent dental caries in children who were 6 years old at the beginning of the program, versus non-intervention, after 6 years. METHODS: After 6 years, children in the milk-fluoridation program had a significant (34%) reduction in dental caries experience compared to those in the comparison community (i.e., received school milk without added fluoride) (DMFS: 1...
February 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448006/plasma-triglycerides-as-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-evidence-from-the-northeastern-of-thailand
#5
Sojib Bin Zaman, Mohd Anisul Karim, Naznin Hossain, Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam
AIMS: To investigate the observational association between plasma triglyceride and CKD in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective registry was used to obtain data of 3748 T2DM patients from May 2016 to October 2016. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical reports of T2DM patients with CKD were obtained by data extraction of medical records. CKD was defined according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <60mL/min/1.73 m 2 )...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447624/substance-use-among-students-in-thailand
#6
Pimpisa Chomsri, Apinun Aramrattana, Penprapa Siviroj, Surinporn Likhitsathian
This study explored substance use prevalence, level of risk, and associated factors, especially related to binge drinking. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 306 students using questionnaires and the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test-Youth screening tool. The associations between binge drinking and risk factors were analyzed by generalized linear models. Our results showed current prevalence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs use were 56.9%, 22.9%, and 2.3%, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447400/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-superficial-fungal-foot-infection-in-thai-naval-rating-cadets
#7
Punyawee Ongsri, Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Charussri Leeyaphan, Penvadee Pattanaprichakul, Pattachee Ongmahutmongkol, Chulaluk Komoltri, Kanokvalai Kulthanan
Background: Superficial fungal foot infection is one of the most important dermatological diseases currently affecting military personnel. Many Thai naval rating cadets are found to suffer from superficial fungal foot infections and their sequels. Objective: To investigate prevalence, potent risk factors, responding pathogens and clinical correlation of superficial fungal foot infection in Thai naval rating cadets training in Naval rating school, Sattahip, Thailand...
February 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447271/parents-knowledge-beliefs-and-acceptance-of-the-hpv-vaccination-in-relation-to-their-socio-demographics-and-religious-beliefs-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thailand
#8
Maria Grandahl, Seung Chun Paek, Siriwan Grisurapong, Penchan Sherer, Tanja Tydén, Pranee Lundberg
Thailand has one of the world's highest prevalence of cervical cancer, mainly caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infections can successfully be prevented by vaccination, which is available at a cost but not yet implemented in the national vaccination program. Parents play a critical role in deciding whether to vaccinate their child against HPV. Thus, the aim was to examine the association between parents' knowledge, beliefs, and acceptance of the HPV vaccination for their daughters, considering their socio-demographics and religious beliefs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447013/identification-of-three-types-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-deletion-%C3%AE-21-9-%C3%AE-2-4-and-thai-and-their-frequencies-in-one-family-in-the-population-of-southern-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-people-s-republic-of-china
#9
Wanrong Pang, Ju Long, Xunjin Weng, Qiongying Fan, Lei Sun, Zhijian Pan, Zuqian Fan
Different types of deletional α-thalassemia (α-thal) have been reported by researchers in China. This study describes one family carrying -α 21.9 (NG_000006.1: g.14373_36299delinsGGGAAGGGTGGGTGGGAATAACAGCTTTT), -α 2.4 (NG_000006.1: g.36860_39251del) and - - THAI (Thailand) (NG_000006.1: g.10664_44164del) alleles in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China (PRC), and reports the frequencies of these types in the population of this region. The proband was a 4-year-old girl, who screened positive for thalassemia, although the thalassemia genotype results were normal when screened using the routine kits...
February 15, 2018: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446643/traditional-consumption-of-and-rearing-edible-insects-in-africa-asia-and-europe
#10
Dele Raheem, Conrado Carrascosa, Oluwatoyin Bolanle Oluwole, Maaike Nieuwland, Ariana Saraiva, Rafael Millán, António Raposo
The traditional consumption of edible insects is common in one third of the world's population, mostly in Latin America, Africa and Asia. There are over one thousand identified species of insects eaten in some stage of their life cycle; and they play important roles in ensuring food security. The most common way to collect insects are from the wild, which is seasonal with limited availability and has an increasing demand resulting in a disruption to the ecosystem. There is a growing interest shown in rearing insects for commercial purposes, and an industrial scale production will be required to ensure steady supplies...
February 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446034/molecular-genetic-diversity-of-gongylonema-neoplasticum-fibiger-ditlevsen-1914-spirurida-gongylonematidae-from-rodents-in-southeast-asia
#11
Aogu Setsuda, Alexis Ribas, Kittipong Chaisiri, Serge Morand, Monidarin Chou, Fidelino Malbas, Muchammad Yunus, Hiroshi Sato
More than a dozen Gongylonema spp. (Spirurida: Spiruroidea: Gongylonematidae) have been described from a variety of rodent hosts worldwide. Gongylonema neoplasticum (Fibiger & Ditlevsen, 1914), which dwells in the gastric mucosa of rats such as Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout) and Rattus rattus (Linnaeus), is currently regarded as a cosmopolitan nematode in accordance with global dispersion of its definitive hosts beyond Asia. To facilitate the reliable specific differentiation of local rodent Gongylonema spp...
February 14, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446017/transformation-of-heavy-metal-fractionation-under-changing-environments-a-case-study-of-a-drainage-system-in-an-e-waste-dismantling-community
#12
Seelawut Damrongsiri
The change in environmental conditions during the transportation of contaminated soil and sediment was expected to affect the transformation of heavy metal fractionation. This study disclosed the serious contamination of copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in the sewer sediment of an e-waste dismantling community in Thailand which may be caused by flushed contaminated soil and e-waste fragments. Two environmental conditions were simulated to observe the transformation of heavy metal fractionation. The anoxic sewer condition was induced using high substrate and sulfate in a closed container...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440905/clinical-predictive-score-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Yuwares Sittichanbuncha, Jayanton Patumanond, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
Background: Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common condition at the Emergency Medicine Department. Head computer tomography (CT) scans in mild TBI patients must be properly justified in order to avoid unnecessary exposure to X-rays and to reduce the hospital/transfer costs. This study aimed to evaluate which clinical factors are associated with intracranial hemorrhage in Asian population and to develop a user-friendly predictive model. Methods: The study was conducted retrospectively at the Emergency Medicine Department in Ramathibodi Hospital, a university-affiliated super tertiary care hospital in Bangkok, Thailand...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438792/the-first-neurosurgery-boot-camp-in-southeast-asia-evaluating-impact-on-knowledge-and-regional-collaboration-in-yangon-myanmar
#14
Jack Rock, Roberta Glick, Isabelle M Germano, Robert Dempsey, John Zervos, Tyler Prentiss, Matthew Davis, Ernest Wright, Kyi Hlaing, Myat Thu, Zaw Wai Soe, Win Myaing
BACKGROUND: For the first time in Southeast Asia, a Fundamentals of Neurosurgery Boot Camp was held at the University of Medicine 1 in Yangon, Myanmar, February 24-26, 2017. The aim of this course was to teach and train fundamental skills to neurosurgery residents. METHODS: The Myanmar Neurosurgical Society, the Foundation for International Education in Neurosurgery, the Society for Neurological Surgeons, The University of Medicine 1 in Yangon, Myanmar and the Henry Ford Department of Neurosurgery developed a two-day resident training course...
February 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438568/haemodynamic-assessment-and-support-in-sepsis-and-septic-shock-in-resource-limited-settings
#15
David Misango, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Tim Baker, Martin W Dünser, Arjen M Dondorp, Marcus J Schultz
Background: Recommendations for haemodynamic assessment and support in sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings are largely lacking. Methods: A task force of six international experts in critical care medicine, all of them members of the Global Intensive Care Working Group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and with extensive bedside experience in resource-limited intensive care units, reviewed the literature and provided recommendations regarding haemodynamic assessment and support, keeping aspects of efficacy and effectiveness, availability and feasibility and affordability and safety in mind...
February 9, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437140/survival-analysis-and-associated-factors-in-thai-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-under-the-pd-first-policy
#16
Siribha Changsirikulchai, Suwannee Sriprach, Nintita S Thokanit, Jirayut Janma, Piyatida Chuengsaman, Dhavee Sirivongs
BACKGROUND: The peritoneal dialysis First (PD First) policy means that PD is the first modality of dialysis chosen for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), as put forth by the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) scheme. It was initiated in Thailand in 2008. Our aim is to analyze patient survival, technique survival, and associated factors. METHODS: Data of PD patients from January 2008 to November 2016 were studied. We calculated patient and technique survival rates (censored for death and kidney transplantation)...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435710/two-distinct-begomoviruses-associated-with-an-alphasatellite-coinfecting-emilia-sonchifolia-in-thailand
#17
Liling Zhao, Jing Zhong, Xiaoyun Zhang, Yueyan Yin, Tingting Li, Ming Ding
Emilia sonchifolia is a traditionally used medicinal plant that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Yellow vein symptoms were observed in E. sonchifolia plants in fields in the county of Koh Samui, Surat Thani Province, Thailand, in August 2015. Two distinct begomoviruses, designated TH4872-6 and TH4872-9, and an associated alphasatellite were obtained from an E. sonchifolia leaf sample (TH4872). Sequence analysis showed that the full-length sequence of TH4872-6 was most closely related to that of ageratum yellow vein China virus (AYVCNV), with 85...
February 12, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435616/the-response-of-lemna-minor-to-mixtures-of-pesticides-that-are-commonly-used-in-thailand
#18
Rungnapa Tagun, Alistair B A Boxall
In the field, aquatic organisms are exposed to multiple contaminants rather than to single compounds. It is therefore important to understand the toxic interactions of co-occurring substances in the environment. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of individual herbicides (atrazine, 2,4-D, alachlor and paraquat) that are commonly used in Thailand and their mixtures on Lemna minor. Plants were exposed to individual and binary mixtures for 7 days and the effects on plant growth rate were assesed based on frond area measurements...
February 13, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434117/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-domestic-and-imported-chicken-meats-in-japan
#19
Azimun Nahar, Sharda Prasad Awasthi, Noritoshi Hatanaka, Kentaro Okuno, Phuong Hoai Hoang, Jayedul Hassan, Atsushi Hinenoya, Shinji Yamasaki
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-Ec) in retail chicken meats in Japan. Fifty-six domestic and 50 imported (Brazil, n=36; United States, n=8; Thailand, n=6) chicken meat samples were analyzed. The 162 ESBL-Ec included 111 from 43 (77%) domestic samples and 51 from 26 (52%) Brazilian samples. Fifty-three and 30 of 111 and 51 ESBL-Ec from domestic and Brazilian chickens, respectively, were selected for ESBL genotyping...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432049/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-in-car-and-house-dust-from-thailand-implication-for-human-exposure
#20
Dudsadee Muenhor, Stuart Harrad
This study examines concentrations of tri- to hexa-bromodiphenylethers (BDEs 17, 28, 47, 49, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153 and 154; Σ10PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers)) in car (n = 30) and house dust samples (n = 53) collected from different provinces in Thailand. The specific objectives of this study were: (i) to monitor levels of tri- to hexa-bromodiphenylethers (BDEs 17, 28, 47, 49, 66, 85, 99, 100, 153 and 154; Σ10PBDEs) in vehicle and residential dust sampled from various provinces in Thailand; (ii) to compare PBDE concentrations with those detected for domestic and automobile dust in studies from other countries and (iii) to estimate exposure of the Thai population to the target PBDEs via dust ingestion...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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