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Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
In northeastern Thai (Isaan) culture traditional raw fish dishes and raw fish-eating habits are common. Eating and sharing meals together among the community's members, especially relatives and neighbours, are a common practice in both daily life and social gathering events. Fish are a significant protein source and are associated with variety of traditional recipes. Cyprinid fish are one of the most preferred fish by Isaan villagers for daily consumption because they are accessible and affordable. Consumption of these fish probably causes the persistence of high endemicity of human liver fluke infection, particularly with Opisthorchis viverrini, in northeast Thailand...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Prasarn Tangkawattana
Although any fish-eating mammals could be potential definitive hosts of Opisthorchis viverrini, only a few, especially cats and dogs, are actually known reservoir hosts for this parasite. Both animals usually get infected via consuming raw or undercooked contaminated fish, fish dishes or food remains from households. The infected animals sustain parasite egg spread via open environment defecation. Cats are the most important reservoir with higher prevalence rates of O. viverrini infection than dogs in endemic areas...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
Apiporn Suwannatrai, Prasert Saichua, Melissa Haswell
Opisthorchiasis in the Lower Mekong Subregion is a parasitic disease caused by the liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini. This parasite has a well-documented distribution in Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Myanmar and Southern Vietnam. In this chapter, we describe the current knowledge of the epidemiology of O. viverrini infection, highlighting advances in control efforts made in the last four decades in Thailand and identifying ongoing gaps in our epidemiological knowledge which need to be filled to support efforts to permanently overcome the heavy morbidity and mortality burden caused by these parasites within their endemic regions...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
Weerachai Saijuntha, Kanyarat Duenngai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Trevor N Petney, Ross H Andrews, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Opisthorchiasis is a neglected tropical disease, caused by infection with the fish-borne trematode Opisthorchis viverrini sensu lato that afflicts more than 10million people in Southeast Asia, including Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and Cambodia. The disease is characterized by a chronic infection that induces hepatobiliary inflammation, especially periductal fibrosis, which can be detected by ultrasonography. This chronic inflammation eventually leads to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a usually fatal bile duct cancer that develops in approximately 1% of O...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
Worrapan Poomanee, Wantida Chaiyana, Monika Mueller, Helmut Viernstein, Watcharee Khunkitti, Pimporn Leelapornpisid
Propionibacterium acnes has been recognized as a main target for medical treatment of acne since this bacterium promotes acne inflammation by inducing upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines production, resulting in an accumulation of neutrophils and oxygen-free radicals produced by neutrophils within acne lesion. The aims of this study were to evaluate the biological activities of Mangifera indica kernel extracts grown in Northern Thailand (Kaew-Moragot cultivar), related to anti-acne properties including antimicrobial effect against acne-inducing bacteria together with the first elucidation of the mechanism of action against Propionibacterium acnes, anti-oxidation, and anti-inflammation...
May 17, 2018: Anaerobe
Olof Kristjansdottir, Patrick J McGrath, G Allen Finley, Gudrun Kristjansdottir, Pulsuk Siripul, Sean P Mackinnon, Yoko Yoshida
There is a scarcity of work examining the relationship between culture and pain-related caregiver behaviors. Moreover, no pediatric pain studies have examined the relationship between caregiver cultural values and pain-related caregiver behaviors, specifically, if this process is mediated by caregiver parenting styles and moderated by eco-social context. Based on cross-cultural developmental theories, this study hypothesized that eco-social context would moderate the relationship between cultural values, parenting styles, and pain-related caregiver behaviors; and that parenting styles mediate the effect of cultural values on pain-related caregiver behaviors...
June 12, 2018: Pain
Kumpol Amnuaypattanapon, Suwimon Khansompop
Background: The prevalence of hypotension in emergency departments (EDs) is approximately 1-2%, but is associated with a mortality rate of 8-15%. There has never been a study in Thailand examining the epidemiology or the risk factors for early mortality of patients presenting with hypotension in the ED. Therefore, this study aimed to define the characteristics, mortality rate within 48 h and associated factors of hypotensive patients at ED. Methods: Data of patients with hypotension attending the ED of Thammasat University Hospital (TUH) were retrospectively studied...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Montakarn Chuemchit, Suttharuethai Chernkwanma, Rewat Rugkua, Laddawan Daengthern, Pajaree Abdullakasim, Saskia E Wieringa
There is no recent national data on the prevalence of intimate partner violence in Thailand. This study proposed to examine the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 4 regions of Thailand by using a standardized questionnaire from the WHO multi country study on women's health and domestic violence. Two thousand four hundred and sixty-two married or cohabiting women aged 20-59 years were interviewed about their experiences of psychologically, physically, sexually violent, and/or controlling behaviors by their male partners ...
2018: Journal of Family Violence
Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: Food advertising is a key factor which influences children's food preferences. This study assessed the rates, nutritional quality and contents of food and beverage advertising in children's, youth and family television programmes in Thailand. METHODS: Free TV was recorded for two weeks in March 2014 from six to ten am and three to eight pm on weekends and three to eight pm on weekdays across all four channels; a total of 344 h recorded. Digital TV was recorded across three channels for one week for 24 h per day in October 2014; a total 504 h recorded...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Prapaporn Jattujan, Pawanrat Chalorak, Tanapan Siangcham, Kant Sangpairoj, Saksit Nobsathian, Tanate Poomtong, Prasert Sobhon, Krai Meemon
Holothuria scabra is a sea cucumber that is mostly found in the Indo-Pacific region including Thailand. Extracts from many sea cucumbers possess pharmacological activities proposed to benefit human health. In this study, we investigated the anti-oxidant and anti-ageing activities of extracts from H. scabra by using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism. Parts of H. scabra were solvent-extracted and divided into nine fractions including whole body-hexane (WBHE), whole body-ethyl acetate (WBEA), whole body-butanol (WBBU), body wall-hexane (BWHE), body wall-ethyl acetate (BWEA), body wall-butanol (BWBU), viscera-hexane (VIHE), viscera-ethyl acetate (VIEA), and viscera-butanol (VIBU)...
June 11, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Orratai Waleewong, Anne-Marie Laslett, Richard Chenhall, Robin Room
Aims: This study aims to measure the prevalence rates and patterns of help-seeking behavior as a consequence of being harmed by drinkers in five Asian countries (India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Lao PDR and Thailand). Methods: A total of 9832 respondents aged 18-65 years from the WHO/ThaiHealth Collaborative Project were surveyed between 2012 and 2014 about their experiences of being negatively affected due to another's drinking, and whether and where they sought help, focusing on four adverse aspects of harms from others' drinking...
June 13, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Tanyong Pipanmekaporn, Yodying Punjasawadwong, Manee Raksakietisak, Wimonrat Sriraj, Varinee Lekprasert, Thewarug Werawatganon
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the characteristics, contributing factors and recommended policy changes associated with emergence delirium. Relevant data were extracted from the PAAd Thai database of 2,006 incident reports which were conducted from 1 January to 31 December 2015. Details pertinent to the patient, surgery, anaesthetic and systematic factors were reviewed independently. Seventeen incidents of emergence delirium were recorded. Emergence delirium was common in the following categories: male (70...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Kanaporn Poltep, Natthaphat Ketchim, Weena Paungpin, Phirom Prompiram, Poonyapat Sedwisai, Tatiyanuch Chamsai, Pilaipan Puthavathana, Parntep Ratanakorn
  An outbreak of HPAIV H5N1 in Nakhon Sawan province, Thailand, in 2004 caused sporadic deaths of Asian openbill storks ( Anastomus oscitans). An investigation was undertaken to determine if this virus occurs and circulates in wild birds in Nakhon Sawan province. Following the outbreak, a widespread serosurvey was conducted using the hemagglutination inhibition assay and microneutralization assay to detect antibodies against AIV H5. From 2007 to 2014, blood was collected from a total of 753 wild birds, representing 10 orders and 44 species...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Surasak Chaiyasong, Taisia Huckle, Anne-Marie Mackintosh, Petra Meier, Charles Parry, Sarah Callinan, Cuong Pham, Elena Kazantseva, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Karl Parker, Sally Casswell
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Gender and age patterns of drinking are important in guiding country responses to harmful use of alcohol. This study undertook cross-country analysis of drinking across gender, age groups in some high-and middle-income countries. DESIGN AND METHODS: Surveys of drinkers were conducted in Australia, England, Scotland, New Zealand, St Kitts and Nevis (high-income), Thailand, South Africa, Mongolia and Vietnam (middle-income) as part of the International Alcohol Control Study...
June 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Rubashiny Veeramohan, Kamalrul Azlan Azizan, Wan Mohd Aizat, Hoe-Han Goh, Sharif Mahsufi Mansor, Nur Sabrina Mohd Yusof, Syarul Nataqain Baharum, Chyan Leong Ng
Mitragyna speciosa is a psychoactive plant known as "ketum" in Malaysia and "kratom" in Thailand. This plant is distinctly known to produce two important alkaloids, namely mitragynine (MG) and 7-hydroxymitragynine (7-OH-MG) that can bind to opioid receptors [1]. MG was reported to exhibit antidepressant properties in animal studies [2]. These compounds were also proposed to have the potential to replace opioid analgesics with much lower risks of side effects [3]. To date, there are only over 40 metabolites identified in M...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Ton That Huu Dat, Georg Steinert, Nguyen Thi Kim Cuc, Hauke Smidt, Detmer Sipkema
Sponge-associated prokaryotic diversity has been studied from a wide range of marine environments across the globe. However, for certain regions, e.g., Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, and Singapore, an overview of the sponge-associated prokaryotic communities is still pending. In this study we characterized the prokaryotic communities from 27 specimens, comprising 18 marine sponge species, sampled from the central coastal region of Vietnam. Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene fragments was used to investigate sponge-associated bacterial and archaeal diversity...
2018: PeerJ
Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Bee Koon Poh, Nipa Rojroongwasinkul, Chinh Nguyen Huu, Edith Sumedi, Jamil Nor Aini, Sayamon Senaprom, Paul Deurenberg, Marjolijn Bragt, Ilse Khouw
Despite a major decrease in undernutrition worldwide over the last 25 years, underweight and stunting in children still persist as public health issues especially in Africa and Asia. Adequate nutrition is one of the key factors for healthy growth and development of children. In this study, the associations between dairy consumption and nutritional status in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) were investigated. National representative data of 12,376 children in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam aged between 1 and 12 years were pooled, representing nearly 88 million children in this age category...
June 13, 2018: Nutrients
Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Kanyapat Suttikasem, Melinda Craike, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: The number of deaths per year attributed to non-communicable diseases is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Thailand. To facilitate the development of evidence-based public health programs and policies in Thailand, research on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is needed. The aims of this scoping review were to: (i) map all available evidence on PA and SB in Thailand; (ii) identify research gaps; and (iii) suggest directions for future research...
June 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Benjamin T Schleenvoigt, Joachim Richter, Gerd Dieter Burchard, Michael Baier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
S Tongprasert, A Namchandee, K Sotthipoka, P Kammuang-Lue
STUDY DESIGN: It is a psychometrics study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the inter-rater reliability of the International Spinal Cord Injury Upper Extremity Basic Data Set (ISCI-UE). SETTING: Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand. METHODS: Individuals with subacute and chronic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) were recruited. One examiner rated five parts of the ISCI-UE, including the ability to reach and grasp, the shoulder function classification, utilization of adaptive devices used to enhance upper-extremity function, complications affecting upper-extremity function, and upper extremity/hand reconstructive surgery...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
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