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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225545/enhancing-political-will-for-universal-health-coverage-in-nigeria
#1
Bolaji S Aregbeshola
Universal health coverage aims to increase equity in access to quality health care services and to reduce financial risk due to health care costs. It is a key component of international health agenda and has been a subject of worldwide debate. Despite differing views on its scope and pathways to reach it, there is a global consensus that all countries should work toward universal health coverage. The goal remains distant for many African countries, including Nigeria. This is mostly due to lack of political will and commitment among political actors and policymakers...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225498/dengue-associated-hemophagocyticlymphohistiocytosis-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Sang Mi Chung, Joon Young Song, Wonshik Kim, Min Joo Choi, Ji Ho Jeon, Seonghui Kang, Eunju Jung, Ji Yun Noh, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS) is potentially a fatal disease caused by systemic infection complicated by hemophagocyticlymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Here, we report a case of HLH associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) after a trip to Thailand. CASE SUMMARY: A 33-year-old healthy female patient presented with 3 days of fever, myalgia, and skin rash. Serotype 3 dengue virus was isolated. Clinical and laboratory findings fulfilled the criteria of HLH...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225346/cd4-count-and-risk-of-anti-tuberculosis-drug-associated-cutaneous-reactions-in-hiv-infected-thai-patients
#3
L Boonyagars, P Hirunwiwatkul, C P Hurst
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. However, anti-tuberculosis drugs can cause cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs). This study was conducted to evaluate differences in CADR incidence between low and high CD4 cell count in patients with low and high CD4 cell count and to identify other risk factors for CADR in HIV-TB co-infected patients. DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort of adult HIV-TB co-infected patients receiving standard anti-tuberculosis treatment between January 2008 and December 2015 at Vajira Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand, baseline demographic, clinical characteristics and factors associated with CADRs, including CD4 cell count status, were collected...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223776/idiopathic-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-in-thai-patients-with-clinical-and-angiographic-choroidal-neovascularization
#4
Chavakij Bhoomibunchoo, Yosanan Yospaiboon, Somanus Thoongsuwan, Duangnate Rojanaporn, Nawat Watanachai, Pichai Jirarattanasopa, Nattapon Wongcumchang, Atchara Amphornphruet, Sritatath Vongkulsiri, Eakkachai Arayangkoon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to study the prevalence and characteristics of idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (IPCV) in Thai patients with clinical and angiographic choroidal neovascularization (CNV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A consecutive case study of 140 patients presenting with CNV was conducted in nine large referral eye centers throughout Thailand. The demographic data, fundus photographs, fundus fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography of the patients were analyzed...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222787/an-effective-method-for-the-identification-and-separation-of-anopheles-minimus-the-primary-malaria-vector-in-thailand-and-its-sister-species-anopheles-harrisoni-with-a-comparison-of-their-mating-behaviors
#5
Kritsana Taai, Ralph E Harbach, Kittipat Aupalee, Wichai Srisuka, Thippawan Yasanga, Yasushi Otsuka, Atiporn Saeung
BACKGROUND: Species of the Anopheles minimus complex are considered to be the primary vectors of malaria in South and Southeast Asia. Two species of the complex, Anopheles minimus and Anopheles harrisoni, occur in Thailand. They are sympatric and difficult to accurately distinguish based on morphological characters. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of antennal sensory organs to distinguish these two species. Additionally, we investigated their ability to mate in cages of different sizes, as well as the possible mechanism(s) that evokes stenogamous behavior...
February 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219397/immunohistochemistry-of-sarcolemmal-membrane-associated-proteins-in-formalin-fixed-and-paraffin-embedded-skeletal-muscle-tissue-a-promising-tool-for-the-diagnostic-evaluation-of-common-muscular-dystrophies
#6
Chinnawut Suriyonplengsaeng, Charungthai Dejthevaporn, Chaiyos Khongkhatithum, Suda Sanpapant, Nattha Tubthong, Koset Pinpradap, Nippa Srinark, Jariya Waisayarat
BACKGROUND: The analysis of fresh frozen muscle specimens is standard following routine muscle biopsy, but this service is not widely available in countries with limited medical facilities, such as Thailand. Nevertheless, immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis is essential for the diagnosis of patients with a strong clinical suspicion of muscular dystrophy, in the absence of mutations detected by molecular genetics. As the successful labelling of sarcolemmal membrane-associated proteins in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) muscle sections using IHC staining has rarely been described, this study aimed to develop a reproducible IHC method for such an analysis...
February 20, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219061/establishing-prenatal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele-in-asia-the-singapore-consensus
#7
Tuangsit Wataganara, Suresh Seshadri, Tak Yeung Leung, Citra Matter, Monawat Ngerncham, Namtip Triyasunant, Padmakar Vidyadhar Mali, Agnhitori Biswas, Katika Nawapun, Nisarat Phithakwatchara, Alan W Flake, Mark P Johnson, Arijit Biswas, Mahesh Choolani
OBJECTIVES: The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS Trial) has inspired many fetal therapy centers (FTCs) to offer open fetal surgery for myelomeningocele (MMC). This is an initial effort to create a candidate model that can be applicable to many parts of Asia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A limited selection of specialists from 4 established FTCs in Thailand, Hong Kong, India, and Singapore met for a round table discussion. Experts from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) involved in the Trial moderated the session...
February 21, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217043/-ecosystem-service-opportunities-a-practice-oriented-framework-for-identifying-economic-instruments-to-enhance-biodiversity-and-human-livelihoods
#8
Julian Rode, Heidi Wittmer, Lucy Emerton, Christoph Schröter-Schlaack
Economic instruments that promise "win-win" solutions for both biodiversity conservation and human livelihoods have become increasingly popular over recent years. There however remains a gap in terms of practical and policy-relevant guidance about appropriate approaches that take into account the local needs and the specific cultural, legal, and ecological context in which such instruments are being developed and applied. This paper presents a step-by-step framework that helps conservation and development planners and practitioners to identify economic instruments that can promote pro-conservation behaviour in a specific setting...
September 2016: Journal for Nature Conservation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216665/interleukin-10-inhibits-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-responses-and-killing-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#9
Bianca Kessler, Darawan Rinchai, Chidchamai Kewcharoenwong, Arnone Nithichanon, Rachael Biggart, Catherine M Hawrylowicz, Gregory J Bancroft, Ganjana Lertmemongkolchai
Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in northeastern Thailand and Northern Australia. Severe septicemic melioidosis is associated with high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and is correlated with poor clinical outcomes. IL-10 is an immunoregulatory cytokine, which in other infections can control the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, but its role in melioidosis has not been addressed. Here, whole blood of healthy seropositive individuals (n = 75), living in N. E. Thailand was co-cultured with B...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216369/role-of-socio-cultural-and-economic-factors-in-cyprinid-fish-distribution-networks-and-consumption-in-lawa-lake-region-northeast-thailand-novel-perspectives-on-opisthorchis-viverrini-transmission-dynamics
#10
Christina Sunyoung Kim, John F Smith, Apiporn Suwannatrai, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce Wilcox, Sasithorn Kaewkes, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Banchob Sripa
Opisthorchis viverrini (Ov) is a fish-borne parasite endemic in parts of Lao PDR, Cambodia, southern Vietnam and Northeast Thailand (Isaan) where an estimated 10 million people are infected. Human Ov infection, associated with hepatobiliary complications, including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), occurs when infected fish are consumed raw or undercooked, a longstanding cultural tradition in the region. This mixed- methods descriptive study was carried out in Isaan villages around Lawa Lake, Khon Kaen Province, known for their Ov endemicity...
February 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212633/cooking-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-of-restaurant-workers-in-thailand
#11
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Restaurant workers are at risk from exposure to toxic compounds from burning of fuel and fumes from cooking. However, the literature is almost silent on the issue. What discussion that can be found in the literature focuses on the potential effects from biomass smoke exposure in the home kitchen, and does not address the problem as occurring in the workplace, particularly in restaurants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 224 worker from 142 food restaurants in the Tha Pho sub-district of Phitsanulok, a province in Thailand...
February 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208132/an-outbreak-of-acute-hepatitis-caused-by-genotype-ib-hepatitis-a-viruses-contaminating-the-water-supply-in-thailand
#12
Kriangsak Ruchusatsawat, Jongkonnee Wongpiyabovorn, Chonthicha Kawidam, Laddawan Thiemsing, Somchai Sangkitporn, Sayaka Yoshizaki, Masashi Tatsumi, Naokazu Takeda, Koji Ishii
BACKGROUND: In 2000, an outbreak of acute hepatitis A was reported in a province adjacent to Bangkok, Thailand. AIMS: To investigate the cause of the 2000 hepatitis A outbreaks in Thailand using molecular epidemiological analysis. METHODS: Serum and stool specimens were collected from patients who were clinically diagnosed with acute viral hepatitis. Water samples from drinking water and deep-drilled wells were also collected. These specimens were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing of the VP1/2A region of the hepatitis A virus (HAV) genome...
February 17, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207891/factors-influencing-antiretroviral-treatment-suboptimal-adherence-among-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-in-thailand
#13
Luyi Xu, Kerim Munir, Cheeraya Kanabkaew, Sophie Le Coeur
BACKGROUND: Existing studies have suggested decreased adherence and rebound in mortality in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) as compared to adults and young children. METHODS: We used both quantitative and qualitative approaches to identify factors influencing adherence among perinatally infected adolescents in Thailand. We analyzed data from 568 pairs of perinatally infected adolescents (aged 12-19) and their primary caregivers in the Teens Living With Antiretrovirals (TEEWA) study, a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2010-2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204907/erratum-to-safety-of-zidovudine-lamivudine-scored-tablets-in-children-with-hiv-infection-in-europe-and-thailand
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202062/isolated-igg4-related-sclerosing-cholangitis-misdiagnosed-as-malignancy-in-an-area-with-endemic-cholangiocarcinoma-a-case-report
#15
Narongsak Rungsakulkij, Pattana Sornmayura, Penampai Tannaphai
BACKGROUND: The most common cause of perihilar obstruction is cholangiocarcinoma, especially in Thailand. Benign perihilar stricture represents less than 20% of cases. IgG4-related disease and IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis, however, have been receiving increased recognition. Isolated IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis is less common. The preoperative diagnosis of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis without pancreatic involvement is very difficult because the clinical presentation and preoperative evaluation are extremely difficult to distinguish from perihilar cholangiocarcinoma...
February 15, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198645/three-decades-of-dengue-surveillance-in-five-highly-endemic-south-east-asian-countries
#16
T A Wartel, A Prayitno, S R S Hadinegoro, M R Capeding, U Thisyakorn, N H Tran, A Moureau, A Bouckenooghe, J Nealon, A-F Taurel
We described and quantified epidemiologic trends in dengue disease burden in 5 Asian countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam) and identified and estimated outbreaks impact over the last 3 decades. Dengue surveillance data from 1980 to 2010 were retrieved from DengueNet and from World Health Organization sources. Trends in incidence, mortality, and case fatality rate (CFR) were systematically analyzed using annual average percent change (AAPC), and the contribution of epidemic years identified over the observation period was quantified...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198557/hiv-1-coreceptor-usage-in-perinatally-infected-thai-children
#17
Tanawan Samleerat, Sayamon Hongjaisee, Pattareeya Phiayura, Wasna Sirirungsi
HIV-1 coreceptor usage in children who were born to HIV-1 infected mothers in Thailand is not well characterized. Here, the prevalence of coreceptor usage and genotype among HIV-1 infected children in Thailand were observed. Proviral DNA from 284 HIV-1 infected children who received HIV-1 early infant diagnosis between 2007 and 2013 under the National AIDS Program were studied. Genotypic tropism testing was performed based on amplification of the V3 region in a triplicate nested-PCR following by DNA sequencing...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198451/elevated-prevalence-of-helicobacter-species-and-virulence-factors-in-opisthorchiasis-and-associated-hepatobiliary-disease
#18
Raksawan Deenonpoe, Eimorn Mairiang, Pisaln Mairiang, Chawalit Pairojkul, Yaovalux Chamgramol, Gabriel Rinaldi, Alex Loukas, Paul J Brindley, Banchob Sripa
Recent reports suggest that Opisthorchis viverrini serves as a reservoir of Helicobacter and implicate Helicobacter in pathogenesis of opisthorchiasis-associated cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Here, 553 age-sex matched cases and controls, 293 and 260 positive and negative for liver fluke O. viverrini eggs, of residents in Northeastern Thailand were investigated for associations among infection with liver fluke, Helicobacter and hepatobiliary fibrosis. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was higher in O. viverrini-infected than uninfected participants...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192434/adverse-effects-of-mefloquine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-malaria-in-thailand-a-pooled-analysis-of-19-850-individual-patients
#19
Sue J Lee, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Ric N Price, Christine Luxemburger, François Nosten
Mefloquine (MQ) has been used for the treatment of malaria since the mid-1980s, first as monotherapy or as fixed combination with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (MSP) and since the mid-1990s in combination with artesunate. There is a renewed interested in MQ as part of a triple therapy for the treatment of multi-drug resistance P. falciparum malaria. The widespread use of MQ beyond south-East Asia has been constrained by reports of poor tolerability. Here we present the side effect profile of MQ for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria on the Thai-Myanmar/Cambodia borders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188767/social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-among-households-in-opisthorchiasis-endemic-villages-of-lawa-lake-thailand
#20
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Piya Sereerak, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
Consumption of raw fish is a well-documented risk factor for Opisthorchis viverrini infection. Sharing of food, especially raw fish recipes may influence the spread of disease through a community. Using social network analysis of an ego network, we investigated food sharing among households in an Opisthorchis-endemic area. Network centrality properties were used to explain the differences in O. viverrini transmission and control between villages with a low and high prevalence of infection. Information on demography and O...
February 8, 2017: Acta Tropica
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