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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330170/an-efficient-and-cost-effective-method-of-rna-extraction-from-mucilage-phenol-and-secondary-metabolite-rich-bark-tissue-of-tossa-jute-c-olitorius-l-actively-developing-phloem-fiber
#1
S B Choudhary, M Kumar, I Chowdhury, R K Singh, S P Pandey, H K Sharma, P G Karmakar
Tossa jute is an important natural fiber crop of Southeast Asian countries including India, Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Myanmar etc. Traditional industrial application of jute fiber is limited to the packaging products like hessians, sacks, etc. and the fiber found unsuitable for textile industries largely due to significantly high lignin content. Therefore, understanding genetic factors underlying lignin biosynthesis in tossa jute holds promise for jute based product diversification. The major limiting factor in undertaking such study is unavailability of efficient protocol for RNA extraction at secondary growth active stage of tossa jute...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328548/characterization-of-hiv-seroconverters-in-a-tdf-ftc-prep-study-hptn-067-adapt
#2
Mariya V Sivay, Maoji Li, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Yinfeng Zhang, Sarah E Hudelson, Mark A Marzinke, Rivet K Amico, Andrew Redd, Craig W Hendrix, Peter L Anderson, Kevin Bokoch, Linda Gail-Bekker, Frits van Griensven, Sharon Mannheimer, James P Hughes, Robert Grant, Susan H Eshleman
BACKGROUND: HPTN 067/ADAPT evaluated tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in women (South Africa) and men who have sex with men (Thailand, US). Participants received once-weekly directly observed TDF/FTC (DOT), and were then randomized to daily, time-driven, or event-driven PrEP. This report describes characterization of 12 HIV seroconversion events in this trial. METHODS: HIV rapid testing was performed at study sites...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325966/sulawesifulvius-thailandicus-a-new-species-of-the-genus-sulawesifulvius-gorczyca-ch%C3%A3-rot-%C3%A5-tys-from-thailand-hemiptera-heteroptera-miridae-cylapinae
#3
Andrzej Wolski, Tomohide Yasunaga, Jacek Gorczyca, Aleksander Herczek
A new species of the genus Sulawesifulvius, Sulawesifulvius thailandicus Wolski, Yasunaga & Gorczyca, sp. n., is described from Thailand. The present finding also represents the first distribution record in Indochina for the genus. Color adult habitus images for Sulawesifulvius thailandicus and Sulawesifulvius schuhi (type species of the genus), male genital drawings of Sulawesifulvius thailandicus, and scanning electron micrographs of selected structures of Sulawesifulvius schuhi and Sulawesifulvius thailandicus are provided...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325963/review-of-the-genus-craspedolcus-enderlein-sensu-lato-in-china-with-the-description-of-a-new-genus-and-four-new-species-hymenoptera-braconidae-braconinae
#4
Yang Li, Cornelis van Achterberg, Xue-Xin Chen
A new genus is split off the genus Craspedolcus Enderlein, 1920 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Braconinae): Maculibracongen. n. with type species Maculibracon abruptussp. n. The genus Craspedolcus Enderlein sensu stricto is redefined, a key to both genera and to their species in China, Thailand and Vietnam is included. Craspedolcus obscuriventris Enderlein, 1920, (syn. n.) is a new synonym of Craspedolcus vagatus (Smith, 1858), as Ipobracon maculicosta Enderlein, 1920 and Iphiaulax bhotanensis Cameron, 1907 of Maculibracon simlaensis (Cameron, 1899), comb...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323835/molecular-epidemiology-of-cryptococcal-genotype-vnic-st5-in-siriraj-hospital-thailand
#5
Chanin Hatthakaroon, Sujiraphong Pharkjaksu, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool, Kamol Suwannakarn, Pattarachai Kiratisin, Popchai Ngamskulrungroj
Despite the strong association between Cryptococcus neoformans infection and the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status of patients globally, most cryptococcosis cases in Far East Asia occur in non-HIV individuals. Molecular epidemiological studies, using multilocus sequence typing (MLST), have shown that more than 95% of cryptococcal strains belong to a specific subtype of VNI. However, this association has never been specifically examined in other parts of Asia. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the VNIc/ST5 genotype distribution among cryptococcosis patients in Thailand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323489/incidence-rates-and-risk-factors-for-vision-loss-among-aids-related-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-patients-in-southern-thailand
#6
Wantanee Sittivarakul, Usanee Seepongphun
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence of and risk factors for visual acuity (VA) loss in patients with AIDS and cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. METHODS: A total of 132 patients were included. The main outcome measurements were the incidences of VA loss to ≤20/50 and ≤20/200. RESULTS: The incidences of VA loss to ≤20/50 and ≤20/200 were 0.22/eye-year (EY) and 0.12/EY, respectively. Risk factors for the incidence of VA loss to ≤20/50 were low nadir CD4(+) T-cell count (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 3...
March 21, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322356/efficacy-of-motivational-interviewing-in-conjunction-with-caries-risk-assessment-micra-programmes-in-improving-the-dental-health-status-of-preschool-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Saruta Saengtipbovorn
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of motivational interviewing in conjuction with a caries risk assessment (MICRA) programme to improve the dental health status of preschool children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted among 214 parents or caregivers and their children at Health Centre 54, Bangkok, Thailand, from September 2015 to February 2016. The participants were randomised to the intervention and the control groups (107 participants per group)...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321237/management-and-risk-factor-control-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-elderly-versus-nonelderly-a-multicenter-registry
#8
Arintaya Phrommintikul, Rungroj Krittayaphong, Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Smonporn Boonyaratavej, Chaiyasith Wongvipaporn, Woraporn Tiyanon, Pakaphan Dinchuthai, Rapeephon Kunjara-Na-Ayudhya, Pyatat Tatsanavivat, Piyamitr Sritara
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death in elderly because aging is the important non-modifiable risk factors of atherosclerosis and also a predictor of poor outcomes. Underuse of guideline directed therapy may contribute to suboptimal risk factor control and worse outcomes in the elderly. We aimed to explore the management of CAD, risk factors control as well as goal attainment in elderly compared to nonelderly CAD patients. METHODS: The CORE-Thailand is an ongoing multicenter, prospective, observational registry of patients with high atherosclerotic risk in Thailand...
December 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319012/the-expanding-world-of-human-leishmaniasis
#9
James A Cotton
New Leishmania isolates form a novel group of human parasites related to Leishmania enrietti, with cases in Ghana, Thailand, and Martinique; other relatives infect Australian and South American wildlife. These parasites apparently cause both cutaneous and visceral disease, and may have evolved a novel transmission mechanism exploiting blood-feeding midges.
March 16, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318407/effectiveness-of-the-custom-mold-room-temperature-vulcanizing-silicone-toe-separator-on-hallux-valgus-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-controlled-trial
#10
Navaporn Chadchavalpanichaya, Voraluck Prakotmongkol, Nattapong Polhan, Pitchaya Rayothee, Sirirat Seng-Iad
BACKGROUND: Silicone toe separator is considered as a conservative treatment for hallux valgus. The prefabricated toe separator does not fit all. However, effectiveness in prescription of the custom-mold toe separator is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of using a custom-mold room temperature vulcanizing silicone toe separator to decrease hallux valgus angle and hallux pain. The compliances, complications, and satisfactions of toe separator were also explored...
March 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317499/a-multi-country-study-of-harms-to-children-because-of-others-drinking
#11
Anne-Marie Laslett, Georgia Rankin, Orratai Waleewong, Sarah Callinan, Hanh T M Hoang, Ramon Florenzano, Siri Hettige, Isidore Obot, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Akanidomo Ibanga, Ann Hope, Jonas Landberg, Hanh T M Vu, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Dag Rekve, Robin Room
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to ascertain and compare the prevalence and correlates of alcohol-related harms to children cross-nationally. METHOD: National and regional sample surveys of randomly selected households included 7,848 carers (4,223 women) from eight countries (Australia, Chile, Ireland, Lao People's Democratic Republic [PDR], Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam). Country response rates ranged from 35% to 99%. Face-to-face or telephone surveys asking about harm from others' drinking to children ages 0-17 years were conducted, including four specific harms: that because of others' drinking in the past year children had been (a) physically hurt, (b) verbally abused, (c) exposed to domestic violence, or (d) left unsupervised...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317143/role-of-pharmaceutical-care-for-self-administered-pulmonary-tuberculosis-treatment-in-thailand
#12
P Tanvejsilp, E Pullenayegum, M Loeb, J Dushoff, F Xie
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: With resource constraints in Thailand, directly observed therapy (DOT) for treating tuberculosis (TB) may not be feasible to implement. To improve patients' adherence, hospitals either modify DOT or adopt different approaches: pharmaceutical care or home visit. Our objective was to assess pulmonary TB treatment success rate of pharmaceutical care compared to home visit and modified DOT in Thailand. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data collected in adult pulmonary TB patients starting treatment between October 2010 and September 2013 in three hospitals in Thailand...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317010/statistical-downscaling-for-rainfall-forecasts-using-modified-constructed-analog-method-in-thailand
#13
Patchalai Anuchaivong, Dusadee Sukawat, Anirut Luadsong
The simulations of rainfall from historical data were created in this study by using statistical downscaling. Statistical downscaling techniques are based on a relationship between the variables that are solved by the General Circulation Models (GCMs) and the observed predictions. The Modified Constructed Analog Method (MCAM) is a technique in downscaling estimation, suitable for rainfall simulation accuracy using weather forecasting. In this research, the MCAM was used to calculate the Euclidean distance to obtain the number of analog days...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303199/hiv-aids-in-the-south-east-asia-region-progress-and-challenges
#14
EDITORIAL
Razia Pendse, Somya Gupta, Dongbao Yu, Swarup Sarkar
The South-East Asia region, with 11 member states, has an estimated 3.5 million people living with HIV (PLHIV). More than 99% of PLHIV live in five countries where HIV prevalence among the population aged 15-49 remains low but is between 2% and 29% among key populations. Since 2010, the region has made progress to combat the epidemic. Mature condom programmes exist in most countries but opioid substitution therapy, and needle and syringe exchange programmes need to be scaled up. HIV testing is recommended nationwide in four countries and is prioritised in high prevalence areas or for key populations in the rest...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302127/erratum-to-treating-the-invisible-gaps-and-opportunities-for-enhanced-tb-control-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#15
Naomi Tschirhart, Sein Sein Thi, Lei Lei Swe, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301242/persistence-of-chlamydia-psittaci-in-various-temperatures-and-times
#16
Suwarak Wannaratana, Aunyaratana Thontiravong, Alongkorn Amonsin, Somsak Pakpinyo
Chlamydia psittaci, an obligate intracellular gram-negative bacteria, causes an important zoonotic disease in humans, namely, psittacosis. The objective of this study was to determine the persistent viability of C. psittaci at various temperature conditions. The cloacal swab samples were collected from feral and racing pigeons to find a C. psittaci field strain. The bacterial isolation showed that 1.3% of feral pigeons were PCR positive, while all samples of racing pigeons were PCR negative. Also, bacterial characterization suggested that it belonged to genotype B, which had bacterial titers 3...
March 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300337/parents-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-barriers-to-promoting-condom-use-among-their-adolescent-sons
#17
Worawan Tipwareerom, Linda Weglicki
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing in Thai youth. Consequently, a school-based National Condom Strategy program was launched in 2015 to reduce the rate of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. We conducted in-depth interviews of 31 parents/adoptive guardians of high-school age Thai boys to explore parents' knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and barriers to promoting condom use and its role in preventing HIV/sexually transmitted infections. A descriptive phenomenological approach and thematic analysis was used...
March 16, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299520/on-farm-feeding-interventions-to-increase-milk-production-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#18
Metha Wanapat, Suban Foiklang, Kampanat Phesatcha, Chainarong Paoinn, Thiwakorn Ampapon, Thitima Norrapoke, Sungchhang Kang
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of tropical legume (Phaseolus calcaratus) mixed with ruzi grass feeding on the performance of lactating dairy cows. Eighty-eight lactating dairy cows from 22 smallholder dairy farms northeast of Thailand were assigned to respective dietary treatments according to a Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD). Four cows were selected from each farm and were allocated into two different feeding groups as follows: ruzi grass and P. calcaratus mixed with ruzi grass (1:1 ratio), respectively...
March 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298208/looking-back-to-move-forward-a-twenty-year-audit-of-herpes-zoster-in-asia-pacific
#19
REVIEW
Liang-Kung Chen, Hidenori Arai, Liang-Yu Chen, Ming-Yueh Chou, Samsuridjal Djauzi, Birong Dong, Taro Kojima, Ki Tae Kwon, Hoe Nam Leong, Edward M F Leung, Chih-Kuang Liang, Xiaohong Liu, Dilip Mathai, Jiun Yit Pan, Li-Ning Peng, Eduardo Rommel S Poblete, Philip J H Poi, Stewart Reid, Terapong Tantawichien, Chang Won Won
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is a prevalent viral disease that inflicts substantial morbidity and associated healthcare and socioeconomic burdens. Current treatments are not fully effective, especially among the most vulnerable patients. Although widely recommended, vaccination against HZ is not routine; barriers in Asia-Pacific include long-standing neglect of adult immunisation and sparse local data. To address knowledge gaps, raise awareness, and disseminate best practice, we reviewed recent data and guidelines on HZ from the Asia-Pacific region...
March 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296884/increased-von-willebrand-factor-decreased-adamts13-and-thrombocytopenia-in-melioidosis
#20
Emma Birnie, Gavin C K W Koh, Ester C Löwenberg, Joost C M Meijers, Rapeephan R Maude, Nicholas P J Day, Sharon J Peacock, Tom van der Poll, W Joost Wiersinga
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, caused by bioterror treat agent Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an important cause of community-acquired Gram-negative sepsis in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. New insights into the pathogenesis of melioidosis may help improve treatment and decrease mortality rates from this dreadful disease. We hypothesized that changes in Von Willebrand factor (VWF) function should occur in melioidosis, based on the presence of endothelial stimulation by endotoxin, pro-inflammatory cytokines and thrombin in melioidosis, and investigated whether this impacted on outcome...
March 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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