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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667916/fiscal-impact-of-smoking-cessation-in-thailand-a-government-perspective-cost-benefit-analysis
#1
Mark P Connolly, Nikolaos Kotsopoulos, Pichaya Suthipinijtham, Suthat Rungruanghiranya
We evaluate the broader public economic consequences of investments in smoking cessation that change lifetime productivity, which can influence future government tax revenue and social transfer costs and health care spending. The analysis applies a government perspective framework for assessing the intergenerational relationships between morbidity and mortality and lifetime tax revenue and social transfers received. Applying smoking prevalence in Thailand, a cohort model was developed for smoker and former smokers to estimate impact on lifetime direct taxes and tobacco taxes paid...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667877/practices-and-values-regarding-milk-consumption-among-pre-schoolers-in-bangkok
#2
Jomkwan Yothasamut, Laura Camfield, Michael Pfeil
PURPOSE: Thai government agencies and the business sector have been promoting milk consumption. Considering the robust and continual movements by those actors to promote milk consumption among children in Thailand at the national level, this study aims to investigate milk-consumption practices and values towards milk consumption at pre-school, family and individual levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional qualitative study employs observation and interview methods, along with the Ecological System Theory as a framework...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667059/energy-and-environmental-impact-analysis-of-rice-cultivation-and-straw-management-in-northern-thailand
#3
Sanwasan Yodkhum, Sate Sampattagul, Shabbir H Gheewala
Rice cultivation and energy use for rice production can produce the environmental impacts, especially related to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Also, rice straw open burning by farmers generally practiced after harvesting stage in Thailand for removing the residues in the rice field is associated with emissions of air pollutants, especially particulate matter formation that affects human health and global climate. This study assessed the environmental burdens, consisting of GHG emissions, energy use, and particulate matter formation (PM10), from rice cultivation in Thailand by life cycle assessment (LCA) and compared the environmental burdens of rice straw management scenarios: open burning, incorporation into soil, and direct combustion for electricity generation...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665803/plasmodium-vivax-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-dynamics-re-infections-recrudescences-and-relapses
#4
Michael T White, Stephan Karl, Cristian Koepfli, Rhea J Longley, Natalie E Hofmann, Rahel Wampfler, Ingrid Felger, Tom Smith, Wang Nguitragool, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Leanne Robinson, Azra Ghani, Ivo Mueller
BACKGROUND: In malaria endemic populations, complex patterns of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage infection dynamics may be observed. Genotyping samples from longitudinal cohort studies for merozoite surface protein (msp) variants increases the information available in the data, allowing multiple infecting parasite clones in a single individual to be identified. msp genotyped samples from two longitudinal cohorts in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Thailand were analysed using a statistical model where the times of acquisition and clearance of each clone in every individual were estimated using a process of data augmentation...
April 17, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665523/revealing-the-microbiota-of-marketed-edible-insects-through-pcr-dgge-metagenomic-sequencing-and-real-time-pcr
#5
Andrea Osimani, Vesna Milanović, Cristiana Garofalo, Federica Cardinali, Andrea Roncolini, Riccardo Sabbatini, Francesca De Filippis, Danilo Ercolini, Claudia Gabucci, Annalisa Petruzzelli, Franco Tonucci, Francesca Clementi, Lucia Aquilanti
The present study aimed to identify the microbiota present in six species of processed edible insects produced in Thailand and marketed worldwide via the internet, namely, giant water bugs (Belostoma lutarium), black ants (Polyrhachis), winged termites (alates, Termitoidae), rhino beetles (Hyboschema contractum), mole crickets (Gryllotalpidae), and silkworm pupae (Bombyx mori). For each species, two samples of boiled, dried and salted insects were purchased. The microbial DNA was extracted from the insect samples and subjected to polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE), high-throughput sequencing and qualitative real-time PCR assays...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662824/knowledge-regarding-factors-that-influence-fertility-in-thai-reproductive-age-population-living-in-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Sarapan Na Nakhon, Pawan Limvorapitux, Patsama Vichinsartvichai
Objective: To survey knowledge about the factors that influence fertility in a reproductive-age population living in an urban area. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire-based survey among both males and females aged 18-45 years living in the Bangkok metropolitan area. Results: The mean age of the participants was 26.8±7.2 years (male, 41.9%; female, 58.1%). Of the participants, 53.1% had an undergraduate degree and 57...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662684/a-comparison-of-combined-oral-contraceptives-containing-chlormadinone-acetate-versus-drospirenone-for-the-treatment-of-acne-and-dysmenorrhea-a-randomized-trial
#7
Unnop Jaisamrarn, Somsook Santibenchakul
Background: Oral contraceptives (OCs), aside from contraceptive efficacy, have been widely known for their non-contraceptive benefits. Different progestogens component of the OCs have been shown to improve the skin, hair, menstrual cycle related disorders and dysmenorrhoeic pain. Thus, we compared the efficacy of OCs containing ethinyl estradiol (EE) and chlormadinone acetate (CMA) versus OCs containing EE and drospirenone (DRSP) for the treatment of acne and dysmenorrhea. Methods: This study was an investigator-blinded, randomized, parallel group study conducted at the Family Planning Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662324/clinical-and-molecular-genetic-features-of-hb-h-and-ae-bart-s-diseases-in-central-thai-children
#8
Chanchai Traivaree, Boonchai Boonyawat, Chalinee Monsereenusorn, Piya Rujkijyanont, Apichat Photia
Background: α-Thalassemia, one of the major thalassemia types in Thailand, is caused by either deletion or non-deletional mutation of one or both α-globin genes. Inactivation of three α-globin genes causes hemoglobin H (Hb H) disease, and the combination of Hb H disease with heterozygous hemoglobin E (Hb E) results in AE Bart's disease. Objective: This study aimed to characterize the clinical and hematological manifestations of 76 pediatric patients with Hb H and AE Bart's diseases treated at Phramongkutklao Hospital, a tertiary care center for thalassemia patients in central Thailand...
2018: Application of Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661119/combined-fatal-systemic-chlamydia-sp-and-aeromonas-sobria-infection-in-juvenile-siamese-crocodiles-crocodylus-siamensis
#9
Pacharee Thongkamkoon, Nopporn Tohmee, Erin K Morris, Laksanee Inamnuay, Eric D Lombardini
Chlamydial infections in crocodiles have been described in several countries and in several different species. These are typically associated with severe pharyngitis and conjunctivitis, with death occurring secondary to compromise of the upper respiratory tract due to obstruction of the trachea. A population of ranched Siamese crocodiles in central Thailand experienced an epizootic of sudden death in juvenile animals. The affected animals had fulminant systemic disease primarily involving the liver and spleen but also affecting the kidneys, heart, and the whole of the respiratory tract...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657959/improvement-of-early-antenatal-care-initiation-the-effects-of-training-local-health-volunteers-in-the-community
#10
Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Nurlisa Oumudee, Masuenah Armeeroh, Niamina Nima, Nurosanah Duerahing
Background: Although antenatal care (ANC) coverage has been increasing in low- and middle-income countries, the adherence to the ANC initiation standards at gestational age <12 weeks was inadequate including Thailand. The study aimed to improve the rate of early ANC initiation by training the existing local health volunteers (LHVs) in 3 southernmost provinces of Thailand. Methods: A clustered nonrandomized intervention study was conducted from November 2012 to February 2014...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657815/rewilding-the-world-s-large-carnivores
#11
Christopher Wolf, William J Ripple
Earth's terrestrial large carnivores form a highly endangered group of species with unique conservation challenges. The majority of these species have experienced major geographical range contractions, which puts many of them at high risk of extinction or of becoming ecologically ineffective. As a result of these range contractions and the associated loss of intact predator guilds, the ecological effects of these species are now far less widespread and common, with inevitable consequences for ecosystem function...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657792/analysis-of-wild-macaque-stone-tools-used-to-crack-oil-palm-nuts
#12
T Proffitt, V L Luncz, S Malaivijitnond, M Gumert, M S Svensson, M Haslam
The discovery of oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ) nut-cracking by wild long-tailed macaques ( Macaca fascicularis ) is significant for the study of non-human primate and hominin percussive behaviour. Up until now, only West African chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes verus ) and modern human populations were known to use stone hammers to crack open this particular hard-shelled palm nut. The addition of non-habituated, wild macaques increases our comparative dataset of primate lithic percussive behaviour focused on this one plant species...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656499/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-36-blood-group-alleles-among-396-thai-samples-reveals-region-specific-variants
#13
Philaiphon Jongruamklang, Christoph Gassner, Stefan Meyer, Aksarakorn Kummasook, Marion Darlison, Chayanun Boonlum, Surin Chanta, Beat M Frey, Martin L Olsson, Jill R Storry
BACKGROUND: Blood group phenotype variation has been attributed to potential resistance to pathogen invasion. Variation was mapped in blood donors from Lampang (northern region) and Saraburi (central region), Thailand, where malaria is endemic. The previously unknown blood group allele profiles were characterized and the data were correlated with phenotypes. The high incidence of the Vel-negative phenotype previously reported in Thais was investigated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: DNA from 396 blood donors was analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
April 15, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653202/clinicopathological-feature-and-outcome-of-pythiosis
#14
Maria Nina Chitasombat, Noppadol Larbcharoensub, Ariya Chindamporn, Theerapong Krajaejun
OBJECTIVES: Vascular pythiosis is a life-threatening infection, caused by Pythium insidiosum. We presented the clinical presentation, serodiagnosis, pathology, and outcome from our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with proven vascular pythiosis at Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand from January 2006 to December 2016. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were analyzed, eight thalassemias. Five had aplastic anemia, myelodysplasia, acute leukemia, cirrhosis, and alcoholism...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648496/the-wisdom-of-thai-indigenous-healers-for-the-spiritual-healing-of-fractures
#15
Siriratana Juntaramano, Janerawee Swangareeruk, Tanida Khunboonchan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the wisdom of Thai indigenous healers (IHs) for physical and spiritual healing and their treatment process for fractures. METHOD: Twelve IHs from four regions of Thailand were selected using cluster and purposive sampling. They were interviewed on their methods for treating fractures. The Colaizzi method was used for analysis, and we returned to the IHs for validity confirmation. FINDINGS: The wisdom of IHs is believed to be inherited from ancestors and from a "sixth sense," their former teacher's spirit...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644107/cranial-index-in-a-modern-people-of-thai-ancestry
#16
Eun Jin Woo, Hyunwoo Jung, Tanvaa Tansatit
The present research aims to examine the cranial index in a modern people of Thai ancestry. Ultimately, this study will help to create a databank containing a cranial index for the classifications of the people from Asia. In this study, 185 modern crania of people of supposed Thai ancestry were examined. They were collected from the Department of Anatomy at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand. The maximum cranial length and breadth were measured using standard anthropometric instruments based on Martin's methods...
March 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643903/effectiveness-of-case-based-cultural-competency-among-nurses-working-in-private-hospitals-of-bangkok-thailand-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Pimkhwan Bunjitpimol, Ramesh Kumar, Ratana Somrongthong
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of case based cultural competency level and its factors affecting on nurse job in two private hospitals of Bangkok, Thailand. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study implemented the cased-based cultural competent intervention in two private hospitals of Thailand in 2015. One hundred sixty six nurses from two control and intervention private hospitals through simple random selection method were selected for this study. Data was collected at the beginning of study (pre-test), immediately after the intervention and after two months of intervention (post-test)...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643434/genetic-homogeneity-of-goat-malaria-parasites-in-asia-and-africa-suggests-their-expansion-with-domestic-goat-host
#18
Morakot Kaewthamasorn, Mika Takeda, Tawee Saiwichai, Jesse N Gitaka, Sonthaya Tiawsirisup, Yuhei Imasato, Ehab Mossaad, Ali Sarani, Winai Kaewlamun, Manun Channumsin, Suchart Chaiworakul, Wichit Katepongpun, Surapong Teeveerapunya, Jarus Panthong, Dominic K Mureithi, Saw Bawm, Lat Lat Htun, Mar Mar Win, Ahmed Ali Ismail, Abdalla Mohamed Ibrahim, Keisuke Suganuma, Hassan Hakimi, Ryo Nakao, Ken Katakura, Masahito Asada, Osamu Kaneko
Plasmodium was first identified in a goat in Angola in 1923, and only recently characterized by DNA isolation from a goat blood sample in Zambia. Goats were first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent approximately 10,000 years ago, and are now globally distributed. It is not known if the Plasmodium identified in African goats originated from parasites circulating in the local ungulates, or if it co-evolved in the goat before its domestication. To address this question, we performed PCR-based surveillance using a total of 1,299 goat blood samples collected from Sudan and Kenya in Africa, Iran in west Asia, and Myanmar and Thailand in southeast Asia...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642890/physicians-and-nurses-thoughts-and-concerns-about-introducing-neonatal-male-circumcision-in-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#19
Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Namtip Srirak, Boonlure Pruenglampoo, Kanittha Thaikla, Jiraporn Suwanteerangkul, Jiraporn Khorana, Vipa Danthamrongkul, Suchada Paileeklee, Uraiwan Pattanasattayavong, Deanna E Grimes, Richard M Grimes
BACKGROUND: Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) is an alternative approach to adult male circumcision for HIV prevention. Recent studies found that NMC was rarely performed in Thailand and that most Thai health professionals did not recognize that NMC could reduce the risk of HIV infection and would not want NMC services in their hospitals. This study explored the thoughts and concerns of Thai government health staff regarding the introduction of NMC in government health facilities as a public health measure...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629190/antibiotics-and-activity-spaces-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-of-behaviour-marginalisation-and-knowledge-diffusion
#20
Marco J Haenssgen, Nutcha Charoenboon, Giacomo Zanello, Mayfong Mayxay, Felix Reed-Tsochas, Caroline O H Jones, Romyen Kosaikanont, Pollavat Praphattong, Pathompong Manohan, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton, Sommay Keomany, Heiman F L Wertheim, Jeffrey Lienert, Thipphaphone Xayavong, Penporn Warapikuptanun, Yuzana Khine Zaw, Patchapoom U-Thong, Patipat Benjaroon, Narinnira Sangkham, Kanokporn Wibunjak, Poowadon Chai-In, Sirirat Chailert, Patthanan Thavethanutthanawin, Krittanon Promsutt, Amphayvone Thepkhamkong, Nicksan Sithongdeng, Maipheth Keovilayvanh, Nid Khamsoukthavong, Phaengnitta Phanthasomchit, Chanthasone Phanthavong, Somsanith Boualaiseng, Souksakhone Vongsavang, Rachel C Greer, Thomas Althaus, Supalert Nedsuwan, Daranee Intralawan, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Proochista Ariana
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health priority. Leading UK and global strategy papers to fight AMR recognise its social and behavioural dimensions, but current policy responses to improve the popular use of antimicrobials (eg, antibiotics) are limited to education and awareness-raising campaigns. In response to conceptual, methodological and empirical weaknesses of this approach, we study people's antibiotic-related health behaviour through three research questions...
2018: BMJ Global Health
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