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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803564/international-psychogeriatrics-paper-of-the-year-2016
#1
Nicola T Lautenschlager
Since 2014, the year in which International Psychogeriatrics celebrated 25 years of existence, International Psychogeriatrics has featured a "paper of the month" (POM) category. Chosen by the editorial team which ranks available new International Psychogeriatrics manuscripts from the categories "original research articles" and "reviews," a POM is identified representing high scientific quality and clinical relevance. Each POM is accompanied by a short commentary highlighting its findings and relevance. For the year 2016 this resulted in twelve papers of the month of which nine were original research articles and three were systematic reviews or meta-analyses...
August 14, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733180/association-between-malnutrition-and-oral-health-in-dutch-nursing-home-residents-results-of-the-lpz-study
#2
Viviënne A L Huppertz, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Ruud J G Halfens, Jos M G A Schols, Lisette C P G M de Groot
INTRODUCTION: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and FDI World Dental Federation (FDI), malnutrition and bad oral health are of great concern to global health, especially among the older population. This study aimed to assess the associations between oral health problems ([artificial] teeth problems, chewing problems, and xerostomia) and malnutrition in residents of somatic and psychogeriatric wards in Dutch nursing homes. METHODS: Data of the cross-sectional National Prevalence Measurement of Quality of Care study (Landelijke Prevalentiemeting Zorgproblemen study) in the Netherlands were used to evaluate nutritional status and oral health of 3220 residents, aged 65 or older and living in somatic or psychogeriatric wards in Dutch nursing homes...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701239/the-role-of-primary-care-in-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-dementia-a-time-of-transition
#3
Constance Dimity Pond
In this edition of International Psychogeriatrics, Pertrazzuoli et al. (2017) address attitudes to dementia by primary care physicians (PCPs) across a range of European countries. The article focusses on diagnosis, screening instruments and drug treatment, and finds a wide range of approaches to the PCPs' role in referral for diagnosis and medication prescription. The findings include that PCPs who are allowed to prescribe dementia drugs, engage in higher levels of diagnostic work up, despite all the barriers to identification ably summarized in the paper...
July 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693652/professional-caregivers-experiences-with-the-liverpool-care-pathway-in-dementia-an-ethnographic-study-in-a-dutch-nursing-home
#4
Natashe Lemos Dekker, Marjolein Gysels, Jenny T van der Steen
OBJECTIVE: There are few studies on how professional caregivers apply the Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) in nursing home care for people with dementia. Further, despite critiques in the United Kingdom, the LCP continues to be used in the Netherlands, while, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have been conducted since its implementation. The purpose of the present study was to analyze professional caregivers' experiences with the LCP in this context. METHOD: This article draws on an ethnographic study...
July 11, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685703/intoxication-with-alcohol-at-the-time-of-self-harm-and-pre-existing-involvement-with-mental-health-services-are-associated-with-a-pre-disposition-to-repetition-of-self-harming-behavior-in-a-large-cohort-of-older-new-zealanders-presenting-with-an-index-episode
#5
David Ames
The paper on predictors of repeat self-harm and suicide by Cheung et al. (2017), which has been chosen by the editorial team as paper of the month for this issue of International Psychogeriatrics, makes a very useful contribution to the study of self-harm and suicide in late life. Of 339 individuals presenting with an index episode of self-harm to one of seven Emergency Departments (EDs) in New Zealand, close to 15% harmed themselves again within one year and for nearly one in six of these 50 people, the repeat episode was fatal...
August 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681056/training-eldercare-workers-in-mental-healthcare
#6
Gwen Li Sin, Donald Yeo, Hwan Jing Koh, Jimmy Lee, Li Ling Ng
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of older persons requiring support or care services have mental health concerns. There is a need to equip frontline eldercare workers with the necessary skills in caring for older persons with mental illnesses. The Community Psychogeriatric Programme aims to support community eldercare providers with training and consultation. We set out to measure eldercare workers' perceived levels of stress and knowledge on caring for older persons with mental illness before (pre-workshop), immediately after (post-workshop) and three months after (three-month follow-up) undergoing standardised training workshops on dementia and depression...
July 6, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669365/incidence-of-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-in-the-netherlands-an-estimation-based-on-three-differently-designed-studies
#7
T P Zomer, T VAN DER Maaden, A B VAN Gageldonk-Lafeber, S C DE Greeff, J T VAN DER Steen, L Verhoef
Pneumonia leads to considerable morbidity and mortality in nursing home residents with dementia. We assessed pneumonia incidence based on data from three different studies: (1) real-time national surveillance of healthcare-associated infections in nursing home residents in 2009-2015; (2) a randomized controlled trial in 2012-2015 to assess effects of a practical guideline in nursing home residents with dementia and pneumonia; and (3) a study in 2007-2010 to assess quality of dying in newly admitted nursing home residents with dementia...
July 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#8
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639232/-electroencephalography-in-delirium-superimposed-on-dementia
#9
Judith I Hanemaaijer, Viona J M Wijnen, W A van Gool
Recognizing delirium superimposed on pre-existing cognitive impairment or dementia, 'delirium superimposed on dementia' (DSD), is challenging because signs of delirium might be interpreted as symptoms of pre-existing cognitive dysfunction.In this paper, we review the literature on the role of electrencephalography (EEG) in the differential diagnosis of delirium, dementia and DSD.Conventional EEG, applying twenty to thirty electrodes, taking thirty minutes registration, is not feasible in psychogeriatric patients...
June 21, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629480/a-bifactor-and-item-response-analysis-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory
#10
H Molde, K M Hynninen, T Torsheim, A B Bendixen, K Engedal, N A Pachana, I H Nordhus
BACKGROUND: Due to previously reported mixed findings, there is a need for further empirical research on the factorial structure of the commonly used Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI). Therefore, the psychometric properties of the GAI and its short form version (GAI-SF) were evaluated in a psychogeriatric mixed in-and-out patient sample (n = 543). METHODS: Unidimensionality was tested using a bifactor analysis. Rasch modeling was used to assess scale properties...
June 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500488/-analysis-of-intrusion-errors-in-free-recall
#11
H F A Diesfeldt
Extra-list intrusion errors during five trials of the eight-word list-learning task of the Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test (ADST) were investigated in 823 consecutive psychogeriatric patients (87.1% suffering from major neurocognitive disorder). Almost half of the participants (45.9%) produced one or more intrusion errors on the verbal recall test. Correct responses were lower when subjects made intrusion errors, but learning slopes did not differ between subjects who committed intrusion errors and those who did not so...
June 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488297/frailty-in-older-adults-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-as-a-result-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-comparison-of-two-models-of-frailty-characterization
#12
Natália O C Cezar, Rafael Izbicki, Diego Cardoso, Jouce G Almeida, Leandro Valiengo, Marina V Z Camargo, Orestes V Forlenza, Monica S Yassuda, Ivan Aprahamian
AIM: To verify the prevalence and presence of frailty markers, and their relationship to cognitive function among older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHODS: This was an observational study with transversal analyses. Older adults with aMCI as a result of Alzheimer's disease (n = 40) were compared with healthy controls (n = 26) at the Psychogeriatric Outpatient Unit, Institute and Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo...
May 10, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389998/psychotropic-drug-related-fall-incidents-in-nursing-home-residents-living-in-the-eastern-part-of-the-netherlands
#13
Sarah I M Janus, Gezinus H Reinders, Jeannette G van Manen, Sytse U Zuidema, Maarten J IJzerman
BACKGROUND: Older people are more susceptible to falls than younger people. Therefore, as the Dutch population ages, the total number of falls and costs associated with them will rise. The use of psychotropic drugs is associated with an increased risk of falling. To create tailored fall-prevention programmes, information on the magnitude of the association between fall incidents and specific psychotropic drugs or drug classes is needed. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to delineate the associations between fall incidents and specific psychotropic drugs or drug classes...
June 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125977/supporting-clinical-rules-engine-in-the-adjustment-of-medication-scream-protocol-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomised-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlota Mestres Gonzalvo, Hugo A J M de Wit, Brigit P C van Oijen, Kim P G M Hurkens, Rob Janknegt, Jos M G A Schols, Wubbo J Mulder, Frans R Verhey, Bjorn Winkens, Paul-Hugo M van der Kuy
BACKGROUND: In the nursing home population, it is estimated that 1 in every 3 patients is polymedicated and given their considerable frailty, these patients are especially prone to adverse drug reactions. Clinical pharmacist-led medication reviews are considered successful interventions to improve medication safety in the inpatient setting. Due to the limited available evidence concerning the benefits of medication reviews performed in the nursing home setting, we propose a study aiming to demonstrate a positive effect that a clinical decision support system, as a health care intervention, may have on the target population...
January 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103856/relationship-between-the-presence-of-baccalaureate-educated-rns-and-quality-of-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-dutch-long-term-care-facilities
#15
Ramona Backhaus, Erik van Rossum, Hilde Verbeek, Ruud J G Halfens, Frans E S Tan, Elizabeth Capezuti, Jan P H Hamers
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that an increase in baccalaureate-educated registered nurses (BRNs) leads to better quality of care in hospitals. For geriatric long-term care facilities such as nursing homes, this relationship is less clear. Most studies assessing the relationship between nurse staffing and quality of care in long-term care facilities are US-based, and only a few have focused on the unique contribution of registered nurses. In this study, we focus on BRNs, as they are expected to serve as role models and change agents, while little is known about their unique contribution to quality of care in long-term care facilities...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095944/applications-of-the-propensity-score-weighting-method-in-psychogeriatric-research-correcting-selection-bias-and-adjusting-for-confounders
#16
Chung-Chou H Chang
The propensity score (PS) weighting method is an analytic technique that has been applied in multiple fields for a number of purposes. Here, we discuss two common applications, which are (1) to correct for selection bias and (2) to adjust for confounding variables when estimating the effect of an exposure variable on the outcome of interest.
January 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088168/do-nursing-staff-encourage-functional-activity-among-nursing-home-residents-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nursing-staff-perceived-behaviors-and-associated-factors
#17
Nienke O Kuk, Mirre den Ouden, G A Rixt Zijlstra, Jan P H Hamers, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Gerrie J J W Bours
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents are mainly inactive. Nursing staff can encourage residents to perform functional activities during daily care activities. This study examines 1) the extent to which nursing staff perceive that they encourage functional activity in nursing home residents and 2) the associations between these nursing behaviors and professional characteristics, contextual factors, and information-seeking behaviors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 368 registered nurses and certified nurse assistants, working in somatic and psychogeriatric wards of forty-one nursing homes throughout the Netherlands participated...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051894/can-depression-in-psychogeriatric-inpatients-at-one-year-follow-up-be-explained-by-locus-of-control-and-coping-strategies
#18
Guro Hanevold Bjørkløf, Knut Engedal, Geir Selbæk, Deborah Bezerra Maia, Tom Borza, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Anne-Sofie Helvik
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of depression (in late life) is good. The short-term, but not long-term prognosis after treatment of depression in late life is good. To identify modifiable factors, we wanted to examine whether coping in terms of locus of control and coping strategies in depressed patients were associated with the prognosis of depression at follow-up, adjusted for sociodemographic information and health variables. METHOD: In total, 122 patients (mean age 75...
January 4, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940368/work-environment-characteristics-associated-with-quality-of-care-in-dutch-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ramona Backhaus, Erik van Rossum, Hilde Verbeek, Ruud J G Halfens, Frans E S Tan, Elizabeth Capezuti, Jan P H Hamers
BACKGROUND: A lack of relationship between direct care staffing levels and quality of care, as found in prior studies, underscores the importance of considering the quality of the work environment instead of only considering staff ratios. Only a few studies, however, have combined direct care staffing with work environment characteristics when assessing the relationship with quality of care in nursing homes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between direct care staffing levels, work environment characteristics and perceived quality of care in Dutch nursing homes...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916393/changes-in-frailty-status-and-risk-of-depression-results-from-the-progetto-veneto-anziani-longitudinal-study
#20
Marina De Rui, Nicola Veronese, Caterina Trevisan, Sara Carraro, Linda Berton, Stefania Maggi, Sabina Zambon, Maria Chiara Corti, Giovannella Baggio, Brendon Stubbs, Egle Perissinotto, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prefrailty was associated with the risk of developing depression and if longitudinal changes in frailty status corresponded to changes in incident depression during follow up. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study was conducted for 4.4 years in two separate geographic areas near the city of Padua in the Veneto Region of Northern Italy. In 891 nondepressed, nonfrail, community-dwelling Italian subjects aged ≥ 65 (46...
February 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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