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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717689/advancing-our-diagnostic-tools-and-treatment-options-for-delirium
#1
Dan G Blazer
Delirium is one of the most prevalent and disabling conditions impacting older adults in hospitals and long-term care settings. The estimates of frequency of delirium in hospitals and nursing homes among older adults range widely, yet it is safe to assume that perhaps as many as 25-30% of elderly individuals in hospitals experience an episode of delirium, often undetected unless a regular screening process is implemented. Until the past couple of decades, actual research into delirium had been sparse and done little to inform clinical practice...
April 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695983/sexual-quality-of-life-sexual-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-older-adults-on-the-example-of-inhabitants-over-60s-of-bialystok-poland
#2
Mateusz Cybulski, Lukasz Cybulski, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak, Magda Orzechowska, Urszula Cwalina, Marek Jasinski
Introduction: Aging has a strong influence on the quality of relationships and sexual functioning, but in itself does not cause a lack of sexual desire. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of sexual life and define sexual knowledge and attitudes of older people on the example of residents of Bialystok, Poland at the age of 60 and over. Methods: The study included 170 people, inhabitants of Bialystok, Poland aged over 60: 85 students of the University of Healthy Senior and the University of Psychogeriatric Prophylaxis and 85 students of the University of the Third Age...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692605/preferences-and-attitudes-of-older-adults-of-bialystok-poland-toward-the-use-of-over-the-counter-drugs
#3
Mateusz Cybulski, Lukasz Cybulski, Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak, Magda Orzechowska, Urszula Cwalina
Purpose: The aim of the study was to assess preferences and attitudes toward the use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs among residents of Bialystok aged 60 or older. Patients and methods: The study included 170 people, inhabitants of Bialystok aged over 60: 85 students of the University of a Healthy Senior and the University of Psychogeriatric Prophylaxis, and 85 students of the University of the Third Age in Bialystok. The study made use of a diagnostic survey conducted via a questionnaire prepared by the authors...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683204/oral-status-cognitive-function-and-dependency-among-new-zealand-nursing-home-residents
#4
William M Thomson, Moira B Smith, Catherine Anna Ferguson, Ngaire M Kerse, Kathryn Peri, Barry Gribben
OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical oral disease and its association with cognitive function and dependency among older New Zealanders in residential aged care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National survey of oral health in aged residential care throughout New Zealand. We classified residents into 1 of 3 levels of care: "low dependency care (or assisted living)"; "high dependency care"; or "specialist dementia care/psychogeriatric care." The Abbreviated Mental Test characterised cognitive function as "unimpaired" (scores of 7-10), "moderately impaired" (4-6) or "severely impaired" (0-3)...
April 23, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567618/subjective-and-objective-sleep-quality-in-elderly-individuals-the-role-of-psychogeriatric-evaluation
#5
Vanessa Ibáñez-Del Valle, Josep Silva, Ana-Belén Castelló-Domenech, Mary Martinez-Martinez, Yolanda Verdejo, Laura Sanantonio-Camps, Omar Cauli
Aging affects sleep and sleep problems are common in older individuals. However, the relationship between objective and subjective tools for analysing sleep and psycho-geriatric variables have not been tested in institutionalised older individuals. This work analyses sleep quality by using actigraphy as an objective tool and validates the Athens and Oviedo sleep questionnaires in octogenarian elderly individuals as subjective scales of sleep perception. All patients wore an actigraph device for one week and then completed the Athens and Oviedo clinical sleep-evaluation questionnaires...
March 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560835/how-argentina-is-training-their-mental-health-residents-to-face-its-silver-tsunami
#6
Sergio A Strejilevich, Florencia Vallejos, Julian Bustin
In low- and middle-income countries, there is an increase in the percentage of aging population similar to or greater than that of high-income countries (World Population Ageing 1950-2050, UN, 2001). The emerging health and economical challenges due to these demographic changes will have to be addressed by their health systems. In this context, an adequate training of available human resources in geriatric psychiatry/psychogeriatrics (GP/PG) should be an essential step to meet those challenges.
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393207/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-electronic-pain-assessment-tool-an-innovative-instrument-for-individuals-with-moderate-to-severe-dementia
#7
Mustafa Atee, Kreshnik Hoti, Jeffery D Hughes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pain is common in aged care residents with dementia; yet it often goes undetected. A novel tool, the electronic Pain Assessment Tool (ePAT), was developed to address this challenging problem. We investigated the psychometric properties of the ePAT. METHODS: In a 10-week prospective observational study, the ePAT was evaluated by comparison against the Abbey Pain Scale (APS). Pain assessments were blindly co-performed by the ePAT rater against the nursing staff of two residential aged care facilities...
2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355476/international-psychogeriatrics-turns-a-new-page-new-editor-begins-his-term
#8
Dilip V Jeste
It is a great honor and a privilege to be appointed as the new Editor-in-Chief of the International Psychogeriatrics (IPG), the flagship journal of the premier international geriatric psychiatry organization - the International Psychogeriatric Association (IPA). I am a proud Life Member of the IPA, and have been involved in different activities of the IPA over the past three decades.
January 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354223/increased-csf-levels-of-total-tau-in-patients-with-subcortical-cerebrovascular-pathology-and-cognitive-impairment
#9
Márcia Radanovic, Florindo Stella, Lis Gomes Silva, Leda L Talib, Orestes V Forlenza
Cognitive impairment includes mild cognitive decline and dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebrovascular-related pathologies. Objective: To investigate the profile of AD-related CSF biomarkers in a sample of cognitively impaired and unimpaired older adults with concomitant subcortical cerebrovascular burden. Methods: Seventy-eight older adults attending an outpatient psychogeriatric clinic were enrolled. Diagnoses were based on clinical, neuropsychological, laboratory, and neuroimaging data...
October 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338602/sequential-drug-treatment-algorithm-for-agitation-and-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-and-mixed-dementia
#10
Simon Jc Davies, Amer M Burhan, Donna Kim, Philip Gerretsen, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Vincent L Woo, Sanjeev Kumar, Sarah Colman, Bruce G Pollock, Benoit H Mulsant, Tarek K Rajji
INTRODUCTION: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) include agitation and aggression in people with dementia. BPSD is common on inpatient psychogeriatric units and may prevent individuals from living at home or in residential/nursing home settings. Several drugs and non-pharmacological treatments have been shown to be effective in reducing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Algorithmic treatment may address the challenge of synthesizing this evidence-based knowledge...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287728/-towards-a-national-strategy-on-the-diagnosis-of-neurocognitive-disorders-a-shared-approach-among-the-french-national-college-of-general-practitioners-and-specialists-of-neurocognitive-disorders
#11
Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Laurent Letrilliart, Mathieu Ceccaldi, Sandrine Andrieu, Olivier Guérin, Bruno Dubois, Bruno Brochet, Pierre Vandel, Claude Jeandel, Armelle Leperre-Desplanques, Michel Clanet, Pierre-Louis Druais
Neurocognitive disorders leading to progressive cognitive, functional and behavioural impairment are often undiagnosed or diagnosed lately. But tailored care and therapeutics help in implementing secondary and tertiary prevention dynamics aiming at preserving quality of life and delaying, anticipating or preventing behavioural crisis and severe stages of dementia. Moreover, the diagnosis of numerous diseases induces specific care and therapeutics, as well access to research and clinical trials. For the first time, the representatives of the National College of General Practitioners, the French Federation of Memory Centres, the French Federation of Gerontology and Geriatrics, the French Federation of Neurology, the French Society of Psychogeriatrics and the national plan on neurodegenerative diseases propose a graduated and tailored diagnosis strategy involving primary care and specialists of neurocognitive disorders...
January 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187331/difficulties-in-the-management-of-elderly-migrants
#12
Charlemagne Simplice Moukouta, Kossigan Kokou-Kpolou, Daniel Mbassa Menick, Hélène Deligne, Marianne Dailly, Fayek Soltani
Based on an in-depth case study, the authors of this paper highlight the difficulties faced by caregivers in the psychogeriatric care for elderly migrants. They show how both the history of emigration and the migratory experience can make this management complex. They articulate their reflection on the difficulties of diagnosis and therapeutic relationship, on the linguistic barrier around the question of old age in migration context. For the effective management of the elderly migrant, the authors suggest a strengthening of intercultural skills for caregivers...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056948/association-of-cardiovascular-system-medications-with-cognitive-function-and-dementia-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-in-australia
#13
Enwu Liu, Suzanne M Dyer, Lisa Kouladjian O'Donnell, Rachel Milte, Clare Bradley, Stephanie L Harrison, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Craig Whitehead, Maria Crotty
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between cardiovascular system medication use with cognition function and diagnosis of dementia in older adults living in nursing homes in Australia. METHODS: As part of a cross-sectional study of 17 Australian nursing homes examining quality of life and resource use, we examined the association between cognitive impairment and cardiovascular medication use (identified using the Anatomical Therapeutic Classification System) using general linear regression and logistic regression models...
June 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037109/the-process-of-co-creating-the-interface-for-venster-an-interactive-artwork-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#14
Gaston Jamin, Tom Luyten, Rob Delsing, Susy Braun
INTRODUCTION: Interactive art installations might engage nursing home residents with dementia. The main aim of this article was to describe the challenging design process of an interactive artwork for nursing home residents, in co-creation with all stakeholders and to share the used methods and lessons learned. This process is illustrated by the design of the interface of VENSTER as a case. METHODS: Nursing home residents from the psychogeriatric ward, informal caregivers, client representatives, health care professionals and members of the management team were involved in the design process, which consisted of three phases: (1) identify requirements, (2) develop a prototype and (3) conduct usability tests...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018558/management-of-common-mental-disorders-for-psychogeriatric-patients-in-hong-kong-a-comparison-of-two-clinics
#15
Mimi Mei Cheung Wong, Pui-Fai Pang, Michael Gar Chung Yiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965536/effect-of-an-ageing-population-on-services-for-the-elderly-in-the-northern-territory
#16
Michael Lowe, Pasqualina Coffey
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe the elderly population of the Northern Territory (NT), explore the challenges of delivering aged care services to this population and implications for the acute care sector.Methods Data gathered from a variety of sources were used to describe the demographic and health profile of elderly Territorians, the aged care structure and services in the NT, and admission trends of elderly patients in NT hospitals. Information regarding NT community and residential aged care services was sourced from government reports...
October 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965500/dear-editors-of-the-special-issue-of-international-psychogeriatric-on-social-health
#17
Jean-Bernard Mabire, Marie-Claire Gay, Pierre Vrignaud, Catherine Garitte, Yun-Hee Jeon, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen
Dementia can interfere with the maintenance of social interactions. The ability to participate in social interactions is one of the elements that enables good social health (Hubert et al., 2011), and having dementia does not automatically eliminates the person's opportunity to have good social health (Vernooij-Dassen and Jeon, 2016). We highlighted in a previous study that people with dementia who did not know each other interacted spontaneously when they were in a stimulating social interaction setting (Mabire et al...
October 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963865/treating-late-life-depression-comparing-the-effects-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#18
Megan J Hobbs, Amy E Joubert, Alison E J Mahoney, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: The burden attributable to late-life depression is set to increase with the ageing population. The size of the workforce trained to deliver psychogeriatric medicine is limited. Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) is an efficacious and scalable treatment option for depression. Yet older adults are underrepresented in iCBT research. This study examines the effects of iCBT for depression across the adult lifespan among patients seeking help in routine clinical care (N = 1288)...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956311/-the-visual-association-test-to-study-episodic-memory-in-clinical-geriatric-psychology
#19
Han Diesfeldt, Marleen Prins, Gijs Lauret
The Visual Association Test (VAT) is a brief learning task that consists of six line drawings of pairs of interacting objects (association cards). Subjects are asked to name or identify each object and later are presented with one object from the pair (the cue) and asked to name the other (the target). The VAT was administered in a consecutive sample of 174 psychogeriatric day care participants with mild to major neurocognitive disorder. Comparison of test performance with normative data from non-demented subjects revealed that 69% scored within the range of a major deficit (0-8 over two recall trials), 14% a minor, and 17% no deficit (9-10, and ≥10 respectively)...
April 2018: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949318/psychogeriatric-diagnoses-in-old-people-s-homes-and-negative-health-behavior
#20
Spomenka Tomek-Roksandić, Ivana Popek, Nada Tomasović Mrčela, Zvonimir Šostar, Branko Kolarić, Nina Smolej Narančić, Ana Stavljenić Rukavina, Mate Ljubičić
BACKGROUND: The study was designed as a gerontologic-public health analysis of the relationship between the leading and accompanying psychogeriatric diagnoses and negative health behaviors recorded in the old people's home users, with the aim to evaluate and redefine gerontologic-public health priorities and geroprophylactic measures, with special reference to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. SUBJECT AND METHODS: Gerontologic-public health indicators obtained by monitoring health care needs of the elderly in specific institutional primary health care at 10 old people's homes (N=1185) in Croatia in 2013 were analyzed using the professional methodology developed at Department of Health Gerontology, Andrija Štampar Teaching Institute of Public Health (Registry List 1 that refers to monitoring specific primary health care needs of elderly at old people's homes)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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