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elderly depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147119/psychosocial-factors-predicting-length-of-hospitalization-in-elderly-individuals-with-diabetes-in-selected-hospitals-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences-isfahan-iran-in-2015
#1
Omeleila Baharlooei, Mousa Alavi, Marzieh Adelmehraban
BACKGROUND: Currently, researchers seek to identify factors related to length of hospital stay in elderly in order to reduce burden on the health system. The importance of either physiological or psychological factors in determining health outcomes has been well stablished; however, the possible contribution of psychosocial factors particularly in elderly patients with diabetes is also of special importance. This study aimed to know what psychosocial variables predicts length of hospital stay in elderly patients with diabetes...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143531/the-population-mean-mood-predicts-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-an-australian-context
#2
Aaron D Sia, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco, Felice N Jacka, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: The mean population mood has been demonstrated to strongly correlate with the prevalence of depression in European populations. Mean population mood has, therefore, been proposed as both a metric to measure the impact of population-level interventions to prevent depression and a target for public health policy. AIM: To demonstrate the relationship between mean population mood and the prevalence of depression using Australian data in order to broaden the applicability of this finding to the Australian population...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141399/factors-affecting-cognitive-function-according-to-gender-of-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#3
Kim Miwon, Jeongmo Park
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender. Methods: 4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression. Results: There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled...
November 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138992/use-of-ketamine-in-elderly-patients-with-treatment-resistant-depression
#4
REVIEW
Carolina Medeiros da Frota Ribeiro, Patricio Riva-Posse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the use of ketamine as an antidepressant for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in the geriatric population. Available treatment options for late-life treatment-resistant depression are limited and include electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation as well as possible pharmacologic augmentation. Ketamine has been shown to be a promising treatment in TRD; however, data regarding the use of ketamine in the elderly includes only five case reports...
November 15, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138901/-which-factors-are-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inadequate-medications-pim-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-degs1
#5
Heinz G Endres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Hildtraud Knopf, Petra A Thürmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate a relationship between the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for patients 65 years or older and an increased risk for adverse events, in particular hospitalisations. The RKI conducted DEGS1-Survey ("German health interview and examination survey for adults") provides a representative sample of the target population to identify determinants for PIM use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of older persons in Germany, who currently use PIM, and if there are subpopulations among older persons with a particularly high PIM use...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136603/prolonged-grief-reactions-after-old-age-spousal-loss-and-centrality-of-the-loss-in-post-loss-identity
#6
Lena Eckholdt, Lynn Watson, Maja O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The loss of a spouse is a major life event. Previous research found that centrality of the loss to one's identity using Centrality of Event Scale (CES) is related to complicated bereavement reactions, such as depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and prolonged grief symptoms (PGS). This study aims to examine loss-centrality in elderly bereaved people up to 4 years post loss, to determine the relation of loss-centrality to complicated bereavement reactions, such as PGS, depression, and PTS, and to identify early predictors of loss-centrality...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128295/the-impact-of-peer-mentor-communication-with-older-adults-on-depressive-symptoms-and-working-alliance-a-pilot-study
#7
Jin Hui Joo, Seungyoung Hwang, Joseph J Gallo, Debra L Roter
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to describe peer communication in meetings with depressed elders, associate their relationship with working alliance and depression and assess congruence of communication with training. METHODS: Three peers with a history of depression, in recovery, received 20h of training in peer mentoring for depression as part of an 8-week pilot program for 23 depressed older adults. Each peer-client meeting was recorded; a sample of 69 recorded meetings were chosen across the program period and coded with the Roter Interaction Analysis System, a validated medical interaction analysis system...
October 20, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126638/mental-disease-related-emergency-admissions-attributable-to-hot-temperatures
#8
Suji Lee, Hwanhee Lee, Woojae Myung, E Jin Kim, Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: The association between high temperature and mental disease has been the focus of several studies worldwide. However, no studies have focused on the mental disease burden attributable to hot temperature. Here, we aim to quantify the risk attributed to hot temperatures based on the exposure-lag-response relationship between temperature and mental diseases. METHOD: From data on daily temperature and emergency admissions (EA) for mental diseases collected from 6 major cities (Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Daegu, Busan, and Gwangju in South Korea) over a period of 11years (2003-2013), we estimated temperature-disease associations using a distributed lag non-linear model, and we pooled the data by city through multivariate meta-analysis...
November 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126351/the-factors-associated-with-geriatric-depression-in-rural-china-stratified-by-household-structure
#9
Fengfeng Gong, Dongdong Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhao, Shanshan Lu, Zhenzhong Qian, Yehuan Sun
Depressive symptoms and empty nest phenomenon of rural elderly people are both important public health issues, which should not be ignored. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and related factors of the empty nest elderly in rural China. We recruited 3182 eligible subjects and gathered data by face-to-face interview. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to explore the related factors of depressive symptoms. The present study showed that the prevalence of depressive symptoms significantly differed between empty nest old adults and non-empty nesters (24...
November 10, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125861/identification-of-hospitalized-elderly-patients-at-risk-for-adverse-in-hospital-outcomes-in-a-university-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-environment
#10
Janine Gronewold, Christian Dahlmann, Marcus Jäger, Dirk M Hermann
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of demographic changes, hospitals are confronted with increasing numbers of elderly patients, who are at high risk of adverse events during hospitalization. Geriatric risk screening followed by comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and treatment has been requested by geriatric societies and task forces to identify patients at risk. Since empirical evidence on factors predisposing to adverse hospital events is scarce, we now prospectively evaluated implications of geriatric risk screening followed by CGA in a university hospital department of orthopedics and trauma surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125327/obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-affects-amyloid-burden-in-cognitively-normal-elderly-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Ram A Sharma, Andrew W Varga, Omonigho M Bubu, Elizabeth Pirraglia, Korey Kam, Ankit Parekh, Margaret Wohlleber, Margo D Miller, Andreia Andrade, Clifton Lewis, Samuel Tweardy, Maja Buj, Po L Yau, Reem Sadda, Lisa Mosconi, Yi Li, Tracy Butler, Lidia Glodzik, Els Fieremans, James S Babb, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Shou E Lu, Sandra G Badia, Sergio Romero, Ivana Rosenzweig, Nadia Gosselin, Girardin Jean-Louis, David M Rapoport, Mony J de Leon, Indu Ayappa, Ricardo S Osorio
RATIONALE: Recent evidence suggests that Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) may be a risk factor for developing Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease. However, how sleep apnea affects longitudinal risk for Alzheimer's disease is less well understood. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is an association between severity of OSA and longitudinal increase in amyloid burden in cognitively normal elderly. METHODS: Data was derived from a 2-year prospective longitudinal study that sampled community-dwelling healthy cognitively normal elderly...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121560/evaluation-of-attempted-older-adults-suicides-admitted-to-a-university-hospital-emergency-department-izmir-study
#12
Duygu Keskin Gokcelli, Pınar Tosun Tasar, Nur Ozge Akcam, Sevnaz Sahin, Funda Karbek Akarca, Ekin Ozgur Aktas, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcicek, Aysin Noyan
INTRODUCTION: Advanced age is one of the risk factors for attempting suicide. Suicide attempts are one of the reasons for elderly patients to admit emergency services. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between suicidal behavior and sociodemographic factors and concurrent somatic diseases. METHODS: The medical records of patients aged 60 years and over who presented to the emergency department of our university hospital for attempted suicide between the dates of January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2015 were screened retrospectively...
October 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120929/risk-factors-for-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-and-failure-to-rescue-a-review
#13
Kapil Gupta, Arun Prasad, Mahesh Nagappa, Jean Wong, Lusine Abrahamyan, Frances Chung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary objective of this review is to identify the risk factors for opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) in the postoperative period. RECENT FINDINGS: In the postoperative period, OIRD has often been reported resulting in morbidity and mortality. The risk factors which predispose surgical patients to increased risk of OIRD are not clearly defined. A literature search was performed for adult surgical patients who were prescribed opioids during their hospital stay and any available reports on postoperative respiratory depression/respiratory events...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120563/diagnosing-and-managing-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Sophie Behrman, Vyara Valkanova, Charlotte L Allan
There has been a rapid rise in the number of people diagnosed with dementia in England from 232,000 in 2008 to 850,000 in 2014. Currently, it is estimated that the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment in adults aged 65 and over is 10-20%. It is likely that this figure will increase in line with trends in dementia diagnosis. In some cases, mild cognitive impairment may be a prodrome for dementia, and my be caused by any of the dementia pathology subtypes. The relationship between depression in the elderly and mild cognitive impairment is difficult to tease out as they are frequently comorbid conditions and both have been found to be independent risk factors for subsequent dementia: about 10% convert to dementia each year, compared with 1-2% of the general elderly population...
May 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118292/-impact-of-frailty-and-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-incidence-of-loss-of-independence-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-the-kusatsu-town-study
#15
Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai, Yu Taniguchi, Hidenori Amano, Satoshi Seino, Yuri Yokoyama, Mariko Nishi, Yoshinori Fujiwara
Objectives To investigate the relationship between frailty, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and loss of independence leading to the onset of disability or death among community-dwelling older Japanese.Methods Between 2002 and 2011, we conducted a 7-year prospective study involving 1,453 residents aged 65 years and over, initially free of disability, who underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment in Kusatsu town. Statistical analysis was conducted for those with complete values, resulting in a variable number of subjects for each data point...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115858/forgiveness-and-late-life-functioning-the-mediating-role-of-finding-ego-integrity
#16
Elke Derdaele, Loren Toussaint, Evalyne Thauvoye, Jessie Dezutter
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks (1) to replicate previous findings on the mediating effect of integrity/despair in the relation between forgiveness and depression in an elderly population and (2) to extend these findings to other aspects of functioning, namely life satisfaction and subjective health. Both aims were studied in a sample of residential elderly. METHODS: Residential elderly (n = 329, M = 87 years) filled out questionnaires on forgivingness, depressive symptoms, life satisfaction, subjective health and the developmental task of integrity/despair...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113607/directional-associations-between-memory-impairment-and-depressive-symptoms-data-from-a-longitudinal-sample-and-meta-analysis
#17
Junhong Yu, Hui-Ying Lim, Fadzillah Nur D/O Mohd Abdullah, Hui-Minn Chan, Rathi Mahendran, Roger Ho, Ee-Heok Kua, Michael John Power, Lei Feng
BACKGROUND: Previous cross-lagged studies on depression and memory impairment among the elderly have revealed conflicting findings relating to the direction of influence between depression and memory impairment. The current study aims to clarify this direction of influence by examining the cross-lagged relationships between memory impairment and depression in an Asian sample of elderly community dwellers, as well as synthesizing previous relevant cross-lagged findings via a meta-analysis...
November 8, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104866/cognitive-frailty-in-china-results-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#18
Lina Ma, Li Zhang, Yaxin Zhang, Yun Li, Zhe Tang, Piu Chan
Objective: Cognitive frailty (CF) refers to the co-occurrence of physical frailty (PF) and cognitive impairment in persons without dementia. We aimed to explore the prevalence and associated factors of CF in China. Method: Data were obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study. A total of 5,708 community-dwelling older adults without dementia were included. CF was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination for the evaluation of cognitive status and the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment-Frailty Index for the evaluation of PF...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099105/determinantes-asociados-a-depresi%C3%A3-n-cr%C3%A3-nica-e-incidente-en-adultos-mayores-mexicanos
#19
A L Sosa Ortiz, C I Astudillo García, G I Acosta Castillo
Objective: To describe the association among socio-demographic, environmental, psychosocial and health determinants in Mexican elders with chronic and incident depression from a 3-year follow-up study. Methods: Data from a cohort study of 1512 Mexicans, 65 and more years old was analyzed. We used a multinomial regression model in order to analyze the associations between determinants of interest with chronic and incident depression conditions, taking as reference a group without depression...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096225/effects-of-16-weeks-of-pilates-on-health-perception-and-sleep-quality-among-elderly-women
#20
V S Curi, J Vilaça, A N Haas, H M Fernandes
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of 16 weeks of mat-based Pilates training on health perception and sleep quality among elderly women. A randomized and controlled trial was conducted in Caxias do Sul, Brazil, in 2015, in which 61 healthy older women were divided into two groups: experimental group (EG; n=31, average of 64.25 years old, SD 0.14) and control group (CG; n=30, average of 63.75 years old, SD 0.08). The EG participants performed mat-based Pilates exercises twice a week in 60-min sessions, whereas the CG did not train...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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