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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722601/rabies-in-myanmar-prevalent-preventable-but-not-prioritized
#1
Thet Thet Mu, Aye Aye Sein, Chit Soe, Nan Phyu Phyu Aung, Tint Tint Kyi, Josh Hanson
Despite the availability of proven measures to prevent the disease, rabies now kills more people in Myanmar than malaria. Although there are challenges in controlling rabies in such a large and culturally diverse country, Myanmar's successful National Malaria Control Program demonstrates what can be achieved with sufficient political, financial, and scientific commitment. Presently, however, Myanmar lacks a comparable program to coordinate the multifaceted approach that is necessary to control rabies. The national government has invested heavily in improving access to postexposure prophylaxis, but there should also be an emphasis on other, more cost-effective strategies, particularly mass canine vaccination, which has been an essential component of successful rabies elimination programs in other countries...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719309/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-refugee-and-migrant-pregnant-women-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#2
Bert J D van Enter, Yee-Ling Lau, Clare L Ling, Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Yaowalark Sukthana, Wenn-Chyau Lee, François Nosten, Rose McGready
Toxoplasma gondii primary infection in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection in pregnant migrant and refugee women from Myanmar attending antenatal care in Thailand. A random selection of 199 residual blood samples from first antenatal screen in 2014-2015 was tested for Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection was 31.7% (95% confidence interval = 25.6-38.4). Avidity testing in the three positive IgM cases indicated all were past infections...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710732/economic-growth-and-environmental-pollution-in-myanmar-an-analysis-of-environmental-kuznets-curve
#3
Thiri Shwesin Aung, Behnaz Saboori, Ehsan Rasoulinezhad
This empirical study examines the short- and long-run relationship between GDP as an economic growth indicator and CO2 emissions as an environmental pollution indicator in Myanmar by using annual time series data over the period of 1970-2014. It also carefully considered other proxies, such as trade openness, financial openness and urbanization, and structural breaks in the country. The fundamental objective of this study is to test the validity of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) in the context of Myanmar...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705233/erratum-to-detection-of-schistosoma-antibodies-and-exploration-of-associated-factors-among-local-residents-around-inlay-lake-southern-shan-state-myanmar
#4
Htin Zaw Soe, Cho Cho Oo, Tin Ohn Myat, Nay Soe Maung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699396/validation-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#5
Harriet Ing, Gracia Fellmeth, Jitrachote White, Alan Stein, Julie A Simpson, Rose McGready
Postnatal depression is common and may have severe consequences for women and their children. Locally validated screening tools are required to identify at-risk women in marginalised populations. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is one of the most frequently used tools globally. This cross-sectional study assessed the validity and acceptability of the EPDS in Karen and Burmese among postpartum migrant and refugee women on the Thai-Myanmar border. The EPDS was administered to participants and results compared with a diagnostic interview...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698675/virgisporangium-myanmarense-sp-nov-a-novel-motile-actinomycete-isolated-from-an-anthill-soil-in-myanmar
#6
Hideki Yamamura, Shoya Miyazaki, Kodai Ikoma, Youji Nakagawa, Moriyuki Hamada, Misa Otoguro, Tomohiko Tamura, Katsuhiko Ando, Nyunt Phay, Masayuki Hayakawa
An actinomycete strain, designated MM04-1133(T), was isolated from an anthill soil sample collected in Bagan, Myanmar. To establish the taxonomic status of this strain, the isolate was subjected to a polyphasic approach. Strain MM04-1133(T) was Gram-staining positive, aerobic, motile and formed long and narrow sporangia directly above the surface of the substrate mycelium. Whole-cell hydrolysates of the strain contained 3-OH-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose, glucose, galactose, mannose, rhamnose and xylose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-10(H6) and MK-10(H8)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694842/factors-associated-with-intention-to-exclusive-breastfeed-in-central-women-s-hospital-yangon-myanmar
#7
Myat Pan Hmone, Mu Li, Kingsley Agho, Ashraful Alam, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: Under-nutrition is a public health problem in Myanmar. Despite current efforts, the exclusive breastfeeding rate (EBF) for children under six months is only 24%. Intention to breastfeed is a strong predictor for long-term breastfeeding, however, little is known about pregnant women's breastfeeding intentions in Myanmar. We, therefore, aimed to identify the factors associated with women's intention to EBF. METHOD: Data in this article was collected in a baseline survey for a randomized controlled trial, which aimed to assess the impact of mobile text messages on the breastfeeding practices of women in Yangon, Myanmar...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693552/chloroquine-efficacy-for-plasmodium-vivax-in-myanmar-in-populations-with-high-genetic-diversity-and-moderate-parasite-gene-flow
#8
Myo Win Htun, Nan Cho Nwe Mon, Khin Myo Aye, Chan Myae Hlaing, Myat Phone Kyaw, Irene Handayuni, Hidayat Trimarsanto, Dorina Bustos, Pascal Ringwald, Ric N Price, Sarah Auburn, Kamala Thriemer
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax malaria remains a major public health burden in Myanmar. Resistance to chloroquine (CQ), the first-line treatment for P. vivax, has been reported in the country and has potential to undermine local control efforts. METHODS: Patients over 6 years of age with uncomplicated P. vivax mono-infection were enrolled into clinical efficacy studies in Myawaddy in 2014 and Kawthoung in 2012. Study participants received a standard dose of CQ (25 mg/kg over 3 days) followed by weekly review until day 28...
July 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693093/-hiv-prevalence-and-its-high-risk-behaviors-among-myanmar-populations-living-in-dehong-prefecture-yunnan-province
#9
S J Yang, Q Q Luo, R H Ye, Y C Yang, Y C Pu, W X Han, Y H Guo, N He, S Duan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690071/plasmodium-vivax-rhomboid-like-protease-1-gene-diversity-in-thailand
#10
Touchchapol Mataradchakul, Chairat Uthaipibull, Francois Nosten, Joel Vega-Rodriguez, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena, Usa Lek-Uthai
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax infection remains a major public health problem, especially along the Thailand border regions. We examined the genetic diversity of this parasite by analyzing single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the P. vivax rhomboid-like protease 1 gene (Pvrom1) in parasites collected from western (Tak province, Thai-Myanmar border) and eastern (Chanthaburi province, Thai-Cambodia border) regions. METHODS: Data were collected by a cross-sectional survey, consisting of 47 and 45 P...
July 6, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686712/development-and-characterization-of-a-new-set-of-genomic-microsatellite-markers-in-rice-bean-vigna-umbellata-thunb-ohwi-and-ohashi-and-their-utilization-in-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-collections-from-north-east-india
#11
Banshanlang Iangrai, Arunava Pattanayak, D Evanoreen Ann Khongwir, Gratify Pale, Emica Mary Gatphoh, Alpana Das, Nikhil Kumar Chrungoo
Rice bean [Vigna umbellate (Thumb.) Ohwi and Ohashi] is an underutilized crop believed to be domesticated in the Myanmar-Thailand region of Asia. In India, rice bean is mainly cultivated in the North-Eastern Hills, which is a hotspot for biological diversity. A 5' anchored PCR was used to develop microsatellite markers in rice bean. Twenty-eight specific primer pairs were designed and employed to characterize sixty five ricebean accessions collected from North East India. A total of 179 alleles were amplified with an average of 6...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685828/food-and-nutrition-security-in-the-hindu-kush-himalayan-region
#12
Golam Rasul, Abid Hussain, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Narendra Dangol
The status of food and nutrition security and its underlying factors in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is investigated. In this region, one-third to a half of children (<5 years of age) suffer from stunting, with wasting and underweight also being very high. The prevalence of stunting, wasting, and underweight in children is particularly high in some mountain areas such as Meghalaya state in India, the western mountains and far-western hills of Nepal, Balochistan province in Pakistan, eastern Afghanistan, and Chin state in Myanmar...
July 7, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681118/naturally-occurring-vpr-inhibitors-from-medicinal-plants-of-myanmar
#13
REVIEW
Nwet Nwet Win, Hla Ngwe, Ikuro Abe, Hiroyuki Morita
Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) is a lentiviral family member that encodes the retroviral Gag, Pol, and Env proteins, along with six additional accessory proteins, Tat, Rev, Vpu, Vif, Nef, and Vpr. The currently approved anti-HIV drugs target the Pol and Env encoded proteins. However, these drugs are only effective in reducing viral replication. Furthermore, the drugs' toxicities and the emergence of drug-resistant strains have become serious worldwide problems. Resistance eventually arises to all of the approved anti-HIV drugs, including the newly approved drugs that target HIV integrase (IN)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679678/determinants-of-knowledge-of-critical-danger-signs-safe-childbirth-and-immediate-newborn-care-practices-among-auxiliary-midwives-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-myanmar
#14
Kyu Kyu Than, Alison Morgan, Minh Duc Pham, James G Beeson, Stanley Luchters
OBJECTIVES: The re-emergence of community-based health workers such as the auxiliary midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar, who are local female volunteers, has been an important strategy to address global health workforce shortages. The Myanmar government recommends one AMW for every village. The aim of this study is to investigate the current knowledge of critical danger signs and practices for safe childbirth and immediate newborn care of AMWs to inform potential task shifting of additional healthcare responsibilities...
July 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679420/risk-assessment-of-malaria-transmission-at-the-border-area-of-china-and-myanmar
#15
Benyun Shi, Jinxin Zheng, Hongjun Qiu, Guo-Jing Yang, Shang Xia, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve the goal of malaria elimination, the Chinese government launched the National Malaria Elimination Programme in 2010. However, as a result of increasing cross-border population movements, the risk of imported malaria cases still exists at the border areas of China, resulting in a potential threat of local transmission. The focus of this paper is to assess the Plasmodium vivax incidences in Tengchong, Yunnan Province, at the border areas of China and Myanmar...
July 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676120/the-dream-team-for-sexual-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-adolescent-health-an-adjusted-service-target-model-to-estimate-the-ideal-mix-of-health-care-professionals-to-cover-population-need
#16
Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Andrea Nove, Laura Sochas, Zoë Matthews, Caroline S E Homer, Francisco Pozo-Martin
BACKGROUND: A competent, enabled and efficiently deployed health workforce is crucial to the achievement of the health-related sustainable development goals (SDGs). Methods for workforce planning have tended to focus on 'one size fits all' benchmarks, but because populations vary in terms of their demography (e.g. fertility rates) and epidemiology (e.g. HIV prevalence), the level of need for sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn and adolescent health (SRMNAH) workers also varies, as does the ideal composition of the workforce...
July 4, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676097/genetic-diversity-of-plasmodium-falciparum-populations-in-southeast-and-western-myanmar
#17
Than Naing Soe, Yanrui Wu, Myo Win Tun, Xin Xu, Yue Hu, Yonghua Ruan, Aung Ye Naung Win, Myat Htut Nyunt, Nan Cho Nwe Mon, Kay Thwe Han, Khin Myo Aye, James Morris, Pincan Su, Zhaoqing Yang, Myat Phone Kyaw, Liwang Cui
BACKGROUND: The genetic diversity of malaria parasites reflects the complexity and size of the parasite populations. This study was designed to explore the genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum populations collected from two southeastern areas (Shwekyin and Myawaddy bordering Thailand) and one western area (Kyauktaw bordering Bangladesh) of Myanmar. METHODS: A total of 267 blood samples collected from patients with acute P. falciparum infections during 2009 and 2010 were used for genotyping at the merozoite surface protein 1 (Msp1), Msp2 and glutamate-rich protein (Glurp) loci...
July 4, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670879/molecular-subtypes-of-breast-cancers-from-myanmar-women-a-study-of-91-cases-at-two-pathology-centers
#18
Thar Htet San, Masayoshi Fujisawa, Soichiro Fushimi, Lamin Soe, Ngu Wah Min, Teizo Yoshimura, Toshiaki Ohara, Myint Myint Yee, Shinsuke Oda, Akihiro Matsukawa
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in Myanmar women. Revealing the hormonal receptor status, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and Ki-67 expression is useful for estimating patient prognosis as well as determination of treatment strategy. However, immunohistochemical features and classification of molecular subtypes in breast cancers from Myanmar remain unknown. Methods: The clinicopathological features of 91 breast cancers from Myanmar women were examined. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue specimens with antibodies to estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR), HER2, Ki-67, cytokeratin (CK)5/6 and CK14...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669789/self-directed-interactive-video-based-instruction-versus-instructor-led-teaching-for-myanmar-house-surgeons-a-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#19
Albert Thein Lwin, Thein Lwin, Phyu Naing, Yee Oo, David Kidd, Marcelo Cerullo, Joshua Posen, Kyaw Hlaing, Gayane Yenokyan, Kyi Kyi Thinn, Zaw Wai Soe, Kent A Stevens
OBJECTIVE: To compare self-directed interactive video-based instruction (IVBI) with instructor-led teaching in the acquisition of basic surgical skills by House Surgeons at University of Medicine 1, Yangon. DESIGN: A prospective, 1:1 randomized controlled trial was conducted. Participants were randomized into 2 teaching arms: (1) self-directed IVBI or (2) instructor-led teaching. Self-directed IVBI participants were provided with a portable DVD player that could play, fast forward, rewind, and skip through skills modules...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668484/a-new-genus-and-species-of-scorpion-from-burma-myanmar-scorpiones-scorpiopidae-implications-for-the-taxonomy-of-the-family
#20
Wilson R Lourenço
Plethoscorpiops profusus gen. n., sp. n., belonging to the family Scorpiopidae Kraepelin, 1905 is described on the basis of two specimens, one adult female and one male juvenile collected in the Saddan Cave, in Kayin State, Hpa-An, Burma (Myanmar). This new scorpion taxon most certainly represents an endemic element for the fauna of Burma and seems to be strictly distributed inside the cave system. The new genus is characterized by a previously unknown and totally unique plethotaxic trichobothrial pattern within the family Scorpiopidae...
June 28, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
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