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Meripet Polat, Hla Hla Moe, Takeshi Shimogiri, Kyaw Kyaw Moe, Shin-Nosuke Takeshima, Yoko Aida
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is the etiological agent of enzootic bovine leukosis, which is the most common neoplastic disease of cattle. BLV infects cattle worldwide and affects both health status and productivity. However, no studies have examined the distribution of BLV in Myanmar, and the genetic characteristics of Myanmar BLV strains are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect BLV infection in Myanmar and examine genetic variability. Blood samples were obtained from 66 cattle from different farms in four townships of the Nay Pyi Taw Union Territory of central Myanmar...
October 22, 2016: Archives of Virology
Angkana Sommanustweechai, Weerasak Putthasri, Mya Lay Nwe, Saw Thetlya Aung, Mya Min Theint, Viroj Tangcharoensathien, San Shway Wynn
BACKGROUND: Myanmar is classified as critical shortage of health workforce. In responses to limited number of trained health workforce in the hard-to-reach and remote areas, the MOH trained the Community Health Worker (CHW) as health volunteers serving these communities on a pro bono basis. This study aimed to assess the socio-economic profiles, contributions of CHW to primary health care services and their needs for supports to maintain their quality contributions in rural hard to reach areas in Myanmar...
October 21, 2016: Human Resources for Health
Suwanna Chaorattanakawee, Chanthap Lon, Krisada Jongsakul, Jariyanart Gawee, Somethy Sok, Siratchana Sundrakes, Nareth Kong, Chatchadaporn Thamnurak, Soklyda Chann, Sorayut Chattrakarn, Chantida Praditpol, Nillawan Buathong, Nichapat Uthaimongkol, Philip Smith, Narongrid Sirisopana, Rekol Huy, Satharath Prom, Mark M Fukuda, Delia Bethell, Douglas S Walsh, Charlotte Lanteri, David Saunders
BACKGROUND: The recent dramatic decline in dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) efficacy in northwestern Cambodia has raised concerns about the rapid spread of piperaquine resistance just as DHA-PPQ is being introduced as first-line therapy in neighbouring countries. METHODS: Ex vivo parasite susceptibilities were tracked to determine the rate of progression of DHA, PPQ and mefloquine (MQ) resistance from sentinel sites on the Thai-Cambodian and Thai-Myanmar borders from 2010 to 2015...
October 21, 2016: Malaria Journal
Songyot Pilasant, Wantanee Kulpeng, Pitsaphun Werayingyong, Nattha Tritasavit, Inthira Yamabhai, Yot Teerawattananon, Sangay Wangmo, Sripen Tantivess
BACKGROUND: The Maternal and Child Health Voucher Scheme (MCHVS) was introduced in Myanmar to address the high rate of maternal and infant mortalities. It aimed to increase access to maternal and child health (MCH) services by skilled birth attendants (SBAs) and improve the health of pregnant women and their babies. A study to pilot a voucher scheme was implemented in May 2013 in Yedarshey Township. This paper provides a report on a mid-term review of the programme after 7 months of implementation to determine the outcomes of the programme and its impediments...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Thet Thet Mu, Aye Aye Sein, Tint Tint Kyi, Myo Min, Ne Myo Aung, Nicholas M Anstey, Myat Phone Kyaw, Chit Soe, Mar Mar Kyi, Josh Hanson
BACKGROUND: There has been an impressive recent reduction in the global incidence of malaria, but the development of artemisinin resistance in the Greater Mekong Region threatens this progress. Increasing artemisinin resistance is particularly important in Myanmar, as it is the country in the Greater Mekong Region with the greatest malaria burden. If malaria is to be eliminated in the region, it is essential to define the spatial and temporal epidemiology of the disease in Myanmar to inform control strategies optimally...
October 18, 2016: Malaria Journal
Zhonglan Wu, Lijia Cui, Weiming Zhao, Dongzhi Yang, Hui Chen, Ruiqing Wang, Xuemin Wang, Linqi Zhang, Tianhua He
BACKGROUND: Current prevalence and genotype distribution of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remain unknown in Ningxia, northwest China. METHODS: From June to December 2013, 13,022 individuals were screened in Ningxia HIV/AIDS Sentinel Surveillance System, with their demographic features collected and serum samples tested for HCV antibody. Sero-positive drug users were further subjected to sequencing of NS5B and Core regions of HCV. RESULTS: The anti-HCV prevalence was 0...
October 18, 2016: Virology Journal
Il Suh
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a global leading cause of death nowadays. Fortunately, the majority of risk factors which cause CVD are preventable. The INTERSTROKE study recently reported that about 90% of the population-attributable risk of stroke is associated with ten modifiable risk factors. Especially high blood pressure levels are well established to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Recently CVD mortality has been decreasing in high-income countries but increasing in some middle-income countries and low-income countries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Channa Jayasumana, Carlos Orantes, Raul Herrera, Miguel Almaguer, Laura Lopez, Luis Carlos Silva, Pedro Ordunez, Sisira Siribaddana, Sarath Gunatilake, Marc E De Broe
Increase in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is observed in Central America, Sri Lanka and other tropical countries. It is named chronic interstitial nephritis in agricultural communities (CINAC). CINAC is defined as a form of CKD that affects mainly young men, occasionally women. Its aetiology is not linked to diabetes, hypertension, glomerulopathies or other known causes. CINAC patients live and work in poor agricultural communities located in CINAC endemic areas with a hot tropical climate, and are exposed to toxic agrochemicals through work, by ingestion of contaminated food and water, or by inhalation...
October 13, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Sangay Wangmo, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Wai Mar Mar Htun, Tin Tun Aung, Chiraporn Khitdee, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Pe Thet Htoon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: BMC Public Health
Ru-Bo Wang, Jia-Qiang Dong, Zhi-Gui Xia, Tao Cai, Qing-Feng Zhang, Yao Zhang, Yang-Hui Tian, Xiao-Ying Sun, Guang-Yun Zhang, Qing-Pu Li, Xiao-Yu Xu, Jia-Yin Li, Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND: For many countries where malaria is endemic, the burden of malaria is high in border regions. In ethnic minority areas along the Myanmar-China border, residents have poor access to medical care for diagnosis and treatment, and there have been many malaria outbreaks in such areas. Since 2007, with the support of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), a malaria control project was introduced to reduce the malaria burden in several ethnic minority regions...
October 6, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Xu-Can Zeng, Xiao-Dong Sun, Jian-Xiong Li, Meng-Ni Chen, Dao-Wei Deng, Cang-Lin Zhang, Zu-Rui Lin, Zi-You Zhou, Yao-Wu Zhou, Ya-Ming Yang, Sheng Zhou
BACKGROUND: This paper seeks to assess the function of malaria control consultation and service posts (MCCSPs) that are located on the border areas of Yunnan province, P.R. China, as a strategy for eliminating malaria among the mobile and migrant population in these areas. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analytical study was conducted. Blood smear examinations conducted at all MCCSPs in Yunnan from 2008 to 2014 were analysed. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 to understand how the MCCSPs function and to elucidate the quality of the blood smear examinations that they conduct...
October 4, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Adrienne Lynne White, Thaw Htwe Min, Mechthild M Gross, Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Hla Hla Than, Thet Wai Zin, Marcus J Rijken, Gabie Hoogenboom, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: To evaluate a skilled birth attendant (SBA) training program in a neglected population on the Thai-Myanmar border, we used multiple methods to show that refugee and migrant health workers can be given effective training in their own environment to become SBAs and teachers of SBAs. The loss of SBAs through resettlement to third countries necessitated urgent training of available workers to meet local needs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: All results were obtained from student records of theory grades and clinical log books...
2016: PloS One
Hyungjin Cho, So Mi Kim, Seong Su Jeong, Soon Bae Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Excessive oral salt intake can induce hypertension. According to previous studies, the prevalence of hypertension is higher in Myanmar than in Korea. We postulated that Myanmar adults had higher salt taste thresholds and eat much saltier food. This study aimed to compare salt taste thresholds and salt usage behaviour scores between adults in Myanmar and Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled patients who visited volunteer medical service clinics at Ansung in Korea and Hlegu and Bago in Myanmar in August 2014...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shuna Jin, Chengwu Song, Shuailong Jia, Sen Li, Yang Zhang, Cheng Chen, Yulin Feng, Yong Xu, Chaomei Xiong, Yi Xiang, Hongliang Jiang
Turmeric and curcuminoids are used as natural food coloring and functional food additives in various parts of the world. In this study, ninety-six curcuminoids were fully characterized using a targeted curcuminoid profile, which established by integrated use of two complementary LC-MS/MS platforms (liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF-MS/MS) and liquid chromatography-quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (LC-QTRAP-MS/MS)). The curcuminoid profile was represented in the form of a multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode based on LC-QTRAP-MS/MS analysis...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Nirajan Bhusal, Ruengpung Sutthent, Navin Horthongkham, Niracha Athipanyasilp, Wannee Kantakamalakul
BACKGROUND: There have been very few reports of HIV-1 subtypes and drug resistance mutations (DRMs) from Nepal which is geographically located between two high-prevalence HIV-1 infection countries, China and India. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of acquired and transmitted DRMs and HIV-1 subtypes in Nepal. METHODS: Thirty-five HIV-1 seropositive samples from central region of Nepal were collected in 2011. The subjects were divided into two groups, antiretroviral (ARV) drug naïve group (n=15) and antiretroviral treatment (ART) group (n=20), 90% (18/20) of them received zidovudine, lamivudine and nevirapine (AZT/3TC/NVP) regimen...
October 3, 2016: Current HIV Research
Zenglei Wang, Mynthia Cabrera, Jingyun Yang, Lili Yuan, Bhavna Gupta, Xiaoying Liang, Karen Kemirembe, Sony Shrestha, Awtum Brashear, Xiaolian Li, Stephen F Porcella, Jun Miao, Zhaoqing Yang, Xin-Zhuan Su, Liwang Cui
Drug resistance has emerged as one of the greatest challenges facing malaria control. The recent emergence of resistance to artemisinin (ART) and its partner drugs in ART-based combination therapies (ACT) is threatening the efficacy of this front-line regimen for treating Plasmodium falciparum parasites. Thus, an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie the resistance to ART and the partner drugs has become a high priority for resistance containment and malaria management. Using genome-wide association studies, we investigated the associations of genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms with in vitro sensitivities to 10 commonly used antimalarial drugs in 94 P...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Bhavna Gupta, Daniel M Parker, Qi Fan, B P Niranjan Reddy, Guiyun Yan, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Liwang Cui
Malaria transmission along international borders of the Greater Mekong Subregion is a big challenge for regional malaria elimination. At the Thai-Myanmar border, Plasmodium falciparum cases have dropped dramatically; however, increasing P. vivax prevalence and the emerging reports on hidden malaria burden due to asymptomatic infections demand attention. We conducted cross-sectional surveys to detect asymptomatic malaria infections in a small village located at Thai-Myanmar border and genotyped P. vivax infections in order to understand the level of genetic diversity on such a microgeographic scale...
September 28, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Ivo de Sena Oliveira, Ming Bai, Henry Jahn, Vladimir Gross, Christine Martin, Jörg U Hammel, Weiwei Zhang, Georg Mayer
The anomalous occurrence of supposedly Gondwanan taxa in Laurasian-derived regions remains an intriguing chapter of paleobiogeographical history. Representatives of Peripatidae, a major subgroup of velvet worms (Onychophora), show a disjointed distribution in the neotropics, tropical Africa, and Southeast Asia, the latter being the only landmass previously associated with Laurasia [1, 2]. The arrival of these animals in Southeast Asia is explained by two alternative, albeit not mutually exclusive, hypotheses: an early migration via Europe before continental drift (Eurogondwana hypothesis) or transportation via insular India during the Cretaceous and Paleogene ("out-of-India" hypothesis) [3-6]...
October 10, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Fiona M Campbell, Dina Balabanova, Natasha Howard
INTRODUCTION: The paper presents a case study that critically assesses the role of global strategy 'Public Health on the Frontline 2014-2015' ('the Strategy') in supporting Merlin and Save the Children's organisational change and future programme of the combined organisation in Myanmar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research was undertaken in 2014 in Myanmar. Twenty-six individual and three group interviews were conducted with stakeholders, and 10 meetings relevant to the country organisational transition process were observed...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Paw Wah Shee, Nan Lin Yee, Elvina Elvina, Peapah Peapah, Kyawt Kyawt, Poe Thit Oo, William PoWah, Jacqueline Roger Min, Jacher Wiladphaingern, Lorenz von Seidlein, Suphak Nosten, Francois Nosten
BACKGROUND: A targeted malaria elimination project, including mass drug administrations (MDA) of dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine plus a single low dose primaquine is underway in villages along the Thailand Myanmar border. The intervention has multiple components but the success of the project will depend on the participation of the entire communities. Quantitative surveys were conducted to study reasons for participation or non-participation in the campaign with the aim to identify factors associated with the acceptance and participation in the mass drug administrations...
September 27, 2016: Malaria Journal
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