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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337629/biotech-crop-planting-resumes-high-adoption-in-2016
#1
Rhodora R Aldemita, Randy A Hautea
The global area of biotech crops in 2016 increased from 179.7 million hectares to 185.1 million hectares, a 3% increase equivalent to 5.4 million hectares. Some 26 countries planted biotech crops, 19 of which were developing countries and seven were industrial. Information and data collected from various credible sources showed variations from the previous year. Fluctuations in biotech crop area (both increases and decreases) are influenced by factors including, among others, acceptance and commercialization of new products, demand for meat and livestock feeds, weather conditions, global market price, disease/pest pressure, and government's enabling policies...
January 16, 2018: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334942/poor-response-to-artesunate-treatment-in-two-patients-with-severe-malaria-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#2
Aung Pyae Phyo, Kyaw Kyaw Win, Aung Myint Thu, Lei Lei Swe, Htike Htike, Candy Beau, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Markus Winterberg, Stephane Proux, Mallika Imwong, Elizabeth A Ashley, Francois Nosten
BACKGROUND: Malaria has declined dramatically along the Thai-Myanmar border in recent years due to malaria control and elimination programmes. However, at the same time, artemisinin resistance has spread, raising concerns about the efficacy of parenteral artesunate for the treatment of severe malaria. CASE PRESENTATION: In November 2015 and April 2017, two patients were treated for severe malaria with parenteral artesunate. Quinine was added within 24 h due to an initial poor response to treatment...
January 15, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333470/history-and-perspectives-of-nuclear-medicine-in-myanmar
#3
Win Mar
Nuclear Medicine was established in Myanmar in 1963 by Dr Soe Myint and International Atomic Energy expert Dr R. Hochel at Yangon General Hospital. Nuclear medicine diagnostic and therapeutic services started with Probe Scintillation Detector Systems and rectilinear scanner. In the early stage, many Nuclear Medicine specialists from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) spent some time in Myanmar and made significant contributions to the development of Nuclear Medicine in our country. The department participated in various IAEA technical cooperation projects and regional cooperation projects...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329951/medical-and-health-risks-associated-with-communicable-diseases-of-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh-2017
#4
Emily Y Y Chan, Cheuk Pong Chiu, Gloria K W Chan
Complex emergencies remain as major threats to human well-being in the 21st century. More than 0.3 million Rohingya people in Myanmar, one of the most forgotten minority globally, had fled to the neighborhood communities, during the past decades. In recent crisis, the sudden influx within 3 months almost tripled the accumulated displaced population in Bangladesh. Using the Rohingya people in Bangladesh as a case context, this perspective paper synthesized evidence in published literature regarding what might be the key health risks associated with the five main health and survival supporting domains namely, water and sanitation, food and nutrition, shelter and non-food item, access to health service and information for the displaced living in camp settlements in Asia...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325573/genetic-diversity-of-three-surface-protein-genes-in-plasmodium-malariae-from-three-asian-countries
#5
Suttipat Srisutham, Naowarat Saralamba, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Mayfong Mayxay, Frank Smithuis, Francois Nosten, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Nicholas P J Day, Arjen M Dondorp, Mallika Imwong
BACKGROUND: Genetic diversity of the three important antigenic proteins, namely thrombospondin-related anonymous protein (TRAP), apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1), and 6-cysteine protein (P48/45), all of which are found in various developmental stages of Plasmodium parasites is crucial for targeted vaccine development. While studies related to the genetic diversity of these proteins are available for Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, barely enough information exists regarding Plasmodium malariae...
January 11, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320818/zoonotic-trematode-metacercariae-in-fish-from-yangon-myanmar-and-their-adults-recovered-from-experimental-animals
#6
Jong-Yil Chai, Woon-Mok Sohn, Byoung-Kuk Na, Jong-Bok Park, Hoo-Gn Jeoung, Eui-Hyug Hoang, Thi Thi Htoon, Htay Htay Tin
A survey was performed to investigate the infection status of zoonotic trematode (ZT) metacercariae in fish from a local market in Yangon City, Myanmar. A total of 264 fish (12 species) were collected through 4 times from December 2013 to June 2015. All collected fish were transferred to our laboratory on ice and examined by the artificial digestion method. More than 7 species of ZT metacercariae, i.e., Haplorchis taichui, H. pumilio, H. yokogawai, Centrocestus spp., Stellantchasmus falcatus, Pygidiopsis cambodiensis, and Procerovum sp...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316293/estimating-radiotherapy-demands-in-south-east-asia-countries-in-2025-and-2035-using-evidence-based-optimal-radiotherapy-fractions
#7
Noorazrul Yahya, Nurhaziqah Roslan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As about 50% of cancer patients may require radiotherapy, the demand of radiotherapy as the main treatment to treat cancer is likely to rise due to rising cancer incidence. This study aims to quantify the radiotherapy demand in countries in Southeast Asia (SEA) in 2025 and 2035 using evidence-based optimal radiotherapy fractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SEA country-specific cancer incidence by tumor site for 2015, 2025 and 2035 was extracted from the GLOBOCAN database...
January 8, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314458/quality-of-omeprazole-purchased-via-the-internet-and-personally-imported-into-japan-comparison-with-products-sampled-in-other-asian-countries
#8
Mohammad Sofiqur Rahman, Naoko Yoshida, Sakura Sugiura, Hirohito Tsuboi, Tep Keila, Heng Bun Kiet, Theingi Zin, Tsuyoshi Tanimoto, Kazuko Kimura
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of omeprazole personally imported into Japan via the internet and to compare the quality of these samples with previously collected samples from two other Asian countries. METHODS: The samples were evaluated by observation, authenticity investigation, and pharmacopoeial quality analysis. Quality comparison of some selected samples was carried out by dissolution profiling, Raman spectroscopy, and principle component analysis (PCA)...
January 5, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311613/publisher-correction-a-fossil-species-of-the-enigmatic-early-polypod-fern-genus-cystodium-cystodiaceae-in-cretaceous-amber-from-myanmar
#9
Ledis Regalado, Alexander R Schmidt, Marc S Appelhans, Bork Ilsemann, Harald Schneider, Michael Krings, Jochen Heinrichs
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308720/factors-that-contribute-to-insecticide-poisoning-among-immigrant-agricultural-workers-in-thailand
#10
Anamai Thetkathuek, Wanlop Jaidee
BACKGROUND: There has been a strong increase in the international movement of workers during the last few decades. As Thailand's economy has rapidly developed during the past 20 years, it has attracted growing numbers of laborers from the bordering countries of Myanmar, Lao PDR, and Cambodia. Numbers of migrant workers in Thai agriculture have risen to the extent that the sector's continued growth has become increasingly dependent on migrant workers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that contribute to the development of symptoms of insecticide poisoning among immigrant agricultural workers in the eastern region of Thailand...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306876/migrant-perinatal-depression-study-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-perinatal-depression-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#11
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H Plugge, Verena Carrara, Mina Fazel, May May Oo, Yuwapha Phichitphadungtham, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Naw Kerry Wai, Oh Mu, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Rose Mcgready
PURPOSE: Perinatal depression is a significant contributor to maternal morbidity. Migrant women in resource-poor settings may be at increased risk, yet little research has been conducted in low-income and middle-income settings. This prospective cohort study of migrant women on the Thai-Myanmar border aims to establish prevalence of perinatal depression, identify risk factors for perinatal depression and examine associations with infant outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: Participating women are labour migrants and refugees living on the Thai-Myanmar border...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306333/effectiveness-of-a-novel-long-lasting-pyriproxyfen-larvicide-sumilarv%C3%A2-2mr-against-aedes-mosquitoes-in-schools-in-yangon-myanmar
#12
Sai Zaw Min Oo, Sein Thaung, Yan Naung Maung Maung, Khin Myo Aye, Zar Zar Aung, Hlaing Myat Thu, Kyaw Zin Thant, Noboru Minakawa
BACKGROUND: Mosquito-borne diseases are prevalent in Myanmar, with the number of dengue cases showing a significant increase in recent years. Dengue vectors have developed resistance to insecticides and currently used larvicides show only short-term effectiveness. As a result, an alternative larvicide is urgently needed. The present study evaluated the larvicidal effectiveness of long-lasting pyriproxyfen resin discs (SumiLarv®2MR) against dengue virus vectors in schools in Hlaing Thar Yar Township, Yangon...
January 6, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304809/estimation-on-local-transmission-of-malaria-by-serological-approach-under-low-transmission-setting-in-myanmar
#13
Myat Htut Nyunt, Than Naing Soe, Thinzar Shein, Ni Ni Zaw, Soe Soe Han, Fauzi Muh, Seong-Kyun Lee, Jin-Hee Han, Ji-Hoon Park, Kwon-Soo Ha, Won Sun Park, Seok-Ho Hong, Myat Phone Kyaw, Eun-Taek Han
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of the malaria has been decreasing in many endemic countries including Myanmar, malaria elimination in Greater Mekong Region was targeted not later than 2030. The relevance of molecular and serological tools to identify residual transmission remains to be established in this setting. METHODS: One-year cohort study was conducted and sera samples were collected in every 3 months with active and passive case detection for clinical malaria episodes by RDT, microscopy and molecular method...
January 5, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304139/early-neonatal-mortality-and-neurological-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-in-a-resource-limited-setting-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-descriptive-study
#14
Sophie Janet, Verena I Carrara, Julie A Simpson, Nant War War Thin, Wah Wah Say, Naw Ta Mlar Paw, Kesinee Chotivanich, Claudia Turner, Jane Crawley, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Of the 4 million neonatal deaths worldwide yearly, 98% occur in low and middle-income countries. Effective resuscitation reduces mortality and morbidity but long-term outcomes in resource-limited settings are poorly described. This study reports on newborn neurological outcomes following resuscitation at birth in a resource-limited setting where intensive newborn care including intubation is unavailable. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of births records from 2008 to 2015 at Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) on the Thailand-Myanmar border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298715/the-potential-of-task-shifting-selected-maternal-interventions-to-auxiliary-midwives-in-myanmar-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Kyu Kyu Than, Khaing Nwe Tin, Thazin La, Kyaw Soe Thant, Theingi Myint, James G Beeson, Stanley Luchters, Alison Morgan
BACKGROUND: An estimated 282 women die for every 100,000 live births in Myanmar, most due to preventable causes. Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) in Myanmar are responsible for providing a package of care during pregnancy and childbirth to women in rural hard to reach areas where skilled birth attendants (Midwives) are not accessible. This study aims to examine the role of AMWs in Myanmar and to assess the current practices of three proposed essential maternal interventions (oral supplement distribution to pregnant women; administration of misoprostol to prevent postpartum haemorrhage; management of puerperal sepsis with oral antibiotics) in order to facilitate a formal integration of these tasks to AMWs in Myanmar...
January 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297425/extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-myanmar-burden-and-mutations-causing-second-line-drug-resistance
#16
P W Ei, W W Aung, W W Nyunt, T L Swe, M M Htwe, S M Win, S T Aung, C L Chang, H-Y Lee, J S Lee
SETTING: Two tuberculosis (TB) reference laboratories in Myanmar. OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) cases among multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases and the mutations that cause resistance to second-line drugs in Myanmar. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, retrospective study. Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were collected during 2015-2016. Phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) was performed and drug-resistant mutations identified by sequencing...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278399/hepatitis-b-virus-genotype-c-is-predominant-in-myanmar
#17
Nan Nwe Win, Shingo Nakamoto, Myint Myint Sein, Mitsuhiko Moriyama, Tatsuo Kanda, Hiroshi Shirasawa
Myanmar is adjacent to India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos and China. In Myanmar, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections is 6.5% and accounts for 60% of hepatocellular carcinoma. HBV has nine genotypes that have been identified by molecular genetic analysis. HBV genotypes are associated with several clinical features. We reviewed the prevalence of HBV genotypes in Myanmar and neighboring countries. We also reviewed HBV genotypes in refugees from Myanmar. HBV subgenotype C1 is predominant in Myanmar...
December 26, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276225/the-incidence-of-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancers-in-betel-quid-chewing-populations-in-south-myanmar-rural-areas
#18
Nobuyoshi Mizukawa, Swe Swe Win, Zaw Moe Thein, Moe Thida Htwe, Yohsuke Yoshioka, Yoshihiro Kimata, Seiji Iida, Myo Khin, Shigeru Okada, Than Sein
Oral cancer is a very common disease in South and Southeast Asia. Betel quid (BQ)- chewing and tobaccosmoking habits are etiological factors for oral cancer patients in these regions. We conducted an oral cancer screening in BQ-chewing endemic rural areas in South Myanmar for the early detection of oral cancer in BQ-chewing and smoking individuals. We examined 105 subjects who were at high risk of oral cancer due to their oral habits (BQ users and/or smokers). Three carcinoma cases were detected, and there were 8 dysplasia cases...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274701/sentinel-surveillance-for-rotavirus-in-children-5-years-of-age-admitted-for-diarrheal-illness-to-yangon-children-s-hospital-myanmar-2009-2014
#19
Theingi Win Myat, Hlaing Myat Thu, Hlaing Myat Kyaw, Khin Mar Aye, Mo Mo Win, Htin Lin, Thin Thin Shwe, Win Mar, Khin Khin Oo, Kyaw Zin Thant
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in children <5 years of age in Myanmar. The purpose of this analysis is to report from the sentinel surveillance system for rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE), which collects information on the epidemiology and circulating genotypes to assess the disease burden and support vaccine introduction in Myanmar. METHODS: Prospective, active surveillance for RVGE-associated hospitalizations was conducted during 2009 -2014 at Yangon Children's Hospital...
December 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261669/patients-with-mdr-tb-on-domiciliary-care-in-programmatic-settings-in-myanmar-effect-of-a-support-package-on-preventing-early-deaths
#20
Pyae Phyo Wai, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Saw Thein, Aung Si Thu, Myo Minn Oo, Pyae Sone Htwe, Moe Myint Theingi Tun, Htet Myet Win Maung, Kyaw Thu Soe, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: The community-based MDR-TB care (CBMDR-TBC) project was implemented in 2015 by The Union in collaboration with national TB programme (NTP) in 33 townships of upper Myanmar to improve treatment outcomes among patients with MDR-TB registered under NTP. They received community-based support through the project staff, in addition to the routine domiciliary care provided by NTP staff. Each project township had a project nurse exclusively for MDR-TB and a community volunteer who provided evening directly observed therapy (in addition to morning directly observed therapy by NTP)...
2017: PloS One
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