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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231251/empirical-lessons-regarding-contraception-in-a-protracted-refugee-setting-a-descriptive-study-from-maela-camp-on-the-thai-myanmar-border-1996-2015
#1
Somjet Srikanok, Daniel M Parker, Amber L Parker, Tracey Lee, Aung Myat Min, Pranee Ontuwong, Saw Oo Tan, Supachai Sirinonthachai, Rose McGready
Conflict settings and refugee camps can be chaotic places, with large and rapid population movements, exacerbated public health problems, and ad hoc health services. Reproductive health care that includes family planning is of heightened importance in such settings, however, funding and resources tend to be constrained and geared towards acute health services such as trauma management and infectious disease containment. Here we report on the complexities and challenges of providing family planning in a post-emergency refugee setting, using the example of the largest refugee camp on the Thai-Myanmar border, in existence now for over 30 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228678/oreoglanis-hponkanensis-a-new-sisorid-catfish-from-north-myanmar-actinopterygii-sisoridae
#2
Xiao-Yong Chen, Tao Qin, Zhi-Ying Chen
During a survey of the Mali Hka River drainage in Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary in December 2015, a new species was collected and is described herein as Oreoglanis hponkanensis. It is a member of the Oreoglanis siamensis species group and can be distinguished from its congeners in having a unique combination of the following characters: lower lip with median notch and posterior margin entire, caudal fin emarginate, nasal barbel reaching about half the distance to eye, tip of maxillary barbel rounded, posterior margin of maxillary barbel entire, absence of pale elliptical patches on sides of body below adipose fin, absence of patch on base of first dorsal fin ray, caudal fin brown with two round, bright orange patches in middle, branched dorsal fin rays 5, branched anal fin rays 2, vertebrae 40, pectoral fin surpassing pelvic fin origin, pelvic fin length 21-26% SL, caudal peduncle length 25-33% SL, caudal peduncle depth 3-5% SL, adipose fin base length 34-39% SL, and dorsal to adipose distance 12-16% SL...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221121/molecular-evidence-of-drug-resistance-in-asymptomatic-malaria-infections-myanmar-2015
#3
Myat Htut Nyunt, Thinzar Shein, Ni Ni Zaw, Soe Soe Han, Fauzi Muh, Seong-Kyun Lee, Jin-Hee Han, Kyaw Zin Thant, Eun-Taek Han, Myat Phone Kyaw
Artemisinin resistance containment in Myanmar was initiated in 2011 after artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria was reported. Molecular evidence suggests that asymptomatic malaria infections harboring drug resistance genes are present among residents of the Myanmar artemisinin resistance containment zone. This evidence supports efforts to eliminate these hidden infections.
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212409/pathogenic-waterborne-free-living-amoebae-an-update-from-selected-southeast-asian-countries
#4
Mohamad Azlan Abdul Majid, Tooba Mahboob, Brandon G J Mong, Narong Jaturas, Reena Leeba Richard, Tan Tian-Chye, Anusorn Phimphila, Panomphanh Mahaphonh, Kyaw Nyein Aye, Wai Lynn Aung, Joon Chuah, Alan D Ziegler, Atipat Yasiri, Nongyao Sawangjaroen, Yvonne A L Lim, Veeranoot Nissapatorn
Data on the distribution of free-living amoebae is still lacking especially in Southeast Asian region. The aquatic environment revealed a high occurrence of free-living amoebae (FLA) due to its suitable condition and availability of food source, which subsequently causes infection to humans. A total of 94 water samples consisted of both treated and untreated from Laos (31), Myanmar (42), and Singapore (21) were investigated for the presence of pathogenic FLA. Each water sample was filtered and cultured onto non-nutrient agar seeded with live suspension of Escherichia coli and incubated at room temperature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202069/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-morbidities-in-myanmar
#5
Ko Ko Zaw, Nwe Nwe, Su Su Hlaing
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are now in a rising trend in South East Asia including Myanmar due to increase in major cardiovascular risk factors in both urban and rural areas, such as smoking, obesity and diabetes mellitus. It is necessary to determine CVD morbidities in Myanmar for planning of prevention and control activities for CVDs. The cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 2012 with 600 people aged 40 years and above in four townships (Kyauk-Tan, Mawlamyaing, Pathein and Pyay) and used face-to-face interview with standard questionnaire [Rose Angina Questionnaire and Questionnaire by European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set (EUROCISS) Research Group] to determine the level of reported CVD morbidities in adult population...
February 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198547/phylogenetic-characteristics-of-hiv-1-among-travelers-entering-china-from-myanmar-a-retrospective-study
#6
Li Zhang, Binhui Wang, Yaobo Liang, Yue Feng, Shuwei Dong, Yajuan Wang, Yaping Li, A-Mei Zhang, Li Liu, Weihong Qin, Xueshan Xia
Due to the open policy of the Chinese government, a large number of Burmese individuals enter China at land ports in Yunnan province for travel or business. However, the situation of HIV-1 infection and its phylogenetic characteristics among these travelers remains unclear, which is a potential threat to public health. From January 2003 to December 2012, a total of 1,961 travelers were detected to be positive for HIV-1 infection at land ports between Myanmar and Yunnan province, China. From 1153 (58.8%) Burmese of them, we randomly collected 489 serum samples for HIV-1 subtype/recombinant analysis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196536/community-engagement-and-the-social-context-of-targeted-malaria-treatment-a-qualitative-study-in-kayin-karen-state-myanmar
#7
Kate Sahan, Christopher Pell, Frank Smithuis, Aung Kyaw Phyo, Sai Maung Maung, Chanida Indrasuta, Arjen M Dondorp, Nicholas J White, Nicholas P J Day, Lorenz von Seidlein, Phaik Yeong Cheah
BACKGROUND: The spread of artemisinin-resistance in Plasmodium falciparum is a threat to current global malaria control initiatives. Targeted malaria treatment (TMT), which combines mass anti-malarial administration with conventional malaria prevention and control measures, has been proposed as a strategy to tackle this problem. The effectiveness of TMT depends on high levels of population coverage and is influenced by accompanying community engagement activities and the local social context...
February 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192434/adverse-effects-of-mefloquine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-malaria-in-thailand-a-pooled-analysis-of-19-850-individual-patients
#8
Sue J Lee, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Ric N Price, Christine Luxemburger, François Nosten
Mefloquine (MQ) has been used for the treatment of malaria since the mid-1980s, first as monotherapy or as fixed combination with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (MSP) and since the mid-1990s in combination with artesunate. There is a renewed interested in MQ as part of a triple therapy for the treatment of multi-drug resistance P. falciparum malaria. The widespread use of MQ beyond south-East Asia has been constrained by reports of poor tolerability. Here we present the side effect profile of MQ for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria on the Thai-Myanmar/Cambodia borders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187577/-i-devario-fangae-i-and-i-devario-i-i-myitkyinae-i-two-new-species-of-danionin-cyprinids-from-northern-myanmar-teleostei-cyprinidae-danioninae
#9
Sven O Kullander
Devario comprises 38 potentially valid species in southern Asia. Ten species of Devario have been reported so far from Myanmar, six of which belong in the group of striped devarios, with predominantly horizontal stripes in the colour pattern. Among them, records of D. aequipinnatus most likely represent misidentifications. Remaining species of striped devarios in Myanmar are known only from brief descriptions and are in need of taxonomic revision. Devario yuensis and D. deruptotalea, known previously only from India, are here reported for the first time from Myanmar...
February 3, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187572/new-species-and-new-records-of-linyphiid-spiders-from-the-indo-malayan-region-araneae-linyphiidae
#10
Andrei V Tanasevitch
Linyphiid spiders collected from the Indo-Malayan Region and kept at three European Museums are studied. Twenty-three known species are newly recorded from continental or insular parts of Southeastern Asia and from the Oriental area of India. Seven new species are described: Asiagone komannai n. sp. (from Thailand), Erigone apophysalis n. sp. and E. sumatrana n. sp. (Sumatra, Indonesia), Gnathonarium luzon n. sp. (Philippines), Ketambea acuta n. sp. (Thailand, Myanmar), Oedothorax myanmar n. sp. (Myanmar) and Theoa malaya n...
February 3, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182786/high-rate-of-virological-failure-and-low-rate-of-switching-to-second-line-treatment-among-adolescents-and-adults-living-with-hiv-on-first-line-art-in-myanmar-2005-2015
#11
Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Anthony D Harries, Ajay M V Kumar, Myo Minn Oo, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Than Win, Thet Ko Aung, Aung Chan Min, Htun Nyunt Oo
BACKGROUND: The number of people living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Myanmar has been increasing rapidly in recent years. This study aimed to estimate rates of virological failure on first-line ART and switching to second-line ART due to treatment failure at the Integrated HIV Care program (IHC). METHODS: Routinely collected data of all adolescent and adult patients living with HIV who were initiated on first-line ART at IHC between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177044/comparison-of-lamp-and-pcr-for-molecular-mass-screening-of-sand-flies-for-leishmania-martiniquensis-infection
#12
Saruda Tiwananthagorn, Hirotomo Kato, Ranchana Yeewa, Amontip Muengpan, Raxsina Polseela, Saovanee Leelayoova
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania martiniquensis infection has been reported in human and domestic animals of Martinique Island, Germany, Switzerland, USA, Myanmar and Thailand. The peculiar clinical features of disseminated cutaneous and visceral forms co-existence render the urgent need of specific diagnostic tool to identify the natural sand fly vectors for effective prevention and control strategies. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of 18S rRNA gene as well as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of minicircle kinetoplast DNA gene (PCR-mkDNA) have never been applied to detect L...
February 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173854/anti-influenza-virus-activity-of-extracts-from-the-stems-of-jatropha-multifida-linn-collected-in-myanmar
#13
Masaki Shoji, So-Yeun Woo, Aki Masuda, Nwet Nwet Win, Hla Ngwe, Etsuhisa Takahashi, Hiroshi Kido, Hiroyuki Morita, Takuya Ito, Takashi Kuzuhara
BACKGROUND: To contribute to the development of novel anti-influenza drugs, we investigated the anti-influenza activity of crude extracts from 118 medicinal plants collected in Myanmar. We discovered that extract from the stems of Jatropha multifida Linn. showed anti-influenza activity. J. multifida has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases, and the stem has been reported to possess antimicrobial, antimalarial, and antitumor activities. However, the anti-influenza activity of this extract has not yet been investigated...
February 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170324/myanmar-grapples-with-its-high-tuberculosis-burden
#14
Sophie Cousins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166727/whole-genome-sequencing-of-a-plasmodium-vivax-clinical-isolate-exhibits-geographical-characteristics-and-high-genetic-variation-in-china-myanmar-border-area
#15
Shen-Bo Chen, Yue Wang, Kokouvi Kassegne, Bin Xu, Hai-Mo Shen, Jun-Hu Chen
BACKGROUND: Currently in China, the trend of Plasmodium vivax cases imported from Southeast Asia was increased especially in the China-Myanmar border area. Driven by the increase in P. vivax cases and stronger need for vaccine and drug development, several P. vivax isolates genome sequencing projects are underway. However, little is known about the genetic variability in this area until now. RESULTS: The sequencing of the first P. vivax isolate from China-Myanmar border area (CMB-1) generated 120 million paired-end reads...
February 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163592/genetic-variation-of-rice-oryza-sativa-l-germplasm-in-myanmar-based-on-genomic-compositions-of-dna-markers
#16
Wunna, Kazuo N Watanabe, Ryo Ohsawa, Mitsuhiro Obara, Seiji Yanagihara, Pa Pa Aung, Yoshimichi Fukuta
The genetic diversity of 175 rice accessions from Myanmar, including landraces and improved types from upland and lowland ecosystems in five different areas-Western (hilly), Northern (mountainous), North and South-eastern (plateau), and Southern (plain)-was evaluated on the basis of polymorphism data for 65 DNA markers and phenol reactions. On the basis of the DNA polymorphism data, high genetic diversity was confirmed to conserve in the accessions from each ecosystem and area. And the accessions were classified into two cluster groups I and II, which corresponded to Indica Group and Japonica Group, respectively...
December 2016: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161569/the-spread-of-artemisinin-resistant-plasmodium-falciparum-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-a-molecular-epidemiology-observational-study
#17
Mallika Imwong, Kanokon Suwannasin, Chanon Kunasol, Kreepol Sutawong, Mayfong Mayxay, Huy Rekol, Frank M Smithuis, Tin Maung Hlaing, Kyaw M Tun, Rob W van der Pluijm, Rupam Tripura, Olivo Miotto, Didier Menard, Mehul Dhorda, Nicholas P J Day, Nicholas J White, Arjen M Dondorp
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the PfKelch13 mutations that confer artemisinin resistance in falciparum malaria have multiple independent origins across the Greater Mekong subregion, which has motivated a regional malaria elimination agenda. We aimed to use molecular genotyping to assess antimalarial drug resistance selection and spread in the Greater Mekong subregion. METHODS: In this observational study, we tested Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Myanmar, northeastern Thailand, southern Laos, and western Cambodia for PfKelch13 mutations and for Pfplasmepsin2 gene amplification (indicating piperaquine resistance)...
February 1, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142016/measuring-health-literacy-in-asia-validation-of-the-hls-eu-q47-survey-tool-in-six-asian-countries
#18
Tuyen V Duong, Altyn Aringazina, Gaukhar Baisunova, Nurjanah, Thuc V Pham, Khue M Pham, Tien Q Truong, Kien T Nguyen, Win Myint Oo, Emma Mohamad, Tin Tin Su, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, Peter Wushou Chang
BACKGROUND: Health literacy has been increasingly recognized as one of the most important social determinants for health. However, an appropriate and comprehensive assessment tool is not available in many Asian countries. This study validates a comprehensive health literacy survey tool European health literacy questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) for the general public in several Asian countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey based on multistage random sampling in the target countries...
February 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137293/adapting-the-local-response-for-malaria-elimination-through-evaluation-of-the-1-3-7-system-performance-in-the-china-myanmar-border-region
#19
Duoquan Wang, Chris Cotter, Xiaodong Sun, Adam Bennett, Roly D Gosling, Ning Xiao
BACKGROUND: Assessing the essential components of '1-3-7' strategy along the China-Myanmar border is critical to identify gaps and challenges to support evidence-based decision making. METHODS: A mixed-method retrospective study including quantitative and qualitative analysis of the 1-3-7 system components was conducted. Sampled counties were chosen based on malaria incidence from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014. RESULTS: All 260 confirmed malaria cases from sampled counties were reported within 1 day and had completed case investigations...
January 31, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119047/variable-number-of-tandem-repeats-of-9-plasmodium-vivax-genes-among-southeast-asian-isolates
#20
Bo Wang, Myat Htut Nyunt, Seung-Gyu Yun, Feng Lu, Yang Cheng, Jin-Hee Han, Kwon-Soo Ha, Won Sun Park, Seok-Ho Hong, Chae-Seung Lim, Jun Cao, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Myat Phone Kyaw, Liwang Cui, Eun-Taek Han
The variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs) provides valuable information about both the functional and evolutionary aspects of genetic diversity. Comparative analysis of 3 Plasmodium falciparum genomes has shown that more than 9% of its open reading frames (ORFs) harbor VNTRs. Although microsatellites and VNTR genes of P. vivax were reported, the VNTR polymorphism of genes has not been examined widely. In this study, 230 P. vivax genes were analyzed for VNTRs by SERV, and 33 kinds of TR deletions or insertions from 29 P...
January 21, 2017: Acta Tropica
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