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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912555/new-taxa-of-freshwater-mussels-unionidae-from-a-species-rich-but-overlooked-evolutionary-hotspot-in-southeast-asia
#1
Ivan N Bolotov, Ilya V Vikhrev, Alexander V Kondakov, Ekaterina S Konopleva, Mikhail Yu Gofarov, Olga V Aksenova, Sakboworn Tumpeesuwan
Southeast Asia harbors a unique and diverse freshwater fauna of Mesozoic origin, which is under severe threat of extinction because of rapid economic development and urbanization. The largest freshwater basins of the region are certainly the primary evolutionary hotspots and they attract the most attention as key biodiversity areas for conservation. In contrast, medium-sized rivers are considered low-importance areas with secondary biodiversity, whose faunas originated via founder events from larger basins during the Pleistocene, although such a scenario has never been tested by using a phylogenetic approach...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910477/humanitarian-struggle-in-burma-s-conflict-zones
#2
Moe Gyo
The Back Pack Health Worker Team (BPHWT), a community- based health organization, provides primary health care to ethnic people in conflict, remote, and internally displaced areas, in Burma (aka Myanmar), controlled by ethnic armed organizations fighting against the Burma government. Its services include both curative and preventative health care through a network of 1,425 health personnel including community health workers and village-embedded traditional birth attendants and village health workers. The BPHWT organizational and program model may prove useful to Special Operations medical actions in support of insurgent movements and conversely with a host nation's counterinsurgency strategies, which include the extension of its health services into areas that may be remote and/or inhabited by indigenous people and have insurgency potential...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910381/genetic-characterization-of-blandm-harboring-plasmids-in-carbapenem-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-myanmar
#3
Yo Sugawara, Yukihiro Akeda, Noriko Sakamoto, Dan Takeuchi, Daisuke Motooka, Shota Nakamura, Hideharu Hagiya, Norihisa Yamamoto, Isao Nishi, Hisao Yoshida, Kazuhisa Okada, Khwar Nyo Zin, Mya Mya Aye, Kazunori Tonomo, Shigeyuki Hamada
The bacterial enzyme New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase hydrolyzes almost all β-lactam antibiotics, including carbapenems, which are drugs of last resort for severe bacterial infections. The spread of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae that carry the New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase gene, blaNDM, poses a serious threat to public health. In this study, we genetically characterized eight carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from a tertiary care hospital in Yangon, Myanmar. The eight isolates belonged to five multilocus-sequence types and harbored multiple antimicrobial-resistance genes, resulting in resistance against nearly all of the antimicrobial agents tested, except colistin and fosfomycin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903759/knowledge-access-and-utilization-of-bed-nets-among-stable-and-seasonal-migrants-in-an-artemisinin-resistance-containment-area-of-myanmar
#4
Wint Phyo Than, Tin Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Aung Thi, Philip Owiti, Binay Kumar, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Myanmar lies in the Greater Mekong sub-region of South-East Asia faced with the challenge of emerging resistance to artemisinin combination therapies (ACT). Migrant populations are more likely than others to spread ACT resistance. A vital intervention to reduce malaria transmission, resistance spread and eliminate malaria is the use of bed nets. Among seasonal and stable migrants in an artemisinin resistance containment region of Myanmar, we compared a) their household characteristics, b) contact with health workers and information material, and c) household knowledge, access and utilization of bed nets...
September 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900894/erratum-to-naturally-occurring-vpr-inhibitors-from-medicinal-plants-of-myanmar
#5
Nwet Nwet Win, Hla Ngwe, Ikuro Abe, Hiroyuki Morita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899079/challenges-for-zika-prevention-in-myanmar
#6
A Z Win
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894847/community-engagement-for-the-rapid-elimination-of-malaria-the-case-of-kayin-state-myanmar
#7
Ladda Kajeechiwa, May Myo Thwin, Suphak Nosten, Saw Win Tun, Daniel Parker, Lorenz von Seidlein, Decha Tangseefa, François Nosten, Phaik Yeong Cheah
BACKGROUND:  Currently, malaria elimination efforts are ongoing in several locations across Southeast Asia,  including in Kayin State (also known as Karen State), Myanmar . This paper describes the community engagement efforts for a pilot malaria elimination project, the challenges encountered and lessons learnt. METHODS:  Between May 2013 and June 2015, a study on targeted malaria elimination (TME) that included mass drug administration was conducted in four villages (TPN, TOT, KNH, and HKT) of Kayin State...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886165/low-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-rate-but-high-loss-to-follow-up-among-mothers-and-babies-in-mandalay-myanmar-a-cohort-study
#8
Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Myo Minn Oo, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Khaing Hnin Phyo, Thet Ko Aung, Theingi Mya, Nilar Aung, Htun Nyunt Oo, Petros Isaakidis
INTRODUCTION: Loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) throughout the Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) cascade remains one of the major threats to the success of PMTCT programs. In this study, we aimed to determine the mother-to-child transmission rate in a programmatic setting and to determine factors associated with LTFU among enrolled mothers and unfavorable outcomes among HIV-exposed babies which includes being HIV positive, death and LTFU. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study reviewing routinely collected data in an Integrated HIV care program, Mandalay, Myanmar in June 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885711/hepatitis-b-amongst-immigrants-from-myanmar-genotypes-and-their-clinical-relevance
#9
Thomas R Schulz, Rosalind Edwards, M Christine Thurnheer, Lilly Yuen, Margaret Littlejohn, Peter Revill, Melissa Chu, Firuz Tanyeri, Amanda Wade, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Joseph Sasadeusz
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) from 76 adult immigrants in Australia from Myanmar was characterised to determine the prevalence of different HBV genotypes and subgenotypes. A mutational analysis was then performed to determine the presence of clinically significant mutations and correlate them to clinical outcomes. Initial genotyping revealed 68 patients with genotype C (89.5%) and eight patients with genotype B (10.5%). Phylogenetic analysis revealed the large majority of the genotype C infections were of subgenotype C1 (67/68)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878150/multimorbidity-in-chronic-conditions-public-primary-care-patients-in-four-greater-mekong-countries
#10
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence, pattern, and social determinants of chronic conditions multimorbidity among chronic disease primary care patients in four Greater Mekong countries (Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam). In a cross-sectional survey, chronic disease patients accessing primary care were recruited if they had been diagnosed with any of 21 chronic conditions in the past 12 months, and were interviewed with a structured questionnaire on anxiety, depression, alcohol use, tobacco use, dietary behaviour, physical activity, and quality of life...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870214/plasmodium-vivax-genetic-diversity-and-heterozygosity-in-blood-samples-and-resulting-oocysts-at-the-thai-myanmar-border
#11
Ingfar Soontarawirat, Chiara Andolina, Richard Paul, Nicholas P J Day, Francois Nosten, Charles J Woodrow, Mallika Imwong
BACKGROUND: Polyclonal blood-stage infections of Plasmodium vivax are frequent even in low transmission settings, allowing meiotic recombination between heterologous parasites. Empirical data on meiotic products are however lacking. This study examined microsatellites in oocysts derived by membrane feeding of mosquitoes from blood-stage P. vivax infections at the Thai-Myanmar border. METHODS: Blood samples from patients presenting with vivax malaria were fed to Anopheles cracens by membrane feeding and individual oocysts from midguts were obtained by dissection after 7 days...
September 5, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869953/acute-kidney-injury-following-ingestion-of-henna-leaf-extract-a-case-report-from-myanmar
#12
Yi Yi Khine
Alternative medicine is gaining popularity worldwide. In Asia, particularly Southeast Asia, herbal medicine plays an important role in healthcare. A 34-year-old man from Yangon, Myanmar, was admitted to the medical ward of our hospital after ingesting a herbal remedy of boiled henna leaves (Dan Ywet in Burmese). He developed hemoglobinuria leading to acute kidney injury (AKI). The insult was severe, and he underwent 5 sessions of hemodialysis. His condition improved and within 7 weeks of injury, he made a full recovery...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869949/support-for-dialysis-therapy-in-vietnam-cambodia-and-myanmar-by-japanese-societies-in-the-field-of-blood-purification
#13
Kenichi Kokubo, Kozue Kobayashi, Sunichiro Urabe, Hirokazu Matsubara, Tomotaka Naramura, Haruki Wakai, Toshihide Naganuma, Fumitaka Nakajima, Nobuhisa Shibahara, Toru Hyodo, Kenichi Matsuda, Kazunari Yoshida, Akihiro C Yamashita, Hideki Kawanishi
With recent economic development in Southeast Asia, there have been improvements in medical services and healthcare provision. This has led to increased numbers of dialysis patients and increased numbers of dialysis facilities in the region. To assist economically developing countries in managing this change, support projects from Japan have been conducted in the region since around 2007. This article summarizes and discusses Japan's support activities, in which some of the authors were directly involved, in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Myanmar...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859677/engagement-of-public-and-private-medical-facilities-in-tuberculosis-care-in-myanmar-contributions-and-trends-over-an-eight-year-period
#14
Thin Thin Nwe, Saw Saw, Le Le Win, Myo Myo Mon, Johan van Griensven, Shuisen Zhou, Palanivel Chinnakali, Safieh Shah, Saw Thein, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: As part of the WHO End TB strategy, national tuberculosis (TB) programs increasingly aim to engage all private and public TB care providers. Engagement of communities, civil society organizations and public and private care provider is the second pillar of the End TB strategy. In Myanmar, this entails the public-public and public-private mix (PPM) approach. The public-public mix refers to public hospital TB services, with reporting to the national TB program (NTP). The public-private mix refers to private general practitioners providing TB services including TB diagnosis, treatment and reporting to NTP...
September 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859651/video-based-feedback-as-a-method-for-training-rural-healthcare-workers-to-manage-medical-emergencies-a-pilot-study
#15
Zainab Oseni, Hla Hla Than, Edyta Kolakowska, Lauren Chalmers, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Video-based feedback has been shown to aid knowledge retention, skills learning and improve team functionality. We explored the use of video-based feedback and low fidelity simulation for training rural healthcare workers along the Thailand-Myanmar border and Papua New Guinea (PNG) to manage medical emergencies effectively. METHODS: Twenty-four study participants were recruited from three Shoklo Malaria Research Unit clinics along the Thailand-Myanmar border and eight participants from Kudjip Nazarene Hospital, PNG...
August 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856846/emergence-of-an-exotic-strain-of-serotype-o-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-o-me-sa-ind-2001d-in-south-east-asia-in-2015
#16
Y Qiu, R Abila, P Rodtian, D P King, N J Knowles, L T Ngo, V T Le, S Khounsy, P Bounma, S Lwin, B C Verin, P Widders
The O/Middle East-South Asia (ME-SA)/Ind-2001 lineage of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is endemic in the Indian subcontinent and has been reported in the Middle East and North Africa, but it had not been detected in South-East Asia (SEA) before 2015. This study reports the recent incursions of this viral lineage into SEA, which caused outbreaks in Vientiane Capital of Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) in April 2015, in Dak Nong, Dak Lak and Ninh Thuan Provinces of Vietnam from May to October 2015, and in Rakhine State of Myanmar in October 2015...
August 30, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856773/untangling-the-proximate-causes-and-underlying-drivers-of-deforestation-and-forest-degradation-in-myanmar
#17
Cheng Ling Lim, Graham W Prescott, Jose Don T De Alban, Alan D Ziegler, Edward L Webb
Political transitions often trigger substantial environmental changes. In particular, deforestation can result from the complex interplay among the components of a system-actors, institutions, and existing policies-adapting to new opportunities. A dynamic conceptual map of system components is particularly useful for systems in which multiple actors, each with different worldviews and motivations, may be simultaneously trying to alter different facets of the system, unaware of the impacts on other components...
August 30, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853306/aftermarket-performance-of-health-care-and-biopharmaceutical-ipos-evidence-from-asean-countries
#18
Kulabutr Komenkul, Santi Kiranand
We examine the evidence from the long-run abnormal returns using data for 76 health care and biopharmaceutical initial public offerings (IPOs) listed in a 29-year period between 1986 and 2014 in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Laos. Based on the event-time approach, the 3-year stock returns of the IPOs are investigated using cumulative abnormal return (CAR) and buy-and-hold abnormal return (BHAR)...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835205/prehypertension-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-among-university-students-in-asean-countries
#19
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Vanphanom Sychareun, Alice Joan G Ferrer, Wah Yun Low, Thang Nguyen Huu, Hla Hla Win, Erna Rochmawati, Niruwan Turnbull
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence suggests that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension, hypertension and to identify psychosocial risk factors for prehypertension among university students in Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) countries. METHODS: Based on a cross-sectional survey, the total sample included 4649 undergraduate university students (females = 65...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827004/labdane-diterpenoids-from-curcuma-amada-rhizomes-collected-in-myanmar-and-their-antiproliferative-activities
#20
Nwet Nwet Win, Takuya Ito, Hla Ngwe, Yi Yi Win, Prema, Yasuko Okamoto, Masami Tanaka, Yoshinori Asakawa, Ikuro Abe, Hiroyuki Morita
Four new labdane diterpenoids, 12β-hydroxy-15-norlabda-8(17),13(14)-dien-16-oic acid (1), (E)-15-ethoxy-15-methoxylabda-8(17),12-dien-16-al (2), (E)-15α-ethoxy-14α-hydroxylabda-8(17),12-dien-16-olide (3), and 15-ethoxy-12β-hydroxylabda-8(17),13(14)-dien-16,15-olide (4) were isolated from the methanol extract of Curcuma amada rhizomes collected in Myanmar, together with 13 known analogs. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic techniques. All of the isolates were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities against a small panel of five different human cancer cell lines (A549, human lung cancer; HeLa, human cervical cancer; MCF7, human breast cancer; PANC-1 and PSN-1, human pancreatic cancer)...
August 18, 2017: Fitoterapia
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