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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157957/selection-of-vaccine-strains-for-serotype-o-foot-and-mouth-disease-viruses-2007-2012-circulating-in-southeast-asia-east-asia-and-far-east
#1
Mana Mahapatra, Sasmita Upadhyaya, Sharie Aviso, Aravindh Babu, Geoff Hutchings, Satya Parida
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Southeast Asia (SEA) and East Asia with circulation of multiple serotypes and multiple genotypes within each serotype of the virus. Although countries like Japan and South Korea in the Far East were free of FMD, in 2010 FMD serotype O (O/Mya-98) outbreaks were recorded and since then South Korea has experienced several FMD outbreaks despite regular vaccination. In this study a total of 85 serotype O FMD viruses (FMDV) isolated from 2007 to 2012 from SEA, East Asia and Far East were characterized by virus neutralisation tests using antisera to four existing (O/HKN/6/83, O/IND/R2/75, O/SKR/2010 and O/PanAsia-2) and one putative (O/MYA/2009) vaccine strains, and by full capsid sequencing...
November 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151398/disaster-risk-reduction-in-myanmar-a-need-for-focus-on-community-preparedness-and-improved-evaluation-of-initiatives
#2
Andrew D Smith, Emily Y Y Chan
Myanmar is a country in political and economic transition. Facing a wide-variety of natural hazards and ongoing conflict, the country's under-developed infrastructure has resulted in high disaster risk. Following the devastation of Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and increased global focus on disaster management and risk reduction, Myanmar has begun development of national disaster policies. Myanmar's Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction addressed multiple stages of disaster development and has made progress towards national projects, however, has struggled to implement community-based preparedness and response initiatives...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151397/-i-can-t-do-this-alone-a-study-on-foreign-domestic-workers-providing-long-term-care-for-frail-seniors-at-home
#3
Wai Jia Tam, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, Helena Legido-Quigley, Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play an important role in long-term caregiving of seniors at home. However, how FDWs cope with the caregiving demands, the dynamic interaction between familial and FDW caregivers and its impact on care recipients remain largely un-explored. Existing caregiver interventions mainly target familial caregivers; little assistance is available for FDW caregivers. This study explores FDWs' challenges, coping strategies, and the support they need in caring for seniors...
November 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146640/lipid-profiles-and-determinants-of-total-cholesterol-and-hypercholesterolaemia-among-25-74-year-old-urban-and-rural-citizens-of-the-yangon-region-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Aung Soe Htet, Marte Karoline Kjøllesdal, Wai Phyo Aung, Aye Nyein Moe Myint, Win Thuzar Aye, Myint Myint Wai, Than Than Nu, Ei Mon Hla, Pyone Pyone Soe, Nan Wut Yi Tun, Naw Angela, Mya Mya Khaing, Aung Kyaw Htoo, Soe Tun, Pai Thitsar, Theeoo Lwin, San San Wai, Thi Thi Aung, Khin Aye Thant, Wai Wai Aung Po, Seng Taung Gauzam, Tun Tun Naing, Thet Min Tun, Khin San Myint, Kyi Kyi Oo, Nang Kee Myu Mang, Soe Moe Naing, Ko Ko Zaw, Marius Bergsmark Bjertness, Lhamo Yangchen Sherpa, Win Myint Oo, Hein Stigum, Espen Bjertness
OBJECTIVE: The first is to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidaemia (hypercholesterolaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level), as well as the mean levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL, in the urban and rural Yangon Region, Myanmar. The second is to investigate the association between urban-rural location and total cholesterol. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional studies using the WHO STEPS methodology...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145859/singapore-s-anopheles-sinensis-form-a-is-susceptible-to-plasmodium-vivax-isolates-from-the-western-thailand-myanmar-border
#5
Sook-Cheng Pang, Chiara Andolina, Benoit Malleret, Peter R Christensen, Sai-Gek Lam-Phua, Muhammad Aliff Bin Abdul Razak, Chee-Seng Chong, Daiqin Li, Cindy S Chu, Bruce Russell, Laurent Rénia, Lee-Ching Ng, Francois Nosten
BACKGROUND: Singapore has been certified malaria-free by the World Health Organization since November 1982. However, sporadic autochthonous malaria outbreaks do occur. In one of the most recent outbreaks of vivax malaria, an entomological investigation identified Anopheles sinensis as the most probable vector. As metaphase karyotype studies divided An. sinensis into two forms, A and B, with different vector competence: the investigation of vector competence of An. sinensis found in Singapore was thus pursued using Plasmodium vivax field isolates from the Thailand-Myanmar border...
November 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141900/imminent-health-crises-among-the-rohingya-people-of-myanmar
#6
EDITORIAL
Nicola S Pocock, Syed S Mahmood, Cathy Zimmerman, Miriam Orcutt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138459/the-genomic-landscape-of-nepalese-tibeto-burmans-reveals-new-insights-into-the-recent-peopling-of-southern-himalayas
#7
Guido A Gnecchi-Ruscone, Choongwon Jeong, Sara De Fanti, Stefania Sarno, Michela Trancucci, Davide Gentilini, Anna M Di Blasio, Mingma G Sherpa, Phurba T Sherpa, Giorgio Marinelli, Marco Di Marcello, Luca Natali, Davide Peluzzi, Davide Pettener, Anna Di Rienzo, Donata Luiselli, Marco Sazzini
While much research attention has focused on demographic processes that enabled human diffusion on the Tibetan plateau, little is known about more recent colonization of Southern Himalayas. In particular, the history of migrations, admixture and/or isolation of populations speaking Tibeto-Burman languages, which is supposed to be quite complex and to have reshaped patterns of genetic variation on both sides of the Himalayan arc, remains only partially elucidated. We thus described the genomic landscape of previously unsurveyed Tibeto-Burman (i...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132373/understanding-malaria-treatment-seeking-preferences-within-the-public-sector-amongst-mobile-migrant-workers-in-a-malaria-elimination-scenario-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Migration flows and the emerging resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) create programmatic challenges to meeting the AD 2030 malaria elimination target in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) targeted migrant workers based mainly on the stability of their worksites (categories 1: permanent work-setting; categories 2 and 3: less stable work-settings). This study aims to assess the migration patterns, malaria treatment-seeking preferences, and challenges encountered by mobile/migrant workers at remote sites in a malaria-elimination setting...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127525/cellular-mechanisms-of-action-and-resistance-of-plasmodium-falciparum-to-artemisinin
#9
Papichaya Phompradit, Wanna Chaijaroenkul, Kesara Na-Bangchang
The recent reports of high failure rates and decline in in vitro sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) suggest the possibility of clinical artemisinin resistance along the Thai-Cambodian and Thai-Myanmar borders. The study investigated cellular mechanisms of action and resistance of P. falciparum to artesunate (stage specific activity, interaction with hemozoin, and anti-oxidant levels) in the two paired P. falciparum isolates (MSF046 and MSF060) collected before treatment with a 3-day artesunate-mefloquine and at the time of recrudescence...
December 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118655/the-burden-of-dengue-source-reduction-measures-and-serotype-patterns-in-myanmar-2011-to-2015-r2
#10
Pwint Mon Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Anthony D Harries, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Zaw Lin
Background: Myanmar is currently classified as a high burden dengue country in the Asian Pacific region. The Myanmar vector-borne diseases control (VBDC) program has collected data on dengue and source reduction measures since 1970, and there is a pressing need to collate, analyze, and interpret this information. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of hospital-based dengue disease, dengue control measures, and serotype patterns in Myanmar between 2011 and 2015. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using annual records from the Dengue Fever/Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Prevention and Control Project in Myanmar...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118610/a-new-terrestrial-talitrid-genus-myanmarorchestia-with-two-new-species-from-myanmar-crustacea-amphipoda-talitridae
#11
Zhonge Hou, Shuangyan Zhao
Myanmarorchestia Hou, gen. n. with two new species is described from terrestrial habitats in Myanmar. This new genus is characterised by 4-dentate lacinia on left mandible, simple gnathopod I in both sexes, weakly chelate gnathopod II in male, simplidactylate pereopods and complex and lobed gills. Myanmarorchestia peterjaegeri Hou, sp. n. closely resembles M. seabri Hou, sp. n. in gnathopod II merus and carpus protuberant on posterior margin; however, the former is distinguished from the latter by palp of maxilla I with two articles, coxal gills convoluted, and telson with nicks on surface...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115910/factors-associated-with-long-turnaround-time-for-early-infant-diagnosis-of-hiv-in-myanmar
#12
Soe Thiha, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Sairu Philip, Thet Ko Aung, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Myo Minn Oo, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, May Wint War, Htun Nyunt Oo
BACKGROUND: A previous review of early infant diagnosis (EID) using polymerase chain reaction technology (PCR) under integrated HIV care (IHC) program in Myanmar revealed a low uptake of timely (within 6 to 8 weeks of babies' age) EID and a long turnaround time (TAT) of receiving results. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the proportion and factors associated with the composite outcome of a long TAT (≥7 weeks; from sample collection to receipt of result by mother) or nonreceipt of result among HIV-exposed babies whose blood samples were collected for PCR at <9 months of age under the IHC program, Myanmar (2013-15)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110734/socioeconomic-and-behavioural-determinants-of-malaria-among-the-migrants-in-gold-mining-rubber-and-oil-palm-plantation-areas-in-myanmar
#13
Htin Zaw Soe, Aung Thi, Ni Ni Aye
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major public health problem in Myanmar. Migrant populations are at high risk of contracting malaria and its control is more difficult than for settled population. Studies on malaria and migration are rare in Myanmar. This study was undertaken with the main objective of identifying socioeconomic and behavioural determinants of malaria among the migrant workers involved in gold mining, rubber and oil palm plantations. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted using pretested interview-administered questionnaires among internal migrants (n = 406) in the malaria endemic townships of Shwegyin, Bago Region, Thanbyuzayat, Mon State and Kawthaung, Taninthayi Region from August to November, 2015...
November 6, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110686/oncology-practitioners-perspectives-and-practice-patterns-of-post-treatment-cancer-survivorship-care-in-the-asia-pacific-region-results-from-the-step-study
#14
Raymond Javan Chan, Patsy Yates, Qiuping Li, Hiroko Komatsu, Violeta Lopez, Myat Thandar, Selva Titus Chacko, Winnie Kwok Wei So, Kanaungnit Pongthavornkamol, Myungsun Yi, Pongpak Pittayapan, Jessica Butcon, David Wyld, Alex Molassiotis
BACKGROUND: Most efforts to advance cancer survivorship care have occurred in Western countries. There has been limited research towards gaining a comprehensive understanding of survivorship care provision in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aimed to establish the perceptions of responsibility, confidence, and frequency of survivorship care practices of oncology practitioners and examine their perspectives on factors that impede quality survivorship care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of hospital-based oncology practitioners in 10 Asia-Pacific countries was undertaken between May 2015-October 2016...
November 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107979/helicobacter-pylori-bab-characterization-in-clinical-isolates-from-bhutan-myanmar-nepal-and-bangladesh
#15
Shamshul Ansari, Evariste Tshibangu Kabamba, Pradeep Krishna Shrestha, Hafeza Aftab, Thein Myint, Lotay Tshering, Rabi Prakash Sharma, Nwe Ni, Than Than Aye, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomohisa Uchida, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone, Varocha Mahachai, Takashi Matsumoto, Junko Akada, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori BabA is an important outer membrane protein that involves in the attachment to the gastric mucosa and enhances the virulence property of the bacterium. This study was aimed to characterize the bab genotypes, to evaluate its association with cagA, vacA and clinical diseases as well as degree of gastric inflammation. METHODS: H. pylori isolates from four countries were subjected for the characterization of bab. The locus specific forward and bab specific reverse primers were used to get the specific products by PCR, which could distinguish the three locus (A, B and C)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105323/factors-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-myanmar-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Minh D Pham, Poe Poe Aung, Aye Kyawt Paing, Naanki Pasricha, Paul A Agius, Waimar Tun, Ashish Bajracharya, Stanley Luchters
INTRODUCTION: In Myanmar, men who have sex with men (MSM) experience high risk of HIV infection. However, access to HIV testing and prevention services remains a challenge among this marginalized population. The objective of this study was to estimate population prevalence and correlates of prior HIV testing among young MSM (YMSM) and informs the development of HIV testing and intervention programmes that respond to the specific needs of this population. METHODS: Five hundred and eighty-five YMSM aged 18 to 24 years were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in a cross-sectional survey conducted in six townships of Myanmar...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103262/genetic-diversity-and-natural-selection-in-42-kda-region-of-plasmodium-vivax-merozoite-surface-protein-1-from-china-myanmar-endemic-border
#17
Xia Zhou, Ernest Tambo, Jing Su, Qiang Fang, Wei Ruan, Jun-Hu Chen, Ming-Bo Yin, Xiao-Nong Zhou
Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein-1 (PvMSP1) gene codes for a major malaria vaccine candidate antigen. However, its polymorphic nature represents an obstacle to the design of a protective vaccine. In this study, we analyzed the genetic polymorphism and natural selection of the C-terminal 42 kDa fragment within PvMSP1 gene (Pv MSP142) from 77 P. vivax isolates, collected from imported cases of China-Myanmar border (CMB) areas in Yunnan province and the inland cases from Anhui, Yunnan, and Zhejiang province in China during 2009-2012...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102099/white-lipped-tree-viper-cryptelytrops-albolabris-envenomation-in-an-american-viper-keeper
#18
Spencer Greene, Laura Ann Galdamez, Richard Tomasheski
BACKGROUND: Snakebites are common in many regions of the United States. Bites from exotic species, however, are rare. The white-lipped tree viper, Cryptelytrops (formerly Trimeresurus) albolabris, is a pit viper native to Southeast Asia. Bites are common in countries such as Myanmar, India, Thailand, Indonesia, and China. In this report, we describe an envenomation in an American viper keeper. CASE REPORT: A healthy 28-year-old right-handed man who collects venomous snakes experienced a bite to the distal left thumb from a neonatal C...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100696/long-term-trend-and-correlation-between-vegetation-greenness-and-climate-variables-in-asia-based-on-satellite-data
#19
Munkhnasan Lamchin, Woo-Kyun Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Sonam Wangyel Wang, Chul Hee Lim, Cholho Song, Minjun Sung
Satellite data has been used to ascertain trends and correlations between climate change and vegetation greenness in Asia. Our study utilized 33-year (1982-2014) AVHRR-GIMMS (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer - Global Inventory Modelling and Mapping Studies) NDVI3g and CRU TS (Climatic Research Unit Time Series) climate variable (temperature, rainfall, and potential evapotranspiration) time series. First, we estimated the overall trends for vegetation greenness, climate variables and analyzed trends during summer (April to October), winter (November to March), and the entire year...
October 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099808/prenatal-heavy-metal-exposure-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-myanmar-a-birth-cohort-study
#20
Kyi Mar Wai, Ohn Mar, Satoko Kosaka, Mitsutoshi Umemura, Chiho Watanabe
Arsenic, cadmium and lead are well-known environmental contaminants, and their toxicity at low concentration is the target of scientific concern. In this study, we aimed to identify the potential effects of prenatal heavy metal exposure on the birth outcomes among the Myanmar population. This study is part of a birth-cohort study conducted with 419 pregnant women in the Ayeyarwady Division, Myanmar. Face-to-face interviews were performed using a questionnaire, and maternal spot urine samples were collected at the third trimester...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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