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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911013/the-cost-of-care-homes-for-people-with-dementia-in-england-a-modelling-approach
#1
Renee Romeo, Martin Knapp, Suzanne Salverda, Martin Orrell, Jane Fossey, Clive Ballard
OBJECTIVES: To examine the cost of care for people with dementia in institutional care settings, to understand the major cost drivers and to highlight opportunities for service development. METHODS: Data on 277 residents with dementia in 16 UK residential or nursing homes were collected. We estimated care and support costs and fitted models to the data. Sensitivity analyses were also conducted. RESULTS: Care home residents cost £792 weekly: 95% of the costs accounted for by direct fees...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889282/neuromodulation-treatments-for-geriatric-mood-and-cognitive-disorders
#3
REVIEW
William M McDonald
There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of neuromodulation in the treatment of resistant mood disorders and emerging data supporting the use of neuromodulation in cognitive disorders. A significant minority of depressed elders do not respond to pharmacotherapy and/or psychotherapy. This has led clinicians to recommend the increasing use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of medication-resistant or life-threatening geriatric depression. Multiple studies have supported the safety and efficacy of ECT in the elderly, yet ECT is associated with side effects including cardiovascular and cognitive side effects...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811466/symptoms-of-anxiety-in-older-adults-with-depression-dementia-or-psychosis-a-principal-component-analysis-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory
#4
Anette Bakkane Bendixen, Cecilie Bhandari Hartberg, Geir Selbæk, Knut Engedal
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to examine anxiety symptoms as measured by the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in older patients with depression, dementia, or psychotic disorders. The secondary aim was to conduct a principal component analysis (PCA) of the GAI and to examine whether its subscales differ between the 3 disorders. METHODS: We included data from 428 patients who were admitted to a department of geriatric psychiatry and examined according to a standardized protocol...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746070/use-of-tablet-devices-in-the-management-of-agitation-among-inpatients-with-dementia-an-open-label-study
#5
Ipsit V Vahia, Rujvi Kamat, Cheng Vang, Carolina Posada, Lisa Ross, Sarah Oreck, Alok Bhatt, Colin Depp, Dilip V Jeste, Daniel D Sewell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, safety, and utility of tablet devices as novel nonpharmacologic tools in managing older psychiatric inpatients with agitation and dementia. METHODS: Thirty-six patients at a geriatric psychiatry inpatient unit were provided with tablets when agitated and used various apps on the tablet related to communication, games, music, web browser, and photography during their stay. Study staff documented the frequency, duration, and app usage history and rated the extent to which agitation improved after tablet use...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743677/-prescription-of-antipsychotics-in-elderly-patients-with-dementia-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-impact-of-recommendations-of-the-french-health-authority
#6
X Jégouzo, M Desbordes, S Delègue, G Le Vacon, M Patrick, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral and psychological symptoms have a high prevalence in dementia. They include mood disorders, psychotic disorders and behavioral disorders such as aggression or screaming. Despite a number of side effects and an increased mortality, antipsychotic drugs are widely prescribed for treatment of this disorder. In France, this increased risk of mortality led in 2009 to the adoption of guidelines concerning all antipsychotics. The guidelines propose a sensible use of antipsychotics after the establishment of non-pharmacological measures...
October 12, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742528/age-friendly-communities-initiative-public-health-approach-to-promoting-successful-aging
#7
REVIEW
Dilip V Jeste, Dan G Blazer, Kathleen C Buckwalter, Keri-Leigh K Cassidy, Len Fishman, Lisa P Gwyther, Saul M Levin, Christopher Phillipson, Ramesh R Rao, Ellen Schmeding, William A Vega, Julie A Avanzino, Danielle K Glorioso, John Feather
Older adults consistently prefer aging in place, which requires a high level of community support and services that are currently lacking. With a rapidly aging population, the present infrastructure for healthcare will prove even more inadequate to meet seniors' physical and mental health needs. A paradigm shift away from the sole focus on delivery of interventions at an individual level to more prevention-focused, community-based approaches will become essential. Recent initiatives have been proposed to promote healthy lifestyles and preventive care to enable older adults to age in place...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739182/cost-effectiveness-of-donepezil-and-memantine-in-moderate-to-severe-alzheimer-s-disease-the-domino-ad-trial
#8
Martin Knapp, Derek King, Renée Romeo, Jessica Adams, Ashley Baldwin, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Robert Barber, Peter Bentham, Richard G Brown, Alistair Burns, Tom Dening, David Findlay, Clive Holmes, Tony Johnson, Robert Jones, Cornelius Katona, James Lindesay, Ajay Macharouthu, Ian McKeith, Rupert McShane, John T O'Brien, Patrick P J Phillips, Bart Sheehan, Robert Howard
OBJECTIVE: Most investigations of pharmacotherapy for treating Alzheimer's disease focus on patients with mild-to-moderate symptoms, with little evidence to guide clinical decisions when symptoms become severe. We examined whether continuing donepezil, or commencing memantine, is cost-effective for community-dwelling, moderate-to-severe Alzheimer's disease patients. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis was based on a 52-week, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled, factorial clinical trial...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729818/workplace-violence-in-different-settings-and-among-various-health-professionals-in-an-italian-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723124/how-do-we-enhance-undergraduate-healthcare-education-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-role-of-innovative-approaches-and-development-of-the-time-for-dementia-programme
#10
Sube Banerjee, Nicolas Farina, Stephanie Daley, Wendy Grosvenor, Leila Hughes, Molly Hebditch, Sophie Mackrell, Ramin Nilforooshan, Chris Wyatt, Kay de Vries, Inam Haq, Juliet Wright
OBJECTIVES: Traditional healthcare education, delivered through a series of time-limited clinical placements, often fails to deliver an understanding of the experiences of those with long-term conditions, a growing issue for healthcare systems. Responses include longitudinal integrated clerkships and senior mentor programmes allowing students' longer placements, continuity of contact and opportunities to learn about chronic illness and patient experience. We review their development and delivery in dementia and present the Time for Dementia (TFD) Programme, a novel 2-year interdisciplinary educational programme...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714573/subjective-cognitive-complaints-and-objective-cognitive-function-in-aging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-recent-cross-sectional-findings
#11
REVIEW
Bridget Burmester, Janet Leathem, Paul Merrick
Research investigating how subjective cognitive complaints (SCCs) might reliably indicate impairments in objective cognitive functioning has produced highly varied findings, and despite attempts to synthesise this literature (e.g., Jonker et al. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 983-991, 2000; Reid and MacLullich Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 22(5-6), 471-485, 2006; Crumley et al. Psychology and Aging, 29(2), 250-263, 2014), recent work continues to offer little resolution. This review provides both quantitative and qualitative synthesis of research conducted since the last comprehensive review in 2006, with the aim of identifying reasons for these discrepancies that might provide fruitful avenues for future exploration...
December 2016: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591914/clinicians-views-on-treatment-resistant-depression-2016-survey-reports
#12
EDITORIAL
Katarina Arandjelovic, Harris A Eyre, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: There is a relative paucity of information on both empirical and subjective treatment strategies for treatment-resistant depression (TRD), especially in late life. This paper reviews the findings from two 2016 surveys conducted through the American Psychiatric Association publication the Psychiatric Times and via a member survey by the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry (AAGP). METHODS: We present the results of the two surveys in terms of descriptive frequencies and percentages and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of various approaches to late-life TRD...
October 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569263/canary-in-a-coal-mine-geriatric-psychiatry-in-crisis
#13
EDITORIAL
Paul Kirwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505022/substance-misuse-education-for-physicians-why-older-people-are-important
#14
REVIEW
Cornelis A J De Jong, Christine Goodair, Ilana Crome, Darius Jokubonis, Nady El-Guebaly, Geert Dom, Arnt Schellekens, Barbara Broers, Emilis Subata, Gabrielle Katrine Welle-Strand, Lonneke Luycks, Michel Wolters, Tamara Schoof
This perspective article focuses on the need for training and education for undergraduate medical students on substance-related disorders, and describes initiatives undertaken in the United Kingdom (UK), Netherlands, United States (US), and Norway to develop the skills, knowledge, and attitudes needed by future doctors to treat patients adequately. In addition, we stress that in postgraduate training, further steps should be taken to develop Addiction Medicine as a specialized and transverse medical domain...
March 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488204/alcohol-and-opioid-use-disorder-in-older-adults-neglected-and-treatable-illnesses
#15
REVIEW
Christoffel Le Roux, Yilang Tang, Karen Drexler
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and opioid use disorder (OUD) in older adults for general psychiatrists. The rapid growth of the geriatric population in the USA has wide-ranging implications as the baby boomer generation ages. Various types of substance use disorders (SUDs) are common in older adults, and they often take a greater toll on affected older adults than on younger adults. Due to multiple reasons, SUDs in older adults are often under-reported, under-detected, and under-treated...
September 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464599/detecting-clinical-change-with-the-cdr-ftld-differences-between-ftld-and-ad-dementia
#16
Eneida Mioshi, Emma Flanagan, David Knopman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychometric properties of the Clinical Dementia Scale-frontotemporal lobar degeneration (CDR-FTLD) psychometric properties using Rasch analysis and its sensitivity distinguishing disease progression between FTLD and Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Of 603 consecutive patients from the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center dataset (FTLD = 350; AD = 253), 120 FTLDs were included in a Rasch analysis to verify CDR-FTLD psychometric properties; 483 (FTLD = 230; AD = 253) were included to analyse disease progression, with 195 (FTLD = 82; AD = 113) followed-up (24 months)...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436219/-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-in-elderly-patients-analysis-of-reasons-for-admission-to-a-department-of-geriatric-psychiatry
#17
C Jagsch, G Dietmaier, M Jagsch, R E Roller
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the possible reasons for acute admission to a department for geriatric psychiatry. The reasons for hospitalization, the psychiatric and somatic comorbidities of the patients over 65 years old with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and delusional disorder were examined to identify patterns and risk profiles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out using paper and electronic patient records of a department of acute care for geriatric psychiatry and psychotherapy...
July 19, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433404/a-comparison-of-the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-bpsd-in-early-onset-and-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-a-study-from-south-east-asia-kashmir-india
#18
Raheel Mushtaq, Charles Pinto, Shah Faisal Ahmad Tarfarosh, Arshad Hussain, Sheikh Shoib, Tabindah Shah, Sahil Shah, Mushbiq Manzoor, Mudassir Bhat, Tasleem Arif
BACKGROUND: A gradual increase in the longevity due to advancement of treatment modalities and a subsequent surge in elderly population in India have led to a growing curiosity in the geriatric age group with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) represent epiphenomena of AD. However, no comprehensive study has been carried out in South East Asia (Kashmir, India), to assess the behavioral and psychological symptoms in subtypes of AD. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess BPSD in early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD)...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411496/practice-eligible-route-for-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-why-some-canadian-psychiatrists-are-disinterested-in-writing-the-rcpsc-subspeciality-examination
#19
Vincent Laliberté, Mark J Rapoport, Kiran Rabheru, Soham Rej
Geriatric psychiatry was officially recognized as a subspecialty by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) in 2009, with the first RCPSC exam written in 2013 (Andrew and Shea, 2010). The unique mental health needs of Canadians' seniors requires geriatric psychiatrists trained to address them (Herrmann, 2004), but current rates of recruitment in informal fellowship programs have been inadequate (Bragg et al., 2012). One hope of subspeciality recognition was to increase recruitment in Canada, but there have been some challenges in accrediting psychiatrists already caring for older adults...
October 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401051/peer-review-at-the-american-journal-of-geriatric-psychiatry-an-appeal-to-the-better-angels-of-our-nature
#20
EDITORIAL
Charles F Reynolds, Dan G Blazer, Gwenn Smith, Dilip V Jeste
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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