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Neck pain represent

Alain Bruno Tagne Nouemssi
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to represent an important public health challenge in the world and the USA, especially given its association with HIV infection and population migration. Cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis represents the most common extrapulmonary presentation of TB in the USA. Considerations for other causes of neck mass often contribute to delay in diagnosis. In this report, we describe the case of a 41-year-old man who presented with painful swelling of the neck and was diagnosed with tuberculous lymphadenitis, complicated by HIV therapy-associated immune reconstitution syndrome...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Zorica Buser, Brandon Ortega, Anthony D'Oro, William Pannell, Jeremiah R Cohen, Justin Wang, Ray Golish, Michael Reed, Jeffrey C Wang
Study Design: Retrospective database study. Objective: Low back and neck pain are among the top leading causes of disability worldwide. The aim of our study was to report the current trends on spine degenerative disorders and their treatments. Methods: Patients diagnosed with lumbar or cervical spine conditions within the orthopedic subset of Medicare and Humana databases (PearlDiver). From the initial cohorts we identified subgroups based on the treatment: fusion or nonoperative within 1 year from diagnosis...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
Fernanda Mara de Paiva Bertoli, Carolina Dea Bruzamolin, Eduardo Pizzatto, Estela Maris Losso, João Armando Brancher, Juliana Feltrin de Souza
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) increases during adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have examined TMD prevalence in Brazilian adolescents. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of TMD in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A representative population-based sample of 934 adolescents (10-14-years-old) was examined. TMD screening was performed using a questionnaire by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain...
2018: PloS One
M G Maglione, A Guida, E Pavone, F Longo, C Aversa, S Villano, F Ionna
Tumours arising from the parapharyngeal space (PPS) represent less than 1% of all head and neck tumours. Salivary gland tumours account for 40-50% of PPS lesions and are located in the pre-styloid parapharyngeal space. Pleomorphic adenomas represent 80-90% of salivary tumours in the PPS. Recently, transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has become common in head and neck surgery as a minimally invasive procedure. Four cases of benign PPS tumour treated with TORS are presented here. Preoperative diagnosis was conducted by fine needle aspiration biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging, and the results were used to plan the correct surgical approach...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
M Y Sharaf, S I Ibrahim, A E Eskander, A F Shaker
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of prosthetic rehabilitation versus surgical rehabilitation in improving the QOL for patients with maxillary defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus data base, Cochrane database, Ovid database, and Latin America & Caribbean database for articles published before September 2017 was performed by two independent reviewers. A manual search of articles published from January 2000 to September 2017 was also conducted...
January 31, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
Background: The quality of health care provider clinical decisions has long been recognized as variable. Research has focused on clinical decision making with the aim of improving patient outcomes. No studies have looked at chiropractic students´ abilities in this regard. Method: In 2016, advanced students from two Australian chiropractic programs ( N  = 444) answered a questionnaire on patient case scenarios for neck and low back pain (LBP). We selected 7 scenarios representing the three categories; continuing care, non-indicated care, and contraindicated care...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Junhyung Park, Do-Heung Ko, Jingang Her, Jihea Woo
BACKGROUND: Cranio-cervical flexion exercise (CCFE) is a representative exercise that activates the deep muscles of neck pain patients. However, there are a lack of studies that propose specific exercise methods to examine the more effective activity level of the deep cervical flexor. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to propose a more effective exercise method through effect comparison based on an optimal degree of mouth-opening, a mouth-open versus mouth-closed position, eye gaze, and body position change during CCFE...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Domagoj Coric, Richard D Guyer, Pierce D Nunley, David Musante, Cameron Carmody, Charles Gordon, Carl Lauryssen, Margaret O Boltes, Donna D Ohnmeiss
OBJECTIVE Seven cervical total disc replacement (TDR) devices have received FDA approval since 2006. These devices represent a heterogeneous assortment of implants made from various biomaterials with different biomechanical properties. The majority of these devices are composed of metallic endplates with a polymer core. In this prospective, randomized multicenter study, the authors evaluate the safety and efficacy of a metal-on-metal (MoM) TDR (Kineflex|C) versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of single-level spondylosis with radiculopathy through a long-term (5-year) follow-up...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Heidi Johansen, Trine Bathen, Liv Øinæs Andersen, Svend Rand-Hendriksen, Kristin Østlie
PURPOSE: To describe Norwegian adults with congenital unilateral upper limb deficiency (CUULD) regarding self-reported chronic pain (intensity, locations, impact on daily life) and fatigue. Analyze associations between chronic pain and demographic/clinical factors and associations between fatigue and demographic/ clinical factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. In 2012, a postal questionnaire was sent to 186 persons with congenital limb deficiency, age ≥ 20 years...
2018: PloS One
Katerina Zorina-Lichtenwalter, Marc Parisien, Luda Diatchenko
Numerous studies have shown associations between genetic variants and neuropathic pain disorders. Rare monogenic disorders are caused by mutations of substantial effect size in a single gene, whereas common disorders are likely to have a contribution from multiple genetic variants of mild effect size, representing different biological pathways. In this review, we survey the reported genetic contributors to neuropathic pain and submit them for validation in a 150,000-participant sample of the U.K. Biobank cohort...
March 2018: Pain
Craig Moore, Jon Adams, Andrew Leaver, Romy Lauche, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: While the clinical role of manual therapies in migraine management is unclear, the use of chiropractors for this condition is considerable. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of chiropractors who frequently manage patients with migraine. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey of chiropractors collected information on practitioner characteristics, clinical management characteristics and practice settings. A secondary analysis was conducted on 1869 respondents who reported on their migraine caseload to determine the predictors associated with the frequent management of patients with migraine...
December 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Luis A Robles, Greg M Mundis, Abel Cuevas-Solórzano
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital rotatory dislocation (AORD) has been rarely reported in the literature; for this reason, the clinical-radiological characteristics of this injury are not well described. METHODS: The authors describe the case of a 67 years old male who sustained a cervical spine trauma. He only referred neck pain and was neurologically intact. The CT scan showed a rotatory displacement of the atlanto-occipital joints (AOJs) associated with a widened condylar-C1 interval; in addition, the MRI revealed injuries to the stabilizing ligaments of this area...
November 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
Zahra Orouji, Amir Bajouri, Mahshid Ghasemi, Parvaneh Mohammadi, Nasrin Fallah, Atefeh Shahbazi, Mohammad Rezvani, Fatemeh Vaezirad, Zahra Khalajasadi, Ahad Alizadeh, Ehsan Taghiabadi, Sara Dashtbozorgi, Raheleh Aghdami, Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini, Hossein Bahahrvand, Saeed Shafieyan, Nasser Aghdami
BACKGROUND: Recently, we introduced intralesional injection of autologous epidermal cells as a safe and feasible approach for transplantation in patients with stable vitiligo. This approach resulted in less pain during and after the procedure, no scarring or cobblestone formation at the recipient site, and was more feasible to perform on curved surfaces such as joints, lips, eyelids, ears, and face. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of this transplantation technique...
January 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Antonio Bocchetti, Valentina Cioffi, Cristian Gragnaniello, Raffaele de Falco
BACKGROUND: Foramen magnum meningiomas (FMM) represent a challenge for neurosurgeons. Multiple surgical strategies have been reported to treat these lesions in their variable location. Contemporary technical innovations allow the utilization of common sub-occipital craniotomy to treat ventrally, ventro-laterally and dorsally located FMMs. We present our technique and experience. METHODS: From November 2004 to November 2015, we treated 14 patients with FMM at the Department of Neurosurgery of the Santa Maria delle Grazie Hospital in Pozzuoli, Naples, Italy...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
P A Allen, D Delahanty, K P Kaut, X Li, M Garcia, J R Houston, D M Tokar, F Loth, J Maleki, S Vorster, M G Luciano
BACKGROUND: Prior research has typically found a negative relationship between chronic pain and memory, and we examined whether cognitive control processes (e.g. reflection and rumination) moderated this relationship in individuals with Chiari malformation Type I (CM). CM is a neurological condition in which the cerebellar tonsils descend into the medullary and upper cervical spine regions potentially resulting in severe headaches and neck pain. METHODS: CM patients who had (n = 341) and had not (n = 297) undergone decompression surgery completed the McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form-Revised (SF-MPQ-2), the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), and the Rumination-Reflection Questionnaire (RRQ)...
October 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
Javier Biurrun Chamale, Marco Bruno, Facundo Mandojana, Llugdar José, Lucas Armando, Doniquian Alejandro
BACKGROUND: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a sarcoma of uncertain origin that can be found both in soft tissues and in bones. It is currently called undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma not otherwise specified and it represents a final common pathway in several tumors that are subject to the progress of dedifferentiation. Local recurrence of the tumor in the same location where it was originated occurs in 20-30% of the total number of soft tissue sarcomas. It is less frequent in limbs and more likely to recur in retroperitoneal sarcomas and in head and neck...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng, Amie Steel, Romy Lauche, Craig Moore, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVES: The Australian Chiropractic Research Network (ACORN) practice-based research network (PBRN) cohort was established to provide sustainable infrastructure necessary to address lack of rigorous investigation and to bridge the research-practice gap focused on chiropractic care for future years. This paper presents the profile of chiropractors recruited to the ACORN PBRN, a nationally representative sample of chiropractors working in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a cohort study of chiropractors in Australia...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
Johnny J Wei, Silky Chotai, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Kristin R Archer, Byron J Schneider, Aaron J Yang, Clinton J Devin
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Chronic opioid therapy is associated with worse patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following spine surgery. However, little literature exists on the relationship between opioid use and PROs following epidural steroid injections for radicular pain. PURPOSE: We evaluated the association between pre-injection opioid use and PROs following spine epidural steroid injection. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a retrospective analysis of a prospective longitudinal registry database...
September 28, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Stefan Bartels, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Frede Frihagen, Cecilia Rogmark, Stein Erik Utvåg
Background and purpose - The treatment of patients between 55 and 70 years with displaced intracapsular femoral neck fracture remains controversial. We compared internal fixation (IF), bipolar hemiarthroplasty (HA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) in terms of mortality, reoperations and patient-reported outcome by using data from the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register. Patients and methods - We included 2,713 patients treated between 2005 and 2012. 1,111 patients were treated with IF, 1,030 with HA and 572 patients with THA...
September 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
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