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Neck pain incidence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756612/cancer-of-the-head-and-neck-a-set-of-indicators-based-on-register-and-administrative-data
#1
A Andreano, M Ansarin, D Alterio, R Bruschini, M G Valsecchi, A G Russo
Head and neck (H&N) tumours are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with 5-year relative survival ranging from about 25% for the hypopharynx to 60% for the larynx in Europe. To improve survival rates, along with therapeutic improvements, it is important to standardise and optimise care received by patients with H&N tumours across different healthcare providers. To reach this goal, it is necessary to evaluate adherence to standards of received care at a population level. Published guidelines can serve as the basis to develop indicators, which can be computed from administrative health databases, measuring the adherence to specific recommendations at the individual level in unselected H&N cancer patients, identified from a population cancer register...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743392/a-health-behavior-screening-tool-for-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736121/analgesic-and-opioid-use-in-pain-associated-with-head-and-neck-radiation-therapy
#3
Sandeep Muzumder, S Nirmala, H U Avinash, Mg John Sebastian, Prashanth Bhat Kainthaje
Aim: The aim of the study is to find the incidence of analgesic and opioid use in pain associated in HNC patient undergoing radiation therapy. Background: Radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy has become the standard of care in head and neck cancer. Acute toxicity like mucositis and dysphagia has increased with aggressive therapy. Pain is an invariable accompaniment of oropharyngeal mucositis, which leads to decreased quality of life and treatment break...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713181/minodronate-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis
#4
REVIEW
Tsuyoshi Ohishi, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Minodronate is a third-generation bisphosphonate that was developed and approved for clinical use in osteoporosis therapy in Japan. The mechanism of action for suppressing bone resorption is the inhibition of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase, a key enzyme in the mevalonic acid metabolic pathway of osteoclasts, to induce apoptosis of the cells. Minodronate is the strongest inhibitor of bone resorption among the currently available oral bisphosphonates. Large randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trials have revealed an increase in bone mineral density of both the lumbar spine and femoral neck over 3 years of daily minodronate therapy and risk reduction in vertebral fractures over 2 years of therapy...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701558/syringobulbia-in-pediatric-patients-with-chiari-malformation-type-i
#5
Arnold H Menezes, Jeremy D W Greenlee, Brian J Dlouhy
OBJECTIVE Syringobulbia (SB) is a rare entity, with few cases associated with Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) in the pediatric population. The authors reviewed all pediatric cases of CM-I-associated SB managed at their institution in order to better understand the presentation, treatment, and surgical outcomes of this condition. METHODS A prospectively maintained institutional database of craniovertebral junction abnormalities was analyzed to identify all cases of CM-I and SB from the MRI era (i.e., after 1984)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698934/a-review-of-clinical-radioprotection-and-chemoprotection-for-oral-mucositis
#6
REVIEW
Bryan Oronsky, Sharad Goyal, Michelle M Kim, Pedro Cabrales, Michelle Lybeck, Scott Caroen, Neil Oronsky, Erica Burbano, Corey Carter, Arnold Oronsky
The first tenet of medicine, "primum non nocere" or "first, do no harm", is not always compatible with oncological interventions e.g., chemotherapy, targeted therapy and radiation, since they commonly result in significant toxicities. One of the more frequent and serious treatment-induced toxicities is mucositis and particularly oral mucositis (OM) described as inflammation, atrophy and breakdown of the mucosa or lining of the oral cavity. The sequelae of oral mucositis (OM), which include pain, odynodysphagia, dysgeusia, decreased oral intake and systemic infection, frequently require treatment delays, interruptions and discontinuations that not only negatively impact quality of life but also tumor control and survivorship...
April 23, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696120/acute-cervical-and-thoracic-ventral-side-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-causing-high-paraplegia-a-case-report
#7
Wei Zhao, Long-Fei Shu, Sang Cai, Feng Zhang
Introduction: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare condition that can potentially cause paraplegia. SSEH has an increasing incidence rate and its cause remains unclear. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results shows that SSEH presents a spinal epidural space-occupying lesion; therefore, emergency surgical treatment is required in some cases. MRI results of most SSEH cases showed that hematoma occurs in the dorsal or lateral side. By contrast, hematoma in the ventral side is very rarely shown...
December 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671866/isocapnic-hyperventilation-provides-early-extubation-after-head-and-neck-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#8
K Hallén, P Jildenstål, O Stenqvist, J Oras, S-E Ricksten, S Lindgren
BACKGROUND: Isocapnic hyperventilation (IHV) shortens recovery time after inhalation anaesthesia by increasing ventilation while maintaining a normal airway carbon dioxide (CO2 )-level. One way of performing IHV is to infuse CO2 to the inspiratory limb of a breathing circuit during mechanical hyperventilation (HV). In a prospective randomized study, we compared this IHV technique to a standard emergence procedure (control). METHODS: Thirty-one adult ASA I-III patients undergoing long-duration (>3 hours) sevoflurane anaesthesia for major head and neck surgery were included and randomized to IHV-treatment (n = 16) or control (n = 15)...
April 19, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627862/a-phase-ii-study-of-hmb-arg-gln-against-oral-mucositis-induced-by-chemoradiotherapy-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
Tomoya Yokota, Satoshi Hamauchi, Yukio Yoshida, Takashi Yurikusa, Miho Suzuki, Aiko Yamashita, Hirofumi Ogawa, Tsuyoshi Onoe, Keita Mori, Tetsuro Onitsuka
PURPOSE: This phase II trial assessed the clinical benefit of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, arginine, and glutamine (HMB/Arg/Gln) for preventing chemoradiotherapy (CRT)-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: Patients with HNC receiving definitive or postoperative cisplatin-based CRT were enrolled. HMB/Arg/Gln was administered orally or per percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy from the first day of CRT up to its completion...
April 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606511/modifiable-individual-and-work-related-factors-associated-with-neck-pain-in-740-office-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Xiaoqi Chen, Shaun O'Leary, Venerina Johnston
BACKGROUND: Office workers have the highest incidence of neck pain of all occupations. However, the relationship between symptoms and the risk factors is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between self-reported neck pain with a comprehensive range of individual and work-related risk factors. METHODS: This study utilised a cross-sectional study design. Office workers with and without neck pain (n=763) were recruited. Participants completed a survey which included a Pain Numerical Rating Scale (dependent variable), and measures of independent variables including demographic, individual, work-related factors, neck/shoulder muscle strength, endurance, and range of motion (ROM)...
March 13, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605718/a-novel-mouse-model-of-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-shows-altered-cell-fate-and-matrix-homeostasis
#11
Hyowon Choi, Steven Tessier, Elizabeth S Silagi, Rutvin Kyada, Farzad Yousefi, Nancy Pleshko, Irving M Shapiro, Makarand V Risbud
Intervertebral disc degeneration and associated low back and neck pain is a ubiquitous health condition that affects millions of people world-wide, and causes high incidence of disability and enormous medical/societal costs. However, lack of appropriate small animal models with spontaneous disease onset has impeded our ability to understand the pathogenetic mechanisms that characterize and drive the degenerative process. We report, for the first time, early onset spontaneous disc degeneration in SM/J mice known for their poor regenerative capacities compared to "super-healer" LG/J mice...
March 29, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599656/degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-a-clinical-review
#12
REVIEW
Justin Gibson, Aria Nouri, Bryan Krueger, Nikita Lakomkin, Rani Nasser, David Gimbel, Joseph Cheng
Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy (DCM) is the most common form of spinal cord impairment in adults and results in disability and reduced quality of life. DCM can present with a wide set of clinical and imaging findings, including: 1) pain and reduced range of motion of the neck, and motor and sensory deficits on clinical exam, and 2) cord compression due to static and dynamic injury mechanisms resulting from degenerative changes of the bone, ligaments, and intervertebral discs on MRI. The incidence and prevalence of DCM has been estimated at a minimum of 4...
March 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573794/the-effect-of-static-neck-flexion-on-mechanical-and-neuromuscular-behaviors-of-the-cervical-spine
#13
Roghayeh Mousavi-Khatir, Saeed Talebian, Nima Toosizadeh, Gholam Reaza Olyaei, Nader Maroufi
Occupations that involve sustained or repetitive neck flexion are associated with a higher incidence of neck pain. Little in vivo information is available on the impact of static neck flexion on cervical spinal tissue. The aim of this study was to assess changes in mechanical and neuromuscular behaviors to sustained neck flexion in healthy adults. Sixty healthy subjects aged 20-35 years participated in this study. The participants were exposed to static neck flexion at a fixed angle of full flexion for 10 min...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560054/a-predictive-model-facilitates-early-recognition-of-spinal-epidural-abscess-in-adults
#14
Andrew W Artenstein, Jennifer Friderici, Paul Visintainer
Introduction: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA), a highly morbid and potentially lethal deep tissue infection of the central nervous system has more than tripled in incidence over the past decade. Early recognition at the point of initial clinical presentation may prevent irreversible neurologic injury or other serious, adverse outcomes. To facilitate early recognition of SEA, we developed a predictive scoring model. Methods: Using data from a 10-year, retrospective, case-control study of adults presenting for care at a tertiary-care, regional, academic medical center, we used the Integrated Discrimination Improvement Index (IDI) to identify candidate discriminators and created a multivariable logistic regression model, refined based on p-value significance...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547158/clinical-characterization-of-neck-pain-in-migraine
#15
Sunil Pradhan, Surjyaprakash S Choudhury
Introduction: Several extracranial symptoms, including somatic pain syndormes, are known to occur in migraine. Though neck pain has been occasionally described with migraine, its precise association and nature is not yet clear. Objective: To study the incidence and characteristics of neck pain in migraine with particular emphasis on its occurrence as a trigger or a part of the symptom complex of migraine, as well as its association with different phases of the migraine attack...
March 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531487/evaluating-ossifications-of-the-nuchal-ligament-with-cervical-computed-tomography
#16
Erkan Gokce, Murat Beyhan
Objective: The nuchal ligament (NL) extends from the external occipital protuberance and median nuchal line to the spinous process of the 7th cervical vertebrae. In this study, we evaluated the incidence, location level, and size of ossifications of the NL (ONL) in patients who underwent cervical computed tomography (CT) for various reasons. Materials and Methods: The present study included 481 patients (187 females and 294 males) who underwent cervical CT from February 2011 to November 2016 due to reasons such as trauma, cervical spondylosis, neck pain, and screening for metastasis...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524714/comparison-of-mobi-c-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-versus-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-cervical-degenerative-disc-disease
#17
Guang-Zhi Ning, Shun-Li Kan, Ru-Sen Zhu, Shi-Qing Feng
OBJECTIVE: Mobi-C cervical disc arthroplasty (MCDA) is an alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of MCDA and ACDF for symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease. METHODS: Databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials. Studies were included based on eligibility criteria. Risk of bias assessment and quality of evidence assessment were performed. RESULTS: Four studies with 785 patients were included...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517923/anatomic-predictors-of-sagittal-hip-and-pelvic-motions-in-patients-with-a-cam-deformity
#18
K C Geoffrey Ng, Mario Lamontagne, Jonathan R T Jeffers, George Grammatopoulos, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: As there is a high prevalence of patients with cam deformities and no ongoing hip dysfunction, understanding the biomechanical factors predicting the onset of symptoms and degenerative changes is critical. One such variable is how the spinopelvic parameters may influence hip and pelvic sagittal mobility. Hypothesis/Purpose: Pelvic incidence may predict sagittal hip and pelvic motions during walking and squatting. The purpose was to determine which anatomic characteristics were associated with symptoms and how they influenced functional hip and pelvic ranges of motion (ROMs) during walking and squatting...
May 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480858/internal-jugular-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#19
Abdulrahman M Nasiri, Nora Rayes, Khaled A Bakarman
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysm is a localized dilatation of an artery of at least 1.5 times the normal diameter that occurs when part of an artery wall weakens or is injured, allowing it to widen abnormally. In practice, an arterial aneurysm is more common in comparison to a venous aneurysm. Because of the rare incidence of venous aneurysms, treatment guidelines are not clearly established and thus treatment strategies vary. This is a case of a 57-year-old Saudi woman, with no significant medical history, who presented to Prince Sultan Military Hospital complaining of swelling in the right side of the neck that started 3 years ago...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480409/the-global-spine-care-initiative-a-summary-of-the-global-burden-of-low-back-and-neck-pain-studies
#20
REVIEW
Eric L Hurwitz, Kristi Randhawa, Hainan Yu, Pierre Côté, Scott Haldeman
PURPOSE: This article summarizes relevant findings related to low back and neck pain from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) reports for the purpose of informing the Global Spine Care Initiative. METHODS: We reviewed and summarized back and neck pain burden data from two studies that were published in Lancet in 2016, namely: "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015" and "Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015...
February 26, 2018: European Spine Journal
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