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Mechanical neck pain

Sebastian Povlsen, Bo Povlsen
The diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) has long been a controversial and challenging one. Despite common presentations with pain in the neck and upper extremity, there are a host of presenting patterns that can vary within and between the subdivisions of neurogenic, venous, and arterial TOS. Furthermore, there is a plethora of differential diagnoses, from peripheral compressive neuropathies, to intrinsic shoulder pathologies, to pathologies at the cervical spine. Depending on the subdivision of TOS suspected, diagnostic investigations are currently of varying importance, necessitating high dependence on good history taking and clinical examination...
March 20, 2018: Diagnostics
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley, Joseph W Betz
[Purpose] To present the case of the dramatic reduction in pain, disability, and neurologic symptoms following the reduction of forward head translation and increased cervical curvature in a patient suffering from post-surgical radiculopathy. [Subject and Methods] A 52-year-old male mechanic presented with chronic neck pain, unilateral paresthesia along the C5 and C6 dermatome distributions and diminished unilateral grip strength for 12 years following a C5-C6 cervical discectomy and fusion. Outcome measures included the neck disability index, the numerical pain rating scale, and the Zebris cervical range of motion system...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Sagar Singh, Sonia Kartha, Ben A Bulka, Nicholas S Stiansen, Beth A Winkelstein
BACKGROUND: Neck pain from cervical facet loading is common and induces inflammation and upregulation of nerve growth factor (NGF) that can sensitize the joint afferents. Yet, the mechanisms by which these occur and whether afferents can be pre-conditioned by certain nonpainful stimuli are unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that a nonpainful mechanical or chemical insult predisposes a facet joint to generate pain after a later exposure to typically nonpainful distraction. METHODS: Rats were exposed to either a nonpainful distraction or an intra-articular subthreshold dose of NGF followed by a nonpainful distraction two days later...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Mick Perez-Cruet, Naimisha Beeravolu, Christina McKee, Jared Brougham, Irfan Khan, Shreeya Bakshi, G Rasul Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a common spinal disorder that manifests with neck and lower back pain caused by the degeneration of intervertebral discs (IVDs). Currently, there is no treatment to cure this debilitating ailment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of nucleus pulposus (NP)-like cells (NPCs) derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to restore degenerated IVDs using a rabbit DDD model. METHODS: NPCs differentiated from MSCs were characterized using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemical analysis...
February 26, 2018: Neurosurgery
Joseph Cormier, Lisa Gwin, Lars Reinhart, Rawson Wood, Charles Bain
STUDY DESIGN: This study combined all prior research involving human volunteers in low-speed rear-end impacts and performed a comparative analysis of real-world crashes using the National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the rates of neck pain between volunteer and real-world collisions as well as the likelihood of an injury beyond symptoms as a function of impact severity and occupant characteristics in real-world collisions...
February 27, 2018: Spine
Marcelo Victor Pires de Sousa, Masayoshi Kawakubo, Cleber Ferraresi, Beatriz Kaippert, Elisabeth Mateus Yoshimura, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a simple, efficient and cost-effective treatment for both acute and chronic pain. We previously showed that PBM applied to the mouse head inhibited nociception in the foot. Nevertheless, the optimum parameters, location for irradiation, duration of the effect, and the mechanisms of action remain unclear. In the present study, the pain threshold in the right hind-paw of mice was studied, after PBM (810 nm CW laser, spot size 1 cm2 or 6 cm2 , 1.2-36 J/cm2 ) applied to various anatomical locations...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Savvas L Spanos, Ioannis D Siasios, Vassilios G Dimopoulos, Konstantinos N Paterakis, Dimos S Mastrogiannis, Theofanis P Giannis, Aggeliki A Fotiadou, John Pollina, Kostas N Fountas
Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage is considered as the gold standard for patients with cervical disc disease. However, there are limited in vivo data on the impact of ACDF on the cervical kinematics and its association with patient-reported clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of altered cervical sagittal alignment (cervical lordosis) and sagittal range of motion (ROM) on patients' self-reported pain and functional disability, after ACDF with a PEEK cage...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Scott F M Duncan, Anthony A Smith, Kevin J Renfree, Ross M Dunbar, Marianne V Merritt
BACKGROUND: Most hand surgeons use a dorsal approach for proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint implant arthroplasty. However, a volar approach offers the advantage of no disturbance to the extensor mechanism, thus allowing early initiation of active range of motion. We examined our results in patients who underwent PIP joint arthroplasty via a volar approach. METHODS: Using a retrospective chart review, we evaluated the outcomes of patients undergoing PIP joint arthroplasty through a volar approach between 2001 and 2005 by 3 fellowship-trained hand surgeons at our institution...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
David Griswold, Ken Learman, Morey J Kolber, Bryan O'Halloran, Joshua A Cleland
Study Design Randomized clinical trial. Background The comparative effectiveness between nonthrust manipulation (NTM) and thrust manipulation (TM) for mechanical neck pain has been investigated, with inconsistent results. Objective To compare the clinical effectiveness of concordant cervical and thoracic NTM and TM for patients with mechanical neck pain. Methods The Neck Disability Index (NDI) was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS), numeric pain-rating scale (NPRS), deep cervical flexion endurance (DCF), global rating of change (GROC), number of visits, and duration of care...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Pascal Madeleine, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Paula Rezende Camargo, Tania Fátima Salvini
Mechanical hyperalgesia defined as decreased pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) is commonly associated with pain. In this narrative review, we report the current state of the art within topographical pressure sensitivity maps. Such maps are based on multiple PPT assessments. The PPTs are assessed by an a priori defined grid with special focus on both spatial and temporal summation issues. The grid covers the muscle or the body region of interest using absolute or relative values determined from anatomical landmarks or anthropometric values...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
J Nikles, G Keijzers, G Mitchell, S Schug, R Ware, S A McLean, L Connelly, S Gibson, S F Farrell, M Sterling
BACKGROUND: Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) are an enormous and costly burden to Australian society. Up to 50% of people who experience a whiplash injury will never fully recover. Whiplash is resistant to treatment and no early management approach has yet been shown to prevent chronic pain. The early presence of central sensitization is associated with poor recovery. Pregabalin's effects on central sensitization indicate the potential to prevent or modulate these processes after whiplash injury and to improve health outcomes, but this has not been investigated...
January 17, 2018: Trials
Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mohammad A Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani, Muhammad Ashfaq, Qamar Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mobilization and routine physiotherapy on pain, disability, neck range of motion (ROM) and neck muscle endurance (NME) in patients having chronic mechanical neck pain (NP). METHODS: Sixty eight patients with chronic mechanical NP were randomly allocated into two groups by using a computer generated random sequence table with 34 patients in the multi-modal mobilization group and 34 patients in the routine physiotherapy group...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Xinjie Wu, Yingna Qi, Feng Yang, Mingsheng Tan, Jie Lin
BACKGROUND: Thymic carcinoid with spinal metastasis is an extremely rare entity. Clinically, the tumor presents either by its endocrine manifestations or by mechanical compression of surrounding structures. However, no previous studies reported a case with neck pain, and neurological deficit as initial presentation of an atypical thymic carcinoid. METHOD: A 56-year-old non-smoking man presented with 12-month history of intermittent neck pain and 1-month history of progressive numbness and weakness of the right upper limb...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Eduardo N Novais, Sandra J Shefelbine, Karl-Philipp Kienle, Patricia E Miller, Garrett Bowen, Young-Jo Kim, Sarah D Bixby
BACKGROUND: Increased mechanical load secondary to a large body mass index (BMI) may influence bone remodeling. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether BMI is associated with the morphology of the proximal part of the femur and the acetabulum in a cohort of adolescents without a history of hip disorders. METHODS: We evaluated pelvic computed tomographic (CT) images in 128 adolescents with abdominal pain without a history of hip pathology. There were 44 male patients (34%) and the mean patient age (and standard deviation) was 15 ± 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Sumit Kumar Jain, Parit Aggarwal, Arun Yadav
Introduction: Traumatic dislocation of the hip with ipsilateral fracture neck femur is a rare injury because of the different mechanism of both these injuries. The management of such injuries is a challenge as the chances of nonunion and avascular necrosis of femoral head are very high with fixation methods. We report a case of obturator dislocation of the hip with ipsilateral fracture neck of the femur which was treated with uncemented total hip replacement. Case Report: A 32-year-old male sustained obturator dislocation with ipsilateral fracture neck femur following road traffic accident...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Katerina Zorina-Lichtenwalter, Marc Parisien, Luda Diatchenko
Numerous studies have shown associations between genetic variants and neuropathic pain disorders. Rare monogenic disorders are caused by mutations of substantial effect size in a single gene, whereas common disorders are likely to have a contribution from multiple genetic variants of mild effect size, representing different biological pathways. In this review, we survey the reported genetic contributors to neuropathic pain and submit them for validation in a 150,000-participant sample of the U.K. Biobank cohort...
March 2018: Pain
Wen Sun, Kang Zheng, Bin Liu, Danping Fan, Hui Luo, Xiaoyuan Qu, Li Li, Xiaojuan He, Jianfeng Yi, Cheng Lu
Cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) is the most general form of spinal degenerative disease and is characterized by pain and numbness of the neck and arm. Gentongping (GTP) granule, as a classical Chinese patent medicine, has been widely used in curing CSR, whereas the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the pharmacological mechanisms of GTP on CSR. The rat model of CSR was induced by spinal cord injury (SCI). Our results showed that GTP could significantly alleviate spontaneous pain as well as ameliorate gait...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
Cheryl L Sparks, Wen C Liu, Joshua A Cleland, Joseph P Kelly, Sarah J Dyer, Kathryn M Szetela, James M Elliott
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether cerebral activation in response to noxious mechanical stimuli varies with thrust manipulation (TM) when compared with sham manipulation (SM) as measured by blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Twenty-four volunteers (67% female) with complaints of acute or subacute mechanical (nontraumatic) neck pain satisfied eligibility requirements and agreed to participate...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Antonio Barquet, Peter V Giannoudis, Andrés Gelink
INTRODUCTION: Hardware removal in healed trochanteric fractures (TF) in the absence of infection or significant mechanical complications is rarely indicated. However, in patients with persistent pain, prominent material and discomfort in the activities of daily living, the implant is eventually removed. Publications of ipsilateral femoral neck fracture after removal of implants from healed trochanteric fractures (FNFARIHTF) just because of pain or discomfort are rare. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to report on the eventual risk factors, the mechanisms, the clinical presentation, and frequency, and to pay special emphasis in their prevention...
December 2017: Injury
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