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Mechanical neck pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078473/traumatic-atlantoaxial-rotatory-fixation-in-an-adult-patient
#2
María A García-Pallero, Cristina V Torres, Juan Delgado-Fernández, R G Sola
INTRODUCTION: Atlantoaxial rotational fixation (AARF) is a rare entity in adults, with only a few cases reported in the English literature and often associated with a traumatic mechanism. It is an underdiagnosed condition that must be taken into account in the initial assessment of all craniocervical trauma. Both diagnostic and therapeutic delay may be a potential cause of severe neurological damage or even death of the patient. The therapeutic management is controversial given the difficulty of achieving optimum stability and permanent reduction...
January 11, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060875/correlations-of-neck-shoulder-perfusion-characteristics-and-pain-symptoms-of-the-female-office-workers-with-sedentary-lifestyle
#3
Jian-Guo Bau, Taipau Chia, Shan-Hua Wei, Yung-Hui Li, Fun-Chie Kuo
AIM: Modern office workers are often impacted by chronic neck/shoulder pain. Most of the previous studies which investigated the relationship of the occupational factors and musculoskeletal symptoms had adopted questionnaire survey. In this study the microcirculatory characteristics and perceived symptoms in neck/shoulder region were compared among office workers with sedentary lifestyle. METHODS: Thirty-seven female office workers were recruited in this study. Microcirculatory flow in neck/shoulder region characterized by the mean blood flow (MMBF value), pulsatile blood flow (PMBF value), and the PMBF/MMBF ratio (perfusion pulsatility, PP) were investigated using Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034987/do-subjects-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-respond-differently-in-the-short-term-to-manual-therapy-and-exercise-than-those-with-mechanical-neck-pain
#4
Matteo Castaldo, Antonella Catena, Alessandro Chiarotto, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE : To compare the short-term effects of manual therapy and exercise on pain, related disability, range of motion, and pressure pain thresholds between subjects with mechanical neck pain and whiplash-associated disorders. METHODS : Twenty-two subjects with mechanical neck pain and 28 with whiplash-associated disorders participated. Clinical and physical outcomes including neck pain intensity, neck-related disability, and pain area, as well as cervical range of motion and pressure pain thresholds over the upper trapezius and tibialis anterior muscles, were obtained at baseline and after the intervention by a blinded assessor...
December 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028627/effect-of-electroacupuncture-on-the-cervicospinal-p2x7-receptor-fractalkine-cx3cr1-signaling-pathway-in-a-rat-neck-incision-pain-model
#5
Y H Gao, C W Li, J Y Wang, L H Tan, C L Duanmu, X H Jing, X R Chang, J L Liu
Increasing evidence supports that acupuncture intervention is an effective approach for intraoperative and postoperative pain. Neuron-microglia crosstalk, mediated by the purinergic P2X7 receptor (R)/fractalkine/CX3CR1 cascade in the spinal cord dorsal horn, plays a pivotal role in pain processing. However, its involvement in the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) remains unclear. In this study, a rat neck-incision pain model was established by making a longitudinal incision along the midline of the neck and subsequent repeated mechanical stimulation...
December 27, 2016: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026778/proactive-selective-inhibition-targeted-at-the-neck-muscles-this-proximal-constraint-facilitates-learning-and-regulates-global-control
#6
Ian Loram, Brian Bate, Peter Harding, Ryan Cunningham, Alison Loram
While individual muscle function is known, the sensory and motor value of muscles within the whole-body sensorimotor network is complicated. Specifically, the relationship between neck muscle action and distal muscle synergies is unknown. This work demonstrates a causal relationship between regulation of the neck muscles and global motor control. Studying violinists performing unskilled and skilled manual tasks, we provided ultrasound feedback of the neck muscles with instruction to minimize neck muscle change during task performance and observed the indirect effect on whole-body movement...
December 21, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995341/cervical-spine-meniscoids-an-update-on-their-morphological-characteristics-and-potential-clinical-significance
#7
REVIEW
S F Farrell, P G Osmotherly, J Cornwall, M Sterling, D A Rivett
PURPOSE: Cervical spine meniscoids are intra-articular folds of synovial membrane that have been theorised to have potential clinical significance in neck pain. Recent anatomical and clinical research has re-visited the pathoanatomical capacity of these structures. The purpose of this review is to discuss cervical spine meniscoid morphology in light of recently published work, to provide an update on the plausible relevance of these structures to clinical practice. METHODS: Narrative review critically discussing basic science and clinical research regarding cervical spine meniscoids, with focus upon implications for clinical practice...
December 19, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989537/delayed-cardiac-tamponade-a-rare-but-life-threatening-complication-of-catheter-ablation
#8
Elizabeth Yetter, Jared Brazg, Diane Del Valle, Laura Mulvey, Eitan Dickman
Delayed cardiac tamponade (DCT) is a rare and life-threatening complication of catheter ablation performed as a treatment of atrial fibrillation, with few cases described in the medical literature. We present the case of a 57year-old man presenting with DCT 61days following a catheter ablation procedure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the most delayed case of cardiac tamponade (CT) following catheter ablation described in the literature. We also discuss the importance of point of care ultrasound (POCUS) in the diagnosis and treatment of CT...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956822/immediate-improvement-in-the-cranio-cervical-flexion-test-associated-with-mdt-based-interventions-a-case-report
#9
Hiroshi Takasaki, Scott Herbowy
The patient in this case study presented with constant idiopathic neck pain and left lower scapular pain (greater than 3 months) and was treated based on the principles of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT). Retraction exercises produced centralization of the lower scapular pain to the upper part of the scapula at the initial visit. At the first visit, the performance level on the Cranio-Cervical Flexion Test (CCFT) was ≤20 mmHg before the treatment. At the conclusion of the treatment during which centralization occurred, the CCFT level improved to 24 mmHg...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956819/measurement-of-outcomes-for-patients-with-centralising-versus-non-centralising-neck-pain
#10
Terrence Rose, Joshua Butler, Nicholaus Salinas, Ryan Stolfus, Tanisha Wheatley, Ron Schenk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether individuals with neck pain who demonstrate centralisation of symptoms have more favourable outcome than individuals who do not demonstrate centralisation. METHODS: Eleven subjects with neck pain were evaluated and treated by two physical therapists certified in Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT). Eleven physical therapy patients underwent a routine initial evaluation and were treated 2-3 times per week using MDT principles and other physical therapy interventions...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941995/characteristics-of-the-motor-units-during-sternocleidomastoid-isometric-flexion-among-patients-with-mechanical-neck-disorder-and-asymptomatic-individuals
#11
Chia-Chi Yang, Fong-Chin Su, Po-Ching Yang, Hwai-Ting Lin, Lan-Yuen Guo
Mechanical neck disorder is a widespread and non-neurological musculoskeletal condition resulting from modern lifestyles. Presently, the fundamental electrophysiological properties of the motor units of the sternocleidomastoid muscles and the characteristics of the short-term synchronization of the motor unit in patients with neck pain are ambiguous. This study therefore aims to clarify the fundamental electrophysiological properties of the motor units of the sternocleidomastoid muscles in patients with mechanical neck disorder and in asymptomatic individuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909511/internal-jugular-vein-complete-thrombosis-after-dual-chamber-pacemaker-implant
#12
Angelo Placci, Maria Mattioli, Maria Francesca Notarangelo, Gianluca Gonzi, Marco Zardini
Venous thrombosis after pacemaker implant is a known, although often underrecognized condition that can challenge system revision or upgrading, leading occasionally to thromboembolic complications. Several factors are considered to promote thrombus formation. Among them, alteration of blood flow mechanics due to the presence of catheters in the vessel lumen may itself play a pivotal role. Hereby we present the case of a 65-year old men who underwent a dual-chamber pacemaker implant in another institute for sick sinus syndrome by means of left cephalic venous access...
June 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900275/spinal-gout-a-review-with-case-illustration
#13
Hossein Elgafy, Xiaochen Liu, Joseph Herron
AIM: To summarize clinical presentations and treatment options of spinal gout in the literature from 2000 to 2014, and present theories for possible mechanism of spinal gout formation. METHODS: The authors reviewed 68 published cases of spinal gout, which were collected by searching "spinal gout" on PubMed from 2000 to 2014. The data were analyzed for clinical features, anatomical location of spinal gout, laboratory studies, imaging studies, and treatment choices...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886079/cerebellar-intermittent-theta-burst-stimulation-and-motor-control-training-in-individuals-with-cervical-dystonia
#14
Lynley V Bradnam, Michelle N McDonnell, Michael C Ridding
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that cervical dystonia is a neural network disorder with the cerebellum as a key node. The cerebellum may provide a target for neuromodulation as a therapeutic intervention in cervical dystonia. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess effects of intermittent theta-burst stimulation of the cerebellum on dystonia symptoms, quality of life, hand motor dexterity and cortical neurophysiology using transcranial magnetic stimulation...
November 23, 2016: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876330/pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-caused-by-colonoscopic-perforation-a-report-of-two-cases
#15
Pyong Wha Choi
BACKGROUND: Although colonoscopy is generally a safe procedure, lethal complications can occur. Colonoscopic perforation is one of the most serious complications, and it can present with various clinical symptoms and signs. Aggravating abdominal pain and free air on simple radiography are representative clinical manifestations of colonoscopic perforation. However, unusual symptoms and signs, such as dyspnea and subcutaneous emphysema, which are less likely to be related with complicating colonoscopy, may obscure correct clinical diagnosis...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852100/withdrawn-acupuncture-for-neck-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Kien Trinh, Nadine Graham, Dominik Irnich, Ian D Cameron, Mario Forget
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the three most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system. Treatments for neck pain are varied, as are perceptions of benefit. Acupuncture has been used as an alternative to more conventional treatment for musculoskeletal pain. This review summarises the most current scientific evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture for acute, subacute and chronic neck pain. This update replaces our 2006 Cochrane review update on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of acupuncture for adults with neck pain, with focus on pain relief, disability or functional measures, patient satisfaction and global perceived effect...
17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824547/atypical-femur-fractures-in-patients-treated-with-bisphosphonates-identification-management-and-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Judith Sarah Bubbear
Osteoporosis is a common condition with significant health care costs. First-line therapy is with bisphosphonates, which have proven anti-fracture efficacy. Around 10 years after the introduction of bisphosphonates reports began to be published of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) that may be associated with this therapy. These fractures are associated with significant morbidity although lower mortality than the more common osteoporotic neck-of-femur fractures. A case definition has been described to allow identification of this class of fracture...
October 31, 2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814848/respiratory-dysfunction-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-what-is-the-current-evidence
#18
Zacharias Dimitriadis, Eleni Kapreli, Nikolaos Strimpakos, Jacqueline Oldham
Respiratory function of patients with neck pain has not been given much consideration in usual clinical practice. The problem has however been highlighted occasionally by renown clinical scientists and recently there is a growing interest in the investigation of respiratory function in this clinical population. The aim of this review is to critically present the emerging evidence and discuss the similarities and differences observed. Although the evidence for some respiratory parameters is conflicting, it seems to be generally agreed that others such as maximal voluntary ventilation, strength of respiratory muscles, chest mechanics and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide are affected in patients with chronic neck pain...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800621/aberrant-reflex-mechanisms-contributing-to-reno-vascular-hypertension-a-pain-in-the-neck
#19
Noah J Marcus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796189/cervical-traction-for-managing-neck-pain-a-survey-of-physical-therapists-in-the-united-states
#20
Timothy J Madson, John H Hollman
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Background Systematic reviews provide little support for traction in managing neck pain. While traction usage among physical therapists (PTs) in other countries has been described, usage in the United States has not been examined. Objective To examine how PTs use traction for patients with neck pain, when traction is used, delivery modes and parameters, supplemental interven¬tions, and whether professional demographics influence usage. Methods We surveyed a random sample of 4000 Orthopaedic Section members of the American Physical Therapy Association...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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