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the american journal of clinical nutrition

J A Greenberg, J E Manson, L Tinker, M L Neuhouser, L Garcia, M Z Vitolins, L S Phillips
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent long-term prospective cohort studies found inverse associations between chocolate consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes, but provided conflicting evidence on the nature of the association among women. To assess this association in a large cohort of American women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Multivariable Cox regression was used with the data from 92 678 postmenopausal women in the prospective Women's Health Initiative study. Chocolate intake was assessed by food frequency questionnaire...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
C González-Álvarez, N Ramos-Ibáñez, J Azprioz-Leehan, L Ortiz-Hernández
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Few studies in Latin American paediatric populations have differentiated fat deposits in specific areas, such as intra-abdominal fat (IAF) and subcutaneous abdominal fat (SAF). Research in diverse populations is needed, as patterns of fat accumulation vary by ethnicity. The aim of this study was to determine whether IAF and/or SAF are related to cardiometabolic risk factors, independent of total body fat (TBF), in a group of Mexican schoolchildren. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mexico City with 94 children aged between 5 and 11 years...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Santiago-Torres, J De Dieu Tapsoba, M Kratz, J W Lampe, K L Breymeyer, L Levy, X Song, A Villaseñor, C-Y Wang, L Fejerman, M L Neuhouser, C S Carlson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Certain populations with a large proportion of indigenous American (IA) genetic ancestry may be evolutionarily adapted to traditional diets high in legumes and complex carbohydrates, and may have a detrimental metabolic response to US diets high in refined carbohydrates and added sugars. We tested whether IA ancestry modified the metabolic response to a US versus traditional Mexican diet in a controlled dietary intervention. SUBJECTS/METHODS: First and second generation Mexican immigrant women (n=53) completed a randomized crossover feeding trial testing the effects of a US versus traditional Mexican diet...
March 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Delores C James, Cedric Harville, Cynthia Sears, Orisatalabi Efunbumi, Irina Bondoc
BACKGROUND: African Americans (AA) experience high levels of health disparities for several diseases, yet remain underrepresented in clinical trials and other types of research. The high ownership of smartphones among AA puts them in a unique position to be recruited into e-Health/m-Health interventions. OBJECTIVE: This article is a systematic review of the participation of AA in e-Health/m-Health interventions, the diseases/health conditions targeted, and the recruitment and retention strategies used...
May 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Gary M Onady, Adrienne Stolfi
BACKGROUND: The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation recommends both short-term and long-acting insulin therapy when cystic fibrosis-related diabetes has been diagnosed. Diagnosis is based on: an elevated fasting blood glucose level greater than 6.94 mmol/liter (125 mg/deciliter); or oral glucose tolerance tests greater than 11.11 mmol/liter (200 mg/deciliter) at two hours; or symptomatic diabetes for random glucose levels greater than 11.11 mmol/liter (200 mg/deciliter); or glycated hemoglobin levels of at least 6...
April 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hui Luo, Xing Liao, Qian Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome scores in effectiveness evaluation of clinical studies. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCM published in five journals in 2013 were retrieved, including Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine (JTCM), Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine (CJITWM), Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine (CJIM), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (ECAM), and American Journal of Chinese Medicine (AJCM)...
October 2015: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Gerardo Martínez Martínez, Ana Lucia Noreña, José Miguel Martínez Sanz, Rocío Ortiz Moncada
INTRODUCTION: currently, case reports are an important teaching tool with practical applications and contribute to the expansion of knowledge of health professionals. OBJECTIVE: to review the methodology of developing case reports, showing similarities and differences in format and content criteria that are requested for case reports to be published. METHODOLOGY: literature review in PubMed and Scielo between 2005-2015 and manual tracing of the most relevant references of selected articles...
November 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M Nuotio, P Tuominen, T Luukkaala
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We examined the association of nutritional status as measured by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) with changes in mobility, institutionalization and death after hip fracture. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Population-based prospective data were collected on 472 out of 693 consecutive hip fracture patients aged 65 years and over between January 2010 and December 2012. Declined vs same or improved mobility level, institutionalization and death during the 4-month follow-up were the outcomes...
March 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
P Katre, S Joshi, D S Bhat, M Deshmukh, N Gurav, S Pandit, H Lubree, S Marczewski, C Bennett, L Gruca, K Kalyanaraman, S S Naik, C S Yajnik, S C Kalhan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Multi-nutrient insufficiencies as a consequence of nutritional and economic factors are common in India and other developing countries. We have examined the impact of multi-nutrient insufficiency on markers of one carbon (1C) metabolism in the blood, and response to a methionine load in clinically healthy young women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Young women from Pune, India (n=10) and Cleveland, USA (n=13) were studied. Blood samples were obtained in the basal state and following an oral methionine load (50 mg/kg of body weight in orange juice)...
June 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
L Zheng, J Wu, G Wang, G Persuitte, Y Ma, L Zou, L Zhang, M Zhao, J Wang, Qin Lan, Z Liu, H Fan, J Li
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exercise is considered a protective factor in the prevention of type 2 diabetes, although its role as a sole treatment for pre-diabetes remains unknown. The present meta-analysis compared the effect of exercise-only with exercise-diet interventions on plasma glucose levels among a pre-diabetic population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases. The Cochrane Collaboration tool was used to assess the quality of each trial...
April 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Lucia L Kaiser, Christina G Campbell
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that women of childbearing age should adopt a lifestyle optimizing health and reducing risk of birth defects, suboptimal fetal development, and chronic health problems in both mother and child.Components leading to healthy pregnancy outcome include healthy pre-pregnancy weight, appropriate weight gain and physical activity during pregnancy, consumption of a wide variety of foods, appropriate vitamin and mineral supplementation, avoidance of alcohol and other harmful substances, and safe food handling...
September 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Richard T Lee, Peiying Yang, Heather Greenlee, Susan Bauer-Wu, Lynda G Balneaves, Suzanna Zick
The 11th International Conference of the Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO) brought together more than 300 clinicians, researchers, patients, and advocates to hear and interact with world-leading experts about the latest research in the areas of nutrition, exercise, acupuncture, health services research, meditation, and other integrative disciplines. The conference theme, "Personalized Integrative Oncology: Targeted Approaches for Optimal Outcomes," highlighted innovations in personalized medicine and ways this growing field will advance the evolution of individualized integrative cancer care to the next level...
January 2015: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Alvaro Moisés Franco-Pérez, Javier Sanz-Valero, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Liliana Melian-Fleitas
OBJECTIVE: Analyze by bibliometric technique, the Iberoamerican scientific literature related to the nutritional sciences and retrieved on main search engines with free access through Internet (PubMed and Google Scholar). METHOD: Bibliometric analysis of scientific production recovered in the different selected search tools. The data were obtained by applying to each of them, a composed search equation according to the scheme: Population (neoplasms), Intervention (nutritional status), Outcome (quality of life)...
November 1, 2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Michael J Pencina, Ann Marie Navar-Boggan, Ralph B D'Agostino, Ken Williams, Benjamin Neely, Allan D Sniderman, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: The 2013 guidelines of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC-AHA) for the treatment of cholesterol expand the indications for statin therapy for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys of 2005 to 2010, we estimated the number, and summarized the risk-factor profile, of persons for whom statin therapy would be recommended (i.e., eligible persons) under the new ACC-AHA guidelines, as compared with the guidelines of the Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) of the National Cholesterol Education Program, and extrapolated the results to a population of 115...
April 10, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Narges Jani, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Payam Kabiri, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study was performed to evaluate the impact factors (IFs) and total citations of ISI-indexed nutrition journals in a 10-year period from 1999 to 2008 in order to assess the quality of nutrition journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective study, the IF and total citation data from 1998 to 2008 were collected through Journal Citation Reports of Thomson Scientific Corporation Web of Knowledge. We selected five highly cited journals in the "nutrition and dietetics" category for our analysis...
February 2012: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Gamze Akbulut, Nevin Sanlıer, Salih Inal, Nilüfer Acar Tek, Kürşad Oneç, Yasemin Erten
INTRODUCTION: This study was planned to investigate the relation between dietary macronutrient status and anthropometric measurements in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 clinically stable patients were enrolled in this study. All patients were taken a dietary therapy according to the guidelines of the American Journal of Kidney Foundation for 12 weeks. The anthropometric measurements were taken by bioelectrical impedance analyzer...
2013: Renal Failure
Leslie De Groot, Marcos Abalovich, Erik K Alexander, Nobuyuki Amino, Linda Barbour, Rhoda H Cobin, Creswell J Eastman, John H Lazarus, Dominique Luton, Susan J Mandel, Jorge Mestman, Joanne Rovet, Scott Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to update the guidelines for the management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy and postpartum published previously in 2007. A summary of changes between the 2007 and 2012 version is identified in the Supplemental Data (published on The Endocrine Society's Journals Online web site at EVIDENCE: This evidence-based guideline was developed according to the U.S. Preventive Service Task Force, grading items level A, B, C, D, or I, on the basis of the strength of evidence and magnitude of net benefit (benefits minus harms) as well as the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system to describe both the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
August 2012: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Jane Taggart, Anna Williams, Sarah Dennis, Anthony Newall, Tim Shortus, Nicholas Zwar, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions used in primary care to improve health literacy for change in smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity and weight (SNAPW). METHODS: A systematic review of intervention studies that included outcomes for health literacy and SNAPW behavioral risk behaviors implemented in primary care settings.We searched the Cochrane Library, Johanna Briggs Institute, Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Psychinfo, Web of Science, Scopus, APAIS, Australasian Medical Index, Google Scholar, Community of Science and four targeted journals (Patient Education and Counseling, Health Education and Behaviour, American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Preventive Medicine)...
2012: BMC Family Practice
R Ortiz-Moncada, L González-Zapata, M T Ruiz-Cantero, V Clemente-Gómez
INTRODUCTION: The increased number of articles published in nutrition is a reflection of the relevance to scientific community. The characteristics and quality of nutritional studies determine whether readers can obtain valid conclusions from them, as well as their usefulness for evidence-based strategic policies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of papers published in nutrition journals. METHOD: Descriptive study design. We reviewed 330 original papers published between January-June 2007...
July 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Jonathan S Schildcrout, Sunni L Mumford, Zhen Chen, Patrick J Heagerty, Paul J Rathouz
Outcome-dependent sampling (ODS) study designs are commonly implemented with rare diseases or when prospective studies are infeasible. In longitudinal data settings, when a repeatedly measured binary response is rare, an ODS design can be highly efficient for maximizing statistical information subject to resource limitations that prohibit covariate ascertainment of all observations. This manuscript details an ODS design where individual observations are sampled with probabilities determined by an inexpensive, time-varying auxiliary variable that is related but is not equal to the response...
September 28, 2012: Statistics in Medicine
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