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female athlete triad

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439058/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-stress-fracture-in-female-athletes
#1
Kazuyoshi Yagishita
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes. The pathology of stress fracture mainly includes repeated biomechanical loading, which leads to bone micro-damage and failure of bone structure. Female athlete triad(FAT), which includes low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is a serious healthcare concern in female athletes. For prevention and treatment of stress fracture, management of biomechanical factors modifying the load applied to a bone is important, and especially in female athletes, management for FAT is one of the important factors...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290159/the-unexplored-crossroads-of-the-female-athlete-triad-and-iron-deficiency-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Dylan L Petkus, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Mary Jane De Souza
Despite the severity and prevalence of iron deficiency in exercising women, few published reports have explored how iron deficiency interacts with another prevalent and severe condition in exercising women: the 'female athlete triad.' This review aims to describe how iron deficiency may interact with each component of the female athlete triad, that is, energy status, reproductive function, and bone health. The effects of iron deficiency on energy status are discussed in regards to thyroid function, metabolic fuel availability, eating behaviors, and energy expenditure...
March 13, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287681/the-preparticipation-physical-evaluation
#4
Patrick J Lehman, Rebecca L Carl
With rising rates of sports participation among children and adolescents, pediatricians are increasingly being called upon to perform preparticipation physical evaluations (PPEs) for young athletes. The purpose of this review article is to discuss the general structure of a comprehensive PPE and how the PPE differs from a typical health maintenance visit. The PPE focuses attention on screening for cardiac conditions that predispose athletes to sudden cardiac death with exercise. This review also addresses the debate over whether electrocardiogram screening should be a routine required part of the PPE...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213754/low-energy-availability-menstrual-dysfunction-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-individuals-with-a-disability-implications-for-the-para-athlete-population
#5
REVIEW
Cheri A Blauwet, Emily M Brook, Adam S Tenforde, Elizabeth Broad, Caroline H Hu, Eliza Abdu-Glass, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Low energy availability, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and low bone mineral density are three interrelated conditions described in athletic women. Although described as the female athlete triad (Triad), males experience similar health concerns. The literature suggests that individuals with a disability may experience altered physiology related to these three conditions when compared with the able-bodied population. The goal of this review is to describe the unique implications of low energy availability, low bone mineral density, and, in females, menstrual dysfunction in individuals with a disability and their potential impact on the para athlete population...
February 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213614/reproductive-dysfunction-and-associated-pathology-in-women-undergoing-military-training
#6
REVIEW
Robert M Gifford, R M Reynolds, J Greeves, R A Anderson, D R Woods
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from civilian athletes raises the question of whether reproductive dysfunction may be seen in female soldiers as a result of military training. Such reproductive dysfunction consists of impaired ovulation with or without long-term subfertility. METHODS: A critical review of pertinent evidence following an extensive literature search. RESULTS: The evidence points towards reduced energy availability as the most likely explanation for exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038316/association-of-the-female-athlete-triad-risk-assessment-stratification-to-the-development-of-bone-stress-injuries-in-collegiate-athletes
#7
Adam S Tenforde, Jennifer L Carlson, Audrey Chang, Kristin L Sainani, Rebecca Shultz, Jae Hyung Kim, Phil Cutti, Neville H Golden, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: The female athlete triad (referred to as the triad) contributes to adverse health outcomes, including bone stress injuries (BSIs), in female athletes. Guidelines were published in 2014 for clinical management of athletes affected by the triad. PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) classify athletes from a collegiate population of 16 sports into low-, moderate-, and high-risk categories using the Female Athlete Triad Cumulative Risk Assessment score and (2) evaluate the predictive value of the risk categories for subsequent BSIs...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017946/-the-study-for-effect-of-running-on-bone
#8
Naomi Omi
Running-exercise is a weight-bearing-exercise. Power of an effect for running-exercise might be different by exercise intensity, running speed, and duration time. In general, running-exercise could be effective on bone. However, in case of Female Athlete Triad, under the condition of low energy availability running-exercise should not be effective positively for bone. Influence of appropriate mechanical stress, stimulate calcium absorption, and so on through running-exercise could be effective positively for bone...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900290/female-athletes-and-menstrual-disorders-a-pilot-study
#9
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Silvia Lorini, Giada Beni, Metella Dei, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: There is a greater incidence of menstrual disorders in female athletes than in their sedentary counterparts. The menstrual disorder is reported in female athletes suffering from athletic triad syndrome, while few data in those free of this syndrome are available. The study aims to ascertain the presence of menstrual disorders and the eventual relationship with myocardial performance in female athletes practicing different sports. METHODS: A sample of 64 subjects aged 18...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821574/bone-health-in-athletes
#10
Marci A Goolsby, Nicole Boniquit
CONTEXT: The health of the skeletal system is important for athletes young and old. From the early benefits of exercise on bones to the importance of osteoporosis prevention and treatment, bone health affects the ability to be active throughout life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed articles dating from 1986 to 2016 were used for the review. Relevant terms such as keywords and section titles of the article were searched and articles identified were reviewed for relevance to this article...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721026/knowledge-attitude-and-skill-of-high-school-coaches-with-regard-to-the-female-athlete-triad
#11
Kathleen J Pantano
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge high school coaches have about the female athlete triad and to determine if gender differences in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors exist. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty-six high schools in and around the vicinity of Cleveland, Ohio. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred currently employed high school coaches. INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed a 30-question survey used to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors coaches had about the female athlete triad...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535946/reporting-crimes-to-the-police-depends-on-relationship-networks-effects-of-ties-among-victims-advisors-and-offenders
#12
Lauren K Knoth, R Barry Ruback
A victim's decision to report a crime to the police is typically made after talking with someone else, usually a friend or relative, but sometimes a stranger. The advice this person gives depends primarily on the seriousness of the crime, and to some extent on the gender and age of the victim. The present research, which used experimental vignettes, examined the role of social networks in reporting: How do the relationships among a victim, the advisor, and the offender affect the advice to report or not to report a violent or nonviolent crime? Results from Study 1 indicated that relationships matter: Crimes are least likely to be reported if the offender is part of the same triad as the victim and the advisor, and crimes are most likely to be reported if the victim, the advisor, and the offender are all strangers...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432852/the-female-athlete-triad
#13
Amanda K Weiss Kelly, Suzanne Hecht
The number of girls participating in sports has increased significantly since the introduction of Title XI in 1972. As a result, more girls have been able to experience the social, educational, and health-related benefits of sports participation. However, there are risks associated with sports participation, including the female athlete triad. The triad was originally recognized as the interrelationship of amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating, but our understanding has evolved to recognize that each of the components of the triad exists on a spectrum from optimal health to disease...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430502/low-energy-availability-in-exercising-women-historical-perspectives-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
Joanne Slater, Rachel Brown, Rebecca McLay-Cooke, Katherine Black
Research on the health of female athletes has developed substantially over the past 50 years. This review aims to provide an overview of this research and identify directions for future work. While early cross-sectional studies focused primarily on menstruation, research has progressed to now encompass hormonal changes, bone health and lipid profiles. The seminal work of Loucks and colleagues distinguished that these health concerns were due to low energy availability (LEA) rather than exercise alone. LEA occurs when the body has insufficient energy available to meet the needs of training and normal physiological functioning...
February 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403753/triathlete-risk-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-female-athlete-triad
#15
Johnny Yi, Sandi Tenfelde, Dina Tell, Cynthia Brincat, Colleen Fitzgerald
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to describe the prevalence of pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), pelvic girdle pain (PGP), and the female athlete triad (disordered eating, menstrual irregularities, and osteoporosis) in a female triathlete population. We also evaluated for an association between these conditions. METHODS: We administered an online survey to women who self-identified as female triathletes. Using validated questionnaires, Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence Questionnaire and Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire, along with the female athlete triad questionnaire, we identified the prevalence of PFDs, PGP, and female athlete triad in this specific population...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360339/the-association-of-race-and-the-female-athlete-triad-1420-board-73-june-2-9-00-am-10-30-am
#16
Carolyn Cardona, Nanna Meyer, Margaret Harris, Nancy Di'Marco, Anthony Duplanty, Shawn Hueglin, Emilia Ochoa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167713/increasing-training-load-without-risking-the-female-athlete-triad-menstrual-cycle-based-periodized-training-may-be-an-answer
#17
Lisbeth Wikström-Frisén, Carl J Boraxbekk, Karin Henriksson-Larsén
BACKGROUND: An improved muscle strength are of great importance in many sports, hence an increased understanding on how to generate optimal strength training programs in women without negative side effects that may lead to the female athlete triad are essential. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential negative effects of high frequency periodized menstrual/OC cycle based leg resistance training on components in the female athlete triad. METHODS: Fifty-nine women, with experience of resistance training and with regular menstrual/OC cycles were included in the analyses...
May 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132423/evaluation-of-female-athlete-triad-and-gynecological-complaints-in-young-turkish-female-athletes
#18
P Solmaz Hasdemir, O Oral, E Calik, M Ulusoy, R Varol, H Tayfun Ozcakir
PURPOSE: Female athlete triad (FAT) is a serious healthcare concern in the young female population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of FAT and its relationship with gynecologic complaints of young Turkish female athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey and included 87 female athletes involved in a variety of sports as a case group and 85 sedentary female university students from Ege and Celal Bayar Universities...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27031318/amenorrhea-in-the-female-athlete-what-to-do-and-when-to-worry
#19
Kate Berz, Teri McCambridge
Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnosis of exclusion that is common in female athletes, particularly those participating in aesthetic sports (ballet, other dance genres, figure skating, and gymnastics) and endurance sports (cross-country running). Although common, it should be considered abnormal even in the high-level elite athlete. Amenorrhea in combination with low energy availability and low bone density is labeled "the Female Athlete Triad." Studies have demonstrated numerous long-term consequences of athletes suffering from all or a portion of this triad, including increased rate of musculoskeletal injuries, stress fractures, abnormal lipid profiles, endothelial dysfunction, potential irreversible bone loss, depression, anxiety, low self- esteem, and increased mortality...
March 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017180/female-athlete-triad-or-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sports-red-s-is-there-a-difference
#20
Wendy Marcason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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