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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904182/comparative-study-of-efficacy-of-epidermal-melanocyte-transfer-versus-hair-follicular-melanocyte-transfer-in-stable-vitiligo
#1
Navya Donaparthi, Ajay Chopra
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo surgery has come up a long way from punch skin grafts to epidermal cell suspension and latest to the extracted hair follicle outer root sheath cell suspension (EHFORSCS) transplantation. The progressive development from one technique to the other is always on a quest for the best. In the latest development, EHFORSCS, which is an enriched source of follicular inactive melanocyte (melanocyte stem cells), seems to be a good addition to the prevailing cell-based therapies for vitiligo...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882588/clinical-and-epidemiological-analysis-in-149-cases-of-rhododendrol-induced-leukoderma
#2
Momoko Yoshikawa, Yasuyuki Sumikawa, Tokimasa Hida, Takafumi Kamiya, Kimi Kase, Yasue Ishii-Osai, Junji Kato, Yuji Kan, Shiori Kamiya, Yuki Sato, Toshiharu Yamashita
Rhododendrol-induced leukoderma is an acquired depigmentation that develops mainly at the contact site after repeated use of skin-whitening cosmetics containing rhododendrol. In most cases, cessation of further depigmentation or occurrence of repigmentation is observed after discontinuing the use of cosmetics. However, some patients develop vitiligo vulgaris through the spread of depigmentation into the non-exposed areas. Our study aims to investigate the patient-specific factors that may affect the extent of depigmentation or repigmentation, as well as development of vitiligo vulgaris...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880068/human-hair-follicle-associated-pluripotent-hhap-stem-cells-differentiate-to-cardiac-muscle-cells
#3
Natsuko Tohgi, Koya Obara, Masateru Yashiro, Yuko Hamada, Nobuko Arakawa, Sumiyuki Mii, Ryoichi Aki, Robert M Hoffman, Yasuyuki Amoh
We have previously demonstrated that the nestin-expressing hair follicle-associated-pluripotent (HAP) stem cells are located in the bulge area. HAP stem cells have been previously shown to differentiate to neurons, glial cells, keratinocytes, smooth-muscle cells, melanocytes and cardiac-muscle cells in vitro. Subsequently, we demonstrated that HAP stem cells could effect nerve and spinal cord regeneration in mouse models, differentiating to Schwann cells and neurons. In previous studies, we established an efficient protocol for the differentiation of cardiac-muscle cells from mouse HAP stem cells...
November 23, 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828841/the-histocompatibility-research-of-hair-follicle-stem-cells-with-bladder-acellular-matrix
#4
Jia Li, Wenguang Wang, Jiuzhi Li, Mulati Rexiati, Henqing An, Feng Wang, Yujie Wang
BACKGROUND: Hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) were reported to have multidirectional differentiation ability and could be differentiated into melanocytes, keratin cells, smooth muscle cells, and neurons. However, the functionality of HFSCs in bladder tissue regeneration is unknown. METHODS: This study was conducted to build HFSCs vs bladder acellular matrix (BAM) complexes (HFSCs-BAM complexes) in vitro and evaluated whether HFSCs have well biocompatibility with BAM...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807664/intercellular-crosstalk-in-human-malignant-melanoma
#5
REVIEW
Barbora Dvořánková, Pavol Szabo, Ondřej Kodet, Hynek Strnad, Michal Kolář, Lukáš Lacina, Eliška Krejčí, Ondřej Naňka, Aleksi Šedo, Karel Smetana
Incidence of malignant melanoma is increasing globally. While the initial stages of tumors can be easily treated by a simple surgery, the therapy of advanced stages is rather limited. Melanoma cells spread rapidly through the body of a patient to form multiple metastases. Consequently, the survival rate is poor. Therefore, emphasis in melanoma research is given on early diagnosis and development of novel and more potent therapeutic options. The malignant melanoma is arising from melanocytes, cells protecting mitotically active keratinocytes against damage caused by UV light irradiation...
November 3, 2016: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797132/a-light-colored-region-of-caudal-fin-a-niche-of-melanocyte-progenitors-in-crucian-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l
#6
Yaping Huang, Yurong Luo, Jinhui Liu, Saiyu Gui, Mei Wang, Wenbin Liu, Liangyue Peng, Yamei Xiao
Melanocyte stem cells are a population of immature cells which sustain the self-renewal and replenish the differentiated melanocytes. In this research, a light-colored region (LCR) is observed at the heel of caudal fin in juvenile crucian carp. By cutting off the caudal fin, the operated caudal fin can regenerate in accordance with the original pigment pattern from the retained LCR. As markers of stem cells, Oct4 and Sox2 have been found to be highly expressed in the LCR as well as Mitfa, a label of the melanoblasts...
October 31, 2016: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764776/igf-1-contributes-to-the-expansion-of-melanoma-initiating-cells-through-an-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-process
#7
Vincent Le Coz, Chaobin Zhu, Aurore Devocelle, Aimé Vazquez, Claude Boucheix, Sandy Azzi, Cindy Gallerne, Pierre Eid, Séverine Lecourt, Julien Giron-Michel
Melanoma is a particularly virulent human cancer, due to its resistance to conventional treatments and high frequency of metastasis. Melanomas contain a fraction of cells, the melanoma-initiating cells (MICs), responsible for tumor propagation and relapse. Identification of the molecular pathways supporting MICs is, therefore, vital for the development of targeted treatments. One factor produced by melanoma cells and their microenvironment, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF- 1), is linked to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stemness features in several cancers...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760642/-attention-to-the-impression-cytology-in-the-evaluation-of-ocular-surface-tumors
#8
B Li, Q F Liang
Impression cytology (IC) has been widely used as a method for evaluating the ocular surface and superficial cells layers in the diagnosis and follow-up after treatment of several ocular surface tumors of both epithelial and melanocytic origin. Compared with exfoliative cytology with spatula, IC is less traumatic to the patient's eye. It provides a precise location of the area being studied and allows accurate observation of the cells the way they exist in vivo. The additional advantage of IC is the preservation of limbal stem cells responsible for continuous corneal epithelium renewal...
October 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715423/regeneration-of-murine-hair-follicles-is-inhibited-by-low-dose-rate-gamma-irradiation
#9
Kimihiko Sugaya, Tomohisa Hirobe, Yoshie Ishihara, Sonoe Inoue
To determine whether the effects of low-dose-rate gamma (γ) irradiation are identifiable in the regeneration of murine hair follicles, we irradiated whole bodies of C57BL/10JHir mice in the first telogen phase of the hair cycle with (137)Cs γ-rays. The mice were examined for effects on hair follicles, including number, morphology, and pigmentation in the second anagen phase. Effects of γ-radiation on melanocyte stem cells were also investigated by the indirect immunolabeling of tyrosinase-related protein 2 (TRP2)...
October 2016: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689402/integration-of-zebrafish-fin-regeneration-genes-with-expression-data-of-human-tumors-in-silico-uncovers-potential-novel-melanoma-markers
#10
Martin Hagedorn, Géraldine Siegfried, Katarzyna B Hooks, Abdel-Majid Khatib
Tissue regeneration requires expression of a large, unknown number of genes to initiate and maintain cellular processes such as proliferation, extracellular matrix synthesis, differentiation and migration. A unique model to simulate this process in a controlled manner is the re-growth of the caudal fin of zebrafish after amputation. Within this tissue stem cells differentiate into fibroblasts, epithelial and endothelial cells as well as melanocytes. Many genes implicated in the regeneration process are deregulated in cancer...
September 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663144/expression-of-sox10-abcb5-and-cd271-in-melanocytic-lesions-and-correlation-with-survival-data-of-patients-with-melanoma
#11
T Gambichler, A-L Petig, E Stockfleth, M Stücker
BACKGROUND: In malignant melanoma (MM), the proteins SOX10, ABCB5 and CD271 are strongly expressed, and are associated with tumour-initiating potential and stem cell-like properties. AIM: To compare SOX10, ABCB5 and CD271 expression profiles in melanocytic naevi and MM at different stages, and to correlate these with survival data. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed for SOX10, ABCB5 and CD271 expression in common naevi (n = 14), dysplastic naevi (n = 11), primary MM (n = 39), lymph node metastases (n = 14) and distant metastases (n = 14)...
October 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627796/hypoxia-enhances-differentiation-of-hair-follicle-associated-pluripotent-hap-stem-cells-to-cardiac-muscle-cells
#12
Kyoumi Shirai, Yuko Hamada, Nobuko Arakawa, Aiko Yamazaki, Natsuko Tohgi, Ryoichi Aki, Sumiyuki Mii, Robert M Hoffman, Yasuyuki Amoh
We have previously demonstrated that the neural stem-cell marker nestin is expressed in hair follicle stem cells located in the bulge area which are termed hair-follicle-associated pluripotent (HAP) stem cells. HAP stem cells from mouse and human could form spheres in culture, termed hair spheres, which are keratin 15-negative and CD34-positive and could differentiate to neurons, glia, keratinocytes, smooth muscle cells, and melanocytes in vitro. Subsequently, we demonstrated that nestin-expressing stem cells could effect nerve and spinal cord regeneration in mouse models...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601864/restoration-of-pigmentation-by-follicular-unit-extraction-transplant-in-three-cases-of-focal-vitiligo-recalcitrant-to-therapy-including-with-previous-nonculture-melanocyte-keratinocyte-transplant
#13
Shruti Mohankumar Menon, Yugal K Sharma, Prakhar Bansal, Shruti S Ghadgepatil
Vitiligo is an acquired, idiopathic depigmentary disease resisting satisfactory repigmentation despite multimodal therapy. Based on the concept of activation of the existing undifferentiated stem cells in the outer root sheet of the hair follicles, follicular unit extraction (FUE) transplant is an interesting advancement in the field of minimally invasive surgery for vitiligo. We herein present three cases of vitiligo whose residual recalcitrant foci as well as poliosis - refractory to therapy including with previous nonculture melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant - repigmented satisfactorily after FUE transplant...
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566591/lunasin-is-a-novel-therapeutic-agent-for-targeting-melanoma-cancer-stem-cells
#14
Chris Shidal, Numan Al-Rayyan, Kavitha Yaddanapudi, Keith R Davis
Recent studies provide compelling evidence that melanoma is initiated and maintained by a small population of malignant cells called cancer-initiating cells (CICs) that exhibit stem-cell-like properties. Observations that CICs have a distinct biology when compared to that of the bulk tumor cells and, importantly, are resistant to chemotherapies and radiation, suggest that CICs are involved in invasion, metastasis, and ultimately relapse. Lunasin, a bioactive peptide present in soybean, has both chemopreventive activity and chemotherapeutic activity against multiple cancer types...
August 23, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565163/expression-of-natural-killer-cell-regulatory-microrna-by-uveal-melanoma-cancer-stem-cells
#15
Powrnima Joshi, Mitra Kooshki, Wayne Aldrich, Daniel Varghai, Maciej Zborowski, Arun D Singh, Pierre L Triozzi
Natural killer (NK) cells are implicated in the control of metastasis in uveal melanoma, a process that has been ascribed to its cancer stem cell subpopulation. NK cell activation is regulated by specific microRNA (miR). The NK cell sensitivity and regulatory miR production of uveal melanoma cancer stem cells was examined. Cancer stem cells enriched from aggressively metastatic MUM2B uveal melanoma cells by selecting CD271(+) cells or propagating as non-adherent spheres in stem-cell supportive were more resistant to NK cell cytolysis than cancer stem cells enriched from less aggressively metastatic OCM1 uveal melanoma cells...
December 2016: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553358/crosstalk-in-skin-melanocytes-keratinocytes-stem-cells-and-melanoma
#16
Joshua X Wang, Mizuho Fukunaga-Kalabis, Meenhard Herlyn
In the vertebrate embryo, melanocytes arise from the neural crest, migrate to and colonize the basal layer within the skin and skin appendages. Post-migratory melanocytes are securely attached to the basement membrane, and their morphology, growth, adhesion, and migration are under control of neighboring keratinocytes. Melanoma is a malignant tumor originated from melanocytes or their progenitor cells. During melanocyte transformation and melanoma progression, melanocytes lose their interactions with keratinocytes, resulting in uncontrolled proliferation and invasion of the malignant cells...
September 2016: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546799/-role-of-cancer-stem-cells-in-the-progression-and-heterogeneity-of-melanoma
#17
Balázs Széky, Pálma Silló, Melinda Fábián, Balázs Mayer, Sarolta Kárpáti, Krisztián Németh
Over the past decade a rare cell population called cancer stem cells has been identified in both solid tumors and hematologic cancers. These cells are reminiscent of somatic and embryonic stem cells and play a critical role in the initiation and progression of malignancies. As all stem cells, they are able to undergo asymmetric cell division and hence renew themselves and create various other progenies with heterogenous phenotypes. A growing body of literature suggested that stem cell subpopulations contribute significantly to the growth and metastatic properties of melanoma...
August 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538731/glabrous-lesional-stem-cells-differentiated-into-functional-melanocytes-new-hope-for-repigmentation
#18
R Kumar, D Parsad, S Rani, S Bhardwaj, N Srivastav
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is characterized by the loss of pigment-producing cells, melanocytes and one of the important goals of treatment is replenishing the melanocytes from existing reservoirs. Reservoir for melanocyte stem cell has been reported to be present in the skin hair follicles, but glabrous skin does not have hair follicles. Therefore, repigmentation of glabrous lesional skin is very difficult and almost rare. There is no explanation for melanocyte reservoir in the glabrous lesional skin of vitiligo patients...
September 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489428/expression-of-epidermal-c-kit-of-vitiligo-lesions-is-related-to-responses-to-excimer-laser
#19
Oun Jae Park, Ji Su Han, Sang Hyung Lee, Chan-Sik Park, Chong Hyun Won, Mi Woo Lee, Jee Ho Choi, Sung Eun Chang
BACKGROUND: The survival and growth of melanocytes are controlled by the binding of stem cell factor to its cell surface receptor c-kit+ (CD117). We have observed that c-kit+ melanocytes existed in some lesions of vitiligo, while Melan A+ cells were absent. OBJECTIVE: To verify possible relation between c-kit+ expression and treatment response in non-segmental vitiligo lesions. METHODS: Skin biopsies were done from the center of the 47 lesions from the 47 patients with non-segmental vitiligo...
August 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464529/12-o-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-activates-hair-follicle-melanocytes-for-hair-pigmentation-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#20
Weiming Qiu, Hui Tang, Haiying Guo, Mingxing Lei, Hongtao Yan, Xiaohua Lian, Jinjin Wu
Melanocyte stem cells (McSCs) undergo cyclical activation and quiescence together with hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs). This process is strictly controlled by the autonomous and extrinsic signaling environment. However, the modulation of factors important for the activation of McSCs for hair pigmentation remains unclear. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) mimics vital signaling pathways involved in melanocyte growth and melanogenesis in vitro. To investigate whether TPA regulates quiescent McSCs for hair pigmentation, we topically smeared TPA on 7-week-old mouse dorsal skin and found that TPA stimulated hair growth and hair matrix pigmentation...
July 27, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
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