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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925120/-occupational-therapy-in-orthopedics-and-accident-surgery
#1
Ute Hirsch, Jörg Zobel
Ergotherapy is part of the multidisciplinary treatment concept in the field of orthopedics and trauma surgery. The occupational therapist treats patients together with doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, psychologists, social workers/pedagogues, speech therapists and other professional groups · with congenital malformations,. · with chronic diseases,. · with degenerative diseases,. · after accidental injuries or surgical interventions.. Therapy takes place in terms of client centricity and sees the patient as a full member of the team...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925111/prenatal-care-and-hypertensive-gestational-syndromes-a-systematic-review
#2
Gláucya Raquel Souza da Fonsêca Dutra, Laio da Costa Dutra, Gabriela Karine Souza da Fonsêca, Mauro Bezerra do Nascimento Júnior, Eudes Euler de Souza Lucena
OBJECTIVE:  Evaluate the influence of prenatal care on the occurrence of gestational hypertension. METHODS:  The Web of Science, Scopus, Pubmed, Cochrane and ClinicalTrials electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 1st , 2012 and December 31st , 2016. No language restrictions were imposed. The following keywords were used: prenatal care, medical assistance, prenatal education, pregnancy-induced hypertension. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist was employed...
June 20, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925109/external-quality-monitoring-of-the-cervical-cytopathological-exams-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-city
#3
Vânia Stiepanowez de Oliveira Rocha, Solange da Silva Malfacini, Alex Moreira Gomes, Cláudia Ramos Marques da Rocha
OBJECTIVE:  To discuss the implementation and contributions of the External Quality Monitoring in the city of Rio de Janeiro and to analyze the performance of the main providers of cervical cytopathology in this city from September 2013 to March 2017, here referred to as "Alpha laboratory" and "Beta laboratory." METHODS:  Observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study using information from the Cervical Cancer Control Information System (SISCOLO, in the Portuguese acronym), municipal coordination module, External Quality Monitoring report...
June 20, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925108/febrile-neutropenia-following-parvovirus-b19-infection-and-cross-anti-kell-reaction-to-e-coli-in-pregnancy
#4
Pedro Brandão, Marília Freixo, Elisa Soares, Catarina Estevinho, Ana Sofia Portela Carvalho, Anabela Melo
Parvovirus B19 has tropism for red line blood cells, causing immune hydrops during pregnancy. A positive anti-Kell Coombs reaction usually happens during pregnancy when there is production of antibodies that target Kell antigens, but cross reactions to other antigens may occur. A 24-year-old Gypsy primigravida, 0 Rhesus positive, presented with persistent isolated hyperthermia for 2 weeks and a positive indirect Coombs test result with anti-Kell antibodies at routine tests. She had a 19-week live fetus. The blood tests revealed bicytopenia with iron deficiency anemia, leucopoenia with neutropenia, and elevated C-reactive protein...
June 20, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925106/the-effect-of-increasing-jump-steps-on-stance-leg-joint-kinetics-in-bounding
#5
Yasushi Kariyama, Hiroaki Hobara, Koji Zushi
Jump distance per step in bounding exercises from the standing position increases with increasing number of steps. We examined the hypothesis that the joint kinetic variables of the stance leg would also increase accordingly. Eleven male athletes (sprinters and jumpers) performed bounding exercise, starting from the double-leg standing posture, and covered the longest distance possible by performing a series of seven forward alternating single-leg jumps. Kinematic and kinetic data were calculated using the data by a motion capture system and force platforms...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925089/involving-consumers-in-health-research-what-do-consumers-say
#6
Angela L Todd, Don Nutbeam
OBJECTIVES: To ensure that the contribution of patients and consumers in health research is better understood, respected and fully utilised. Type of program or service: Consumer representative networks that form part of a broader quality improvement program in local health services. METHODS: Consultations were held with members of health consumer networks in Sydney, Northern Sydney and Western Sydney Local Health Districts, and the Sydney Children's Hospitals Network (at Westmead) about how to better involve consumers in health research...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925087/is-a-yoga-based-program-with-potential-to-decrease-falls-perceived-to-be-acceptable-to-community-dwelling-people-older-than-60
#7
Anne Tiedemann, Sandra O'Rourke, Catherine Sherrington
Objectives and importance of study: Yoga improves balance and mobility, and therefore has potential as a fall prevention strategy, yet its validity for preventing falls has not been established. The Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) and tai chi are proven to prevent falls. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions and preferences of older people towards a yoga-based program with potential to decrease falls, to compare these perceptions to the views expressed about the OEP and tai chi, and to identify participant characteristics associated with a preference for the yoga program...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925086/participant-perspectives-of-a-6-month-telephone-based-lifestyle-coaching-program
#8
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Philayrath Phongsavan
Objectives and importance of study: Low program completion rates can undermine the public health impact of even the most effective program. Participant experiences with lifestyle programs are not well reported, but are important for program improvement and retention. The purpose of this study was to understand participant perceptions of the Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS), a 6-month telephone-based health coaching program to promote lifestyle change. We were particularly interested in participants' initial expectations, their actual experience and, for those who did not complete the program, what influenced their withdrawal...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925069/vasopressin-and-diabetic-kidney-disease
#9
Ray El Boustany
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy has become the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the progress accomplished in therapy, the prevalence of renal disorders remains high. Some modifiable factors driving the increase in incidence of CKD, in diabetes and other settings, might have been overlooked. Consistent evidence supports a role for vasopressin, hydration state, and urine concentration in kidney health. SUMMARY: Plasma vasopressin is elevated in diabetes, even if metabolic control is good...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925063/targeting-shp-1-2-and-ship-pathways-a-novel-strategy-for-cancer-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Wolfram C M Dempke, Peter Uciechowski, Klaus Fenchel, Timothy Chevassut
Well-balanced levels of tyrosine phosphorylation, maintained by the reversible and coordinated actions of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), are critical for a wide range of cellular processes including growth, differentiation, metabolism, migration, and survival. Aberrant tyrosine phosphorylation, as a result of a perturbed balance between the activities of PTKs and PTPs, is linked to the pathogenesis of numerous human diseases, including cancer, suggesting that PTPs may be innovative molecular targets for cancer treatment...
June 20, 2018: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925058/short-term-responses-of-soil-nitrogen-mineralization-nitrification-and-denitrification-to-prescribed-burning-in-a-suburban-forest-ecosystem-of-subtropical-australia
#11
Manyun Zhang, Weijin Wang, Dianjie Wang, Marijke Heenan, Zhihong Xu
As an anthropogenic disturbance, prescribed burning may alter the biogeochemistries of nutrients, including nitrogen (N) cycling, in forest ecosystems. This study aimed to examine the changes in N mineralization, nitrification and denitrification rates following prescribed burning in a suburban forest located in subtropical Australia and assess the interactive relationships among soil properties, functional gene abundances and N transformation rates. After a prescribed burning event, soil pH value increased, but soil labile carbon and mineral N contents decreased...
June 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925049/anionic-and-cationic-drug-sorption-on-interpolyelectrolyte-complexes
#12
C R M de Lima, D N Gomes, J R de Morais Filho, M R Pereira, J L C Fonseca
Interpolyelectrolyte complexes of chitosan and poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) [NaPSS] were synthesized and obtained in the form of solid particles, with two different sulfonate to aminium molar ratios: 0.7, resulting in particles with positive zeta potential (IPEC+ ), and 1.4, yielding particles with negative zeta potential (IPEC- ). Both particles were characterized as potential drug sorbents using differently charged drugs: sodium cromoglycate (negatively charged), and tetracycline hydrochloride (positively charged)...
June 15, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925038/milestone-ratings-and-supervisory-role-categorizations-swim-together-but-is-the-water-muddy
#13
Daniel J Schumacher, Kathleen W Bartlett, Sean P Elliott, Catherine Michelson, Tanvi Sharma, Lynn C Garfunkel, Beth King, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: This single specialty, multi-institutional study aimed to determine: 1) the association between milestone ratings for individual competencies and average milestone ratings (AMRs) and 2) the association between AMRs and recommended supervisory role categorizations made by individual clinical competency committee (CCC) members. METHODS: During the 2015-16 academic year, CCC members at 14 pediatric residencies reported milestone ratings for 21 competencies and recommended supervisory role categories (may not supervise, may supervise in some settings, may supervise in all settings) for residents they reviewed...
June 17, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924979/turning-a-cylindrical-treadmill-with-feet-an-mr-compatible-device-for-assessment-of-the-neural-correlates-of-lower-limb-movement
#14
Akira Toyomura, Koichi Yokosawa, Atsushi Shimojo, Tetsunoshin Fujii, Shinya Kuriki
BACKGROUND: Locomotion, which is one of the most basic motor functions, is critical for performing various daily-life activities. Despite its essential function, assessment of brain activity during lower-limb movement is still limited because of the constraints of existing brain imaging methods. NEW METHOD: Here, we describe an MR-compatible, cylindrical treadmill device that allows participants to perform stepping movements on an MRI scanner table. The device was constructed from wood and all of the parts were handmade by the authors...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924974/why-innate-lymphoid-cells
#15
REVIEW
Maya E Kotas, Richard M Locksley
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are positioned in tissues perinatally, constitutively express receptors responsive to their organ microenvironments, and perform an arsenal of effector functions that overlap those of adaptive CD4+ T cells. Based on knowledge regarding subsets of invariant-like lymphocytes (e.g., natural killer T [NKT] cells, γδ T cells, mucosal-associated invariant T [MAIT] cells, etc.) and fetally derived macrophages, we hypothesize that immune cells established during the perinatal period-including, but not limited to, ILCs-serve intimate roles in tissue that go beyond classical understanding of the immune system in microbial host defense...
June 19, 2018: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924966/a-proteomic-variant-approach-provara-for-personalized-medicine-of-inherited-and-somatic-disease
#16
DarrenM Hutt, Salvatore Loguercio, Alexandre Rosa Campos, William E Balch
The advent of precision medicine for genetic diseases has been hampered by the large number of variants that cause familial and somatic disease, a complexity that is further confounded by the impact of genetic modifiers. To begin to understand differences in onset, progression and therapeutic response that exist among disease-causing variants, we present the proteomic variant approach (ProVarA), a proteomic method that integrates mass spectrometry with genomic tools to dissect the etiology of disease. To illustrate its value, we examined the impact of variation in cystic fibrosis (CF), where 2025 disease-associated mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene have been annotated and where individual genotypes exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity and response to therapeutic intervention...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924962/prognostic-value-of-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-aldh1-in-invasive-breast-carcinomas
#17
Hale Demir, Ozgecan Dulgar, Bugra Taygun Gulle, Hande Turna, Sennur Ilvan
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) has been identified as a marker of cancer stem cells in breast cancer (BC). Recent studies showed that ALDH1 expression is correlated with poor prognostic parameters and worse clinical outcome in BC. We evaluated ALDH1 expression by immunohistochemistry in a series of 217 invasive BCs and investigated the correlation between ALDH1 expression and clinicopathological parameters, molecular subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2] type, and triple-negative BC [TNBC]), and patient survival...
June 11, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924961/epidermal-growth-factor-egf-promotes-bone-healing-in-surgically-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-onfh
#18
Ozgur Basal, Tolga Atay, İbrahim Metin Ciris, Yakup Barbaros Baykal
Angiogenic effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF), a potent mitogen, have been demonstrated previously. Moreover, different in vitro studies showed that EGF affects processes associated with bone healing, such as osteoblast differentiation and bone resorption. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of combined core decompression (CD) and recombinant human EGF (rhEGF) treatment on early-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) surgically induced in rats. ONFH was induced by dissecting the cervical periosteum and placing a ligature tightly around the femoral neck...
June 11, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924959/immunohistochemical-expression-of-nedd9-e-cadherin-and-%C3%AE-catenin-and-their-prognostic-significance-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-pdac
#19
Petra Radulović, Božo Krušlin
Extensive research is being conducted to identify novel diagnostic, predictive and prognostic biomarkers for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), as only a few markers have been routinely used so far with limited success. Our aim was to assess the expression of neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 9 (NEDD9), E-cadherin, and γ-catenin in PDAC in relation to clinicopathological parameters and patient survival. We also investigated if there is a correlation of NEDD9 expression with E-cadherin or γ-catenin...
June 20, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924957/a-survey-of-canine-respiratory-pathogens-in-new-zealand-dogs
#20
H R Sowman, N J Cave, M Dunowska
AIMS: To determine which of the common canine respiratory pathogens circulate among selected populations of healthy and diseased dogs in New Zealand. METHODS: Coagulated blood samples for serology and oropharyngeal swabs for virology were collected from healthy dogs (n=47) and from dogs with acute respiratory disease (n=49). For diseased dogs a convalescent blood sample was also collected 3-4 weeks later. Oropharyngeal swabs were subjected to virus isolation and tested for canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV), canine adenovirus (CAdV) 2, canine herpesvirus (CHV), canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), canine influenza virus (CIV), canine distemper virus (CDV), Bordetella bronchiseptica, Streptococcus equi subsp...
June 20, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
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