keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric ascites

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118687/renoportal-anastomosis-in-left-lateral-lobe-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-pediatric-case
#1
Hiroyuki Ogasawara, Chikashi Nakanishi, Shigehito Miyagi, Kazuaki Tokodai, Yasuyuki Hara, Wataru Nakanishi, Koji Miyazawa, Kenji Shimizu, Hiroyuki Kumata, Hitoshi Goto, Masafumi Goto, Michiaki Unno, Takashi Kamei
In adult liver transplantation, renoportal anastomosis (RPA) has been introduced as a useful technique for patients with grade 4 portal vein thrombosis and a splenorenal shunt. Here, we report a pediatric case in which RPA allowed a left lateral lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) despite portal vein thrombosis and a large splenorenal shunt. At 36 days old, the patient underwent a Kasai operation for biliary atresia. At 17 months old, she underwent LDLT because of repetitive cholangitis. Pretransplant examinations revealed a large splenorenal shunt and portal vein thrombosis...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049233/pediatric-types-i-and-vi-choledochal-cysts-complicated-with-acute-pancreatitis-and-spontaneous-perforation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Ching-Chung Tsai, Po-Kai Huang, Hsien-Kuan Liu, Yu-Tsun Su, Ming-Chun Yang, Ming-Lun Yeh
RATIONALE: Choledochal cysts are a congenital disorder of the common bile duct that can cause progressive biliary obstruction and biliary cirrhosis. They were classified by Todani into five types. Of these, type VI choledochal cysts are rarely reported in the literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-month-old girl presented with intermittent epigastralgia for approximately 10 days and fever for three days. Fasting and total parenteral nutrition were administered after admission...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034613/massive-ascites-and-the-heterozygous-alpha-1-antitrypsin-%C3%AE-1-at-living-related-donor-liver-in-the-homozygous-child
#3
Shirin E Khorsandi, Richard Thompson, Hector Vilca-Melendez, Anil Dhawan, Nigel Heaton
The following is a short report on the use of a heterozygous (PiMZ) alpha 1 antitrypsin (α1AT) living related donor liver in a homozygous (PiZ) child that was complicated by massive ascites early after transplant. This clinical report is then followed by a brief summary of present knowledge on the α1 AT protein and management of massive ascites in the pediatric liver transplant recipient.
October 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030698/biliary-atresia-and-liver-transplantation-results-and-thoughts-for-primary-liver-transplantation-in-select-patients
#4
REVIEW
Riccardo Superina
Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the most common indications for liver transplantation in children. Despite advances in biliary atresia surgical techniques, most children will ultimately require liver transplantation. Possible pre-operative predictors of outcome after the Kasai operation are: 1. Age at operation 2. Presence of the biliary atresia splenic malformation syndrome (BASM) 3. Center specific factors 4. Liver histology and 5. Anatomic pattern of bile ducts found at surgery.Age at surgery is considered a strong predictor of success after portoenterostomy...
December 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956103/pediatric-lymphangiography-thoracic-duct-embolization-and-thoracic-duct-disruption-a-single-institution-experience-in-11-children-with-chylothorax
#5
Bill S Majdalany, Wael A Saad, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, Ravi N Srinivasa
BACKGROUND: Interventional radiology treatment of chylothorax is well described in adults, with high technical and clinical success that decreases patient morbidity and mortality. However there is limited experience in children. OBJECTIVE: To report the technical and clinical success of lymphangiography, thoracic duct embolization and thoracic duct disruption in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 11 pediatric patients (7 boys, 4 girls; median weight 6...
September 28, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895701/management-of-cirrhotic-ascites-in-children-review-and-recommendations-part-2-electrolyte-disturbances-nonelectrolyte-disturbances-therapeutic-options
#6
David F Bes, M Cristina Fernández, Ivone Malla, Horacio A Repetto, Daniel Buamscha, Susana López, Roxana Martinitto, Miriam Cuarterolo, Fernando Alvarez
Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis. There are several evidence-based articles and guidelines for the management of adults, but few data have been published in relation to children. In the case of a pediatric patient with cirrhotic ascites (PPCA), the following questions are raised: How are the clinical assessment and ancillary tests performed? When is ascites considered refractory? How is it treated? Should fresh plasma and platelets be infused before abdominal paracentesis to prevent bleeding? What are the hospitalization criteria? What are the indicated treatments? What complications can patients develop? When and how should hyponatremia be treated? What are the diagnostic criteria for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis? How is it treated? What is hepatorenal syndrome? How is it treated? When should albumin be infused? When should fluid intake be restricted? The recommendations made here are based on pathophysiology and suggest the preferred approach to diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, and preventive care...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803487/a-mechanism-based-approach-to-management-of-children-with-end-stage-liver-disease
#7
Allah B Haafiz
Due to parallel advances in surgical and acute care disciplines, liver transplantation (LT) has revolutionized the outlook for children with end-stage liver disease (ESLD). Contrary to advances in technical aspects of LT and the peri-operative care, pre-transplant management of ESLD remains quite a formidable challenge. Areas covered: This review provides mechanisms based management strategies to address common complications of ESLD including malnutrition, amended metabolic pathways, gastrointestinal dysfunction, and development of ascites...
August 28, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764764/sclerosing-mesenteritis-in-a-5-year-old-chinese-boy-a-case-report
#8
Cui-Ping Liang, Min Yang, Pei-Yu Chen, Lan-Lan Geng, Ding-You Li, Si-Tang Gong
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare fibroinflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that primarily affects the mesentery of the small intestine during late adult life. Only about twenty pediatric cases have been reported to date, but none has been reported in Chinese children. CASE PRESENTATION: A 5-year-old Chinese male presented with a 4-week history of recurrent bloating, abdominal pain, anorexia and vomiting. On admission, physical examination showed a severely distended abdomen...
August 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754544/consensus-report-by-pediatric-acute-lung-injury-and-sepsis-investigators-and-pediatric-blood-and-marrow-transplantation-consortium-joint-working-committees-supportive-care-guidelines-for-management-of-veno-occlusive-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-part
#9
REVIEW
Rajinder P S Bajwa, Kris M Mahadeo, Benjamin H Taragin, Christopher C Dvorak, Jennifer McArthur, Asumthia Jeyapalan, Christine N Duncan, Robert Tamburro, Alison Gehred, Leslie Lehman, Paul Richardson, Jeffery J Auletta, Ann E Woolfrey
Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) is a common and potentially fatal complication in children undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). It occurs in about one-third of all patients undergoing transplantation and is fatal in 50% of patients with severe disease. Early intervention and specific treatment with defibrotide are associated with improved outcomes. However, there is a lack of supportive care guidelines for management of the multiorgan dysfunction seen in most cases. There is high variability in the management of VOD, which may contribute to the increased morbidity and mortality...
July 25, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741138/trans-splenic-access-for-portal-venous-interventions-in-children-do-benefits-outweigh-risks
#10
Sheena Pimpalwar, Ponraj Chinnadurai, Alberto Hernandez, Kamlesh Kukreja, Shakeel Siddiqui, Henri Justino
BACKGROUND: The primary concern of trans-splenic access for portal interventions is the risk of life-threatening intraperitoneal bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical indications and efficacy and evaluate the risk factors for intraperitoneal bleeding during trans-splenic portal interventions in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent trans-splenic portal interventions at a tertiary care pediatric institution between March 2011 and April 2017 was performed...
July 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737869/management-of-cirrhotic-ascites-in-children-review-and-recommendations-part-1-pathophysiology-diagnostic-evaluation-hospitalization-criteria-treatment-nutritional-management
#11
REVIEW
David F Bes, M Cristina Fernández, Ivone Malla, Horacio A Repetto, Daniel Buamsch, Susana López, Roxana Martinitto, Miriam Cuarterolo, Fernando Álvarez
Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis. There are several evidence-based articles and guidelines for the management of adults, but few data have been published in relation to children. In the case of pediatric patients with cirrhotic ascites (PPCA), the following questions are raised: How are the clinical assessment and ancillary tests performed? When is ascites considered refractory? How is it treated? Should fresh plasma and platelets be infused before abdominal paracentesis to prevent bleeding? What are the hospitalization criteria? What are the indicated treatments? What complications can patients develop? When and how should hyponatremia be treated? What are the diagnostic criteria for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis? How is it treated? What is hepatorenal syndrome? How is it treated? When should albumin be infused? When should fluid intake be restricted? The recommendations made here are based on pathophysiology and suggest the preferred approach to its diagnostic and therapeutic aspects, and preventive care...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643816/-budd-chiari-syndrome-and-ulcerative-colitis-in-an-adolescent
#12
Federico Marchetti, Martina Mainetti, Michela Giovannini, Cristina Morelli
In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) there is an increased incidence of thromboembolic events. We report a case of a female, age 14, with a 6 months history of diarrhea with occasional presence of red blood and with a very distended abdomen with evident ascites. The diagnosis was Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) in ulcerative colitis (UC). Therapy with subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin, methylprednisolone, mesalazine was started. Clinical and radiological features quickly improved. No thrombophilia abnormality nor other risk factor for thrombosis were detected...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588171/clinical-and-laboratory-predictors-of-esophageal-varices-in-children-with-chronic-liver-disease
#13
M I Hasan, M Rukunuzzaman, M Nurullah, F Sultana
Esophageal varices are a serious consequence of portal hypertension in patients with chronic liver diseases. Several studies have evaluated possible noninvasive markers of esophageal varices to reduce the number of unnecessary endoscopies in patients with chronic liver disease. Aim of this study was to identify clinical and laboratory predictors of esophageal varices in children with chronic liver disease. This cross sectional observational study was done at Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Department of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, over a period of 6 months...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471905/predictive-variables-for-abnormal-comprehensive-metabolic-panel-testing-and-potential-cost-savings-in-children-receiving-pediatric-emergency-department-care
#14
Matthew David Huckaby, Shayla Freeman, Christopher Thurmond, Matthew Cooper, Joseph D Losek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine variables predictive of abnormal comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) results in pediatric emergency department (PED) patients and the potential cost savings of a basic metabolic panel (BMP) versus a CMP. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study of children (<18 y) at an urban academic PED (annual census, 22,000). Clinical data included 12 clinical variables: right upper quadrant pain, overdose, emesis, liver disorder, malignancy, heart disease, bleeding disorder, jaundice, right upper quadrant tenderness, hepatomegaly, ascites/peripheral edema and shock, and the liver function test (LFT) results not in a BMP (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, total protein, and albumin)...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417522/determinants-of-large-drain-losses-early-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#15
Antonio Marseglia, Marco Ginammi, Michela Bosisio, Paola Stroppa, Michele Colledan, Lorenzo D'Antiga
The goal of this study was to evaluate postoperative ascites to correlate it with graft dysfunction and other complications. We therefore reviewed the files of patients transplanted between 2009 and 2014 to correlate drain losses with indication, patient and organ size, PELD, graft type, GRWR, NRBW, NGWD, cold ischemia time, histologically proven graft dysfunction, and surgical complications. Of 120 LTs in 104 patients, 48 (40%) were complicated by graft dysfunction, 43 (36%) by surgical complications, and 25 (21%) by cellular rejection...
August 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318600/strangulated-small-bowel-obstruction-in-children
#16
Yi-Jung Chang, Dah-Chin Yan, Jin-Yao Lai, Hsun-Chin Chao, Chyi-Liang Chen, Shih-Yen Chen, Ming-Han Tsai
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing intestinal strangulation as a complication of small bowel obstruction (SBO) remains a considerable challenge in children. We evaluated the clinicoradiological parameters for predicting the presence of a strangulated intestine. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 69 pediatric patients who underwent operation for acute SBO. Regression analysis was used to identify the parameters for predicting strangulated SBO. RESULTS: Of the 69 patients with SBO, 27 patients had intestinal strangulation and were awarded one point each towards the overall clinical score: intractable continuous abdominal pain, tachycardia, white blood cell count >13,600/mm(3), and abdominal distention...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302000/expanded-criteria-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-liver-transplant
#17
Mehmet Haberal, Aydıncan Akdur, Gökhan Moray, Gülnaz Arslan, Figen Özçay, Haldun Selçuk, Handan Özdemir
OBJECTIVES: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and is the third highest cause of malignancy-related death. Because of its typically late diagnosis, median survival is approximately 6 to 20 months, with 5-year survival of < 12%. Hepatocellular carcinoma typically arises in the background of cirrhosis, with liver transplant regarded as the optimal therapy for selected patients. Initially, orthotopic liver transplant was limited to patients with extensive unresectable tumors, resulting in uniformly dismal outcomes due to high tumor recurrence rates...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285838/incidental-findings-on-pediatric-abdominal-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#18
Nattinee Leelakanok, Matthew A Zapala, Emily A Edwards, Andrew S Phelps, John D Mackenzie, Jesse Courtier
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Abdominal magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has gained favor in pediatric patients owing to its lack of ionizing radiation and noninvasive nature. Reports exist regarding incidental findings on body MRA in adult patients. However, the incidental findings in pediatric abdominal MRA have not been previously reported. Our study aims to determine the frequencies, characteristics, and categories of incidental findings in pediatric patients undergoing abdominal MRA...
March 9, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267081/the-diagnostic-value-of-hepatic-arterial-velocity-in-venoocclusive-disease-after-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Nusabe Kaya, Fatih Erbey, Didem Atay, Arzu Akçay, Ceyhun Bozkurt, Gulyuz Ozturk
The aim of this study was to determine usefulness of measurements of maximal systolic velocity of the hepatic artery with Doppler ultrasonography in the diagnosis of venoocclusive disease (VOD) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We prospectively obtained 5 sonograms per patient: pretransplantation, day +1, +7, +14, and +28 on 36 nonconsecutive children who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We examined the hepatic artery, the portal, hepatic and splenic veins, the thickness of the gallbladder wall, the presence of ascites, and the liver and spleen size...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260464/incisional-hernia-after-liver-transplant
#20
Ebru H Ayvazoglu Soy, Mahir Kirnap, Sedat Yildirim, Gokhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: An incisional hernia seriously burdens the quality of life after liver transplant. The incidence of incisional hernia after liver transplant is reported to be 4% to 20%. Here, we evaluated incisional hernias that occurred after adult liver transplant and incisional hernias intentionally made in infant liver transplant procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 1988 and May 2016, we performed 536 liver transplant procedures in 515 patients. Demographic features, surgical outcomes, and predisposing factors were evaluated...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
keyword
keyword
92639
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"