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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213830/recognition-memory-for-low-and-high-frequency-filtered-emotional-faces-low-spatial-frequencies-drive-emotional-memory-enhancement-whereas-high-spatial-frequencies-drive-the-emotion-induced-recognition-bias
#1
Michaela Rohr, Johannes Tröger, Nils Michely, Alarith Uhde, Dirk Wentura
This article deals with two well-documented phenomena regarding emotional stimuli: emotional memory enhancement-that is, better long-term memory for emotional than for neutral stimuli-and the emotion-induced recognition bias-that is, a more liberal response criterion for emotional than for neutral stimuli. Studies on visual emotion perception and attention suggest that emotion-related processes can be modulated by means of spatial-frequency filtering of the presented emotional stimuli. Specifically, low spatial frequencies are assumed to play a primary role for the influence of emotion on attention and judgment...
February 17, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213803/first-experiences-with-neuropsychological-effects-of-oxytocin-administration-in-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#2
Anika Hoffmann, Jale Özyurt, Kristin Lohle, Julia Reichel, Christiane M Thiel, Hermann L Müller
PURPOSE: The hypothalamic hormone oxytocin plays a major role in regulation of behavior and body composition. Quality of survival is frequently impaired in childhood craniopharyngioma patients due to sequelae such as behavioral deficits and severe obesity caused by tumor or treatment-related hypothalamic lesions. METHODS: In our pilot cross-sectional study, we analyzed emotion recognition abilities and oxytocin concentrations in saliva and urine before and after single nasal administration of 24 IU oxytocin in 10 craniopharyngioma patients...
February 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211817/post-stroke-acquired-amusia-a-comparison-between-right-and-left-brain-hemispheric-damages
#3
Zahra Jafari, Mahdiye Esmaili, Ahmad Delbari, Masoud Mehrpour, Majid H Mohajerani
BACKGROUND: Although extensive research has been published about the emotional consequences of stroke, most studies have focused on emotional words, speech prosody, voices, or facial expressions. The emotional processing of musical excerpts following stroke has been relatively unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of chronic stroke on the recognition of basic emotions in music. METHODS: Seventy persons, including 25 normal controls (NC), 25 persons with right brain damage (RBD) from stroke, and 20 persons with left brain damage (LBD) from stroke between the ages of 31-71 years were studied...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210990/indices-from-lagged-poincare-plots-of-heart-rate-variability-an-efficient-nonlinear-tool-for-emotion-discrimination
#4
Ateke Goshvarpour, Ataollah Abbasi, Atefeh Goshvarpour
Interest in human emotion recognition, regarding physiological signals, has recently risen. In this study, an efficient emotion recognition system, based on geometrical analysis of autonomic nervous system signals, is presented. The electrocardiogram recordings of 47 college students were obtained during rest condition and affective visual stimuli. Pictures with four emotional contents, including happiness, peacefulness, sadness, and fear were selected. Then, ten lags of Poincare plot were constructed for heart rate variability (HRV) segments...
February 16, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209520/deconstructing-empathy-neuroanatomical-dissociations-between-affect-sharing-and-prosocial-motivation-using-a-patient-lesion-model
#5
Suzanne M Shdo, Kamalini G Ranasinghe, Kelly A Gola, Clinton J Mielke, Paul V Sukhanov, Bruce L Miller, Katherine P Rankin
Affect sharing and prosocial motivation are integral parts of empathy that are conceptually and mechanistically distinct. We used a neurodegenerative disease (NDG) lesion model to more directly examine the neural correlates of these two aspects of real-world empathic responding. The study enrolled 275 participants, including 44 healthy older controls and 231 patients diagnosed with one of five neurodegenerative diseases (75 Alzheimer's disease, 58 behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), 42 semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), 28 progressive supranuclear palsy, and 28 non-fluent variant (nfvPPA)...
February 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209420/-importance-of-the-emotional-dimension-when-providing-information-to-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#6
J Bros, C Poulet, C Deschaux, M Charavel
INTRODUCTION: To promote adaptation to treatment with continuous positive airway pressure, an information document was developed for people starting their treatment with continuous positive airway pressure. METHODS: Seven patients with obstructive sleep apnea took part in a focus group. This allowed the identification both of useful information and the best way that this information could be presented. RESULTS: The key specific information objectives and the best emotional register to use were as follows: (1) develop awareness about the physiological mechanisms and consequences that can occur from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, using formulations arousing fear, (2) enable the recognition of the symptoms, risk factors and chronicity of this syndrome, (3) reassure and motivate the patient about treatment with continuous positive airway pressure...
February 13, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208734/towards-building-a-computer-aided-education-system-for-special-students-using-wearable-sensor-technologies
#7
Raja Majid Mehmood, Hyo Jong Lee
Human computer interaction is a growing field in terms of helping people in their daily life to improve their living. Especially, people with some disability may need an interface which is more appropriate and compatible with their needs. Our research is focused on similar kinds of problems, such as students with some mental disorder or mood disruption problems. To improve their learning process, an intelligent emotion recognition system is essential which has an ability to recognize the current emotional state of the brain...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203326/the-needs-of-parents-of-preterm-infants-in-iran-and-a-comparison-with-those-in-other-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Seyedeh Saeedeh Mousavi, Reza Chaman, Ahmad Khosravi, Parisa Mohagheghi, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Afsaneh Keramat
CONTEXT: Proper accountability to needs of preterm infants' parents requires recognition of these needs and how they change in different conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the needs of parents of preterm infants in Iran, as compared to those in other regions in the world. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search of Iranian databases (Iran Medex, Magiran, and SID) and international resources (PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar) was conducted, with no time limitations, to 5 October 2014...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192770/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-emotion-recognition-and-irritability-in-schizophrenia-patients
#9
Mustafa Melih Bilgi, Seval Taspinar, Burcu Aksoy, Kaya Oguz, Kerry Coburn, Ali Saffet Gonul
This study investigated the relationship between childhood trauma, irritability, and emotion recognition, in schizophrenia patients during a psychotic break. Thirty-six schizophrenia inpatients and 36 healthy controls were assessed with the Irritability Questionnaire (IRQ) and two facial emotion recognition tasks, the Emotion Discrimination Test (EDT) and Emotion Identification Test (EIT). Patients were further assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R Axis II Disorders (SCID-II), the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-28 (CTQ-28)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190409/child-perfectionism-and-its-relationship-with-personality-excessive-parental-demands-depressive-symptoms-and-experience-of-positive-emotions
#10
Laura B Oros, Ornella Iuorno, Mónica Serppe
While adaptive perfectionism ensures good overall performance, maladaptive perfectionism is associated with emotional disorders for which psychological treatment is sought. There are many factors that can explain the development of this disorder throughout childhood. The present study analyzed to what extent the child's personality traits and excessive parental demands can predict maladaptive perfectionism, and, in turn, also analyzed how this relates to positive emotions and depressive symptoms in a sample of 404 Argentinian children (M age = 10...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188815/the-impact-of-emotion-intensity-on-recognition-memory-valence-polarity-matters
#11
Xianxin Meng, Ling Zhang, Wenwen Liu, XinSheng Ding, Hong Li, Jiemin Yang, JiaJin Yuan
Although the effects of emotion of different emotional intensity on memory have been investigated, it remain unclear whether the influence of emotional intensity on memory varies depending on the stimulus valence polarity (i.e., positive or negative). To address this, event-related potentials were recorded when subjects performed a continuous old/new discrimination task, for highly negative (HN), mildly negative (MN) and neutral pictures in the negative block; and for highly positive (HP), mildly positive (MP) and neutral pictures in the positive block...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185885/behavioral-effects-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-in-two-length-models-of-maternal-separation-in-male-rats
#12
María Banqueri, Marta Méndez, Jorge L Arias
Maternal separation (MS) is an extensively used early life stress model. There is some variability in the MS lengths used. Maternal separation leads to emotional and behavioral alterations such as anxiety, despair, or memory problems. We performed MS in Wistar rats with two length models from postnatal day 1 until day 10 and from postnatal day 1 until day 21 during 4hours per day in both groups. We performed a test battery of a wide range of behaviors to measure anxiety, despair, prepulse inhibition, recognition memory, and associative memory both in adolescent and adult subjects...
February 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174552/measuring-mindreading-a-review-of-behavioral-approaches-to-testing-cognitive-and-affective-mental-state-attribution-in-neurologically-typical-adults
#13
REVIEW
Rose Turner, Fatima M Felisberti
Mindreading refers to the ability to attribute mental states, including thoughts, intentions and emotions, to oneself and others, and is essential for navigating the social world. Empirical mindreading research has predominantly featured children, groups with autism spectrum disorder and clinical samples, and many standard tasks suffer ceiling effects with neurologically typical (NT) adults. We first outline a case for studying mindreading in NT adults and proceed to review tests of emotion perception, cognitive and affective mentalizing, and multidimensional tasks combining these facets...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169088/mapping-structural-covariance-networks-of-facial-emotion-recognition-in-early-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#14
Lisa Buchy, Mariapaola Barbato, Carolina Makowski, Signe Bray, Frank P MacMaster, Stephanie Deighton, Jean Addington
People with psychosis show deficits recognizing facial emotions and disrupted activation in the underlying neural circuitry. We evaluated associations between facial emotion recognition and cortical thickness using a correlation-based approach to map structural covariance networks across the brain. Fifteen people with an early psychosis provided magnetic resonance scans and completed the Penn Emotion Recognition and Differentiation tasks. Fifteen historical controls provided magnetic resonance scans. Cortical thickness was computed using CIVET and analyzed with linear models...
February 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167752/cross-cultural-regularities-in-the-cognitive-architecture-of-pride
#15
Daniel Sznycer, Laith Al-Shawaf, Yoella Bereby-Meyer, Oliver Scott Curry, Delphine De Smet, Elsa Ermer, Sangin Kim, Sunhwa Kim, Norman P Li, Maria Florencia Lopez Seal, Jennifer McClung, Jiaqing O, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Tadeg Quillien, Max Schaub, Aaron Sell, Florian van Leeuwen, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
Pride occurs in every known culture, appears early in development, is reliably triggered by achievements and formidability, and causes a characteristic display that is recognized everywhere. Here, we evaluate the theory that pride evolved to guide decisions relevant to pursuing actions that enhance valuation and respect for a person in the minds of others. By hypothesis, pride is a neurocomputational program tailored by selection to orchestrate cognition and behavior in the service of: (i) motivating the cost-effective pursuit of courses of action that would increase others' valuations and respect of the individual, (ii) motivating the advertisement of acts or characteristics whose recognition by others would lead them to enhance their evaluations of the individual, and (iii) mobilizing the individual to take advantage of the resulting enhanced social landscape...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153058/configural-and-featural-face-processing-influences-on-emotion-recognition-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#16
Tamsyn E Van Rheenen, Nicole Joshua, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVES: Emotion recognition impairments have been demonstrated in schizophrenia (Sz), but are less consistent and lesser in magnitude in bipolar disorder (BD). This may be related to the extent to which different face processing strategies are engaged during emotion recognition in each of these disorders. We recently showed that Sz patients had impairments in the use of both featural and configural face processing strategies, whereas BD patients were impaired only in the use of the latter...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152399/the-positive-link-between-executive-function-and-lifetime-cannabis-use-in-schizophrenia-is-not-explained-by-current-levels-of-superior-social-cognition
#17
Siri Helle, Else-Marie Løberg, Rolf Gjestad, Ashley M Schnakenberg Martin, Paul H Lysaker
There has been a growing link between a history of cannabis use and neurocognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia. Fewer neurocognitive deficits may be a marker of the superior social cognition needed to obtain illicit substances, or cannabis use may indicate a distinct path to schizophrenia with less neurocognitive vulnerability. This study sought to determine whether the relationship of cannabis use and executive function exists independently of social cognition. Eighty-seven patients with schizophrenia were administered measures of social cognition and executive function...
January 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151976/transient-emotional-events-and-individual-affective-traits-affect-emotion-recognition-in-a-perceptual-decision-making-task
#18
Emilie Qiao-Tasserit, Maria Garcia Quesada, Lia Antico, Daphne Bavelier, Patrik Vuilleumier, Swann Pichon
Both affective states and personality traits shape how we perceive the social world and interpret emotions. The literature on affective priming has mostly focused on brief influences of emotional stimuli and emotional states on perceptual and cognitive processes. Yet this approach does not fully capture more dynamic processes at the root of emotional states, with such states lingering beyond the duration of the inducing external stimuli. Our goal was to put in perspective three different types of affective states (induced affective states, more sustained mood states and affective traits such as depression and anxiety) and investigate how they may interact and influence emotion perception...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143627/neurocognitive-functions-in-3-to-15-year-old-children-an-international-comparison
#19
Johanna Rosenqvist, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Cosimo Urgesi, James Holdnack, Sally L Kemp, Marja Laasonen
OBJECTIVES: Performance on neurocognitive tasks develops with age, but it is still unknown whether this performance differs between children from different cultures. We compared cross-sectionally the development of neurocognitive functions in 3- to 15-year-old children from three countries: Finland, Italy, and the United States (N=2745). METHODS: Language, face memory, emotion recognition, theory of mind, and visuospatial processing subtests from the NEPSY-II standardizations in Finland, Italy, and the United States were used to evaluate if children and adolescents from different linguistic and cultural backgrounds differ in performance on these measures...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141631/the-effect-of-age-race-and-sex-on-social-cognitive-performance-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#20
Amy E Pinkham, Skylar Kelsven, Chrystyna Kouros, Philip D Harvey, David L Penn
Age, race, and sex are linked to social cognitive performance among healthy individuals, but whether similar effects are evident in schizophrenia is unknown. Data from 170 individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 98 healthy controls were used to examine relations between these demographic factors and performance across multiple domains and measures of social cognition. Sex was not related to performance on any domain, but older age was related to poorer emotion recognition from dynamic stimuli in both patients and controls...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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