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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781645/sex-differences-in-emotion-recognition-evidence-for-a-small-overall-female-superiority-on-facial-disgust
#1
Hannah L Connolly, Carmen E Lefevre, Andrew W Young, Gary J Lewis
Although it is widely believed that females outperform males in the ability to recognize other people's emotions, this conclusion is not well supported by the extant literature. The current study sought to provide a strong test of the female superiority hypothesis by investigating sex differences in emotion recognition for five basic emotions using stimuli well-calibrated for individual differences assessment, across two expressive domains (face and body), and in a large sample (N = 1,022: Study 1). We also assessed the stability and generalizability of our findings with two independent replication samples (N = 303: Study 2, N = 634: Study 3)...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781382/the-effects-of-social-anxiety-on-emotional-face-discrimination-and-its-modulation-by-mouth-salience
#2
Andrew R du Rocher, Alan D Pickering
People high in social anxiety experience fear of social situations due to the likelihood of social evaluation. Whereas happy faces are generally processed very quickly, this effect is impaired by high social anxiety. Mouth regions are implicated during emotional face processing, therefore differences in mouth salience might affect how social anxiety relates to emotional face discrimination. We designed an emotional facial expression recognition task to reveal how varying levels of sub-clinical social anxiety (measured by questionnaire) related to the discrimination of happy and fearful faces, and of happy and angry faces...
May 21, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778050/the-association-between-ptsd-and-facial-affect-recognition
#3
Christian L Williams, Melissa E Milanak, Matt R Judah, Howard Berenbaum
The major aims of this study were to examine how, if at all, having higher levels of PTSD would be associated with performance on a facial affect recognition task in which facial expressions of emotion are superimposed on emotionally valenced, non-face images. College students with trauma histories (N = 90) completed a facial affect recognition task as well as measures of exposure to traumatic events, and PTSD symptoms. When the face and context matched, participants with higher levels of PTSD were significantly more accurate...
May 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#4
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771185/can-the-relationship-between-rapid-automatized-naming-and-word-reading-be-explained-by-a-catastrophe-empirical-evidence-from-students-with-and-without-reading-difficulties
#5
Georgios D Sideridis, Panagiotis Simos, Angeliki Mouzaki, Dimitrios Stamovlasis, George K Georgiou
The purpose of the present study was to explain the moderating role of rapid automatized naming (RAN) in word reading with a cusp catastrophe model. We hypothesized that increases in RAN performance speed beyond a critical point would be associated with the disruption in word reading, consistent with a "generic shutdown" hypothesis. Participants were 587 elementary schoolchildren (Grades 2-4), among whom 87 had reading comprehension difficulties per the IQ-achievement discrepancy criterion. Data were analyzed via a cusp catastrophe model derived from the nonlinear dynamics systems theory...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769117/a-protocol-for-a-network-meta-analysis-of-interventions-to-treat-patients-with-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#6
Nadera Ahmadzai, Shaun Kilty, Dianna Wolfe, Jamie Bonaparte, David Schramm, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Vincent Lin, Wei Cheng, Becky Skidmore, David Moher, Brian Hutton
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, with greater than 20% of Canadian adults having measurable hearing loss in at least one ear. Patients with hearing loss experience impaired quality of life, and emotional and financial consequences that affect themselves and their families. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a common but difficult to treat form of hearing loss that has a sudden onset of ≤ 72 h associated with various etiologies, with the majority of cases being idiopathic...
May 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768527/approaching-patients-with-hyperreflectivity-and-perplexity-an-empirical-qualitative-investigation
#7
Sidse Marie Arnfred, Paul Møller, Annette Sofie Davidsen
OBJECTIVE: Perplexity and hyperreflectivity are considered important aspects of self-disorders in patients with schizophrenia, yet knowledge of the appropriate psychotherapy for these patients is sparse. We aimed to explore how phenomenological psychologists or psychiatrists described their approach to these patients and their own emotional response when hyperreflectivity and perplexity emerged in therapy or consultations. METHODS: Four e-mail interviews with experienced clinical researchers within the field of phenomenology and schizophrenia were examined using a double hermeneutic qualitative analysis...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767218/management-of-emotionally-challenging-responses-of-hospitalized-patients-with-cancer
#8
Yelena Burklin, Daniel P Hunt
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and the majority of hospital admissions of patients with cancer occur because of uncontrolled, urgent symptoms. In addition to complex physical presentations, these patients often manifest a number of complex emotional and psychological responses resulting in a unique set of healthcare needs and expectations. Inpatient generalists or hospitalists frequently serve as the primary providers of medical care for these patients. Formal training for nononcologists on effective communication strategies in managing patients with cancer in a hospital setting may not fully prepare generalists for challenging patient encounters, however...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761975/-research-on-electroencephalogram-emotion-recognition-based-on-the-feature-fusion-algorithm-of-auto-regressive-model-and-wavelet-packet-entropy
#9
Xin Li, Xiaoqi Sun, Xin Wang, Chunyan Shi, Jiannan Kang, Yongjie Hou
Focused on the world-wide issue of improving the accuracy of emotion recognition, this paper proposes an electroencephalogram (EEG) signal feature extraction algorithm based on wavelet packet energy entropy and auto-regressive (AR) model. The auto-regressive process can be approached to EEG signal as much as possible, and provide a wealth of spectral information with few parameters. The wavelet packet entropy reflects the spectral energy distribution of the signal in each frequency band. Combination of them gives a better reflect of the energy characteristics of EEG signals...
February 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760783/minor-digestive-symptoms-and-their-impact-in-the-general-population-a-cluster-analysis-approach
#10
Diane L'Heureux-Bouron, Sophie Legrain-Raspaud, Helen R Carruthers, P J Whorwell
Background: The classification and treatment of patients who do not meet the criteria for a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder has not been well established. This study aimed to record the prevalence of minor digestive symptoms (MDSs) in the general population attempting to divide them into symptom clusters as well as trying to assess their impact and the way sufferers cope with them. Methods: Following face-to-face interviews, a web-based, self-administered questionnaire was designed to capture a range of GI sensations using 34 questions and 12 images depicting abdominal symptoms...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758974/emotion-recognition-from-multichannel-eeg-signals-using-k-nearest-neighbor-classification
#11
Mi Li, Hongpei Xu, Xingwang Liu, Shengfu Lu
BACKGROUND: Many studies have been done on the emotion recognition based on multi-channel electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the influence of the emotion recognition accuracy of EEG signals in different frequency bands and different number of channels. METHODS: We classified the emotional states in the valence and arousal dimensions using different combinations of EEG channels. Firstly, DEAP default preprocessed data were normalized...
April 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758967/multi-subject-subspace-alignment-for-non-stationary-eeg-based-emotion-recognition
#12
Xin Chai, Qisong Wang, Yongping Zhao, Xin Liu, Dan Liu, Ou Bai
Emotion recognition based on EEG signal is a critical component in Human-Machine collaborative environments and psychiatric health diagnoses. However, EEG patterns have been found to vary across subjects due to user fatigue, different electrode placements, and varying impedances, etc. This problem renders the performance of EEG-based emotion recognition highly specific to subjects, requiring time-consuming individual calibration sessions to adapt an emotion recognition system to new subjects. Recently, domain adaptation (DA) strategies have achieved a great deal success in dealing with inter-subject adaptation...
April 22, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758166/does-online-technology-make-us-more-or-less-sociable-a-preliminary-review-and-call-for-research
#13
Adam Waytz, Kurt Gray
How does online technology affect sociability? Emerging evidence-much of it inconclusive-suggests a nuanced relationship between use of online technology (the Internet, social media, and virtual reality) and sociability (emotion recognition, empathy, perspective taking, and emotional intelligence). Although online technology can facilitate purely positive behavior (e.g., charitable giving) or purely negative behavior (e.g., cyberbullying), it appears to affect sociability in three ways, depending on whether it allows a deeper understanding of people's thoughts and feelings: (a) It benefits sociability when it complements already-deep offline engagement with others, (b) it impairs sociability when it supplants deeper offline engagement for superficial online engagement, and (c) it enhances sociability when deep offline engagement is otherwise difficult to attain...
May 1, 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757778/a-contemporary-analysis-of-medicolegal-issues-in-obstetric-anesthesia-between-2005-and-2015
#14
Vesela P Kovacheva, Ethan Y Brovman, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, Arvind Palanisamy, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Detailed reviews of closed malpractice claims have provided insights into the most common events resulting in litigation and helped improve anesthesia care. In the past 10 years, there have been multiple safety advancements in the practice of obstetric anesthesia. We investigated the relationship among contributing factors, patient injuries, and legal outcome by analyzing a contemporary cohort of closed malpractice claims where obstetric anesthesiology was the principal defendant...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755331/immediate-early-genes-memory-and-psychiatric-disorders-focus-on-c-fos-egr1-and-arc
#15
REVIEW
Francisco T Gallo, Cynthia Katche, Juan F Morici, Jorge H Medina, Noelia V Weisstaub
Many psychiatric disorders, despite their specific characteristics, share deficits in the cognitive domain including executive functions, emotional control and memory. However, memory deficits have been in many cases undervalued compared with other characteristics. The expression of Immediate Early Genes (IEGs) such as, c-fos , Egr1 and arc are selectively and promptly upregulated in learning and memory among neuronal subpopulations in regions associated with these processes. Changes in expression in these genes have been observed in recognition, working and fear related memories across the brain...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752249/virtual-antenatal-encounter-and-standardized-simulation-assessment-vanessa-pilot-study
#16
Patrick Motz, Megan Gray, Taylor Sawyer, Jennifer Kett, Douglas Danforth, Kellen Maicher, Rachel Umoren
BACKGROUND: Prenatal counseling at the limits of newborn viability involves sensitive interactions between neonatal providers and families. Empathetic discussions are currently learned through practice in times of high stress. Decision aids may help improve provider communication but have not been universally adopted. Virtual standardized patients are increasingly recognized as a modality for education, but prenatal counseling simulations have not been described. To be valuable as a tool, a virtual patient would need to accurately portray emotions and elicit a realistic response from the provider...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751931/effects-of-affective-and-emotional-congruency-on-facial-expression-processing-under-different-task-demands
#17
Luis Aguado, Natalia Martínez-García, Andrea Solís-Olce, Teresa Dieguez-Risco, José Antonio Hinojosa
Contextual influences on responses to facial expressions of emotion were studied using a context-target paradigm that allowed distinguishing the effects of affective congruency (context and target of same/different valence: positive or negative) and emotional congruency (context and target representing the same/different emotion: anger, fear, happiness). Sentences describing anger, fear or happiness-inducing events and faces expressing each of these emotions were used as contexts and targets, respectively. While between-valence comparisons (context and target of similar/different valence) revealed affective congruency effects, within-valence comparisons (context and target of similar valence and same/different emotion) revealed emotional congruency effects...
May 8, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751052/adra2b-deletion-variant-and-enhanced-cognitive-processing-of-emotional-information-a-meta-analytical-review
#18
REVIEW
Weizhen Xie, Marcus Cappiello, Ming Meng, Robert Rosenthal, Weiwei Zhang
This meta-analytical review examines whether a deletion variant in ADRA2B, a gene that encodes α2B adrenoceptor in the regulation of norepinephrine availability, influences cognitive processing of emotional information in human observers. Using a multilevel modeling approach, this meta-analysis of 16 published studies with a total of 2,752 participants showed that ADRA2B deletion variant was significantly associated with enhanced perceptual and cognitive task performance for emotional stimuli. In contrast, this genetic effect did not manifest in overall task performance when non-emotional content was used...
May 8, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745547/-research-on-the-effects-of-the-continuous-theta-burst-transcranial-magnetic-stimuli-on-brain-network-in-emotional-processing
#19
Qi Li, Dan Cao, Yingjie Li, Yingying Tang
The aim of this study is to explore the effects of continuous theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (cTBS) on functional brain network in emotion processing. Before and after the intervention of cTBS over left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) of ten participants who were asked to perform the emotion gender recognition task, we recorded their scalp electroencephalograms (EEG). Then we used the phase synchronization of EEG to measure the connectivity between two nodes. We then calculated the network efficiency to describe the efficiency of information transmission in brain regions...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745546/-an-improved-electroencephalogram-feature-extraction-algorithm-and-its-application-in-emotion-recognition
#20
Xin Li, Erjuan Cai, Yanxiu Tian, Xiaoqi Sun, Mengdi Fan
The result of the emotional state induced by music may provide theoretical support and help for assisted music therapy. The key to assessing the state of emotion is feature extraction of the emotional electroencephalogram (EEG). In this paper, we study the performance optimization of the feature extraction algorithm. A public multimodal database for emotion analysis using physiological signals (DEAP) proposed by Koelstra et al . was applied. Eight kinds of positive and negative emotions were extracted from the dataset, representing the data of fourteen channels from the different regions of brain...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
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