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recognition emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107682/happy-faces-sad-faces-emotion-understanding-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-language-impairments
#1
Carolien Rieffe, Carin H Wiefferink
BACKGROUND: The capacity for emotion recognition and understanding is crucial for daily social functioning. We examined to what extent this capacity is impaired in young children with a Language Impairment (LI). In typical development, children learn to recognize emotions in faces and situations through social experiences and social learning. Children with LI have less access to these experiences and are therefore expected to fall behind their peers without LI. METHOD: In this study, 89 preschool children with LI and 202 children without LI (mean age 3 years and 10 months in both groups) were tested on three indices for facial emotion recognition (discrimination, identification, and attribution in emotion evoking situations)...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104412/features-of-the-broader-autism-phenotype-in-people-with-epilepsy-support-shared-mechanisms-between-epilepsy-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Annie E Richard, Ingrid E Scheffer, Sarah J Wilson
RICHARD, A.E., I.E. Scheffer and S.J. Wilson. Features of the broader autism phenotype in people with epilepsy support shared mechanisms between epilepsy and autism spectrum disorder. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 21(1) XXX-XXX, 2016.- To inform on mechanisms underlying the comorbidity of epilepsy and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we conducted meta-analyses to test whether impaired facial emotion recognition (FER) and theory of mind (ToM), key phenotypic traits of ASD, are more common in people with epilepsy (PWE) than controls...
January 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099444/the-functional-significance-of-affect-recognition-neurocognition-and-clinical-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#3
Charles Lung-Cheng Huang, Sigmund Hsiao
OBJECTIVES: The complex relationship and exact extent of the contribution of plausible indictors to social functional outcome in schizophrenia remain unclear. The present study aimed to explore the functional significance of clinical symptoms, neurocognition, and affect recognition simultaneously in schizophrenia. METHODS: The clinical symptoms, basic neurocognition, facial emotion recognition, and social functioning of 154 subjects, including 74 with schizophrenia and 80 nonclinical comparisons, were assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095998/the-feasibility-and-clinical-benefits-of-improving-facial-affect-recognition-impairments-in-schizophrenia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Natalie Bordon, Suzanne O'Rourke, Paul Hutton
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with schizophrenia have significant difficulty accurately recognising emotions expressed by others. This may generate anomalous experiences which, if misinterpreted, could contribute to experiences of social defeat, psychotic symptoms and reduced social functioning. It remains unclear whether this impairment is responsive to non-pharmacological intervention, or what the effect of modifying it is. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine whether and to what extent facial affect recognition impairments can be improved by psychological intervention and, if so, whether this leads to improvements in psychotic symptoms and social functioning...
January 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095817/changes-in-event-related-potentials-in-patients-with-first-episode-schizophrenia-and-their-siblings
#5
Chengqing Yang, Tianhong Zhang, Zezhi Li, Anisha Heeramun-Aubeeluck, Na Liu, Nan Huang, Jie Zhang, Leiying He, Hui Li, Yingying Tang, Fazhan Chen, Jijun Wang, Zheng Lu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the characteristics of event-related potentials induced by facial emotion recognition in patients with first-episode schizophrenia and in their siblings. METHODS: In this case-control study, 30 first-episode schizophrenia patients, 26 siblings, and 30 healthy controls were enrolled. They completed facial emotion recognition tasks from the Ekman Standard Faces Database as an induction for evoked potentials. Evoked potential data were obtained using a 64-channel electroencephalography system...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095738/emotional-intelligence-as-an-evolutive-factor-on-adult-with-adhd
#6
Javier Quintero, Rosa Vera, Isabel Morales, Pilar Zuluaga, Alberto Fernández
OBJECTIVE: ADHD adults exhibit deficits in emotion recognition, regulation, and expression. Emotional intelligence (EI) correlates with better life performance and is considered a skill that can be learned and developed. The aim of this study was to assess EI development as ability in ADHD adults, considering the effect of comorbid psychiatric disorders and previous diagnosis of ADHD. METHOD: Participants ( n = 116) were distributed in four groups attending to current comorbidities and previous ADHD diagnosis, and administered the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test version 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095001/callousness-and-affective-face-processing-in-adults-behavioral-and-brain-potential-indicators
#7
Sarah J Brislin, James R Yancey, Emily R Perkins, Isabella M Palumbo, Laura E Drislane, Randall T Salekin, Kostas A Fanti, Eva R Kimonis, Paul J Frick, R James R Blair, Christopher J Patrick
The investigation of callous-unemotional (CU) traits has been central to contemporary research on child behavior problems, and served as the impetus for inclusion of a specifier for conduct disorder in the latest edition of the official psychiatric diagnostic system. Here, we report results from 2 studies that evaluated the construct validity of callousness as assessed in adults, by testing for affiliated deficits in behavioral and neural processing of fearful faces, as have been shown in youthful samples. We hypothesized that scores on an established measure of callousness would predict reduced recognition accuracy and diminished electocortical reactivity for fearful faces in adult participants...
January 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095000/the-challenge-of-abstract-concepts
#8
Anna M Borghi, Ferdinand Binkofski, Cristiano Castelfranchi, Felice Cimatti, Claudia Scorolli, Luca Tummolini
concepts ("freedom") differ from concrete ones ("cat"), as they do not have a bounded, identifiable, and clearly perceivable referent. The way in which abstract concepts are represented has recently become a topic of intense debate, especially because of the spread of the embodied approach to cognition. Within this framework concepts derive their meaning from the same perception, motor, and emotional systems that are involved in online interaction with the world. Most of the evidence in favor of this view, however, has been gathered with regard to concrete concepts...
January 16, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094169/a-12-week-randomized-controlled-trial-of-twice-daily-intranasal-oxytocin-for-social-cognitive-deficits-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#9
L Fredrik Jarskog, Cort A Pedersen, Jacqueline L Johnson, Robert M Hamer, Shane W Rau, Tonya Elliott, David L Penn
Social cognition is impaired in people with schizophrenia and these deficits are strongly correlated with social functioning. Oxytocin is a hypothalamic peptide that contributes to maternal infant bonding and has diverse pro-social effects in adults. This study tested the hypothesis that 12weeks of intranasal oxytocin will improve social cognitive function in outpatients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Sixty-eight eligible participants were randomized to oxytocin (24IU twice daily) or placebo...
January 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093278/similar-patterns-of-brain-activation-abnormalities-during-emotional-and-non-emotional-judgments-of-faces-in-a-schizophrenia-family-study
#10
Michael J Spilka, Vina M Goghari
Schizophrenia patients have impaired performance and abnormal brain activation during facial emotion recognition, which may represent a marker of genetic liability to schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether the impairment is specific to recognizing emotion from faces or is instead attributable to more generalized dysfunction. The current study aimed to distinguish between specific and generalized neural dysfunction underlying impaired facial emotion recognition in schizophrenia and examine associations with genetic liability...
January 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092789/facial-emotion-recognition-among-typically-developing-young-children-a-psychometric-validation-of-a-subset-of-nimstim-stimuli
#11
Lucy Barnard-Brak, Layla Abby, David M Richman, Steven Chesnut
We evaluated the psychometric properties of NimStim taking into account the effects of chronological age on the ability of typically developing young children (aged 2-6 years old) to recognize basic facial expressions (i.e., happy, sad, angry, and fearful). We also examined the psychometric sufficiency of NimStim under race-matched and -mismatched facial emotion stimuli. In the current study, race-matched stimuli referred to when children with African American backgrounds received African American faces to rate their emotions and vice versa for race-mismatched stimuli...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092119/preserved-affective-sharing-but-impaired-decoding-of-contextual-complex-emotions-in-alcohol-dependence
#12
Delphine Grynberg, Pierre Maurage, Jean-Louis Nandrino
BACKGROUND: Prior research has repeatedly shown that alcohol dependence is associated with a large range of impairments in psychological processes, which could lead to interpersonal deficits. Specifically, it has been suggested that these interpersonal difficulties are underpinned by reduced recognition and sharing of others' emotional states. However, this pattern of deficits remains to be clarified. The present study thus aimed to investigate whether alcohol dependence is associated with impaired abilities in decoding contextual complex emotions and with altered sharing of others' emotions...
January 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087544/children-s-experiences-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#13
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081348/the-effect-of-basolateral-amygdala-nucleus-lesion-on-memory-under-acute-mid-and-chronic-stress-in-male-rats
#14
Hoda Ranjbar, Maryam Radahmadi, Hojjatallah Alaei, Parham Reisi, Sara Karimi
BACKGROUND/AIM: The basolateral amygdala (BLA) modulates memory for emotional events and is involved in both stress and memory. This study investigated different durations of stress and the role of BLA on serum corticosterone level and spatial and cognitive memory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different durations of stress (acute, mid, and chronic stress), with and without BLA lesion were induced in rats by 6 h/day restraint stress for 1, 7, and 21 days. Memory functions were evaluated by novel object recognition (NOR) and object location test (OLT)...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080087/perceptual-salience-does-not-influence-emotional-arousal-s-impairing-effects-on-top-down-attention
#15
Matthew R Sutherland, Douglas A McQuiggan, Jennifer D Ryan, Mara Mather
Emotional arousal impairs top-down attentional control while strengthening bottom-up attentional biases. In this study, we examined whether top-down impairments due to arousal can be modulated by increasing the perceptual salience of the target stimulus. To examine this question, we briefly displayed positive and negative arousing images prior to the encoding of 2 emotionally neutral items, 1 of which was to be remembered and 1 of which was perceptually salient (the to-be-remembered and the salient items were either the same item or different items)...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078095/what-factors-influence-ward-nurses-recognition-of-and-response-to-patient-deterioration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Debbie Massey, Wendy Chaboyer, Vinah Anderson
AIM: In this integrative review, we aimed to: first, identify and summarize published studies relating to ward nurses' recognition of and response to patient deterioration; second, to critically evaluate studies that described or appraised the practice of ward nurses in recognizing and responding to patient deterioration; and third, identify gaps in the literature for further research. DESIGN: An integrative review. METHODS: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Ovid Medline, Informit and Google Scholar databases were accessed for the years 1990-2014...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077170/prosodic-processing-post-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#17
Gabriela Ilie, Michael D Cusimano, Wenshan Li
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors often report difficulties with understanding and producing paralinguistic cues, as well as understanding and producing basic communication tasks. However, a large range of communicative deficits in this population cannot be adequately explained by linguistic impairment. The review examines prosodic processing performance post-TBI, its relationship with injury severity, brain injury localization, recovery and co-occurring psychiatric or mental health issues post-TBI METHODS: A systematic review using several databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, LLBA (Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstract) and Web of Science (January 1980 to May 2015), as well as a manual search of the cited references of the selected articles and the search cited features of PubMed was performed...
January 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073433/misperceptions-and-parkinson-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Joseph H Friedman
Most of the neurobehavioral aspects of Parkinson's disease have been well established and studied, but many are not well known, and hardly studied. This article focuses on several behavioral abnormalities that are common, and frequently cause difficulty for the patient and family due to lack of recognition as part of the disease. While it is well known that L-Dopa dyskinesias are frequently not recognized or under appreciated by patients, a similar lack of recognition may affect the patient's own speech volume, where their center of gravity is located, whether they are tilted to one side, and their under-recognition of others' emotional displays...
January 4, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073327/nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-disease
#19
Rosanna Palmeri, Lo Viviana Buono, Francesco Corallo, Maria Foti, Di Giuseppe Lorenzo, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor and nonmotor symptoms. Nonmotor symptoms include cognitive deficits and impairment in emotions recognition ability associated with loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and with alteration in frontostriatal circuits. In this review, we analyzed the studies on social cognition ability in patients with PD. We searched on PubMed and Web of Science databases and screening references of included studied and review articles for additional citations...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#20
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
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