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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332264/the-role-of-affect-and-coping-in-diabetes-self-management-in-rural-adults-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-and-depressive-symptoms
#1
Shannon R Miles, Tasneem Khambaty, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
Many patients with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar levels and remain at risk for serious diabetes complications, despite access to effective diabetes treatments and services. Using the transactional model of stress and coping framework, the study investigated the contributions of affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and coping (maladaptive and adaptive coping from the Brief Cope) on diabetes self-management behaviors, namely diet and exercise. One hundred seventy-eight rural adults with uncontrolled diabetes and moderate depressive symptoms completed the measures...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#2
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327279/emotion-recognition-and-psychological-comorbidity-in-friedreich-s-ataxia
#3
Teresa Costabile, Veronica Capretti, Filomena Abate, Agnese Liguori, Francesca Paciello, Chiara Pane, Anna De Rosa, Silvio Peluso, Giuseppe De Michele, Alessandro Filla, Francesco Saccà
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive disease presenting with ataxia, corticospinal signs, peripheral neuropathy, and cardiac abnormalities. Little effort has been made to understand the psychological and emotional burden of the disease. The aim of our study was to measure patients' ability to recognize emotions using visual and non-verbal auditory hints, and to correlate this ability with psychological, neuropsychological, and neurological variables. We included 20 patients with FRDA, and 20 age, sex, and education matched healthy controls (HC)...
January 11, 2018: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323522/demoralization-and-embitterment
#4
Maria Giulia Nanni, Rosangela Caruso, Silvana Sabato, Luigi Grassi
OBJECTIVE: Individuals may experience a wide range of psychological reactions in response to negative life events. Even if events that threaten life have been always played a central role in research, recent studies have outlined that experiences, considered exceptional but part of the human existence (e.g., divorce, unemployment, or chronic illness) may also lead individuals to experience enduring emotional states of suffering. Demoralization has been substantially described as an important condition occurring in response to stressful events, while a recent interest is growing on embitterment as a common reaction...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316648/effects-of-early-neglect-experience-on-recognition-and-processing-of-facial-expressions-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Victoria Doretto, Sandra Scivoletto
Background: Child neglect is highly prevalent and associated with a series of biological and social consequences. Early neglect may alter the recognition of emotional faces, but its precise impact remains unclear. We aim to review and analyze data from recent literature about recognition and processing of facial expressions in individuals with history of childhood neglect. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, PsycINFO, ScIELO and EMBASE databases in the search of studies for the past 10 years...
January 6, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315194/relations-between-self-reported-executive-functioning-and-speech-perception-skills-in-adult-cochlear-implant-users
#6
Aaron C Moberly, Tirth R Patel, Irina Castellanos
HYPOTHESIS: As a result of their hearing loss, adults with cochlear implants (CIs) would self-report poorer executive functioning (EF) skills than normal-hearing (NH) peers, and these EF skills would be associated with performance on speech recognition tasks. BACKGROUND: EF refers to a group of high order neurocognitive skills responsible for behavioral and emotional regulation during goal-directed activity, and EF has been found to be poorer in children with CIs than their NH age-matched peers...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306887/developing-professional-caregivers-empathy-and-emotional-competencies-through-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-results-of-two-proof-of-concept-studies
#7
Martin Lamothe, Pierre McDuff, Yves D Pastore, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)-based intervention and determine if the intervention is associated with a significant signal on empathy and emotional competencies. DESIGN: Two pre-post proof-of-concept studies. SETTING: Participants were recruited at the University of Montreal's Psychology Department (Study 1) and the CHU Sainte-Justine Department of Hematology-Oncology (Study 2)...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304386/the-neurobiology-of-self-face-recognition-among-depressed-adolescents
#8
Karina Quevedo, Madeline Harms, Mitchell Sauder, Hannah Scott, Sumaya Mohamed, Kathleen M Thomas, Michael-Paul Schallmo, Garry Smyda
OBJECTIVE: Depression is linked to alterations in both emotion and self-processing. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess neural activation in healthy and depressed youth to a novel task that combined emotion processing with self-face recognition. METHODS: An fMRI study involving 81 adolescents (50.6% females; Mage=14.61, SD=1.65) comprised of depressed (DEP, n=43), and healthy controls (HC, n=38). Participants completed a clinical interview and self-report measures during an initial assessment...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299378/moral-processing-deficit-in-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-is-associated-with-facial-emotion-recognition-and-brain-changes-in-default-mode-and-salience-network-areas
#9
Jan Van den Stock, Daphne Stam, François-Laurent De Winter, Dante Mantini, Benedikt Szmrecsanyi, Koen Van Laere, Rik Vandenberghe, Mathieu Vandenbulcke
Introduction: Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is associated with abnormal emotion recognition and moral processing. Methods: We assessed emotion detection, discrimination, matching, selection, and categorization as well as judgments of nonmoral, moral impersonal, moral personal low- and high-conflict scenarios. Results: bvFTD patients gave more utilitarian responses on low-conflict personal moral dilemmas. There was a significant correlation between a facial emotion processing measure derived through principal component analysis and utilitarian responses on low-conflict personal scenarios in the bvFTD group (controlling for MMSE-score and syntactic abilities)...
December 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297992/emotional-context-modulates-micro-expression-processing-as-reflected-in-event-related-potentials
#10
Ming Zhang, Qiufang Fu, Yu-Hsin Chen, Xiaolan Fu
Micro-expression recognition is influenced by emotional contexts at the behavioral level. It is found that the recognition for micro-expressions is poorer following a negative context compared to the recognition following a neutral context. However, it remains unclear whether the modulation takes place in the early or later stage of the processing of micro-expressions as reflected in event-related potentials (ERPs). Using synthesized micro-expressions in this study, we investigated how emotional context modulates the ERP components that are elicited by micro-expressions...
January 3, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297324/subject-independent-emotion-recognition-based-on-physiological-signals-a-three-stage-decision-method
#11
Jing Chen, Bin Hu, Yue Wang, Philip Moore, Yongqiang Dai, Lei Feng, Zhijie Ding
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between humans and computers has become pervasive and ubiquitous, however current computer systems are limited in that they fail to address the emotional component. An accurate understanding of human emotions is necessary for these computers to trigger proper feedback. Among multiple emotional channels, physiological signals are synchronous with emotional responses; therefore, analyzing physiological changes is a recognized way to estimate human emotions. In this paper, a three-stage decision method is proposed to recognize four emotions based on physiological signals in the multi-subject context...
December 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295578/devices-for-ambulatory-monitoring-of-sleep-associated-disorders-in-children-with-neurological-diseases
#12
Adriana Ulate-Campos, Melissa Tsuboyama, Tobias Loddenkemper
Good sleep quality is essential for a child's wellbeing. Early sleep problems have been linked to the later development of emotional and behavioral disorders and can negatively impact the quality of life of the child and his or her family. Sleep-associated conditions are frequent in the pediatric population, and even more so in children with neurological problems. Monitoring devices can help to better characterize sleep efficiency and sleep quality. They can also be helpful to better characterize paroxysmal nocturnal events and differentiate between nocturnal seizures, parasomnias, and obstructive sleep apnea, each of which has a different management...
December 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289675/dissociation-of-immediate-and-delayed-effects-of-emotional-arousal-on-episodic-memory
#13
Dirk Schümann, Janine Bayer, Deborah Talmi, Tobias Sommer
Emotionally arousing events are usually better remembered than neutral ones. This phenomenon is in humans mostly studied by presenting mixed lists of neutral and emotional items. An emotional enhancement of memory is observed in these studies often already immediately after encoding and increases with longer delays and consolidation. A large body of animal research showed that the more efficient consolidation of emotionally arousing events is based on an activation of the central noradrenergic system and the amygdala (Modulation Hypothesis; Roozendaal & McGaugh, 2011)...
December 28, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282160/emotion-recognition-correlates-with-social-neuropsychiatric-dysfunction-in-huntington-s-disease
#14
Clare L Kempnich, Sophie C Andrews, Fiona Fisher, Dana Wong, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Julie C Stout
OBJECTIVES: People with Huntington's disease (HD) experience poor social quality of life, relationship breakdown, and social withdrawal, which are mediated to some extent by socially debilitating neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as apathy and disinhibition. Social cognitive symptoms, such as impaired emotion recognition, also occur in HD, however, the extent of their association with these socially debilitating neuropsychiatric symptoms is unknown. Our study examined the relationship between emotion recognition and symptom ratings of apathy and disinhibition in HD...
December 28, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280957/emotional-encoding-context-leads-to-memory-bias-in-individuals-with-high-anxiety
#15
Christopher Lee, Myra A Fernandes
We investigated whether anxious individuals, who adopt an inherently negative mindset, demonstrate a particularly salient memory bias for words tainted by negative contexts. To this end, sequentially presented target words, overlayed onto negative or neutral pictures, were studied in separate blocks (within-subjects) using a deep or shallow encoding instruction (between-subjects). Following study, in Test 1, participants completed separate recognition test blocks for the words overlayed onto the negative and the neutral contexts...
December 27, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275843/transdiagnostic-deviant-facial-recognition-for-implicit-negative-emotion-in-autism-and-schizophrenia
#16
Angela Ciaramidaro, Sven Bölte, Sabine Schlitt, Daniela Hainz, Fritz Poustka, Bernhard Weber, Christine Freitag, Henrik Walter
Impaired facial affect recognition (FAR) is observed in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and has been linked to amygdala and fusiform gyrus dysfunction. ASD patient's impairments seem to be more pronounced during implicit rather than explicit FAR, whereas for schizophrenia data are inconsistent. However, there are no studies comparing both patient groups in an identical design. The aim of this three-group study was to identify (i) whether FAR alterations are equally present in both groups, (ii) whether they are present rather during implicit or explicit FAR, (iii) and whether they are conveyed by similar or disorder-specific neural mechanisms...
December 21, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275839/the-multifaceted-role-of-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-in-emotion-decision-making-social-cognition-and-psychopathology
#17
REVIEW
Jaryd Hiser, Michael Koenigs
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has been implicated in a variety of social, cognitive, and affective functions that are commonly disrupted in mental illness. In this review, we summarize data from a diverse array of human and animal studies demonstrating that the vmPFC is a key node of cortical and subcortical networks that subserve at least three broad domains of psychological function linked to psychopathology. One track of research indicates that the vmPFC is critical for the representation of reward- and value-based decision making, through interactions with the ventral striatum and amygdala...
November 20, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275193/transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-tvns-enhances-recognition-of-emotions-in-faces-but-not-bodies
#18
Roberta Sellaro, Beatrice de Gelder, Alessandra Finisguerra, Lorenza S Colzato
The polyvagal theory suggests that the vagus nerve is the key phylogenetic substrate enabling optimal social interactions, a crucial aspect of which is emotion recognition. A previous study showed that the vagus nerve plays a causal role in mediating people's ability to recognize emotions based on images of the eye region. The aim of this study is to verify whether the previously reported causal link between vagal activity and emotion recognition can be generalized to situations in which emotions must be inferred from images of whole faces and bodies...
November 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274357/the-role-of-temporal-inversion-in-the-perception-of-realistic-and-morphed-dynamic-transitions-between-facial-expressions
#19
Olga A Korolkova
Recent studies suggest that video recordings of human facial expressions are perceived differently than linear morphing between the first and last frames of these records. Also, observers can differentiate dynamic expressions presented in normal versus time-reversed frame orders. To date, the simultaneous influence of dynamics (natural or linear) and timeline (normal or reversed) has not yet been tested on a wide range of dynamic emotional expressions and the transitions between them. We compared the perception of dynamic transitions between basic emotions in realistic (human-posed) and artificial (linearly morphed) stimuli which were presented in reversed or non-reversed order...
December 20, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274008/selective-impairment-of-basic-emotion-recognition-in-people-with-autism-discrimination-thresholds-for-recognition-of-facial-expressions-of-varying-intensities
#20
Yongning Song, Yuji Hakoda
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by early onset qualitative impairments in reciprocal social development. However, whether individuals with ASD exhibit impaired recognition of facial expressions corresponding to basic emotions is debatable. To investigate subtle deficits in facial emotion recognition, we asked 14 children diagnosed with high-functioning autism (HFA)/AS and 17 typically developing peers to complete a new highly sensitive test of facial emotion recognition. The test stimuli comprised faces expressing increasing degrees of emotional intensity that slowly changed from a neutral to a full-intensity happiness, sadness, surprise, anger, disgust, or fear expression...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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