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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323534/children-s-recognition-of-emotional-facial-expressions-through-photographs-and-drawings
#1
Claire Brechet
The author's purpose was to examine children's recognition of emotional facial expressions, by comparing two types of stimulus: photographs and drawings. The author aimed to investigate whether drawings could be considered as a more evocative material than photographs, as a function of age and emotion. Five- and 7-year-old children were presented with photographs and drawings displaying facial expressions of 4 basic emotions (i.e., happiness, sadness, anger, and fear) and were asked to perform a matching task by pointing to the face corresponding to the target emotion labeled by the experimenter...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319785/the-long-and-complex-road-in-the-search-for-treatment-for-mental-disorders-an-analysis-of-the-process-in-five-groups-of-patients
#2
Gema Del Valle, Amparo Belloch, Carmen Carrió
Seeking treatment for mental-health problems is a complex process, with different underlying motives in each stage. However, the entire process and these motives have hardly been investigated. This study aims to analyze the different stages of the help-seeking process and their underlying motives in five groups of patients with different mental disorders. In all, 156 patients seeking treatment in outpatient mental health clinics were individually interviewed: 71 had Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), 21 had Agoraphobia (AGO), 18 had Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), 20 had Anorexia Nervosa (AN), and 22 had Cocaine Dependence (COC)...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318281/facial-emotion-recognition-face-scan-paths-and-face-perception-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#3
Amelia K Lewis, Melanie A Porter, Tracey A Williams, Samantha Bzishvili, Kathryn N North, Jonathan M Payne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate face scan paths and face perception abilities in children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and how these might relate to emotion recognition abilities in this population. METHOD: The authors investigated facial emotion recognition, face scan paths, and face perception in 29 children with NF1 compared to 29 chronological age-matched typically developing controls. Correlations between facial emotion recognition, face scan paths, and face perception in children with NF1 were examined...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314521/orienting-reaction-may-help-recognition-of-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#4
Murat Yalçın, Evrim Tellioğlu, Ayşegül Gündüz, Mine Özmen, Naz Yeni, Çiğdem Özkara, Meral E Kiziltan
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are abrupt, paroxysmal changes in behavior or consciousness that may phenomenologically resemble epileptic seizures. Given the known association between anxiety and PNES, we hypothesized that in these subjects there may be evidence that the nervous system is hypersensitive to external stimuli. We aimed to test our hypothesis by means of the auditory startle reaction (ASR). By investigating ASR, we also had the opportunity to test presence of orienting reaction, which is generally defined as the second phase of response after the auditory stimulus, with longer latency...
March 14, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304290/the-efficacy-of-emotion-recognition-rehabilitation-for-people-with-alzheimer-s%C3%A2-disease
#5
J Antonio García-Casal, Miguel Goñi-Imizcoz, M Victoria Perea-Bartolomé, Felipe Soto-Pérez, Sarah Jane Smith, Sara Calvo-Simal, Manuel Franco-Martín
BACKGROUND: The ability to recognize emotional expression is essential for social interactions, adapting to the environment and quality of life. Emotion recognition is impaired in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD), thus rehabilitation of these skills has the potential to elicit significant benefits. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to establish whether emotion recognition capacity could be rehabilitated in people with AD. METHODS: Thirty-six participants with AD were assigned to one of three conditions: an experimental group (EG) that received 20 sessions of rehabilitation of emotion recognition and 20 sessions of cognitive stimulation therapy (CST), a control group (CG) that received 40 sessions of CST, and a treatment as usual group (TAU)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302161/cognitive-profile-in-prodromal-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#6
Jennifer Kemp, Nathalie Philippi, Clélie Phillipps, Catherine Demuynck, Timothée Albasser, Catherine Martin-Hunyadi, Catherine Schmidt-Mutter, Benjamin Cretin, Frédéric Blanc
BACKGROUND: Cortical and subcortical cognitive impairments have been found in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Roughly, they comprise visuoconstructive and executive dysfunction, whereas memory would remain relatively spared. However, the cognitive profile of patients with prodromal DLB remains poorly illustrated to date. METHODS: We included 37 patients with prodromal DLB (age 67.2 ± 8.6 years, 18 men, Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE] score 27.4 ± 2) and 29 healthy control subjects (HCs; age 68...
March 16, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299412/tdcs-application-over-the-stg-improves-the-ability-to-recognize-and-appreciate-elements-involved-in-humor-processing
#7
Mirella Manfredi, Alice Mado Proverbio, Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Sofia Macarini Gonçalves Vieira, William Edgar Comfort, Mariana De Araújo Andreoli, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
The superior temporal gyrus (STG) has been found to play a crucial role in the recognition of actions and facial expressions and may, therefore, be critical for the processing of humorous information. Here we investigated whether tDCS application to the STG would modulate the ability to recognize and appreciate the comic element in serious and comedic situations of misfortune. To this aim, the effects of different types of tDCS stimulation on the STG were analyzed during a task in which the participants were instructed to categorize various misfortunate situations as "comic" or "not comic"...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292815/predictors-of-job-satisfaction-among-academic-family-medicine-faculty-findings-from-a-faculty-work-life-and-leadership-survey
#8
Paul Krueger, David White, Christopher Meaney, Jeffrey Kwong, Viola Antao, Florence Kim
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of job satisfaction among academic family medicine faculty members. DESIGN: A comprehensive Web-based survey of all faculty members in an academic department of family medicine. Bivariate and multivariable analyses (logistic regression) were used to identify variables associated with job satisfaction. SETTING: The Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of Toronto in Ontario and its 15 affiliated community teaching hospitals and community-based teaching practices...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288532/emotion-recognition-and-social-skills-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-schizophrenia
#9
Leslie E Horton, Miranda A Bridgwater, Gretchen L Haas
INTRODUCTION: Emotion recognition, a social cognition domain, is impaired in people with schizophrenia and contributes to social dysfunction. Whether impaired emotion recognition emerges as a manifestation of illness or predates symptoms is unclear. Findings from studies of emotion recognition impairments in first-degree relatives of people with schizophrenia are mixed and, to our knowledge, no studies have investigated the link between emotion recognition and social functioning in that population...
March 13, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284777/social-cognition-in-first-degree-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Emre Bora, Ayşegül Özerdem
Cognitive impairment is evident euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BP) and in their first-degree relatives (BP-Rel). Increasing evidence suggests that BP is also associated with social cognitive impairment. It is important to establish whether social cognitive impairment is also evident in BP-Rel. A novel meta-analysis of theory of mind (ToM) and facial emotion recognition in BP-Rel including 16 studies (728 first-degree relatives of patients with BP and 865 healthy controls) was conducted. ToM (d=0.34, CI=0...
March 8, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283141/the-economic-and-social-impact-of-informal-caregivers-at-mulago-national-referral-hospital-kampala-uganda
#11
Mitra Sadigh, Faith Nawagi, Majid Sadigh
BACKGROUND: The severe deficit of health care workers in Uganda necessitates hospitalized patients to be cared for by a relative. These informal caregivers constitute a crucial component of patient care. Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda, is one of the nation's national referral hospitals, receiving very sick patients. Although studies have been conducted on challenges facing informal caregivers in the home setting, no study has addressed the caregiver burden in the hospital setting...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282400/developing-a-benchmark-for-emotional-analysis-of-music
#12
Anna Aljanaki, Yi-Hsuan Yang, Mohammad Soleymani
Music emotion recognition (MER) field rapidly expanded in the last decade. Many new methods and new audio features are developed to improve the performance of MER algorithms. However, it is very difficult to compare the performance of the new methods because of the data representation diversity and scarcity of publicly available data. In this paper, we address these problems by creating a data set and a benchmark for MER. The data set that we release, a MediaEval Database for Emotional Analysis in Music (DEAM), is the largest available data set of dynamic annotations (valence and arousal annotations for 1,802 songs and song excerpts licensed under Creative Commons with 2Hz time resolution)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282081/-impact-of-facial-emotional-recognition-alterations-in-dementia-of-the-alzheimer-type
#13
Wanda Rubinstein, Florencia Cossini, Daniel Politis
Face recognition of basic emotions is independent of other deficits in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Among these deficits, there is disagreement about what emotions are more difficult to recognize. Our aim was to study the presence of alterations in the process of facial recognition of basic emotions, and to investigate if there were differences in the recognition of each type of emotion in Alzheimer's disease. With three tests of recognition of basic facial emotions we evaluated 29 patients who had been diagnosed with dementia of the Alzheimer type and 18 control subjects...
July 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279679/preventive-healthcare-for-young-children-a-systematic-review-of-interventions-in-primary-care
#14
REVIEW
Karyn E Alexander, Bianca Brijnath, Ruby Biezen, Kerry Hampton, Danielle Mazza
High rates of preventable health problems amongst children in economically developed countries have prompted governments to seek pathways for early intervention. We systematically reviewed the literature to discover what primary care-targeted interventions increased preventive healthcare (e.g. review child development, growth, vision screening, social-emotional health) for preschool children, excluding vaccinations. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases were searched for published intervention studies, between years 2000 and 2014, which reflected preventive health activities for preschool children, delivered by health practitioners...
March 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278741/the-role-of-motion-and-intensity-in-deaf-children-s-recognition-of-real-human-facial-expressions-of-emotion
#15
Anna C Jones, Roberto Gutierrez, Amanda K Ludlow
There is substantial evidence to suggest that deafness is associated with delays in emotion understanding, which has been attributed to delays in language acquisition and opportunities to converse. However, studies addressing the ability to recognise facial expressions of emotion have produced equivocal findings. The two experiments presented here attempt to clarify emotion recognition in deaf children by considering two aspects: the role of motion and the role of intensity in deaf children's emotion recognition...
February 14, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278165/indomethacin-counteracts-the-effects-of-chronic-social-defeat-stress-on-emotional-but-not-recognition-memory-in-mice
#16
Aránzazu Duque, Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Santiago Monleón
We have previously observed the impairing effects of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) on emotional memory in mice. Given the relation between stress and inflammatory processes, we sought to study the effectiveness of the anti-inflammatory indomethacin in reversing the detrimental effects of CSDS on emotional memory in mice. The effects of CSDS and indomethacin on recognition memory were also evaluated. Male CD1 mice were randomly divided into four groups: non-stressed + saline (NS+SAL); non-stressed + indomethacin (NS+IND); stressed + saline (S+SAL); and stressed + indomethacin (S+IND)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275895/-emotiplay-a-serious-game-for-learning-about-emotions-in-children-with-autism-results-of-a-cross-cultural-evaluation
#17
S Fridenson-Hayo, S Berggren, A Lassalle, S Tal, D Pigat, N Meir-Goren, H O'Reilly, S Ben-Zur, S Bölte, S Baron-Cohen, O Golan
Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) experience difficulties recognizing others' emotions and mental states. It has been shown that serious games (SG) can produce simplified versions of the socio-emotional world. The current study performed a cross-cultural evaluation (in the UK, Israel and Sweden) of Emotiplay's SG, a system aimed to teach emotion recognition (ER) to children with ASC in an entertaining, and intrinsically motivating way. Participants were 6-9 year olds with high functioning ASC who used the SG for 8-12 weeks...
March 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269564/a-wearable-device-for-emotional-recognition-using-facial-expression-and-physiological-response
#18
Jangho Kwon, Da-Hye Kim, Wanjoo Park, Laehyun Kim
This paper introduces a glasses-typed wearable system to detect user's emotions using facial expression and physiological responses. The system is designed to acquire facial expression through a built-in camera and physiological responses such as photoplethysmogram (PPG) and electrodermal activity (EDA) in unobtrusive way. We used video clips for induced emotions to test the system suitability in the experiment. The results showed a few meaningful properties that associate emotions with facial expressions and physiological responses captured by the developed wearable device...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269280/identification-of-emotion-associated-brain-functional-network-with-phase-locking-value
#19
V Gonuguntla, R Mallipeddi, K C Veluvolu
Recognition of discriminative brain functional network pattern and regions corresponding to emotions are important in understanding the neuron functional network underlying the human emotion process. Emotion models mapping onto brain is possible with the help of emotion-specific network patterns and its corresponding brain regions. This paper presents a method to identify emotion related functional connectivity pattern and their distinctive associated regions using EEG phase synchrony (phase locking value (PLV)) connectivity analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269067/on-the-pleasantness-of-a-haptic-stimulation-how-different-textures-can-be-recognized-through-heart-rate-variability-nonlinear-analysis
#20
Mimma Nardelli, Alberto Greco, Matteo Bianchi, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo, Gaetano Valenza
The hedonic attributes of cutaneous elicitation play a crucial role in everyday life, influencing our behavior and psychophysical state. However, the correlation between such a hedonic aspect of touch and the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)-related physiological response, which is intimately connected to emotions, still needs to be deeply investigated. This study reports on caress-like stimuli conveyed to the forearm of 32 healthy subjects through different fabrics actuated by a haptic device, which can control both the strength (i...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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