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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812271/oxytocin-and-interpersonal-relationships
#1
Alexandra Patin, Dirk Scheele, Rene Hurlemann
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has emerged as a potent modulator of diverse aspects of interpersonal relationships. OT appears to work in close interaction with several other neurotransmitter networks, including the dopaminergic reward circuit, and to be dependent on sex-specific hormonal influences. In this chapter, we focus on four main domains of OT and interpersonal relationships, including (1) the protective effect of OT on an individual's ability to withstand stress (i.e., stress buffering), (2) the effect of OT on emotion recognition and empathy, (3) OT's ability to enhance social synchrony and cooperation among individuals, and (4) the effect of OT on an individual's perception of social touch...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#2
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809848/a-multimodal-dataset-for-various-forms-of-distracted-driving
#3
Salah Taamneh, Panagiotis Tsiamyrtzis, Malcolm Dcosta, Pradeep Buddharaju, Ashik Khatri, Michael Manser, Thomas Ferris, Robert Wunderlich, Ioannis Pavlidis
We describe a multimodal dataset acquired in a controlled experiment on a driving simulator. The set includes data for n=68 volunteers that drove the same highway under four different conditions: No distraction, cognitive distraction, emotional distraction, and sensorimotor distraction. The experiment closed with a special driving session, where all subjects experienced a startle stimulus in the form of unintended acceleration-half of them under a mixed distraction, and the other half in the absence of a distraction...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805434/the-differential-influences-of-parenting-and-child-narrative-coherence-on-the-development-of-emotion-recognition
#4
Sara R Berzenski, Tuppett M Yates
The ability to recognize and label emotions serves as a building block by which children make sense of the world and learn how to interact with social partners. However, the timing and salience of influences on emotion recognition development are not fully understood. Path analyses evaluated the contributions of parenting and child narrative coherence to the development of emotion recognition across ages 4 through 8 in a diverse (50% female; 46% Hispanic, 18.4% Black, 11.2% White, .4% Asian, 24.0% multiracial) longitudinally followed sample of 250 caregiver-child dyads...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804519/dealing-with-the-death-of-a-long-term-patient-what-is-the-impact-and-how-do-podiatrists-cope
#5
Kristy Robson, Cylie M Williams
BACKGROUND: It is common for podiatrists and patients to develop long term professional relationships. Patient's decline in health or death may impact a practitioner's mental wellbeing. This research aimed to understand the impact of long term patient death on podiatrists and identify coping strategies. METHOD: Australian podiatrists were eligible to participate if they had been practicing longer than 5 years and experienced the death of a long term patient in the previous 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#6
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799517/imaging-biomarkers-of-anti-epileptic-drug-action-insights-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Lorenzo Caciagli, Fenglai Xiao, Britta Wandschneider, Matthias J Koepp
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of patients with epilepsy are refractory to medical treatment. Adverse effects associated with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) are considered to affect quality of life often more than seizures themselves. Neuroimaging techniques, particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have proven instrumental in clinical decision making in relation to epilepsy surgery, but may also provide further insights into the mechanisms underlying treatment response and side effects associated with AEDs...
August 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799475/can-staff-be-supported-to-deliver-compassionate-care-through-implementing-schwartz-rounds-in-community-and-mental-health-services
#8
Michelle Farr, Rhiannon Barker
Schwartz Rounds are evidence-based interdisciplinary discussions where health care staff can share experiences of the emotional and social aspects of care, to support improvements in patient care. Developed in acute services, they are now being implemented in various settings including U.K. community and mental health services where their implementation has not been researched. Realist evaluation was used to analyze three community and mental health case studies of Round implementation, involving Round observations ( n = 5), staff interviews ( n = 22), and post-Round evaluation sheets ( n = 206)...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798717/identifying-features-of-bodily-expression-as-indicators-of-emotional-experience-during-multimedia-learning
#9
Valentin Riemer, Julian Frommel, Georg Layher, Heiko Neumann, Claudia Schrader
The importance of emotions experienced by learners during their interaction with multimedia learning systems, such as serious games, underscores the need to identify sources of information that allow the recognition of learners' emotional experience without interrupting the learning process. Bodily expression is gaining in attention as one of these sources of information. However, to date, the question of how bodily expression can convey different emotions has largely been addressed in research relying on acted emotion displays...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798378/perception-of-facial-expressions-reveals-selective-affect-biased-attention-in-humans-and-orangutans
#10
Carla Pritsch, Silke Telkemeyer, Cordelia Mühlenbeck, Katja Liebal
Rapid detection and recognition of another individual's emotional state plays a pivotal role for humans and, most likely, other social species. Proper reactions contribute to an individual's survival in potentially dangerous situations; this is ensured by a preferential attention towards salient cues. The predisposition to attend to certain categories of affectively salient stimuli- also referred to as affect-biased attention - is likely shared with other species, since fast detection of and appropriate reaction to threats is crucial to survival...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796560/facial-emotion-decoding-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Marco De Risi, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Angelo Picardi, Sara Casciato, Liliana G Grammaldo, Alfredo D'Aniello, Deborah Lanni, Stefano Meletti, Nicola Modugno
PURPOSE: In line with the growing attention on non-motor symptoms and disturbance of affective and emotional processing in Parkinson's disease, we aimed to study different aspects of facial emotion expression evaluation in a group of PD without cognitive decline in treatment with common antiparkinsonian drugs, matched for sex, age, and education with healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 30 patients (13 male; mean age: 63.3±6.7; mean age of disease onset: 56...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792991/vignettes-and-differential-health-reporting-results-from-the-japanese-world-health-survey
#12
Md Ismail Tareque, Nayu Ikeda, Atsushi Koshio, Toshihiko Hasegawa
We examined the factors associated with the evaluation of health description vignettes and how Japanese people make decisions related to the eight health dimensions (mobility, emotions, pain, relationship with others, sleep and energy, vision, recognition/remembering abilities, and self-care). We investigated a dataset of 4,959 respondents (≥ 18 years) from the Japanese World Health Survey. Ordered probit models were used to identify factors associated with all health dimensions. On all dimensions, older people appraised extreme problems as less problematic than young people did...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790830/social-training-cognition-in-schizophrenia-a-pilot-study
#13
Davide Palumbo, Armida Mucci, Giuseppe Piegari, Valentina D'Alise, Annapaola Mazza, Silvana Galderisi
The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the efficacy of a new social cognition (SC) remediation intervention, the Social Cognition Individualized Activities Lab (SoCIAL), for subjects with schizophrenia. The training includes a module for emotion recognition and one for theory of mind. A comparison with a validated cognitive remediation intervention, the Social Skills And Neurocognitive Individualized Training (SSANIT), was conducted to verify the efficacy of the SoCIAL in improving SC. Ten stabilized patients with schizophrenia accepted to participate...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780903/communication-about-emotions-during-storybook-reading-effects-of-an-instruction-programme-for-children-with-down-syndrome
#14
Ji Young Na, Krista M Wilkinson
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome often have more restricted emotion expression and recognition skills than their peers who are developing typically, and potentially fewer opportunities to learn these skills. This study investigated the effect of the Strategies for Talking about Emotions as PartnerS (STEPS) programme on parents' provision of opportunities for emotion communication using visual communication supports. METHOD: The study used a single-subject multiple-baseline across participants design with three parent-child dyads...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780176/memory-detection-the-effects-of-emotional-stimuli
#15
Nathalie Klein Selle, Bruno Verschuere, Merel Kindt, Ewout Meijer, Tal Nahari, Gershon Ben-Shakhar
The Concealed Information Test (CIT) aims to detect the presence of crime-related information in memory. In two experiments, we examined the influence of stimulus emotionality on the outcomes of the CIT. In experiment 1, each participant was tested immediately or after one week, on a series of neutral and either negative arousing or negative non-arousing pictures. CIT detection efficiency was unaffected, but physiological and recognition data did not support the manipulation's effectiveness. In experiment 2, each participant was tested after a week on a series of neutral versus negative arousing pictures...
August 3, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772297/use-of-adult-patient-focus-groups-to-develop-the-initial-item-bank-for-a-cochlear-implant-quality-of-life-instrument
#16
Theodore R McRackan, Craig A Velozo, Meredith A Holcomb, Elizabeth L Camposeo, Jonathan L Hatch, Ted A Meyer, Paul R Lambert, Cathy L Melvin, Judy R Dubno
Importance: No instrument exists to assess quality of life (QOL) in adult cochlear implant (CI) users that has been developed and validated using accepted scientific standards. Objective: To develop a CI-specific QOL instrument for adults in accordance with the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) guidelines. Design, Setting, and Participants: As required in the PROMIS guidelines, patient focus groups participated in creation of the initial item bank...
August 3, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771634/regional-gray-matter-correlates-of-memory-for-emotion-laden-words-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#17
Carina Saarela, Juho Joutsa, Matti Laine, Riitta Parkkola, Juha O Rinne, Mira Karrasch
Emotional content is known to enhance memory in a content-dependent manner in healthy populations. In middle-aged and older adults, a reduced preference for negative material, or even an enhanced preference for positive material has been observed. This preference seems to be modulated by the emotional arousal that the material evokes. The neuroanatomical basis for emotional memory processes is, however, not well understood in middle-aged and older healthy people. Previous research on local gray matter correlates of emotional memory in older populations has mainly been conducted with patients suffering from various neurodegenerative diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769843/the-curvilinear-relationship-between-age-and-emotional-aperture-the-moderating-role-of-agreeableness
#18
Anna Faber, Frank Walter
The capability to correctly recognize collective emotion expressions [i.e., emotional aperture (EA)] is crucial for effective social and work-related interactions. Yet, little remains known about the antecedents of this ability. The present study therefore aims to shed new light onto key aspects that may promote or diminish an individual's EA. We examine the role of age for this ability in an online sample of 181 participants (with an age range of 18-72 years, located in Germany), and we investigate agreeableness as a key contingency factor...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766399/monitoring-of-learning-for-emotional-faces-how-do-fine-grained-categories-of-emotion-influence-participants-judgments-of-learning-and-beliefs-about-memory
#19
Amber E Witherby, Sarah K Tauber
Researchers have evaluated how broad categories of emotion (i.e. positive and negative) influence judgments of learning (JOLs) relative to neutral items. Specifically, JOLs are typically higher for emotional relative to neutral items. The novel goal of the present research was to evaluate JOLs for fine-grained categories of emotion. Participants studied faces with afraid, angry, sad, or neutral expressions (Experiment 1) and with afraid, angry, or sad expressions (Experiment 2). Participants identified the expressed emotion, made a JOL for each, and completed a recognition test...
August 2, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764484/beyond-lexical-meaning-the-effect-of-emotional-prosody-on-spoken-word-recognition
#20
Seung Kyung Kim, Meghan Sumner
This study employs an auditory-visual associative priming paradigm to test whether non-emotional words uttered in emotional prosody (e.g., pineapple spoken in angry prosody or happy prosody) facilitate recognition of semantically emotional words (e.g., mad, upset or smile, joy). The results show an affective priming effect between emotional prosody and emotional words independent of lexical carriers of the prosody. Learned acoustic patterns in speech (e.g., emotional prosody) map directly to social concepts and representations, and this social information influences the spoken word recognition process...
July 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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