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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221454/must-we-remain-blind-to-undergraduate-medical-ethics-education-in-africa-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nigerian-medical-students
#1
Onochie Okoye, Daniel Nwachukwu, Ferdinand C Maduka-Okafor
BACKGROUND: As the practice of medicine inevitably raises both ethical and legal issues, it had been recommended since 1999 that medical ethics and human rights be taught at every medical school. Most Nigerian medical schools still lack a formal undergraduate medical ethics curriculum. Medical education remains largely focused on traditional medical science components, leaving the medical students to develop medical ethical decision-making skills and moral attitudes passively within institutions noted for relatively strong paternalistic traditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216789/open-book-exams-a-potential-solution-to-the-full-curriculum
#2
Andrew Teodorczuk, James Fraser, Gary D Rogers
In this Personal View article, as curriculum designers, we consider whether there is a place for open book exams in Medical School curricula. Specifically, at a time when medical teachers complain about the difficulties of delivering a full curriculum, we propose that open book assessment approaches may help to free up the curriculum as learners become less reliant on memorizing facts. Moreover deeper learning of higher level outcomes can be achieved and more authentic assessment approaches undertaken. We also look at the recent literature and consider reasons, both for and against open book exams, at theoretical and practical levels...
December 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210797/developing-reflective-practice-a-guide-for-medical-students-doctors-and-teachers
#3
Paul Martin Kempen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207738/medical-education-terminologies-do-these-really-percolate-to-the-level-of-medical-students-a-survey
#4
Arunita Jagzape, Tushar Jagzape, Swanand Pathak
Introduction: In Medical Education Technology, many terminologies are embodied in faculty training programs; used by teachers in daily practice like learning objectives, curriculum, and domains, formative and summative assessments. The awareness and knowledge of students regarding these terminologies, is questionable. Aim: To assess the awareness and knowledge of the students of all phases of MBBS - regarding terminologies in medical education. Materials and Methods: The study was questionnaire based survey at a private medical college in rural setting...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207689/students-perception-and-attitude-on-methods-of-anatomy-teaching-in-a-medical-college-of-west-bengal-india
#5
Raktim Bandyopadhyay, Romy Biswas
Introduction: Incorporating newer teaching aids over traditional one in Anatomy has been challenging both for the teachers and the learners. Different educational strategies are being used for teaching of Anatomy. Aim: To elicit the perception and attitude toward teaching approaches in the Anatomy curriculum among first year medical students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was undertaken with the help of predesigned, pre-tested questionnaire to elicit knowledge in four domains of classroom teaching which were: a) gross anatomical structure; b) organ identification; c) topography; and d) radiological anatomy and self-assessment of acquired skills in respective fields among 114 first year students...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205901/dissecting-the-role-of-sessional-anatomy-teachers-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Danielle Rhodes, Quentin A Fogg, Michelle D Lazarus
Worldwide there is a growing reliance on sessional teachers in universities. This has impacted all disciplines in higher education including medical anatomy programs. The objective of this review was to define the role and support needs of sessional anatomy teachers by reporting on the (1) qualifications, (2) teaching role, (3) training, and (4) performance management of this group of educators. A systematic literature search was conducted on the 27 July 2017 in Scopus, Web of Science, and several databases on the Ovid, ProQuest and EBSCOhost platforms...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205440/effect-of-reflection-on-medical-students-situational-interest-an-experimental-study
#7
Ligia M C Ribeiro, Silvia Mamede, Alexandre S Moura, Eliza M de Brito, Rosa M D de Faria, Henk G Schmidt
CONTEXT: Reflection has been considered crucial to learning. Engaging in reflection while solving problems is expected to foster identification of knowledge gaps and interest in learning more about them, the latter being a major motivational force in learning. Although theoretically sound, this assumption still lacks empirical evidence. This experiment investigated whether reflection while diagnosing clinical cases of different levels of difficulty influences medical students' awareness of knowledge gaps and situational interest...
December 4, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195707/icbls-an-interactive-case-based-learning-system-for-medical-education
#8
Maqbool Ali, Soyeon Caren Han, Hafiz Syed Muhammad Bilal, Sungyoung Lee, Matthew Jee Yun Kang, Byeong Ho Kang, Muhammad Asif Razzaq, Muhammad Bilal Amin
Medical students should be able to actively apply clinical reasoning skills to further their interpretative, diagnostic, and treatment skills in a non-obtrusive and scalable way. Case-Based Learning (CBL) approach has been receiving attention in medical education as it is a student-centered teaching methodology that exposes students to real-world scenarios that need to be solved using their reasoning skills and existing theoretical knowledge. In this paper, we propose an interactive CBL System, called iCBLS, which supports the development of collaborative clinical reasoning skills for medical students in an online environment...
January 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190872/-level-of-teaching-competence-at-the-undergraduate-medical-internship-of-unam-s-faculty-of-medicine
#9
Adrián Martínez-González, Alberto Lifshitz-Guinzberg, Eduardo González-Quintanilla, Ana María Monterrosas-Rojas, Fernando Flores-Hernández, Florina Gatica-Lara, Adrián Israel Martínez-Franco, Melchor Sánchez-Mendiola
BACKGROUND: There is no systematic evaluation of teaching performance in the clinical area at UNAM Faculty of Medicine. The study purpose is to assess the teaching competence level in the Undergraduate Medical Internship (UMI). CLINICAL CASE: The paper describes the process of psychometric validity for the instrument designed to evaluate teaching competence in the UMI. This instrument was constructed from two previously developed instruments. The final version with 54 items in a Likert scale was studied with exploratory factorial analysis...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190404/sex-ed-by-brown-med-a-student-run-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-sexual-health-knowledge
#10
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190149/teacher-perspectives-of-interdisciplinary-coteaching-relationships-in-a-clinical-skills-course-a-relational-coordination-theory-analysis
#11
Michelle M Daniel, Paula Ross, Renée E Stalmeijer, Willem de Grave
Phenomenon: Interdisciplinary coteaching has become a popular pedagogic model in medical education, yet there is insufficient research to guide effective practices in this context. Coteaching relationships are not always effective, which has the potential to affect the student experience. The purpose of this study was to explore interdisciplinary coteaching relationships between a physician (MD) and social behavioral scientist (SBS) in an undergraduate clinical skills course. We aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of what teachers perceive as influencing the quality of relationships to begin to construct a framework for collaborative teaching in medical education...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187417/use-of-humour-in-medical-education-a-survey-of-students-and-teachers-at-a-medical-school-in-china
#12
Yan-Ping Liu, Lei Sun, Xiao-Fen Wu, Yi Yang, Cun-Tai Zhang, Hong-Lian Zhou, Xiao-Qing Quan
OBJECTIVE: Humour is a powerful resource in medical education. The purpose of this study is to investigate what students and teachers think about the use of humour. What challenges do teachers face in using humour and how they address them are also the subject of the present study. DESIGN: Separate cross-sectional questionnaire surveys. SETTING: Tongji Medical College and Tongji Hospital in China. PARTICIPANTS: 327 students at Tongji Medical College and 165 physician teachers at Tongji Hospital in China...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178566/bridging-the-gap-for-future-clinician-educators
#13
Christen K Dilly, W Graham Carlos, Krista Hoffmann-Longtin, John Buckley, Anna Burgner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the training required in the UK, opportunities for medical education training in the USA are limited. Resident-as-teacher programmes are typically insufficient to prepare trainees to be successful clinician-educators, but few pursue formal education degrees. We sought to assess the need for, and feasibility of, a training pathway for subspecialty fellows in a large Department of Medicine that would prepare our trainees to become effective educators. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174106/a-rapid-qualitative-assessment-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-anticipated-acceptability-in-a-context-of-resistance-towards-cholera-intervention-in-nampula-mozambique
#14
Rachel Démolis, Carlos Botão, Léonard W Heyerdahl, Bradford D Gessner, Philippe Cavailler, Celestino Sinai, Amílcar Magaço, Jean-Bernard Le Gargasson, Martin Mengel, Elise Guillermet
INTRODUCTION: While planning an immunization campaign in settings where public health interventions are subject to politically motivated resistance, designing context-based social mobilization strategies is critical to ensure community acceptability. In preparation for an Oral Cholera Vaccine campaign implemented in Nampula, Mozambique, in November 2016, we assessed potential barriers and levers for vaccine acceptability. METHODS: Questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions, as well as observations, were conducted before the campaign...
November 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173580/building-the-pipeline-programs-to-introduce-middle-school-high-school-medical-and-veterinary-students-to-careers-in-epidemiology-and-public-health
#15
Ralph L Cordell, Kelly L Cordeira, Laurence P Cohen, Diana M Bensyl
PURPOSE: This report describes Centers for Disease Control and Prevention programs that expose students to epidemiology and public health sciences (EPHS). METHODS: The Science Ambassador workshop targets middle and high school teachers and promotes teaching EPHS in the classroom. The National Science Olympiad Disease Detectives event is an extracurricular science competition for middle and high school students based on investigations of outbreaks and other public health problems...
November 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172856/contextual-attributes-promote-or-hinder-self-regulated-learning-a-qualitative-study-contrasting-rural-physicians-with-undergraduate-learners-in-japan
#16
Yasushi Matsuyama, Motoyuki Nakaya, Hitoaki Okazaki, Jimmie Leppink, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies support the notion that East Asian medical students do not possess sufficient self-regulation for postgraduate clinical training. However, some East Asian physicians who are employed in geographically isolated and educationally underserved rural settings can self-regulate their study during the early phase of their postgraduate career. To explore the contextual attributes that contribute to self-regulated learning (SRL), we examined the differences in self-regulation between learning as an undergraduate and in a rural context in East Asia...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172814/social-media-and-professional-identity-pitfalls-and-potential
#17
Andrew O'Regan, William Henry Smithson, Eimear Spain
INTRODUCTION: Social media developments have completely changed how information is accessed and communicated. While great potential exists with these platforms, recent reports of online unprofessional behavior by doctors has threatened the medical professional identity; a matter of critical importance for clinicians and medical educators. This paper outlines a role for social media in facilitating support for clinicians and medical teachers; it will raise awareness of pitfalls and explain ethical and legal guidelines...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171573/learning-about-facts-of-life-perspective-from-medical-students-on-sources-and-preferences-about-puberty-and-sex-education-in-karachi
#18
Masood Ali Shaikh, Syed Muhammand Mubeen, Muhammad Furqan
Puberty heralds the onset of adulthood, and is fraught with complex physiological and psychological changes and emotions. In this study, we looked at the sources of information about puberty and sex education among males and females, age at which they learned about them, and the opinions on the role of schools and parents in imparting this education among medical students.A cross-sectional pilot study, using convenience sampling was conducted among 153 medical students of the Hamdard College of Medicine and Dentistry (HCM&D) in Karachi...
November 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171329/defining-curricular-priorities-for-student-as-teacher-programs-a-national-delphi-study
#19
Jasmine Rana, Amy Sullivan, Molly Brett, Amy R Weinstein, Katharyn M Atkins
BACKGROUND: "Student-as-Teacher" (SaT) programs have been growing in number to prepare medical students for their teaching roles in residency and beyond, but it remains unknown what content areas should be covered in SaT curricula. AIM: To determine five to ten "essential" content areas for inclusion in SaT curricula using expert opinion. METHODS: Using a three-round Delphi process, moderators iteratively surveyed a panel of 28 medical educators (25 academy directors and three individuals identified as having expertise in undergraduate medical education) representing 25 medical schools in the United States...
November 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166195/the-experience-of-young-women-living-in-a-prostitution-area-in-maintaining-their-reproductive-health
#20
Vonyca Dovis, Setyowati, Wiwit Kurniawati
Young women face a difficult situation when they live in a prostitution area or red light district. A phenomenological approach was applied to explore the experiences in maintaining reproductive health of 10 young women living in the prostitution area in Lampung, one of the provinces in Sumatra. Thematic content analysis found 7 themes including: (1) The participants' perception of prostitution as a place of naughty women and free sexual activity that can transmit STDs and influence adolescent psychology; (2) The ways the participants kept their reproductive organs healthy were through maintaining friendships, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding free sexual activity, eating healthy food, and having routine medical checkups; (3) Information support was gained from family, health workers, media, and teachers; (4) Emotional support from family and friends; (5) Barriers to maintaining good health were inaccessible health facilities and an underfunded health service; (6) The needs of the participants were reproductive health services and clean environment; (7) The participants hoped for health education and intensive health services with friendly nurses...
2017: Comprehensive child and adolescent nursing
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