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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644788/initiatives-for-responding-to-medical-trainees-moral-distress-about-end-of-life-cases
#1
M Sara Rosenthal, Maria Clay
Moral distress frequently arises for medical trainees exposed to end-of-life cases. We review the small literature on best practices for reducing moral distress in such cases and propose two areas to target for moral distress reduction: medical education and organizational ethics programs. Students require training in end-of-life dialogues and truthful prognostication, which are not generally available without skilled mentors. But physician-mentors and teachers can suffer from lingering moral residue themselves, which can affect the teaching culture and student expectations...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638515/use-of-fellow-as-clinical-teacher-fact-curriculum-for-teaching-during-consultation-effect-on-subspecialty-fellow-teaching-skills
#2
Eli M Miloslavsky, Kathleen Degnan, Jenna McNeill, Jakob I McSparron
BACKGROUND: Subspecialty consultation in inpatient care is increasing. Teaching by subspecialty fellows in a consultation setting may be an important source of work-based learning for students and residents. However, teaching and evaluation of learners in this context may be challenging due to personal and systems-based barriers. OBJECTIVE: We developed and evaluated a framework designed to overcome barriers to teaching and to improve fellow teaching skills during inpatient consultation...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635553/bridging-generation-gaps-in-medical-education-a-light-bulb-moment-at-the-association-for-medical-education-in-europe-annual-conference-in-barcelona
#3
Marjel van Dam, Cindy Noben, Mary Higgins
Generation gaps have been described before and so have ways to deal with them. But they were mainly focused on the teachers. We would like to bridge these generation gaps, not only by creating awareness but also by learning from each other. This leads to better equipped doctors across all generations and promotes lifelong learning instantaneously.
February 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#4
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628793/the-reliability-concurrent-validity-and-association-with-salivary-oxytocin-of-the-self-report-version-of-the-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder
#5
Tomer Levy, Alan Apter, Amir Djalovski, Miriam Peskin, Silvana Fennig, Galia Gat-Yablonski, Meytal Bar-Maisels, Katy Borodkin, Yuval Bloch
The present study evaluated the self-report version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU-SR) in terms of reliability, concurrent validity, and correlation with salivary oxytocin levels, a potential biomarker of CU traits. 67 socially at-risk male adolescents (mean 16.2 years) completed the ICU-SR, ICU teacher-version (ICU-TR), Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and their medical files were coded for previous antisocial acts using Brown-Goodwin Lifetime Aggression Scale. Salivary samples were assayed for oxytocin...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#6
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626175/characteristics-and-gender-differences-in-the-medical-interview-skills-of-japanese-medical-students
#7
Akiko Sugawara, Kazunobu Ishikawa, Ryo Motoya, Gen Kobayashi, Yoko Moroi, Tetsuhito Fukushima
Objective To examine the characteristics of the communication skills of medical students, we observed their performance during introductory medical interview training with simulated patients (SPs). Methods The subjects of the present study included fifth-year medical students (male, n=180, female, n=99) who were undergoing clinical training in Japan from 2012 to 2014. Each student was assigned to one of four 10-minute clinical scenarios, which was conducted with an SP. Three or four teachers observed and assessed the performance of each of the students...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619410/an-international-collaboration-for-the-training-of-medical-chief-residents-in-rwanda
#8
Tim Walker, Vincent Dusabejambo, Janet J Ho, Claudine Karigire, Bradley Richards, Andre N Sofair
BACKGROUND: The year-long position of chief medical resident is a time-honored tradition in the United States that serves to provide the trainee with an opportunity to gain further skills as a clinician, leader, teacher, liaison, and administrator. However, in most training programs in the developing world, this role does not exist. OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a collaborative program to train the first medical chief residents for the University of Rwanda and to assess the impact of the new chief residency on residency training, using questionnaires and qualitative interviews with Rwandan faculty, chief residents, and residents...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619020/medical-students-can-teach-communication-skills-a-mixed-methods-study-of-cross-year-peer-tutoring
#9
Osamu Nomura, Hirotaka Onishi, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: Cross-year peer tutoring (CYPT) of medical students is recognized as an effective learning tool. The aim of this study is to investigate the non-inferiority of the objective outcome of medical interview training with CYPT compared with the results of faculty-led training (FLT), and to explore qualitatively the educational benefits of CYPT. METHODS: We conducted a convergent mixed methods study including a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial and two focus groups...
June 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#10
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#11
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607645/the-perspective-of-medical-students-regarding-the-roles-and-characteristics-of-a-clinical-role-model
#12
Bahareh Bahmanbijari, Amin Beigzadeh, Abbas Etminan, Atena Rahmati Najarkolai, Marzieh Khodaei, Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari
BACKGROUND: As medical students spend most of their time with their clinical teachers and imitate their roles and characteristics during the school year, it is important to identify the roles and characteristics that they find essential in their role models. These traits play a part in their future professions as doctors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the perspective of students, interns, and residents regarding the roles and characteristics of a clinical role model...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605661/seizure-management-by-preschool-teachers-a-training-concept-focussing-on-practical-skills
#13
Henriette K Dumeier, Martina P Neininger, Almuth Kaune, Pia M Schumacher, Andreas Merkenschlager, Wieland Kiess, Matthias K Bernhard, Thilo Bertsche, Astrid Bertsche
PURPOSE: Prolonged seizures can cause severe harm and even death. For seizures lasting longer than 5min, an administration of rescue medication is therefore recommended. Caregivers such as preschool teachers should be able to administer correctly anticonvulsive rescue medication to children. METHODS: A training concept for preschool teachers on seizure management focussing on practical skills was developed. To assess the success of the training, a structured interview on attitudes relating to rescue medication administration was conducted...
June 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605632/seizure-related-variables-are-predictive-of-attention-and-memory-in-children-with-epilepsy
#14
Danielle N Lordo, Ryan Van Patten, Eliana L Sudikoff, Lisa Harker
Children with epilepsy (CWE) are at greater risk for cognitive deficits and behavioral difficulties than are typically developing healthy children, and particular epileptic symptoms and treatments may contribute to this risk. The current study examined the relationships between four seizure-related variables and attention and memory functioning in a sample of 207 CWE (ages 6-16) using both neurocognitive and parent/teacher-report measures. Sociodemographic, medical, and neuropsychological data were collected from patients' medical charts in a retrospective fashion...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602567/medical-students-reflections-on-emotions-concerning-breaking-bad-news
#15
Asta Kristiina Toivonen, Sari Lindblom-Ylänne, Pekka Louhiala, Eeva Pyörälä
OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper understanding of fourth year medical students' reflections on emotions in the context of breaking bad news (BBN). METHODS: During the years 2010-2012, students reflected on their emotions concerning BBN in a learning assignment at the end of the communications skills course. The students were asked to write a description of how they felt about a BBN case. The reflections were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: 351 students agreed to participate in the study...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602566/dis-integration-of-communication-in-healthcare-education-workplace-learning-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Marcy E Rosenbaum
The purpose of this paper, based on a 2016 Heidelberg International Conference on Communication in Healthcare (ICCH) plenary presentation, is to examine a key problem in communication skills training for health professional learners. Studies have pointed to a decline in medical students' communication skills and attitudes as they proceed through their education, particularly during their clinical workplace training experiences. This paper explores some of the key factors in this disintegration, drawing on selected literature and highlighting some curriculum efforts and research conducted at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine as a case study of these issues...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599019/musculoskeletal-problems-in-pianists-and-their-influence-on-professional-activity
#17
María R Ciurana Moñino, Jaume Rosset-Llobet, Luis Cibanal Juan, María D García Manzanares, Juan D Ramos-Pichardo
BACKGROUND: Professional musical performance requires static postures and repetitive movements that may cause musculoskeletal problems in performers. Elite pianists are especially at risk for these disorders, which may cause discomfort but also affect their work. The objective of this study was to describe the most frequent musculoskeletal problems observed in pianists, and to explore the influence of these disorders on their professional activities from the perspective of the pianists themselves...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598750/medical-teacher-in-ten-minutes
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598743/implementing-competency-based-medical-education-moving-forward
#19
Jason R Frank, Linda Snell, Robert Englander, Eric S Holmboe
For more than 60 years, competency-based education has been proposed as an approach to education in many disciplines. In medical education, interest in CBME has grown dramatically in the last decade. This editorial introduces a series of papers that resulted from summits held in 2013 and 2016 by the International CBME Collaborators, a scholarly network whose members are interested in developing competency-based approaches to preparing the next generation of health professionals. An overview of the papers is given, as well as a summary of landmarks in the conceptual evolution and implementation of CBME...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598708/twelve-tips-for-implementation-of-student-as-teacher-programs
#20
Taylor Freret, Jasmine Rana, Richard M Schwartzstein, Holly C Gooding
Much has been written about the learning benefits of peer teaching for medical trainees. What remains less certain is how practically to implement "Student-as-teacher" (SaT) programs combining teacher-skills training with hands-on teaching experiences for medical students to prepare them for their roles as teachers in residency and beyond. In this article, we address this gap by outlining twelve tips for the implementation of SaT programs based on review of the literature and our experience implementing SaT curricula at our institution...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
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