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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045990/electronic-health-record-impacts-on-family-medicine-teachers-survey-of-third-year-medical-student-clerkship-preceptors-at-an-academic-medical-center
#1
Elizabeth Curry, Tamara K Oser, Sean M Oser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Electronic Health Record (EHR) use in clinical practice has accelerated in recent years. While several aspects of EHR use have been extensively studied, there is little data on EHR impacts on medical student educators, especially those involved in outpatient family medicine. This study evaluated perceived impacts of EHR use on clinician teachers of outpatient family medicine. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods survey of clinicians who teach third-year medical students during the required family and community medicine outpatient clerkship at a Mid-Atlantic medical school...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042918/george-n-papanicolaou-1883-1962-an-exceptional-human-scientist-and-academic-teacher-an-interview-with-dr-neda-voutsa-perdiki
#2
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
Dr Neda Voutsa-Perdiki, former Director of Exfoliative Cytology at the University of Florida (Florida, USA), talks about her academic teacher Dr George N. Papanicοlaou, referred to as the 'Father of Exfoliative Cytology', and his wife Mache, known as Mary Papanicolaou. According to Dr Voutsa-Perdiki, Dr Papanicolaou was an exceptional teacher and a unique humanitarian in modern medical history. The secret of his scientific success was hard work, dedication, love of research, faith and the courage he gained from his wife and colleagues...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042827/use-of-a-problem-based-learning-teaching-model-for-undergraduate-medical-and-nursing-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Mehdi Sayyah, Kiarash Shirbandi, Amal Saki-Malehi, Fakher Rahim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the problem-based learning (PBL) method as an alternative to conventional educational methods in Iranian undergraduate medical courses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched international datasets banks, including PubMed, Scopus, and Embase, and internal resources of banks, including MagirIran, IranMedex, IranDoc, and Scientific Information Database (SID), using appropriate search terms, such as "PBL", "problem-based learning", "based on problems", "active learning", and" learner centered", to identify PBL studies, and these were combined with other key terms such as "medical", "undergraduate", "Iranian", "Islamic Republic of Iran", "I...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#4
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033006/relative-age-within-the-school-year-and-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#5
Kapil Sayal, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Petteri Joelsson, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Findings are mixed on the relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age in the school year. We aimed to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis in a country where prescribing rates are low and whether any such association has changed over time or relates to comorbid disorders (eg, conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], or learning disorder [LD]). METHODS: We used nationwide population-based registers to identify all Finnish children born between Jan 1, 1991, and Dec 31, 2004, who were diagnosed with ADHD from age 7 years onwards (age of starting school)...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032128/effectiveness-of-the-teacher-s-vocal-health-program-tvhp-in-the-municipal-education-network-of-campo-grande-ms
#6
Paulo Roberto Haidamuss de Oliveira Bastos, Elisangela Carelli Hermes
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of the Teacher's Vocal Health Program in the Municipal Education Network in Campo Grande, MS, in the 2016 school year so as to reduce or extinguish the high prevalence of vocal symptoms among teachers. METHODS: This is an experimental research with convenience sampling of 48 teachers presenting with vocal symptoms. The Vocal Symptoms Scale was used to collect data, which according to the criteria of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust, present proved psychometric properties and is specific to evaluate individuals with vocal alterations...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020524/teachers-as-learners-developing-professionalism-feedback-skills-via-observed-structured-teaching-encounters
#7
Constance Tucker, Beth Choby, Andrew Moore, Robert Scott Parker, Benjamin R Zambetti, Sarah Naids, Jillian Scott, Jennifer Loome, Sierra Gaffney, Anna T Cianciolo, Leslie A Hoffman, Jaden R Kohn, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Robert L Trowbridge
This Conversations Starter article presents a selected research abstract from the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Southern Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of 4 experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts explore the value of the Observed Structured Teaching Encounter in providing structured opportunities for medical students to engage with the complexities of providing peer feedback on professionalism...
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018643/case-reports-case-series-from-clinical-practice-to-evidence-based-medicine-in-graduate-medical-education
#8
EDITORIAL
Jerry W Sayre, Hale Z Toklu, Fan Ye, Joseph Mazza, Steven Yale
Case reports and case series or case study research are descriptive studies that are prepared for illustrating novel, unusual, or atypical features identified in patients in medical practice, and they potentially generate new research questions. They are empirical inquiries or investigations of a patient or a group of patients in a natural, real-world clinical setting. Case study research is a method that focuses on the contextual analysis of a number of events or conditions and their relationships. There is disagreement among physicians on the value of case studies in the medical literature, particularly for educators focused on teaching evidence-based medicine (EBM) for student learners in graduate medical education...
August 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016829/differential-reporting-of-work-related-mental-ill-health-in-doctors
#9
A Y Zhou, M Carder, L Hussey, M Gittins, R Agius
Background: Evidence suggests that the medical profession is reluctant to report mental ill-health despite its high prevalence. Aims: To compare differential reporting patterns in the incidence of work-related mental ill-health (WRMIH) affecting doctors with selected comparison occupational groups, as determined by surveillance by general practitioners (GPs), specialist psychiatrists and occupational physicians (OPs). Methods: New cases of medically reported WRMIH were reported prospectively between 2006 and 2009 by GPs, psychiatrists and OPs as part of The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network...
August 4, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994457/back-from-basics-integration-of-science-and-practice-in-medical-education
#10
Glen Bandiera, Ayelet Kuper, Maria Mylopoulos, Cynthia Whitehead, Mariela Ruetalo, Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Nicole N Woods
CONTEXT: In 1988, the Edinburgh Declaration challenged medical teachers, curriculum designers and leaders to make an organised effort to change medical education for the better. Among a series of recommendations was a call to integrate training in science and clinical practice across a breadth of clinical contexts. The aim was to create physicians who could serve the needs of all people and provide care in a multitude of contexts. In the years since, in the numerous efforts towards integration, new models of curricula have been proposed and implemented with varying levels of success...
October 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991848/the-feedback-tango-an-integrative-review-and-analysis-of-the-content-of-the-teacher-learner-feedback-exchange
#11
Robert Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis, Victoria Hayes, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To conduct an integrative review and analysis of the literature on the content of feedback to learners in medical education. METHOD: Following completion of a scoping review in 2016, the authors analyzed a subset of articles published through 2015 describing the analysis of feedback exchange content in various contexts: audiotapes, clinical examination, feedback cards, multisource feedback, videotapes, and written feedback. Two reviewers extracted data from these articles and identified common themes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#12
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#13
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/estrategias-educativas-y-de-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-en-la-formaci%C3%A3-n-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-especialistas
#14
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Antecedentes: Las estrategias didácticas se han definido como procedimientos, medios o recursos que el docente utiliza para promover el aprendizaje significativo. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias de enseñanza y de evaluación que utiliza el profesor con residentes en hospitales de tercer nivel de atención médica. Método: Estudio transversal, con profesores de diversas especialidades, en el Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. Se aplicó un cuestionario que valora las estrategias utilizadas en la enseñanza y la evaluación...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990336/peer-teaching-of-the-physical-exam-a-pilot-study
#15
Valeria C Pazo, Susan Frankl, Subha Ramani, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Mastery of the physical exam (PE), and the ability to teach it to peers and medical students, are important milestones for residents (junior doctors); however, several reports indicate that PE skills are in decline. To address this need, we explored the use of peer observation of teaching (POT) as a conceptual framework to develop an innovative approach to PE teaching at the postgraduate medical education level. INNOVATION: We designed a PE POT session to be conducted at the patient bedside, and piloted four sessions in April 2014...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989288/a-family-of-early-english-oculists-1600-1751-with-a-reappraisal-of-john-thomas-woolhouse-1664-1733-1734
#16
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1733/1734), who practiced in Paris, was part of a family with 5 generations of English oculists. Some historians have derided him as a "charlatan" and have criticized him for adhering to the old notion that a cataract was a membrane anterior to the lens. METHODS: We reviewed treatises and digital records related to Woolhouse and his family and the handwritten notes of his 1721 lecture series at the Royal Society of Medicine...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987044/-application-of-brain-boy-universal-professional-in-preliminary-assessment-of-auditory-processing-disorder
#17
Joanna Rutkowska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna
Increasing numbers of hearing pathology is auditory processing disorders. Auditory Processing Disorders (APD) are defined as difficulty in using auditory information to communicate and learn in the presence of normal peripheral hearing. It may be recognized as a problem with understanding of speech in noise and perception disorder of distorted speech. APD may accompany to articulation disorders, language problems and difficulties in reading and writing. The diagnosis of auditory processing disorders causes many difficulties primarily due to the lack of common testing procedures, precise criteria for qualification to the group of norm and pathology...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986778/students-learning-experiences-from-didactic-teaching-sessions-including-patient-case-examples-as-either-text-or-video-a-qualitative-study
#18
Kamilla Pedersen, Martin Holdgaard Moeller, Charlotte Paltved, Ole Mors, Charlotte Ringsted, Anne Mette Morcke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore medical students' learning experiences from the didactic teaching formats using either text-based patient cases or video-based patient cases with similar content. The authors explored how the two different patient case formats influenced students' perceptions of psychiatric patients and students' reflections on meeting and communicating with psychiatric patients. METHODS: The authors conducted group interviews with 30 medical students who volunteered to participate in interviews and applied inductive thematic content analysis to the transcribed interviews...
October 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986275/quantification-of-resident-work-in-colorectal-surgery
#19
Elizabeth A Bailey, Adam P Johnson, Ira L Leeds, Rachel L Medbery, Vanita Ahuja, Thomas VanderMeer, Elizabeth C Wick, Busayo Irojah, Rachel R Kelz
OBJECTIVE: To examine resident intraoperative participation, perceived autonomy, and communication patterns between residents and attending surgeons using a novel survey tool. DESIGN: This was a prospective multi-institutional study. Operative residents completed the survey tool immediately after each colorectal resection performed during the study period. Resident intraoperative participation was quantified including degree of involvement in the technical aspects of the case, self-perception of autonomy, and communication strategies between the resident and attending...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970673/effectiveness-of-team-based-learning-methodology-in-teaching-transfusion-medicine-to-medical-undergraduates-in-third-semester-a-comparative-study
#20
Neena Piyush Doshi
BACKGROUND: Team-based learning (TBL) combines small and large group learning by incorporating multiple small groups in a large group setting. It is a teacher-directed method that encourages student-student interaction. This study compares student learning and teaching satisfaction between conventional lecture and TBL in the subject of pathology. AIMS: The present study is aimed to assess the effectiveness of TBL method of teaching over the conventional lecture...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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