keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cognitive prognostication

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536861/heterogeneity-of-neuropsychological-impairment-in-hiv-infection-contributions-from-mild-cognitive-impairment
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn N Devlin, Tania Giovannetti
Despite longstanding acknowledgement of the heterogeneity of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), existing HAND diagnostic methods classify according to the degree of impairment, without regard to the pattern of neuropsychological strengths and weaknesses. Research in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has demonstrated that classifying individuals into subtypes by both their level and pattern of impairment, using either conventional or statistical methods, has etiologic and prognostic utility. Methods for characterizing the heterogeneity of MCI provide a framework that can be applied to other disorders and may be useful in clarifying some of the current challenges in the study of HAND...
May 24, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535099/do-sideline-concussion-assessments-predict-subsequent-neurocognitive-impairment-after-sport-related-concussion
#2
Alicia Sufrinko, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Melissa Womble, Anthony Kontos
CONTEXT:   Comprehensive, multi-domain assessment is the standard of care after sport-related concussion. However, the relationship between performance on sideline concussion-assessment tools and in-office computerized neurocognitive testing has received little attention, and the prognostic utility of sideline measures is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate concurrent impairment on commonly used concussion measures 24 to 48 hours postinjury while also determining the predictive utility of sideline measures on computerized neurocognitive testing in the acute to subacute recovery periods postinjury...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528347/discriminative-accuracy-of-physician-and-nurse-predictions-for-survival-and-functional-outcomes-6-months-after-an-icu-admission
#3
Michael E Detsky, Michael O Harhay, Dominique F Bayard, Aaron M Delman, Anna E Buehler, Saida A Kent, Isabella V Ciuffetelli, Elizabeth Cooney, Nicole B Gabler, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Mark E Mikkelsen, Scott D Halpern
Importance: Predictions of long-term survival and functional outcomes influence decision making for critically ill patients, yet little is known regarding their accuracy. Objective: To determine the discriminative accuracy of intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and nurses in predicting 6-month patient mortality and morbidity, including ambulation, toileting, and cognition. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study conducted in 5 ICUs in 3 hospitals in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and enrolling patients who spent at least 3 days in the ICU from October 2013 until May 2014 and required mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, or both...
May 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528243/overvalued-ideation-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#4
Tania Borda, Fugen Neziroglu, William Taboas, Dean McKay, Leah Frenkiel
In Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), overvalued ideas (OVI) are considered poor prognostic indicators in adults. To date, OVI has not been studied in an adolescent population with OCD, nor has it been examined in relation to obsessive-compulsive beliefs. To investigate the relationship between OVI and specific cognitions, fifty-five adolescents with OCD (35 male; 20 female; age range 13-17 years; M=14.05 years, SD=1.75 years) participated. It was predicted that OVI would be associated with symptom severity and would moderate obsessive-compulsive beliefs and functional disability...
May 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527215/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-combination-of-two-measures-of%C3%A2-verbal-memory-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-due%C3%A2-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Isabel Sala, Ignacio Illán-Gala, Daniel Alcolea, Ma Belén Sánchez-Saudinós, Sergio Andrés Salgado, Estrella Morenas-Rodríguez, Andrea Subirana, Laura Videla, Jordi Clarimón, María Carmona-Iragui, Roser Ribosa-Nogué, Rafael Blesa, Juan Fortea, Alberto Lleó
BACKGROUND: Episodic memory impairment is the core feature of typical Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of two commonly used verbal memory tests to detect mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD) and to predict progression to Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD-d). METHODS: Prospective study of MCI patients in a tertiary memory disorder unit. Patients underwent an extensive neuropsychological battery including two tests of declarative verbal memory: The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) and the word list learning task from the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's disease (CERAD-WL)...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522659/validation-of-an-mri-brain-injury-and-growth-scoring-system-in-very-preterm-infants-scanned-at-29-to-35-week-postmenstrual-age
#6
J M George, S Fiori, J Fripp, X K Pannek, X J Bursle, X R X Moldrich, X A Guzzetta, X A Coulthard, X R S Ware, X S E Rose, X P B Colditz, X R N Boyd
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The diagnostic and prognostic potential of brain MR imaging before term-equivalent age is limited until valid MR imaging scoring systems are available. This study aimed to validate an MR imaging scoring system of brain injury and impaired growth for use at 29 to 35 weeks postmenstrual age in infants born at <31 weeks gestational age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three infants in a prospective cohort study underwent early 3T MR imaging between 29 and 35 weeks' postmenstrual age (mean, 32(+2) ± 1(+3) weeks; 49 males, born at median gestation of 28(+4) weeks; range, 23(+6)-30(+6) weeks; mean birthweight, 1068 ± 312 g)...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520751/-do-it-yourself-home-blood-pressure-as-a-predictor-of-traditional-and-everyday-cognition-in-older-adults
#7
Sophie E Yeung, Wendy Loken Thornton
BACKGROUND: Hypertension guidelines recommend home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring in adjunct to office blood pressure (OBP) for its greater reproducibility and prognostic utility in the prevention of cardiovascular outcomes, especially stroke. To date, the relationship between HBP and cognitive function remains unexplored. METHODS: We examined HBP as a cognitive predictor in a multi-ethnic group of community-dwelling adults aged 60 and over (N = 133) using neuropsychological measures and analyzed the data using multiple regression analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513079/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-other-synucleinopathies
#8
REVIEW
Erik K St Louis, Angelica R Boeve, Bradley F Boeve
Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is characterized by dream enactment and complex motor behaviors during rapid eye movement sleep and rapid eye movement sleep atonia loss (rapid eye movement sleep without atonia) during polysomnography. Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder may be idiopathic or symptomatic and in both settings is highly associated with synucleinopathy neurodegeneration, especially Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, and pure autonomic failure...
May 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505995/prediction-of-post-stroke-functional-mobility%C3%A2-from-the-initial-assessment-of%C3%A2-cognitive-function
#9
Se Hee Jung, Shi-Uk Lee, Jihong Park
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is frequently seen in patients with stroke. The possible correlation between cognitive function and functional mobility has been proposed; however, the prognostic importance of early cognitive function in recovery of mobility has not been investigated in patients with stroke. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate whether the cognitive function in the acute phase can independently predict the recovery of mobility after stroke, and to determine the cut-off value of each cognitive evaluation test for community ambulation at six months...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496545/c-reactive-protein-and-frailty-in-the-elderly-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Dimitrios Velissaris, Nikolaos Pantzaris, Ioanna Koniari, Nikolaos Koutsogiannis, Vasilios Karamouzos, Ioanna Kotroni, Anastasia Skroumpelou, John Ellul
Chronic inflammation is a well-established background process in many age-related diseases. Many recent studies investigate the use of various inflammatory biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6, and interleukin-1 as predictors of physical and cognitive performance among elders. The phenotype of frailty has also been associated with underlying inflammatory mechanisms. The aim of this article was to review the literature referring to the correlation of CRP serum levels and frailty in older individuals...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493946/functional-decline-in-nursing-home-residents-a-prognostic-study
#11
Javier Jerez-Roig, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, José Rodolfo Torres de Araújo, Kenio Costa Lima
AIM: To verify the probability of maintaining functional capacity in basic activities of daily living and identify the prognostic factors of functional decline in institutionalized older adults. METHODS: A longitudinal study is presented herein, with 5 waves every 6 months, throughout 2 years (2013-2015), conducted with individuals ≥60 years old in 10 nursing homes in the city of Natal-RN (Brazil). Functional capacity was assessed by the items 'eating', 'personal hygiene', 'dressing', 'bathing', 'transferring', 'toileting' and 'walking', through a 5-item Likert scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487465/geriatric-assessment-predicts-survival-and-competing-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-early-colorectal-cancer-can-it-help-in-adjuvant-therapy-decision-making
#12
Maite Antonio, Juana Saldaña, Alberto Carmona-Bayonas, Valentín Navarro, Cristian Tebé, Marga Nadal, Francesc Formiga, Ramon Salazar, Josep Maria Borràs
BACKGROUND: The challenge when selecting elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) for adjuvant therapy is to estimate the likelihood that death from other causes will preclude cancer events from occurring. The aim of this paper is to evaluate whether comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) can predict survival and cancer-specific mortality in elderly CRC patients candidates for adjuvant therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety-five consecutive patients aged ≥75 with high-risk stage II and stage III CRC were prospectively included from May 2008 to May 2015...
May 9, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486543/preterm-brain-injury-on-term-equivalent-age-mri-in-relation-to-perinatal-factors-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-two-years
#13
Margaretha J Brouwer, Karina J Kersbergen, Britt J M van Kooij, Manon J N L Benders, Ingrid C van Haastert, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Jeffrey J Neil, Linda S de Vries, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Terrie E Inder, Floris Groenendaal
OBJECTIVES: First, to apply a recently extended scoring system for preterm brain injury at term-equivalent age (TEA-)MRI in a regional extremely preterm cohort; second, to identify independent perinatal factors associated with this score; and third, to assess the prognostic value of this TEA-MRI score with respect to early neurodevelopmental outcome. STUDY DESIGN: 239 extremely preterm infants (median gestational age [range] in weeks: 26.6 [24.3-27.9]), admitted to the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital between 2006 and 2012 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474568/lipid-biomarkers-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Amira Zarrouk, Meryam Debbabi, Maryem Bezine, El Mostafa Karym, Asmaa Badreddine, Olivier Rouaud, Thibault Moreau, Mustapha Cherkaoui-Malki, Mohamed El Ayeb, Boubker Nasser, Mohamed Hammami, Gérard Lizard
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent form of dementia. It is characterized by three successive stages (preclinical, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and dementia), which are determined with a panel of complementary tests including behavioral and biochemical tests and imaging methods. Currently accepted biomarkers of AD include levels of brain chemicals related to amyloid or tau, and imaging-derived estimates of the size and metabolic activity of specific brain regions. At the moment, the pathogenesis of AD is still poorly understood but some studies support a link between lipid metabolism disorders and AD...
May 4, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462387/detecting-functional-decline-from-normal-aging-to-dementia-development-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-amsterdam-iadl-questionnaire
#15
Roos J Jutten, Carel F W Peeters, Sophie M J Leijdesdorff, Pieter Jelle Visser, Andrea B Maier, Caroline B Terwee, Philip Scheltens, Sietske A M Sikkes
INTRODUCTION: Detecting functional decline from normal aging to dementia is relevant for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Therefore, the Amsterdam IADL Questionnaire (A-IADL-Q) was developed: a 70-item proxy-based tool with good psychometric properties. We aimed to design a short version while preserving its psychometric quality. METHODS: Study partners of subjects (n = 1355), ranging from cognitively normal to dementia subjects, completed the original A-IADL-Q...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462086/predicting-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-response-in-social-anxiety-disorder-with-anterior-cingulate-cortex-and-amygdala-during-emotion-regulation
#16
Heide Klumpp, Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Kerry L Kinney, Amy E Kennedy, Stewart A Shankman, Scott A Langenecker, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) and other internalizing conditions attempts to improve emotion regulation. Accumulating data indicate anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and to a lesser extent amygdala, activation in various tasks predicts treatment outcome. However, little is known about ACC and amygdala activation to emotion regulation in predicting clinical improvement following CBT in SAD. METHODS: Before treatment, 38 SAD patients completed implicit and explicit emotion regulation paradigms during fMRI...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461101/brain-source-localization-of-mmn-and-p300-erps-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-high-density-eeg-approach
#17
Anthoula C Tsolaki, Vasiliki Kosmidou, Ioannis Yiannis Kompatsiaris, Chrysa Papadaniil, Leontios Hadjileontiadis, Aikaterini Adam, Magda Tsolaki
Alzheimer's disease is the most common neurodegenerative disease of Western societies, suggesting the need for early diagnosis, even in preclinical stages. In this vein, the localization of neuronal generators of event-related potential (ERP) components, that is, the mismatch negativity and the P300, based on high-density electroencephalogram data, was explored as a means to enhance their sensitivity as markers of preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). A 2-tone oddball experiment was conducted, involving 21 healthy elderly, 21 mild cognitive impairment, and 21 mild AD patients, while high-density electroencephalogram data were recorded...
March 29, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446118/motor-neurone-disease-progress-and-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Thanuja Dharmadasa, Robert D Henderson, Paul S Talman, Richard Al Macdonell, Susan Mathers, David W Schultz, Merrillee Needham, Margaret Zoing, Steve Vucic, Matthew C Kiernan
Major progress has been made over the past decade in the understanding of motor neurone disease (MND), changing the landscape of this complex disease. Through identifying positive prognostic factors, new evidence-based standards of care have been established that improve patient survival, reduce burden of disease for patients and their carers, and enhance quality of life. These factors include early management of respiratory dysfunction with non-invasive ventilation, maintenance of weight and nutritional status, as well as instigation of a multidisciplinary team including neurologists, general practitioners and allied health professionals...
May 1, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444220/a-panel-study-on-patients-with-dominant-cerebellar-ataxia-highlights-the-frequency-of-channelopathies
#19
Marie Coutelier, Giulia Coarelli, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Juliette Konop, Claire-Sophie Davoine, Christelle Tesson, Rémi Valter, Mathieu Anheim, Anthony Behin, Giovanni Castelnovo, Perrine Charles, Albert David, Claire Ewenczyk, Mélanie Fradin, Cyril Goizet, Didier Hannequin, Pierre Labauge, Florence Riant, Pierre Sarda, Yves Sznajer, François Tison, Urielle Ullmann, Lionel Van Maldergem, Fanny Mochel, Alexis Brice, Giovanni Stevanin, Alexandra Durr
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias have a marked heterogeneous genetic background, with mutations in 34 genes identified so far. This large amount of implicated genes accounts for heterogeneous clinical presentations, making genotype-phenotype correlations a major challenge in the field. While polyglutamine ataxias, linked to CAG repeat expansions in genes such as ATXN1, ATXN2, ATXN3, ATXN7, CACNA1A and TBP, have been extensively characterized in large cohorts, there is a need for comprehensive assessment of frequency and phenotype of more 'conventional' ataxias...
April 21, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441967/comparison-of-csf-markers-and-semi-quantitative-amyloid-pet-in-alzheimer-s-disease-diagnosis-and-in-cognitive-impairment-prognosis-using-the-adni-2-database
#20
Fayçal Ben Bouallègue, Denis Mariano-Goulart, Pierre Payoux
BACKGROUND: The relative performance of semi-quantitative amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers in diagnosing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and predicting the cognitive evolution of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is still debated. METHODS: Subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative 2 with complete baseline cognitive assessment (Mini Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating [CDR] and Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale [ADAS-cog] scores), CSF collection (amyloid-β1-42 [Aβ], tau and phosphorylated tau) and (18)F-florbetapir scans were included in our cross-sectional cohort...
April 26, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
keyword
keyword
92615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"