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Cognitive prognostication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087721/joubert-syndrome-neuroimaging-findings-in-110-patients-in-correlation-with-cognitive-function-and-genetic-cause
#1
Andrea Poretti, Joseph Snow, Angela C Summers, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A G M Huisman, Nafi Aygun, Kathryn A Carson, Dan Doherty, Melissa A Parisi, Camilo Toro, Deniz Yildirimli, Meghana Vemulapalli, Jim C Mullikin, Andrew R Cullinane, Thierry Vilboux, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
BACKGROUND: Joubert syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous ciliopathy. Neuroimaging findings have not been systematically evaluated in a large cohort of patients with Joubert syndrome in correlation with molecular genetic cause and cognitive function. METHODS: Brain MRI of 110 patients with Joubert syndrome was included in this study. A comprehensive evaluation of brain MRI studies for infratentorial and supratentorial morphological abnormalities was performed...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086766/psychoeducational-preventive-treatment-for-women-at-risk-of-postpartum-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-progea
#2
Amaia Ugarte Ugarte, Purificación López-Peña, Carmen Serrulla Vangeneberg, Julia Gemma Torregaray Royo, Maria Asunción Arrieta Ugarte, Maria Teresa Zabalza Compains, Maria Pilar Riaño Medrano, Nerea Muñoz Toyos, Edurne Arenaza Lamo, Maria Begoña Beneitez Dueñas, Ana González-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is a disease with a prevalence of 20% that has deleterious consequences not only for the mother but also for the baby and can cause delays in physical, social and cognitive development. In this context, the European Union Committee on Public Health has declared it essential that preventative measures are taken by centres providing care for women with a multidisciplinary approach. PROGEA is a multicentre, single-blind randomized, 3-year, longitudinal clinical trial aiming to evaluate the efficacy of a psychoeducational programme in preventing postpartum depression in at-risk women, based on a range of clinical variables, and explore prognostic factors...
January 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059789/the-mild-behavioral-impairment-checklist%C3%A2-mbi-c-a-rating-scale-for%C3%A2-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in%C3%A2-pre-dementia-populations
#3
Zahinoor Ismail, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Henry Brodaty, Alicja Cieslak, Jeffrey Cummings, Corinne E Fischer, Serge Gauthier, Yonas E Geda, Nathan Herrmann, Jamila Kanji, Krista L Lanctôt, David S Miller, Moyra E Mortby, Chiadi U Onyike, Paul B Rosenberg, Eric E Smith, Gwenn S Smith, David L Sultzer, Constantine Lyketsos
BACKGROUND: Mild behavioral impairment (MBI) is a construct that describes the emergence at ≥50 years of age of sustained and impactful neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), as a precursor to cognitive decline and dementia. MBI describes NPS of any severity, which are not captured by traditional psychiatric nosology, persist for at least 6 months, and occur in advance of or in concert with mild cognitive impairment. While the detection and description of MBI has been operationalized in the International Society to Advance Alzheimer's Research and Treatment - Alzheimer's Association (ISTAART-AA) research diagnostic criteria, there is no instrument that accurately reflects MBI as described...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057634/predictive-utility-of-marketed-volumetric-software-tools-in-subjects-at-risk-for-alzheimer-disease-do-regions-outside-the-hippocampus-matter
#4
T P Tanpitukpongse, M A Mazurowski, J Ikhena, J R Petrella
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease is a prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Computer assessment of brain atrophy patterns can help predict conversion to Alzheimer disease. Our aim was to assess the prognostic efficacy of individual-versus-combined regional volumetrics in 2 commercially available brain volumetric software packages for predicting conversion of patients with mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained through the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative...
January 5, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042930/three-versus-seven-days-to-return-to-work-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomised-parallel-group-trial-with-neuropsychological-assessment
#5
Aline M Studerus-Germann, Doortje C Engel, Martin N Stienen, Dieter von Ow, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Oliver P Gautschi
Although most patients with a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) recover within days to weeks, some experience persistent physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms, often described as postconcussion syndrome (PCS). The optimal recovery time including return-to-work (RTW) after mTBI is unclear. In this single-centre parallel-group trial, patients assigned three days (3D-group) or seven days (7D-group) sick leave were compared with a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery including the Post Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) within one week, after three and twelve months post-injury...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029198/neural-responses-to-negative-outcomes-predict-success-in-community-based-substance-use-treatment
#6
Sarah E Forster, Peter R Finn, Joshua W Brown
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Activation in some specific brain regions has demonstrated promise as prognostic indicators in substance dependent individuals (SDIs) but this issue has not yet been explored in SDIs attending typical of community-based treatment. We used a data-driven, exploratory approach to identify brain-based predictors of treatment outcome in a representative community sample of SDIs. The predictive utility of brain-based measures was evaluated against clinical indicators, cognitive-behavioral performance, and self-report assessments...
December 28, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011072/mortality-prediction-models-in-the-general-trauma-population-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Leonie de Munter, Suzanne Polinder, Koen W W Lansink, Maryse C Cnossen, Ewout W Steyerberg, Mariska A C de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading cause of death in individuals younger than 40 years. There are many different models for predicting patient outcome following trauma. To our knowledge, no comprehensive review has been performed on prognostic models for the general trauma population. Therefore, this review aimed to describe (1) existing mortality prediction models for the general trauma population, (2) the methodological quality and (3) which variables are most relevant for the model prediction of mortality in the general trauma population...
December 15, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003242/heterogeneity-of-neuroanatomical-patterns-in-prodromal-alzheimer-s-disease-links-to-cognition-progression-and-biomarkers
#8
Aoyan Dong, Jon B Toledo, Nicolas Honnorat, Jimit Doshi, Erdem Varol, Aristeidis Sotiras, David Wolk, John Q Trojanowski, Christos Davatzikos
Individuals with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease clinical diagnoses can display significant phenotypic heterogeneity. This variability likely reflects underlying genetic, environmental and neuropathological differences. Characterizing this heterogeneity is important for precision diagnostics, personalized predictions, and recruitment of relatively homogeneous sets of patients into clinical trials. In this study, we apply state-of-the-art semi-supervised machine learning methods to the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging cohort (ADNI) to elucidate the heterogeneity of neuroanatomical differences between subjects with mild cognitive impairment (n = 530) and Alzheimer's disease (n = 314) and cognitively normal individuals (n = 399), thereby adding to an increasing literature aiming to establish neuroanatomical and neuropathological (e...
December 20, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001292/predictors-for-unplanned-hospitalization-of-new-home-care-clients
#9
Jukka K Rönneikkö, Matti Mäkelä, Esa R Jämsen, Heini Huhtala, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Anja Noro, Jaakko N Valvanne
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors predicting unplanned hospitalization of new home care clients using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC). DESIGN: A register-based study based on RAI-HC assessments and nationwide hospital discharge records. SETTING: Municipal home care services in Finland. PARTICIPANTS: New Finnish home care clients aged 63 and older (N = 15,700). MEASUREMENTS: Information from home care clients' first RAI-HC assessment was connected to information regarding their first hospitalization over 1 year of follow-up...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992839/psychosis-prediction-in-secondary-mental-health-services-a-broad-comprehensive-approach-to-the-at-risk-mental-state-syndrome
#10
M Francesconi, A Minichino, R E Carrión, R Delle Chiaie, A Bevilacqua, M Parisi, S Rullo, F Saverio Bersani, M Biondi, K Cadenhead
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of risk algorithms for psychosis prediction in "at risk mental state" (ARMS) samples may differ according to the recruitment setting. Standardized criteria used to detect ARMS individuals may lack specificity if the recruitment setting is a secondary mental health service. The authors tested a modified strategy to predict psychosis conversion in this setting by using a systematic selection of trait-markers of the psychosis prodrome in a sample with a heterogeneous ARMS status...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992766/a-quick-behavioral-dichotic-word-test-is-prognostic-for-clinical-response-to-cognitive-therapy-for-depression-a-replication-study
#11
Gerard E Bruder, Agnes Haggerty, Greg J Siegle
There are no commonly used clinical indicators of whether an individual will benefit from cognitive therapy (CT) for depression. A prior study found right ear (left hemisphere) advantage for perceiving dichotic words predicted CT response. This study replicates this finding at a different research center in clinical trials that included clinically representative samples and community therapists. Right-handed individuals with unipolar major depressive disorder who subsequently received 12-14 weeks of CT at the University of Pittsburgh were tested on dichotic fused words and complex tones tests...
December 9, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987555/clinical-amyloid-imaging
#12
REVIEW
Atul Mallik, Alex Drzezga, Satoshi Minoshima
Amyloid plaques, along with neurofibrillary tangles, are a neuropathologic hallmark of Alzheimer disease (AD). Recently, amyloid PET radiotracers have been developed and approved for clinical use in the evaluation of suspected neurodegenerative disorders. In both research and clinical settings, amyloid PET imaging has provided important diagnostic and prognostic information for the management of patients with possible AD, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and other challenging diagnostic presentations. Although the overall impact of amyloid imaging is still being evaluated, the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging and Alzheimer's Association Amyloid Imaging Task Force have created appropriate use criteria for the standard clinical use of amyloid PET imaging...
January 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987229/neuronal-damage-biomarkers-in-the-identification-of-patients-at-risk-of-long-term-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-after-cardiac-surgery
#13
W F Kok, J Koerts, O Tucha, T W L Scheeren, A R Absalom
Biomarkers of neurological injury can potentially predict postoperative cognitive dysfunction. We aimed to identify whether classical neuronal damage-specific biomarkers, including brain fatty acid-binding protein, neuron-specific enolase and S100 calcium-binding protein β, as well as plasma-free haemoglobin concentration as a measure of haemolysis, could be used to predict the risk of long-term cognitive decline after coronary artery bypass grafting with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. We assessed cognitive function using the CogState brief computerised cognitive test battery at 3 months and at 15 months after surgery...
December 17, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960160/biomarkers-natural-course-and-prognosis
#14
Juan F Arenillas, Elena López-Cancio, Ka Sing Wong
Increasing our knowledge about intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) natural history and prognostic factors is essential to improve its preventive therapy and thus reduce the dramatic clinical consequences caused by this entity. ICAS is characterized by a chronic and progressive course until it becomes symptomatic, mostly through complication of an unstable intracranial atherosclerotic plaque. Population-based studies in healthy subjects have shown that the prevalence of asymptomatic ICAS is higher in Asian than in Caucasian populations...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960095/low-pre-treatment-end-tidal-co2-predicts-dropout-from-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-related-disorders
#15
David F Tolin, Amber L Billingsley, Lauren S Hallion, Gretchen J Diefenbach
Recent clinical trial research suggests that baseline low end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2, the biological marker of hyperventilation) may predict poorer response to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety-related disorders. The present study examined the predictive value of baseline ETCO2 among patients treated for such disorders in a naturalistic clinical setting. Sixty-nine adults with a primary diagnosis of a DSM-5 anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder completed a 4-min assessment of resting ETCO2, and respiration rate (the first minute was analyzed)...
December 8, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942104/serum-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-level-and-relation-with-size-of-hippocampus-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-disorders
#16
Mohammad-Hossein Daghighi, Masoud Poureisa, Pegah Ahmadi, Mahmoud Reshadatjoo, Sahar Golestani, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad, Farid Karkon-Shayan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive disorders and dementia are common problems, and Alzheimer's disease is one of the major leading causes of death worldwide. Thyroid hormone disorders as a common problem effect on hippocampus size which as a prognostic factor in dementia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level and the size of hippocampus in patients with mild cognitive disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive-analytical study, 41 patients with symptoms of mild cognitive disorders whom referred to take the brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) in a radiology center under the direction of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (Tabriz, Iran) were evaluated...
November 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease-lessons-from-gerontology
#17
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912992/brain-tumors-and-metastases
#18
REVIEW
Mary M Vargo
Patients with brain tumor exhibit wide-ranging prognoses and functional implications of their disease and treatments. In general, the supportive care needs of patients with brain tumor, including disabling effects, have been recognized to be high. This review (1) briefly summarizes brain tumor types, treatments, and prognostic information for the rehabilitation clinician; (2) reviews evidence for rehabilitation, including acute inpatient rehabilitation and cognitive rehabilitation, and the approaches to selected common symptom and medical management issues; and (3) examines emerging data about survivorship, such as employment, community integration, and fitness...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905389/-lipid-profile-and-psychometric-traits-in-patients-with-psychosomatic-disorders-and-chronic-cerebral-ischemia
#19
A V Shevchenko, B M Doronin, V B Kuznetsova, T G Amstislavskaya
AIM: To explore the correlation of serum cholesterol and triglycerides with psychometric traits in patients with psychosomatic disorders and chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and ten patients with CCI, aged from 46 to 76 years, were examined. Total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured in the blood. A battery of tests for assessment of cognitive functions and neurotic traits was used. RESULTS: The level of cholesterol was higher in patients with post-infarction cardiosclerosis (PICS) compared to patients with CCI without psychosomatic disorders but did not differ from that in patients with gastric ulcer (GU)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904153/genotype-and-phenotype-characterization-in-a-spanish-cohort-with-isovaleric-acidemia
#20
María L Couce, Luís Aldamiz-Echevarría, María A Bueno, Patricia Barros, Amaya Belanger-Quintana, Javier Blasco, María-Teresa García-Silva, Ana M Márquez-Armenteros, Isidro Vitoria, Inmaculada Vives, Rosa Navarrete, Ana Fernández-Marmiesse, Belén Pérez, Celia Pérez-Cerdá
Isovaleric acidemia (IVA) is a rare disorder of leucine metabolism. We carried out a multicenter study of IVA patients diagnosed by newborn screening (NBS) or symptoms clinics over a period of 28 years in Spain. Evaluated at diagnosis, data included age, detection method, levels of C5 and IVG, enzymatic studies, clinical presentation parameters and genotype in 16 patients. Follow-up data included C5 levels, intellectual quotient and correlation genotype-phenotype. IVA was detected by NBS in 8 patients (prevalence of 1/326 629)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
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