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trauma assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453389/gwas-analysis-of-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-interaction-effect-of-childhood-trauma
#1
Arthur Koga, Ali Bani-Fatemi, Nuwan Hettige, Carol Borlido, Clement Zai, John Strauss, Philip Gerretsen, Ariel Graff, Gary Remington, Vincenzo De Luca
AIMS: In the current study, we aimed to compare the prevalence of adverse lifetime events in treatment resistant and non-treatment resistant schizophrenia in a genome-wide association study. MATERIALS & METHODS: Our sample consisted of 84 Caucasian participants with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, assessed cross-sectionally to collect information regarding drug effectiveness and childhood trauma. Using a genome-wide association analysis, we tested single-nucleotide polymorphisms for their association with resistance to antipsychotics defined according to American Psychiatric Association criteria...
April 28, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453339/the-painful-sacrifice-the-epidemiology-of-hand-injuries-during-the-holy-festivals-in-the-sultanate-of-oman-a-10-year-case-control-study
#2
Sultan Al-Shaqsi, Taimoor Al-Bulushi, Ayman Al-Salmi, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Ali Al-Lawatti
BACKGROUND: The human hand is an important functional and sensory organ. Its complex anatomy reflects its important functional capabilities. Many Muslim countries observe the holy festivals with a traditional sacrifice of an animal in order to share the meat (basic commodity) with beloved ones. During such festivals hand injuries have been reported to increase. This study aimed to compare cases and controls of hand injuries treated at the national trauma center in the Sultanate of Oman during a 10-year time period...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453295/postinjury-exercise-and-platelet-rich-plasma-therapies-improve-skeletal-muscle-healing-in-rats-but-are-not-synergistic-when-combined
#3
Paola Contreras-Muñoz, Joan Ramon Torrella, Xavier Serres, David Rizo-Roca, Meritxell De la Varga, Ginés Viscor, Vicente Martínez-Ibáñez, José Luis Peiró, Tero A H Järvinen, Gil Rodas, Mario Marotta
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle injuries are the most common sports-related injury and a major concern in sports medicine. The effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections on muscle healing is still poorly understood, and current data are inconclusive. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of an ultrasound-guided intramuscular PRP injection, administered 24 hours after injury, and/or posttraumatic daily exercise training for 2 weeks on skeletal muscle healing in a recently established rat model of skeletal muscle injury that highly mimics the muscle trauma seen in human athletes...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#4
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449105/family-communication-styles-and-resilience-among-adolescents
#5
M Alejandra Acuña, Sheryl Kataoka
Some adolescents manage to be resilient, whereas others develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing trauma, but the mechanisms underlying these differences are unclear. Public secondary school students (N = 98) referred for counseling completed questionnaires assessing exposure to stressful events, family communication, and PTSD. Seventy percent of the sample reported PTSD symptoms in the clinical range. Open family communication was negatively associated with female gender, problem family communication (PFC), and PTSD symptom severity...
April 26, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448827/dopamine-cognitive-biases-and-assessment-of-certainty-a-neurocognitive-model-of-delusions
#6
REVIEW
Annabel Broyd, Ryan P Balzan, Todd S Woodward, Paul Allen
This paper examines the evidence that delusions can be explained within the framework of a neurocognitive model of how the brain assesses certainty. Here, 'certainty' refers to both low-level interpretations of one's environment and high-level (conscious) appraisals of one's beliefs and experiences. A model is proposed explaining how the brain systems responsible for assigning certainty might dysfunction, contributing to the cause and maintenance of delusional beliefs. It is suggested that delusions arise through a combination of perturbed striatal dopamine and aberrant salience as well as cognitive biases such as the tendency to jump to conclusions (JTC) and hypersalience of evidence-hypothesis matches...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448804/the-associations-between-childhood-trauma-neuroticism-and-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders
#7
Marieke Josien Schreuder, Frederike Schirmbeck, Carin Meijer, Lieuwe de Haan
Various studies reported remarkably high prevalence rates of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in patients with a psychotic disorder. Little is known about the pathogenesis of this co-occurrence. The current study aimed to investigate the contribution of shared underlying risk factors, such as childhood trauma and neuroticism, to the onset and course of OCS in patients with psychosis. Data were retrieved from 161 patients with psychosis included in the 'Genetic Risk and Outcome in Psychosis' project. Patients completed measures of OCS and psychotic symptoms at study entrance and three years later...
April 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448753/road-traffic-injury-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review-and-summary-of-observational-studies
#8
João Ricardo N Vissoci, Daniel J Shogilev, Elizabeth Krebs, Luciano de Andrade, Igor Fiorese Vieira, Nicole Toomey, Adelia Portero Batilana, Michael Haglund, Catherine A Staton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate, through a systematic review of hospital based studies, the proportion of road traffic injuries and fatalities in SSA. METHODS: In accordance with PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines we searched the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Africa-Wide Information, Global Health, and Web of Science. Articles were eligible if they measured proportion of RTIs in SSA by using hospital based studies. In addition, a reference and citation analysis was conducted as well as a data quality assessment...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447815/development-of-the-healthcare-triggering-questionnaire-in-adult-sexual-abuse-survivors
#9
Julie B Schnur, William F Chaplin, Kiran Khurshid, Jazmin N Mogavero, Rachel E Goldsmith, Young-Sun Lee, Leib Litman, Guy H Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: One in 4 women and 1 in 10 men in the United States are survivors of sexual abuse (SA). For these survivors, healthcare experiences may trigger memories, thoughts, feelings or sensations related to this past abuse. Such triggering can be associated with negative responses to healthcare (e.g., anxiety, avoidance). However, to date, no healthcare triggering assessment tool exists. Therefore, the study goal was to describe the prevalence of healthcare triggering, to develop a brief Healthcare Triggering Questionnaire (HTQ), and to examine its initial validity...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445840/modification-of-cognitive-biases-related-to-posttraumatic-stress-a-systematic-review-and-research-agenda
#10
REVIEW
Marcella L Woud, Johan Verwoerd, Julie Krans
Cognitive models of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) postulate that cognitive biases in attention, interpretation, and memory represent key factors involved in the onset and maintenance of PTSD. Developments in experimental research demonstrate that it may be possible to manipulate such biases by means of Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM). In the present paper, we summarize studies assessing cognitive biases in posttraumatic stress to serve as a theoretical and methodological background. However, our main aim was to provide an overview of the scientific literature on CBM in (analogue) posttraumatic stress...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445806/patient-engagement-at-the-margins-health-care-providers-assessments-of-engagement-and-the-structural-determinants-of-health-in-the-safety-net
#11
Mark D Fleming, Janet K Shim, Irene Yen, Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Sara Rubin, Meredith Van Natta, Nancy J Burke
Increasing "patient engagement" has become a priority for health care organizations and policy-makers seeking to reduce cost and improve the quality of care. While concepts of patient engagement have proliferated rapidly across health care settings, little is known about how health care providers make use of these concepts in clinical practice. This paper uses 20 months of ethnographic and interview research carried out from 2015 to 2016 to explore how health care providers working at two public, urban, safety-net hospitals in the United States define, discuss, and assess patient engagement...
April 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445418/hyponatremia-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes-from-fall-injuries-in-the-elderly
#12
Spencer C H Kuo, Pao-Jen Kuo, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: Hyponatremia has been proposed as a contributor to falls in the elderly, which have become a major global issue with the aging of the population. This study aimed to assess the clinical presentation and outcomes of elderly patients with hyponatremia admitted due to fall injuries in a Level I trauma center. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data obtained from the Trauma Registry System for trauma admissions from January 2009 through December 2014. Hyponatremia was defined as a serum sodium level <135 mEq/L, and only patients who had sustained a fall at ground level (<1 m) were included...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445377/first-lower-two-thirds-osteomyocutaneous-facial-allograft-perfused-by-a-unilateral-facial-artery-outcomes-and-vascularization-at-1-year-after-transplantation
#13
Sebastian Fischer, Thomas C Lee, Nicco Krezdorn, Muayyad Alhefzi, Maximilian Kueckelhaus, Ericka M Bueno, Bohdan Pomahac
BACKGROUND: Facial allotransplantation provides a unique opportunity to restore facial form and function in severely disfigured patients. Using a single unilateral facial artery for vascularization can significantly reduce surgical duration and thus facilitate the practice of face transplantation. METHODS: A 33-year-old man with a history of high-energy ballistic trauma received a facial allograft comprising the lower two-thirds of the face, including maxilla and mandible...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443277/pediatric-hand-surgery-training-in-nicaragua-a-sustainable-model-of-surgical-education-in-a-resource-poor-environment
#14
Mary Claire B Manske, Jairo J Rios Roque, Gabriel Ramos Zelaya, Michelle A James
Recent reports have demonstrated that nearly two-thirds of the world's population do not have access to adequate surgical care, a burden that is borne disproportionately by residents of resource-poor countries. Although the reasons for limited access to surgical care are complex and multi-factorial, among the most substantial barriers is the lack of trained surgical providers. This is particularly true in surgical subspecialties that focus on life-improving, rather than life-saving, treatments, such as pediatric hand and upper extremity surgery, which manages such conditions as congenital malformations, trauma and post-traumatic deformities including burns, and neuromuscular conditions (brachial plexus birth palsy, spinal cord injury, and cerebral palsy)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443269/epidemiology-and-risk-assessment-of-pediatric-venous-thromboembolism
#15
REVIEW
Arash Mahajerin, Stacy E Croteau
The incidence of diagnosed venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been increasing concurrent with advances in technology and medical care that enhance our ability to treat pediatric patients with critical illness or complex multiorgan system dysfunction. Although the overall incidence of VTE is estimated at 0.07-0.49 per 10,000 children, higher rates are observed in specific populations including hospitalized children, those with central venous catheters (CVCs) or patients convalescing from a major surgery. While the absolute number of pediatric VTE events may seem trivial compared to adults, the increasing incidence, associated with increased mortality and morbidity, the availability of novel therapies, and the impact on the cost of care have made investigation of VTE risk factors and prevention strategies a high priority...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442207/tibio-talo-calcaneal-fusion-after-limb-salvage-procedures-a-retrospective-study
#16
Lukas Zak, Gerald E Wozasek
BACKGROUND: The treatment of limb threatening trauma on the distal tibia or hindfoot often results in posttraumatic osteoarthritis requiring tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis. The purpose of this study was to present a case series of patients undergoing various techniques of joint fusion after bone reconstruction and deformity correction as a salvage procedure. The study should help trauma surgeons making decisions in limb salvage and deformity correction in complex lower leg and foot injuries by presenting options and treatment strategies...
April 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442206/change-the-habit-to-change-the-practice-do-audits-really-ever-change-anything
#17
D Bodansky, Y Oskrochi, G Judah, M Lewis, B Fischer, B Narayan
INTRODUCTION: Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) eradication by nurses and pre-op induction antibiotics are mandated for emergency surgery, where true status is unknown. We assessed adherence to local MRSA guidelines for patients undergoing emergency hip fracture surgery and employed point of decision prompts to influence clinicians' behaviour. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective record review for all patients undergoing emergency hip fracture surgery at a UK major trauma centre over 3-months...
April 17, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441071/efficacy-and-safety-of-23-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-silicone-oil-tamponade-combination-for-treatment-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-endophthalmitis
#18
Wei Jin, Yaopeng Xu, Wenjun Wang, Yiqiao Xing, Anhuai Yang
PURPOSE: To determine (i) the etiology, epidemiology, mechanism of injury, and risk factors associated with open globe injuries (OGIs) in children and (ii) visual outcomes of pediatric patients with post-traumatic endophthalmitis following 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with silicone oil tamponade (SOT). METHODS: A total of 107 consecutive patients, <15 years of age, who had been diagnosed with post-traumatic endophthalmitis between September 2009 and October 2015, were included in this 6-year retrospective study...
April 25, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439168/ocular-injuries-in-patients-of-zygomatico-complex-zmc-fractures
#19
Altaf Hussain Malik, Aijaz A Shah, Irshad Ahmad, Babar Ai Shah
PURPOSE: Mid face injuries commonly destroy the integrity of the orbital skeleton, and are frequently complicated by injury to the eye, ranging between 2.7 and 90.6 % as reported in literature. The eye injuries range from simple subconjunctival haemorrhage to globe rupture. The paper aims to study the types of ocular injuries in patients with ZMC fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A study of 67 patients, who had sustained facial trauma sufficient to lead to a facial bone fracture, was undertaken in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt Dental College, Srinagar from 2008 to 2014 and the patients received a comprehensive examination by an ophthalmologist within 1 week of injury...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438496/from-the-implementing-best-practice-guidelines-in-pain-assessment-and-management-on-a-women-s-psychiatric-inpatient-unit-exploring-patients-perceptions
#20
Cheryl Rolin-Gilman, Bonnie Fournier, Kristin Cleverley
Assessing and managing chronic pain in women with histories of interpersonal trauma, mood disorders and co-morbid addiction is complex. The aim of this paper is to report on the findings from a quality improvement project exploring women's experiences who have co-occurring mental health issues, addiction and chronic pain. Exploring perceptions was an initial step in implementing the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO) Best Practice Guideline (BPG) on the Assessment and Management of Pain. Focus group discussions were conducted using an exploratory design with 10 women who were hospitalized in an acute psychiatric unit...
April 21, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
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