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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195316/structural-hierarchy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-an-integrative-framework
#1
Hyunsik Kim, Cara M Keifer, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas R Eaton, Matthew D Lerner, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to resolve questions regarding the symptom classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous research generally aimed to demonstrate superiority of one model over another. Rather than adjudicating which model may be optimal, we propose an alternative approach that integrates competing models using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying symptom structure of ASD. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3,825 individuals, consecutive referrals to a university hospital developmental disabilities specialty clinic or a child psychiatry outpatient clinic...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194528/prevention-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-are-we-there-yet
#2
EDITORIAL
Carmen Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184313/juvenile-delinquency-welfare-justice-and-therapeutic-interventions-a-global-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Susan Young, Ben Greer, Richard Church
This review considers juvenile delinquency and justice from an international perspective. Youth crime is a growing concern. Many young offenders are also victims with complex needs, leading to a public health approach that requires a balance of welfare and justice models. However, around the world there are variable and inadequate legal frameworks and a lack of a specialist workforce. The UK and other high-income countries worldwide have established forensic child and adolescent psychiatry, a multifaceted discipline incorporating legal, psychiatric and developmental fields...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184309/plans-hopes-and-ideas-for-mental-health
#4
EDITORIAL
John R Ashton
Mental health and the failings of the mental health services are in the spotlight as never before. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the often dire situation with regard to child and adolescent mental health. At the same time, there is a renewed interest in the scope for prevention of mental illness and distress, and in population approaches to mental well-being. It may come as a surprise to some that others have given such serious consideration to strategic approaches to public mental health as long ago as the 1950s...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149654/management-challenges-in-a-child-with-chronic-hyponatremia-use-of-v2-receptor-antagonist
#5
Sowmya Krishnan, Swapna Deshpande, Ashwini Mallappa, Gunda Divya, Pascale Lane, Anu Vishwanath, Rene Y McNall-Knapp
Chronic hyponatremia is very rare in children and is often seen in the setting of congestive heart failure or liver failure in adults. Here, we report an 8-year-old child with hypothalamic glioma who presented with severe hyponatremia. Initial management consisted of fluid restriction. This was very difficult for the child to follow and the child developed bizarre drinking habits requiring intervention from child psychiatry. So therapy was initiated with low dose V2 receptor antagonist under close inpatient monitoring...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138202/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#6
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130745/sex-attracts-neural-correlates-of-sexual-preference-under-cognitive-demand
#7
Kirsten Jordan, Katrin Wieser, Isabel Methfessel, Peter Fromberger, Peter Dechent, Jürgen L Müller
Neurofunctional correlates of sexual arousal are of interest in basic research as well as in clinical science. In forensic psychiatry, it is important to use designs which are potentially robust against susceptibility to manipulation or deception. We tested a new design to measure neurofunctional correlates of sexual preference. Twenty-two healthy heterosexual men had to solve a mental rotation task while sexually preferred or non-preferred distractors were presented simultaneously. With this challenging active task, subjects' possibility to manipulate their response to the sexual stimuli should be lower than in easier tasks and in passive designs...
January 27, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121394/symptoms-of-major-depression-their-stability-familiality-and-prediction-by-genetic-temperamental-and-childhood-environmental-risk-factors
#8
Kenneth S Kendler, Steven H Aggen
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has long sought to develop biological diagnostic subtypes based on symptomatic differences. This effort assumes that symptoms reflect, with good fidelity, underlying etiological processes. We address this question for major depression (MD). METHODS: We examine, in twins from a population-based registry, similarity in symptom endorsement in individuals meeting criteria for last-year MD at separate interview waves and in concordant twin pairs...
January 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117060/trajectories-of-substance-use-disorder-in-youth-after-detention-a-12-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Leah J Welty, Jennifer A Hershfield, Karen M Abram, Hongyun Han, Gayle R Byck, Linda A Teplin
OBJECTIVE: To identify trajectories of substance use disorders (SUDs) in youth during the 12 years after detention and how gender, race/ethnicity, and age at baseline predict trajectories. METHOD: As part of the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a longitudinal study of 1,829 youth randomly sampled from detention in Chicago, Illinois from 1995 through 1998, participants were reinterviewed in the community or correctional facilities up to 9 times over 12 years. Independent interviewers assessed SUDs using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children 2...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109262/implementation-of-early-intensive-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-in-switzerland
#10
Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the current status of EIBI in Switzerland and on the effectiveness of EIBI under clinical conditions in a Swiss pilot project. METHODS: The paper combines a narrative report of the care system for children with autism in Switzerland and an initial evaluation of EIBI as implemented in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102619/editorial-making-clinical-trials-smarter-and-more-interesting
#11
EDITORIAL
R M Pasco Fearon
At its heart, the field of child psychology and psychiatry is geared towards using science to develop interventions that promote children's healthy development and treat behavioural and emotional difficulties when they arise. While there have been some successes (e.g. stimulant medication for ADHD, parent training for child conduct problems, Fonagy et al., ) serious challenges lie ahead if we are to achieve reliable and lasting improvements for a larger number of children, and for a broader spectrum of problems...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059976/deprescribing-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-sorely-needed-intervention
#12
EDITORIAL
Eugene Grudnikoff, Christopher Bellonci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053283/co-morbidity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-clinical-study-from-india
#13
P Jacob, S Srinath, S Girimaji, S Seshadri, J V Sagar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatry centre. METHODS: A total of 63 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were comprehensively assessed for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#14
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042761/-coercive-measures-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#15
Silke C Rabe, Jörg M Fegert, Ulrich Krüger, Michael Kölch
Coercive Measures in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry To keep the use of coercive measures in child and adolescent psychiatry low or reduce them completely, there needs to be a specific knowledge of the starting point. The study provides an overview of the current situation using a systematic literature review of published studies from the European and the outer European regions between 2005 and 2015. In summary only twelve publications addressed the topic, differentiated in four studies from inner and eight studies from outer European countries...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042759/-crisis-intervention-in-a-health-care-hospital-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#16
Falk Burchard, Teresa Diebenbusch
Crisis Intervention in a Health Care Hospital for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry In the past years the pressure in society and psychological problems in Germany have risen up. This can especially be verified by the great influx of utilization of child and adolescent psychiatric clinics through the admission of crisis. In this connection social disadvantaged female adolescents with a low socio-economic status, students of the secondary school, children in care and the ones whose parents have to manage their upbringing alone are preferentially affected...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005185/mental-health-issues-of-refugee-children-lessons-from-croatia
#17
Vlatka Boričević Maršanić, Tomislav Franić, Katarina Dodig Ćurković
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003385/evidence-for-greater-forensic-education-of-all-psychiatry-residents
#18
Howard L Forman, David W Preven
Booth and his colleagues have made an important contribution to the emerging evidence base that shows education in forensic psychiatry topics can improve attitudes toward the field. Given the desinstitutionalization of those with severe mental illness from state psychiatric facilities and the incarceration of many individuals with severe mental illness in correctional facilities, the need to train many more psychiatrists with competence in correctional settings is clear. Simply training more forensic psychiatrists will not both meet the psychiatric needs of incarcerated patients and fulfill the essential roles forensic psychiatrists play in the justice system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992888/post-war-research-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-part-ii-1989-onwards
#19
REVIEW
Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska
The paper illustrates the research on post-traumatic disorders conducted in Kraków at the Department of Psychotherapy and the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University Medical College after 1989. The political changes that occurred in Poland after 1989 allowed the research to be extended with new groups of survivors. Having conducted the research of the former concentration camp prisoners, the study started to be carried out in the two research teams: 1) the former prisoners of the Stalinist period, Siberian deportees, war veterans and others were examined at the former Social Pathology Institute of the Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College and the work is continued at the Department of Psychotherapy, Jagiellonian University Medical College; 2) at the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic the research of the Holocaust survivors and their families has been carried on by the same team up to the present day...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987413/intervention-recommendations-and-subsequent-access-to-services-following-clinical-assessment-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#20
Jacqueline Pei, Lauren Baugh, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) experience multiple difficulties requiring various interventions. Researchers have called for investigation into service use with respect to clinically recommended interventions. AIMS: To examine intervention recommendations for children with FASD/PAE and subsequent access to these recommended interventions. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Intervention recommendations following FASD assessment were examined for children (1-17 years)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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