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Delphine Adam, Marta Maciejewska, Aymeric Naômé, Loïc Martinet, Wouter Coppieters, Latifa Karim, Denis Baurain, Sébastien Rigali
Cave moonmilk deposits host an abundant and diverse actinobacterial population that has a great potential for producing novel natural bioactive compounds. In our previous attempt to isolate culturable moonmilk-dwelling Actinobacteria, only Streptomyces species were recovered, whereas a metagenetic study of the same deposits revealed a complex actinobacterial community including 46 actinobacterial genera in addition to streptomycetes. In this work, we applied the rehydration-centrifugation method to lessen the occurrence of filamentous species and tested a series of strategies to achieve the isolation of hard-to-culture and rare Actinobacteria from the moonmilk deposits of the cave "Grotte des Collemboles"...
March 22, 2018: Antibiotics
Zahra Fakhroueian, Rouhollah Vahabpour, Mehdi Assmar, Alireza Massiha, Afshin Zahedi, Pegah Esmaeilzadeh, Fatemeh Katouzian, Sara Rezaei, Peyman Keyhanvar, Alireza Mozafari Dehshiri
Nanoformulations derived from fine porous ZnO quantum dot nanoparticles (QD NPs) can offer strong potential medical applications; especially in cancer therapy. ZnO QD NPs was synthesized by sol-gel hydrothermal process, fast cold quenching and further smart surface functionalization methods to obtain ultrasmall size (1-4 nm) NPs. ZnO nanopolymer, a wetting agent, PEG co-solvent and water/oil emulsion stabilizer were considered in our nanofluid formulation. The resulting nanofluid was characterized by SEM, FTIR, photoluminescence, band gap energy, zeta potential and UV-Vis spectroscopy...
March 22, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
J M Sivik, J Davidson, C M Hale, J J Drabick, G Talamo
BACKGROUND: The most commonly used antibacterial prophylaxis during autologous stem cell transplants (ASCT) for multiple myeloma (MM) involves a fluoroquinolone, such as ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin. We assessed the impact of adding doxycycline to ciprofloxacin as routine antibacterial prophylaxis in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records and our ASCT database to analyze rates and types of bacterial infections in MM patients who underwent ASCT in our institution...
March 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Aref Teimouri, Sanaz Jafarpour Azami, Hossein Keshavarz, Fariba Esmaeili, Rasoul Alimi, Sara Ayazian Mavi, Saeedeh Shojaee
Background: Natural polysaccharides such as chitosan (CS) are widely used as antimicrobial agents. In recent years, and considering that CS has a strong antimicrobial potential, interest has been focused on antimicrobial activity of chitosan nanoparticles (CS NPs). The main factors affecting the antibacterial activity of chitosan include molecular weight (MW) and concentration. In this regard, the aim of this study was to produce various MWs and concentrations of CS NPs, through the ionic gelation method, and investigate their potential anti-parasitic activity against tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii RH strain...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Sheba R David, Nurafiqah Malek, Abdul Hanif Mahadi, Srikumar Chakravarthi, Rajan Rajabalaya
Background: Peritonitis is the most serious complication of peritoneal dialysis. Staphylococcus aureus infections could lead to peritonitis which causes reversal of peritoneal dialysis treatment back to hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to develop a controlled release silicone adhesive-based mupirocin patch for prophylactic effect and analyze its antibacterial effectiveness against S. aureus . Methods: The matrix patches were prepared by using different polymers, with and without silicone adhesive, dibutyl sebacate and mupirocin...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Tuerdimaimaiti Abudula, Lassaad Gzara, Giovanna Simonetti, Ahmed Alshahrie, Numan Salah, Pierfrancesco Morganti, Angelo Chianese, Afsoon Fallahi, Ali Tamayol, Sidi A Bencherif, Adnan Memic
Chitin and lignin primarily accumulate as bio-waste resulting from byproducts of crustacean crusts and plant biomass. Recently, their use has been proposed for diverse and unique bioengineering applications, amongst others. However, their weak mechanical properties need to be improved in order to facilitate their industrial utilization. In this paper, we fabricated hybrid fibers composed of a chitin-lignin (CL)-based sol-gel mixture and elastomeric poly (glycerol sebacate) (PGS) using a standard electrospinning approach...
March 19, 2018: Materials
Florentina-Daniela Munteanu, Ana Maria Titoiu, Jean-Louis Marty, Alina Vasilescu
This review provides a brief overview of the fabrication and properties of screen-printed electrodes and details the different opportunities to apply them for the detection of antibiotics, detection of bacteria and antibiotic susceptibility. Among the alternative approaches to costly chromatographic or ELISA methods for antibiotics detection and to lengthy culture methods for bacteria detection, electrochemical biosensors based on screen-printed electrodes present some distinctive advantages. Chemical and (bio)sensors for the detection of antibiotics and assays coupling detection with screen-printed electrodes with immunomagnetic separation are described...
March 18, 2018: Sensors
M Goudarzi, Sh Saviz, M Ghoranneviss, A Salar Elahi
The objective of this study is to investigate antibacterial characteristics of a thermal plasma spray system. For this purpose, copper powder was coated on a handmade atmospheric plasma spraying system made by the stainless steel 316 substrate, which is preheated at different temperatures before spraying. A number of deposition characteristics such as antibacterial characteristics, adhesion strength and hardness of coating, was investigated. All of the spray parameters are fixed except the substrate temperature...
March 15, 2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
B Piyumi Wijesirigunawardana, B Gayani K Perera
The present study focused on using microencapsulation technique to develop an antioxidant and antibacterial active smart cotton fabric using encapsulated lime oil (LO). LO microcapsules were prepared via the complex coacervation method using chitosan and gum arabic wall materials. UV-Visible and FTIR spectrometry verified the successful encapsulation of LO. The synthesized LO microcapsules were irregular in shape and differed in size between 15-160 μm according to the optical and SEM images. The loading of the microcapsules was found to be 2943 ± 128 μL/g with a loading efficiency of 82 ± 4%...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Hamed Tashakkorian, Moslem Mansour Lakouraj, Rahimeh Maldar, Zahra Moulana
Polythiacalix[4]amides as a novel category of polyamides, with high sorption capability towards some environmentally hazardous metal cations, especially Hg2+, have been synthesized via direct polycondensation protocol using a thiacalix[4] arene dicarboxylic acid and commercial diamines. The polyamides were obtained in high yields and possess inherent viscosities in the range of 0.55-0.75 dl/g. The photophysical characteristic was studied by looking for the maximum absorption wavelength of each polymer using UV absorption spectroscopy...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Seyed Mostafa Hasan Nasrollahi, Mohammad Ali Ghasemzadeh, Mohammad Reza Zolfaghari
The synthesis of heterocyclic compounds has been a topic of significant interest because of their broad applications. In this research an effective and eco-friendly approach for the synthesis 1,4-dihydropyridines has been developed via the four-component reactions of arylamines, acetylenedicarboxylates, aromatic aldehydes and ethyl acetoacetate in the presence of Fe3O4@SiO2@OSO3H nanocomposite under solvent-free conditions. The advantages of this method involve the green reaction conditions, simple workup, broad substrates, excellent yields and the reuse of the nanocatalyst...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Weijuan Du, Lisha Jin, Liping Li, Wei Wang, Su Zeng, Huidi Jiang, Hui Zhou
The tuber of Corydalis yanhusuo is a famous traditional Chinese medicine and found to have potent pharmacological effects, such as antinociceptive, antitumor, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depressive activities. Although there are several methods to be developed for the analysis and detection of the bioactive ingredients' alkaloids, so far, only few prominent alkaloids could be quantified, and in vitro and in vivo changes of comprehensive alkaloids after oral administration are still little known...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yang Wei, Yu-Han Chang, Chung-Jui Liu, Ren-Jei Chung
The susceptibility of guided bone regeneration (GBR) material to infection by pathogens at wound sites during bone healing has often been overlooked. The objective of this study was the synthesis and characterization of a potential material for antibacterial GBR application. In the current study, the mechanical strength and biocompatibility of a composite restoration material-made of oxidized hyaluronic acid (HA)/type I collagen hydrogel integrated with tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) using a natural crosslinking agent, oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs)-were evaluated...
March 21, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Matthew C Fleming, Victoria Hester, Brittany J Allison, Majie C Foster, Donna Nofziger, P Matthew Joyner
Background: The woody shrub Trichostema lanatum Benth. (Lamiaceae) is native to Southern California and was reportedly used by the Chumash people as a disinfectant and for the treatment of rheumatism. Based on its traditional uses, this study investigated the antibacterial and immunomodulatory properties of extracts from T. lanatum. Methods: A methanolic extract of the leaves and stems of T. lanatum was tested for immunomodulatory activity by measuring the proliferation of murine macrophage cell cultures and the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α by the cells after treatment with T...
March 21, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Jinxiao Guo, Huaijuan Zhou, Jiaxing Wang, Wei Liu, Mengqi Cheng, Xiaochun Peng, Hui Qin, Jianfeng Wei, Ping Jin, Jinhua Li, Xianlong Zhang
Vanadium is a trace element in the human body, and vanadium compounds have a promising future in biological and medical applications due to their various biological activities and low toxicity. Herein, a novel pure vanadium dioxide (VO2 ) nanofilm was deposited on a substrate of biomedical titanium by magnetron sputtering. The antibacterial effect of VO2 against the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was validated in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the biocompatibility of VO2 and its osteogenic effects were systematically illustrated...
March 21, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Takeshi Yamada, Miu Yagita, Yutaka Kobayashi, Goh Sennari, Hiroyuki Shimamura, Hidehito Matsui, Yuki Horimatsu, Hideaki Hanaki, Tomoyasu Hirose, Satoshi Omura, Toshiaki Sunazuka
Total synthesis of bottromycin A2 can be accomplished through a diastereoselective Mannich reaction of a chiral sulfinamide, mercury-mediated intermolecular amidination, and cyclization of a constrained tetracyclic peptide. Exploitation of this process allowed the synthesis of several novel bottromycin analogs. The antimicrobial activity of these analogs was evaluated in vitro against Gram-positive bacteria, such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Sen Zheng, Kenji Sonomoto
Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesised small antimicrobial peptides produced from a wide range of bacteria, and also rich sources for potential alternatives to traditional antibiotics. Many bacteriocins have highly specific antibacterial activity against target pathogens, even including drug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus. As the final and essential step during biosynthesis, the leader sequence removal and exportation of matured bacteriocin are lacking of research and therefore the last to be understood...
March 20, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Pei-Chun Wu, Chien-Chih Wu
Tigecycline, a glycylcycline-derived antibacterial that has been approved for the treatment of various infections, is widely used for multi-drug resistant bacteria. Coagulopathy is an uncommon side effect during tigecycline treatment and is easily overlooked when it occurs. We reported the effect of tigecycline (50 mg every twelve hours) treatment in an 87-year-old man, with Gram negative bacillary pneumonia and respiratory failure. After 7 days of tigecycline treatment, a significant drop of hemoglobin and patchy ecchymosis over both thighs were suddenly observed despite stable clinical condition...
2018: IDCases
Maarten G K Ghequire, Toon Swings, Jan Michiels, Susan K Buchanan, René De Mot
Lectin-like bacteriocins (LlpAs) are secreted by proteobacteria and selectively kill strains of their own or related species, and they are composed of two B-lectin domains with divergent sequences. In Pseudomonas spp., initial binding of these antibacterial proteins to cells is mediated by the carboxy-terminal domain through d-rhamnose residues present in the common polysaccharide antigen of their lipopolysaccharide, whereas the amino-terminal domain accounts for strain selectivity of killing. Here, we show that spontaneous LlpA-resistant mutants carry mutations in one of three surface-exposed moieties of the essential β-barrel outer membrane protein insertase BamA, the core component of the BAM complex...
March 20, 2018: MBio
Min Yang, Shuang Xie, Vishnu Prasad Adhikari, Yu Dong, Yonghong Du, Dairong Li
It is difficult to effectively eradicate C. albicans using traditional antifungal agents, mainly because the low permeability of the C. albicans cell wall creates strong drug resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic fungicidal effect and the underlying mechanisms of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound combined with a treatment of amphotericin B-loaded nanoparticles (AmB-NPs) against C. albicans. AmB-NPs were prepared by a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) double emulsion method...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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