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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330333/extraction-and-bioactive-profile-of-the-compounds-produced-by-rhodococcus-sp-vld-10
#1
Bokka Yellamanda, Muvva Vijayalakshmi, Alapati Kavitha, Dorigondla Kumar Reddy, Yenamandra Venkateswarlu
A potent actinobacterial strain isolated from the marine samples of Bheemunipatnam beach, Visakhapatnam, India, was identified as Rhodococcus sp. VLD-10 using the conventional and genomic (16S rRNA) approaches. Bioactive compounds responsible for the antimicrobial activity of the strain were elucidated by cultivating the strain VLD-10 in a modified yeast extract-malt extract-lactose broth followed by subsequent chromatographic and spectroscopic analyses. Extraction, purification, and structural confirmation of five compounds, viz...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330321/antimicrobial-antibiofilm-and-microbial-barrier-properties-of-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-cloisite-30b-thin-films
#2
Snigdha Sajeendra Babu, Shiji Mathew, Nandakumar Kalarikkal, Sabu Thomas, Radhakrishnan E K
Development of antibacterial and antibiofilm surfaces is in high demand. In this study, nanocomposite of Poly (ε-caprolactone)/Cloisite 30B was prepared by the solvent casting method. The membranes were characterised by SEM, AFM, and FTIR. Evaluation of water uptake, antimicrobial, antibiofilm, and microbial barrier properties demonstrated a significant antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity against MTCC strain of Staphylococcus haemolyticus and strong biofilm positive Staphylococcus epidermidis of clinical origin at low clay concentrations...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330282/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-and-antibacterial-activity-of-silver-coated-electrospun-polycaprolactone-gelatine-nanofibrous-scaffolds
#3
Mim Mim Lim, Naznin Sultana
The development of nano-sized scaffolds with antibacterial properties that mimic the architecture of tissue is one of the challenges in tissue engineering. In this study, polycaprolactone (PCL) and PCL/gelatine (Ge) (70:30) nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated using a less toxic and common solvent, formic acid and an electrospinning technique. Nanofibrous scaffolds were coated with silver (Ag) in different concentrations of silver nitrate (AgNO3) aqueous solution (1.25, 2.5, 5, and 10 %) by using dipping method, drying and followed by ultraviolet (UV) photoreduction...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330281/evaluation-of-bioactive-secondary-metabolites-from-endophytic-fungus-pestalotiopsis-neglecta-bab-5510-isolated-from-leaves-of-cupressus-torulosa-d-don
#4
Deeksha Sharma, Avijit Pramanik, Pavan Kumar Agrawal
Six endophytic fungi were isolated from Cupressus torulosa D.Don and identified phenotypically and genotypically. The fungal cultures were further grown and the culture was extracted by two organic solvents methanol and ethyl acetate. The screening was carried out using the agar well diffusion method against human pathogen such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Isolated strain of Pestalotiopsis sp. was showing prominent antibacterial activity. The crude methanol and ethyl acetate extract of Pestalotiopsis sp...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330268/antimicrobial-activity-of-pvp-coated-silver-nanoparticles-synthesized-by-lysinibacillus-varians
#5
Divya Bhatia, Ashwani Mittal, Deepak Kumar Malik
Emergence of resistant microbes to conventional antibiotics and increased emphasis on health-care costs has raised the concern for the development of new effective antimicrobial reagents. Silver nanoparticles being an excellent broad-spectrum antibacterial agent could be considered as a suitable alternative for existing antibiotic. This study demonstrates the extra-cellular synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles using supernatant of Lysinibacillus varians. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by using UV-visible spectrum analysis, X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and FT-IR analysis...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330259/identification-of-endophytic-bacillus-mojavensis-with-highly-specialized-broad-spectrum-antibacterial-activity
#6
B Jasim, S Sreelakshmi, Jyothis Mathew, E K Radhakrishnan
Biosynthetic adaptation of endophytic bacteria to chemically support host plant is very remarkable. Hence these organisms from medicinal plants are considered as highly valuable sources for natural products with diverse bioactivity. Their metabolite diversity and biosynthetic versatility have been increasingly explored for drug discovery. In this study, an endophytic Bacillus mojavensis with broad spectrum antibacterial properties has been analyzed for the chemical basis of its activity. By LC-MS/MS the organism was identified to have the biosynthetic ability to produce lipopeptides surfactin and fengycin...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330230/isolation-and-biological-evaluation-of-n-4-aminocyclooctyl-3-5-dinitrobenzamide-a-new-semisynthetic-derivative-from-the-mangrove-associated-actinomycete-pseudonocardia-endophytica-vuk-10
#7
Usha Kiranmayi Mangamuri, Muvva Vijayalakshmi, Sudhakar Poda, Bramanandam Manavathi, Bhujangarao Chitturi, Venkateswarlu Yenamandra
The present study was aimed to isolate novel bioactive compounds from actinomycetes species isolated from mangrove habitats. With this connection, Pseudonocardia endophytica (VUK-10) was isolated using dilution plate technique and was examined for its secondary metabolite profiling. After successive purification and spectroscopic characterization viz., FTIR, mass, NMR, DEPT, HMQC, HMBC, and COSY spectroscopy, two compounds were identified including a semi synthetic derivative N-(4-aminocyclooctyl)-3, 5-dinitrobenzamide (1), obtained from the precursor of novel natural product cyclooctane-1,4-diamine (3), along with a known compound 3-((1H-indol-6-yl) methyl) hexahydropyrrolo [1, 2-a] pyrazine-1, 4-dione (2)...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330212/paper-wasp-nest-mediated-biosynthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-for-antimicrobial-catalytic-anticoagulant-and-thrombolytic-applications
#8
Agbaje Lateef, Monsurat A Akande, Sunday A Ojo, Bolaji I Folarin, Evariste B Gueguim-Kana, Lorika S Beukes
Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using nest extract of paper wasp (Polistes sp) was investigated in this work. The AgNPs were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and evaluated for antibacterial, antifungal, dye degradation, blood anticoagulation, and blood clot dissolution (thrombolytic) activities. The crystalline polydispersed AgNPs with size range of 12.5-95.55 nm absorbed maximally at 428 nm and showed anisotropic structures of sphere, triangle, hexagon, rod, and rhombus...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330162/evaluation-of-silver-nanoparticles-synthetic-potential-of-couroupita-guianensis-aubl-flower-buds-extract-and-their-synergistic-antibacterial-activity
#9
T Venkata Rajesh Kumar, J S R Murthy, Madamsetti Narayana Rao, Y Bhargava
The present investigation demonstrates Couroupita guianensis flower buds extract mediated synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Instant formation of AgNPs was primarily confirmed by the appearance of yellowish brown colour and characteristic silver SPR band in the UV-visible spectrum. Elemental and crystalline natures of the AgNPs were identified from EDX and XRD pattern, respectively. Spherical morphology and the mono-disparity were revealed from TEM and AFM images. The particle size ranged from 5 to 30 nm and average size of 17 nm was consistent in XRD, TEM and AFM measurements...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330154/inhibition-of-a-sulfate-reducing-bacterium-desulfovibrio-marinisediminis-gsr3-by-biosynthesized-copper-oxide-nanoparticles
#10
Kiana Alasvand Zarasvand, V Ravishankar Rai
To control the severe problem of microbiologically influenced corrosion, industries require highly potent antibacterial agent which can inhibit the growth of bacteria on man-made surfaces. This need drove the research towards the synthesis of nanoscale antimicrobial compounds. We, therefore, screened several bacteria for the biosynthesis of copper/copper compound nanoparticles which could inhibit the growth of Desulfovibrio marinisediminis, a sulfate reducing bacterium. Supernatant of thirty bacteria isolated from the biofilm formed on ship hull was mixed with 1 mM CuCl2 solution at room temperature...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330073/cladosporium-cladosporioides-from-the-perspectives-of-medical-and-biotechnological-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Manaf AlMatar, Essam A Makky
Fungi are important natural product sources that have enormous potential for the production of novel compounds for use in pharmacology, agricultural applications and industry. Compared with other natural sources such as plants, fungi are highly diverse but understudied. However, research on Cladosporium cladosporioides revealed the existence of bioactive products such as p-methylbenzoic acid, ergosterol peroxide (EP) and calphostin C as well as enzymes including pectin methylesterase (PME), polygalacturonase (PG) and chlorpyrifos hydrolase...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329730/synthesis-of-novel-quinoline-based-4-5-dihydro-1h-pyrazoles-as-potential-anticancer-antifungal-antibacterial-and-antiprotozoal-agents
#12
Jonathan Ramírez-Prada, Sara M Robledo, Iván D Vélez, María Del Pilar Crespo, Jairo Quiroga, Rodrigo Abonia, Alba Montoya, Laura Svetaz, Susana Zacchino, Braulio Insuasty
A new series of N-substituted 2-pyrazolines 9a-f, 10a-f, 11a-f, 12a-f and 13a-f were obtained from the cyclocondensation reaction of [(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)amino]chalcones 8a-f with hydrazine hydrate and its derivatives. Fourteen of the synthesized compounds including the starting chalcones were selected by US National Cancer Institute (NCI) for testing their anticancer activity against 60 different human cancer cell lines, with the most important GI50 values ranging from 0.28 to 11.7 μM (0.13-6.05 μg/mL) and LC50 values ranging from 2...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329722/antibacterial-properties-of-amino-acid-functionalized-silver-nanoparticles-decorated-on-graphene-oxide-sheets
#13
Kumudini Chandraker, Rekha Nagwanshi, S K Jadhav, Kallol K Ghosh, Manmohan L Satnami
Graphene oxide (GO) sheets decorated with amino acid L-cysteine (L-cys) functionalized silver nanoparticles (GO-L-cys-Ag) was synthesized by AgNO3, trisodium citrate, and NaBH4. GO-L-cys-Ag nanocomposite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectra, which demonstrated that a diameter of L-cys-AgNPs compactly deposited on GO. Antibacterial activity tests of GO-L-cys-Ag nanocomposite were carried out using Escherichia coli MTCC 1687 and Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 3160 as model strains of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329705/sensing-of-bacterial-cyclic-dinucleotides-by-the-oxidoreductase-recon-promotes-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-shapes-a-proinflammatory-antibacterial-state
#14
Adelle P McFarland, Shukun Luo, Fariha Ahmed-Qadri, Meghan Zuck, Elizabeth F Thayer, Young Ah Goo, Kevin Hybiske, Liang Tong, Joshua J Woodward
Bacterial and host cyclic dinucleotides (cdNs) mediate cytosolic immune responses through the STING signaling pathway, although evidence suggests that alternative pathways exist. We used cdN-conjugated beads to biochemically isolate host receptors for bacterial cdNs, and we identified the oxidoreductase RECON. High-affinity cdN binding inhibited RECON enzyme activity by simultaneously blocking the substrate and cosubstrate sites, as revealed by structural analyses. During bacterial infection of macrophages, RECON antagonized STING activation by acting as a molecular sink for cdNs...
March 21, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329697/reconsidering-sensing-of-cyclic-dinucleotides
#15
Jonathan Maelfait, Jan Rehwinkel
Detection of cyclic dinucleotides (cdNs) by the STING pathway potently triggers the antiviral response. McFarland et al. now show that the mouse oxidoreductase RECON acts as a sensor for some bacterial cdNs, modulating innate signaling in a manner independent of STING to promote an antibacterial state.
March 21, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329302/sensitization-of-gram-negative-bacilli-to-host-antibacterial-proteins
#16
Joanna Jammal, Fadia Zaknoon, Galoz Kaneti, Ayelet S Hershkovits, Amram Mor
Towards addressing the need for novel alternatives to antibiotics, we attempted to sensitize Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) to innate antibacterial protagonists. We report a lipopeptide-like sequence (C10OOc12O) that inflicted outer-membrane damages at low micromolar range, whereas measurable bacterial growth inhibition in broth medium required >10-fold higher concentrations. In serum however, C10OOc12O induced antibacterial activity in a manner suppressible by anti-complements antibodies or heat treatment, and acted synergistically with exogenous lysozyme in broth and serum media...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328596/antibacterial-effect-of-bacteriocin-isolated-from-lactobacillus-plantarum-atcc-8014-on-postoperative-infection-of-mandibular-fracture-in-vivo
#17
Tao Fu, Yan-Ming Liu
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to verify the effects of bacteriocin in treatment of postoperative infection of mandibular fracture in vivo. METHODS: Eighty-two mice were inoculated intravenously with staphylococcal suspensions. Bacterial cultures were obtained from implants. Blood samples were collected at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 hours after the injection of bacteriocins. RESULTS: Bacteriocins have significant inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus (P < 0...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327520/cytotoxicity-bactericidal-and-antioxidant-activity-of-sodium-alginate-hydrosols-treated-with-direct-electric-current
#18
Żaneta Król, Krzysztof Marycz, Dominika Kulig, Monika Marędziak, Andrzej Jarmoluk
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of using direct electric current (DC) of 0, 200, and 400 mA for five minutes on the physiochemical properties, cytotoxicity, antibacterial, and antioxidant activity of sodium alginate hydrosols with different sodium chloride concentrations. The pH, oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), electrical conductivity (EC), and available chlorine concentration (ACC) were measured. The effect of sodium alginate hydrosols treated with DC on Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Pseudomonas fluorescence, and RAW 264...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327306/design-synthesis-antibacterial-activity-and-docking-study-of-some-new-trimethoprim-derivatives
#19
Umer Rashid, Waqas Ahmad, Syed Fahad Hassan, Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Basit Niaz, Bakhtiar Muhammad, Sameera Imdad, Muhammad Sajid
In present study, nineteen novel trimethoprim (TMP) derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their antibacterial potential. Hydroxy trimethoprim 2 (HTMP) was synthesized by following the demethylation of 4-methoxy group at trimethoxy benzyl ring of TMP. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies were explored on HTMP by incorporating various substituents leading to the identification of some new compounds with improved antibacterial activities. The results revealed that the introduction of benzyloxy (4a-e) and phenyl ethanone (5a-e) group at 4-position of dimethoxy benzyl ring leads to overall increase in the antibacterial activity...
December 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327302/effect-of-monomer-blend-and-chlorhexidine-adding-on-physical-mechanical-and-biological-properties-of-experimental-infiltrants
#20
Luciana Tiemi Inagaki, Roberta Caroline Bruschi Alonso, Giovana Albamonte Spagnolo Araújo, Eduardo José Carvalho de Souza-Junior, Paula Cristina Anibal, José Francisco Höfling, Fernanda Miori Pascon, Regina Maria Puppin-Rontani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate antimicrobial inhibition zone, degree of conversion (DC) and Knoop hardness (KH) of experimental infiltrants. Experimental low viscosity monomer blends were prepared and chlorhexidine diacetate salt (CHX) (0.1% or 0.2%) was added comprising the groups: G1) TEGDMA; G2) TEGDMA/0.1CHX; G3) TEGDMA/0.2CHX; G4) TEGDMA/UDMA; G5) TEGDMA/UDMA/0.1CHX; G6) TEGDMA/UDMA/0.2CHX; G7) TEGDMA/BISEMA; G8) TEGDMA/BISEMA/0.1CHX; G9) TEGDMA/BISEMA/0.2CHX. Icon(®) was used as control group...
December 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
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