keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

0080

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566386/cost-and-efficacy-examination-of-alvimopan-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-ileus
#1
Zoltan H Nemeth, Dorian A Bogdanovski, Samantha R Paglinco, Patricia Barratt-Stopper, Rolando H Rolandelli
Opioid analgesics exacerbate ileus through peripheral μ-opioid receptor action. Alvimopan, a μ-opioid receptor antagonist, has been proposed to alleviate postoperative ileus, leading to decreased time to return of gastrointestinal function and hospital discharge. As opioid-induced motility issues are only one factor affecting postoperative ileus, continued examination of the cost of the use and efficacy of the drug is needed. Data for this study were collected retrospectively from the charts of 55 patients who received an anastomosis and were given alvimopan at Morristown Medical Center between 2010 and 2013 as well as from 58 appropriately matched controls...
June 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512284/improved-survival-in-patients-with-resected-pancreatic-carcinoma-using-postoperative-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-and-regional-intra-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy
#2
Ningyi Ma, Zheng Wang, Jiandong Zhao, Jiang Long, Jin Xu, Zhigang Ren, Guoliang Jiang
BACKGROUND We assessed the role of adjuvant intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in combination with chemotherapy for pancreatic carcinomas after curative resection and identified prognostic factors related to pancreatic carcinoma after multidisciplinary treatment strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS Pancreatic carcinoma patients (n=61) who received adjuvant radiotherapy after resection (median dose, 50.4 Gy) between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively identified. Sixty patients received chemotherapy, including concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), systemic chemotherapy, and regional intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy (RIAC)...
May 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448532/a-selected-reaction-monitoring-mass-spectrometric-assessment-of-biomarker-candidates-diagnosing-large-cell-neuroendocrine-lung-carcinoma-by-the-scaling-method-using-endogenous-references
#3
Tetsuya Fukuda, Masaharu Nomura, Yasufumi Kato, Hiromasa Tojo, Kiyonaga Fujii, Toshitaka Nagao, Yasuhiko Bando, Thomas E Fehniger, György Marko-Varga, Haruhiko Nakamura, Harubumi Kato, Toshihide Nishimura
Selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (SRM-MS) -based semi-quantitation was performed to assess the validity of 46 selected candidate proteins for specifically diagnosing large-cell neuroendocrine lung carcinoma (LCNEC) and differentiating it from other lung cancer subtypes. The scaling method was applied in this study using specific SRM peak areas (AUCs) derived from the endogenous reference protein that normalizes all SRM AUCs obtained for the candidate proteins. In a screening verification study, we found that seven out of the 46 candidate proteins were statistically significant for the LCNEC phenotype, including 4F2hc cell surface antigen heavy chain (4F2hc/CD98) (p-ANOVA ≤ 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401303/evaluation-of-forensic-genetic-parameters-of-12-str-loci-in-the-korean-population-using-the-investigator-%C3%A2-hdplex-kit
#4
Ju Yeon Jung, Eun Hye Kim, Yu-Li Oh, Hyun-Chul Park, Jung Ho Hwang, Si-Keun Lim
We genotyped and calculated the forensic parameters of 10 non-CODIS loci and 2 CODIS loci of 990 Korean individuals using the Investigator(Ⓡ) HDplex kit. No significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing) or genetic linkage disequilibrium were observed. The calculated matching probability and power of discrimination ranged from 0.0080 to 0.2014, and 0.7986 to 0.9920, respectively. We conclude that the markers of the kit are highly informative corroborative tools for forensic DNA analysis...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343798/assessment-of-a-novel-transdermal-selective-%C3%AE-1-blocker-the-bisoprolol-patch-for-treating-frequent-premature-ventricular-contractions-in-patients-without-structural-heart-disease
#5
Masaya Shinohara, Tadashi Fujino, Hideki Koike, Ken Kitahara, Toshio Kinoshita, Hitomi Yuzawa, Takeya Suzuki, Shunji Fukunaga, Kenzaburo Kobayashi, Jiro Aoki, Kengo Tanabe, Takanori Ikeda
BACKGROUND: The autonomic nervous system involves the genesis of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Previous studies demonstrated that heart rate (HR) dependency of idiopathic PVCs has different autonomic mechanisms. Recently, the bisoprolol patch, a novel transdermal β1-blocker formulation containing bisoprolol, became clinically available. We examined the efficacy of the bisoprolol patch for treating frequent PVCs in patients without structural heart disease (SHD) regarding the HR dependency of PVCs...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228715/central-nervous-insulin-administration-before-nocturnal-sleep-decreases-breakfast-intake-in-healthy-young-and-elderly-subjects
#6
João C P Santiago, Manfred Hallschmid
Peripheral insulin acts on the brain to regulate metabolic functions, in particular decreasing food intake and body weight. This concept has been supported by studies in humans relying on the intranasal route of administration, a method that permits the direct permeation of insulin into the CNS without substantial absorption into the blood stream. We investigated if intranasal insulin administration before nocturnal sleep, a period of reduced metabolic activity and largely absent external stimulation, affects food intake and energy turnover on the subsequent morning...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213567/vitamin-d-receptor-as-a-target-for-breast-cancer-therapy
#7
Alyson Murray, Stephen Madden, Naoise C Synnott, Rut Klinger, Darran O'Connor, Norma O'Donovan, William Gallagher, John Crown, Michael Duffy
Considerable epidemiological evidence suggests that high levels of circulating vitamin D (VD) are associated with a decreased incidence and increased survival from cancer, i.e., VD may possess anti-cancer properties. The aim of this investigation was therefore to investigate the anti-cancer potential of a low calcemic vitamin D analogue, i.e., inecalcitol and compare it with the active form of vitamin D, i.e., calcitriol, in a panel of breast cancer cell lines (n = 15). Using the MTT assay, IC50 concentrations for response to calcitriol varied from 0...
February 17, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059480/polarization-microscopy-as-a-tool-for-quantitative-evaluation-of-collagen-using-picrosirius-red-in-different-stages-of-ckd-in-cats
#8
G B Morais, D A Viana, F M O Silva, F A F Xavier Júnior, K M Farias, C D'Ó Pessoa, J A M Silveira, A P N N Alves, M R L Mota, F D O Silva, C M S Sampaio, J M G Verdugo, J S A M Evangelista
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a relevant disease in feline clinic. The tubulointerstitial damage, with collagen deposition and fibrosis, is an important result of this process. The aim of this study was to quantify and correlate the deposition of collagen and severity of interstitial fibrosis (IF) in the kidney from cats in different stages of CKD. Kidney fragments from 10 adult cats with CKD were analyzed and stained by Masson's trichrome (MT) and Picrosirius red (PSR) for circular polarized microscopy. Random quantitative analysis was performed on MT sections to classify the degree of IF, per field area, with and without circular polarization...
January 6, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935666/comparison-of-transverse-computed-tomographic-excretory-urography-images-and-maximum-intensity-projection-images-for-diagnosing-ectopic-ureters-in-dogs
#9
Scott Secrest, Andrew Bugbee, Kenneth Waller, David A Jiménez
Computed tomographic maximum intensity projection (MIP) images have been shown to improve reader confidence in their diagnoses and to improve detection of vascular structures and pulmonary nodules. The objectives of this method comparison study were to compare transverse source computed tomographic excretory urography (CTEU) images to two, five, and 10 slab thick MIP images for diagnosing canine ectopic ureters, compare reader confidence, and evaluate interobserver agreement. Two board-certified veterinary radiologists and a board-certified small animal internist blindly reviewed transverse source CTEU and two, five, and 10 slab thick MIP images of 24 dogs enrolled in the study...
March 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882833/evaluation-of-real-world-experience-with-tofacitinib-compared-with-adalimumab-etanercept-and-abatacept-in-ra-patients-with-1-previous-biologic-dmard-data-from-a-u-s-administrative-claims-database
#10
James Harnett, Robert Gerber, David Gruben, Andrew S Koenig, Connie Chen
BACKGROUND: Real-world data comparing tofacitinib with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics, treatment patterns, and costs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving tofacitinib versus the most common bDMARDs (adalimumab [ADA], etanercept [ETN], and abatacept [ABA]) following a single bDMARD in a U.S. administrative claims database. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients aged ≥ 18 years with an RA diagnosis (ICD-9-CM codes 714...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764096/a-large-genome-wide-association-study-of-age-related-hearing-impairment-using-electronic-health-records
#11
Thomas J Hoffmann, Bronya J Keats, Noriko Yoshikawa, Catherine Schaefer, Neil Risch, Lawrence R Lustig
Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI), one of the most common sensory disorders, can be mitigated, but not cured or eliminated. To identify genetic influences underlying ARHI, we conducted a genome-wide association study of ARHI in 6,527 cases and 45,882 controls among the non-Hispanic whites from the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) cohort. We identified two novel genome-wide significant SNPs: rs4932196 (odds ratio = 1.185, p = 4.0x10-11), 52Kb 3' of ISG20, which replicated in a meta-analysis of the other GERA race/ethnicity groups (1,025 cases, 12,388 controls, p = 0...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737326/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-pulmonary-function-in-postmenopausal-women-following-an-aquatic-exercise-program
#12
Rodrigo Nolasco, Linda D F Moreira, Danilo S Bocalini, Fernanda C A O Fronza, Rosangela Villa Marin, Marise Lazaretti-Castro
Objective: This study sought to investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation and aquatic exercise on pulmonary function in postmenopausal women. Materials and methods: This prospective and controlled study included 104 women (62 ± 6.5 years) divided into three groups: a control group lacking vitamin D and calcium supplementation which remained sedentary (CG; n = 17); a control group receiving vitamin D and calcium supplementation which remained sedentary (CDG, n = 33); and a group that completed aquatic exercises three times a week and received vitamin D and calcium supplementation (DTG, n = 54)...
January 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634245/basis-set-convergence-of-ccsd-t-equilibrium-geometries-using-a-large-and-diverse-set-of-molecular-structures
#13
Peter R Spackman, Dylan Jayatilaka, Amir Karton
We examine the basis set convergence of the CCSD(T) method for obtaining the structures of the 108 neutral first- and second-row species in the W4-11 database (with up to five non-hydrogen atoms). This set includes a total of 181 unique bonds: 75 H-X, 49 X-Y, 43 X=Y, and 14 X≡Y bonds (where X and Y are first- and second-row atoms). As reference values, geometries optimized at the CCSD(T)/aug'-cc-pV(6+d)Z level of theory are used. We consider the basis set convergence of the CCSD(T) method with the correlation consistent basis sets cc-pV(n+d)Z and aug'-cc-pV(n+d)Z (n = D, T, Q, 5) and the Weigend-Ahlrichs def2-n ZVPP basis sets (n = T, Q)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472763/chondrocyte-morphology-in-stiff-and-soft-agarose-gels-and-the-influence-of-fetal-calf-serum
#14
Asima Karim, Andrew C Hall
Changes to chondrocyte volume/morphology may have deleterious effects on extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism potentially leading to cartilage deterioration and osteoarthritis (OA). The factors controlling chondrocyte properties are poorly understood, however, pericellular matrix (PCM) weakening may be involved. We have studied the density, volume, morphology, and clustering of cultured bovine articular chondrocytes within stiff (2% w/v) and soft (0.2% w/v) three-dimensional agarose gels. Gels with encapsulated chondrocytes were cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM; fetal calf serum (FCS) 1-10%;380 mOsm) for up to 7 days...
May 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390994/post-operative-atrial-fibrillation-is-associated-with-a-pre-existing-structural-and-electrical-substrate-in-human-right-atrial-myocardium
#15
Junaid A B Zaman, Leanne Harling, Hutan Ashrafian, Ara Darzi, Nigel Gooderham, Thanos Athanasiou, Nicholas S Peters
BACKGROUND: Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a major health economic burden. However, the precise mechanisms in POAF remain unclear. In other forms of AF, sites of high dominant frequency (DF) in sinus rhythm (SR) may harbour 'AF nests'. We studied AF inducibility in relation to substrate changes using epicardial electrograms and cardiomyocyte calcium handling in the atria of AF naïve patients. METHOD: Bipolar electrograms were recorded from the lateral right atrial (RA) wall in 34 patients undergoing coronary surgery using a high-density array in sinus rhythm (NSR)...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318111/hematological-differences-among-malaria-patients-in-rural-and-urban-ghana
#16
Shareen A Iqbal, Felix Botchway, Kingsley Badu, Nana O Wilson, Yvonne Dei-Adomakoh, Carmen M Dickinson-Copeland, Helena Chinbuah, Andrew A Adjei, Michael Wilson, Jonathan K Stiles, Adel Driss
BACKGROUND: Scarce studies have addressed hematological differences of malaria in urban and rural regions. METHODS: Full or complete blood cell counts from 46 and 75 individuals (age range from < 1 to 92 years) with uncomplicated malaria infection living in urban (Accra) and rural (Dodowa) Ghana, respectively, were assessed. Sickle cell trait and patients were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Between overall groups, patients from Accra had significantly lower parasite count (p < 0...
December 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312738/relation-of-cerebral-vessel-disease-to-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-cognitive-function-in-elderly-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Zoe Arvanitakis, Ana W Capuano, Sue E Leurgans, David A Bennett, Julie A Schneider
BACKGROUND: Few data on the pathology of cerebral vessel disease, dementia, and cognition are available. We examined the association of cerebral atherosclerosis and arteriolosclerosis neuropathology with probable and possible Alzheimer's disease dementia and cognitive function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included men and women aged 65 years or older who had yearly clinical assessments and had agreed to brain autopsy at the time of death, as part of one of two cohort studies of ageing (The Religious Orders Study and the Rush Memory and Aging Project)...
August 2016: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220593/pulmonary-artery-pressure-guided-heart-failure-management-reduces-30-day-readmissions
#18
Philip B Adamson, William T Abraham, Lynne Warner Stevenson, Akshay S Desai, JoAnn Lindenfeld, Robert C Bourge, Jordan Bauman
BACKGROUND: This study examines the impact of pulmonary artery pressure-guided heart failure (HF) care on 30-day readmissions in Medicare-eligible patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CardioMicroelectromechanical system (CardioMEMS) Heart Sensor Allows Monitoring of Pressures to Improve Outcomes in New York Heart Association Class III Heart Failure Patients (CHAMPION) Trial included 550 patients implanted with a permanent MEMS-based pressure sensor in the pulmonary artery...
June 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180576/genetic-identification-of-spirometra-decipiens-plerocercoids-in-terrestrial-snakes-from-korea-and-china
#19
Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Hansol Park, Dongmin Lee, Seongjun Choe, Kyu-Heon Kim, Woon-Mok Sohn, Keeseon S Eom
Human sparganosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with larval forms (procercoid/plerocercoid) of Spirometra spp. The purpose of this study was to identify Spirometra spp. of infected snakes using a multiplex PCR assay and phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequence data from the spargana of terrestrial snakes obtained from Korea and China. A total of 283 snakes were obtained that included 4 species of Colubridae comprising Rhabdophis tigrinus tigrinus (n=150), Dinodon rufozonatum rufozonatum (n=64), Elaphe davidi (n=2), and Elaphe schrenkii (n=7), and 1 species of Viperidae, Agkistrodon saxatilis (n=60)...
April 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160558/simultaneous-measurement-of-friction-and-wear-in-hip-simulators
#20
Hani Haider, Joel N Weisenburger, Kevin L Garvin
We propose and have evaluated a method to measure hip friction during wear testing on a popular multi-station hip simulator. A 6-degree-of-freedom load cell underneath the specimen sensed forces and torques during implant wear testing of simulated walking. This included internal-external and adduction-abduction rotations which are often neglected during friction testing on pendulum-type machines. Robust mathematical analysis and data processing provided friction estimates in three simultaneous orthogonal rotations, over extended multi-million cycle wear tests...
May 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
keyword
keyword
92603
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"