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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528354/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-resistance-training-in-women-with-chronic-computer-related-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Xiao Li, Caina Lin, Cuicui Liu, Songjian Ke, Qing Wan, Haijie Luo, Zhuxi Huang, Wenjun Xin, Chao Ma, Shaoling Wu
BACKGROUND: Chronic computer-related neck pain is common among office workers. Studies have proposed neck strengthening exercise as a therapy to pain relieving and function improvement. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of different loading resistance trainings and we hypothesized that women with work-related neck pain could benefit more from progressive resistance training for pain and function recovery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted and subjects characterized by monotonous jobs were recruited...
May 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527962/resolution-of-mitral-regurgitation-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-support
#2
Matthew Goodwin, Hassan W Nemeh, Jamil Borgi, Gaetano Paone, Jeffrey A Morgan
BACKGROUND: Cardiac valve disease is common in patients with end-stage heart failure undergoing left ventricular assist device implantation (LVAD). The aim of this study was to determine if preoperative mitral regurgitation (MR) affects outcomes and hemodynamics in patients after LVAD implantation. METHODS: From March 2006 through May 2015, 238 consecutive patients underwent LVAD implantation. Patient cohorts included less than moderate to severe MR (< moderate-severe, n = 195) and greater than or equal to moderate to severe MR (≥ moderate-severe, n = 43)...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527808/short-communication-effect-of-whey-protein-addition-and-transglutaminase-treatment-on-the-physical-and-sensory-properties-of-reduced-fat-ice-cream
#3
Erfan Danesh, Mostafa Goudarzi, Hossein Jooyandeh
The effects of whey protein addition and transglutaminase treatment, alone and in combination, on the physical and sensory properties of reduced-fat ice cream were investigated. Adding whey protein with or without enzyme treatment decreased melting rate, overrun, and hardness of the reduced-fat ice cream; however, the enzyme-treated sample had a higher melting rate and overrun and softer texture. Whey protein-fortified samples showed higher melting resistance, but lower overrun and firmer texture compared with the enzyme-treated sample without added whey protein...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527212/apolipoprotein-e4-gender-body-mass-index-inflammation-insulin-resistance-and-air-pollution-interactions-recipe-for-alzheimer-s-disease-development-in-mexico-city-young-females
#4
Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Suzanne M de la Monte
Given the epidemiological trends of increasing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and growing evidence that exposure and lifestyle factors contribute to AD risk and pathogenesis, attention should be paid to variables such as air pollution, in order to reduce rates of cognitive decline and dementia. Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) above the US EPA standards is associated with AD risk. Mexico City children experienced pre- and postnatal high exposures to PM2.5, O3, combustion-derived iron-rich nanoparticles, metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and endotoxins...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526992/epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-emt-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-omani-women
#5
Ritu Lakhtakia, Adil Aljarrah, Muhammad Furrukh, Shyam S Ganguly
Breast cancer (BC) in Oman affects younger women and has a more aggressive course. Clinical and biological variables like age, pregnancy, tumor size, type, grade, receptor expression and proliferation predict disease aggression but there is no direct predictor of metastasis except lymphovascular invasion. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is characterized by epithelial cells losing epithelial and acquiring mesenchymal morpho-immunophenotypic characteristics. In tumors, EMT-like transitions may signify a metastatic phenotype and have features in common with cancer stem cells (CSC) which show resistance to chemotherapy...
May 19, 2017: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526782/acute-impact-of-drinking-coffee-on-the-cerebral-and-systemic-vasculature
#6
Takuro Washio, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Shigehiko Ogoh
Previous studies have suggested that the risk of ischemic stroke increases immediately after drinking coffee. Indeed, drinking coffee, that is, caffeine, acutely increases arterial stiffness as well as blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistance. On the other hand, it has been reported that arterial stiffening is associated with elevation in the pulsatility index (PI) of cerebral blood flow (CBF), which increases the risk of brain disease. However, the effect of drinking coffee on the PI of the CBF and its interaction with arterial stiffness remain unknown...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526406/trastuzumab-emtansine-suppresses-the-growth-of-her2-positive-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-preclinical-models
#7
Osamu Morimura, Toshiyuki Minami, Takashi Kijima, Shohei Koyama, Tomoyuki Otsuka, Yuhei Kinehara, Akio Osa, Masayoshi Higashiguchi, Kotaro Miyake, Izumi Nagatomo, Haruhiko Hirata, Kota Iwahori, Takayuki Takimoto, Yoshito Takeda, Hiroshi Kida, Atsushi Kumanogoh
Overcoming chemoresistance is essential for achieving better prognoses in SCLC. Previously, we reported that HER2 is upregulated when HER2-positive SCLC cells acquire chemoresistance. HER2-upregulated cisplatin- or etoposide-resistant SCLC cells were sensitive to trastuzumab-mediated ADCC. However, irinotecan-resistant SCLC cells, such as SBC-3/SN-38, were refractory to trastuzumab despite high HER2 expression. To address this issue, we examined the antitumor efficacy of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) on trastuzumab-resistant HER2-positive SCLC...
May 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526378/association-between-prepregnancy-obesity-and-metabolic-risk-in-chilean-premenopausal-women-10%C3%A2-y-postpartum
#8
Maria Luisa Garmendia, Carolina Zamudio, Marcela Araya, Juliana Kain
OBJECTIVES: One of every four pregnant women in Chile is obese. Gestational obesity is associated with maternal metabolic complications in pregnancy (e.g., gestational diabetes, preeclampsia), but to our knowledge, there is little evidence on relationships with future metabolic risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prepregnancy obesity (prepregnancy body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG; according to the 2009 recommendations from the Institute of Medicine), and maternal metabolic complications 10 y postpartum in premenopausal Chilean women...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526377/orange-juice-allied-to-a-reduced-calorie-diet-results-in-weight-loss-and-ameliorates-obesity-related-biomarkers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Carolina Ribeiro, Grace Dourado, Thais Cesar
OBJECTIVE: Assumptions have linked orange juice (OJ) consumption with weight gain and adverse effects on health due to its sugar content; however, epidemiologic studies have not shown increased risk for overweight or obesity with the consumption of 100% OJ. The aim of this study was to verify whether the combination of a reduced-calorie diet (RCD) and 100% OJ contribute to weight loss, promote changes in glucose and lipid metabolism, and improve diet quality in obese individuals. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with 78 obese patients (age 36 ± 1 y, body mass index [BMI] 33 ± 3 kg/m(2)) were enrolled in two groups: Individuals in the OJ group submitted to an RCD that included OJ (500 mL/d), and individuals in the control group submitted to an RCD without OJ...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525998/androsterone-glucuronide-to-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate-ratio-is-discriminatory-for-obese-caucasian-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Li-Wei Cho, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Eric S Kilpatrick, Brian G Keevil, Adrian G Miller, Anne M Coady, Lina Ahmed, Stephen L Atkin
BACKGROUND: Androsterone glucuronide (ADTG) concentrations have been suggested as a marker of the effects of androgens at the target tissue level. As the mechanism for hyperandrogenemia in obese and nonobese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may differ, this study compared the different androgen parameters in non-obese compared to obese women with PCOS, and in normal subjects. METHODS: Eleven non-obese and 14 obese women with PCOS were recruited and compared to 11 control women without PCOS...
May 19, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525841/ll-37-derived-short-antimicrobial-peptide-kr-12-a5-and-its-d-amino-acid-substituted-analogs-with-cell-selectivity-anti-biofilm-activity-synergistic-effect-with-conventional-antibiotics-and-anti-inflammatory-activity
#11
Eun Young Kim, Ganesan Rajasekaran, Song Yub Shin
KR-12-a5 is a 12-meric α-helical antimicrobial peptide (AMP) with dual antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities designed from human cathelicidin LL-37. We designed and synthesized a series of d-amino acid-substituted analogs of KR-12-a5 with the aim of developing novel α-helical AMPs that possess higher cell selectivity than KR-12-a5, while maintaining the anti-inflammatory activity. d-amino acid incorporation into KR-12-a5 induced a significant improvement in the cell selectivity by 2.6- to 13.6-fold as compared to KR-12-a5, while maintaining the anti-inflammatory activity...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525354/the-relationship-between-insulin-resistance-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-obese-adolescents
#12
Preneet Cheema Brar, Payal Patel, Stuart Katz
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction share a reciprocal relationship that links the metabolic and cardiovascular sequelae of obesity. We characterized the brachial artery reactivity testing (BART) and carotid artery-intima media thickness (CIMT) in adolescents categorized as obese insulin resistant (OIR) and obese not insulin resistant (ONIR). Lipoprotein particle (p) analysis and inflammatory cytokines in OIR and ONIR groups were also analyzed. METHODS: Obese adolescents (n=40; mean body mass index [BMI] 35...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523044/evaluation-of-the-synergistic-effect-of-a-combination-of-colistin-and-tigecycline-against-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacterbaumannii
#13
Ilkem Acar Kaya, Muberra Devrim Guner, Gulcin Akca, Semra Tuncbilek, Aslihan Alhan, Emin Tekeli
OBJECTIVE: Acinetobacter baumannii species cause nosocomial infections and can subsequently develop multidrug resistance (MDR). The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of A. baumannii to a novel combination of colistin and tigecycline, which may provide a faster and more efficacious treatment via a synergistic effect. METHODS: We included 50 MDR A. baumannii samples that were isolated in our clinics between 2009 and 2014. We used broth microdilution (BMD) and the E-test to evaluate the effects of colistin and tigecycline, and the E-test to assess the interaction of the colistin-tigecycline combination...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523025/association-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-deficiency-with-thyroid-artery-doppler-ultrasonography-in-patients-with-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#14
Ahmet Nalbant, Ayhan Aydin, Alper Karacan, Attila Onmez, Ali Tamer, Hakan Cinemre
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: During the course of the autoimmune thyroid diseases, ultrasonography change parallel to histopathology. Vitamin D is associated with autoimmune diseases and thus can affect thyroid blood flow. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency and thyroid hemodynamic indices in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis. METHODS: A total of 93 patients who presented to Sakarya University Endocrinology outpatient clinic from April to September 2016 and diagnosed with Hashimoto thyroiditis were included in this study...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522756/influence-of-sex-menstrual-cycle-and-oral-contraceptives-on-cerebrovascular-resistance-and-cardiorespiratory-function-during-valsalva-or-standing
#15
Syed Abidi, Misha Nili, Stephania Serna, Simon Kim, Christopher Hazlett, Heather Edgell
Women experience orthostatic intolerance more than men, and experience faintness more in the early follicular (i.e. low hormone (LH)) compared to the luteal (i.e. high hormone (HH)) phase of the menstrual cycle. Men (n=13, age: 25.8±1.8) and women in the LH (day 2-5; placebo) and HH) (day 18-24; high dose) phases of the menstrual cycle with (OC; n=14, age: 22.0±0.8) or without oral contraceptives (NOC; n=12, age: 21.8±0.5) underwent the Valsalva maneuver and a supine-sit-stand protocol. Blood pressure, normalized stroke volume (SVi), cardiac output index (Qi), heart rate (HR), end-tidal carbon dioxide (ET-CO2), and middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCA) were measured...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522275/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-left-ventricular-systolic-loading-and-coronary-flow-reserve-in-healthy-young-men
#16
Volker Schulze, Christian Meyer, Christian Eickholt, Roberto Sansone, Stefanie Keymel, Christian Heiss, Tienush Rassaf, Malte Kelm, Stephan Steiner
BACKGROUND: Increased augmentation index (AIx) is accompanied by an elevated cardiovascular risk. A reduction of AIx is known for long-term continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. We hypothesised that acute preload and left ventricular workload effects AIx and subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) as a marker of coronary flow reserve. METHODS: Increased augmentation index and central blood pressure parameters were measured by radial artery tonometry in 17 healthy men (32/±6years) at rest and during CPAP ventilation at pressures of 5, 10mbar and after recovery...
March 31, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521932/discordance-between-fractional-flow-reserve-and-coronary-flow-reserve-insights-from-intracoronary-imaging-and-physiological%C3%A2-assessment
#17
Sung Gyun Ahn, Jon Suh, Olivia Y Hung, Hee Su Lee, Yasir H Bouchi, Wenjie Zeng, Rounak Gandhi, Parham Eshtehardi, Bill D Gogas, Habib Samady
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the epicardial and microvascular substrates associated with discordances between fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) values. BACKGROUND: Discordances between FFR and CFR remain poorly characterized. METHODS: FFR, hyperemic stenosis resistance (HSR), and intravascular ultrasound were performed as indexes of epicardial function and CFR and hyperemic microvascular resistance (HMR) as measures of microvascular function in 94 patients with moderate coronary stenosis...
May 22, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521878/combining-a-nontargeted-and-targeted-metabolomics-approach-to-identify-metabolic-pathways-significantly-altered-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Alice Y Chang, Antigoni Z Lalia, Gregory D Jenkins, Tumpa Dutta, Rickey E Carter, Ravinder J Singh, K Sreekumaran Nair
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition of androgen excess and chronic anovulation frequently associated with insulin resistance. We combined a nontargeted and targeted metabolomics approach to identify pathways and metabolites that distinguished PCOS from metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Twenty obese women with PCOS were compared with 18 obese women without PCOS. Both groups met criteria for MetS but could not have diabetes mellitus or take medications that treat PCOS or affect lipids or insulin sensitivity...
June 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521513/astragalus-polysaccharides-attenuate-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-rats
#19
Lin-Bo Yuan, Chun-Yan Hua, Sheng Gao, Ya-Ling Yin, Mao Dai, Han-Yan Meng, Piao-Piao Li, Zhong-Xin Yang, Qing-Hua Hu
Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) have been shown to possess a variety of biological activities including anti-oxidant and anti-inflammation functions in a number of diseases. However, their function in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is still unknown. Rats received APS (200[Formula: see text]mg/kg once two days) for 2 weeks after being injected with monocrotaline (MCT; 60[Formula: see text]mg/kg). The pulmonary hemodynamic index, right ventricular hypertrophy, and lung morphological features of the rat models were examined, as well as the NO/eNOS ratio of wet lung and dry lung weight and MPO...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521267/epileptogenic-high-frequency-oscillations-skip-the-motor-area-in-children-with-multilobar-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#20
Yasushi Iimura, Kevin Jones, Kyoko Hattori, Yushi Okazawa, Atsuko Noda, Kana Hoashi, Yutaka Nonoda, Eishi Asano, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Cristina Go, Ayako Ochi, O Carter Snead, Elizabeth J Donner, James T Rutka, James M Drake, Hiroshi Otsubo
OBJECTIVE: Subtotal hemispherectomy involves the resection of multiple lobes in children with drug-resistant epilepsy, skipping the motor area (MA). We determined epileptogenicity using the occurrence rate (OR) of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) and the modulation index (MI), demonstrating strength of coupling between HFO and slow wave. We hypothesized that epileptogenicity increased over the multiple lobes but skipped the MA. METHODS: We analyzed 23 children (14 subtotal hemispherectomy; 9 multilobar resections)...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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