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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642826/-investigation-of-high-risk-st131-clone-in-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-isolated-from-urine-and-non-urinary-clinical-specimens-with-maldi-tof-ms-and-real-time-pcr
#1
Zeynep Çizmeci, Barış Otlu, Elif Aktaş, Seyhan Ördekçi, Özlem Açıkgöz, Nuray Güleç
In recent years, the ST131 clone was identified as a high risk pandemic clone among Escherichia coli isolates by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) studies and has been associated with extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production (often with CTX-M-15) and antibiotic resistance especially against fluoroquinolones. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of high risk ST131 clone in ESBL producing E.coli isolates in our region, to investigate the sensitivity of MALDI-TOF MS in the detection of ST131 clone, and to compare the frequency of antimicrobial resistance among ST131 and non-ST131 isolates...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628921/prevalence-and-characterization-of-multi-drug-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-isolated-from-lebanese-poultry-a-nationwide-study
#2
Iman Dandachi, Elie S Sokhn, Elias A Dahdouh, Eid Azar, Bassel El-Bazzal, Jean-Marc Rolain, Ziad Daoud
Currently, antimicrobial resistance is one of the most prominent public health issues. In fact, there is increasing evidence that animals constitute a reservoir of antimicrobial resistance. In collaboration with the Lebanese Ministry of Agriculture, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal carriage of multi-drug-resistant Gram-negative Bacilli in poultry farms at the national level. Between August and December 2015, 981 fecal swabs were obtained from 49 poultry farms distributed across Lebanon...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621582/fast-and-easy-detection-of-cmy-2-in-escherichia-coli-by-direct-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry
#3
Roque Figueroa Espinosa, Valeria Rumi, Martín Marchisio, Daniela Cejas, Marcela Radice, Carlos Vay, Rubén Barrios, Gabriel Gutkind, José Di Conza
Fast typing methods for third generation cephalosporin resistance mechanisms are needed to guide appropriate treatment and prevent potential dissemination events. In this study we used a novel short and fast methodology for the identification of CMY-2 in 50 well characterized clinical isolates of E. coli by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry- MALDI-TOF MS. Samples were prepared using the double layer sinapinic acid technique for detection of intact proteins Comparison among mass spectral profile of different strains between m/z 35,000-45,000 Da showed that two groups of isolates could be differentiated after peak analysis...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562744/-rapid-decision-of-esbl-from-blood-culture-positive-bottles-using-maldi-tof-ms-and-sysmex-uf-5000
#4
Takenori Yamashita
In recent years, the appearance of MALDI-TOF MS made it possible to identify bacterial species in a short time. However, the sensitivity test has not largely shortened the time. When ESBL is suspected by routine examination, we speculate that there are many institutions conducting the inspection method conforming to the CLSI inspection procedure. When carrying out bacteria identification, susceptibility test and ESBL confirmation test from blood culture-positive specimens, the expected examination days are required for about 3 to 4 days, which is not quick...
March 25, 2018: JARMAM: Journal of the Association for Rapid Method and Automation in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474660/performance-of-the-accelerate-pheno%C3%A2-system-for-identification-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-of-a-panel-of-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-directly-from-positive-blood-cultures
#5
Alix Pantel, Julien Monier, Jean-Philippe Lavigne
Objectives: To evaluate the performance of the Accelerate Pheno™ system for the identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of a panel of Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) with different resistance profiles (e.g. penicillinases, ESBLs, cephalosporinase overproduction, carbapenemases, impermeability) directly from positive blood cultures in <7 h. Methods: A panel of 105 clinical strains previously characterized for the presence of β-lactamase-encoding genes was tested...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411729/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-ampc-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-turkish-community
#6
G Hazirolan, I Mumcuoglu, G Altan, B B Özmen, N Aksu, Z C Karahan
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired infection caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing microorganisms has an increasing frequency. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the fecal carriage of ESBL and AmpC beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in community and to investigate cefotaxime-M (CTX-M) genes among ESBL isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1402 fecal specimens which were collected from outpatients included in the study...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390982/characteristics-of-diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-with-acute-diarrhea-a-hospital-based-study
#7
Yu Zhou, Xuhui Zhu, Hongyan Hou, Yanfang Lu, Jing Yu, Lie Mao, Liyan Mao, Ziyong Sun
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is the leading infectious cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Among bacterial agents, diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is the major causal agent of childhood diarrhea in developing countries, particularly in children under the age of 5 years. Here, we performed a hospital-based prospective study to explore the pathotype distribution, epidemiological characteristics and antibiotic resistance patterns of DEC from < 5-year-old diarrheal children. METHODS: Between August 2015 and September 2016, 684 stool samples were collected from children (< 5 years old) with acute diarrhea...
February 1, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318461/ceftriaxone-promotes-the-emergence-of-ampc-overproducing-enterobacteriaceae-in-gut-microbiota-from-hospitalized-patients
#8
Victoire de Lastours, Tiphaine Goulenok, François Guérin, Hervé Jacquier, Cindy Eyma, Françoise Chau, Vincent Cattoir, Bruno Fantin
Epidemiological data suggest that ceftriaxone may promote the emergence of commensal AmpC-overproducing Enterobacteriaceae because of a high biliary excretion. We tested this hypothesis in hospitalized patients either treated by ceftriaxone alone or receiving no antibiotics. Hospitalized patients with no previous antibiotics or hospitalization in the last 3 months, treated only with ceftriaxone, were prospectively included. For each ceftriaxone-treated patient, a control patient receiving no antibiotics was included...
March 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228202/activity-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-against-problem-enterobacteriaceae-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-the-uk-2015-16
#9
David M Livermore, Danièle Meunier, Katie L Hopkins, Michel Doumith, Robert Hill, Rachel Pike, Peter Staves, Neil Woodford
Background: Ceftazidime/avibactam combines an established oxyimino-cephalosporin with the first diazabicyclooctane β-lactamase inhibitor to enter clinical use. We reviewed its activity against Gram-negative isolates, predominantly from the UK, referred for resistance investigation in the first year of routine testing, beginning in July 2015. Methods: Isolates were as received from referring laboratories; there is a bias to submit those with suspected carbapenem resistance...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063880/discriminatory-power-of-three-typing-techniques-in-determining-relatedness-of-nosocomial-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-india
#10
Swathi Purighalla, Sarita Esakimuthu, Mallika Reddy, George K Varghese, Vijay S Richard, Vasan K Sambandamurthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the discriminatory power of two DNA-based technique and a protein-based technique for the typing of nosocomial isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae. A second objective was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and characterise the presence of genes encoding extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and carbapenemases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six K. pneumoniae isolates from patients with bloodstream infections at a tertiary care hospital in India between December 2014 and December 2015 were studied...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042339/clonal-dissemination-of-oxa-48-producing-enterobacter-cloacae-isolates-from-companion-animals-in-algeria
#11
Massilia Yousfi, Abdelaziz Touati, Anaelle Muggeo, Brazane Mira, Bourouis Asma, Lucien Brasme, Thomas Guillard, Christophe de Champs
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in companion animals. METHODS: Between October 2015 and April 2016, 533 rectal swabs were obtained from healthy and diseased pets in different cities in Algeria. Samples were plated on MacConkey agar supplemented with ertapenem (0.5mg/L). Isolates were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion method...
March 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038283/ctx-m-15-producing-shewanella-species-clinical-isolate-expressing-oxa-535-a-chromosome-encoded-oxa-48-variant-putative-progenitor-of-the-plasmid-encoded-oxa-436
#12
Agnès B Jousset, Laura Dabos, Rémy A Bonnin, Delphine Girlich, Anaïs Potron, Nicolas Cabanel, Laurent Dortet, Philippe Glaser, Thierry Naas
Shewanella spp. constitute a reservoir of antibiotic resistance determinants. In a bile sample, we identified three extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria ( Escherichia coli , Klebsiella pneumoniae , and Shewanella sp. strain JAB-1) isolated from a child suffering from cholangitis. Our objectives were to characterize the genome and the resistome of the first ESBL-producing isolate of the genus Shewanella and determine whether plasmidic exchange occurred between the three bacterial species...
January 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921905/antibiotic-resistant-escherichia-coli-in-southeastern-australian-pig-herds-and-implications-for-surveillance
#13
L K van Breda, O P Dhungyel, M P Ward
To investigate public health implications of antibiotics to control post-weaning scours, we surveyed 22 commercial pig herds in southeastern Australia. Fifty faecal samples per herd were collected from pre- and post-weaned piglets. Presumptive Escherichia coli isolates were confirmed by MALDI-TOF MS. Isolates (n = 325) were screened for susceptibility to 19 veterinary antibiotics using MIC broth microdilution. All 325 E. coli isolates underwent further testing against 27 antibiotics used in human medicine and were screened for ETEC adhesin and enterotoxin genes (F4 (K88), F5 (K99), F6 (987P), F18, F41, STa, STb, Stx2e and LT) by multiplex PCR...
February 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776045/whole-genome-sequencing-of-human-clinical-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-reveals-misidentification-and-misunderstandings-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-klebsiella-variicola-and-klebsiella-quasipneumoniae
#14
S Wesley Long, Sarah E Linson, Matthew Ojeda Saavedra, Concepcion Cantu, James J Davis, Thomas Brettin, Randall J Olsen
Klebsiella pneumoniae is a major threat to public health, causing significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The emergence of highly drug-resistant strains is particularly concerning. There has been a recognition and division of Klebsiella pneumoniae into three distinct phylogenetic groups: Klebsiella pneumoniae , Klebsiella variicola , and Klebsiella quasipneumoniae . K. variicola and K. quasipneumoniae have often been described as opportunistic pathogens that have less virulence in humans than K. pneumoniae does...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674064/oxa-244-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-a-challenge-for-clinical-microbiology-laboratories
#15
Yannick Hoyos-Mallecot, Thierry Naas, Rémy A Bonnin, Rafael Patino, Philippe Glaser, Nicolas Fortineau, Laurent Dortet
OXA-244 is a single-point-mutant derivative of OXA-48 displaying reduced carbapenemase activity. Here, we report the microbiological features of seven OXA-244-producing Escherichia coli isolates. Only one isolate grew on ChromID Carba Smart medium (bioMérieux), but six of the seven isolates grew on ChromID extended-spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL) medium (bioMérieux), as they coproduced an ESBL and/or a plasmid-encoded cephalosporinase. The production of a carbapenemase was detected in 57.1%, 71.4%, 71.4%, and 100% of the E...
September 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655678/prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-phenotypes-in-enterobacteria-isolated-from-blood-cultures-of-patients-at-admission-to-the-university-hospital-of-bamako
#16
S A Sangaré, A I Maïga, A Maïga, S Diallo, N Camara, S Savadogo, I Guindo, F Bougoudogo, L Armand-Lefèvre, A Andremont, I I Maïga
The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) phenotypes among the enterobacteria present in blood cultures of patients at admission to two university hospitals of Bamako (Mali). During a period of three months, we isolated enterobacteria from blood cultures from patients upon admission to the Point G and Gabriel Toure University Hospitals. The ESBL-positive enterobacteria were initially identified by API 20E strips and VITEK(®)2 and then confirmed in France by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry at the Bichat Hospital bacteriology laboratory...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630686/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-egyptian-patients-with-community-onset-gastrointestinal-complaints-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
H M Abdallah, N Alnaiemi, E A Reuland, B B Wintermans, A Koek, A M Abdelwahab, A Samy, K W Abdelsalam, C M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase production among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from ambulatory patients with gastrointestinal complaints admitted to El-Ahrar General Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt in the period between January 2013 and May 2013. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen Enterobacteriaceae isolates were recovered from 100 consecutive Egyptian patients with community-onset gastrointestinal complaints...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506272/prevalence-and-clonal-relationship-of-esbl-producing-salmonella-strains-from-humans-and-poultry-in-northeastern-algeria
#18
Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal, Jean-Marc Rolain
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluate the relationship between avian and human Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates. Salmonella was screened in different sample matrices collected at thirty-two chicken farms and five slaughterhouses. The human isolates were recovered from clinical specimens at the University Teaching Hospital of Constantine (UTH)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486169/characterization-of-oxa-48-like-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-river-water-in-algeria
#19
Rima Tafoukt, Abdelaziz Touati, Thongpan Leangapichart, Sofiane Bakour, Jean-Marc Rolain
The spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is a significant problem for healthcare worldwide. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in water environments in Algeria are unknown. The aim of this study was to screen for the presence of CPE isolates in the Soummam River in Bejaia, Algeria. Isolates of Enterobacteriaceae recovered from twelve samples of river water and showing reduced susceptibility to carbapenems were included in this study. The isolates were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
September 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467251/a-first-insight-into-escherichia-coli-st131-high-risk-clone-among-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-urine-isolates-in-istanbul-with-the-use-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-and-real-time-pcr
#20
Elif Aktaş, Barış Otlu, Duygu Erdemir, Hatice Ekici, Emin Bulut
OBJECTIVES: We aim to investigate, as a first insight, the presence and rates of high-risk Escherichia coli ST131 clone in Istanbul and evaluate antimicrobial resistance and CTX-M-15 production of ST131 and non-ST131 isolates. The use of MALDI-TOF MS (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass-spectrometry) to detect E. coli ST131 clone is also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 203 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing urinary isolates from a training hospital in Istanbul were investigated...
December 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
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