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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341811/impact-of-distance-education-via-interactive-videoconferencing-on-students-course-performance-and-satisfaction
#1
Olga M Klibanov, Christian Dolder, Kevin Anderson, Heather A Kehr, J Andrew Woods
The impact of distance education via interactive videoconferencing on pharmacy students' performance in a course was assessed after implementation of a distance campus. Students filled out a "Student Demographic Survey" and a "Precourse Knowledge Assessment" at the start of the course and a "Postcourse Knowledge Assessment" and a "Postcourse Student Perceptions Survey" at the end of the course. The primary end point, a comparison of course grades (%) between the main and distance campuses, was examined using the two-sample t-test...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341514/opportunity-costs-in-paediatric-training-the-specialist-registrars-experience
#2
M B O'Neill, T Nabialek, N Kandamany
In the training process, there is a tension between the work life and home life of trainees. This study explored both the personal impact and the opportunity costs of training from the Specialist Paediatric Registrar (SPR) perspective. The survey explored 1) career progression, 2) perceived functional effectiveness at work, 3) psychological impact of hospital based training, and 4) the personal and social cost of training. Fifty-three (71%) SPRs responded of whom 47 (89%)were married or in long term relationships...
August 8, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341289/medically-unexplained-dermatologic-symptoms-muds-hiding-in-plain-sight
#3
David J Elpern
Illness is not the same as disease. Illness refers to "the innately human experience of symptoms and suffering." 1 Disease "is what the practitioner creates in recasting illness in terms of theories of disorder." 1 A person's subjective experience of how she feels may not assume an underlying pathology. Illness can be organic, psychological or spiritual. A person can feel ill, but not have a disease. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 17, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341191/working-and-caring-for-a-child-with-chronic-illness-a-review-of-current-literature
#4
A M Kish, P A Newcombe, D M Haslam
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical knowledge have contributed to the increase in the number of children living with some form of long-term chronic illness or condition. As a consequence of these advancements, treatments that are more accessible and easier to administer, usually within a child's home, have been developed. However, this may mean that parents take on greater treatment responsibility and require extra time and energy to meet these tasks, additional to other responsibilities...
January 16, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341057/-suicidal-adolescents-can-benefit-from-family-group-conferences
#5
J A Koudstaal, G Schout, R H B Simons-Van Alphen, R R J M Vermeiren
A risk factor among suicidal adolescents is generally their inability to form and maintain relationships with other people. In the case that we investigated, the technique known as Family Group Conference (FGC) was used successfully to break through the adolescent's passivity and social isolation. The FGC also helped to alter the adolescent's conviction of being a burden to relatives, friends and other people. The results are in line with additional studies that used FGC with other target groups. This case study suggests that FGC is a promising type of intervention that can reduce the passivity and isolation of suicidal adolescents, strengthening their relationships and boosting a feeling of belonging...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340965/emotional-and-social-characteristics-of-stroke-patients-with-low-verbal-memory
#6
Ewa Zawadzka, Łucja Domańska
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits, especially problems with memory observed after stroke often coexist with patients' experience of difficulties in everyday life situations. AIMS: The purposes of the study were to explore the relationships between verbal memory, emotional functioning and social competence in stroke patients, and to examine the emotional and social condition of stroke patients with low verbal memory. METHODS: Ninety-five participants were assessed with the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile, and the Social Competency Questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340772/the-influence-of-passionate-love-on-self-other-discrimination-during-joint-action
#7
Virginie Quintard, Stéphane Jouffre, Jean-Claude Croizet, Cedric A Bouquet
Prior research on romantic relationships suggests that being in love involves a blurring of self-other cognitive boundaries. However, this research has focused so far on conceptual self-representation, related to the individual's traits or interests. The present study tested the hypothesis that passionate love involves a reduced discrimination between the self and the romantic partner at a bodily level, as indexed by an increased Joint Simon effect (JSE), and we further examined whether this self-other discrimination correlated with the passion felt for the partner...
January 16, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340251/the-relationships-between-exercise-and-affective-states-a-naturalistic-longitudinal-study-of-recreational-runners
#8
Tim Bonham, Gillian V Pepper, Daniel Nettle
Background: Although people generally feel more positive and more energetic in the aftermath of exercise than before, longitudinal research on how exercise relates to within-person fluctuations in affect over the course of everyday life is still relatively limited. One constraint on doing such research is the need to provide participants with accelerometers to objectively record their exercise, and pagers to capture affective reports. Aims: We aimed to develop a methodology for studying affect and exercise using only technology that participants already possess, namely GPS running watches and smartphones...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339936/satellite-stories-capturing-professional-experiences-of-academic-health-sciences-librarians-working-in-delocalized-health-sciences-programs
#9
Jackie Phinney, Amanda Rose Horsman
Objective: Health sciences training programs have progressively expanded onto satellite campuses, allowing students the opportunity to learn in communities away from an academic institution's main campus. This expansion has encouraged a new role for librarians to assume, in that a subset of health sciences librarians identify as "satellite librarians" who are permanently located at a distance from the main campus. Due to the unique nature of this role and lack of existing data on the topic, the authors investigated the experiences and perceptions of this unique group of information professionals...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339480/local-policy-proposals-can-bridge-latino-and-most-white-americans-response-to-immigration
#10
Yuen J Huo, John F Dovidio, Tomás R Jiménez, Deborah J Schildkraut
In the past 15 years, the adoption of subnational immigration policies in the United States, such as those established by individual states, has gone from nearly zero to over 300 per year. These include welcoming policies aimed at attracting and incorporating immigrants, as well as unwelcoming policies directed at denying immigrants access to public resources and services. Using data from a 2016 random digit-dialing telephone survey with an embedded experiment, we examine whether institutional support for policies that are either welcoming or hostile toward immigrants differentially shape Latinos' and whites' feelings of belonging in their state (Arizona/New Mexico, adjacent states with contrasting immigration policies)...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338915/the-significance-of-avoiding-household-food-waste-a-means-end-chain-approach
#11
Beate Richter, Wolfgang Bokelmann
Many humans suffer from hunger, while edible food is discarded. This study aims at showing the importance of avoiding food waste in households and its causes by applying the means-end-chain analysis. Additional the means-end-chain approach should be examined in how far the method is suitable to get insights towards this topic. Consumer backgrounds in terms of feelings and attitudes regarding food waste should be shown, with the particular question why food waste personally is important. The data collection occurred utilizing the hard laddering method within a quantitative online survey...
January 12, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338708/patterns-of-illness-disclosure-among-indian-slum-dwellers-a-qualitative-study
#12
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Slum dwellers display specific traits when it comes to disclosing their illnesses to professionals. The resulting actions lead to poor health-seeking behaviour and underutilisation of existing formal health facilities. The ways that slum people use to communicate their feelings about illness, the type of confidants that they choose, and the supportive and unsupportive social and cultural interactions to which they are exposed have not yet been studied in the Indian context, which constitutes an important knowledge gap for Indian policymakers and practitioners alike...
January 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338623/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-from-the-perspective-of-turkish-patients-a-qualitative-study
#13
Zehra Gok Metin, Ismail Emre Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) affects almost 30% to 50% of patients with diabetes, 40% to 60% of whom suffer from diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP). Few studies have focused on individual experiences of DPNP in patients with diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to elucidate the effects of DPNP on daily life and individual feelings regarding living with DPNP from the perspective of Turkish patients. METHOD: A total of 14 patients were interviewed, and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to identify themes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338539/primary-care-provider-experience-with-breast-density-legislation-in-massachusetts
#14
Christine M Gunn, Nancy R Kressin, Kristina Cooper, Cinthya Marturano, Karen M Freund, Tracy A Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Dense breasts on mammography independently increases breast cancer risk and decreases mammography sensitivity. Thirty-two states have adopted notification laws to raise awareness among women with dense breasts about supplemental screening. Little is known about these policies' impact on clinical practice among primary care providers (PCPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores PCP attitudes, knowledge, and the impact of the Massachusetts dense breast notification legislation on clinical practice after its enactment in 2015...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338344/reappraisal-inventiveness-impact-of-appropriate-brain-activation-during-efforts-to-generate-alternative-appraisals-on-the-perception-of-chronic-stress-in-women
#15
Corinna M Perchtold, Andreas Fink, Christian Rominger, Hannelore Weber, Vera Loureiro de Assunção, Günter Schulter, Elisabeth M Weiss, Ilona Papousek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research indicated that more left-lateralized prefrontal activation during cognitive reappraisal efforts was linked to a greater capacity for generating reappraisals, which is a prerequisite for the effective implementation of cognitive reappraisal in everyday life. The present study examined whether the supposedly appropriate brain activation is relevant in terms of more distal outcomes, i.e., chronic stress perception. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prefrontal EEG alpha asymmetry was recorded while female participants were generating reappraisals for stressful events and was correlated with their self-reported chronic stress levels in everyday life (n = 80)...
January 16, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338329/making-a-university-community-more-dementia-friendly-through-participation-in-an-intergenerational-choir
#16
Phyllis Braudy Harris, Cynthia Anne Caporella
A dementia friendly community is one that is informed about dementia, respectful and inclusive of people with dementia and their families, provides support, promotes empowerment, and fosters quality of life. This study presents data from four cohorts of undergraduate college students and people with dementia and their family members, using an intergenerational choir as the process through which to begin to create a dementia friendly community. This was accomplished by breaking down the stereotypes and misunderstandings that young adults have about people with dementia, thus allowing their commonalities and the strengths of the people living with dementia to become more visible...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337586/differential-development-of-acute-tolerance-may-explain-heightened-rates-of-impaired-driving-after-consumption-of-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drinks-versus-alcohol-alone
#17
Cecile A Marczinski, Amy L Stamates, Sarah F Maloney
Consumers of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) are more likely to drive while impaired when compared to alcohol alone consumers. In addition, acute tolerance to the internal cues of feelings of intoxication is known to contribute to maladaptive decisions to drive while impaired. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether there is differential development of acute tolerance for AmED versus alcohol alone for ratings of willingness to drive after alcohol consumption. Social drinkers (n = 12) attended 4 separate sessions where they received alcohol and energy drinks, alone and in combination...
January 15, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337584/is-antidepressant-use-associated-with-difficulty-identifying-feelings-a-brief-report
#18
Jani Kajanoja, Noora M Scheinin, Max Karukivi, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson
Studies on the subjective effects of antidepressants suggest that they may not only improve depressed mood, but as an adverse effect also cause "emotional blunting." This phenomenon is poorly understood and little studied. The aim of this study was to examine the association of serotonergic antidepressant use and subjective emotional awareness. Emotional awareness was assessed using the Difficulty Identifying Feelings subscale from the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Fifty-seven individuals on antidepressant medication and 441 controls were compared...
January 15, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337583/sudden-death-aversion-avoiding-superior-options-because-they-feel-riskier
#19
Jesse Walker, Jane L Risen, Thomas Gilovich, Richard Thaler
We present evidence of sudden-death aversion (SDA)-the tendency to avoid "fast" strategies that provide a greater chance of success, but include the possibility of immediate defeat, in favor of "slow" strategies that reduce the possibility of losing quickly, but have lower odds of ultimate success. Using a combination of archival analyses and controlled experiments, we explore the psychology behind SDA. First, we provide evidence for SDA and its cost to decision makers by tabulating how often NFL teams send games into overtime by kicking an extra point rather than going for the 2-point conversion (Study 1) and how often NBA teams attempt potentially game-tying 2-point shots rather than potentially game-winning 3-pointers (Study 2)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336753/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-low-density-versus-high-density-meshes-in-patients-with-bilateral-inguinal-hernia
#20
Jose Luis Porrero Carro, Sol Villar Riu, Beatriz Ramos Lojo, Lucia Latorre, Maria Teresa Alonso Garcia, Benito Alcaide Pardo, Oscar Bonachia Naranjo, Alberto Marcos Herrero, Carlos Sanchez Cabezudo, Esther Quiros Herreras
We present a randomized clinical trial to compare postoperative pain, complications, feeling of a foreign body, and recurrence between heavyweight and lightweight meshes in patients with bilateral groin hernia. Sixty-seven patients with bilateral hernia were included in our study. In each patient, the side of the lightweight mesh was decided by random numbers table. Pain score was measured by visual analogue scale, on 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th postoperative day, and one year after the surgery. There were no statistically significative differences between both meshes in postoperative complications...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
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