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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231633/barriers-to-regaining-control-within-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-of-family-resilience-in-icu-living-with-uncertainty
#1
Pauline Wong, Pranee Liamputtong, Susan Koch, Helen Rawson
This paper discusses families' experiences of their interactions when a relative is admitted unexpectedly to an Australian intensive care unit BACKGROUND: The overwhelming emotions associated with the unexpected admission of a relative to an intensive care unit (ICU) are often due to the uncertainty surrounding the condition of their critically ill relative. There is limited in-depth understanding of the nature of uncertainty experienced by families in ICU, and interventions perceived by families to minimise their uncertainty are not well documented...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231609/print-media-representations-of-united-kingdom-accident-and-emergency-treatment-targets-winter-2014-15
#2
Aimee Grant, Louise Hoyle
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to undertake an analysis of UK national daily newspaper coverage of accident and emergency treatment targets, in order to understand if the media could be seen to be creating a scandal. BACKGROUND: Emergency Department treatment targets have become common in developed countries. In the United Kingdom (UK), hospitals are required to treat and discharge patients within four hours, and statistics are published daily. Breaches of targets are regularly reported by the UK print media...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230434/practice-education-facilitator-roles-and-their-value-to-nhs-organisations
#3
Betsy Scott, Terri Rapson, Liz Allibone, Rozi Hamilton, Constance S Mambanje, Laura Pisaneschi
The role of the practice education facilitator (PEF) was introduced to support the management of large student nurse numbers in clinical areas and to monitor and enhance the quality of placements. While much has been written about the activities and roles undertaken by PEFs, less is known about the value of this type of role to the NHS organisations that employ them. This article explores some of the views of PEFs working in a variety of trusts and organisations in London and surrounding counties. There is no consistent job definition and often insufficient support, leading to some PEFs feeling overwhelmed by the work and isolated within the role...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#4
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230427/supporting-the-psychological-needs-of-teenagers-and-young-adults-during-cancer-treatment-a-literature-review
#5
Natasha Hughes, Julia Williams, Carole Shaw
BACKGROUND: The developmental period of the teenage years and young adulthood can be a challenging time for most. Experiencing a diagnosis of cancer during this time inevitably presents further challenges and concerns. Identifying such issues can help to provide better ways of understanding the patients' experience and their needs, offering nurses insight to enhance care and support for teenagers and young adults (TYAs) undergoing cancer treatments. AIM: To explore the literature regarding the psychological issues faced by TYAs during cancer treatment to inform nursing practice...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230408/psychometric-properties-of-adolescent-time-inventory-time-attitude-ati-ta-scores-in-three-waves-of-longitudinal-data
#6
Frank C Worrell, Michael T McKay, James R Andretta
Within the broad area of time perspective, there are numerous narrower or more specific constructs. One of these, time attitudes, is said to refer to an individual's emotional and evaluative feelings toward the past, the present, and the future. Scores on the Adolescent Time Inventory-Time Attitudes Scale (ATI-TA) have been shown to be psychometrically sound in a range of cross-sectional studies in different cultural contexts. The present study is the first longitudinal (3 waves) examination of these scores...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230235/seeing-overweight-adults-as-babies-physical-cues-and-implications-for-stigmatization
#7
Anton J M Dijker, Rutger DeLuster, Nicolas Peeters, Nanne K de Vries
Human babies not only are reliable triggers of tender feelings and protective tendencies, they also happen to be exceptionally fat compared to the newborns of most other species. These two facts are used to formulate a hypothesis predicting that overweight males, due to their great physical resemblance to babies, not only are perceived as cute, but also are associated with negatively evaluated traits (e.g., immaturity, lack of willpower) that are saliently inconsistent with traits required for adults. In this study, a great many physical features of adult males varying widely in weight were measured and correlated with subjective judgements...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229487/the-mourning-process-of-older-people-with-dementia-who-lost-their-spouse
#8
Akiko Watanabe, Sayuri Suwa
AIMS: To explore the mourning process of people with dementia who have lost their spouse, using family caregivers' and professionals' perspectives and to devise grief care for people with dementia. BACKGROUND: There have been studies on the loss of one's spouse; however, little is known about widows and widowers with dementia as they may find it hard to tell their perception and feelings to others accurately because of cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229356/symptoms-of-swallowing-anxiety-in-panic-disorder-patients-and-associated-psychopathologic-factors
#9
Ersin Budak, İbrahim Taymur, Sinay Önen, Bilgen Biçer Kanat, Önder Akdeniz, Hakan Demirci
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of swallowing difficulty in Panic Disorder (PD) patients and the factors associated with these symptoms. METHODS: In the pre-phase of the study, 22 PD patients who were treated in psychiatry outpatient clinics and who were found to have swallowing difficulty were evaluated. PD patients were asked to write about their thoughts, feelings and behaviors associated with swallowing difficulty. Later, these texts were examined and 41 expressions were identified in which patients described their swallowing difficulty...
February 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228630/social-activities-of-older-men-who-require-daily-support-and-the-purpose-of-such-activities
#10
Michiyo Hirano, Kazuko Saeki, Izumi Ueda, Hikaru Honda, Yoshiko Mizuno
Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the social activities of older men who require daily support, and to clarify the purpose of such activities, in order to develop effective living support and preventive long-term care service, suitable for this population.Methods Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 older men. Data were analyzed using inductive and qualitative methods.Results Four categories of social activities were identified, and four categories of purposes of these social activities were extracted...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228504/the-dynamics-of-gastric-emptying-and-self-reported-feelings-of-satiation-are-better-predictors-than-gastrointestinal-hormones-of-the-effects-of-lipid-emulsion-structure-on-fat-digestion-in-healthy-adults-a-bayesian-inference-approach
#11
Andreas Steingoetter, Simon Buetikofer, Jelena Curcic, Dieter Menne, Jens F Rehfeld, Michael Fried, Werner Schwizer, Tim J Wooster
Background: Limited information exists on the relation between fat emulsion structure and its effect on the release of gastrointestinal hormones and feelings of satiation.Objective: We investigated the impact of fat emulsion droplet size, gravitational and acid stability, and redispersibility on gastrointestinal responses and sought to deduce the relative importance of the hormones ghrelin, cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide-1, and peptide YY (PYY) in controlling fat emptying and related satiation.Methods: Within a randomized, double-blind, 4-armed crossover study, an extensive data set was generated by MRI of gastric function, analysis of hormone profiles, and ratings of satiation in healthy participants [10 women and 7 men with a mean ± SD age of 25 ± 7 y and body mass index (in kg/m(2)) of 22 ± 1] after intake of 4 different fat emulsions...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228425/prebiotic-supplementation-improves-appetite-control-in-children-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Megan P Hume, Alissa C Nicolucci, Raylene A Reimer
Background: Prebiotics have been shown to improve satiety in adults with overweight and obesity; however, studies in children are limited.Objective: We examined the effects of prebiotic supplementation on appetite control and energy intake in children with overweight and obesity.Design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Forty-two boys and girls, ages 7-12 y, with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th percentile were randomly assigned to 8 g oligofructose-enriched inulin/d or placebo (maltodextrin) for 16 wk...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#13
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227845/high-performance-wearable-two-channel-hybrid-bci-system-with-eye-closure-assist
#14
Yubing Jiang, Hyeonseok Lee, Gang Li, Wan-Young Chung, Yubing Jiang, Hyeonseok Lee, Gang Li, Wan-Young Chung, Wan-Young Chung, Gang Li, Hyeonseok Lee, Yubing Jiang
Generally, eye closure (EC) and eye opening (EO)-based alpha blocking has widely recognized advantages, such as being easy to use, requiring little user training, while motor imagery (MI) is difficult for some users to have concrete feelings. This study presents a hybrid brain-computer interface (BCI) combining MI and EC strategies - such an approach aims to overcome some disadvantages of MI-based BCI, improve the performance and universality of the BCI. The EC/EO is employed to control the machine to switch in different states including forward, stop, changing direction motions, while the MI is used to control the machine to turn left or right for 90° by imagining the hands grasp motions when the system is switched into "changing direction" state...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227707/estimation-of-muscle-fatigue-by-ratio-of-mean-frequency-to-average-rectified-value-from-surface-electromyography
#15
Jeffry Bonar Fernando, Mototaka Yoshioka, Jun Ozawa, Jeffry Bonar Fernando, Mototaka Yoshioka, Jun Ozawa, Mototaka Yoshioka, Jeffry Bonar Fernando, Jun Ozawa
A new method to estimate muscle fatigue quantitatively from surface electromyography (EMG) is proposed. The ratio of mean frequency (MNF) to average rectified value (ARV) is used as the index of muscle fatigue, and muscle fatigue is detected when MNF/ARV falls below a pre-determined or pre-calculated baseline. MNF/ARV gives larger distinction between fatigued muscle and non-fatigued muscle. Experiment results show the effectiveness of our method in estimating muscle fatigue more correctly compared to conventional methods...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227645/myoelectric-intuitive-control-and-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-of-the-forearm-for-vibrotactile-sensation-feedback-applied-to-a-3d-printed-prosthetic-hand
#16
Enrique I Germany, Esteban J Pino, Pablo E Aqueveque, Enrique I Germany, Esteban J Pino, Pablo E Aqueveque, Enrique I Germany, Pablo E Aqueveque, Esteban J Pino
This paper presents the development of a myoelectric prosthetic hand based on a 3D printed model. A myoelectric control strategy based on artificial neural networks is implemented on a microcontroller for online position estimation. Position estimation performance achieves a correlation index of 0.78. Also a study involving transcutaneous electrical stimulation was performed to provide tactile feedback. A series of stimulations with controlled parameters were tested on five able-body subjects. A single channel stimulator was used, positioning the electrodes 8 cm on the wrist over the ulnar and median nerve...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227624/relationship-between-gait-variables-and-domains-of-neurologic-dysfunction-in-multiple-sclerosis-using-six-minute-walk-test
#17
Asma Qureshi, Maite Brandt-Pearce, Myla D Goldman, Asma Qureshi, Maite Brandt-Pearce, Myla D Goldman, Asma Qureshi, Myla D Goldman, Maite Brandt-Pearce
Most multiple sclerosis (MS) patients eventually suffer from mobility impairment, and thus it is critical that walking disability in MS be accurately assessed. The six-minute walk test (6MWT), a reliable MS measure, is traditionally used to determine the distance covered in six minutes using a standard protocol. With the availability of body sensor networks (BSNs), researchers are interested in leveraging BSN data for finding new gait assessment anchors for improved separability performance. Further, current methods for gait assessments are insufficient since assessments are absolute, performed by comparing outcomes to the statistical norms established from diverse patient data despite natural inter-patient variability...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227568/system-to-induce-and-measure-embodiment-of-an-artificial-hand-with-programmable-convergent-visual-and-tactile-stimuli
#18
Heather L Benz, Talia R Sieff, Mahsa Alborz, Kimberly Kontson, Elizabeth Kilpatrick, Eugene F Civillico, Heather L Benz, Talia R Sieff, Mahsa Alborz, Kimberly Kontson, Elizabeth Kilpatrick, Eugene F Civillico, Kimberly Kontson, Heather L Benz, Talia R Sieff, Elizabeth Kilpatrick, Eugene F Civillico, Mahsa Alborz
The sense of prosthesis embodiment, or the feeling that the device has been incorporated into a user's body image, may be enhanced by emerging technology such as invasive electrical stimulation for sensory feedback. In turn, prosthesis embodiment may be linked to increased prosthesis use and improved functional outcomes. We describe the development of a tool to assay artificial hand embodiment in a quantitative way in people with intact limbs, and characterize its operation. The system delivers temporally coordinated visual and tactile stimuli at a programmable latency while recording limb temperature...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227057/mobile-interface-for-neuroprosthesis-control-aiming-tetraplegic-users
#19
Renato G Barelli, Plinio T Aquino, Maria Claudia Ferrari de Castro, Renato G Barelli, Plinio T Aquino Junior, Maria Claudia Ferrari de Castro, Plinio T Aquino, Maria Claudia Ferrari de Castro, Renato G Barelli
This article proposes the development of a mobile interface for controlling a Neuroprosthesis, designed to restore grasp patterns, aiming tetraplegics users at C5 and C6 levels. Human Computer Interface paradigms and usability concepts guide its planning and development to garantee the quality of user's interaction with the system and thus, the sucess and controlability of the neuroprostheses. The number of screens and menus were optimized, thus the user may feel the interface as more intuitive, leading to fast learning and increasing the trust on it...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226394/the-social-dimensions-of-therapeutic-horticulture
#20
Holly Harris
Harnessing nature to promote mental health is increasingly seen as a sustainable solution to healthcare across the industrialised world. The benefits of these approaches to well-being include reduced symptoms of anxiety, depression and improved social functioning. Many studies assume that contact with nature is the main therapeutic component of these interventions yet 'green care' programmes typically include activities not based on 'nature' that may contribute to positive outcomes. This study explored the views of service users participating in a Therapeutic Horticultural programme on what factors promoted their engagement in the project, to identify variables other than 'nature' that may be responsible for successful engagement in these programmes...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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