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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642979/-medial-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#1
REVIEW
P Niemeyer, A Stöhr, M Köhne, A Hochrein
OBJECTIVE: Reduction of the load to the medial compartment in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis and varus malalignment. Unloading of the posterolateral complex in varus deformity with complex ligamentous laxity. INDICATIONS: Medial knee osteoarthritis and varus malalignment with largely intact lateral and patellofemoral joint aspect. Complex ligament insufficiency combined with varus deformity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Substantially impaired range of motion...
June 22, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641449/the-positive-eating-scale-relationship-with-objective-health-parameters-and-validity-in-germany-the-usa-and-india
#2
Gudrun Sproesser, Verena Klusmann, Matthew B Ruby, Naomi Arbit, Paul Rozin, Harald T Schupp, Britta Renner
OBJECTIVE: The prevailing focus regarding eating behaviour is on restriction, concern, worry and pathology. In contrast, the purpose of the present studies was to focus on a positive relationship with eating in non-clinical samples from Germany, the USA and India. DESIGN: In Study 1, the Positive Eating Scale (PES) was tested and validated in a large longitudinal sample (T1: N = 772; T2: N = 510). In Study 2, the PES was tested in online samples from the USA, India and Germany (total N = 749)...
June 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641123/the-practice-environment-scale-of-the-nursing-work-index-an-updated-review-and-recommendations-for-use
#3
REVIEW
Pauline A Swiger, Patricia A Patrician, Rebecca S Susie Miltner, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Lori A Loan
OBJECTIVES: The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI) is an instrument, which measures the nursing practice environment - defined as factors that enhance or attenuate a nurse's ability to practice nursing skillfully and deliver high quality care. The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated review of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index's use to date and provide recommendations that may be helpful to nursing leaders and researchers who plan to use this instrument...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638427/colopharyngoplasty-in-patients-with-severe-pharyngoesophageal-corrosive-injury-a-complicated-but-worthwhile-procedure-to-restore-gi-tract-continuity-a-case-series
#4
Mahdi Zangi, Seyed Reza Saghebi, Ali Biharas Monfared, Seyedamirmohammad Lajevardi, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr
BACKGROUND: Pharyngoesophageal strictures (PES) after corrosive injury impose a problematic condition for both physicians and patients in terms of their management and patients' quality of life. Colopharyngoplasty is a complex procedure, which is used to restore swallowing in these severely disabled patients. We describe our experience in treating nine patients with severe PES after corrosive injuries in a referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our database from 2009 to 2014 showed nine patients (seven men; age range: 18 to 47 years) with severe PES who underwent colopharyngoplasty ∼6 months (range: 4-10) after caustic material ingestion...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636168/improved-hemodialysis-with-hemocompatible-polyethersulfone-hollow-fiber-membranes-in-vitro-performance
#5
Surendra Kumar Verma, Akshay Modi, Atul Kumar Singh, Rohit Teotia, Jayesh Bellare
We show that addition of nanozeolite (NZ) and vitamin E D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS or T) considerably improves the performance of polyethersulfone (PES or P) hollow fiber membrane (HFM) for hemodialysis. Nanocomposite HFMs were manufactured using PES as a polymer, TPGS as an additive and NZ as a filler to give a composite membrane called PT-NZ. HFMs were spun by dry-wet spinning principle based on liquid-liquid phase separation. TPGS and NZ were successfully incorporated in HFMs, as confirmed by EDX elemental mapping...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#6
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634868/occurrence-removal-and-health-risk-assessment-of-phthalate-esters-in-the-process-streams-of-two-different-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-lagos-and-ogun-states-nigeria
#7
O O Olujimi, O A Aroyeun, T F Akinhanmi, T A Arowolo
Phthalate esters (PEs) are one of the environmentally active organic pollutants capable of causing endocrine disruption. The levels of PE congeners were determined in the influent and effluent from Covenant Oxidation Pond (COP) and Ikeja Wastewater Treatment Plant (IWWTP). Standard methods were adopted for determining the physical and chemical parameters of the water samples. The water samples for PE congener's determination were collected, acidified and stored at 4 °C prior to liquid-liquid extraction and analysis by gas chromatograph...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628412/stratification-imaging-and-management-of-acute-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#8
Akhilesh K Sista, William T Kuo, Mark Schiebler, David C Madoff
While pulmonary embolism (PE) causes approximately 100 000-180 000 deaths per year in the United States, mortality is restricted to patients who have massive or submassive PEs. This state of the art review familiarizes the reader with these categories of PE. The review discusses the following topics: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, rationale for stratification, imaging, massive PE management and outcomes, submassive PE management and outcomes, and future directions. It summarizes the most up-to-date literature on imaging, systemic thrombolysis, surgical embolectomy, and catheter-directed therapy for submassive and massive PE and gives representative examples that reflect modern practice...
July 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627420/distinct-neural-processes-support-post-success-and-post-error-slowing-in-the-stop-signal-task
#9
Yihe Zhang, Jaime S Ide, Sheng Zhang, Sien Hu, Nikola S Valchev, Xiaoying Tang, Chiang-Shan R Li
Executive control requires behavioral adaptation to environmental contingencies. In the stop signal task (SST), participants exhibit slower go trial reaction time (RT) following a stop trial, whether or not they successfully interrupt the motor response. In previous fMRI studies, we demonstrated activation of the right-hemispheric ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, in the area of inferior frontal gyrus, pars opercularis (IFGpo) and anterior insula (AI), during post-error slowing (PES). However, in similar analyses we were not able to identify regional activities during post-success slowing (PSS)...
June 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627294/polyphenolic-characterisation-and-bioactivity-of-an-oxalis-pes-caprae-l-leaf-extract
#10
Marisa C Gaspar, Diogo A Fonseca, Manuel J Antunes, Christian Frigerio, Nelson G M Gomes, M Vieira, Armanda E Santos, Maria T Cruz, Maria D Cotrim, Maria G Campos
The present work is focused on the characterisation of the polyphenolic content of an Oxalis pes-caprae L. leaf extract and on the evaluation of its bioactivity with particular interest on its vascular activity and antioxidant potential. The polyphenolic content was characterised by HPLC-DAD and LC-MS/MS. The vascular activity was evaluated according to the influence on the serotonergic and adrenergic systems of the human internal mammary artery (HIMA). Antioxidant and neuroprotective studies were also conducted...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626745/investigating-the-effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-reducing-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-pes-anserine-bursitis-a-randomized-clinical-controlled-trial
#11
Saeid Khosrawi, Parisa Taheri, Marziyeh Ketabi
BACKGROUND: Knee pain, is one of the most common causes of patients' referring to physiatric clinics, and several factors, are involved in its creation. One of these factors is pes anserine bursitis (PAB) for which various treatment methods are used. This study aims to investigate the effect of this method on reducing chronic pain in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted in 2013- 2014 on patients with PAB referring to academic, physical medicine clinics...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625402/comparison-between-catheter-based-delivery-of-paclitaxel-after-bare-metal-stenting-and-drug-eluting-stents-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-at-high-risk-for-in-stent-restenosis
#12
Mostafa El-Mokadem, Mohamed El-Ramly, Amr Hassan, Hesham Boshra, Amir AbdelWahab
BACKGROUND: Drug eluting stents reduce the risk of in-stent restenosis but delay healing of the vascular wall. Recent data on late and very late stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation have raised concerns about the long-term safety. High lipophilicity of paclitaxel promotes rapid cellular uptake and prolongs its action. This makes paclitaxel a very promising candidate for local drug therapy intended to inhibit the proliferative and migratory processes involved in restenosis following PCI...
May 31, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617260/pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-in-southern-italy-a-5-years-study
#13
Gianmarco Troiano, Nicola Nante, Guglielmo Lucio Citarelli
INTRODUCTION: Baropodometrical digital techniques map the pressures exerted on the foot plant during both static and dynamic loadings. The study of the distribution of such pressures makes it possible to evaluate the postural and locomotory biomechanics together with its pathological variations. METHODS: From January 2011 to August 2016 we conducted a cross sectional study in order to diagnose flatfoot and hollowfoot through the baropodometric analysis, and collecting additional information such as gender and the age...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617014/real-world-program-evaluation-of-integrated-behavioral-health-care-improving-scientific-rigor
#14
Jennifer S Funderburk, Robyn L Shepardson
INTRODUCTION: Designing systematic, scientifically rigorous program evaluations (PE) is 1 way to contribute to the significant need to build best practices and a stronger evidence base for integrated behavioral health care. However, there are many potential pitfalls when conducting PE in real-world settings, and many clinicians and administrators may be hesitant to engage in PE due to lack of training or resources. Rigorous PE can be achieved feasibly and efficiently. METHOD: This article discusses common challenges that arise when conducting PE in integrated behavioral health care settings and illustrates ways to increase the methodological quality of PE efforts using lessons learned from 2 real-world case examples...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613867/final-state-resolved-quantum-predissociation-dynamics-of-so2-c-%C3%A2-1-b2-isotopologues-via-a-crossing-with-a-singlet-repulsive-state
#15
Changjian Xie, Bin Jiang, Jacek Klos, Praveen Kumar, Millard H Alexander, Bill Poirier, Hua Guo
The fragmentation dynamics of predissociative SO2( ) is investigated on an accurate adiabatic potential energy surface (PES) determined from high level ab initio data. This singlet PES features non-C2v equilibrium geometries for SO2, which are separated from the SO( ) + O(3P) dissociation limit by a barrier resulting from a conical intersection with a repulsive singlet state. The ro-vibrational state distribution of the SO fragment is determined quantum mechanically for many predissociative states of several sulfur isotopologues of SO2...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613388/self-assembled-polymeric-ionic-liquid-functionalized-cellulose-nano-crystals-constructing-3d-ion-conducting-channels-within-ionic-liquid-based-composite-polymer-electrolytes
#16
Xuan Qing Shi, Qing Xia, Xiao Xiang, Yun Sheng Ye, Yan Hai Peng, Gang Zhi Xue, Lin Xiao Xie, Yiu-Wing Mai
Composite polymeric and ionic liquid (IL) electrolytes are some of the most promising electrolyte systems for safer battery technology. Although much effort has been directed towards enhancing the transport properties of polymer electrolytes (PEs) through nanoscopic modification by incorporating nano-fillers, it is still difficult to construct ideal ion conducting networks. Here, a novel class of three-dimensional self-assembled polymeric ionic liquid (PIL)-functionalized cellulose nano-crystals (CNC) confining ILs in surface-grafted PIL polymer chains, able to form colloidal crystal polymer electrolytes (CCPE), is reported...
June 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609495/pink-and-white-esthetics-of-a-new-zirconia-implant-a-6-month-to-8-year-follow-up
#17
Deirdre G Beekmans, Bart Rmn Beekmans, Marco S Cune
The aim of this study was to analyze changes in pink and white esthetics in the anterior zone through evaluation of an immediately placed zirconia implant using the Pink and White Esthetic Scores (PES and WES) in 20 patients. Two clinical photographs were compared: one taken directly after placement of the permanent crown (mean PES = 12.8; mean WES = 8.5) and the other taken at a later time (mean PES = 12.8; mean WES = 8.6; not significant). Volunteers found it difficult to correctly identify the implant. Patients completed a questionnaire regarding the pink and white implant esthetics...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608897/the-dynamics-of-the-hg-br2-reaction-elucidation-of-the-reaction-mechanism-for-the-br-exchange-reaction
#18
P G Jambrina, M Menéndez, F J Aoiz
In spite of its importance in the Hg atmospheric chemistry, the dynamics of the Hg + Br2 → HgBr + Br reaction is poorly understood. In this article, we have carried out a comprehensive study of the reaction mechanism of this reaction by means of quasiclassical trajectories (QCTs) on an existing ab initio potential energy surface (PES). The reaction has a non trivial dynamics, as a consequence of its large endothermicity, the presence of a deep potential well, and the competition between the Br exchange and the collision induced dissociation processes...
June 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608568/the-macrophage-activation-induced-by-bacillus-thuringiensis-cry1ac-protoxin-involves-erk1-2-and-p38-pathways-and-the-interaction-with-cell-surface-hsp70
#19
Néstor Rubio-Infante, Damaris Ilhuicatzi-Alvarado, Marilu Torres-Martínez, Juan Pablo Reyes-Grajeda, Raúl Nava-Acosta, Edith González-González, Leticia Moreno-Fierros
Here, we aimed to further characterize the mechanisms involved in protoxin (p) Cry1Ac-induced macrophage activation. We demonstrated that pCry1Ac induces MAPK ERK1/2, p38 and JNK phosphorylation in RAW264.7 macrophages. Because MAPK activation is mainly triggered via ligand-receptor interactions, we focused on the identification of potential pCry1Ac-receptor proteins. Flow cytometry and confocal analysis showed specific saturable pCry1Ac-binding to the macrophage surface and evidenced its internalization via the clathrin-pathway...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606403/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-in-sepn1-related-myopathy
#20
Serena Caggiano, Sonia Khirani, Ivana Dabaj, Eliana Cavassa, Alessandro Amaddeo, Jorge Olmo Arroyo, Isabelle Desguerre, Pascale Richard, Renato Cutrera, Ana Ferreiro, Brigitte Estournet, Susana Quijano-Roy, Brigitte Fauroux
SEPN1-related myopathy (SEPN1-RM) is characterized by predominant axial muscle weakness, early scoliosis, rigid spine and severe respiratory insufficiency. The aim of the study was to characterize the mechanisms of respiratory dysfunction in SEPN1-RM patients. Breathing pattern and respiratory muscle strength were measured by means of esophageal (Pes) and gastric (Pgas) pressures. Seven patients aged 7-55 years (1 adult) at first respiratory muscle test were studied. Five patients were treated by nocturnal noninvasive ventilation (NIV)  ≥ 4 months...
April 26, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
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