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"Calcium score"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209099/does-calcium-score-in-great-pelvic-vessels-predict-colorectal-anastomotic-leakage-a-prospective-study-of-one-hundred-anastomoses
#1
M T Norooz, H Moradi, M Safdarian, F Jahangiri, H A Amoli
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most severe surgical complications following surgery. This prospective study was designed to investigate an association between the calcification in the descending aorta and its major branches using a calcium-scoring software and colorectal anastomotic leakage. METHODS: From January 2012 to March 2013, one hundred patients underwent surgeries involving colorectal anastomosis procedures. Calcium score in descending aorta and great pelvic vessels was measured using the Syngo-CT 2006G-W software...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208116/factors-determining-left-main-coronary-artery-luminal-area
#2
Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Peter M Bittenbender, Haikady N Nagaraja, Omar Kahaly, Jennifer A Dickerson, Subha V Raman, Ernest L Mazzaferri, Charles A Bush
BACKGROUND: A certain minimal luminal cross-sectional area has been traditionally used in clinical practice as a cut-off value to determine severity of left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. The severity of stenosis, however, depends on the baseline luminal area (ie, area prior to stenosis), which may vary among individuals. The present study was undertaken to define normal LMCA luminal area using current technology in vivo. METHODS: LMCA luminal area was determined using multislice computed tomography coronary angiography...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202259/coronary-artery-calcium-score-as-a-predictor-for-incident-stroke-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Kongkiat Chaikriangkrai, Hye Yeon Jhun, Ghanshyam Palamaner Subash Shantha, Aref Bin Abdulhak, Gardar Sigurdsson, Faisal Nabi, John J Mahmarian, Su Min Chang
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium score (CACS) is a well-established test for risk stratifying asymptomatic patients for overall cardiovascular or coronary events. However; the prognostic value for incident stroke remains controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of CACS obtained by non-contrast electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography for incident stroke. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane databases for prospective longitudinal studies of CACS which reported the incidence of stroke...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196817/comparison-of-carotid-plaque-score-and-coronary-artery-calcium-score-for-predicting-cardiovascular-disease-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#4
Adam D Gepner, Rebekah Young, Joseph A Delaney, Matthew J Budoff, Joseph F Polak, Michael J Blaha, Wendy S Post, Erin D Michos, Joel Kaufman, James H Stein
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) events better than carotid wall plaque presence; however, differences in the utility of CAC burden and carotid plaque burden across the spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVD, CHD and stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) events were evaluated prospectively in a multiethnic cohort without CVD at baseline. Carotid plaque score was determined by the number of ultrasound-detected plaques in the common, bifurcation, and internal carotid artery segments...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193446/usefulness-of-calcium-scoring-as-a-screening-examination-in-patients-with-a-history-of-kawasaki-disease
#5
Andrew M Kahn, Matthew J Budoff, Lori B Daniels, Jun Oyamada, John B Gordon, Jane C Burns
Subsets of patients with a remote history of Kawasaki disease (KD) have coronary artery aneurysms with associated risks of late morbidity. In a pilot study, we previously showed that computed tomography (CT) coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring detects late CAC in patients with aneurysms and a remote history of KD. We performed CT calcium volume scoring in 166 subjects (median age 19.5 years) with a remote history of KD (median interval from KD to CT 15.1 years). Coronary arteries were classified as normal (n = 100), transiently dilated (n = 23), persistently dilated (n = 10), remodeled aneurysm (n = 9), or aneurysm (n = 24) based on echocardiography...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183844/association-between-posterior-left-atrial-adipose-tissue-mass-and-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Alexander R van Rosendael, Aukelien C Dimitriu-Leen, Philippe J van Rosendael, Melissa Leung, Jeff M Smit, Antti Saraste, Juhani Knuuti, Rob J van der Geest, Britt W H van der Arend, Erik W van Zwet, Arthur J Scholte, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J Bax
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissue located close to the atrial wall can change the electric conduction of the left atrium, potentially leading to atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to assess whether an increased atrial adipose tissue mass posterior to the left atrium is related to AF independent of demographical and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred patients with AF and 200 patients without AF who underwent computed tomographic angiography were included...
February 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183438/cardiac-imaging-for-assessing-low-gradient-severe-aortic-stenosis
#7
REVIEW
Marie-Annick Clavel, Ian G Burwash, Philippe Pibarot
Up to 40% of patients with aortic stenosis (AS) harbor discordant Doppler-echocardiographic findings, the most common of which is the presence of a small aortic valve area (≤1.0 cm(2)) suggesting severe AS, but a low gradient (<40 mm Hg) suggesting nonsevere AS. The purpose of this paper is to present the role of multimodality imaging in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of this challenging entity referred to as low-gradient AS. Doppler-echocardiography is critical to determine the subtype of low-gradient AS: that is, classical low-flow, paradoxical low-flow, or normal-flow...
February 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174196/sex-differences-in-the-performance-of-cardiac-computed-tomography-compared-with-functional-testing-in-evaluating-stable-chest-pain-subanalysis-of-the-multicenter-randomized-crescent-trial-calcium-imaging-and-selective-ct-angiography-in-comparison-to-functional
#8
Marisa Lubbers, Adriaan Coenen, Tobias Bruning, Tjebbe Galema, Jurgen Akkerhuis, Boudewijn Krenning, Paul Musters, Mohamed Ouhlous, Ahno Liem, Andre Niezen, Admir Dedic, Ron van Domburg, Miriam Hunink, Koen Nieman
BACKGROUND: Cardiac computed tomography (CT) represents an alternative diagnostic strategy for women with suspected coronary artery disease, with potential benefits in terms of effectiveness and cost-efficiency. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CRESCENT trial (Calcium Imaging and Selective CT Angiography in Comparison to Functional Testing for Suspected Coronary Artery Disease) prospectively randomized 350 patients with stable angina (55% women; aged 55±10 years), mostly with an intermediate coronary artery disease probability, between cardiac CT and functional testing...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168532/high-calcium-magnesium-ratio-in-hair-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-calcification-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals
#9
Byoungjin Park, Mi-Hyun Kim, Choong Keun Cha, Yong-Jae Lee, Kyong-Chol Kim
The interaction between calcium and magnesium as a risk modifier for cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been largely overlooked in previous studies, for the strict regulatory system in blood has been thought to keep such homeostatic interactions under tight control. This study aimed to investigate the association between calcium-magnesium ratio in hair and subclinical coronary artery calcification. Using multiple linear regression analysis, we examined the associations between calcium-magnesium ratio in hair and the coronary calcium score (CCS) in 216 Koreans aged 40 years and above (122 men and 94 women)...
February 6, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167282/comparison-of-low-dose-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-using-low-tube-current-technique-and-hybrid-iterative-reconstruction-vs-filtered-back-projection
#10
Nada Sulaiman, Jeanette Soon, Jong Kwan Park, Christopher Naoum, Shaw-Hua Kueh, Philipp Blanke, Darra Murphy, Jennifer Ellis, Cameron J Hague, Jonathon Leipsic
INTRODUCTION: We sought to validate whether low dose CACS CT with hybrid IR (HIR) could replace standard dose filtered back projection (FBP). METHOD: We enrolled 100 patients to undergo low dose CACS CT with HIR, in addition to routine full dose FBP. RESULTS: No significant difference between full and low dose CT in Agatston score 138.2±360.6 vs. 137.3±356.4 (p=0.272) or calcium mass score 19±48.3 vs. 18.7±49 (p=0.8), respectively. Bland-Altman analysis showed no systematic bias...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166422/relation-of-heart-rate-recovery-after-exercise-testing-to-coronary-artery-calcification
#11
Sae Young Jae, Sudhir Kurl, Jari A Laukkanen, Eun Sun Yoon, Yoon-Ho Choi, Bo Fernhall, Barry A Franklin
BACKGROUND: We examined whether slow heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise testing as an estimate of impaired autonomic function is related to coronary artery calcification (CAC), an emerging marker of coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: We evaluated 2088 men who participated in a health screening program that included measures of CAC and peak or symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing. HRR was calculated as the difference between peak heart rate during exercise testing and the heart rate at 2 minutes of recovery after peak exercise...
February 6, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164120/coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-in-combination-with-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-for-the-preoperative-cardiac-evaluation-of-liver-transplant-recipients
#12
REVIEW
Jae Moon Choi, Yu-Gyeong Kong, Joon-Won Kang, Young-Kug Kim
Liver transplantation is the best treatment option for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma, liver cirrhosis, fulminant liver failure, and end-stage liver diseases. Even though advances in surgical techniques and perioperative care have improved postoperative outcomes, perioperative cardiovascular complications are a leading cause of postoperative morbidity and mortality following liver transplantation. Ischemic coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiomyopathy are the most common cardiovascular diseases and could be negative predictors of postoperative outcomes in liver transplant recipients...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156151/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-atherosclerosis
#13
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Each Recommendation is based on a diligent review of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors. RESULTS: The Executive Summary of this document contains 87 Recommendations of which 45 are Grade A (51...
February 3, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150282/socioeconomic-status-relationship-with-coronary-artery-calcification-and-pericardial-fat
#14
Hussein A Nafakhi, Abdulameer Almosawi, Hasan Alnafakh, Widad Mousa
BACKGROUND: Little data currently exist supporting the correlation of socioeconomic status (SES) to markers of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. The main aim was to investigate the relationship of SES measured by economic status and educational level with coronary artery calcification (CAC) and pericardial fat volume (PFV) assessed by multi-detector CT (MDCT). METHODS: Two hundred twenty consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent 64-slice MDCT angiography for assessment of coronary atherosclerosis were recruited between January 2014 and March 2015...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150157/coronary-artery-calcium-score-as-a-gatekeeper-in-the-non-invasive-evaluation-of-suspected-coronary-artery-disease-in-symptomatic-patients
#15
Elsemiek M Engbers, Jorik R Timmer, Jan Paul Ottervanger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144907/coronary-calcium-scoring-as-the-gate-keeper-for-stress-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-antagonist
#16
Shane M Ruckel, Martha Gulati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144819/no-psychological-distress-in-sportsmen-aged-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-after-cardiovascular-screening-including-cardiac-ct-the-measuring-athlete-s-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-marc-study
#17
M M Schurink, T L Braber, N H J Prakken, P A F M Doevendans, F J G Backx, D E Grobbee, R Rienks, H M Nathoe, M L Bots, B K Velthuis, A Mosterd
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress caused by cardiovascular pre-participation screening (PPS) may be a reason not to implement a PPS program. We assessed the psychological impact of PPS, including cardiac computed tomography (CT), in 318 asymptomatic sportsmen aged ≥45 years. METHODS: Coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as a coronary artery calcium score ≥100 Agatson units and/or ≥50% luminal stenosis on contrast-enhanced cardiac CT. Psychological impact was measured with the Impact of Event Scale (IES) (seven items) on a six-point scale (grade 0-5)...
January 31, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141659/altered-plasma-fibrin-clot-properties-in-hypertensive-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-are-improved-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#18
Katarzyna Jóźwik-Plebanek, Aleksander Prejbisz, Ewa Wypasek, Barbara Pręgowska-Chwała, Katarzyna Hanus, Anna M Kaszuba, Magdalena Januszewicz, Przemysław Bieleń, Marek Kabat, Mariusz Kruk, Piotr Dobrowolski, Anna Klisiewicz, Paweł Śliwiński, Andrzej Januszewicz, Anetta Undas
AIM: We investigated plasma fibrin clot properties in high-risk hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and assessed the impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on clot phenotype. METHODS: We studied 50 hypertensive patients with clinically significant OSA (age 50.0 ± 8.8 years, 39 M, 11 F). In total, 38 hypertensive patients without OSA balanced for age, sex, blood pressure, cardiovascular risk factors, and metabolic status served as controls...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129889/sarcopenia-but-not-excess-weight-or-increased-caloric-intake-is-associated-with-coronary-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-the-very-elderly
#19
Alessandra M Campos, Filipe A Moura, Simone N Santos, Wladimir M Freitas, Andrei C Sposito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Excess weight is a widespread condition related to increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Sarcopenia is a catabolic pathway common of the aging process and also associated with CHD. In the elderly, both changes occur concurrently and it remains unclear the relative contribution on CHD risk. We aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia, excess weight, or both are associated with subclinical atherosclerosis and/or endothelial dysfunction in very elderly individuals...
January 18, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127640/ten-year-progression-of-coronary-artery-carotid-artery-and-aortic-calcification-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Ju-Hua Liu, Ming-Yen Ng, Tommy Cheung, Ho-Yin Chung, Yan Chen, Zhe Zhen, Yuan Zou, Ka-Fung Mak, Pek-Lan Khong, Chak-Sing Lau, Hung-Fat Tse, Kai-Hang Yiu
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased vascular calcification, although the rate of progress of calcification is uncertain. The aim of the study was to evaluate the progression of and the predictors for calcification in different vascular beds over 10 years. The 10-year actual coronary calcium score (CS) and 10-year predicted coronary CS, based on the pattern of the general population, were compared. Calcification of the coronary and carotid artery and the aorta was assessed by multi-detector computed tomography...
January 26, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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