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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532138/a-case-based-shared-teaching-approach-in-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-a-way-for-integration-in-basic-and-clinical-sciences
#1
Soheil Peiman, Azim Mirzazadeh, Maryam Alizadeh, Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad-Taghi Najafi, Abbas Tafakhori, Farnoosh Larti, Besharat Rahimi, Babak Geraiely, Parichehr Pasbakhsh, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Nabavizadeh Rafsanjani, Mohammad Ansari, Seyed Farshad Allameh
To present a multiple-instructor, active-learning strategy in the undergraduate medical curriculum. This educational research is a descriptive one. Shared teaching sessions, were designed for undergraduate medical students in six organ-system based courses. Sessions that involved in-class discussions of integrated clinical cases were designed implemented and moderated by at least 3 faculties (clinicians and basic scientists). The participants in this study include the basic sciences medical students of The Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530338/-bibliotherapy-as-a-clinical-tool-and-its-applications-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-teaching-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Iris Shoshani Helvitz
Bibliotherapy, the practice of healing through stories, is described throughout this article. Case reports show how stories can be used as both a diagnostic tool and a treatment option. Family physicians use bibliotherapy in an all-inclusive manner to heal, consolidate and deepen patient-doctor relationships, help heal the healers and teach medicine. Stories are clinical tools that connect the patients' world with that of their doctors. Stories are a simple tool that don't require great skill and can enhance any patient or physician's experience...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#3
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530320/-medical-research-improves-quality-of-care
#4
Yoram Yagil
The Barzilai Medical Center has recently been designated as an Academic Medical Center. The challenge to become an academic center arose from the realization that the level and quality of care provided to patients are necessarily improved when clinical medicine is practiced in a teaching and research environment. Indeed, after years of close working ties between the Barzilai Medical Center in Ashkelon and the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, the center officially became an Academic Medical Center and was recognized as one of the two leading clinical campuses of the Faculty of Health Sciences...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528730/sir-charles-bell-unheralded-laryngologist
#5
Elliot Abemayor
INTRODUCTION: Sir Charles Bell is renowned and revered as an outstanding surgeon, anatomist, clinician and teacher and his many contributions to various medical fields have been amply described. What are less well-known are his contributions to the field of laryngology. METHODS: Selected clinical and physiological publications by Bell were examined that addressed issues related specifically to the airway or pharynx. These included both case reports and case series...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#6
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527544/a-prospective-study-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#7
Susan W Wesmiller, Catherine M Bender, Yvette P Conley, Dana H Bovbjerg, Gretchen Ahrendt, Marguerite Bonaventura, Susan M Sereika
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) continue to be common and disturbing complications experienced after surgery, particularly in women and especially in women undergoing breast cancer surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and risk factors associated with PONV and PDNV from preoperative to 48 hours postoperatively in 97 women scheduled for breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative design...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#9
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526695/-thinking-ethics-a-novel-pilot-proof-of-concept-program-of-integrating-ethics-into-the-physiology-curriculum-in-south-india
#10
Savitha D, Manjulika Vaz, Mario Vaz
Integrating medical ethics into the physiology teaching-learning program has been largely unexplored in India. The objective of this exercise was to introduce an interactive and integrated ethics program into the Physiology course of first-year medical students and to evaluate their perceptions. Sixty medical students (30 men, 30 women) underwent 11 sessions over a 7-mo period. Two of the Physiology faculty conducted these sessions (20-30 min each) during the routine physiology (theory/practicals) classes that were of shorter duration and could, therefore, accommodate the discussion of related ethical issues...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525287/occurrence-of-enterococcus-faecalis-and-enterococcus-faecium-in-various-clinical-infections-detection-of-their-drug-resistance-and-virulence-determinants
#11
Ali Jahansepas, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Alka Hasani, Yaeghob Sharifi, Toofan Aghazadeh, Jalal Mardaneh
The aim of this study was to characterize virulence determinants and antibiotic resistance profiles in enterococci obtained from various clinical sources in the northwest of Iran. A total of 160 enterococcal clinical isolates from various wards of University Teaching Hospitals were collected and specified by biochemical test, from September 2014 to July 2015. Identification of enterococci was confirmed by multiplex PCR in the genus and species level. Antibiotic resistance properties and virulence determinants were examined by phenotypic and molecular methods...
May 19, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524258/cardiotocography-interpretation-skills-and-the-association-with-size-of-maternity-unit-years-of-obstetric-work-experience-and-healthcare-professional-background-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#12
Line Thellesen, Jette Led Sorensen, Morten Hedegaard, Susanne Rosthoej, Nina Palmgren Colov, Kristine Sylvan Andersen, Thomas Bergholt
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to examine whether cardiotocography (CTG) knowledge, interpretation skills and decision-making measured by a written assessment were associated with size of maternity unit, years of obstetric work experience and healthcare professional background. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A national cross-sectional study in the setting of a CTG teaching intervention involving all 24 maternity units in Denmark. Participants were midwives (n=1260) and specialists (n=269) and residents (n=142) in obstetrics and gynecology who attended a one-day CTG course and answered a 30-item multiple-choice question test...
May 19, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523743/applying-lessons-from-social-psychology-to-transform-the-culture-of-error-disclosure
#13
Jason Han, Denise LaMarra, Neha Vapiwala
CONTEXT: The ability to carry out prompt and effective error disclosure has been described in the literature as an essential skill among physicians that can lead to improved patient satisfaction, staff well-being and hospital outcomes. However, few studies have addressed the social psychology principles that may influence physician behaviour. METHODS: The authors provide an overview of recent administrative measures designed to encourage physicians to disclose error, but note that deliberate practice, buttressed with lessons from social psychology, is needed to implement further productive behavioural changes...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523086/a-14-year-review-of-craniomaxillofacial-gunshot-wounds-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#14
Olushola Amole, Otasowie Osunde, Benjamin Akhiwu, Akinwale Efunkoya, Kelvin Omeje, Taiwo Amole, Zubairu Iliyasu
This study analyzed the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and management of civilian-type craniomaxillofacial gunshot wounds (CGSWs) seen over a 14-year period in a Northern Nigerian teaching hospital. A retrospective study of all hospital records relating to CGSWs from January 2000 to December 2013 was conducted to determine the prevalence of CGSWs. Information retrieved included site of injury, type of projectile, management protocol, as well as duration of hospitalization. A total of 46 admissions for CGSWs were recorded during the period under review from a total of 2,228 maxillofacial admissions...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523082/three-dimensional-printing-custom-made-implants-for-craniomaxillofacial-reconstructive-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Mariana Matias, Horácio Zenha, Horácio Costa
Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery is a challenging field. First it aims to restore primary functions and second to preserve craniofacial anatomical features like symmetry and harmony. Three-dimensional (3D) printed biomodels have been widely adopted in medical fields by providing tactile feedback and a superior appreciation of visuospatial relationship between anatomical structures. Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery was one of the first areas to implement 3D printing technology in their practice...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523045/frequency-of-nutritional-anemia-among-female-medical-students-of-faisalabad
#16
Shireen Jawed, Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Anwar Kamal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a common health problem worldwide. This problem is most commonly faced by 18 to 25 years of females. Medical students especially female hostelites poses high risk of anemia because of their poor eating habits, breakfast skipping, long schedule in college, burden of medical studies, clinical postings, and extra-curricular activities. Therefore the current study was designed to determine the hemoglobin status in young female medical students. We also elucidate its association with BMI...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522913/gutuo-jiejiu-decoction-improves-survival-of-patients-with-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Hong-Yuan Mou, Hong-Ming Nie, Xiao-Yu Hu
AIM: To verify the value of Gutuo Jiejiu decoction in improving the survival of patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in consecutive patients diagnosed with SAH at the Teaching Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The traditional Chinese medicine formula Gutuo Jiejiu decoction was employed as an exposure factor...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522667/baseline-survey-of-the-neuroradiology-work-environment-in-the-united-states-with-reported-trends-in-clinical-work-nonclinical-work-perceptions-of-trainees-and-burnout-metrics
#18
J Y Chen, F J Lexa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroradiologists have faced continuously increasing clinical workloads. Our aim was to establish and report a baseline survey of the current neuroradiology work environment in the United States and of experiential changes in recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A voluntary survey was sent to practicing and out-of-training members of the American Society of Neuroradiology in the United States. Selected measures included workday volume and length, burnout symptoms, participation in academic and practice-building duties; effects on perceived interpretation quality, communication of abnormal results, and consideration of early retirement or career changes, among others...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521838/does-the-use-of-the-informed-healthcare-choices-ihc-primary-school-resources-improve-the-ability-of-grade-5-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-trustworthiness-of-claims-about-the-effects-of-treatments-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#19
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Matthew Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: The ability to appraise claims about the benefits and harms of treatments is crucial for informed health care decision-making. This research aims to enable children in East African primary schools (the clusters) to acquire and retain skills that can help them make informed health care choices by improving their ability to obtain, process and understand health information. The trial will evaluate (at the individual participant level) whether specially designed learning resources can teach children some of the key concepts relevant to appraising claims about the benefits and harms of health care interventions (treatments)...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521380/-clinical-practical-examination-in-orthopaedic-teaching-who-is-the-ideal-examiner
#20
Peter Melcher, Andreas Roth, Mohamed Ghanem, Daisy Rotzoll
Background Medical curricula require an increasing amount of integrated clinical practical skills education. German medical faculties are increasingly implementing the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to test students' practical as well as communication skills. Teaching and assessment tools for practical skills include simulators and simulated patient scenarios, where peer-assisted teaching (PAT) is applied. Trained student tutors support this process. This study examines for the first time the use of PAT student tutors as examiners in an orthopaedic OSCE unit and the existence of possible differences in rating between faculty and PAT student tutors...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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