keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hiv histoplasmosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633713/ryp1-gene-as-a-target-for-molecular-diagnosis-of-histoplasmosis
#1
Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, Glaucia Morgana de Melo Guedes, Giovanna Barbosa Riello, Joyce Fonteles Ribeiro, Lucas Pereira Alencar, Silviane Praciano Bandeira, Débora Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Jonathas Sales Oliveira, Janaína Maria Maia Freire, Jacó Ricarte Lima de Mesquita, Zoilo Pires de Camargo, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha, José Júlio Costa Sidrim
This study analyzed the RYP1 gene as a target for the molecular diagnosis of histoplasmosis. This assay detected fungal DNA in 13/13 blood samples from HIV/AIDS-patients with histoplasmosis. Therefore, the detection of RYP1 gene in whole blood sample is a quick and sensitive test to diagnose histoplasmosis.
November 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450641/-clinical-problems-in-medical-mycology-problem-number-50
#2
Laura Guadalupe Walker, Alicia Arechavala, Fernando Messina, Ricardo Negroni, Gabriela Santiso
We present the case of a 34 year-old man, HIV-positive, who had suffered a disseminated histoplasmosis treated with amphotericin B one year before his admission. He was admitted at the Infectious Diseases Muñiz Hospital with a non-lithiasic chlolecystitis. During the clinical examination perigenital skin lesions compatible with tinea cruris, as well as proximal subungual onychomycoses of toenails, were observed. Microsporum gypseum was isolated from both types of lesions. Oral terbinafine led to a good clinical response...
July 19, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443422/disseminated-histoplasmosis-and-aids-a-prospective-and-multicentre-study-to-evaluate-the-performance-of-different-diagnostic-tests
#3
E R Hoffmann, T C Daboit, D D Paskulin, A A Monteiro, D R Falci, T Linhares, J M Flores, L Z Goldani, M G de Melo, P R Behar, A C Pasqualotto
The burden of histoplasmosis has been poorly documented in most of the endemic areas for the disease, including Brazil. Also, modern non-culture-based diagnostic tests are often non-available in these regions. This was a prospective cohort study in HIV-infected patients with suspected disseminated disease evaluated with different diagnostic tests. Patients were enrolled in three referral medical centres in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Among 78 evaluated patients, disseminated histoplasmosis was confirmed in eight individuals (10...
January 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428339/-frequency-of-invasive-fungal-infections-in-a-mexican-high-specialty-hospital-experience-of-21-years
#4
Luis Javier Méndez-Tovar, Jessica Aline Mejía-Mercado, Patricia Manzano-Gayosso, Francisca Hernández-Hernández, Rubén López-Martínez, Israel Silva-González
BACKGROUND: Factors such as cancer, HIV infection, use of corticosteroids and antibiotics, favors the increase in the number of invasive fungal infections (IFI) worldwide. METHODS: To determine the frequency and epidemiological aspects of IFI at a mexican, a review of the proven cases diagnosed over the past 21 years (1993-2013) in the Laboratory of Medical Mycology was performed. RESULTS: A total of 472 cases were identified as: 261 candidiasis, 82 mucormycosis, 60 cryptococcosis, 43 aspergillosis and 16 histoplasmosis...
September 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423433/the-simultaneous-occurrence-of-histoplasmosis-and-cryptococcal-fungemia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Joslaine de Oliveira Nunes, Kelly Regina Alves Pereira Pillon, Patrícia Lira Bizerra, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago, Rinaldo Poncio Mendes, Marilene Rodrigues Chang
Simultaneous infections with Cryptococcus neoformans and Histoplasma capsulatum are rare and typically occur in immunocompromised individuals, particularly AIDS patients. Because both of those fungi can spur the development of latent infections, it is generally unknown which organism was first present. The diagnosis of one fungus can hide the diagnosis of the other, leading to underdiagnoses and poor prognosis. We report a case of C. neoformans and H. capsulatum co-infection. We also performed a systematic review of the literature...
July 16, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365926/disseminated-histoplasmosis-a-fatal-opportunistic-infection-in-disguise
#6
Ruchita Tyagi, Arshdeep Kaur, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Harpreet Kaur Puri, Neena Sood
Histoplasma capsulatum is no longer confined to certain geographic areas and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of lymphadenopathy and organomegaly in HIV-positive patients. We present an unusual case of a 20-year-old immunocompromised male of African origin presenting with fever, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, and retroperitoneal and cervical lymphadenopathy. Fine needle aspiration (FNA) smears from the cervical lymph node revealed numerous yeast forms of histoplasma in macrophages. The patient succumbed to the fulminant infection...
July 2016: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292015/pulmonary-infections-in-immunocompromised-patients-the-role-of-image-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#7
S Sharma, P Gupta, N Gupta, A Lal, D Behera, A Rajwanshi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of pulmonary infections in immunocompromised patients and to identify the imaging pattern of infections on computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 42 immunocompromised patients who underwent FNAC under image guidance owing to a clinical pulmonary infection. Each patient was evaluated for an underlying immunocompromised condition, cytological diagnosis, CT findings and complications...
June 13, 2016: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279680/etiological-study-of-lymphadenopathy-in-hiv-infected-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#8
Dipanwita Nag, Sumedha Dey, Ayandip Nandi, Ranjana Bandyopadhyay, Debjani Roychowdhury, Raja Roy
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a global pandemic. Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL) is very common manifestation of HIV infection. Moreover, different opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis (TB) and malignancies may present with lymphadenopathy. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is most common with cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ count ≤50 cells/μL. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) offers a simple and effective modality for obtaining a representative sample of the material from lymph nodes, permitting cytological evaluation and other investigations...
April 2016: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276735/clinical-characteristics-of-histoplasmosis-in-siriraj-hospital
#9
Panibud Wongprommek, Methee Chayakulkeeree
BACKGROUND: Histoplasmosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Histoplasmosis capsulatum (H. capsulatum), a dimorphic fungus. Histoplasmosis is not endemic to Thailand. Cases of histoplasmosis are sporadic and mostly associated with HIV disease. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of histoplasmosis in Thai patients have not been well described. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with histoplasmosis at Siriraj Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand MATERIAL AND METHOD: This retrospective investigation studied adult patients with histoplasmosis who attended Siriraj Hospital for treatment between 2002 and 2012 (11 years)...
March 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227446/histoplasma-capsulatum-sinusitis-possible-way-of-revelation-to-the-disseminated-form-of-histoplasmosis-in-hiv-patients-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
R Elansari, R Abada, S Rouadi, M Roubal, M Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Histoplasma capsulatum is rarely found in nose and sinuses in immunocompetent and even in immunosupressed patients. A literature review revealed rare cases of H. capsulatum sinusitis and the case we describe in this paper is the first case of H. capsulatum sinusitis in Morocco. The purpose of our work is to present a rare case of H. capsulatum sinusitis and a literature review. CASE REPORT: A male patient, at his 39 presented to the emergency with suffered from nasal congestion and yellow postnasal rhinorrhea, occasional headaches and epistaxis for over than two months...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158080/-multifocal-histoplasmosis-due-to-histoplasma-capsulatum-var-duboisii-in-a-22-year-old-senegalese-patient-without-proven-immunodepression
#11
S Diadie, B Diatta, M Ndiaye, M Gaye, D Sow, M T Ndiaye, B Seck, S Diallo, A Diop, M Diallo, F Ly, S O Niang, A Kane, M T Dieng
The authors report a case of multifocal African histoplasmosis with polymorphic skin involvement occuring in a patient without proven immunosuppression. He was a young 22-year-old patient from eastern Senegal - but born in Ouganda - who presented with polymorphic skin lesions: ombilicated papulo-nodules, gums and ulcerative and budding lesions. He showed lymphadenopathies without clinical inflammation and with a cheesy appearance of the biopsy but without tuberculosis and also hepatosplenic and bone involvement...
September 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109283/oral-mycoses-and-other-opportunistic-infections-in-hiv-therapy-and-emerging-problems-a-workshop-report
#12
K M Vidya, U K Rao, W Nittayananta, H Liu, F J Owotade
Oral mycoses and other opportunistic infections are recognized features of HIV infection even after four decades of the epidemic. The therapeutic options, challenges of therapy, and evolving patterns of opportunistic infections were evaluated by the workshop. It was observed that high Candida counts and infection are still more prevalent in HIV-positive individuals even in the era of antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, one or more non-Candida albicans are present in some HIV-positive individuals. While Candida species are more virulent in HIV infection, similar virulence may be present in other states of immunosuppression...
April 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049710/disseminated-fungal-infection-with-adrenal-involvement-report-of-two-hiv-negative-brazilian-patients
#13
Graziella Hanna Pereira, Valéria Pereira Barbosa Lanzoni, Elisa Maria Beirão, Artur Timerman, Marcia de Souza Carvalho Melhem
Paracoccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis are systemic fungal infections endemic in Brazil. Disseminated clinical forms are uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. We describe two HIV-negative patients with disseminated fungal infections, paracoccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis, who were diagnosed by biopsies of suprarenal lesions. Both were treated for a prolonged period with oral antifungal agents, and both showed favorable outcomes.
December 2015: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896884/multiple-opportunistic-fungal-infections-in-an-individual-with-severe-hiv-disease-a-case-report
#14
Fernando Almeida-Silva, Lisandra Serra Damasceno, Maria Jose Buitrago Serna, Clara Valero, Leonardo Pereira Quintella, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes, Mauro de Medeiros Muniz, Rosely Maria Zancope-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Fungal infections have been commonly diagnosed in individuals with advanced HIV disease. Cryptococcosis, pneumocystosis, and histoplasmosis are the most frequent systemic mycoses in people suffering from HIV/AIDS. CASE REPORT: We report a case of multiple fungal infections in an advanced AIDS-patient. A 33-year-old HIV-positive man from Brazil was hospitalized due to diarrhea, dyspnea, emaciation, hypoxemia, extensive oral thrush, and a CD4+ T lymphocyte count of 20cells/mm(3)...
April 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26867394/histoplasmosis-myositis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
S Nimitvilai, W Thammaprasert, S Vinyuvat
Disseminated histoplasmosis is an AIDS-defining illness that can affect multiple organ systems. Myositis due to histoplasmosis is rare in HIV infected patients. We report here an HIV-infected patient who presented with myositis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. Her HIV was under poor control and her CD4 cell count was only 11 cells/mm3. She responded well to treatment but later succumbed to another opportunistic infection. The literature on disseminated histoplasmosis is reviewed.
July 2015: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26744657/update-on-the-spectrum-of-histoplasmosis-among-hispanic-patients-presenting-to-a-new-york-city-municipal-hospital-a-contemporary-case-series
#16
Viral Gandhi, Phillip Ulyanovskiy, Oleg Epelbaum
Histoplasma capsulatum is the most common endemic mycosis worldwide. Although most of the globe's largest urban hubs fall outside this organism's regions of endemicity, clinicians practicing in a metropolis like New York City or Los Angeles must nevertheless remain vigilant for histoplasmosis because of the large immigrant population that is served by its hospitals. H. capsulatum infection ranges from asymptomatic pulmonary infection to life-threatening diffuse pneumonia with dissemination. The early years of the AIDS epidemic first introduced U...
2015: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26729981/histoplasmosis-presenting-as-isolated-cervical-lymphadenopathy-a-rare-presentation
#17
Debi Prasad Mishra, Sindhu Ramamurthy, Samir Kumar Behera
Histoplasmosis is an opportunistic fungal infection caused by inhaling the spores of a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. Disseminated histoplasmosis is the most common form associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Here, we report a case of histoplasmosis presenting as isolated cervical lymphadenopathy in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patient diagnosed by a less invasive method (fine-needle aspiration cytology) and confirmed by fungal culture of fine-needle aspiration material...
July 2015: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26722169/disseminated-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-in-newly-diagnosed-hiv
#18
Gabriela M Soza, Mahir Patel, Allison Readinger, Caitriona Ryan
We present a woman with a widespread severe papulopustular eruption, fever, and fatigue of 5 weeks' duration. HIV infection was diagnosed, with an absolute CD4(+) count of 3 cells/µL. The eruption was consistent with disseminated cutaneous histoplasmosis. The clinical manifestations and management of cutaneous histoplasmosis are reviewed.
January 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691607/the-burden-of-serious-human-fungal-infections-in-brazil
#19
Juliana Giacomazzi, Ludmila Baethgen, Lilian C Carneiro, Maria Adelaide Millington, David W Denning, Arnaldo L Colombo, Alessandro C Pasqualotto
In Brazil, human fungal infections are prevalent, however, these conditions are not officially reportable diseases. To estimate the burden of serious fungal diseases in 1 year in Brazil, based on available data and published literature. Historical official data from fungal diseases were collected from Brazilian Unified Health System Informatics Department (DATASUS). For fungal diseases for which no official data were available, assumptions of frequencies were made by estimating based on published literature...
March 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26636153/bacillary-angiomatosis-a-rare-finding-in-the-setting-of-antiretroviral-drugs
#20
M C Madua
An HIV-positive 39-year-old man presented with generalised nodular lesions. He was apyrexial and normotensive, with a normal respiratory rate. The rest of the examination was normal. He had been on antiretroviral therapy for >4 years; most importantly, he was on a second-line regimen (lopinavir/ritonavir (Aluvia) based). The appearance of the lesions, together with the history, led to the following possible diagnoses: bacillary angiomatosis, cutaneous cryptococcosis, nodular Kaposi sarcoma or cutaneous histoplasmosis...
October 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
keyword
keyword
92565
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"