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Dermatophytosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516493/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dermatophytosis-in-dogs-and-cats-clinical-consensus-guidelines-of-the-world-association-for-veterinary-dermatology
#1
REVIEW
Karen A Moriello, Kimberly Coyner, Susan Paterson, Bernard Mignon
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytosis is a superficial fungal skin disease of cats and dogs. The most common pathogens of small animals belong to the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton. It is an important skin disease because it is contagious, infectious and can be transmitted to people. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this document is to review the existing literature and provide consensus recommendations for veterinary clinicians and lay people on the diagnosis and treatment of dermatophytosis in cats and dogs...
June 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513812/common-dermatophytes-and-in-vitro-anti-fungal-susceptibility-testing-in-patients-attending-the-dermatological-clinic-at-the-hospital-for-tropical-medicine-bangkok
#2
Watcharamat Muangkaew, Thanwa Wongsuk, Natthanej Luplertlop
Dermatophytes comprising the genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton are important causes of superficial mycoses. The number of infected patients and the distribution of species of these organisms in our hospital were unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate the clinical pattern of dermatophyte infections and to identify the species of these dermatophytes at the Dermatological Clinic of the Hospital for Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok in a 1-year period...
May 17, 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501468/-tinea-capitis-main-mycosis-child-epidemiological-study-on-10years
#3
A Kallel, A Hdider, N Fakhfakh, S Belhadj, N Belhadj-Salah, N Bada, A Chouchen, S Ennigrou, K Kallel
Despite the changes in their epidemiology, and the improving level of hygiene of the population, tinea capitis is still considered a public health problem in our country, and is the most common type of dermatophytosis in our country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and mycological features of tinea capitis in children encountered in the Tunis region. A retrospective study concerned 1600 children aged 6 months to 15 years suspected to have tinea capitis was conducted in Parasitology-Mycology laboratory, Rabta hospital, over a 10-years period (2005-2014)...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494177/influence-of-low-level-laser-on-pain-and-inflammation-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-diabetic-dermopathy-a-case-report
#4
Animesh Hazari, Shivashankara K N, Karthik K Rao, Arun G Maiya
Numerous skin lesions have been commonly observed in individuals with diabetes mellitus. The common skin manifestations of diabetes mellitus are erythrsma, xanthosmatosis, xanthelasma, pycomycetes, and cutaneous infections like furuncolosis, candidiasis, carbuncle, dermatophytosis etc.Diabetic dermopathy is the most common skin lesion found in diabetics. It is typically seen in males above 50 years. Low level laser therapy was illuminated on the entire lower limb with the frequency of 20 Hz and wavelength of 830 nm for 9 minutes divided into four parts...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462859/exfoliative-erythroderma-and-palmoplantar-hyperkeratosis-associated-with-majocchi-s-granuloma-by-trichophyton-tonsurans-in-a-patient-with-aids
#5
Marcelo R Lyra, Bruna Muniz Álvarez, Andrea L Lanziano, Maria Auxiliadora A Imbeth, Adriana M Sá, Tullia Cuzzi, Jeferson C Oliveira, Armando O Schubach
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytoses are skin superficial mycoses in which clinical manifestations are directly related to the virulence of the infecting microorganism or the host immunity. CASE REPORT: We describe a severe case of dermatophytosis associated with exfoliative erythroderma, substantial palmoplantar keratoderma, onychodystrophy affecting all nails, diffuse non-scarring alopecia and tissue fungal invasion by Trichophyton tonsurans, which led us to the diagnosis of AIDS...
April 24, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425361/assessment-of-real-time-pcr-cycle-threshold-values-in-microsporum-canis-culture-positive-and-culture-negative-cats-in-an-animal-shelter-a-field-study
#6
Linda S Jacobson, Lauren McIntyre, Jenny Mykusz
Objectives Real-time PCR provides quantitative information, recorded as the cycle threshold (Ct) value, about the number of organisms detected in a diagnostic sample. The Ct value correlates with the number of copies of the target organism in an inversely proportional and exponential relationship. The aim of the study was to determine whether Ct values could be used to distinguish between culture-positive and culture-negative samples. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of Ct values from dermatophyte PCR results in cats with suspicious skin lesions or suspected exposure to dermatophytosis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419352/dermatophytes-and-dermatophytosis-in-the-eastern-and-southern-parts-of-africa
#7
E I Nweze, I E Eke
Dermatophytosis is currently a disease of global importance and a public health burden. It is caused by dermatophytes, which attack and grow on dead animal keratin. Dermatophytes belong to three genera, namely, Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton. The predominant clinical forms and causative agents vary from one region of the world to another. Poor socioeconomic status, high population densities, and poor sanitary conditions are some of the factors responsible for the high prevalence of dermatophytosis in many developing countries, which include countries in southern and eastern Africa, the focus of this review...
April 17, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405548/clinicoepidemiological-and-mycological-study-of-tinea-capitis-in-the-pediatric-population-of-kashmir-valley-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre
#8
Yasmeen J Bhat, Sumaya Zeerak, Farhat Kanth, Atiya Yaseen, Iffat Hassan, Rubina Hakak
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a superficial fungal infection that predominantly affects the pediatric population. The etiological factors vary from region to region, and the exact incidence remains obscure. The clinicoepidemiological and mycological aspects of this dermatophytosis were studied in a tertiary care centre in Kashmir valley. AIM: To determine the clinicoepidemiological aspects and mycological findings of dermatophytes involved in tinea capitis cases in Kashmir valley...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397528/skin-diseases-of-the-vulva-infectious-diseases
#9
Freja Lærke Sand, Simon Francis Thomsen
A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389891/a-unique-clinicopathological-manifestation-of-fungal-infection-a-case-series-of-deep-dermatophytosis-in-immunosuppressed-patients
#10
Ruben Kershenovich, Shany Sherman, Ofer Reiter, Shiran Reiss Huss, Elena Didkovsky, Daniel Mimouni, Emmilia Hodak, Rina Segal
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytes are the most common cause of superficial fungal infections in humans. Deep dermatophytosis, however, is rare, described to date only in isolated case reports, usually in the setting of systemic immunosuppression. OBJECTIVE: To present the 15-year experience of a tertiary dermato-mycology clinic with the diagnosis and treatment of deep dermatophytosis. METHODS: Patients were identified by database search. Clinical, mycological, histological, and treatment data were collected from the medical files...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366915/the-menace-of-dermatophytosis-in-india-the-evidence-that-we-need
#11
EDITORIAL
Saumya Panda, Shyam Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347599/the-anti-dermatophyte-activity-of-zataria-multiflora-essential-oils
#12
M Mahboubi, R HeidaryTabar, E Mahdizadeh
OBJECTIVE: Dermtophytes are a group of pathogenic fungi and the major cause of dermatophytosis in humans and animals. Fighting dermatophytes by natural essential oils is one important issue in new researches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this investigation, we evaluated the anti-dermatophyte activities of three samples of Z. multiflora essential oils against dermatophytes along with analysis of chemical compositions of the essential oils and their anti-elastase activities on elastase production in dermatophytes...
March 24, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346993/artemisia-sieberi-besser-essential-oil-and-treatment-of-fungal-infections
#13
REVIEW
Mohaddese Mahboubi
A. sieberi essential oil has been used for treatment of hardly curable infectious ulcers in Middle East Medicine and has been famous due to its wormicide effects. In this review, we evaluated the potency of A. sieberi essential oil in treatment of fungal infections. We searched in PubMed Central, Science direct, Wiley, Springer, SID, and accessible books, reports, thesis. There is a lot of mixed information on chemical compositions of A. sieberi essential oil, but most articles reported α, β-thujones as the main components of essential oils...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340215/development-of-enzyme-immunoassays-elisa-and-western-blot-for-the-serological-diagnosis-of-dermatophytosis-in-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-cats
#14
Aline Elisa Santana, Carlos Pelleschi Taborda, Julia So Severo, Glauce Mary Gomes Rittner, Julian Esteban Muñoz, Carlos Eduardo Larsson, Carlos Eduardo Larsson
Dermatophytosis is the most common fungal infection in cats worldwide and plays an important role in both animal and human health due to their high zoonotic potential. Effective screening is a strong preventive measure and the fungal culture is quite useful but requires full laboratorial experience and it takes a long time to obtain the result. A rapid and accurate screening test for dermatophytosis in cats is crucial for the effective control of disease outbreaks. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of enzyme immunoassays (ELISA and Western blot [WB]) for the rapid and precise diagnosis of dermatophytosis in cats...
March 11, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327819/cellular-immunodeficiency-related-to-chronic-dermatophytosis-in-a-patient-with-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-can-schistosomiasis-induce-immunodeficiency
#15
Maurício Domingues Ferreira, Anna Cristina Collaniere, Dalton Luís Bertolini, Noac Chuffi Barros, Dewton de Moraes Vasconcelos
Here, we describe a case of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis that progressed to widespread persistent dermatophytosis. Significant T and B lymphocytopenia was confirmed. T-cell deficit is associated with increased susceptibility to fungal infections of skin and mucous membranes. The accumulation of a large amount of blood cells in the spleen could have played a crucial role in the development of lymphocytopenia in the present case. Alternatively, the schistosomiasis-induced increase in prostaglandin E2 levels could have inhibited the production of interferon-γ, a cytokine fundamental to fungal resistance...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278668/chemical-characterisation-and-biological-activity-of-leaf-essential-oils-obtained-from-pistacia-terebinthus-growing-wild-in-tunisia-and-sardinia-island
#16
Alessandra Piras, Hanen Marzouki, Andrea Maxia, Arianna Marengo, Silvia Porcedda, Danilo Falconieri, Maria José Gonçalves, Carlos Cavaleiro, Ligia Salgueiro
In the present work the chemical compositions, measured by GC and GC-MS, of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves of Pistacia terebinthus collected in Bizerte (Tunisia) and Baunei (Italy) are reported. Both essential oils possessed high content of monoterpene hydrocarbons (86.3% and 90.9%, respectively), being α-pinene (62.4 vs. 35.0)%, camphene (3.0 vs. 2.4)%, β-pinene (12.1 vs. 4.5)%, terpinolene (1.7 vs. 35.2)% and β-phellandrene (3.8 vs. 4.5)% the main components. The Tunisian essential oil exhibited higher antifungal activity than the Italian one...
February 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214274/intra-abdominal-fungal-pseudomycetoma-in-two-cats
#17
Matheus V Bianchi, Cláudio J M Laisse, Thainã P Vargas, Flademir Wouters, Fabiana M Boabaid, Saulo P Pavarini, Laerte Ferreiro, David Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Pseudomycetomas are deep cutaneous to subcutaneous lesions caused by Microsporum canis mainly described in Persian cats, with few reports of intra-abdominal location. This report describes the clinical signs and lesions of intra-abdominal pseudomycetomas caused by M. canis in two Persian cats. CASE REPORT: Two Persian cats with a history of previous laparotomy (ovariohysterectomy and nephrostomy) and fecal impaction were examined. Cat #1 was euthanized and subjected to necropsy, histopathology and mycological evaluation...
February 14, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#18
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198097/inibitory-effects-of-linalool-on-fungal-pathogenicity-of-clinical-isolates-of-microsporum-canis-and-microsporum-gypseum
#19
Kaltz V S Silva, Maria I O Lima, Gustavo N Cardoso, Aldeir S Santos, Gezaíldo S Silva, Fillipe O Pereira
In humans worldwide, Microsporum sp. is a frequent agent of dermatophytsosis. When considering the emergence of resistant fungi and the clinical relevance of dermatophytosis, terpene antifungal activity is of great interest. Linalool is a monoterpene alcohol with pharmacological properties. In this study, antifungal in vitro activity of linalool and ketoconazole (as a positive control) were evaluated against clinical isolates of M. canis and M. gypseum. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of each drug were determined by broth microdilution...
June 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195092/efficacy-of-in-house-fluorescent-stain-for-fungus
#20
K R L Surya Kirani, V Satya Chandrika
CONTEXT: Mycotic infections are gaining importance in the present day medicine, and definite demonstration of fungus is essential for diagnosis. Small numbers of organisms in the smear can be identified by fluorescence microscopy. Calcofluor white (CFW) fluorescent stain is a textile brightener mixed with Evans blue. It is expensive and not easily available. AIMS: (1) To assess the efficacy of in-house CFW fluorescent stain for fungus in relation to conventional CFW stain, histopathology, and culture...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
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