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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335404/perceptions-of-health-co-benefits-in-relation-to-greenhouse-gas-emission-reductions-a-survey-among-urban-residents-in-three-chinese-cities
#1
Jinghong Gao, Guozhang Xu, Wenjun Ma, Yong Zhang, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Tianfeng He, Hualiang Lin, Tao Liu, Shaohua Gu, Jun Wang, Jing Li, Jun Yang, Xiaobo Liu, Jing Li, Haixia Wu, Qiyong Liu
Limited information is available on the perceptions of stakeholders concerning the health co-benefits of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of urban residents on the health co-benefits involving GHG abatement and related influencing factors in three cities in China. Beijing, Ningbo and Guangzhou were selected for this survey. Participants were recruited from randomly chosen committees, following quotas for gender and age in proportion to the respective population shares...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323222/laparoscopic-nerve-preserving-sacropexy
#2
Alfredo Ercoli, Stefano Cosma, Francesca Riboni, Giuseppe Campagna, Paolo Petruzzelli, Daniela Surico, Saverio Danese, Giovanni Scambia, Chiara Benedetto
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to demonstrate our developed nerve preserving technique during laparoscopic sacropexy (LSP) for multicompartment pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: exemplificative case of our surgical procedure based on a multicentric experience consisting of more than 800 cases in 10 years without major intraoperative complications. Informed consent was taken from the subject, and the institutional review board approved this research. SETTING: public practice at Maggiore della Carità University Hospital, Novara; at Sant'Anna Hospital, City of Health and Science, University of Torino; at A...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315054/a-preliminary-investigation-of-noise-impact-within-metro-stations-in-the-urban-city-of-guangzhou-china
#3
Peng Wang, Yimin Wang, Chao Zou, Jixing Guo
The noise in the metro station is synthesized from a variety of different noise sources. Excessive noise exposure will bring serious impacts on humans' health. To alleviate the shortage of the urban land, most metro stations are planning to develop convenience stores and shopping malls. In order to evaluate the potential noise impact on humans' comfort in the metro stations, this study selected four representative stations of Guangzhou Metro Line 1 to carry out a preliminary questionnaire survey of 226 respondents for the perception and perform a noise measurement...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314500/achieving-sustainable-community-based-health-in-detroit-through-adaptation-of-the-unsdgs
#4
Alexander Plum, Linda Kaljee
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Rio+20 meeting initiated the concept of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals. The resulting document "The Future We Want" is best conceived as a roadmap toward poverty eradication and sustainable development. Although the SDGs were developed for low- and middle-income countries, many of these same issues face low-resource cities and communities in higher-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to use the SDGs as a platform to develop health-related goals for the city of Detroit...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303469/association-between-maternal-exposure-to-tobacco-presence-of-tgfa-gene-and-the-occurrence-of-oral-clefts-a-case-control-study
#5
Mohammed Junaid, M B Aswath Narayanan, D Jayanthi, S G Ramesh Kumar, A Leena Selvamary
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between maternal tobacco use or exposure, presence of variant transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) gene, and the occurrence of oral clefts. METHODS: The present case control study was carried out for 5 months in three tertiary government hospitals in Chennai city with a sample of 100 children (50 children with non syndromic cleft and 50 control) aged 0-24 months. The details of maternal risk factors during the period of gestation were recorded from case and control parents through a pre-validated questionnaire, following which blood samples from 92 children (46 case and 46 controls) based on consent were obtained and evaluated for TGFA gene polymorphism...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301455/-characteristics-of-communication-systems-of-suspected-occupational-disease-in-the-autonomous-communities-spain
#6
Montserrat García Gómez, Félix Urbaneja Arrúe, Vega García López, Valentín Estaban Buedo, Valentín Rodríguez Suárez, Lourdes Miralles Martínez-Portillo, Isabel González García, Josefa Egea Garcia, Emma Corraliza Infanzon, Laura Ramírez Salvador, Santiago Briz Blázquez, Ricard Armengol Rosell, José María Cisnal Gredilla, Juan Francisco Correa Rodríguez, Juan Carlos Coto Fernández, Mª Rosario Díaz Peral, Mercedes Elvira Espinosa, Iñigo Fernández Fernández, Eduardo García-Ramos Alonso, Nieves Martínez Arguisuelas, Ana Isabel Rivas Pérez
BACKGROUND: There are several initiatives to develop systems for the notification of suspected occupational disease (OD) in different autonomous communities. The objective was to describe the status of development and characteristics of these systems implemented by the health authorities. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on the existence of systems for the information and surveillance of suspected OD, their legal framework, responsible institution and availability of information...
March 17, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300976/primary-health-care-reform-in-the-cities-of-lisbon-and-rio-de-janeiro-context-strategies-results-learning-and-challenges
#7
Daniel Soranz, Luís Augusto Coelho Pisco
On the 30th anniversary of Alma-Ata, the World Health Organization published in 2008 the "Primary Health Care Now More Than Ever" Report, calling on all governments to reflect on the need to reflect on four sets of reforms. These included: (i) universal coverage reforms; (ii) service delivery reforms; (iii) public policies reforms that would ensure healthier communities; and (iv) leadership reforms. In this context, in the period 2005-2016, the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Lisbon developed a profound primary healthcare reform, and did so by sharing many of the solutions based on the best internationally recognized organizational practices...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295804/family-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-parental-lifestyle-behaviors-are-associated-with-offspring-cardiovascular-disease-risk-markers-in-childhood
#8
Danilo R Silva, André O Werneck, Paul J Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Décio S Barbosa, Enio R V Ronque, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease risk markers have become more prevalent in childhood. To provide increased understanding of the etiology of this public health issue, we investigated associations between family characteristics with cardiovascular disease risk markers in adolescents from a developing nation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data for fasting glucose, lipoproteins (LDL-C and HDL-C), triglycerides, and total cholesterol were collected from 991 adolescents aged 10-17 who were recruited from public schools in Londrina city, Southern Brazil...
March 11, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288726/prevalence-of-drink-driving-and-speeding-in-china-a-time-series-analysis-from-two-cities
#9
Q Li, H He, L Duan, Y Wang, D M Bishai, A A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: To confront the public health challenge imposed by road traffic injuries in China. STUDY DESIGN: A consortium of international partners designed and implemented targeted interventions, such as social media campaigns, advocacy for legislative change and law enforcement training, to reduce the percentage of drink driving and speeding in two Chinese cities, Dalian and Suzhou, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: Time series models were developed to detect changes in the prevalence of drink driving and speeding using data collected through four years of observational studies...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288609/social-exclusion-index-for-health-surveys-sei-hs-a-prospective-nationwide-study-to-extend-and-validate-a-multidimensional-social-exclusion-questionnaire
#10
Addi P L van Bergen, Stella J M Hoff, Hanneke Schreurs, Annelies van Loon, Albert M van Hemert
BACKGROUND: Social exclusion (SE) refers to the inability of certain groups or individuals to fully participate in society. SE is associated with socioeconomic inequalities in health, and its measurement in routine public health monitoring is considered key to designing effective health policies. In an earlier retrospective analysis we demonstrated that in all four major Dutch cities, SE could largely be measured with existing local public health monitoring data. The current prospective study is aimed at constructing and validating an extended national measure for SE that optimally employs available items...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283368/are-the-saudi-parents-aware-of-antibiotic-role-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children
#11
Abdulaziz S Alrafiaah, Meaad H Alqarny, Haneen Y Alkubedan, Sulaiman AlQueflie, Aamir Omair
Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is considered to be the most common reason for children's visits to emergency departments or outpatient clinics. The misuse and overuse of antibiotics are currently major public health problems worldwide. This study aimed to assess Saudi parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding the use of antibiotics in URTIs in children. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi Arabia using a previously validated questionnaire, which was distributed using Twitter...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283032/sustainability-via-active-garden-education-sage-results-from-two-feasibility-pilot-studies
#12
Rebecca E Lee, Nathan H Parker, Erica G Soltero, Tracey A Ledoux, Scherezade K Mama, Lorna McNeill
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in early childhood are continued public health challenges. This manuscript describes outcomes from two pilot studies for Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a program designed to increase PA and F&V consumption among 3 to 5 year old children. METHODS: SAGE was developed using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and delivered to children (N = 89) in early care and education centers (ECEC, N = 6) in two US cities...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282865/utilizing-crowdsourced-data-for-studies-of-cycling-and-air-pollution-exposure-a-case-study-using-strava-data
#13
Yeran Sun, Amin Mobasheri
With the development of information and communications technology, user-generated content and crowdsourced data are playing a large role in studies of transport and public health. Recently, Strava, a popular website and mobile app dedicated to tracking athletic activity (cycling and running), began offering a data service called Strava Metro, designed to help transportation researchers and urban planners to improve infrastructure for cyclists and pedestrians. Strava Metro data has the potential to promote studies of cycling and health by indicating where commuting and non-commuting cycling activities are at a large spatial scale (street level and intersection level)...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274288/improving-data-quality-in-mass-gatherings-health-research
#14
Andrew Guy, Ross Prager, Sheila Turris, Adam Lund
Mass gatherings attract large crowds and can strain the planning and health resources of the community, city, or nation hosting an event. Mass-Gatherings Health (MGH) is an evolving niche of prehospital care rooted in emergency medicine, emergency management, public health, and disaster medicine. To explore front-line issues related to data quality in the context of mass gatherings, the authors draw on five years of management experience with an online, mass-gathering event and patient registry, as well as clinical and operational experience amassed over several decades...
March 9, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259745/low-income-urban-mothers-experiences-with-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program
#15
Sarah Robbins, Anna K Ettinger, Carolyn Keefe, Anne Riley, Pamela J Surkan
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity remains a public health concern in the United States, particularly among low-income urban ethnically diverse families, even with the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Limited phenomenologic data exist to capture how programmatic changes to SNAP address the needs of users and why a gap in SNAP use may exist. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the experiences of low-income, Baltimore, MD, mothers in applying for and maintaining access to SNAP...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257475/awareness-and-attitudes-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-physicians-in-guatemala-implications-for-country-wide-implementation
#16
Ian Ross, Carlos Mejia, Johanna Melendez, Philip A Chan, Amy C Nunn, William Powderly, Katherine Goodenberger, Jingxia Liu, Kenneth H Mayer, Rupa R Patel
INTRODUCTION: HIV continues to be a major health concern with approximately 2.1 million new infections occurring worldwide in 2015. In Central America, Guatemala had the highest incident number of HIV infections (3,700) in 2015. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was recently recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an efficacious intervention to prevent HIV transmission. PrEP implementation efforts are underway in Guatemala and success will require providers that are knowledgeable and willing to prescribe PrEP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257409/a-case-study-of-the-philadelphia-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-policymaking-process-implications-for-policy-development-and-advocacy
#17
Jonathan Purtle, Brent Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban
CONTEXT: Policymakers are increasingly proposing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes as an evidence-based strategy to reduce chronic disease risk; and local health departments (LHDs) are well-positioned to play a role in SSB policy development and advocacy. However, most SSB tax proposals fail to become law and limited empiric guidance exists to inform advocacy efforts. In June 2016, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, passed an SSB tax. OBJECTIVE: To identify features of the Philadelphia SSB tax policymaking process that contributed to the proposal's passage...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252375/policy-at-play-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-and-active-living-guidelines-in-municipal-child-care-settings
#18
Kelly McKay, Sherry Nigro
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) partnered with the City of Ottawa Municipal Child Care (MCC) Services to develop Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Guidelines. SETTING: The Guidelines aim to promote consistent standards of practice in child care settings related to healthy environments and food, physical activity, physical literacy, decreased sedentary behaviours, and positive role modeling by staff. The Guidelines targeted 498 children aged 18 months to 5 years, attending MCC centres...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250031/faculty-development-for-metro-new-york-city-postdoctoral-dental-program-directors-delphi-assessment-and-program-response
#19
Marcie S Rubin, Mari Millery, Burton L Edelstein
Faculty development for dental academicians is essential to cultivate a continuous faculty workforce, retain existing faculty members, enhance their teaching skill sets, and remain responsive to changing program requirements and curricular reforms. To maximize the utility of dental faculty development, it is important to systematically assess and address faculty members' perceived training needs. The aims of this study were to determine priority topics among one group of postdoctoral program directors and to translate those topics into faculty development programs as part of Columbia University's Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)-sponsored faculty training program for primary care educators...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249597/factor-structure-and-internal-reliability-of-an-exercise-health-belief-model-scale-in-a-mexican-population
#20
Oscar Armando Esparza-Del Villar, Priscila Montañez-Alvarado, Marisela Gutiérrez-Vega, Irene Concepción Carrillo-Saucedo, Gloria Margarita Gurrola-Peña, Norma Alicia Ruvalcaba-Romero, María Dolores García-Sánchez, Sergio Gabriel Ochoa-Alcaraz
BACKGROUND: Mexico is one of the countries with the highest rates of overweight and obesity around the world, with 68.8% of men and 73% of women reporting both. This is a public health problem since there are several health related consequences of not exercising, like having cardiovascular diseases or some types of cancers. All of these problems can be prevented by promoting exercise, so it is important to evaluate models of health behaviors to achieve this goal. Among several models the Health Belief Model is one of the most studied models to promote health related behaviors...
March 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
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