keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public health AND developping cities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924107/newborn-healthcare-in-urban-india
#1
REVIEW
J Sharma, D Osrin, B Patil, S B Neogi, M Chauhan, R Khanna, R Kumar, V K Paul, S Zodpey
The rapid population growth in urban India has outpaced the municipal capacity to build essential infrastructures that make life in cities safe and healthy. Local and national governments alike are grappling with the challenges of urbanization with thousands migrating from villages to cities. Thus, urbanization in India has been accompanied by a concentration of poverty and urban public healthcare has emerged as one of the most pressing priorities facing our country. Newborn mortality rates in urban settings are lower than rural areas, early neonatal deaths account for greater proportion than late neonatal deaths...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923361/epidemiology-of-breast-cancer-retrospective-study-in-the-central-african-republic
#2
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Ghose Bishwajit, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Barbara Esther Ouansaba, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Yuanli Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is recognised as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very limited evidence about its epidemiology in the Central African Republic. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and histopathological characteristics of breast cancer in Bangui. METHODS: This is a retrospective study based on the data collected from pathological anatomy records from 2003 to 2015 in Bangui. A questionnaire was designed to collect information and data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#3
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903062/geographically-weighted-regression-for-modelling-the-accessibility-to-the-public-hospital-network-in-concepci%C3%A3-n-metropolitan-area-chile
#4
Marcela Martínez Bascuñán, Carolina Rojas Quezada
Accessibility models in transport geography based on geographic information systems have proven to be an effective method in determining spatial inequalities associated with public health. This work aims to model the spatial accessibility from populated areas within the Concepción metropolitan area (CMA), the second largest city in Chile. The city's public hospital network is taken into consideration with special reference to socio-regional inequalities. The use of geographically weighted regression (GWR) and ordinary least squares (OLS) for modelling accessibility with socioeconomic and transport variables is proposed...
November 22, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903060/satellite-imagery-technology-in-public-health-analysis-of-site-catchment-areas-for-assessment-of-poliovirus-circulation-in-nigeria-and-niger
#5
Marina Takane, Shizu Yabe, Yumiko Tateshita, Yusuke Kobayashi, Akihiko Hino, Kazuo Isono, Hiromasa Okayasu, Ousmane M Diop, Takeo Tadono
Environmental surveillance supplements the surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis by monitoring wastewater for poliovirus circulation. Building on previous work, we analysed wastewater flow to optimise selection and placement of sampling sites with higher digital surface model (DSM) resolution. The newly developed 5-m mesh DSM from the panchromatic, remote-sensing instruments for stereo mapping on-board the Japanese advanced land observing satellite was used to estimate catchment areas and flow of sewage water based on terrain topography...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#6
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896265/social-mechanisms-to-get-people-outdoors-bimodal-distribution-of-interest-in-nature
#7
Ralf Christopher Buckley, Diane Westaway, Paula Brough
We report results from a post-program survey (n = 930) of participants in a non-profit outdoor health program targeted principally at women with families in Australia's metropolitan cities. We analyze communications, motivations, experiences, satisfaction, and intentions. The program involves 3 months' outdoor training in scenic locations, culminating in a single-day event. Training includes social opportunities and peer-group support. Event entry is in teams and includes charitable fundraising and personal challenges...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#8
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872803/local-food-environment-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-an-ecological-study
#9
Mariana Carvalho Menezes, Bruna Vieirade Lima Costa, Cláudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
Ecological studies are essential for understanding the environment-diet relationship. The purpose of this study was to describe environmental conditions and their relationship with fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among Brazilian public health service users in the city of Belo Horizonte. We evaluated food stores contained within 1600 m buffer zones at 18 Health Academy Programme sites, from 2013 to 2014. Variables at the community (density, proximity and type) and the consumer (sectional location of FV; availability, quality, variety, price and advertising of FV and ultra-processed foods) nutrition environment were measured by direct observation, while aggregate data from users (income and FV consumption) were obtained by interview...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872300/estimating-enhanced-prevaccination-measles-transmission-hotspots-in-the-context-of-cross-scale-dynamics
#10
Alexander D Becker, Ruthie B Birger, Aude Teillant, Paul A Gastanaduy, Gregory S Wallace, Bryan T Grenfell
A key question in clarifying human-environment interactions is how dynamic complexity develops across integrative scales from molecular to population and global levels. Apart from its public health importance, measles is an excellent test bed for such an analysis. Simple mechanistic models have successfully illuminated measles dynamics at the city and country levels, revealing seasonal forcing of transmission as a major driver of long-term epidemic behavior. Seasonal forcing ties closely to patterns of school aggregation at the individual and community levels, but there are few explicit estimates of school transmission due to the relative lack of epidemic data at this scale...
November 21, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845157/strategic-and-integrated-planning-for-healthy-connected-cities-chattanooga-case-study
#11
Holly Elwell, Bianca Shulaker, Jasmin Rippon, Rick Wood
The United States is facing unprecedented health challenges - such as obesity and cardiovascular disease - many of which are related to a lack of or insufficient physical activity. Maintaining or creating parks and other public recreation facilities that promote physical activity is particularly important for combating these. This brief describes a strategic planning initiative, known as "Healthy, Connected Chattanooga." The City of Chattanooga, Tennessee, partnered with The Trust for Public Land, a national nonprofit organization, to analyze the city for physical activity opportunities and identify areas where interventions were of highest need...
November 11, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834166/prevalence-demographic-variation-and-psychological-correlates-of-exposure-to-police-victimisation-in-four-us-cities
#12
J E DeVylder, H Y Oh, B Nam, T L Sharpe, M Lehmann, B G Link
: Aims Victimisation by the police is purported to be widespread in cities in the USA, but there is limited data on police-public encounters from community samples. This is partly due to an absence of measures for assessing police violence exposure from the standpoint of civilians. As such, the demographic distribution and mental health correlates of police victimisation are poorly understood. The aims of this study were to present community-based prevalence estimates of positive policing and police victimisation based on assessment with two novel measures, and to test the hypotheses that (1) exposure to police victimisation would vary across demographic groups and (2) would be associated with depression and psychological distress...
November 11, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832112/how-do-qataris-source-health-information
#13
Sopna M Choudhury, Teresa Arora, Seham Alebbi, Lina Ahmed, Abdi Aden, Omar Omar, Shahrad Taheri
BACKGROUND: Qatar is experiencing rapid population expansion with increasing demands on healthcare services for both acute and chronic conditions. Sourcing accurate information about health conditions is crucial, yet the methods used for sourcing health information in Qatar are currently unknown. Gaining a better understanding of the sources the Qatari population use to recognize and manage health and/or disease will help to develop strategies to educate individuals about existing and emerging health problems...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829429/general-practitioners-perceptions-of-public-reporting-of-institution-and-individual-medicine-prescribing-data
#14
Xin Du, Xinping Zhang, Yuqing Tang
BACKGROUND: Public reporting of institution- and individual-level performance data has recently become a popular topic in the health care field. This study (1) evaluated the perceptions of general practitioners on the public reporting of institutional and individual medicine prescribing data in primary care institutions, and (2) compared the difference among the perceptions of general practitioners on the dimensions of necessity, methodological rigor, and impact of public reporting medicine prescribing data...
November 9, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828594/-rural-endemic-diseases-health-and-development-emmanuel-dias-and-the-construction-of-a-network-of-allies-against-chagas-disease
#15
Simone Petraglia Kropf
The scope of this article is to analyze the trajectory of Emmanuel Dias (1908-1962), a researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (OCI) and director of the Center for Studies and Prophylaxis of Chagas Disease (OCI outpost established in 1943 in the city of Bambuí, Minas Gerais), as a key actor in the acknowledgement of Chagas disease as a public health problem in Brazil and the Americas. It seeks to show that the conquest of this acknowledgement, the cornerstone of which was the staging of the first campaign to combat the disease in Brazil in 1950, was made possible by the intense political mobilization of Dias together with the various social groups, such as physicians, politicians and residents of rural areas, public health officials, governments and international organizations...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826826/integrated-monitoring-for-environmental-health-impact-assessment-related-to-the-genotoxic-effects-of-vehicular-pollution-in-uberl%C3%A3-ndia-brazil
#16
Boscolli Barbosa Pereira, Paolla Brandão da Cunha, Guilherme Gomes Silva, Edimar Olegário de Campos Júnior, Sandra Morelli, Cláudio Alves Vieira Filho, Euclides Antônio Pereira de Lima, Marcos Antônio Souza Barrozo
The development of parameters to explore the link between air-related diseases and their significant driving forces is an important aim in terms of national economics and public health. In this study, we did an integrated analysis involving multiple environmental health indicators from Uberlândia, Brazil, registered before and during a period when the Brazilian government reduced taxes on new cars in a bid to bolster local manufacturing. In addition, the present study utilized Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA) frameworks to evaluate correlations in environmental health indicators over 10 years (2004-2013), in which the Brazilian government reduced vehicle production taxes beginning in 2008...
November 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815276/genome-dynamics-and-molecular-infection-epidemiology-of-multi-drug-resistant-helicobacter-pullorum-isolates-obtained-from-broiler-and-country-chickens-in-india
#17
Shamsul Qumar, Mohammad Majid, Narender Kumar, Sumeet K Tiwari, Torsten Semmler, Savita Devi, Ramani Baddam, Arif Hussain, Sabiha Shaik, Niyaz Ahmed
: Some of the life-threatening, foodborne, and zoonotic infections are transmitted through poultry birds. Inappropriate and indiscriminate use of antimicrobials in livestock industry has led to increased prevalence of multidrug resistant bacteria of epidemic potentials. Herein, we present the functional molecular epidemiological analysis entailing phenotypic as well as whole genome sequence based characterization of eleven H. pullorum isolates from broiler and free range chickens sampled from retail wet markets of Hyderabad city in India...
November 4, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810759/microbial-quality-of-reclaimed-water-for-urban-reuses-probabilistic-risk-based-investigation-and-recommendations
#18
Gyan Chhipi-Shrestha, Kasun Hewage, Rehan Sadiq
Although Canada has abundant freshwater resources, many cities still experience seasonal water shortage. Supply-side and demand-side management is a core strategy to address this water shortage. Under this strategy, reclaimed water, which the Canadian public is willing to use for non-potable purposes, is an option. However, no universal guidelines exist for reclaimed water use. Despite the federal government's long-term goal to develop guidelines for many water reuse applications, guidelines have only been prescribed for reclaimed water use in toilet and urinal flushing in Canada...
October 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810680/the-association-of-lead-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-anthropometry-in-the-mexican-progress-cohort
#19
Stefano Renzetti, Allan C Just, Heather H Burris, Emily Oken, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Katherine Svensson, Adriana Mercado-García, Alejandra Cantoral, Lourdes Schnaas, Andrea A Baccarelli, Robert O Wright, Martha María Téllez-Rojo
Lead exposure during pregnancy remains a public health problem with potential lifelong impacts on children's growth and development. Mexico is unique in that stunting and obesity are both major public health concerns in children. This situation might be exacerbated by lead exposure which remains more common in Mexico than in the United States due in part to the use of lead glazed pottery in food preparation and storage. Our objective is to determine how lead exposure during pregnancy is associated with children's growth parameters, including height, weight, body mass index and percentage body fat measured between ages 4-6 years old in a Mexico City pregnancy cohort...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809456/life-and-health-satisfaction-in-adult-population-of-iran
#20
Rajabali Daroudi, Arash Rashidian, Hojjat Zeraati, Alireza Oliyaeemanesh, Ali Akbari Sari
Background: There is increasing interest in the use of subjective well-being (SWB) as a development indicator and for evaluation of public policies. The aim of this study was to assess life and health satisfaction and their determinants in the adult population of Iran. Methods: We conducted a survey on a sample of 3,150 adults, aged 18 and over, in Iran's capital (Tehran city). The subjects were selected using a stratified random sampling method, and were interviewed face-to-face at their usual residence by trained interviewers...
November 3, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
keyword
keyword
92552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"