keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public health AND developping cities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809867/-risk-perception-and-biological-parameters-related-to-obesity-in-a-sample-population-of-the-city-of-rome-italy-nurses-contribution-to-supporting-health-related-decisions
#1
Eduardo Mazza, Daniele I La Milia, Caterina Galletti, Stefano Gambioli, Umberto Moscato, Gianfranco Damiani, Patrizia Laurenti
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major public health problem because it is a risk factor for various chronic diseases and its incidence is constantly increasing due to changes in diet and lifestyle. In Italy, studies show that 32% of the population aged between 18 and 69 years is overweight and 10% is obese. The aim of this study was to measure the anthropometric characteristics of a sample population of the city of Rome (Italy) and correlate these with dietary habits and socio-demographic characteristics of participants in order to evaluate their specific health and educational needs...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807020/feasibility-study-of-strengthening-the-public-private-partnership-for-tuberculosis-case-detection-in-bandung-city-indonesia
#2
Bony Wiem Lestari, Nita Arisanti, Adiatma Y M Siregar, Estro Dariatno Sihaloho, Gelar Budiman, Philip C Hill, Bachti Alisjahbana, Susan McAllister
OBJECTIVE: Private practitioner's (PPs) collaboration for detection, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) is recommended by the World Health Organization and encouraged by the Indonesian National TB control programme. TB case management by PPs, however, are mostly not in line with current guidelines. Therefore, we developed an intervention package for PPs comprising of TB training, implementation of a mobile phone application for notification of TB cases and a 6-month regular follow-up with PPs...
August 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806098/social-media-monitoring-2016-zika-response-in-nyc
#3
Tamer Hadi, Jennifer MacGregor, Lauren Mann
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
August 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#4
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803437/geographic-variation-in-chinese-children-forced-vital-capacity-and-its-association-with-long-term-exposure-to-local-pm10-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#5
Hai-Jun Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Jie-Yun Song, Zhiqiang Wang, Jun Ma
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between Chinese children's forced vital capacity (FVC) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10). The FVC data of 71,763 children aged 7 to 18 was collected from 2010 Chinese National Survey on Students' Construction and Health (CNSSCH). The local annual average concentration of PM10, relative humidity, ambient temperature, and other air pollutant data of 30 cities was collected from China Meteorological Administration and Ministry of Environment Protection of China...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802826/human-leptospirosis-cases-in-palermo-italy-the-role-of-rodents-and-climate
#6
Maria Vitale, Stefano Agnello, Michele Chetta, Benedetta Amato, Giustina Vitale, Calogero Di Bella, Domenico Vicari, Vincenzo Di Marco Lo Presti
Many regions of the world are increasingly exposed to leptospirosis due to poverty, global warming and high urban density. Here, we report a molecular survey for pathogenic Leptospira spp. in rodents and two symptomatic human cases of leptospirosis in the city of Palermo, Italy. Four rodent species were captured in six areas of the city, and a molecular analysis for pathogenic Leptospira spp. on DNA from the kidney samples showed a different prevalence of leptospirosis in all the species of rodents. In addition, two human cases that occurred in May and October of 2009 in the city were also reported...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801000/palliative-care-development-in-ukraine
#7
Victoria Tymoshevska, Kseniya Shapoval-Deinega
There are approximately 1 million cancer patients in Ukraine and 90,000 cancer deaths a year, 35% of these are diagnosed in the late stage of disease. Ukraine has the most severe HIV epidemic in the region with more than 200,000 persons living with HIV/AIDS and 6000-10000 deaths annually. The morphine consumption rate is among the lowest in the. The first palliative care services were established in 1996 and the number has slowly increased with services provided in inpatient units, home and day care programs and by a range of health care providers...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800094/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-visits-to-the-dentist-to-receive-professionally-applied-topical-fluoride-in-a-developing-country
#8
Miriam Del Socorro Herrera, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, América Patricia Pontigo-Loyola, Rubén de la Rosa-Santillana, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Rogelio José Scougall-Vilchis, Sonia Márquez-Rodríguez, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and associated factors of visits to the dentist in the last year by Nicaraguan schoolchildren to receive professionally applied topical fluoride (PATF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed in children from public schools in the city of León, Nicaragua, were included. A series of socioeconomic, sociodemographic, and behavioural variables were collected through a questionnaire. The dependent variable was the visit to the dentist to receive professionally applied topical fluoride in the last year, which was dichotomised as (0) Did not receive PATF and (1) Yes received PATF...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799798/abstracts-from-dietetic-research-event-june-8-and-9-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
St John's, Newfoundland was the host city of the 2017 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2017 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts included: Clinical Research; Community-based Nutritional Care; Determinants of Food Choice; Dietary Intake; Dietetic Practice and Education; Food Security; Nutrition and Health Education; Nutritional Assessment and Therapy; Nutrition Attitudes; Nutrition Strategy Development Patient Services; Professional Development; Vulnerable Groups and their Nutritional Needs; and, Wellness and Public Health...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799159/-the-japanese-health-care-system-an-analysis-of-the-funding-and-reimbursement-system
#10
Alexis Rump, Oliver Schöffski
Objective The modern Japanese health care system was established during the Meiji period (1868-1912) using the example of Germany. In this paper, the funding and remuneration of health services and products in Japan are described. The focus lies on the mechanisms used to implement health policy goals and to control costs. Method Selective literature search. Results All permanent residents in Japan are enrolled in one of more than 3,000 compulsory health funds. Employees and public servants are covered through company or government-related health insurance schemes...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776418/the-kintun-program-for-families-with-dementia-from-novel-experiment-to-national-policy-innovative-practice
#11
Jean Gajardo, José M Aravena, Marilú Budinich, Alberto Larraín, Patricio Fuentes, Laura N Gitlin
The Kintun program is the first public health strategy specifically designed for dementia care in Chile. It was launched in 2013 in the city of Santiago with support from the National Service for the Elderly and the Municipality of Peñalolén. Using an interdisciplinary team, the program seeks to promote community integration and better support for persons with dementia and their caregivers. The multicomponent program includes: an activity-based day care center, training and education of family caregivers, home visits, and community outreach to increase dementia awareness...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774264/role-of-meteorological-conditions-in-reported-chickenpox-cases-in-wuhan-and-hong-kong-china
#12
Banghua Chen, Ayako Sumi, Lei Wang, Wang Zhou, Nobumichi Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Chickenpox is a common contagious disease that remains an important public health issue worldwide. Over 90% of unvaccinated individuals become infected, but infection occurs at different ages in different parts of the world. Many people have been infected by 20 to 30 years of age in China, and adults and pregnant women who become infected often develop severe infection. Furthermore, a mortality rate of 2-3 per 100,000 infected persons has been reported. In this study, we explore the temperature-dependent transition of patterns of reported chickenpox cases in two large subtropical climate cities, Wuhan and Hong Kong, China, to aid in the prediction of epidemics and preparation for the effects of climatic changes on epidemiology of chickenpox in China...
August 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768542/early-rigorous-control-interventions-can-largely-reduce-dengue-outbreak-magnitude-experience-from-chaozhou-china
#13
Tao Liu, Guanghu Zhu, Jianfeng He, Tie Song, Meng Zhang, Hualiang Lin, Jianpeng Xiao, Weilin Zeng, Xing Li, Zhihao Li, Runsheng Xie, Haojie Zhong, Xiaocheng Wu, Wenbiao Hu, Yonghui Zhang, Wenjun Ma
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a severe public heath challenge in south China. A dengue outbreak was reported in Chaozhou city, China in 2015. Intensified interventions were implemented by the government to control the epidemic. However, it is still unknown the degree to which intensified control measures reduced the size of the epidemics, and when should such measures be initiated to reduce the risk of large dengue outbreaks developing? METHODS: We selected Xiangqiao district as study setting because the majority of the indigenous cases (90...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764768/more-than-a-virus-a-qualitative-study-of-the-social-implications-of-hepatitis-b-infection-in-china
#14
J Wallace, M Pitts, C Liu, V Lin, B Hajarizadeh, J Richmond, S Locarnini
BACKGROUND: China has the largest absolute number of people living with hepatitis B with up to 300,000 people estimated to die each year from hepatitis B related diseases. Despite advances in immunisation, clinical management, and health policy, there is still a lack of accessible and affordable health care for people with hepatitis B. Through in-depth interviews, this study identifies the personal, social and economic impact of living with hepatitis B and considers the role of stigma and discrimination as barriers to effective clinical management of the disease...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763384/using-tracking-data-to-promote-environmental-public-health-through-regulatory-and-legislative-processes-in-new-york-city
#15
Wendy McKelvey, Jeffrey Blank, Iyad Kheirbek, Beth Torin
Legislation and regulation are powerful tools for decreasing health risks from environmental hazards. Legislation is enacted by an elected body, and regulations are issued by an agency in the executive branch delegated authority by the legislature to carry out enacted laws. The New York City (NYC) Environmental Public Health Tracking Program makes data and analytic findings available to policy makers to inform development of sound and effective environmental health legislation and regulation. Tracking data and associated science create awareness of environmental hazards and health impacts, guide strategies for mitigating hazards, and sustain support for effective law by documenting beneficial impacts on the environment and health...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761467/prevalence-of-intestinal-protozoa-infections-and-associated-risk-factors-among-schoolchildren-in-sanandaj-city-iran
#16
Pegah Bahmani, Afshin Maleki, Shahram Sadeghi, Behzad Shahmoradi, Esmaeil Ghahremani
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasites are still a serious public health problem in the world, especially in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of intestinal protozoa infections and associated risk factors among schoolchildren in Sanandaj City, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involving 400 schoolchildren was carried out in 2015. Each student was selected using systematic random sampling method. Questionnaire and observation were used to identify possible risk factors...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757577/schools-air-pollution-and-active-transportation-an-exploratory-spatial-analysis-of-calgary-canada
#17
Stefania Bertazzon, Rizwan Shahid
An exploratory spatial analysis investigates the location of schools in Calgary (Canada) in relation to air pollution and active transportation options. Air pollution exhibits marked spatial variation throughout the city, along with distinct spatial patterns in summer and winter; however, all school locations lie within low to moderate pollution levels. Conversely, the study shows that almost half of the schools lie in low walkability locations; likewise, transitability is low for 60% of schools, and only bikability is widespread, with 93% of schools in very bikable locations...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754017/development-and-validation-of-a-behavioural-index-for-adaptation-to-high-summer-temperatures-among-urban-dwellers
#18
Pierre Valois, Denis Talbot, Maxime Caron, Marie-Pier Carrier, Alexandre J S Morin, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Johann Jacob, Pierre Gosselin
One of the consequences of climate change is the growing number of extreme weather events, including heat waves, which have substantial impacts on the health of populations. From a public health standpoint, it is vital to ensure that people can adapt to high heat, particularly in cities where heat islands abound. Identifying indicators to include in a parsimonious index would help better differentiate individuals who adapt well to heat from those who do not adapt as well. This study aimed at developing and validating a summer heat adaptation index for residents of the 10 largest cities in the province of Québec, Canada...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753203/management-of-neuromuscular-diseases-and-spinal-muscular-atrophy-in-latin-america
#19
REVIEW
S Monges, A Rosa
Latin America (LA) has a population of ~645 million people distributed over 33 countries with marked political, cultural, and economic differences. In LA, patients with inherited neuromuscular diseases (NMD) often do not have access to specialized medical centres and many of them go undiagnosed. General management and care of spinal muscular dystrophy (SMA) patients in the region varies due to heterogeneous health care. An active generation of young clinical neurologists is being trained for the specialized care of SMA and other NM patients, both in the private and public sectors...
July 28, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737035/novel-wastewater-based-epidemiology-approach-based-on-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-assessing-population-exposure-to-tobacco-specific-toxicants-and-carcinogens
#20
Foon Yin Lai, Frederic Been, Adrian Covaci, Alexander van Nuijs
Tobacco smoking remains an important public health issue worldwide. Assessment of exposure to tobacco-related toxicants and carcinogens at the population level is thus an essential population health indicator. This can be achieved by wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE), which relies on the analysis of biomarkers in wastewater. However, required analytical methods for the simultaneous measurement of tobacco-related toxicants and carcinogens in wastewater are not available. In this study, a new analytical procedure was developed and validated to measure tobacco-related alkaloids, carcinogens and their metabolites in raw wastewater, including anabasine (ANABA), anatabine (ANATA), cotinine (COT), trans-3'-hydroxycotinine (COT-OH), N-nitrosoanabasine (NAB), N-nitrosoanatabine (NAT), N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN), 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), NNAL-N-β-glucuronide and NNAL-O-β-glucuronide...
July 24, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
keyword
keyword
92552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"