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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341869/a-report-of-the-24th-annual-congress-on-women-s-health-workshop-on-transforming-women-s-health-from-research-to-practice
#1
Jennifer L Plank-Bazinet, Annie Sampson, Susan G Kornstein, Gregory G Germino, Marjorie Robert-Guroff, Stephen E Gilman, Cora Lee Wetherington, Nakela Cook, Terri L Cornelison, Lisa Begg, Janine Austin Clayton
Sex and gender are critical contributors to overall health and disease, and considering both in research informs the development of prevention strategies and treatment interventions for both men and women. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Research on Women's Health sponsored a preconference workshop on this topic at the 24th Annual Women's Health Congress, which was held in Crystal City, VA, in April 2016. The workshop featured presentations by NIH intramural and extramural scientists who presented data on a variety of topics including polycystic kidney disease, vaccine protection, depression, drug addiction, and cardiovascular disease...
January 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330643/antihypertensive-medication-and-dementia-risk-in-older-adult-african-americans-with-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Michael D Murray, Hugh C Hendrie, Kathleen A Lane, Mengjie Zheng, Roberta Ambuehl, Shanshan Li, Frederick W Unverzagt, Christopher M Callahan, Sujuan Gao
BACKGROUND: African Americans are especially at risk of hypertension and dementia. Antihypertensive medications reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, but may also reduce the risk of dementia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the longitudinal effects of antihypertensive medications and blood pressure on the onset of incident dementia in a cohort of African Americans. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: 1236 community-dwelling patients from an inner-city public health care system, aged 65 years and older, with a history of hypertension but no history of dementia, and who had at least three primary care visits and a prescription filled for any medication...
January 12, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329966/-overview-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-in-brazzaville-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#3
E L P Bemba, A R Ouedraogo, G C Ngouoni, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville...
January 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320939/new-york-state-s-cosh-movement-a-brief-history
#4
Michael Lax
Unions, health and safety activists, and professionals came together to create Coalitions for Occupational Safety and Health (COSH groups) in a number of cities across the United States beginning in the 1970s. The COSHes have played an important and unique role in advocating worker health and safety since that time, through activities including technical assistance, training and education, and campaigns on workplace and public policies. In New York State, activist coalitions created eight COSH groups distributed around the state...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317420/perceptions-of-the-uses-of-routine-general-practice-data-beyond-individual-care-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#5
David Wyatt, Jenny Cook, Christopher McKevitt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how different lay and professional groups perceive and understand the use of routinely collected general practice patient data for research, public health, service evaluation and commissioning. DESIGN, METHOD, PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We conducted a multimethod, qualitative study. This entailed participant observation of the design and delivery of a series of deliberative engagement events about a local patient database made of routine primary care data...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305241/a-scoping-review-of-the-implementation-of-health-in-all-policies-at-the-local-level
#6
REVIEW
Maria Guglielmin, Carles Muntaner, Patricia O'Campo, Ketan Shankardass
OBJECTIVES: Health in All Policies (HiAP) is an approach to public policies across sectors that systematically takes into account the health implication of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts in order to improve population health and health equity. HiAP implementation can involve engagement from multiple levels of government; however, factors contributing or hindering HiAP implementation at the local level are largely unexplored. Local is defined as the city or municipal level, wherein government is uniquely positioned to provide leadership for health and where many social determinants of health operate...
December 20, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304993/effect-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-in-26-of-china-s-largest-cities
#7
Hui Liu, Yaohua Tian, Jing Song, Yaying Cao, Xiao Xiang, Chao Huang, Man Li, Yonghua Hu
There is growing interest in the association between ambient air pollution and congestive heart failure (CHF), but research data from developing countries are very limited. The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between short-term exposure to air pollution and hospital admission for CHF in China. A time-stratified case-crossover study was conducted between 2014 and 2015 in 26 large Chinese cities among 105,501 CHF hospitalizations. Conditional logistic regression models were applied to estimate the percentage changes in CHF admissions in relation to per interquartile range increases in air pollutant concentrations...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294791/mentoring-pediatric-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-reduces-recidivism
#8
Angela Lumba-Brown, Margie Batek, Pamela Choi, Martin Keller, Robert Kennedy
Pediatric interpersonal violence is a public health crisis resulting in morbidity and mortality and recidivism. St. Louis City and surrounding areas have the highest rates of youth interpersonal violence nationally. St. Louis Children's Hospital (SLCH) Social Work in conjunction with Pediatric Emergency Medicine established a novel emergency department (ED)-initiated program to determine whether co-location of services followed by outpatient mentoring reduced the rate of morbidity, mortality, and recidivism in youths experiencing interpersonal violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288928/influences-of-socioeconomic-vulnerability-and-intra-urban-air-pollution-exposure-on-short-term-mortality-during-extreme-dust-events
#9
Hung Chak Ho, Man Sing Wong, Lin Yang, Ta-Chien Chan, Muhammad Bilal
Air pollution has been shown to be significantly associated with morbidity and mortality in urban areas, but there is lack of studies focused on extreme pollution events such as extreme dust episodes in high-density Asian cities. However, such cities have had extreme climate episodes that could have adverse health implications for downwind areas. More importantly, few studies have comprehensively investigated the mortality risks of extreme dust events for socioeconomically vulnerable populations. This paper examined the association between air pollutants and mortality risk in Hong Kong from 2006 to 2010, with a case-crossover analysis, to determine the elevated risk after an extreme dust event in a high-density city...
December 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288407/the-effect-of-the-removal-of-user-fees-for-delivery-at-public-health-facilities-on-institutional-delivery-in-urban-kenya
#10
Lisa M Calhoun, Ilene S Speizer, David Guilkey, Elizabeth Bukusi
Objectives In 2013, Kenya removed delivery fees at public health facilities in an effort to promote equity in access to health services and address high maternal mortality. This study determines the effect of the policy to remove user fees on institutional delivery in a population-based sample of women from urban Kenya. Methods Longitudinal data were collected from a representative sample of 8500 women from five cities in Kenya in 2010 with a follow-up interview in 2014 (response rate 58.9%). Respondents were asked about their most recent birth since 2008 at baseline and 2012 at endline, including the delivery location...
December 29, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275338/rationale-and-design-of-the-violence-injury-and-trauma-observatory-vito-the-cape-town-vito-pilot-studies-protocol
#11
Ardil Jabar, Tolu Oni, Mark E Engel, Nemanja Cvetkovic, Richard Matzopoulos
The establishment of violence and injury observatories elsewhere has been found to reduce the burden within a relatively short period. Currently no integrated system exists in South Africa to provide collated data on violence, to allow for targeted interventions and routine monitoring and evaluation.This research seeks to identify if bringing multiple data sources, including but not limited to data from the South African Police Service (SAPS), Forensic Pathology Services (FPS), Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and local hospital clinical databases, together are (1) feasible; (2) able to generate data for action, that is valid, reliable and robust and (3) able to lead to interventions...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260013/popular-stroke-knowledge-in-brazil-a-multicenter-survey-during-world-stroke-day
#12
Ana Beatriz Ayroza Galvão Ribeiro Gomes, Mauro Henrique, Vinicius Andreoli Schoeps, Mariana Monteiro Saldanha Altenfelder Santos, Ada Pellegrinelli, Bárbara Pessoa de Matos, Gabriel Taricani Kubota, Haniel Alves Araújo, Letícia Sant' Ana Cardoso da Silva, Fabrício de Paula Leite Battisti, Bruno Yukio Kubota, Areta Cavalcanti Ferreira, Mateus Paquesse Pellegrino, Renata de Andrade Prado, Ronaldo Abrahm, Vivian Dias Baptista Gagliardi, Marcel Simis, Rubens José Gagliardi
Context and objective: Cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important causes of death and disability worldwide. The patient's inability to identify the warning signs of stroke substantially delays the search for emergency services, which is related directly to a worse outcome. Thus, during the 2011 Stroke Campaign in Brazil, a survey was conducted to identify the lay population's knowledge with regard to the recognition, treatment, and prevention of stroke. Design and setting: This retrospective, cross-sectional, multicenter study was held in cities throughout southeastern Brazil...
March 2017: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258776/waste-disposal-and-households-heterogeneity-identifying-factors-shaping-attitudes-towards-source-separated-recycling-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#13
Alcides J Padilla, Juan C Trujillo
Solid waste management in many cities of developing countries is not environmentally sustainable. People traditionally dispose of their solid waste in unsuitable urban areas like sidewalks and satellite dumpsites. This situation nowadays has become a serious public health problem in big Latin American conurbations. Among these densely-populated urban spaces, the Colombia's capital and main city stands out as a special case. In this study, we aim to identify the factors that shape the attitudes towards source-separated recycling among households in Bogotá...
December 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251537/public-health-and-law-enforcement-joint-investigation-of-unknown-suspicious-substances-and-potential-threat-evaluations-minnesota-2007-2016
#14
Tory V Whitten, Maureen M Sullivan, Stefan Saravia, Jayne Griffith, Joni M Scheftel, Richard N Danila
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. Typically, National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. This month's column features a submission from a state health department that describes their experience in investigating white powder incidents. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations...
November 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249609/lessons-from-the-domestic-ebola-response-improving-health-care-system-resilience-to-high-consequence-infectious-diseases
#15
Diane Meyer, Tara Kirk Sell, Monica Schoch-Spana, Matthew P Shearer, Hannah Chandler, Erin Thomas, Dale A Rose, Eric G Carbone, Eric Toner
BACKGROUND: The domestic response to the West Africa Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic from 2014-2016 provides a unique opportunity to distill lessons learned about health sector planning and operations from those individuals directly involved. This research project aimed to identify and integrate these lessons into an actionable checklist that can improve health sector resilience to future high-consequence infectious disease (HCID) events. METHODS: Interviews (N = 73) were completed with individuals involved in the domestic EVD response in 4 cities (Atlanta, Dallas, New York, and Omaha), and included individuals who worked in academia, emergency management, government, health care, law, media, and public health during the response...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#16
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239559/spatio-temporal-outbreaks-of-campylobacteriosis-and-the-role-of-fresh-milk-vending-machines-in-the-czech-republic-a-methodological-study
#17
Lukáš Marek, Vít Pászto
Inspired by local outbreaks of campylobacteriosis in the Czech Republic in 2010 linked to the debate about alleged health risks of the raw milk consumption, a detailed study was carried out. Firstly, scanning was utilised to identify spatio-temporal clusters of the disease from 2008 to 2012. Then a spatial method (geographical profiling originally developed for criminology) served as assessment in selecting fresh-milk vending machines that could have contributed to some of the local campylobacteriosis outbreaks...
November 8, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238328/impact-of-aerosol-dust-on-xmap-multiplex-detection-of-different-class-pathogens
#18
Denis A Kleymenov, Vladimir A Gushchin, Alexander L Gintsburg, Artem P Tkachuk
Environmental or city-scale bioaerosol surveillance can provide additional value for biodefense and public health. Efficient bioaerosol monitoring should rely on multiplex systems capable of detecting a wide range of biologically hazardous components potentially present in air (bacteria, viruses, toxins and allergens). xMAP technology from LuminexTM allows multiplex bead-based detection of antigens or nucleic acids, but its use for simultaneous detection of different classes of pathogens (bacteria, virus, toxin) is questionable...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234394/predictors-of-traditional-medical-practices-in-illness-behavior-in-northwestern-ethiopia-an-integrated-model-of-behavioral-prediction-based-logistic-regression-analysis
#19
Abenezer Yared
This study aimed at investigating traditional medical beliefs and practices in illness behavior as well as predictors of the practices in Gondar city, northwestern Ethiopia, by using the integrated model of behavioral prediction. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted to collect data through interviewer administered structured questionnaires from 496 individuals selected by probability proportional to size sampling technique. Unadjusted bivariate and adjusted multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, and the results indicated that sociocultural predictors of normative response and attitude as well as psychosocial individual difference variables of traditional understanding of illness causation and perceived efficacy had statistically significant associations with traditional medical practices...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224220/why-and-how-schools-make-nutrition-education-programs-work
#20
Kathleen J Porter, Pamela A Koch, Isobel R Contento
BACKGROUND: There are many potential health benefits to having nutrition education programs offered by expert outside sources in schools. However, little is known about why and how schools initiate, implement, and institutionalize them. Gaining this understanding may allow the impact and reach of nutrition and other health education programs in schools to be extended. METHODS: A total of 22 school community members from 21 purposefully selected New York City public elementary schools were interviewed using a semistructured interview protocol about their schools' experiences initiating, implementing, and institutionalizing nutrition education programs...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
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