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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729711/an-ecological-and-digital-epidemiology-analysis-on-the-role-of-human-behavior-on-the-2014-chikungunya-outbreak-in-martinique
#1
Benjamin Roche, Béatrice Gaillard, Lucas Léger, Renélise Pélagie-Moutenda, Thomas Sochacki, Bernard Cazelles, Martine Ledrans, Alain Blateau, Didier Fontenille, Manuel Etienne, Frédéric Simard, Marcel Salathé, André Yébakima
Understanding the spatio-temporal dynamics of endemic infections is of critical importance for a deeper understanding of pathogen transmission, and for the design of more efficient public health strategies. However, very few studies in this domain have focused on emerging infections, generating a gap of knowledge that hampers epidemiological response planning. Here, we analyze the case of a Chikungunya outbreak that occurred in Martinique in 2014. Using time series estimates from a network of sentinel practitioners covering the entire island, we first analyze the spatio-temporal dynamics and show that the largest city has served as the epicenter of this epidemic...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728787/prenatal-co-exposure-to-manganese-and-depression-and-24-months-neurodevelopment
#2
Teresa Verenice Muñoz Rocha, Marcela Tamayo Y Ortiz, Martín Romero, Ivan Pantic, Lourdes Schnaas, David Bellinger, Birgit Claus Henn, Rosalind Wright, Robert O Wright, Mara Téllez-Rojo
BACKGROUND: Normal prenatal neurodevelopment follows stages that are potentially influenced by both chemical and psychosocial environments. Exposure to elevated manganese during this critically vulnerable period has been found to be neurotoxic. Independently, maternal prenatal depression has been associated with subsequent neurodevelopmental decrements in children. The association between child neurodevelopment and prenatal co-exposure to manganese and maternal depression has not been sufficiently studied...
July 17, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724411/a-qualitative-study-exploring-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-community-pharmacists-about-extended-pharmacy-services-in-lahore-pakistan
#3
Furqan K Hashmi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Adnan Khalid, Fahad Saleem, Hisham Aljadhey, Zaheer Ud Din Babar, Mohammad Bashaar
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, community pharmacies reported a change of business model, whereby a shift from traditional services to the provision of extended roles was observed. However, such delivery of extended pharmacy services (EPS) is reported from the developed world, and there is scarcity of information from the developing nations. Within this context, the present study was aimed to explore knowledge, perception and attitude of community pharmacists (CPs) about EPS and their readiness and acceptance for practice change in the city of Lahore, Pakistan...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720270/cancer-through-black-eyes-the-views-of-uk-based-black-men-towards-cancer-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#4
Betselot Mulugeta, Susan Williamson, Rob Monks, Thomas Hack, Kinta Beaver
PURPOSE: Little is known about black African (BA) and black African-Caribbean (BAC) men's views towards cancer; yet culture and acculturation can contribute to the way in which people understand, explain and develop their attitudes towards cancer. Hence, cancer prevention and early detection strategies may not be sensitive to United Kingdom (UK)-based black men's views, affecting their awareness of risk factors and early detection services. This study explored the views of UK-based BA and BAC men towards cancer...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719659/dengue-prediction-by-the-web-tweets-are-a-useful-tool-for-estimating-and-forecasting-dengue-at-country-and-city-level
#5
Cecilia de Almeida Marques-Toledo, Carolin Marlen Degener, Livia Vinhal, Giovanini Coelho, Wagner Meira, Claudia Torres Codeço, Mauro Martins Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases are a leading threat to public health. Accurate and timely monitoring of disease risk and progress can reduce their impact. Mentioning a disease in social networks is correlated with physician visits by patients, and can be used to estimate disease activity. Dengue is the fastest growing mosquito-borne viral disease, with an estimated annual incidence of 390 million infections, of which 96 million manifest clinically. Dengue burden is likely to increase in the future owing to trends toward increased urbanization, scarce water supplies and, possibly, environmental change...
July 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713591/the-effect-of-partnership-care-model-on-mental-health-of-patients-with-thalassemia-major
#6
Afzal Shamsi, Fardin Amiri, Abbas Ebadi, Musab Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia major has become a public health problem worldwide, particularly in developing and poor countries, while the role of educating the family and community has not been considered enough in patients' care. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the impact of partnership care model on mental health of patients with beta-thalassemia major. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study, with pretest and posttest design, was performed on patients with beta-thalassemia major in Jiroft city...
2017: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712355/using-digital-media-advertising-in-early-psychosis-intervention
#7
Michael L Birnbaum, Chantel Garrett, Amit Baumel, Maria Scovel, Asra F Rizvi, Whitney Muscat, John M Kane
OBJECTIVE: Identifying and engaging youth with early-stage psychotic disorders in order to facilitate timely treatment initiation remains a major public health challenge. Although advertisers routinely use the Internet to directly target consumers, limited efforts have focused on applying available technology to proactively encourage help-seeking in the mental health community. This study explores how one might take advantage of Google AdWords in order to reach prospective patients with early psychosis...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699119/deposited-atmospheric-dust-as-influenced-by-anthropogenic-emissions-in-northern-china
#8
Yanli Lyu, Lianyou Liu, Lanlan Guo, Yanyan Yang, Zhiqiang Qu, Xia Hu, Guoming Zhang
Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) from multinatural and anthropogenic sources poses serious risk to human health and contaminates soil and water resources as it settles back to ground environment and ecosystem. In this study, dust deposition flux (DDF), pollution load index (PLI) of heavy metals, enrichment factor (EF), and settling flux (SF) of eighteen chemical elements were investigated in comparison with crustal composition to assess the influence of anthropogenic emission on PM in major northern Chinese cities...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697372/history-politics-and-vulnerability-explaining-excess-mortality-in-scotland-and-glasgow
#9
D Walsh, G McCartney, C Collins, M Taulbut, G David Batty
OBJECTIVES: High levels of excess mortality (i.e. that not explained by deprivation) have been observed for Scotland compared with England & Wales, and especially for Glasgow in comparison with similar post-industrial cities such as Liverpool and Manchester. Many potential explanations have been suggested. Based on an assessment of these, the aim was to develop an understanding of the most likely underlying causes. Note that this paper distils a larger research report, with the aim of reaching wider audiences beyond Scotland, as the important lessons learnt are relevant to other populations...
July 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693094/-review-on-the-evaluation-research-of-the-effects-of-smoke-free-legislations-on-cardiovascular-diseases
#10
Y Liu, G H Yang, X Wan
A substantial amount of data suggested that exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) could cause cardiovascular diseases and acute coronary events in nonsmoking adults. In order to protect the public from SHS, more and more countries and regions across the world have enacted and implemented smoke-free legislations. Developed countries, such as USA, Canada, the Great Britain, Ireland, Italy and Spain, have carried out many studies to analyze the effects of smoke-free legislations on the hospital admission, incidence and mortality of cardiovascular diseases with the purpose of confirming the health benefits of the smoking ban and promoting the conduct of the ban...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692400/developing-syndromic-surveillance-to-monitor-and-respond-to-adverse-health-events-related-to-psychoactive-substance-use-methods-and-applications
#11
Michelle L Nolan, Hillary V Kunins, Ramona Lall, Denise Paone
INTRODUCTION: Recent increases in drug overdose deaths, both in New York City and nationally, highlight the need for timely data on psychoactive drug-related morbidity. We developed drug syndrome definitions for syndromic surveillance to monitor drug-related emergency department (ED) visits in real time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 2012 archived syndromic surveillance data from New York City hospitals to develop definitions for psychoactive drug-related syndromes...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691594/an-analytical-hierarchy-process-based-study-on-the-factors-affecting-legislation-on-plastic-bags-in-the-usa
#12
Zhongguo Li, Fu Zhao
Annually, a large number of used plastic shopping bags are released into the environment, posing significant threats to public health and wildlife. Owing to these concerns, many local, regional, and national governments around the world have passed legislation to ban or restrict the use of plastic shopping bags. However, in the USA there are only 18 states that have approved plastic bag bans/fees, and even within these states these regulations do not cover all cities or counties. There are many factors that could affect the development and implementation of these regulations...
July 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680047/temporal-variation-in-associations-between-temperature-and-years-of-life-lost-in-a-southern-china-city-with-typical-subtropical-climate
#13
Guoxing Li, Jing Huang, Guozhang Xu, Xiaochuan Pan, Xujun Qian, Jiaying Xu, Yan Zhao, Tao Zhang, Qichen Liu, Xinbiao Guo, Tianfeng He
Though some studies have explored the association between temperature and years of life lost (YLL), limited evidence is available regarding the effect of temporal variation on the temperature-YLL relationship, especially in developing countries. We explored temporal variation in the associations between temperature and YLL before and after 2013 heat waves (period I: Jan 2008 to Sep 2013, period II: Oct 2013 to Dec 2015) in Ningbo, a southern China city with typical subtropical climate. The heat associations showed an increasing trend...
July 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664686/knowledge-of-parents-from-urban-and-rural-areas-vs-prevention-methods-of-hearing-loss-threats-seen-as-challenges-for-public-health
#14
Maria Danuta Głowacka, Piotr Świdziński, Anna Frankowska, Beata Bajurna, Jerzy Marcinkowski, Ewa Mojs
[b]Introduction.[/b] Parents as day-to-day caregivers looking after their children's health and upbringing are crucial in the process of hearing loss prevention among the young. The aim of the study was to assess the parents' knowledge and awareness of hazards bringing about hearing loss, possibilities to prevent this, as well as their reaction in the case of problems of their children with hearing. [b]Material and methods. [/b]The research group comprised respondents (402 persons), medical or paramedical professionals...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659477/west-nile-virus-ns1-antagonizes-interferon-%C3%AE-production-by-targeting-rig-i-and-mda5
#15
Hong-Lei Zhang, Han-Qing Ye, Si-Qing Liu, Cheng-Lin Deng, Xiao-Dan Li, Pei-Yong Shi, Bo Zhang
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes epidemics of encephalitis and viscerotropic disease worldwide. This virus has spread rapidly and has posed significant a public health threat since the outbreak in New York City in 1999. The interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral response represents an important component of virus-host interactions and plays an essential role in regulating viral replication. Previous studies have suggested that multifunctional non-structural proteins encoded by flaviviruses antagonize the host IFN response via various means in order to establish efficient viral replication...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656541/prevalence-and-correlates-of-smoking-among-low-income-adults-residing-in-new-york-city-public-housing-developments-2015
#16
A Feinberg, P M Lopez, K Wyka, N Islam, L Seidl, E Drackett, A Mata, J Pinzon, M R Baker, J Lopez, C Trinh-Shevrin, D Shelley, Z Bailey, K A Maybank, L E Thorpe
To guide targeted cessation and prevention programming, this study assessed smoking prevalence and described sociodemographic, health, and healthcare use characteristics of adult smokers in public housing. Self-reported data were analyzed from a random sample of 1664 residents aged 35 and older in ten New York City public housing developments in East/Central Harlem. Smoking prevalence was 20.8%. Weighted log-binomial models identified to be having Medicaid, not having a personal doctor, and using health clinics for routine care were positively associated with smoking...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654881/association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-hospitalization-for-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-stroke-in-china-a-multicity-case-crossover-study
#17
Hui Liu, Yaohua Tian, Yan Xu, Zhe Huang, Chao Huang, Yonghua Hu, Jun Zhang
There is growing interest in the association between ambient air pollution and stroke, but few studies have investigated the association in developing countries. The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between levels of ambient air pollutants and hospital admission for stroke in China. A time-stratified case-crossover analysis was conducted between 2014 and 2015 in 14 large Chinese cities among 200,958 ischemic stroke and 41,746 hemorrhagic stroke hospitalizations. We used conditional logistic regression to estimate the percentage changes in stroke admissions in relation to interquartile range increases in air pollutants...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651244/the-health-policy-implications-of-individual-adaptive-behavior-responses-to-smog-pollution-in-urban-china
#18
Jie Ban, Lian Zhou, Yi Zhang, G Brooke Anderson, Tiantian Li
Smog pollution is a serious public health issue in urban China, where it is associated with public health through a range of respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. Despite the negative health impacts of smog pollution, individual adaptive behaviors are poorly understood. This knowledge gap hinders the development of effective public policy to support and encourage the adoption of individual adaptive and mitigating behaviors to smog pollution. A questionnaire survey of 1141 randomly sampled individuals in a typical PM2...
June 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651166/air-quality-inside-subway-metro-indoor-environment-worldwide-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Bin Xu, Jinliang Hao
The air quality in the subway metro indoor microenvironment has been of particular public concern. With specific reference to the growing demand of green transportation and sustainable development, subway metro systems have been rapidly developed worldwide in last decades. The number of metro commuters has continuously increased over recent years in metropolitan cities. In some cities, metro system has become the primary public transportation mode. Although commuters typically spend only 30-40min in metros, the air pollutants emitted from various interior components of metro system as well as air pollutants carried by ventilation supply air are significant sources of harmful air pollutants that could lead to unhealthy human exposure...
June 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650216/brachylaimiasis-brachylaima-spp-digenea-brachylaimidae-metacercariae-parasitizing-the-edible-snail-cornu-aspersum-helicidae-in-spanish-public-marketplaces-and-health-associated-risk-factors
#20
Mercedes Gracenea, Laia Gállego
The edible land snail Cornu aspersum (Pulmonata: Stylommatophora) acts as a second intermediate host in the terrestrial life-cycle of the trematodes Brachylaima spp., harboring unencysted metacercariae in its kidney. The ingestion of undercooked infected snails by humans may allow metacercariae to potentially develop to adult stage in the intestine causing brachylaimiasis, as already seen in the case of a given Brachylaima species in Australia. Prevalence and dynamics of C. aspersum parasitization by Brachylaima spp...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
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