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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141680/applying-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-improve-access-to-healthcare-for-eritrean-asylum-seekers-in-israel-a-pilot-study
#1
Nora Gottlieb, Tomer Weinstein, Jonah Mink, Habtom M Ghebrezghiabher, Zebib Sultan, Rachel Reichlin
BACKGROUND: Israel hosts approximately 50,000 asylum seekers, most of them from Eritrea. Exclusive policies restrict their access to healthcare. In 2013, local activists partnered with Eritrean asylum seekers to assess health needs as well as willingness to pay for health insurance among the Eritrean communities. This initiative was meant as a step towards jointly advocating access to Israel's public healthcare system and towards strengthening collective efficacy among the asylum-seeking communities, as well as a first attempt to apply a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to migrant health research in Israel...
November 15, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122043/physical-activity-promotion-by-health-practitioners-a-distance-learning-training-component-to-improve-knowledge-and-counseling
#2
Alex A Florindo, Douglas R Andrade, Paulo H Guerra, Jorge Mota, Diane Crone, Ana C C N Mafra, Mario M Bracco
Aim To report an evaluation of health professionals' participation in a distance-learning physical activity training course developed in a low socio-economic region of São Paulo city, Brazil. BACKGROUND: In countries with public universal health systems, physical activity promotion in primary health care settings can reap results, particularly given that such interventions have the potential to reach a large percentage of the population. However, few studies proposed physical activity training for health professionals in low- and middle-income countries...
November 10, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117226/sexual-assault-incidents-among-college-undergraduates-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-risk
#3
Claude A Mellins, Kate Walsh, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie Wall, Louisa Gilbert, John S Santelli, Martie Thompson, Patrick A Wilson, Shamus Khan, Stephanie Benson, Karimata Bah, Kathy A Kaufman, Leigh Reardon, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual assault on college campuses is a public health issue. However varying research methodologies (e.g., different sexual assault definitions, measures, assessment timeframes) and low response rates hamper efforts to define the scope of the problem. To illuminate the complexity of campus sexual assault, we collected survey data from a large population-based random sample of undergraduate students from Columbia University and Barnard College in New York City, using evidence based methods to maximize response rates and sample representativeness, and behaviorally specific measures of sexual assault to accurately capture victimization rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108078/-big-data-and-public-health-results-of-the-working-group-1-of-the-forum-future-public-health-berlin-2016
#4
Susanne Moebus, Joseph Kuhn, Wolfgang Hoffmann
Big Data is a diffuse term, which can be described as an approach to linking gigantic and often unstructured data sets. Big Data is used in many corporate areas. For Public Health (PH), however, Big Data is not a well-developed topic. In this article, Big Data is explained according to the intention of use, information efficiency, prediction and clustering. Using the example of application in science, patient care, equal opportunities and smart cities, typical challenges and open questions of Big Data for PH are outlined...
November 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099850/determinants-of-severe-anemia-among-laboring-mothers-in-mekelle-city-public-hospitals-tigray-region-ethiopia
#5
Yirga Ebuy, Mussie Alemayehu, Mengistu Mitiku, Gelila K Goba
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a global public health problem that has affected a significant number of pregnant mothers worldwide. The World Health Organization has estimated the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women at 18% and 56% in developed and developing countries, respectively. This study aimed to identify factors associated with severe anemia among laboring women in Mekelle city public hospitals, Tigray, Ethiopia. METHODS: This unmatched case-control study involved 264 (88 = cases and 176 = controls) pregnant women who were recruited when they came for delivery service in Mekelle city public hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095809/progress-in-childhood-vaccination-data-in-immunization-information-systems-united-states-2013-2016
#6
Neil Murthy, Loren Rodgers, Laura Pabst, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Terence Ng
In 2016, 55 jurisdictions in 49 states and six cities in the United States* used immunization information systems (IISs) to collect and manage immunization data and support vaccination providers and immunization programs. To monitor progress toward achieving IIS program goals, CDC surveys jurisdictions through an annual self-administered IIS Annual Report (IISAR). Data from the 2013-2016 IISARs were analyzed to assess progress made in four priority areas: 1) data completeness, 2) bidirectional exchange of data with electronic health record systems, 3) clinical decision support for immunizations, and 4) ability to generate childhood vaccination coverage estimates...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084121/promoting-health-department-opioid-prescribing-guidelines-for-new-york-city-emergency-departments-a-qualitative-evaluation
#7
Frederick W Nagel, Jessica A Kattan, Shivani Mantha, Lewis S Nelson, Hillary V Kunins, Denise Paone
To address the epidemic of opioid misuse and overdose, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene partnered with an expert panel of emergency medicine physicians to develop voluntary guidelines for judicious prescribing of opioids upon discharge from an emergency department. A qualitative evaluation of the guidelines was conducted using semistructured interviews with emergency department directors and providers. The guidelines were widely supported by respondents and cited as helpful in easing difficult negotiations with patients requesting opioids...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082817/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-ptsd-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-haitian-migrants-in-southern-brazil
#8
Alice E Brunnet, Laura T Bolaséll, João LA Weber, Christian H Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of mental health disorders in migrants are controversial. The socio-historical and economic background of the host country may play an important role in the mental health status of migrants. As studies are mostly conducted in developed countries, researching migration in developing countries may add important information to scientific literature. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression symptoms in Haitian migrants in southern Brazil...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080954/microbiological-risk-infection-assessment-using-qmra-in-agriculture-systems-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-west-africa
#9
Parfait K Kouamé, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Kouassi Dongo, Christian Zurbrügg, Jean Biémi, Bassirou Bonfoh
Poor wastewater management that results from a lack of appropriate sanitation infrastructure contributes to increasing health risks in urban areas in Côte d'Ivoire. We assessed the health risks associated with the use of wastewater for watering salad destined for human consumption, to help local authorities in developing appropriate risk mitigation measures for Yamoussoukro, the political capital of Côte d'Ivoire. We applied a stochastic approach based on quantitative microbiological risk assessment (QMRA), focusing on wastewater for farming activities and salad consumption at the household level...
October 28, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069137/use-of-performance-indicators-to-assess-the-solid-waste-management-of-health-services
#10
Mayara C Assis, Vanielle A P Gomes, Wagner C Balista, Rodrigo R DE Freitas
Modern society faces serious challenges, among them, the complexity of environmental problems. Thus, there are several possible sources of environmental degradation, however, the waste produced by health services have an important peculiarity due to its toxic or pathogenic characteristics, since when managed improperly provide also health risk public. The involvement of solid waste from healthcare services environmental impact integrates matters a little more complex, because in addition to environmental health, they also interfere with the healthiness of environments that generate, with the consequences of nosocomial infections, occupational health and public...
October 23, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067067/an-analysis-of-3105-medico-legal-cases-at-tertiary-care-hospital-rawalpindi
#11
Romana Malik, Iffat Atif, Farah Rashid, Maqbool Abbas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medico legal cases are essential component of medical practice and comprise most important constituent of emergencies. The reporting of such cases is imperative to recognize theirsocioeconomic burden on any country. The present study was conducted to scrutinize different categories of medico legal cases and characteristics of the victims at casualty department oftertiary care hospital Rawalpindi. The objective of the study was to find out the frequency ofvarious categories of medico legal cases and major characteristics ofvictims at tertiary care hospital, Rawalpindi...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065863/obesity-and-socioeconomic-disadvantage-in-midlife-female-public-sector-employees-a-cohort-study
#12
Aapo Hiilamo, Tea Lallukka, Minna Mänty, Anne Kouvonen
BACKGROUND: The two-way relationship between obesity and socioeconomic disadvantage is well established but previous studies on social and economic consequences of obesity have primarily focused on relatively young study populations. We examined whether obesity is associated with socioeconomic disadvantage through the 10-12-year follow-up, and how obesity-related socioeconomic inequalities develop during midlife among women. METHODS: Baseline data were derived from the female population of the Helsinki Health Study cohort, comprising 40-60 -year-old employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland in 2000-2002 (n = 6913, response rate 69%)...
October 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063156/-a-spatially-explicit-analysis-of-traffic-accidents-involving-pedestrians-and-cyclists-in-berlin
#13
REVIEW
Tobia Lakes
BACKGROUND: In many German cities and counties, sustainable mobility concepts that strengthen pedestrian and cyclist traffic are promoted. From the perspectives of urban development, traffic planning and public healthcare, a spatially differentiated analysis of traffic accident data is decisive. OBJECTIVES: 1) The identification of spatial and temporal patterns of the distribution of accidents involving cyclists and pedestrians, 2) the identification of hotspots and exploration of possible underlying causes and 3) the critical discussion of benefits and challenges of the results and the derivation of conclusions...
October 23, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061141/a-multi-stakeholder-evaluation-of-the-baltimore-city-virtual-supermarket-program
#14
Pooja Lagisetty, Laura Flamm, Summer Rak, Jessica Landgraf, Michele Heisler, Jane Forman
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to healthy foods and beverages in disadvantaged communities is a public health priority due to alarmingly high rates of obesity. The Virtual Supermarket Program (VSP) is a Baltimore City Health Department program that uses online grocery ordering to deliver food to low-income neighborhoods. This study evaluates stakeholder preferences and barriers of program implementation. METHODS: This study assessed the feasibility, sustainability and efficacy of the VSP by surveying 93 customers and interviewing 14 programmatic stakeholders who had recently used the VSP or been involved with program design and implementation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059424/hiv-care-initiation-a-teachable-moment-for-smoking-cessation
#15
Damon J Vidrine, Summer G Frank, Micah J Savin, Andrew J Waters, Yisheng Li, Sixia Chen, Faith E Fletcher, Roberto C Arduino, Ellen R Gritz
Introduction: Tobacco use among persons living with HIV represents an important risk factor for poor treatment outcomes, morbidity, and mortality. Thus, efforts designed to inform the development of appropriate smoking cessation programs for this population remains a public health priority. To address this need, a study was conducted to longitudinally assess the relationship between intention to quit smoking and cessation over the 12 month period following initiation of HIV care. Methods: Patients initiating HIV care at a large inner city safety net clinic were enrolled (n=378) in a 12-month prospective study...
September 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054087/using-local-knowledge-and-sustainable-transport-to-promote-a-greener-city-the-case-of-bucharest-romania
#16
Mihai R Niță, Denisa L Badiu, Diana A Onose, Athanasios A Gavrilidis, Simona R Grădinaru, Irina I Năstase, Raffaele Lafortezza
Cities undergoing climate change and rapid urbanization are faced with significant transformational processes that affect the environment and society, challenging them to become more sustainable and resilient. The promotion of nature-based solutions represents an efficient approach to meet sustainability targets in cities and improve the quality of life of citizens. The association of large components of green infrastructure, such as urban parks, with physical activity can counteract the sedentary lifestyle endemic to cities and improve the overall health and well-being of individuals (Carrus et al...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#17
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050655/healthy-by-design-using-a-gender-focus-to-influence-complete-streets-policy
#18
April Ennis Keippel, Melissa A Henderson, Amanda L Golbeck, TommiLee Gallup, Diane K Duin, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander, Elizabeth L Ciemins
BACKGROUND: Public health leaders in Yellowstone County, Montana, formed an alliance to address community-wide issues. One such issue is Complete Streets, with its vision of safe streets for all. This case study focuses on development and adoption of a Complete Streets policy. It examines how a community coalition, Healthy By Design, infused a gender focus into the policymaking process. METHODS: An incremental and nonlinear policymaking process was aided by a focus on gender and health equity...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048447/strategies-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-urban-areas-the-erice-50-charter
#19
D D'Alessandro, S Arletti, A Azara, M Buffoli, L Capasso, A Cappuccitti, A Casuccio, A Cecchini, G Costa, A M De Martino, M Dettori, E Di Rosa, G M Fara, M Ferrante, G Giammanco, A Lauria, G Melis, U Moscato, I Oberti, C Patrizio, M G Petronio, A Rebecchi, V Romano Spica, G Settimo, C Signorelli, S Capolongo
The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI)...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047413/itactic-implementing-treatment-algorithms-for-the-correction-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Kjersti Baksaas-Aasen, Lewis Gall, Simon Eaglestone, Claire Rourke, Nicole P Juffermans, J Carel Goslings, Paal Aksel Naess, Susan van Dieren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Christine Gaarder, Karim Brohi, Per I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the fourth leading cause of death globally. Half of all trauma deaths are due to bleeding and most of these will occur within 6 h of injury. Haemorrhagic shock following injury has been shown to induce a clotting dysfunction within minutes, and this early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may exacerbate bleeding and is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. In spite of improved resuscitation strategies over the last decade, current transfusion therapy still fails to correct TIC during ongoing haemorrhage and evidence for the optimal management of bleeding trauma patients is lacking...
October 18, 2017: Trials
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