keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dwi brain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433624/temporal-slice-registration-and-robust-diffusion-tensor-reconstruction-for-improved-fetal-brain-structural-connectivity-analysis
#1
Bahram Marami, Seyed Sadegh Mohseni Salehi, Onur Afacan, Benoit Scherrer, Caitlin K Rollins, Edward Yang, Judy A Estroff, Simon K Warfield, Ali Gholipour
Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging, or DWI, is one of the most promising tools for the analysis of neural microstructure and the structural connectome of the human brain. The application of DWI to map early development of the human connectome in-utero, however, is challenged by intermittent fetal and maternal motion that disrupts the spatial correspondence of data acquired in the relatively long DWI acquisitions. Fetuses move continuously during DWI scans. Reliable and accurate analysis of the fetal brain structural connectome requires careful compensation of motion effects and robust reconstruction to avoid introducing bias based on the degree of fetal motion...
April 19, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431825/single-subcortical-infarct-pathomechanism-assessed-by-thin-section-computed-tomography-perfusion
#2
Dong Hoon Shin, Ernst Klotz, Eung Yeop Kim
INTRODUCTION: The pathomechanism of a single subcortical infarct (SSI) may be better determined by assessing the perfusion status between parent artery and ischemic lesion. We aimed to compare the classifications into branch atheromatous disease (BAD) versus non-BAD based on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) or computed tomography perfusion (CTP), and to test whether a CTP-based classification improves the predicting power for progression in SSI (PSSI) compared to that by DWI. METHODS: We enrolled 109 consecutive patients with SSI examined by whole-supratentorial brain CTP and follow-up DWI...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419645/diagnostic-performance-of-different-imaging-modalities-in-the-assessment-of-distant-metastasis-and-local-recurrence-of-tumor-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Yoshiharu Ohno, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Yuji Kishida, Shinichiro Seki, Hisanobu Koyama, Masao Yui, Yoshimori Kassai, Kota Aoyagi, Shigeo Kaminaga, Kazuro Sugimura
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance of positron emission tomography with [18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose (FDG-PET) coregistered with magnetic resonance imaging (FDG-PET/MRI), MRI with and without diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), FDG-PET fused with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) with brain contrast-enhanced (CE-) MRI, and routine radiological examination for assessment of postoperative recurrence in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 96 consecutive postoperative NSCLC patients (52 men, 44 women; mean age 72 years) prospectively underwent whole-body 3T MRI with and without DWI; PET/CTs and routine radiological examinations consisted of CE-brain MRI, whole-body CE-CT, and bone scintigraphy...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413873/the-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-adc-as-a-potential-marker-of-inflammation-associated-with-body-abscesses
#4
Shuichi Kawada, Taro Takahara, Tamaki Ichikawa, Hiroshi Yamamuro, Yoshimi Nagata, Tsuyoshi Nagata, Takashi Aizawa, Thomas C Kwee, Kouichi Mori, Yutaka Imai
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of apparent diffusion coefficient analysis in evaluating the inflammatory severity of extracranial abscesses. METHODS: This retrospective study included 23 patients with solitary body abscesses (except those in the brain) who underwent 1.5-T diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) at b-values of 0 and 1000 s/mm(2). Three types of the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) measurements of abscesses were performed: the mean ADC value in region of interest (ROI), volume of interest (VOI), and histogram analysis of the ADC distribution in the VOI...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413741/serial-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Ahmed H Qavi, Tasnim F Imran, Zachariah Hasan, Fariha Ilyas, Usman Ghani, Salman Assad, Shabih Hasan
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative, invariably fatal brain disorder. CJD usually appears in later life and runs a rapid course. Typically, the onset of symptoms occurs about age 60 and about 90% of individuals die within one year. We report a case of 67-year-old male presented with progressive aphasia, confusion, dysphagia and inability to carry out activities of daily life (ADLs) over a period of three to four weeks. The patient had past medical history of chronic atrial fibrillation and hypertension...
March 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413710/combination-of-standard-axial-and-thin-section-coronal-diffusion-weighted-imaging-facilitates-the-diagnosis-of-brainstem-infarction
#6
Philippe Felfeli, Holger Wenz, Mansour Al-Zghloul, Christoph Groden, Alex Förster
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is a very sensitive technique for the detection of small ischemic lesions in the human brain, in particular in the brainstem it may fail to demonstrate acute ischemic infarction. In this study, we sought to evaluate the value of additional thin-section coronal DWI for the detection of brainstem infarction. METHODS: In 155 consecutive patients (median age 69 [interquartile range, IQR 57-78] years, 95 [61...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411967/utility-of-relative-adc-ratio-in-patient-selection-for-endovascular-revascularization-of-large-vessel-occlusion
#7
Narihide Shinoda, Shinya Hori, Kazuyuki Mikami, Toshiaki Bando, Daisuke Shimo, Takahiro Kuroyama, Yoji Kuramoto, Masato Matsumoto, Osamu Hirai, Yasushi Ueno
PURPOSE: The relative apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) ratio on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to evaluate the degree of ischemia. Here, we assessed the predictability of ischemic reversibility and the risk of hemorrhagic transformation using the relative ADC ratio. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study analyzed 56 patients with acute occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) or the middle cerebral artery (M1) with endovascular revascularization...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402042/mm1-type-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-with-1-month-total-disease-duration-and-early-pathologic-indicators
#8
Yasushi Iwasaki, Hiroko Kato, Tetsuo Ando, Maya Mimuro, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Mari Yoshida
A 62-year-old man presented with abnormal behavior and cognitive impairment. Diffusion-weighted images (DWI) obtained on MRI showed extensive hyperintense regions in the cerebral cortex and striatum. Myoclonus was recognized, and the patient died 1 month after the onset; his condition did not reach the akinetic mutism state. The brain weighed 1300 g and showed no apparent atrophy. Extensive spongiform changes were observed in the cerebral neocortex, striatum, thalamus and cerebellar cortex, but gliosis was mild or absent...
April 12, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400487/vascular-anatomy-predicts-the-risk-of-cerebral-ischemia-in-patients-randomized-to-carotid-stenting-versus-endarterectomy
#9
Mandy D Müller, Frank J Ahlhelm, Alexander von Hessling, David Doig, Paul J Nederkoorn, Sumaira Macdonald, Philippe A Lyrer, Aad van der Lugt, Jeroen Hendrikse, Christoph Stippich, H Bart van der Worp, Toby Richards, Martin M Brown, Stefan T Engelter, Leo H Bonati
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Complex vascular anatomy might increase the risk of procedural stroke during carotid artery stenting (CAS). Randomized controlled trial evidence that vascular anatomy should inform the choice between CAS and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been lacking. METHODS: One-hundred eighty-four patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis who were randomly assigned to CAS or CEA in the ICSS (International Carotid Stenting Study) underwent magnetic resonance (n=126) or computed tomographic angiography (n=58) at baseline and brain magnetic resonance imaging before and after treatment...
April 11, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397802/the-connectomes-of-males-and-females-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-have-significantly-different-white-matter-connectivity-densities
#10
Andrei Irimia, Carinna M Torgerson, Zachary J Jacokes, John D Van Horn
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) encompasses a set of neurodevelopmental conditions whose striking sex-related disparity (with an estimated male-to-female ratio of 4:1) remains unknown. Here we use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) to identify the brain structure correlates of the sex-by-ASD diagnosis interaction in a carefully selected cohort of 110 ASD patients (55 females) and 83 typically-developing (TD) subjects (40 females). The interaction was found to be predicated primarily upon white matter connectivity density innervating, bilaterally, the lateral aspect of the temporal lobe, the temporo-parieto-occipital junction and the medial parietal lobe...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364004/acute-cytotoxic-and-vasogenic-edema-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-quantitative-mri-study
#11
J M Weimer, S E Jones, J A Frontera
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The mechanism of early brain injury following subarachnoid hemorrhage is not well understood. We aimed to evaluate if cytotoxic and vasogenic edema are contributing factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients with SAH undergoing diffusion-weighted MR imaging within 72 hours of onset. Apparent diffusion coefficient values derived from DWI were evaluated by using whole-brain histograms and 19 prespecified ROIs in patients with SAH and controls with normal findings on MRI...
March 31, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363514/voxel-based-lesion-mapping-of-cryptogenic-stroke-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-detailed-magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis-of-distribution-pattern
#12
Takamune Achiha, Masatoshi Takagaki, Hiroshi Oe, Mio Sakai, Hitoshi Matsui, Katsuhiko Nakanishi, Tomohiko Ozaki, Yasunori Fujimoto, Toshiki Yoshimine, Katsuyuki Nakanishi, Manabu Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is one form of cancer-associated thrombosis that can greatly worsen a patient's performance status. The present investigation aimed to elucidate the characteristic distribution pattern(s) of cryptogenic stroke lesions using a voxel-based lesion-mapping technique and examine the differences in clinical manifestations between cryptogenic and conventional strokes in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: Data from 43 patients with advanced cancer who developed acute ischemic stroke were retrospectively collected...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362236/nonenhancing-peritumoral-hyperintense-lesion-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-glioblastoma-a-novel-diagnostic-and-specific-prognostic-indicator
#13
Manish Kolakshyapati, Rupendra B Adhikari, Vega Karlowee, Takeshi Takayasu, Ryo Nosaka, Vishwa J Amatya, Yukio Takeshima, Yuji Akiyama, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Kaoru Kurisu, Fumiyuki Yamasaki
OBJECTIVE Glioblastoma differentials include intracranial tumors, like malignant lymphomas and metastatic brain tumors with indiscernible radiological characteristics. The purpose of this study was to identify a distinct radiological feature for the preoperative differentiation of glioblastoma from its differentials, which include malignant lymphomas and metastatic brain tumors. METHODS Preoperative MR images, including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) studies (b = 1000 and 4000 sec/mm(2)), obtained in patients with newly diagnosed malignant tumor, were analyzed retrospectively after receiving approval from the institutional review board...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361546/clinical-feasibility-of-simultaneous-multi-slice-imaging-with-blipped-caipi-for-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-of-the-brain
#14
Hajime Yokota, Koji Sakai, Jun Tazoe, Mariko Goto, Hiroshi Imai, Satoshi Teramukai, Kei Yamada
Background Simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) imaging is starting to be used in clinical situation, although evidence of clinical feasibility is scanty. Purpose To prospectively assess the clinical feasibility of SMS diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) with blipped-controlled aliasing in parallel imaging for brain lesions. Material and Methods The institutional review board approved this study. This study included 156 hyperintense lesions on DWI from 32 patients. A slice acceleration factor of 2 was applied for SMS scans, which allowed shortening of the scan time by 41...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352290/topological-measurements-of-dwi-tractography-for-alzheimer-s-disease-detection
#15
Nicola Amoroso, Alfonso Monaco, Sabina Tangaro, Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
Neurodegenerative diseases affect brain morphology and connectivity, making complex networks a suitable tool to investigate and model their effects. Because of its stereotyped pattern Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a natural benchmark for the study of novel methodologies. Several studies have investigated the network centrality and segregation changes induced by AD, especially with a single subject approach. In this work, a holistic perspective based on the application of multiplex network concepts is introduced...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343728/can-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-predict-the-clinical-outcome-in%C3%A2-drowned-children
#16
Adrian Hruşcã, Andreea Liana Rãchişan, Siegfried Rödl, Erich Sorantin
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric cerebral hypoxic-ischemic injury frequently results in severe neurological outcome. Imaging with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWi) demonstrates that the acute cerebral injury and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) allow the assessment of the severity of brain damage. The main objective was to examine if spatial distribution of reductions in ADC values is associated with clinical outcome in drowned children. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 7 children (7 examinations) suffering from a hypoxic-ischemic event who underwent DWi...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341199/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-diffusion-weighted-imaging-evaluation-of-the-supratentorial-brain-regions-in-patients-diagnosed-with-brainstem-variant-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#17
Tai-Yuan Chen, Te-Chang Wu, Ching-Chung Ko, I-Jung Feng, Yu-Kun Tsui, Chien-Jen Lin, Jeon-Hor Chen, Ching-Po Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiologic entity with several causes, characterized by rapid onset of symptoms and typical neuroimaging features, which usually resolve if promptly recognized and treated. Brainstem variant of PRES presents with vasogenic edema in brainstem regions on magnetic resonance (MR) images and there is sparing of the supratentorial regions. Because PRES is usually caused by a hypertensive crisis, which would likely have a systemic effect and global manifestations on the brain tissue, we thus proposed that some microscopic abnormalities of the supratentorial regions could be detected with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) analysis in brainstem variant of PRES and hypothesized that "normal-looking" supratentorial regions will increase water diffusion...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330041/retinal-tractography-influence-of-diffusion-acquisition-ocular-laterality-and-ocular-dominance-in-healthy-subjects
#18
Clément Jean, Arnaud Attyé, Sylvie Grand, Augustin Lecler, Christophe Chiquet, Florent Aptel, Laurent Lamalle, Alexandre Krainik
PURPOSE: Exploration of the human retina has never been described with MRI tractography, supposedly because of ocular movement-related artifacts and imaging distortions with EPI diffusion acquisition. In this work, we used track-weighting imaging to assess retinal fascicles. Diffusion acquisition parameters influence was studied and the relationship between variability and ocular laterality and ocular dominance was explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects underwent MRI, with retinal tractography calculated with the constrained spherical deconvolution model...
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326034/the-presence-of-previous-cerebral-microbleeds-has-a-negative-effect-on-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-recovery
#19
Kang Yang, Yulan Feng, JinJin Mu, Ningzhen Fu, Shufen Chen, Yi Fu
Background and Purpose: Cerebral microbleeds are an intracerebral microangiopathy with bleeding tendency found in intracerebral hemorrhage patients. However, studies about cerebral microbleed effects on the prognosis of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage patients are rare. We performed a prospective study to discuss not only the risk factors of cerebral microbleed incidence in hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage patients but also the relevance of cerebral microbleeds with silent brain infarction, hemorrhage and prognosis...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323841/detection-of-crossed-cerebellar-diaschisis-in-hyperacute-ischemic-stroke-using-arterial-spin-labeled-mr-imaging
#20
Koung Mi Kang, Chul-Ho Sohn, Seung Hong Choi, Keun-Hwa Jung, Roh-Eul Yoo, Tae Jin Yun, Ji-Hoon Kim, Sun-Won Park
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arterial spin-labeling (ASL) was recently introduced as a noninvasive method to evaluate cerebral hemodynamics. The purposes of this study were to assess the ability of ASL imaging to detect crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) in patients with their first unilateral supratentorial hyperacute stroke and to identify imaging or clinical factors significantly associated with CCD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 204 consecutive patients who underwent MRI less than 8 hours after the onset of stroke symptoms...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
92548
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"