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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779545/counseling-psychological-and-social-services-staffing-policies-in-u-s-school-districts
#1
Nancy Brener, Zewditu Demissie
INTRODUCTION: Schools are in a unique position to meet the mental and behavioral health needs of children and adolescents because approximately 95% of young people aged 7-17 years attend school. Little is known, however, about policies related to counseling, psychological, and social services staffing in school districts. This study analyzed the prevalence of such policies in public school districts in the U.S. METHODS: Data from four cycles (2000, 2006, 2012, and 2016) of the School Health Policies and Practices Study, a national survey periodically conducted to assess policies and practices for ten components of school health, were analyzed in 2017...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#2
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708490/audiology-assistants-results-of-a-multicenter-survey
#3
Roanne Karzon, Lisa Hunter, Wendy Steuerwald
BACKGROUND: Although audiologists have been using support personnel for over 45 yr, controversy and variability continue with respect to the entry-level education, training methods, and scope of practice. PURPOSE: As part of a larger clinical practices survey, this report focuses on use of audiology assistants (AAs) for pediatric settings and "life-span" facilities that had a significant population of pediatric patients. RESEARCH DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to 116 facilities in geographically diverse locations...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705501/quality-of-radiotherapy-services-in-post-soviet-countries-an-iaea-survey
#4
Eduardo Rosenblatt, Elena Fidarova, Sunita Ghosh, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Olga Unterkirhere, Natalia Semikoz, Valery Sinaika, Viktor Kim, Nerses Karamyan, Isa Isayev, Kamal Akbarov, Darejan Lomidze, Oksana Bondareva, Piotr Tuzlucov, Manzura Zardodkhonova, Sergey Tkachev, Marina Kislyakova, Jamshid Alimov, Tetiana Pidlubna, Michael Barton, William Mackillop
BACKGROUND: The quality of radiotherapy services in post-Soviet countries has not yet been studied following a formal methodology. The IAEA conducted a survey using two sets of validated radiation oncology quality indicators (ROIs). METHODS: Eleven post-Soviet countries were assessed. A coordinator was designated for each country and acted as the liaison between the country and the IAEA. The methodology was a one-time cross-sectional survey using a 58-question tool in Russian...
April 25, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686130/factors-associated-with-consultation-rates-in-general-practice-in-england-2013-2014-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Toqir K Mukhtar, Clare Bankhead, Sarah Stevens, Rafael Perera, Tim A Holt, Chris Salisbury, Fd Richard Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Workload in general practice has risen during the last decade, but the factors associated with this increase are unclear. AIM: To examine factors associated with consultation rates in general practice. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study examining a sample of 304 937 patients registered at 316 English practices between 2013 and 2014, drawn from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. METHOD: Age, sex, ethnicity, smoking status, and deprivation measures were linked with practice-level data on staffing, rurality, training practice status, and Quality and Outcomes Framework performance...
April 23, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685321/nurse-staffing-and-nurse-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Sujin Shin, Jin-Hwa Park, Sung-Heui Bae
BACKGROUND: A great number of studies have been conducted to examine the relationship between nurse staffing and patient outcomes. However, none of the reviews have rigorously assessed the evidence about the effect of nurse staffing on nurse outcomes through meta-analysis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to systematically assess empirical studies on the relationship between nurse staffing and nurse outcomes through meta-analysis. METHODS: Published peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and November 2016 were identified in CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, RISS, and DBpia databases...
February 26, 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672843/challenges-faced-in-rural-hospitals-the-experiences-of-nurse-managers-in-uganda
#7
T A Kakyo, L D Xiao
AIM: The aim of this study was to understand nurse ward managers perceived challenges in the rural healthcare setting in Uganda. BACKGROUND: The health workforce, essential medicines and equipment and political unrest are the main factors affecting the international community in addressing the hefty disease burden in World Health Organization African regions. Nurse ward managers have an important role to play to mitigate these factors in health facilities in these regions through leadership, supervision and support for staff...
April 19, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661270/systematic-review-of-the-evidence-related-to-mandated-nurse-staffing-ratios-in-acute-hospitals
#8
Richard Olley, Ian Edwards, Mark Avery, Helen Cooper
Objective The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate and summarise available research on nurse staffing methods and relate these to outcomes under three overarching themes of: (1) management of clinical risk, quality and safety; (2) development of a new or innovative staffing methodology; and (3) equity of nursing workload. Methods The PRISMA method was used. Relevant articles were located by searching via the Griffith University Library electronic catalogue, including articles on PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Medline...
April 17, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626004/pharmacy-staffing-workload-and-productivity-benchmarks-in-state-psychiatric-hospitals
#9
Angela Black Smith, James T Zoller, Glen T Schumock, Ann L Richards
PURPOSE: Current benchmark statistics on staffing, workload, and productivity in hospital pharmacy departments of state psychiatric hospitals are described and assessed by hospital size. METHODS: An electronic survey of state psychiatric hospitals was conducted. Hospitals were categorized based on number of occupied beds. Descriptive statistics using Student's t tests, Pearson's chi-square tests, and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to characterize the data and compare productivity by hospital size...
April 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615306/structural-equation-modeling-to-explore-patient-to-staff-ratios-as-an-explanatory-factor-for-variation-in-dialysis-facility-outcomes
#10
Rosa K Hand, Jeffrey M Albert, Ashwini R Sehgal
OBJECTIVE: Patient to staff ratios vary based on facility characteristics, and therefore have been proposed as an explanatory factor for the variation in dialysis facility outcomes. This analysis tested that hypothesis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Observational study using Dialysis Facility Report data. Reported staff numbers from the Annual Facility Survey were converted to full time equivalents (FTE). Subsequently, ratios were created for patients per FTE registered dietitian (RD), social worker, nurse, and patient care technician...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613879/the-relationship-between-nursing-workload-quality-of-care-and-nursing-payment-in-intensive-care-units
#11
Li-Yin Chang, Hsiu-Hui Yu, Yann-Fen C Chao
BACKGROUND: Nursing workload is highly associated with patient safety. It has been argued that the imbalance between nursing payment and nursing workload in Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI)-covered intensive care units (ICUs) has resulted in the inadequate allocation of nursing manpower. However, limited empirical data are currently available to support this argument. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between nursing workload, quality of care, and NHI-covered nursing payments in ICU settings...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596431/measuring-the-preparedness-of-health-facilities-to-deliver-emergency-obstetric-care-in-a-south-african-district
#12
Siphiwe Bridget Pearl Thwala, Duane Blaauw, Freddie Ssengooba
BACKGROUND: Improving the delivery of emergency obstetric care (EmNOC) remains critical in addressing direct causes of maternal mortality. United Nations (UN) agencies have promoted standard methods for evaluating the availability of EmNOC facilities although modifications have been proposed by others. This study presents an assessment of the preparedness of public health facilities to provide EmNOC using these methods in one South African district with a persistently high maternal mortality ratio...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596105/attention-health-care-leaders-literature-review-deems-baccalaureate-nurses-improve-patient-outcomes
#13
Deborah O'Brien, Mary Knowlton, Ramona Whichello
AIM: This review of studies conducted since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report "The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health" evaluates the current state of evidence showing an association between an increased ratio of BSN-prepared nursing staff and improved patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: The IOM established a nationwide goal to increase the number of BSN nurses to 80 percent by 2020 to meet the challenges seen in today's health care environment...
March 28, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590355/essential-resources-and-strategies-for-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-in-the-acute-care-setting
#14
Sarah B Doernberg, Lilian M Abbo, Steven D Burdette, Neil O Fishman, Edward L Goodman, Gary R Kravitz, James E Leggett, Rebekah W Moehring, Jason G Newland, Philip A Robinson, Emily S Spivak, Pranita D Tamma, Henry F Chambers
Background: Antibiotic stewardship programs improve clinical outcomes and patient safety and help combat antibiotic resistance. Specific guidance on resources needed to structure stewardship programs is lacking. This manuscript describes results of a survey of U.S. stewardship programs and resultant recommendations regarding potential staffing structures in the acute care setting. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of members of three infectious diseases subspecialty societies actively involved in antibiotic stewardship was conducted...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578952/failure-to-rescue-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
Jeffrey H Silber, Alexander F Arriaga, Bijan A Niknam, Alexander S Hill, Richard N Ross, Patrick S Romano
BACKGROUND: Failure-to-rescue (FTR), originally developed to study quality of care in surgery, measures an institution's ability to prevent death after a patient becomes complicated. OBJECTIVES: Develop an FTR metric modified to analyze acute myocardial infarction (AMI) outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN: Split-sample design: a random 20% of hospitals to develop FTR definitions, a second 20% to validate test characteristics, and an out-of-sample 60% to validate results...
May 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547612/member-input-the-challenge-of-staffing-in-ambulatory-infusion-settings
#16
(no author information available yet)
The Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) has conducted several member surveys that included questions about staffing but has not established nurse-patient ratios, given the number and complexity of variables that must be considered. The 2016 ONS member survey showed that staffing was the most frequently cited challenge in the practice setting. With the implementation of ONS Communities in 2017, members have the opportunity to network and connect about issues. Staffing in chemotherapy infusion centers has been a frequent topic...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533272/team-functioning-as-a-predictor-of-patient-outcomes-in-early-medical-home-implementation
#17
Frances M Wu, Lisa V Rubenstein, Jean Yoon
BACKGROUND: New models of patient-centered primary care such as the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) depend on high levels of interdisciplinary primary care team functioning to achieve improved outcomes. A few studies have qualitatively assessed barriers and facilitators to optimal team functioning; however, we know of no prior study that assesses PCMH team functioning in relationship to patient health outcomes. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the relationships between primary care team functioning, patients' use of acute care, and mortality...
March 12, 2018: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516853/the-feasibility-of-early-pulmonary-rehabilitation-and-activity-after-copd-exacerbations-external-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-qualitative-case-study-and-exploratory-economic-evaluation
#18
Matthew Cox, Catherine O'Connor, Katie Biggs, Daniel Hind, Oscar Bortolami, Matthew Franklin, Barbara Collins, Stephen Walters, Allan Wailoo, Julie Channell, Paul Albert, Ursula Freeman, Stephen Bourke, Michael Steiner, Jon Miles, Tom O'Brien, David McWilliams, Terry Schofield, John O'Reilly, Rodney Hughes
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects > 3 million people in the UK. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are the second most common reason for emergency hospital admission in the UK. Pulmonary rehabilitation is usual care for stable COPD but there is little evidence for early pulmonary rehabilitation (EPR) following AECOPD, either in hospital or immediately post discharge. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of recruiting patients, collecting data and delivering EPR to patients with AECOPD to evaluate EPR compared with usual care...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486493/effect-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-system-on-all-cause-mortality-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-the-epoch-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christopher S Parshuram, Karen Dryden-Palmer, Catherine Farrell, Ronald Gottesman, Martin Gray, James S Hutchison, Mark Helfaer, Elizabeth A Hunt, Ari R Joffe, Jacques Lacroix, Michael Alice Moga, Vinay Nadkarni, Nelly Ninis, Patricia C Parkin, David Wensley, Andrew R Willan, George A Tomlinson
Importance: There is limited evidence that the use of severity of illness scores in pediatric patients can facilitate timely admission to the intensive care unit or improve patient outcomes. Objective: To determine the effect of the Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System (BedsidePEWS) on all-cause hospital mortality and late admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), cardiac arrest, and ICU resource use. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter cluster randomized trial of 21 hospitals located in 7 countries (Belgium, Canada, England, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, and the Netherlands) that provided inpatient pediatric care for infants (gestational age ≥37 weeks) to teenagers (aged ≤18 years)...
March 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476025/protocol-for-the-health-economic-evaluation-of-increasing-the-weekend-specialist-to-patient-ratio-in-hospitals-in-england
#20
Samuel I Watson, Yen-Fu Chen, Julian F Bion, Cassie P Aldridge, Alan Girling, Richard J Lilford
INTRODUCTION: This protocol concerns the evaluation of increased specialist staffing at weekends in hospitals in England. Seven-day health services are a key policy for the UK government and other health systems trying to improve use of infrastructure and resources. A particular motivation for the 7-day policy has been the observed increase in the risk of death associated with weekend admission, which has been attributed to fewer hospital specialists being available at weekends. However, the causes of the weekend effect have not been adequately characterised; many of the excess deaths associated with the 'weekend effect' may not be preventable, and the presumed benefits of improved specialist cover might be offset by the cost of implementation...
February 23, 2018: BMJ Open
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