Read by QxMD icon Read

Intracranial artery stenosis

Jun Zhang, Xiao Zhang, Jin-Ping Zhang, Ju Han
The optimal treatment for patients with chronic symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA) total occlusion is not well established. In addition to medical therapy, vessel recanalisation with stenting has shown much promise, especially for patients with recurrent ischemic symptoms. Nevertheless, the incidence of symptomatic in-stent restenosis (ISR) is high, and is associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Drug coated balloons (DCBs) have been proven to be effective in treating and preventing ISR. However, the feasibility of DCBs for de novo intracranial atherothrombotic stenosis has not been previously described, especially for total occlusion lesions...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Toshihiro Ueda, Tatsuro Takada, Shinji Nogoshi, Tomohide Yoshie, Satoshi Takaishi, Takayuki Fukano
PURPOSE: A recent randomized controlled trial demonstrated that aggressive medical management was superior to angioplasty with stenting for intracranial stenosis. The purpose of this study was to assess initial and long-term outcomes of balloon angioplasty without stenting for symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 72 patients (mean age, 58.9 years old) with 84 balloon angioplasties without stenting for high-grade (>70%) atherosclerotic stenosis of the main trunk of the MCA...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Bing Yang, Huili Zhu, Yusheng Zhang, Anding Xu
Intracranial branch atheromatous disease is an atheromatous pathophysiological process associated with occlusion or stenosis at the orifice of a deep penetrating artery. However, apart from autopsy, atherosclerosis in the penetrating artery has not been confirmed in vivo. In this case, we confirmed that the ostium was located in the parent artery plaque and demonstrated the atherosclerosis of the proximal penetrating artery by using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. HR-MRI can be used to identify the pathological changes in penetrating arteries and provides more reliable basic information for the clinical subclassification and optimal medical treatment of penetrating artery infarction...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
H Y Zhao, Z C Jia, D S Fan
Objective: To analyze the incidence of intracranial unruptured aneurysms in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis (≥30%), the characteristics of aneurysms and risk factors in patients with ICA stenosis and intracranial aneurysm. Methods: Clinical data of patients receiving digital subtraction angiography (DSA) at Peking University Third Hospital between January 2012 and June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with ICA stenosis and unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Results: Among 247 patients with ICA stenosis, 16 patients (6...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Tomohiro Tsunekawa, Motoshi Sawada, Takayoshi Kato, Yusuke Motoji, Tatsuomi Kinoshita, Akihiro Hirakawa, Yasuhide Okawa, Shinji TomitaMD
OBJECTIVES: Intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis is a significant predictor of stroke after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, there is limited information on intracranial occlusive lesions in patients undergoing CABG. The purpose of the study was to elucidate the precise prevalence and distribution of occlusive lesions of the extracranial and intracranial arteries in patients undergoing CABG. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2016, 205 patients underwent preoperative magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and elective CABG...
March 5, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Runqi Wangqin, Xianwei Wang, Yilong Wang, Ying Xian, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Hao Li, Xia Meng, Yongjun Wang
Objective: Many patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy still had recurrent strokes. We aimed to identify factors associated with recurrent stroke at 90 days in patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy in Clopidogrel in High-risk patients with Acute Non-disabling Cerebrovascular Events trial. Methods: Patients with transient ischaemic attack or minor stroke receiving clopidogrel and aspirin in the trial were analysed in the study. The primary outcome was recurrent stroke within 90 days after the index event...
December 2017: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Jie Yang, Yang Hua, Xiang Li, Mingjie Gao, Qiuping Li, Beibei Liu, Liqun Jiao
This study aimed to determine the optimal criteria for evaluating basilar artery stenosis (BAS) by transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS). A total of 403 cases with both TCCS and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were enrolled. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and mean flow velocity (MFV) of the basilar artery (BA), intracranial vertebral artery (IVA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were measured. The ratios PSVBA /PSVIVA and PSVBA /PSVPCA were calculated. With DSA as the reference, the optimal criteria for grading BAS were determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis...
March 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Daniel C Sacchetti, Shawna M Cutting, Ryan A McTaggart, Andrew D Chang, Morgan Hemendinger, Brian Mac Grory, Matthew S Siket, Tina Burton, Bradford Thompson, Sara K Rostanski, Shyam Prabhakaran, Joshua Z Willey, Randolph S Marshall, Mitchell Sv Elkind, Pooja Khatri, Karen L Furie, Mahesh V Jayaraman, Shadi Yaghi
Background Large vessel disease stroke subtype carries the highest risk of early recurrent stroke. In this study we aim to look at the association between impaired perfusion and early stroke recurrence in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic disease or total cervical carotid occlusion. Methods This is a retrospective study from a comprehensive stroke center where we included consecutive patients 18 years or older with intracranial atherosclerotic disease or total cervical carotid occlusion admitted with a diagnosis of ischemic stroke within 24 h from symptom onset with National Institute Health Stroke Scale < 15, between 1 December 2016 and 30 June 2017...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Wing Tung Esther Yeung, Ikuko Mizuta, Akiko Watanabe-Hosomi, Akiyoshi Yokote, Takashi Koizumi, Mao Mukai, Masako Kinoshita, Tomoyuki Ohara, Toshiki Mizuno
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), caused by NOTCH3, primarily affects small cerebral arteries; however, stenosis of major intracranial arteries has occasionally been reported. Recent studies identified a close association between the c.14576G>A (p.R4859K, rs112735431) variant of the ring finger protein 213 (RNF213) gene and sporadic intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS). To determine whether RNF213 is associated with ICAS in CADASIL, we genotyped rs112735431 for 124 patients with CADASIL...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
Zhengsheng Zhang, Xiang-Yan Chen, Larry Baum, Ho Keung Ng, Vincent Mok, Ka Sing Wong
OBJECTIVES: Stenosis of the intracranial large arteries, especially the middle cerebral artery (MCA), is common in the Chinese population. We conducted a case-control study to investigate clinical and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism of MCA atherosclerosis in the Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction-based protocols were used to identify the genotypes of polymorphisms in ApoE genes. Clinical parameters and the genotypes of polymorphisms in the ApoE genes were compared in patients with and without MCA stenosis...
March 2018: Neurologist
Doris Leithner, Julian L Wichmann, Scherwin Mahmoudi, Simon S Martin, Moritz H Albrecht, Thomas J Vogl, Jan-Erik Scholtz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of low-tube-voltage 90-kVp acquisition combined with advanced modeled iterative reconstruction algorithm (Admire) on radiation exposure, image quality, artifacts, and assessment of stenosis in carotid and intracranial CT-angiography (CTA). METHODS: Dual-energy CTA studies of 43 patients performed on a third-generation 192-slice dual-source CT were retrospectively evaluated. Intraindividual comparison of 90-kVp and linearly-blended 120-kVp equivalent image series (M_0...
March 1, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Qian Zhang, Lebao Yu, Peicong Ge, Yonggang Ma, Dong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Rong Wang, Shuo Wang, Yuanli Zhao, Yong Cao, Xingju Liu, Xiaofeng Deng, Jizong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Intracranial major artery stenosis/occlusion (ICASO) is a common cause of ischemic stroke worldwide. A number of studies have assessed the association of the p.R4810K polymorphism in the ring finger protein 213 (RNF213) gene with ICASO, but the results have not been entirely consistent. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study to estimate the association between the p.R4810K polymorphism and the risk of ICASO in a Chinese population. A total of 124 patients and 230 controls were enrolled...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Alejandro Santillan, Srikanth Boddu, Justin Schwarz, Ning Lin, Y Pierre Gobin, Jared Knopman, Athos Patsalides
Background and purpose This retrospective study evaluates the safety, effectiveness, and long-term clinical and angiographic follow-up of intracranial aneurysms treated with the Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support Junior (LVIS Jr.) stent and parent vessels of diameter equal to or less than 2.5 mm. Materials and methods We included all patients treated with the LVIS Jr. stent in aneurysms with small parent vessel diameter between March 2015 and July 2017. Periprocedural adverse events, immediate aneurysm occlusion rates, and clinical and angiographic follow-up are reported...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
NiZaMiDingJiang ReXiaTi, ReXiDan AiKeReMu, KaHeErMan KaDeEr, Yan-Dong Fan, Zhao-Hai Feng, Kai Wang, TeWuErBaTi SuErTanNiYa, Tao-Tao Dou, Hai-Qiang Wu, MaiMaiTiLi AiSha, Xiao-Jiang Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the short-term efficacy of Pipeline embolization divice (PED) for the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: The clinical data of 29 consecutive patients with 32 intracranial aneurysms treated with PED between April 2015 to September 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 3 small aneurysm, 15 large aneurysms, 8 giant aneurysms, 5 fusiform ayneurysms and 1 recidivation. The vessels include 25 anterior circulation and 4 posterior circulation...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Jian Guo, Wei Su, Jinhuan Fang, Ning Chen, Muke Zhou, Yang Zhang, Li He
OBJECTIVES: Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have been associated with cognitive deficits in certain patient populations, but whether this is also true of ischemic stroke patients is controversial. This study aims to examine the possible association between CRP concentration and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) in Han Chinese patients and to determine whether this association depends on intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS). METHODS: Patients with mild or moderate stroke admitted to a large regional medical center in Western China were consecutively enrolled in our study...
February 16, 2018: Neurological Research
Peiyang Zhou, Zhihua Cao, Pu Wang, Guangzhi Liu, Xuan Yao, Puqing Wang, Guang Li, Guibin Zhang, Ping Gao
Background: The aim of this study was to observe the effect of intensive statin therapy on symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis. Methods: overall, 120 patients with symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis were admitted to the Xiangyang No.1 People's Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Xiangyang, China from January 2010 to May 2013. They were randomly divided into three groups and were given different doses of atorvastatin orally for 1 year or more, and followed up for 12 months...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Benjamin Gory, Raphaël Blanc, Francis Turjman, Jérôme Berge, Michel Piotin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Barrel vascular reconstruction device (Barrel VRD) is a novel stent with design features that allow endovascular coiling of wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms while preserving adjacent branches, without necessitating dual stent implantation. This study aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Barrel VRD at 12-month follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Barrel VRD trial is a prospective, multicenter, observational post-marketing registry evaluating the use of the Barrel VRD for treatment of wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Youxin Wang, Bin Zhou, Pingan Zhou, Yan Yao, Qinghua Cui, Yingping Liu, Jichun Yang, Shouling Wu, Xingquan Zhao, Yong Zhou
Cerebral artery stenosis (CAS) is the most important causes of ischaemic stroke. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) plays 2 diverse roles in atherosclerosis (pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory), and the association between Lp-PLA2 mass and cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events is inconsistent among previous studies. A cross-sectional study including 2012 North Chinese adults aged ≥40 years was performed in 2010-2011 to investigate whether Lp-PLA2 mass is associated with asymptomatic cerebral artery stenosis (ACAS)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Mohamad A Hussain, Aziz S Alali, Muhammad Mamdani, Jack V Tu, Gustavo Saposnik, Konard Salata, Avery B Nathens, Charles de Mestral, Deepak L Bhatt, Subodh Verma, Mohammed Al-Omran
OBJECTIVE Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) associated with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare but major complication of carotid artery revascularization. The objective of this study was to compare the rate of ICH after carotid artery stenting (CAS) with that after endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS The authors performed a retrospective population-based cohort study of patients who underwent carotid artery revascularization in the province of Ontario, Canada, between 2002 and 2015. The primary outcome was the rate of ICH that occurred within 90 days after carotid artery intervention among patients who underwent CAS versus that of those who underwent CEA...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Luyun Fan, Wenjun Ma, Huimin Zhang, Jun Cai
RATIONALE: Iliac arterial fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) was rarely reported and its demographic, clinical, and imaging features have not been precisely described resulting in uncertain therapeutic methods. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 31-year-old man was referred because of 3-month-ago onset hypertension, low serum potassium, and a small-sized right kidney with normal renal artery under ultrasound examination. This patient was suspected of primary aldosteronism, whereas spirolactone was poorly effective...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"