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laryngeal cleft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543621/morphological-characteristics-of-the-oropharyngeal-cavity-tongue-palate-and-laryngeal-entrance-in-the-eurasian-coot-fulica-atra-linnaeus-1758
#1
M M A Abumandour, N E R El-Bakary
The present study represents the first definitive anatomical description of the oropharyngeal cavity of the coot Fulica atra. For this purpose, the organs of six birds were prepared to examine grossly and by SEM and stereomicroscope. The oval lingual apex had multiple overlapping branched acicular processes on its anterior and lateral border. The lingual apex and body had multiple caudally directed filiform-like papillae. By stereomicroscopy, the lingual root had a characteristic appearance and consisted of four parts...
May 22, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483239/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-flexible-fiber-co2-laser-delivery-system-in-the-endoscopic-management-of-pediatric-airway-problems-our-long-term-experience
#2
Gi Soo Lee, Alexandra Irace, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of flexible fiber CO2 laser in the endoscopic management of pediatric airway cases. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent CO2 laser-assisted airway procedures between September 2007 and January 2014 at a tertiary pediatric hospital. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients underwent 80 procedures utilizing flexible fiber CO2 laser. Procedures included supraglottoplasty (n = 32), laryngeal cleft repair (type I [n = 10], type II [n = 7], type III [n = 6]), suprastomal granuloma excision (n = 6), cordotomy (n = 4), laryngeal neurofibroma excision (n = 4), laryngeal granulomatous mass excision (n = 1), subglottic stenosis excision (n = 6), division of glottic web (n = 2), subglottic cyst excision (n = 1), and supraglottic biopsy (n = 1)...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#3
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384788/neurologic-evaluation-in-children-with-laryngeal-cleft
#4
Ryan D Walker, Alexandria L Irace, Margaret A Kenna, David K Urion, Reza Rahbar
Importance: Referral to a neurologist and imaging play important roles in the management of laryngeal cleft. Swallowing involves a complex series of neuromuscular interactions, and aspiration can result from anatomical causes (eg, laryngeal cleft), neuromuscular disorders, or some combination thereof. To date, no protocols or guidelines exist to identify which patients with laryngeal cleft should undergo neuroimaging studies and/or consultation with a neurologist. Objective: To establish guidelines for neurologic evaluation and imaging techniques to identify or rule out neuromuscular dysfunction in children with laryngeal cleft...
April 6, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356131/treatment-of-infants-with-syndromic-robin-sequence-with-modified-palatal-plates-a-minimally-invasive-treatment-option
#5
Silvia Müller-Hagedorn, Wolfgang Buchenau, Jörg Arand, Margit Bacher, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Infants with Robin sequence (RS) suffer from upper airway obstruction (UAO) and feeding problems. We developed an oral appliance with a velar extension in combination with functional treatment and appropriate feeding techniques, which was proven effective in isolated RS. As the above problems are particularly challenging in syndromic RS, we set out to evaluate our treatment concept also in these patients. METHODS: We searched our electronic departmental database to identify all children admitted to our department between 01/01/2003 and 31/12/2009 because of syndromic RS...
March 30, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302228/anaesthetic-management-in-a-child-with-goldenhar-syndrome
#6
Waqas Ahmed Khan, Bushra Salim, Ausaf Ahmed Khan, Shakaib Chughtai
Goldenhar syndrome is a congenital disorder involving deformities of the face. It usually affects one side of the face only and poses significant challenges in the airway management. We herein, report an 8-year boy, known case of Goldenhar syndrome, who presented to our radiology suite for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain, followed by a computed tomography (CT) scan brain. The boy had various features of Goldenhar syndrome, e.g. cleft palate, absent right eye and ear, right mandibular hypoplasia, micrognathia, and preauricular tags...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098610/images-in-anesthesiology-laryngeal-cleft
#7
Rose J Eapen, Brad M Taicher, Eric Benner, Kelly Machovec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004263/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-the-pediatric-head-and-neck-surgeries
#8
REVIEW
Evren Erkul, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Deepak Mehta, Utku Aydil
Pediatric robotic surgery is a relatively new technology that has been shown to be safe and feasible for a number of pediatric procedures. Our literature analysis was performed using Pubmed database between January 2005 and December 2015, using key words: "robotic," "robotic surgery," "TORS," "pediatric," "children," "head and neck," and "da Vinci". We selected only publications in English. Eight published reports met the selection criteria. We totally found 41 patients, and the age range was between 2 months and 19 years...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729141/early-surgical-intervention-in-type-i-laryngeal-cleft
#9
Kristine E Day, Nicholas J Smith, Brian D Kulbersh
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis and treatment of type 1 laryngeal clefts remains a challenge. The purpose of this study is to determine if early surgical intervention in type I laryngeal clefts improves outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted at an academic tertiary care children's hospital. 18 children undergoing early (≤3 months from diagnosis) surgical intervention for type I laryngeal cleft repair between August of 2012 and December 2014. Data was compiled through a manual chart review...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636982/beyond-dilation-current-concepts-in-endoscopic-airway-stenting-and-reconstruction
#10
Sharon H Gnagi, David R White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss current modalities of endoscopic airway management beyond balloon dilation therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances continue to be made through technology and bioengineering with exciting potential in the pediatric airway. Smaller robots and instrumentation allow increased endoscopic surgical success. Biodegradable stents and bioengineered grafts are on the horizon for use in airway surgery. Dysphonia following airway reconstruction is of increasing recognition with new endoscopic treatments being performed...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619036/radiation-exposure-from-videofluoroscopic-swallow-studies-in-children-with-a-type-1-laryngeal-cleft-and-pharyngeal-dysphagia-a-retrospective-review
#11
Cheryl Hersh, Carissa Wentland, Sarah Sally, Marie de Stadler, Steven Hardy, M Shannon Fracchia, Bob Liu, Christopher Hartnick
INTRODUCTION: Radiation exposure is recognized as having long term consequences, resulting in increased risks over the lifetime. Children, in particular, have a projected lifetime risk of cancer, which should be reduced if within our capacity. The objective of this study is to quantify the amount of ionizing radiation in care for children being treated for aspiration secondary to a type 1 laryngeal cleft. With this baseline data, strategies can be developed to create best practice pathways to maintain quality of care while minimizing radiation exposure...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575446/laryngeal-cleft
#12
Rose J Eapen, Brad M Taicher, Eric Benner, Kelly Machovec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2016: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414807/airway-complications-during-and-after-general-anesthesia-a-comparison-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-using-flexible-laryngeal-mask-airways-and-endotracheal-tubes
#13
Rui Xu, Ying Lian, Wen Xian Li
OBJECTIVE: Flexible laryngeal mask airways (FLMAs) have been widely used in thyroidectomy as well as cleft palate, nasal, upper chest, head and neck oncoplastic surgeries. This systematic review aims to compare the incidence of airway complications that occur during and after general anesthesia when using the FLMA and endotracheal intubation (ETT). We performed a quantitative meta-analysis of the results of randomized trials. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases was conducted using the key words "flexible laryngeal mask airway" and "endotracheal intubation"...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382820/retrograde-intubation-via-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-a-paediatric-patient-with-fallot-type-ventricular-septal-defect-and-cleft-palate-deformity
#14
Taner Ciftci, Serkan Erbatur
We report the case ofa pediatric patient with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and cleft palate deformity with difficult intubation in which a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was used and converted into an endotracheal tube through retrograde intubation. The patient with TOF was scheduled for repair of the congenital bilateral cleft lip and palate. Inhalational induction with 4% sevoflurane was started. Conventional tracheal intubation was impossible because the patient had a difficult airway, and the procedure could cause severe cyanosis and respiratory distress...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356238/modified-best-practice-algorithm-to-reduce-the-number-of-postoperative-videofluoroscopic-swallow-studies-in-patients-with-type-1-laryngeal-cleft-repair
#15
Carissa Wentland, Cheryl Hersh, Sarah Sally, M Shannon Fracchia, Steven Hardy, Bob Liu, Jordan A Garcia, Christopher J Hartnick
IMPORTANCE: There is no consensus as to the timing of videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSSs) in determining resolving aspiration after laryngeal cleft repair. There is a growing literature on the effect of radiation exposure in children. OBJECTIVE: To modify a previously published best-practice algorithm based on a literature review and our clinical experience to maintain the quality of care provided after successful type 1 laryngeal cleft repair, while reducing the total number of postoperative VFSSs by 10% or greater...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320495/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-upper-airway-pathology-in-the-pediatric-population
#16
Carlton J Zdanski, Grace K Austin, Jonathan M Walsh, Amelia F Drake, Austin S Rose, Trevor G Hackman, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study is to present one of the largest case series of pediatric transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in the upper airway demonstrating a wide range of ages and indications. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series at an academic tertiary referral center from August 2010 to September 2014. METHODS: The da Vinci surgical robot (Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) was used on 16 pediatric patients for 18 procedures...
January 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312855/microcephalic-osteodysplastic-primordial-dwarfism-type-1
#17
Steven Ferrell, Aaron Johnson, Waylon Pearson
Microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type 1 (MOPD1) is an uncommon cause of microcephaly and intrauterine growth retardation in a newborn. Early identifying features include but are not limited to sloping forehead, micrognathia, sparse hair, including of eyebrows and short limbs. Immediate radiological findings may include partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, interhemispheric cyst and shallow acetabula leading to dislocation. Genetic testing displaying a mutation in RNU4ATAC gene is necessary for definitive diagnosis...
June 16, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172174/outcomes-and-predictors-of-surgical-management-in-type-1-laryngeal-cleft-swallowing-dysfunction
#18
Prasad John Thottam, Matthew Georg, David Chi, Deepak K Mehta
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine the effect of and predict the success of type 1 laryngeal cleft (LC-1) augmentation through swallowing evaluations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with LC-1s underwent interarytenoid injection laryngoplasty (IL) and were examined. The median age at IL was 9 months. Swallowing evaluations were performed pre- and postoperatively using fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing or modified barium swallow...
December 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070536/anterior-laryngofissure-approach-in-type-iii-laryngotracheal-cleft-a-case-report
#19
A E Arslankoylu, E Unal, N Kuyucu, O Ismi
Laryngeal and laryngotracheal clefts are rare congenital malformations of the laryngobronchial tree. Their symptoms vary from mild cough to life threatening pulmonary aspiration and cyanosis. Type I and II clefts can be observed without surgical intervention, whereas type III and IV clefts usually require an anterior or lateral cervical approach. We present a case of type III laryngotracheal cleft seen in a 3-monthold male infant who died during revision surgery after an anterior laryngofissure approach. We discuss the difficulties in diagnosis, management and importance of anaesthesia for these rare anomalies in light of the current literature...
October 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066427/congenital-bilateral-saccular-cysts-and-bifid-epiglottis-presentation-and-management
#20
Rawan Arif, Talal Al-Khatib, Razan Daghistani, Maher Shalabi
Saccular disorders are rare representing only 1.5 % of all laryngeal anomalies. Bifid epiglottis is also an extremely rare congenital anomaly that usually occurs in a syndromic picture in association with other anomalies such as polydactyly, cleft palate and micrognathia, which are seen in Pallister-Hall Syndrome and rarely with other syndromes. We report a case of bilateral saccular cysts and bifid epiglottis in a full term neonate presenting with stridor. The patient's other congenital anomalies included microretrognathia, short neck, polydactyly of four extremities and hypospadias...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
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