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Pleural lavage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039588/a-panel-of-markers-for-identification-of-malignant-and-non-malignant-cells-in-culture-from-effusions
#1
Fabiana Pirani Carneiro, Maria Imaculada Muniz-Junqueira, Fabio Pittella-Silva, Marcos de Vasconcelos Carneiro, Gustavo Henrique Soares Takano, Leonora Maciel de Sousa Vianna, Luciano Barbosa De Andrade, Tercia Maria Mendes Lousa De Castro, Isabela Peres, Tatiana Karla Dos Santos Borges, Vânia Moraes Ferreira, Andrea Barretto Motoyama
The aim of the present study was to identify cell types in primary culture from malignant and non-malignant effusions. Effusion samples were subjected to cytology and culture. Immunocytochemistry was performed in cytological slides to evaluate malignancy (positivity for malignancy markers) and in culture slides for identification of cell types in growth. A total of 143 effusion samples (pleural n=76; peritoneal n=37; pericardial n=4; and peritoneal lavage n=26) were analyzed. Cell growth was observed in 34...
October 11, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035287/cardio-pulmonary-involvement-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#2
Geetakiran Arakkal, Sudha Rani Chintagunta, Vasavilatha Chandika, Sudha Vani Damarla, Srinivas Manchala, B Udaya Kumar
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis is a multisystem disorder characterized by microangiopathy, dysregulation of the immune system and massive deposition of collagen in the connective tissue of the skin, blood vessels and various internal organs. Although the mortality from renal crises has dropped significantly due to the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, cardiac and pulmonary involvement accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. We studied 28 patients with systemic sclerosis at Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Hyderabad, over a period of two years for cardiopulmonary involvement...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033202/-pyopneumothorax-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
B Huret, S Boulanger, L Benhamed, X Deprez, D Caparros
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the joints but which frequently includes extra articular effects, including pulmonary nodules, which grow faster under immunosuppressive treatment. CASE REPORT: A 74 years old man, with mild asbestosis, underwent treatment with methotrexate then leflunomide (LEF) for seropositive RA. In February 2014, during monitoring of his asbestosis, chest CT scan showed the appearance of thick-walled cavitating lung nodules, with a central and sub pleural distribution...
October 12, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021577/interleukin-17a-as-a-good-predictor-of-the-severity-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-in-children
#4
Mingyue Yang, Fanzheng Meng, Kuo Wang, Man Gao, Ruihua Lu, Mengyao Li, Fangxing Zhao, Lijuan Huang, Yining Zhang, Genhong Cheng, Xiaosong Wang
Early distinction between severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and mild MPP is still difficult. The aim of this study was to analyze cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and explore predicting factors of severe MPP in children. Retrospective analysis was performed on 150 children with MPP or bronchial foreign body (FB) admitted in our hospital. The mRNA levels of IL17A were found significantly lower in severe MPP group comparing with mild MPP group or FB group. However, no significant difference was found in the levels of IL4, IL10 or interferon beta1 (IFNβ1) between the two groups...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020669/evidence-suggesting-the-end-of-universal-domestic-asbestos-exposure-in-metsovo-nw-greece
#5
Athena Gogali, Evangelia E Ntzani, Carmen Manda-Stachouli, Sofia Peristeri, Loukia Tzarouchi, Elpiniki Laiou, Athanasios Konstantinidis, Stavros H Constantopoulos, Yotanna Dalavanga
BACKGROUND: Inhabitants of Metsovo, NW Greece, had been domestically exposed to asbestos from a gradually abandoned whitewash ("luto") that resulted in a declining epidemic of malignant mesothelioma. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate whether other sources of asbestos exposure exist following "luto" abandonment. METHODS: Chest computed tomography (CT) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were used to evaluate residual asbestos exposure in younger Metsovites through the identification of pleural calcifications and asbestos bodies, respectively...
October 12, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875338/the-significance-of-scc-and-cea-mrna-in-the-pleural-cavity-after-lymphadenectomy-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-who-underwent-preoperative-treatment
#6
Keijiro Sugimura, Hiroshi Miyata, Masaaki Motoori, Takeshi Omori, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Masahiko Yano
BACKGROUND: This report focuses on the surgical manipulation and spread of cancer cells. Our previous study suggested an association between a poor prognosis and positive pleural lavage cytology after resection of esophageal cancer without preoperative treatment. However, little is known regarding the clinical significance of the lavage procedure in esophageal cancer patients who undergo preoperative treatment. METHODS: A cohort of 94 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus who underwent esophagectomy with radical lymph node dissection was prospectively analyzed for free cancer cells in the pleural cavity after mediastinal lymphadenectomy...
September 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838382/assessing-the-prognostic-impact-of-the-international-association-for-the-study-of-lung-cancer-proposed-definitions-of-complete-uncertain-and-incomplete-resection-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-surgery
#7
Matteo Gagliasso, Giuseppe Migliaretti, Francesco Ardissone
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of the definitions of complete, uncertain, and incomplete resection in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgery, as proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single institution retrospective study of consecutive patients undergoing surgery for NSCLC between 1998 and 2007. Complete resection was defined by absence of gross and microscopic residual disease; systematic nodal dissection; no extracapsular extension in distal lymph nodes; and negativity of the highest mediastinal node removed...
September 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810311/-retrospective-analysis-of-13-cases-of-nocardiosis
#8
H Q Yang, H Z Shi, Z H Tong
Objective: To evaluate the clinical features, chest radiological manifestations, microbiological examination and treatments of nocardial disease. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of patients with nocardial infection admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2010 to January 2016. Results: The 13 patients, 6 males and 7 females, aged (51±17) years. Twelve cases were diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis, and 1 with disseminated nocardial infection. Most of these patients had complications: autoimmune diseases in 3 (2 with autoimmune hemolytic anemia and 1 with systemic lupus erythematosus), and bronchiectasis in 6 patients...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754760/accidental-hypothermic-cardiac-arrest-and-rapid-mediastinal-warming-with-pleural-lavage-a-survivor-after-3-5-hours-of-manual-cpr
#9
George Little
A 30-year-old man suffered post-traumatic hypothermic cardiac arrest. On arrival in the emergency department, rectal core temperature was 23°C. Manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was continued as no mechanical chest compression device was available, and active and passive rewarming was undertaken. Bilateral thoracostomies confirmed good lung inflation. Defibrillation and intravenous epinephrine were discontinued until core temperature was elevated above 30°C. Extracorporeal rewarming was unavailable...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747941/the-prognostic-value-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-levels-in-blood-and-intraoperative-pleural-lavage-fluid-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Tevfik Ilker Akcam, Ufuk Cagirici, Ayse Gul Ergonul, Ali Ozdil, Onder Kavurmaci, Kutsal Turhan, Alpaslan Cakan, Burcu Barutcuoglu
INTRODUCTION: There is no specific marker for lung cancer, but, in some lung cancer types, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) can reach high levels in the blood and pleural fluid. AIM: This study investigated the relationship of CEA levels in blood (CEAB) and intraoperative pleural lavage fluid (CEAP) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with the type, stage, and extent of lung cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients, who underwent surgery at our clinic due to NSCLC (group I) or benign lung pathology (group II), were assessed...
June 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728273/-a-retrospective-study-of-the-perioperative-complications-following-whole-lung-lavage-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#11
Z Q Zhou, W L Guo, Y Chen, C H Zhong, S Y Li
Objective: To evaluate the safety of the procedures of whole lung lavage(WLL) for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis(PAP) in perioperative period. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected clinical data from 78 WLL procedures of PAP patients from January 2006 to June 2016 in Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease. The causes of perioperative complications were analyzed. Results: Eighteen (23.07%) of the 78 procedures developed complications, including pleural effusion(n=4), pneumonia(n=4), cardiac failure(n=2), cardiac arrhythmia (n=2), pneumothorax(n=2), atelectasis(n=1), lung edema(n=1), laryngeal edema(n=1), pleural effusion and pneumonia(n=1)...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686522/asbestos-related-disease-in-upholsterers
#12
M J Cruz, J Sampol, M Pallero, E Rodríguez, J Ferrer
Before its use was banned in developed countries, asbestos was widely applied in upholstery. However, the risk of asbestos diseases among upholsterers has only rarely been reported. In this case series, we present a first series of 6 workers employed in small workshops who developed several asbestos-related diseases, including pleural plaques, pleural fibrosis, and asbestosis. Exposures were intermittent and difficult to quantify, but lung asbestos content assessed by bronchoalveolar lavage was high in the 3 patients evaluated...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659538/pyothorax-induced-by-an-intrathoracic-foreign-body-in-a-miniature-dachshund-migration-of-a-popsicle-stick-from-the-stomach
#13
Yi-Don Choi, Hyun-Jung Han
A four-year-old dachshund presented with a two-week history of pyrexia, depression, and cough. Four months earlier, the owner observed the dog swallow a whole popsicle stick, but the animal showed no clinical signs at that time. Radiography, ultrasonography, and computed tomography confirmed an intrathoracic linear foreign body and pleural effusion in the right thorax. The pleural fluid was bloody and purulent, and contained inflammatory cells and Escherichia coli. The dog was diagnosed with pyothorax induced by a foreign body, and was treated successfully by surgical removal of the foreign body, partial lung lobectomy, thoracic lavage, and antibiotics...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610889/high-resolution-ct-findings-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-liver-transplant-patients
#14
R Schuhmacher Neto, I L Giacomelli, C Schuller Nin, J da Silva Moreira, A Comaru Pasqualotto, E Marchiori, K Loureiro Irion, B Hochhegger
AIM: To assess the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in liver transplant patients diagnosed with pulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HRCT findings from 19 patients diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis infection after liver transplantation were reviewed. The patients included were 12 men and seven women, age range 23-65 years; mean age 57 years. The diagnosis was established with Mycobacterium tuberculosis detection in bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum, or biopsy...
October 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553043/unusual-case-of-acute-lung-injury-in-a-renal-allograft-recipient
#15
U Anandh, S Marda
A renal allograft recipient developed cough with hemoptysis on the 1(st) postoperative day. A chest X-ray was performed which was suggestive of fluid overload. His fluid was restricted and diuretics were added. On the same day, his pulmonary infiltrates worsened and a computed tomography (CT) of the chest was carried out, which was suggestive of the right lower lobe consolidation and left pleural effusion. He underwent a bronchoscopy and the lavage was sent for cultures, which did not grow any infective organism...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551717/total-igm-and-anti-phosphatidylcholine-igm-antibody-secretion-continue-after-clearance-of-mycobacterium-bovis-bacillus-calmette-guerin-pleural-infection
#16
Ciara Ordoñez, Musharaf Tarajia, René Rivera, Dilcia Sambrano, Victoria Batista, Mónica Chávez, Denis Tapia, Patricia L Fernández, Amador Goodridge
The cellular immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection has been well characterized, while the humoral antibody response remains underexplored. We aimed to examine the total and anti-phospholipid IgM levels in the pleural lavage from mice with Mycobacterium bovis BCG extrapulmonary infection. We found that the levels of total and anti-phosphatidylcholine IgM antibodies remained significantly higher in infected mice as compared to non-infected mice up to day 90 after BCG infection, while the anti-cardiolipin IgM antibody levels decreased with bacteria clearance...
August 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506506/endovascular-rewarming-in-the-emergency-department-for-moderate-to-severe-accidental-hypothermia
#17
Lauren R Klein, Joshua Huelster, Umama Adil, Megan Rischall, Douglas D Brunette, Robert R Kempainen, Matthew E Prekker
BACKGROUND: Endovascular temperature control catheters can be utilized for emergent rewarming in accidental hypothermia. The purpose of this study was to compare patients with moderate to severe hypothermia rewarmed with an endovascular temperature control catheter versus usual care at our institution. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study of patients with moderate to severe accidental hypothermia (core body temperature less than 32°C) in the Emergency Department of an urban, tertiary care medical center...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485830/diagnosis-and-management-of-pyothorax-in-a-domestic-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#18
Izidora Sladakovic, Benjamin M Brainard, Selena L Lane, Scott A Secrest, Andrew J Fox, Jaime L Tarigo, Corry K Yeuroukis, Susan Sanchez, Laila M Proenca, Joerg Mayer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis, management, and outcome of pyothorax in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). CASE SUMMARY: A domestic ferret was evaluated for a history of lethargy, anorexia, and pyrexia. Pleural effusion was detected with radiography and ultrasonography, and a diagnosis of pyothorax was made following cytologic evaluation of pleural fluid. Bilateral thoracostomy tubes were placed for thoracic drainage and lavage, and the ferret was treated with intravenous crystalloid fluids, antimicrobials, and analgesics...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474203/characteristics-and-timing-of-recurrence-during-postoperative-surveillance-after-curative-resection-for-lung-adenocarcinoma
#19
Terumoto Koike, Tatsuya Goto, Akihiko Kitahara, Seijiro Sato, Masayuki Saitoh, Takehisa Hashimoto, Osamu Namura, Masashi Takahashi, Shin-Ichi Toyabe, Masanori Tsuchida
PURPOSE: To establish the most effective methods of postoperative surveillance to detect early recurrence of lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 485 patients with p-stage I-III lung adenocarcinoma, who underwent postoperative surveillance. We examined the sites and detection modes of recurrence and calculated the recurrence-free probabilities. Patients with stage I disease were divided into low- and high-risk recurrence groups using a risk score calculated by assigning points proportional to risk factor regression coefficients...
May 4, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460424/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-the-management-of-pyothorax-in-dogs-14-cases
#20
Jacqueline Scott, Ameet Singh, Eric Monnet, Kristin A Coleman, Jeffrey J Runge, Joseph Brad Case, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To report the perioperative findings and outcome of dogs undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for the management of pyothorax. DESIGN: Multi-institutional, retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 14). METHODS: Medical records of dogs with pyothorax managed via VATS were reviewed for signalment, history, clinical signs, clinicopathological findings, diagnostic imaging results, surgical variables, bacterial culture and sensitivity results, post-operative management and outcome...
July 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
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