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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643057/single-incision-laparoscopic-common-bile-duct-exploration-in-101-consecutive-patients-choledochotomy-transcystic-and-transfistulous-approaches
#1
Shu-Hung Chuang, Min-Chang Hung, Shih-Wei Huang, Dev-Aur Chou, Hurng-Sheng Wu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for choledocholithiasis is still evolving. Only a few reports of single-incision laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) have been published. METHODS: One hundred and one consecutive patients underwent single-incision LCBDE (SILCBDE) by one surgeon with straight instruments during a 42-month period. RESULTS: Choledochotomies were performed on 61 patients (60.4%). The success rate of intrahepatic duct exploration was 68...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642034/cyclooxygenase-2-promotes-pulmonary-intravascular-macrophage-accumulation-by-exacerbating-bmp-signaling-in-rat-experimental-hepatopulmonary-syndrome
#2
Chang Liu, Jing Gao, Bing Chen, Lin Chen, Karine Belguise, Weifeng Yu, Kaizhi Lu, Xiaobo Wang, Bin Yi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One central factor in hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) pathogenesis is intravascular accumulation of activated macrophages in small pulmonary arteries. However, molecular mechanism underlyingthe macrophage accumulation in HPS is unknown. In this study, we aimed to explore whether elevated COX-2 induces the Bone morphogenicprotein-2 (BMP-2)/Crossveinless-2(CV-2) imbalance and then activation of BMP signaling pathway promotes the macrophage accumulation in Common Bile Duct Ligation (CBDL) rat lung...
June 19, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639336/classification-of-pancreaticobiliary-maljunction-and-clinical-features-in-children
#3
Naoto Urushihara, Yoshinori Hamada, Terumi Kamisawa, Hideki Fujii, Tsugumichi Koshinaga, Yoshiki Morotomi, Takeshi Saito, Takao Itoi, Kenitiro Kaneko, Hiroaki Fukuzawa, Hisami Ando
PURPOSE: In 2015, the Committee on Diagnostic Criteria of the Japanese Study Group on Pancreaticobiliary Maljunction (PBM) proposed a classification of PBM into four types: (A) stenotic type, (B) non-stenotic type, (C) dilated channel type, and (D) complex type. To validate this classification and clarify the clinical features of the four types of PBM, a retrospective multicenter study was conducted. METHODS: We divided the study group of 317 children with PBM into the four types of PBM...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634319/common-hepatic-artery-quadrifurcation-associated-with-right-hepatic-artery-from-superior-mesenteric-artery-during-laparoscopic-total-splenopancreasectomy
#4
Francesco Caruso, Giorgio Alessandri, Francesca Ciccarese, Giovanni Cesana, Matteo Uccelli, Giorgio Castello, Roberta Villa, Stefano Olmi
Hepatobiliopancreatic surgery is challenging becouse of the complexity of resections and reconstructions and variability of vascular anatomy. The arterial vascularization of the liver is susteined by the common hepatic artery (CHA) that originates from the celiac trunk (CT). The CHA bifurcates into the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) and proper hepatic artery (PHA) 0.5-1 cm medial to the common bile duct (CBD), and the PHA bifurcates into a right and a left branch at hepatic hilum. The most frequent variants are the right hepatic artery (RHA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), the left hepatic artery (LHA) from the left gastric artery (LGA) or a combination of these two variants...
June 12, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633652/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-common-hepatic-duct-associated-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#5
Makram Moussa, Wissem Triki, Omar Karray, Ines Marzouk, Bouchoucha Sami
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the common bile duct is a life-threatening condition, usually observed after a trauma or in association with choledocholithiasis or an obstructive tumor of the bile duct. However, a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct is a rare entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new observation of a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct, associated with biliary peritonitis and pancreatitis, in a 15-year-old North African girl. Etiological aspects, specificities of clinical presentation, means of diagnosis, as well as surgical and perioperative management are discussed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633199/diffuse-type-caroli-disease-with-characteristic-central-dot-sign-complicated-by-multiple-intrahepatic-and-common-bile-duct-stones
#6
Moon Joo Hwang, Tae Nyeun Kim
Caroli disease (CD) is a rare congenital malformation of the liver characterized by non-obstructive, segmental, cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts (IHDs). The clinical course is usually asymptomatic for the first 5-20 years, and symptoms may seldom occur throughout the patient's life. Bile stagnation leads to recurrent episodes of cholangitis, stone formation, or liver abscesses, and biliary cirrhosis usually occurs years later. Here we report on a 42-year-old man diagnosed with diffuse-type CD with a characteristic central dot sign, who had multiple intrahepatic and common bile duct (CBD) stones...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632747/selective-cyclooxygenase-inhibition-by-sc-560-improves-hepatopulmonary-syndrome-in-cirrhotic-rats
#7
Ching-Chih Chang, Wen-Shin Lee, Hsian-Guey Hsieh, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Hui-Chun Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shou-Dong Lee
OBJECTIVE: Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by hypoxia in patients with chronic liver disease. The mechanism of HPS includes pulmonary vasodilatation, inflammation, and angiogenesis. Prostaglandins synthesized by cyclooxygenases (COX) participate in vascular responsiveness, inflammation and angiogenesis, which can be modulated by COX inhibitors. We therefore evaluated the impact of COX inhibition in rats with common bile duct ligation (CBDL)-induced liver cirrhosis and HPS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627210/lactobacillus-rhamnosusgg-reduces-hepatic-fibrosis-in-a-model-of-chronic-liver-disease-in-rats
#8
Thais Ortiz Hammes, Renata Leke, Thayssa Dalla Costa Escobar, Laisa Beduschi Fracasso, Fabiola Schons Meyer, Michael Éverton Andrades, Themis Reverbel da Silveira
BACKGROUND: The intestinal dysbiosis is common in chronic liver disease and can induce to inflammatory responses and mediate the collagen deposition in the liver. AIM: To evaluate the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) for the treatment of liver fibrosis in a model of chronic cholestatic liver disease in rats. METHODS: Male adult Wistar rats (n = 29) were submitted to common bile duct ligation (BDL groups) or manipulation of common bile duct without ligation (Ctrl groups)...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625406/ductal-stones-recurrence-after-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-difficult-common-bile-duct-stones-predictive-factors
#9
Rosangela Muratori, Daniele Mandolesi, Chiara Pierantoni, Davide Festi, Antonio Colecchia, Giuseppe Mazzella, Franco Bazzoli, Francesco Azzaroli
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) can be considered in difficult common bile duct stones (DCBDS), with a success rate greater than 90% but data on stone recurrence after ESWL are limited. We performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate long-term outcomes in patients who underwent ESWL for DCBDS. METHODS: From May 1992 to October 2012, patients who underwent ESWL treatment for DCBDS, not amenable to endoscopic extraction, were included...
May 23, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624651/efficacy-and-optimal-duration-of-metallic-stent-in-the-management-of-refractory-anastomotic-stricture-after-liver-transplantation
#10
Sunguk Jang, Mansour A Parsi, Rocio Lopez, Amit Bhatt, John J Vargo
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic bile duct stricture (ABS) remains as one of the most common complications in liver transplant patients. Current practice of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with insertion of plastic stent (PS) often requires multiple procedures before achieving stricture resolution. To date, studies utilizing covered self-expandable metallic stent (cSEMS) in ABS management reported varying degree of efficacy. The aim of this study was to analyze long term efficacy of cSEMS in patients with ABS, and identifying factor(s) influencing the probability of stricture resolution...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624229/a-novel-laparoscopic-transcystic-approach-using-an-ultrathin-choledochoscope-and-holmium-laser-lithotripsy-in-the-management-of-cholecystocholedocholithiasis-an-appraisal-of-their-safety-and-efficacy
#11
Hong-Tian Xia, Yang Liu, Hao Jiang, Tao Yang, Bin Liang, Jian-Ping Zeng, Jia-Hong Dong
BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) is the preferred approach for CBD stone clearance, the success rate can vary between 55% and 85%. This study evaluated if ultrathin choledochoscope and holmium laser lithotripsy could improve the success rate of LTCBDE. METHODS: Records of 126 patients (average age, 46.1 ± 13.8 years) with cholecystocholedocholithiasis treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and LTCBDE were retrospectively reviewed...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624111/biliary-complications-after-liver-transplantation-recent-developments-in-etiology-diagnosis-and-endoscopic-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Floris J M Roos, Jan-Werner Poley, Wojciech G Polak, Herold J Metselaar
Biliary complications are considered to be the Achilles' heel of liver transplantation. The most common complications are leaks and bile duct strictures. Strictures can arise at the level of the anastomosis (anastomotic strictures; AS) or at other locations in the biliary tree (non-anastomotic strictures; NAS). Endoscopic treatment via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is considered to be the preferred therapy for these complications. This review will focus on the diagnostic modalities, new insights in etiology of biliary complications and outcomes after different endoscopic therapies, in both deceased donor transplantation and living-donor liver transplantations...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624053/radiologic-evaluation-of-vasculobiliary-anatomy-in-the-umbilical-fissure
#13
Gu-Wei Ji, Fei-Peng Zhu, Ke Wang, Yong-Xiang Xia, Chen-Yu Jiao, Zi-Cheng Shao, Xiang-Cheng Li
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of vasculobiliary anatomy in the umbilical fissure (U-point) is pivotal for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PCCA) applied to right-sided hepatectomy. The purpose of our study was to review the vasculobiliary anatomy in the U-point using three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction technique, to investigate the diagnostic ability of 2D scans to evaluate anatomic variations, and to discuss its surgical implications. METHODS: A retrospective study of 159 patients with Bismuth type I, II, and IIIa PCCA, who received surgery at our institution from November 2012 to September 2016, was conducted...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622182/reflux-associated-cholecystopathy-analysis-of-76-gallbladders-from-patients-with-supra-oddi-union-of-the-pancreatic-duct-and-common-bile-duct-pancreatobiliary-maljunction-elucidates-a-specific-diagnostic-pattern-of-mucosal-hyperplasia-as-a-prelude-to-carcinoma
#14
Takashi Muraki, Bahar Memis, Michelle D Reid, Takeshi Uehara, Tetsuya Ito, Osamu Hasebe, Shinji Okaniwa, Naoto Horigome, Takeshi Hisa, Pardeep Mittal, Alexa Freedman, Shishir Maithel, Juan M Sarmiento, Alyssa Krasinskas, Jill Koshiol, Volkan Adsay
Pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is the anomalous union of the main pancreatic duct and common bile duct outside the Oddi-sphincter, allowing the reflux of pancreatic juice to the gallbladder. There is only limited awareness and understanding of the pathologic correlates of this condition, mostly from Japan; this entity is largely unrecognized in the West. In this study, 76 gallbladders from patients with PBM (64 from Japan; 12 from the United States) were analyzed and contrasted with 66 from non-PBM patients...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619080/the-management-of-a-cystic-hepatic-lesion-ruptured-in-the-bile-ducts-a-case-report
#15
Hicham Baba, Mohamed Said Belhamidi, Mohammed El Fahssi, Jihad El Ghanmi, Aziz Zentar
BACKGROUND: Hepatic cystadenoma is a rare benign cystic tumor; it tends to recur after incomplete surgical resection and has malignant potential. We report the case of a patient with a ruptured biliary cystadenoma in the common bile duct that caused diagnostic and therapeutic problems. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old North African woman, admitted for angiocholitis, was operated 2 months before for a hepatic cystic lesion taken for a hydatid cyst compressing her common bile duct...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617875/cholangioscopy-using-the-spyglass-system-for-a-rare-cause-of-obstruction-inflammatory-polyp-of-the-common-bile-duct
#16
Theodor Voiosu, Monica Ionita, Andrei Voiosu, Andreea Bengus, Cristiana Popp, Bogdan Mateescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617155/thirteen-year-evaluation-of-the-management-of-biliary-tract-complication-after-deceased-donor-liver-transplantation
#17
Alireza Shamsaeefar, Saman Nikeghbalian, Kourosh Kazemi, Nasrin Motazedian, Bita Geramizadeh, Seyed Ali Malekhosseini
INTRODUCTION: Although patient and graft survival rate has increased in recent years, biliary complications after liver transplantation are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We reviewed the database of 1930 patients who underwent deceased donor liver transplantation between 2000 and 2013. The patients had abnormal results in liver tests, as well as fever and jaundice. Abdominal sonography was performed, and if complication was identified, the patient underwent an interventional procedure by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617028/laparoscopic-transgastric-ercp-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-our-experience
#18
Jesús Espinel, María Eugenia Pinedo, Vanesa Ojeda, María Guerra Del Río
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the surgical treatment of choice for morbid obesity. Several therapeutic options to remove common bile duct (CBD) stones have been proposed in these patients. Laparoscopy-assisted transgastric ERCP (LATERCP) has a high success rate. However, the procedure is not fully standardized and some technical variations have been proposed. We introduce two cases in which laparoscopic transgastric ERCP has been used to treat choledocholithiasis after LRYGB.
June 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614175/efficacy-of-the-laparoendoscopic-rendezvous-to-treat-cholecystocholedocholithiasis-in-210-consecutive-patients-a-single-center-experience
#19
Gaetano La Greca, Antonio Pesce, Marco Vitale, Maurizio Mannino, Federica Di Marco, Michele Di Blasi, Rosario Lombardo, Stefano Puleo, Domenico Russello, Saverio Latteri
OBJECTIVE: The simultaneous laparoendoscopic "rendezvous" (LERV) represents an alternative to sequential or totally laparoscopic approaches for patients affected by cholecystocholedocholithiasis. The aim of this study was to analyze the results in a large series of 210 consecutive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2002 to 2016 all patients affected by cholecystocholedocholithiasis were treated with a standardized "tailored" LERV. The relevant technical features of the procedure were recorded...
June 13, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612115/survival-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-for-distal-bile-duct-carcinoma-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#20
Ekaterina Petrova, Felix Rückert, Sebastian Zach, YinFeng Shen, Jürgen Weitz, Robert Grützmann, Uwe A Wittel, Frank Makowiec, Ulrich T Hopt, Peter Bronsert, Florian Kühn, Bettina M Rau, Roman E Izrailov, Igor E Khatkov, Hryhoriy Lapshyn, Louisa Bolm, Dirk Bausch, Tobias Keck, Ulrich F Wellner, Gabriel Seifert
PURPOSE: Pancreatoduodenectomy is the most common operative procedure performed for distal bile duct carcinoma. Data on outcome after surgery for this rare malignancy is scarce, especially from western countries. The purpose of this study is to explore the prognostic factors and outcome after pancreatoduodenectomy for distal bile duct carcinoma. METHODS: Patients receiving pancreatoduodenectomy for distal bile duct carcinoma were identified from institutional databases of five German and one Russian academic centers for pancreatic surgery...
June 13, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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