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Luana Leal Roberto, Daniele Durães Noronha, Taiane Oliveira Souza, Ellen Janayne Primo Miranda, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista De Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Desirée Sant'ana Haikal
This study sought to investigate factors associated with the lack of access to information on oral health among adults. It is a cross-sectional study, carried out among 831 adults (35-44 years of age). The dependent variable was access to information on how to avoid oral problems, and the independent variables were gathered into subgroups according to the theoretical model for literacy in health. Binary logistic regression was carried out, and results were corrected by the design effect. It was observed that 37...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ina Reiche, Claire Heckel, Katharina Müller, Olaf Jöris, Tim Matthies, Nicholas Conard, Harald Floss, Randall White
Among the earliest Homo sapiens societies in Eurasia, the Aurignacian phase of the Early Upper Palaeolithic, approximately 40,000-30,000 uncal. BP, mammoth ivory assumed great social and economic significance, and was used to create hundreds of personal ornaments as well as the earliest known works of three-dimensional figurative art in the world. This paper reports on the results of micro-PIXE/PIGE analyses of mammoth-ivory artefacts and debris from five major sites of Aurignacian ivory use. Patterns of variable F-content indicate regionally-distinct strategies of ivory procurement that correspond to apparent differences in human-mammoth interactions...
March 9, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Georgios A Kotsakis, Qinshu Lian, Andreas L Ioannou, Bryan S Michalowicz, Mike John, Haitao Chu
BACKGROUND: A wide selection of Interdental Oral Hygiene (IOH) aids is available to consumers. Recommendations for selection are, however, limited by the lack of direct comparisons in available studies. We aimed to assess the comparative efficacy of IOH aids using Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis (BNMA). METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials assessing IOH aids, based on a focused question. Gingival inflammation (Gingival Index (GI), Bleeding-on-probing (BOP)) was the primary outcome and plaque and probing depth were secondary outcomes A random-effects arm-based BNMA model was run for each outcome; posterior medians and 95% credible-intervals (CIs) summarized marginal distributions of parameters...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Cimara Fortes Ferreira, Mohamed Amer Shafter, Vinay Jain, Russel Anthony Wicks, Erno Linder, Carlos Alberto da Silva Ledo
BACKGROUND: Extruded cement during dental implant crown cementation may cause peri-implant diseases if not removed adequately. AIM: Evaluate the efficiency of removal of cement after cementation of implant crowns using an experimental "circular crisscross flossing technique (CCCFT) flossing technique, compared to the conventional "C" shape flossing technique (CSFT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients rendered 29 experimental and 29 control crowns...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
Vanessa Gorny, Thomas Stöggl
CONTEXT:  Tissue flossing is a technique used to improve range of motion, performance and regeneration, and to reduce pain, oedema and injury risks. PURPOSE:  To analyse if tissue flossing is an effective therapeutic modality to improve regeneration after strength endurance exercises and to reduce delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). METHODS:  42 active, healthy female and male subjects were randomly assigned to either the control (n = 21) or the tissue flossing group (n = 21)...
February 5, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Sabina Herman, Grażyna Lisowska, Joanna Herman, Ewa Wojtyna, Maciej Misiołek
The aims of the study were to determine the severity of halitosis and the association between oral hygiene practices and the severity of malodor in patients with dental and laryngological etiologies of genuine halitosis. Thirty-five laryngological and 40 dental patients with halitosis completed a structured interview and underwent laryngological and dental examinations. Halitosis was assessed using organoleptic and halimeter tests. Greater halitosis severity in laryngological patients was associated with worse clinical status of the palatine tonsils, less frequent toothbrushing, less frequent use of tongue cleaners, fewer daily meals, and increased use of mouthrinses...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
A C Mafla, F H Villalobos-Galvis, M W Heft
OBJECTIVE: To assess individuals' perception of dental caries, in order to explain how illness representations might influence their coping with the disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: 520 consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) of the General Dentistry Clinic at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto, Colombia who had experienced dental caries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Illness perception of dental caries was assessed using the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R)...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
Jung-Hoo Lee, Yoo-Jin Shin, Jong-Ho Lee, Hyun-Duck Kim
AIM: Toothbrushing (TB), dental flossing (DF) and inter-dental brushing (IDB) are regarded as fundamental self-care methods for periodontal health. Few evidences on its effectiveness on periodontal health are available. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the association of TB, DF, IDB and interaction effect with periodontal health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The nationally representative 4,766 Korean adults aged 19 years and older were cross-sectionally surveyed in 2010 and 2012...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
S H Hwang, S G Park
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether depression is associated with periodontal diseases in a representative sample of South Korean adults Methods: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI), conducted in 2014. We included in this study 4328 participants aged over 20 years (1768 males and 2560 females). Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and history of physician-diagnosed depression...
November 24, 2017: Community Dental Health
Tatsuma Nomura, Akira Kamei, Shinya Sugimoto, Jun Oyamada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Endoscopy
Cynthia Lara-Capi, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Fabio Cocco, Peter Lingström, Franklin García-Godoy, Guglielmo Campus
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if, in Mexican adolescents, body weight and caries severity are associated, and if this association differs between rural and urban populations. METHODS: Adolescents from the rural area of Tepancan and the city of Veracruz were enrolled. Caries was recorded using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Oral habits (toothbrushing, flossing, dental check-ups) and dietary patterns (sweets intake) were assessed...
January 11, 2018: International Dental Journal
Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Hussain Shallwani, Hakeem J Shakir, Elad I Levy, Adnan H Siddiqui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Zahra Momeni, Katayoun Sargeran, Reza Yazdani, Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh
Objectives: Oral health is an important aspect of general health and well-being for children. Understanding the viewpoint of mothers about children's oral health provides a basis for the development of interventions to improve oral care and disease prevention. The purpose of this study was to explore the perception of Iranian mothers regarding the oral health of their children. Materials and Methods: This descriptive qualitative study was the first phase of an exploratory mixed method design and collected data from April to May 2015 in Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas, Muhammad Irfan Majeed
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of halitosis and the factors associated with it among dental students and interns in Lahore, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was chosen, and a sample of dental students and interns was collected from seven dental colleges in Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 833 participants were approached in person as convenient sample population. A self-reported questionnaire was administered and informed consent was obtained...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Masao Yoshida, Kohei Takizawa, Sho Suzuki, Yoshiki Koike, Satoru Nonaka, Yasushi Yamasaki, Takeyoshi Minagawa, Chiko Sato, Chihiro Takeuchi, Ko Watanabe, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Takafumi Yano, Kosuke Sudo, Keita Mori, Takuji Gotoda, Hiroyuki Ono
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To clarify whether dental floss clip traction improves the technical outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). METHODS: A superiority, randomized control trial was conducted at 14 institutions across Japan. Patients with single gastric neoplasm meeting the indications of the Japanese guidelines for gastric treatment were enrolled and assigned to receive conventional ESD or dental floss clip traction ESD (DFC-ESD). Randomization was performed according to a computer-generated random sequence with stratification by institution, tumor location, tumor size, and operator experience...
December 9, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Lin-Hua Ge, Zhi-Kai Lin, Qiu-Man Guo, Jing Ni, Jie-Lei Qian, Rong Shu
PURPOSE: To observe and evaluate the status of periodontal disease in young people and the effect of intervention to control the development of periodontal diseases. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-three medical college students were randomly divided into group A (receiving interventions) and group B (no interventions). They were followed up for 3 years. The subjects in group A received oral health education, including selection of the toothbrush, the right way to brush teeth, the use of dental floss and interdental brush...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Jens Axel Frick, Klaus Herkert, Christian Thomas Hoyer, Harald Floss
This paper focuses on the technological characteristics of Keilmesser with a lateral tranchet blow modification on the cutting edge. It examines the underlying technological production of these bifacial objects: this implies the evaluation of their working stage succession, as well as produced forms necessary for the execution of tranchet blow performance. Furthermore, it offers a techno-morphological description of these enigmatic tools. The Keilmesser with tranchet blow and corresponding blanks of tranchet blows from Grotte de la Verpillière I in Germolles (Saône-et-Loire, France) are used as case study...
2017: PloS One
John J Weaver, Ethan M Dobrow, Evelyn K Hsu, Eric J Monroe
A 14-year-old boy presented with several months of increasing abdominal girth and fatigue. Imaging confirmed massive ascites and hepatic congestion secondary to central hepatic venous obstruction. Several large intrahepatic collateral veins were seen draining via caudate and emissary veins. After an unsuccessful attempt at retrograde recanalization utilizing intravascular ultrasound, the right hepatic vein was recanalized in an antegrade fashion by way of a prominent caudate collateral vein, and subsequently stented...
January 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Mirela Kuka, Matteo Iannacone
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are tissue-resident immune cells that surveil the intestine and provide the first line of defense against pathogens. Reporting in Cell, van Konijnenburg et al. (2017) combine high-resolution microscopy and intersectional genetic tools to provide a detailed characterization of IEL dynamics in response to both commensal and pathogenic microorganisms.
November 20, 2017: Developmental Cell
Anish Kaushal, Graham Roche-Nagle, Kong T Tan, Elizabeth Liao, Naomi Eisenberg, George D Oreopoulos, Dheeraj K Rajan
OBJECTIVE: The subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade-retrograde intervention technique has been used to overcome antegrade recanalization failures for peripheral lower limb arterial occlusive disease. There are few outcomes published for this technique and we sought to evaluate outcomes at our institution over a 7-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade-retrograde intervention procedures of infrainguinal occlusive disease from 2009 to 2016...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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