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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691316/efficacy-of-an-unwaxed-dental-floss-impregnated-with-2-chlorhexidine-on-control-of-supragingival-biofilm-a%C3%A2-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Heitor da Silva Lima, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Ricardo Souza Martins, Maria Mônica Studart Mendes Moreira, Rosimary de Sousa Carvalho
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the antiplaque and antigingivitis efficacy of a dental floss impregnated with 2% chlorhexidine digluconate. METHODS: Thirty dental students were randomly divided into three groups (n=10): (a) negative control (NC) group, in which no interproximal cleaning was performed; (b) the positive control (PC) group, which used a standard unwaxed dental floss twice daily; and (c) and the test group, which used a unwaxed dental floss impregnated with 2% chlorhexidine twice daily...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686808/integrating-a-nurse-midwife-led-oral-health-intervention-into-centeringpregnancy-prenatal-care-results-of-a-pilot-study
#2
Sally H Adams, Steven E Gregorich, Sharon S Rising, Margaret Hutchison, Lisa H Chung
INTRODUCTION: National and professional organizations recommend oral health promotion in prenatal care to improve women's oral health. However, few prenatal programs include education about oral health promotion. The objective of this study was to determine if women receiving a brief, low-cost, and sustainable educational intervention entitled CenteringPregnancy Oral Health Promotion had clinically improved oral health compared to women receiving standard CenteringPregnancy care. METHODS: Women attending CenteringPregnancy, a group prenatal care model, at 4 health centers in the San Francisco Bay Area, participated in this nonrandomized controlled pilot study in 2010 to 2011...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679308/impact-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
J D Corrêa, L G A Branco, D C Calderaro, S M S Mendonça, D V Travassos, G A Ferreira, A L Teixeira, L G Abreu, T A Silva
Oral symptoms in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are often unexplored and affect the health-related quality of life. The aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the oral health condition of SLE patients compared to control subjects without rheumatic diseases; (b) to determine the consequences of oral health condition in the quality of life of these two groups. Individuals with SLE ( n = 75) and without SLE ( n = 78) (control group), paired for gender and age, underwent complete oral examination...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675770/oral-complications-at-six-months-after-radiation-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#4
Rajesh V Lalla, Nathaniel Treister, Thomas Sollecito, Brian Schmidt, Lauren L Patton, Kusha Mohammadi, James S Hodges, Michael T Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Examine oral complications 6 months after modern radiation therapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: Prospective multi-center cohort study of HNC patients receiving Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) or more advanced RT. Stimulated whole salivary flow, maximal mouth opening, oral mucositis, oral pain, oral health-related quality of life (OH-QOL), and oral hygiene practices, were measured in 372 subjects pre-RT and 216 at 6 months from start of RT...
July 4, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671506/chronic-periodontal-disease-periodontal-pathogen-colonization-and-an-increased-risk-of-precancerous-gastric-lesions
#5
Jinghua Sun, Min Zhou, Christian R Salazar, Rosemary Hays, Sukhleen Bedi, Yu Chen, Yihong Li
BACKGROUND: The present study assessed the association between periodontal pathogen colonization and the potential risk of developing precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC) in a clinical setting. METHODS: The present study included 35 newly diagnosed patients with PLGC and 70 age-matched individuals without PLGC. A full-mouth intra-oral examination was performed to assess the periodontal conditions. Stimulated whole saliva and pooled plaque samples were collected to evaluate colonization by Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and to characterize the oral microbial diversity in the saliva and dental plaque...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644512/association-of-flossing-interdental-cleaning-and-periodontitis-in-adults
#6
M Soledad Cepeda, Rachel Weinstein, Clair Blacketer, Michael Lynch
AIM: Assess the association of flossing with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) years 2011-2014. We used three categories of flossing: 0-1, 2-4, and ≥5 days in the past week and the CDC definition of periodontitis. We calculated odds ratios controlling for age, gender, smoking, drinking, income, and dentist visits. RESULTS: A total of 6939 adult subjects were included, 35% flossed ≤1 time a week and 40% had periodontitis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642553/effect-of-essential-oil-mouthwashes-on-plaque-and-gingivitis
#7
Derek Richards
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, LILACS and Scopus database.Study selectionStudies were screened independently by three reviewers. Randomised controlled trials with a minimum of six months follow-up of daily use of essential oils-containing (EO) mouthwashes compared with placebo, flossing or cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) as adjuncts to mechanical plaque control were considered.Data extraction and synthesisData were abstracted by two reviewers and study quality assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Dental plaque was summarised using the Turesky modification of the Quigley-Hein Index (QHI), gingivitis using three indices; the Gingival Index (GI) by Loe and Silness, the Modified Gingival Index (MGI) and bleeding upon probing...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638551/effectiveness-of-flossing-loops-in-the-control-of-the-gingival-health
#8
Francisco Azcarate-Velázquez, Roberto Garrido-Serrano, Gabriel Castillo-Dalí, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Alfonso Gañán-Calvo, Daniel Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: One of the key factor in the good condition of periodontal tissues is their daily hygiene. Oral hygiene techniques such brushing and a good interdental hygiene by correct flossing are very important. The aim of this study is to compare the use of dental floss in a loop vs traditional floss in the control of Loe-Silness Gingival Index (IG), Turesky´s Plaque Index (IPT), Gingival Bleeding Index (IS) and the values of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comparative study of 40 patients in which each patient was his own control, using during 45 days each one of the devices (new loop floss and conventional floss) of interdental hygiene analysed...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630278/synthetic-deletion-of-the-interleukin-23-receptor-il-23r-stalk-region-led-to-autonomous-il-23r-homodimerization-and-activation
#9
Thorben M Hummel, Theresa Ackfeld, Marco Schönberg, Gregor Ciupka, Falk Schulz, Anne Oberdoerster, Joachim Grötzinger, Jürgen Scheller, Doreen M Floss
Interleukin 23 (IL-23) regulates the development of TH17 cells, which are important for antimicrobial and antifungal responses, autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. IL-23-induced Jak/STAT signaling is mediated via the heterodimeric IL-23 receptor (IL-23R):IL-12 receptor β1 (IL-12Rβ1) complex. The typical signal-transducing receptor of the IL-6/IL-12 family contains three extracellular membrane proximal FNIII-type domains, which are not involved in cytokine binding but mandatory for signal transduction...
June 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#10
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621268/assessment-of-oral-hygiene-knowledge-practices-and-concepts-of-tobacco-usage-among-engineering-students-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#11
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Lipsa Bhuyan, Abikshyeet Panda, Kailash C Dash, Malvika Raghuvanshi, Shyam S Behura
AIM: This study aimed to assess oral hygiene-related knowledge and practices among engineering students of Bhubaneswar city and also to evaluate the concepts about the side effects of tobacco usage among those students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered, close-ended questionnaire to assess the oral hygiene knowledge and practices and study the concepts on tobacco usage among 362 engineering students of Bhubaneswar city, Odisha, India...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612363/the-effect-of-dental-health-education-on-pregnant-women-s-adherence-with-toothbrushing-and-flossing-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Suad Al Khamis, Koula Asimakopoulou, Tim Newton, Blanaid Daly
OBJECTIVES: In a three-arm randomized control trial, this study compared the efficacy of dental health education (DHE) with or without a planning intervention on adherence to oral health-related behaviours. METHODS: Women (N=154) in their second trimester of pregnancy attending three maternal healthcare clinics in Kuwait completed an assessment of social cognitions and oral health behaviours before a debris and gingival assessment (Plaque Index [PI], Gingival Index [GI]) was undertaken; this was repeated at 1 month...
June 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594914/associations-between-dental-knowledge-source-of-dental-knowledge-and-oral-health-behavior-in-japanese-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Daisuke Ekuni, Shinsuke Mizutani, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Kota Kataoka, Tetsuji Azuma, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita
The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior in a group of students at a university in Japan. A total of 2,220 university students (1,276 males, 944 females) volunteered to undergo an oral examination and answer a questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed dental knowledge, the source of dental knowledge and oral health behavior (e.g., daily frequency of tooth brushing, use of dental floss and regular dental checkups)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544397/efficacy-and-acceptance-of-a-high-velocity-microdroplet-device-for-interdental-cleaning-in-gingivitis-patients-a-monitored-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
I Stauff, Shm Derman, A G Barbe, K C Hoefer, M Bizhang, S Zimmer, M J Noack
OBJECTIVES: To compare in a randomized clinical trial the efficacy of a high-velocity microdroplet device for interdental cleaning vs dental floss at reducing plaque and gingivitis. METHODS: Sixty participants with an irregular interdental home cleaning regime were randomly assigned to use either a microdroplet device (n=40, test) or dental floss (n=20, control) for 4 weeks. At baseline and reassessment, the papilla bleeding index, the modified proximal plaque index and the amount of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) were recorded...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503739/the-bleeding-on-brushing-index-a-novel-index-in-preventive-dentistry
#15
Tobias Rosenauer, Constanze Wagenschwanz, Matthias Kuhn, Anna Kensche, Sandra Stiehl, Christian Hannig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a dichotomous index, based on a special interdental brushing tool, to detect initial pathological processes in interproximal areas. Furthermore, different techniques of interdental hygiene were compared. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) were instructed to clean their teeth using the Bass technique and were randomly assigned to three groups according to the type of interdental cleaning used: group A, use of interdental brushes; group B, no interdental hygiene (the control group); and group C, use of dental floss...
May 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501067/in-defense-of-flossing-can-we-agree-it-s-premature-to-claim-flossing-is-ineffective-to-prevent-dental-caries
#16
EDITORIAL
Lance T Vernon, Jason D Seacat
Current evidence pertaining to the effectiveness of flossing and caries prevention is potentially being misinterpreted by health oversight bodies, which may have significant implications for current and future public flossing guidelines. We identify and discuss several methodological deficiencies, including the lack of validated measures of flossing skill, over-reliance on self-reported flossing behavior, and the lack of current guidelines on how to interpret and apply evidence-based findings to specific clinical scenarios that are present in the studies of flossing effectiveness included in the Cochrane Review...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497662/volatile-sulphur-compounds-in-exhaled-air-of-dental-students-smoking-the-waterpipe-a-nested-case-control-study
#17
Saud F Al-Humaidi, Najla S Dar-Odeh, Ahmad Alnazzawi, Ahmad Kutkut, Malik Hudieb, Osama Abu-Hammad
BACKGROUND: This study aims at investigating a potential adverse effect that waterpipe tobacco smoking may cause by comparing levels of volatile sulphur compounds in exhaled air of male dental students who smoke the waterpipe with those who don't smoke. METHODS: Dental students were categorized into waterpipe smokers and non-smokers. Volatile sulphur compounds were measured using a Halimeter following the completion of questionnaire on smoking and oral hygiene habits and self-perceived halitosis...
May 10, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489936/the-association-of-dietary-vitamin-c-intake-with-periodontitis-among-korean-adults-results-from-knhanes-%C3%A2
#18
Jung-Hoo Lee, Myung-Seop Shin, Eun-Jeong Kim, Yoo-Been Ahn, Hyun-Duck Kim
BACKGROUNDS: The association of dietary vitamin C (vit C) on periodontitis requires more valid evidence from large representative samples to enable sufficient adjustments. This study aimed to evaluate the association between dietary vit C intake and periodontitis after controlling for various confounders in the representative Korean adult population. METHOD: A total of 10,930 Korean adults (≥19 years) from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data set were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480476/the-role-of-free-libre-and-open-source-software-in-learning-health-systems
#19
C Paton, T Karopka
OBJECTIVE: To give an overview of the role of Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) in the context of secondary use of patient data to enable Learning Health Systems (LHSs). METHODS: We conducted an environmental scan of the academic and grey literature utilising the MedFLOSS database of open source systems in healthcare to inform a discussion of the role of open source in developing LHSs that reuse patient data for research and quality improvement. RESULTS: A wide range of FLOSS is identified that contributes to the information technology (IT) infrastructure of LHSs including operating systems, databases, frameworks, interoperability software, and mobile and web apps...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467228/dental-health-dispositions-of-pregnant-women-a-survey-from-a-hospital-clinic-in-istanbul
#20
Ayse Filiz Gokmen Karasu, Nukhet Kutuk, Serdar Aydin, Ilknur Adanir, Seda Ates, Neslihan Bademler
Dental hygienic habits should be maintained in pregnancy despite challenges. We aimed to study the dental attitudes and habits of pregnant women. The patients attending our hospital clinic were invited to fill out a structured questionnaire categorised into three major domains: (1) general oral hygiene status, (2) dental habits, and (3) dental attandence both during pregnancy and prior to pregnancy. Four hundred and seventy four women agreed to participate. Mean age of participants was 28 (18-43). While 184 (38%) women reported brushing twice a day, only 98 (20%) women claimed using floss and or mouth rinse...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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