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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503739/the-bleeding-on-brushing-index-a-novel-index-in-preventive-dentistry
#1
Tobias Rosenauer, Constanze Wagenschwanz, Matthias Kuhn, Anna Kensche, Sandra Stiehl, Christian Hannig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a dichotomous index, based on a special interdental brushing tool, to detect initial pathological processes in interproximal areas. Furthermore, different techniques of interdental hygiene were compared. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) were instructed to clean their teeth using the Bass technique and were randomly assigned to three groups according to the type of interdental cleaning used: group A, use of interdental brushes; group B, no interdental hygiene (the control group); and group C, use of dental floss...
May 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501067/in-defense-of-flossing-can-we-agree-it-s-premature-to-claim-flossing-is-ineffective-to-prevent-dental-caries
#2
EDITORIAL
Lance T Vernon, Jason D Seacat
Current evidence pertaining to the effectiveness of flossing and caries prevention is potentially being misinterpreted by health oversight bodies, which may have significant implications for current and future public flossing guidelines. We identify and discuss several methodological deficiencies, including the lack of validated measures of flossing skill, over-reliance on self-reported flossing behavior, and the lack of current guidelines on how to interpret and apply evidence-based findings to specific clinical scenarios that are present in the studies of flossing effectiveness included in the Cochrane Review...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497662/volatile-sulphur-compounds-in-exhaled-air-of-dental-students-smoking-the-waterpipe-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
Saud F Al-Humaidi, Najla S Dar-Odeh, Ahmad Alnazzawi, Ahmad Kutkut, Malik Hudieb, Osama Abu-Hammad
BACKGROUND: This study aims at investigating a potential adverse effect that waterpipe tobacco smoking may cause by comparing levels of volatile sulphur compounds in exhaled air of male dental students who smoke the waterpipe with those who don't smoke. METHODS: Dental students were categorized into waterpipe smokers and non-smokers. Volatile sulphur compounds were measured using a Halimeter following the completion of questionnaire on smoking and oral hygiene habits and self-perceived halitosis...
May 10, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489936/the-association-of-dietary-vitamin-c-intake-with-periodontitis-among-korean-adults-results-from-knhanes-%C3%A2
#4
Jung-Hoo Lee, Myung-Seop Shin, Eun-Jeong Kim, Yoo-Been Ahn, Hyun-Duck Kim
BACKGROUNDS: The association of dietary vitamin C (vit C) on periodontitis requires more valid evidence from large representative samples to enable sufficient adjustments. This study aimed to evaluate the association between dietary vit C intake and periodontitis after controlling for various confounders in the representative Korean adult population. METHOD: A total of 10,930 Korean adults (≥19 years) from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data set were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480476/the-role-of-free-libre-and-open-source-software-in-learning-health-systems
#5
C Paton, T Karopka
OBJECTIVE: To give an overview of the role of Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) in the context of secondary use of patient data to enable Learning Health Systems (LHSs). METHODS: We conducted an environmental scan of the academic and grey literature utilising the MedFLOSS database of open source systems in healthcare to inform a discussion of the role of open source in developing LHSs that reuse patient data for research and quality improvement. RESULTS: A wide range of FLOSS is identified that contributes to the information technology (IT) infrastructure of LHSs including operating systems, databases, frameworks, interoperability software, and mobile and web apps...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467228/dental-health-dispositions-of-pregnant-women-a-survey-from-a-hospital-clinic-in-istanbul
#6
Ayse Filiz Gokmen Karasu, Nukhet Kutuk, Serdar Aydin, Ilknur Adanir, Seda Ates, Neslihan Bademler
Dental hygienic habits should be maintained in pregnancy despite challenges. We aimed to study the dental attitudes and habits of pregnant women. The patients attending our hospital clinic were invited to fill out a structured questionnaire categorised into three major domains: (1) general oral hygiene status, (2) dental habits, and (3) dental attandence both during pregnancy and prior to pregnancy. Four hundred and seventy four women agreed to participate. Mean age of participants was 28 (18-43). While 184 (38%) women reported brushing twice a day, only 98 (20%) women claimed using floss and or mouth rinse...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449671/effects-of-an-educational-intervention-on-oral-hygiene-and-self-care-among-people-with-mental-illness-in-japan-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Hatsumi Yoshii, Nobutaka Kitamura, Kouhei Akazawa, Hidemitsu Saito
BACKGROUND: The oral hygiene of patients with a mental illness is an important concern in psychiatric care, and it is necessary to increase the level of self-care among these patients. In this study, we administered an oral care questionnaire to people with mental illness in Japan and compared their answers before (baseline) and at 1 week and 1, 3 and 6 months after they participated in an educational program. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 390 patients...
April 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422463/gingival-health-and-plaque-regrowth-response-following-a-four-week-interdental-hygiene-intervention
#8
Anthony Mwatha, Misty Olson, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Wendy Jenkins, Pejmon Amini, John Gallob, Theresa Fafard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of three adjunct interproximal cleaning methods versus a manual toothbrush alone on gingivitis, and demonstrate that the Philips Sonicare AirflossPro™ interproximal (IP) cleaning device provides a similar reduction in gingivitis and plaque compared to string floss. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, parallel-design study was conducted on generally healthy adults exhibiting mild to moderate gingivitis. Eligible subjects were non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with ≥ 0...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407697/cytosolic-hsp90%C3%AE-and-its-mitochondrial-isoform-trap1-are-differentially-required-in-a-breast-cancer-model
#9
Evangelia Vartholomaiou, Marta Madon-Simon, Stéphane Hagmann, Guillaume Mühlebach, Wolfgang Wurst, Thomas Floss, Didier Picard
The Hsp90 family of molecular chaperones includes the cytosolic isoforms Hsp90α and Hsp90β, and the mitochondrial isoform Trap1. Hsp90α/β support a large number of client proteins in the cytoplasm and the nucleus whereas Trap1 regulates oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. Many of the associated proteins and cellular processes are relevant to cancer, and there is ample pharmacological and genetic evidence to support the idea that Hsp90α/β and Trap1 are required for tumorigenesis. However, a direct and comparative genetic test in a mouse cancer model has not been done...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406130/is-the-periodontal-status-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-psoriasis
#10
G Sarac, Y Kapicioglu, S Cayli, A Altas, S Yologlu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory, and hyperproliperative skin disease. It has been known that the infectious agents play a role in triggering and exacerbation of the disease. Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory gum diseases initiated by microorganisms in dental plaques. This study intended to determine the role of periodontal diseases, as chronic infective foci in psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 76 patients, who applied to Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, İnönü University, diagnosed as psoriasis and a control group consisting of 76 dermatologic patients without any systemic disease at similar age and gender were included the study...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392110/a-transcriptional-program-for-arbuscule-degeneration-during-am-symbiosis-is-regulated-by-myb1
#11
Daniela S Floss, S Karen Gomez, Hee-Jin Park, Allyson M MacLean, Lena M Müller, Kishor K Bhattarai, Veronique Lévesque-Tremblay, Ignacio E Maldonado-Mendoza, Maria J Harrison
During the endosymbiosis formed between plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, the root cortical cells are colonized by branched hyphae called arbuscules, which function in nutrient exchange with the plant [1]. Despite their positive function, arbuscules are ephemeral structures, and their development is followed by a degeneration phase, in which the arbuscule and surrounding periarbuscular membrane and matrix gradually disappear from the root cell [2, 3]. Currently, the root cell's role in this process and the underlying regulatory mechanisms are unknown...
April 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376961/abrasion-a-common-dental-problem-revisited
#12
Alex Milosevic
Dental abrasion is most commonly seen at the cervical necks of teeth, but can occur in any area, even inter-dentally from vigorous and incorrect use of dental floss. Acid erosion has been implicated in the initiation and progress of the cervical lesion, while tooth-brush abrasion has long been held as the prime cause of cervical abrasion. Identification of the risk factors is clearly important in order to modify any habits and provide appropriate advice.
February 28, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369902/oral-health-behavior-and-factors-associated-with-poor-oral-status-in-qatar-results-from-a-national-health-survey
#13
Sohaila Cheema, Patrick Maisonneuve, Mohamed Hamad Al-Thani, Al Anoud Mohammed Al-Thani, Amit Abraham, Ghanim Ali Al-Mannai, Abdulla Asad Al-Emadi, Walaa Fattah Al-Chetachi, Badria Ali Almalki, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Ahmad Omar Haj Bakri, Albert Lowenfels, Ravinder Mamtani
OBJECTIVES: Oral health is a crucial determinant of quality of life. We aimed to determine oral health condition and factors associated with poor oral status in the adult national population of Qatar. METHODS: We used data from the World Health Organization supported STEPS (STEPwise approach to Surveillance) Survey conducted by the Supreme Council of Health, Qatar in 2012. A total of 2,496 Qataris (1,053 men, 1,443 women) answered the national survey. The Rao-Scott Chi-Square test was used to analyze oral health characteristics and multinomial logistic regression to assess risk factors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369398/oral-streptococcal-endocarditis-oral-hygiene-habits-and-recent-dental-procedures-a-case-control-study
#14
Xavier Duval, Sarah Millot, Catherine Chirouze, Christine Selton-Suty, Vanessa Moby, Pierre Tattevin, Christophe Strady, Edouard Euvrard, Nelly Agrinier, Daniel Thomas, Bruno Hoen, François Alla
Aims: To compare oral hygiene habits, oro-dental status, and dental procedures in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) according to whether the IE-causing microorganism originated in the oral cavity. Methods: We conducted an assessor-blinded case-control study in 6 French tertiary-care hospitals. Oral hygiene habits were recorded using a self-administered questionnaire. Oro-dental status was analysed by trained dental practitioners blinded to the microorganism, using standardized clinical examination and dental panoramic tomography...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366060/novel-balloon-and-aspiration-method-for-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-dental-floss-technique
#15
Yoshikazu Matsuda, Hideo Okada, Joonho Chung, R Webster Crowley, Demetrius K Lopes
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is sometimes fatal. The standard treatment for sinus thrombosis is anticoagulation, but endovascular intervention must be considered when medical treatment fails. Mechanical thrombectomy is usually required when a large clot burden exits. Unfortunately, in sinus thrombosis attributable to a clot burden larger than that in an intracranial artery, the conventional technique used for intraarterial acute stroke intervention with a stent retriever and/or aspiration is not very effective...
April 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363952/cd73-derived-adenosine-and-tenascin-c-control-cytokine-production-by-epicardium-derived-cells-formed-after-myocardial-infarction
#16
Julia Hesse, Stella Leberling, Elisabeth Boden, Daniela Friebe, Timo Schmidt, Zhaoping Ding, Peter Dieterich, Andreas Deussen, Claudia Roderigo, Christine R Rose, Doreen M Floss, Jürgen Scheller, Jürgen Schrader
Epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) play a fundamental role in embryonic cardiac development and are reactivated in the adult heart in response to myocardial infarction (MI). In this study, EPDCs from post-MI rat hearts highly expressed the ectoenzyme CD73 and secreted the profibrotic matricellular protein tenascin-C (TNC). CD73 on EPDCs extensively generated adenosine from both extracellular ATP and NAD. This in turn stimulated the release of additional nucleotides from a Brefeldin A-sensitive intracellular pool via adenosine-A2BR signaling, forming a positive-feedback loop...
March 31, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362061/chlorhexidine-mouthrinse-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-gingival-health
#17
REVIEW
Patrice James, Helen V Worthington, Carmel Parnell, Mairead Harding, Thomas Lamont, Andrea Cheung, Helen Whelton, Philip Riley
BACKGROUND: Dental plaque associated gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition caused by accumulation and persistence of microbial biofilms (dental plaque) on the teeth. It is characterised by redness and swelling of the gingivae (gums) and a tendency for the gingivae to bleed easily. In susceptible individuals, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis and loss of the soft tissue and bony support for the tooth. It is thought that chlorhexidine mouthrinse may reduce the build-up of plaque thereby reducing gingivitis...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360899/members-of-the-oral-microbiota-are-associated-with-il-8-release-by-gingival-epithelial-cells-in-healthy-individuals
#18
Katharina Schueller, Alessandra Riva, Stefanie Pfeiffer, David Berry, Veronika Somoza
The triggers for the onset of oral diseases are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the oral bacterial community in healthy humans and its association with nutrition, oral hygiene habits, and the release of the inflammatory marker IL-8 from gingival epithelial cells (GECs) with and without stimulation by bacterial endotoxins to identify possible indicator operational taxonomic units (OTUs) associated with inflammatory marker status. GECs from 21 healthy participants (13 females, 8 males) were incubated with or without addition of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPSs), and the oral microbiota was profiled using 16S rRNA gene-targeted sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359794/multilayered-parallel-endografting-for-urgent-endovascular-repair-of-a-severely-angulated-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#19
Sukgu M Han, Sarah Wartman, Sung W Ham, Eric C Kuo, Vincent L Rowe, Fred A Weaver
Total endovascular repair of TAAA using branched, fenestrated stent grafts have been performed with promising midterm results. However, severe angulation of the aorta as well as close proximity of the visceral and renal artery ostia pose a significant technical challenge in designing and implanting branched, fenestrated stent grafts. Parallel grafting offers an alternative technique, allowing an urgent, or emergent total endovascular repair of symptomatic, or ruptured TAAA. We describe a technique of 4-vessel incorporation in a total endovascular repair of TAAA, using multilayered parallel endografting via bilateral femoral and unilateral brachial access...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280509/self-reported-halitosis-in-relation-to-oral-hygiene-practices-oral-health-status-general-health-problems-and-multifactorial-characteristics-among-workers-in-ilala-and-temeke-municipals-tanzania
#20
C M Kayombo, E G Mumghamba
Aim. To assess self-reported halitosis, oral hygiene practices, oral health conditions, general health problems, sociodemographic factors, and behavioural and psychological characteristics among workers in Ilala and Temeke municipals. Materials and Methods. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Four hundred workers were recruited using a self-administered structured questionnaire. Results. Self-reported tooth brushing practice was 100%, tongue cleaning 58.5%, dental flossing 4.3%, gum bleeding on tooth brushing 79...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
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