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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161588/intestinal-flossing-keeps-pathogens-at-bay
#1
Mirela Kuka, Matteo Iannacone
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are tissue-resident immune cells that surveil the intestine and provide the first line of defense against pathogens. Reporting in Cell, van Konijnenburg et al. (2017) combine high-resolution microscopy and intersectional genetic tools to provide a detailed characterization of IEL dynamics in response to both commensal and pathogenic microorganisms.
November 20, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153533/outcomes-at-a-single-center-after-subintimal-arterial-flossing-with-antegrade-retrograde-intervention-for-critical-limb-ischemia
#2
Anish Kaushal, Graham Roche-Nagle, Kong T Tan, Elizabeth Liao, Naomi Eisenberg, George D Oreopoulos, Dheeraj K Rajan
OBJECTIVE: The subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade-retrograde intervention technique has been used to overcome antegrade recanalization failures for peripheral lower limb arterial occlusive disease. There are few outcomes published for this technique and we sought to evaluate outcomes at our institution over a 7-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade-retrograde intervention procedures of infrainguinal occlusive disease from 2009 to 2016...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124950/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-periodontitis-and-intra-oral-lesions-in-individuals-with-hiv-aids
#3
Anderson Jambeiro de Souza, Isaac Suzart Gomes-Filho, Carlos Alberto Lima da Silva, Johelle de Santana Passos-Soares, Simone Seixas da Cruz, Soraya Castro Trindade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Yvonne de Paiva Buischi, Gregory J Seymour, Eneida de Moraes Marcílio Cerqueira
This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with oral diseases in individuals with HIV/AIDS. A cross sectional study was carried out which included 312 individuals registered in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in three municipalities of the State of Bahia: Feira de Santana, Santo Antonio de Jesus and Juazeiro, Brazil. Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics related to life style and to dental caries, periodontitis and intra-oral mucosal lesions were investigated in patients with HIV/AIDS infection...
November 10, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123149/il-6-il-12-cytokine-receptor-shuffling-of-extra-and-intracellular-domains-reveals-canonical-stat-activation-via-synthetic-il-35-and-il-39-signaling
#4
D M Floss, M Schönberg, M Franke, F C Horstmeier, E Engelowski, A Schneider, E M Rosenfeldt, J Scheller
IL-35 and IL-39 are recently discovered shared members of the IL-6- and IL-12-type cytokine family with immune-suppressive capacity. IL-35 has been reported to induce the formation of four different receptor complexes: gp130:IL-12β2, gp130:gp130, IL-12β2:IL-12β2, and IL-12β2:WSX-1. IL-39 was proposed to form a gp130:IL-23R receptor complex. IL-35, but not IL-39, has been reported to activate non-conventional STAT signaling, depending on the receptor complex and target cell. Analyses of IL-35 and IL-39 are, however, hampered by the lack of biologically active recombinant IL-35 and IL-39 proteins...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110635/a-modified-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-a-superficial-hypopharyngeal-cancer-a-case-report-and-technical-discussion
#5
Lianjun Di, Kuang-I Fu, Rui Xie, Xinglong Wu, Youfeng Li, Huichao Wu, Biguang Tuo
BACKGROUND: Adequate working space and a clear view for the dissected lesion are crucial for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Pharyngeal ESD requires that an otorhinolaryngologist creates working space by lifting the larynx with a curved laryngoscope. However, many countries do not have this kind of curved laryngoscope, and the devices could interfere with endoscope because of the narrow space of the pharynx. To overcome these issues, we used a transparent hood (Elastic Touch, slit and hole type, M (long), Top company, Tokyo Japan) instead of the curved laryngoscope to create adequate working space by pushing the larynx, and pharyngeal ESD could be done by gastroenterologists...
November 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049795/establishing-stable-innominate-access-by-inserting-a-body-floss-wire-from-the-brachial-artery-to-the-femoral-artery-facilitates-right-carotid-artery-stenting-in-type-iii-arch-anatomy
#6
Ming-Jen Kuo, Po-Lin Chen, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
OBJECTIVES: In patients with severe carotid artery stenosis, the anatomy of their Type III aortic arch increases the difficulty and complication rates during carotid artery stenting because of its tortuosity and sharp angulation for cannulation as well as the unstable support of the guidewire for shuttle sheath delivery. METHODS: We demonstrate a novel technique to overcome these challenges, namely the creation of stable innominate artery access by inserting a through-and-through body floss wire from the right brachial artery to the femoral artery...
August 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024454/disclosure-of-personalized-rheumatoid-arthritis-risk-using-genetics-biomarkers-and-lifestyle-factors-to-motivate-health-behavior-improvements-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeffrey A Sparks, Maura D Iversen, Zhi Yu, Nellie A Triedman, Maria G Prado, Rachel Miller Kroouze, Sarah S Kalia, Michael L Atkinson, Elinor A Mody, Simon M Helfgott, Derrick J Todd, Paul F Dellaripa, Bonnie L Bermas, Karen H Costenbader, Kevin D Deane, Bing Lu, Robert C Green, Elizabeth W Karlson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of disclosure of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk personalized with genetics, biomarkers, and lifestyle factors on health behavior intentions. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial among first-degree relatives without RA. Subjects assigned to the Personalized Risk Estimator for RA (PRE-RA) group received the web-based PRE-RA tool for RA risk factor education and disclosure of personalized RA risk estimates including genotype/autoantibody results and behaviors (n=158)...
October 12, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993381/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-fewer-than-20-remaining-teeth-in-taiwanese-adults-with-disabilities-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Mei-Yu Pan, Tsung-Cheng Hsieh, Hung-Cheng Tai, Ming-Shyan Lin, Yu-Chen Lin, Mei-Yen Chen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of and the factors associated with a number of remaining teeth (NRT) <20 among adults with disabilities. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: This study was part of a health promotion programme designed for community-dwelling adults with disabilities. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 549 adults with disabilities, aged 20-80 years, living in the community in Chiayi County in Taiwan...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990122/efficacy-of-resin-infiltration-of-proximal-caries-in-primary-molars-1-year-follow-up-of-a-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Michelle Mikhael Ammari, R C Jorge, I P R Souza, V M Soviero
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this split month, randomized, controlled clinical trial was evaluate the efficacy of caries infiltration in controlling the progression of non-cavitated proximal lesions in primary molars. Anxiety and time required for the caries infiltration was also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty healthy children, 5 to 9 years, presenting two primary molars with proximal caries lesions (1/2 of the enamel or outer 1/3 of dentin), were included...
October 8, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971569/interdental-plaque-reduction-after-use-of-different-devices-in-young-subjects-with-intact-papilla-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
F Graziani, A Palazzolo, S Gennai, D Karapetsa, M R Giuca, S Cei, N Filice, M Petrini, M Nisi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of 4 different oral hygiene regimens involving adjunctive interdental cleaning devices in unsupervised young subjects with intact interdental papilla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty periodontally healthy subjects were randomly allocated to 4 groups following different oral hygiene regimens (T-7): use of manual toothbrush alone; manual toothbrush plus dental floss; manual toothbrush plus interdental brushes; and manual toothbrush plus rubber interdental picks...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965115/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-for-satisfaction-in-patients-with-improved-lithium-disilicate-all-ceramic-crowns
#11
Mazin Samer, Fawaz AlQahtani, Sami AlDubai, Hadijah Abdullah, Tara Taiyeb-Ali, Fahim Vohra, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and predictors of satisfaction in patients with lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic crowns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were assessed in 47 patients with 88 LD crowns using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation (USPHS) criteria and survival rates. The questionnaire for predictors included three aspects; a) socio-demographic characteristics; b) oral health habits (tooth brushing frequency, flossing frequency, and dental visits) and c) satisfaction of the restorations (aesthetics, function, fit, cleans ability and chewing ability of the crowns and overall satisfaction)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955579/oral-hygiene-habits-and-oral-health-status-of-female-adolescents-under-state-protection-a-pilot-study
#12
Cenker Zeki Koyuncuoglu, Magrur Kazak, Ferda Pamuk, Emine Cifcibasi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate oral health status and oral hygiene practices of female adolescents under state protection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five female participants between the age of 12 and 18 who are under the care of The Child Protection Institution were included in this study. Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain information regarding knowledge of oral health and habits. Dental caries status was scored according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO), using the indices of Decayed (D), Missing (M), Filled (F), Surfaces (S) (DMFS)...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950149/tissue-flossing-on-ankle-range-of-motion-jump-and-sprint-performance-a-follow-up-study
#13
Matthew Driller, Kelsi Mackay, Blair Mills, Francisco Tavares
OBJECTIVES: Previous results from our laboratory suggest that band flossing results in increased ankle range of motion (ROM) and jump performance 5-min following application. However, the time-course of such benefits is yet to be examined. DESIGN: Parallel group design. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 69 recreational athletes (32 male/37 female). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants performed a weight-bearing lunge test (WBLT), a counter-movement jump (CMJ) and a 15 m sprint test (SPRINT) pre and up to 45-min post application of a floss band to both ankles (FLOSS) or without flossing of the ankle joints (CON)...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944126/oral-hygiene-practices-and-teeth-cleaning-techniques-among-medical-students
#14
Sajida Naseem, Syeda H Fatima, Haider Ghazanfar, Sana Haq, Najeeb A Khan, Moeez Mehmood, Ali Ghazanfar
Objectives Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infections and sores, periodontal disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual's capacity to bite, chew, smile, and speak; it affects psychosocial well-being too. The objective of our study was to assess teeth cleaning techniques and oral hygiene practices among medical students. Methods The data of the study were collected in two stages...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931305/dental-flossing-and-automaticity-a-longitudinal-moderated-mediation-analysis
#15
Kyra Hamilton, Sheina Orbell, Mikaela Bonham, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
We investigated the role of normative support, behavioural automaticity, and action control in predicting dental flossing behaviour. Between May and October 2015, 629 Australian young adults completed a questionnaire assessing constructs of normative support and automaticity, and a 2-week follow-up of dental flossing behaviour and action control, resulting in n = 241 persons for longitudinal analysis. Findings supported the hypotheses that the effect of normative support on behaviour would be mediated via automaticity, and the effect of automaticity would be moderated by action control...
September 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911982/upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancer-and-oral-health-status-before-radiotherapy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-154-patients
#16
A Raskin, M Ruquet, L Weiss-Pelletier, J Mancini, O Boulogne, J Michel, N Fakhry, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, R Giorgi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) Index and periodontal status. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four patients, mean age 60.9years, were included...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898823/highly-porous-carbon-from-a-natural-cellulose-fiber-as-high-efficiency-sorbent-for-lead-in-waste-water
#17
Manikandan Ilangovan, Vijaykumar Guna, Sharon Olivera, Ashwini Ravi, H B Muralidhara, M S Santosh, Narendra Reddy
The persistence of hollow centre in the carbon obtained from milkweed floss provides exceptional sorption characteristics, not seen in common biomasses or their derivatives. A considerably high sorption of 320mg of lead per gram of milkweed carbon was achieved without any chemical modification to the biomass. In this research, we have carbonized milkweed floss and used the carbon as a sorbent for lead in waste water. A high surface area of 170m(2)g(-1) and pore volume of 1.07cm(3)g(-1) was seen in the carbon...
December 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865821/as-an-adjunct-to-mechanical-oral-hygiene-essential-oil-containing-mouthwash-compared-to-floss-cetylpryidinium-chloride-or-placebo-may-be-more-effective-in-reduction-of%C3%A2-plaque-and-gingitivitis
#18
Terri Tilliss, Clifton M Carey
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Essential oils-containing mouthwashes for gingivitis and plaque: Meta-analysis and meta-regression. Haas AN, Wagner TP, Muniz FWMG, Fiorini T, Cavagni J, Celeste, RK. J Dent 2016;55:7-15. SOURCE OF FUNDING: No specific funding for this systematic review TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Meta-analysis and meta-regression.
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865811/in-defense-of-flossing-part-ii-can-we-agree-it-s-premature-to-claim-flossing-is-ineffective-to-help-prevent-periodontal-diseases
#19
EDITORIAL
Lance T Vernon, Andre Paes B Da Silva, Jason D Seacat
Periodontal diseases are complex, multifactorial disorders. Effective daily plaque control promotes gingival/periodontal health. Recent meta-analyses and other reviews have found inconclusive evidence to support that tooth flossing promotes gingival/periodontal health. Ideally, the claim should have been that, "at present, we do not have high-quality evidence from well-designed randomized clinical trials to determine whether flossing lowers the risk for periodontal diseases." Rather than "not proven to be effective," the lay public may now think that flossing is "almost entirely unhelpful and/or unnecessary...
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855793/the-use-of-compression-tack-and-flossing-along-with-lacrosse-ball-massage-to-treat-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-adolescent-athlete-a-case-report
#20
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
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