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A Raskin, M Ruquet, L Weiss-Pelletier, J Mancini, O Boulogne, J Michel, N Fakhry, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, R Giorgi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) index and periodontal status. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four patients, mean age 60.9 years, were included...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Manikandan Ilangovan, Vijaykumar Guna, Sharon Olivera, Ashwini Ravi, H B Muralidhara, M S Santosh, Narendra Reddy
The persistence of hollow centre in the carbon obtained from milkweed floss provides exceptional sorption characteristics, not seen in common biomasses or their derivatives. A considerably high sorption of 320mg of lead per gram of milkweed carbon was achieved without any chemical modification to the biomass. In this research, we have carbonized milkweed floss and used the carbon as a sorbent for lead in waste water. A high surface area of 170m(2)g(-1) and pore volume of 1.07cm(3)g(-1) was seen in the carbon...
August 24, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Terri Tilliss, Clifton M Carey
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Essential oils-containing mouthwashes for gingivitis and plaque: Meta-analysis and meta-regression. Haas AN, Wagner TP, Muniz FWMG, Fiorini T, Cavagni J, Celeste, RK. J Dent 2016;55:7-15. SOURCE OF FUNDING: No specific funding for this systematic review TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Meta-analysis and meta-regression.
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Lance T Vernon, Andre Paes B Da Silva, Jason D Seacat
Periodontal diseases are complex, multifactorial disorders. Effective daily plaque control promotes gingival/periodontal health. Recent meta-analyses and other reviews have found inconclusive evidence to support that tooth flossing promotes gingival/periodontal health. Ideally, the claim should have been that, "at present, we do not have high-quality evidence from well-designed randomized clinical trials to determine whether flossing lowers the risk for periodontal diseases." Rather than "not proven to be effective," the lay public may now think that flossing is "almost entirely unhelpful and/or unnecessary...
September 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
M Ghaffari, S Rakhshanderou, A Ramezankhani, M Noroozi, B Armoon
OBJECTIVES: Oral Health Education and Promotion Interventions (OHEPIs) focus on improving knowledge, to adopt favourable oral health behaviours that can enhance oral health and clinical oral health. However, no meta-analyses exist that evaluate the effectiveness of OHEPI programmes. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of oral health education and promotion programmes. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and ScienceDirect databases from years 2000 to 2016 were searched...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Chung-Chih Yu, Yu-Ray Chen, James Cheng-Yi Lin
Coincidence of facial and dental midlines is one of the important goals in orthognathic-orthodontic treatment to achieve optimum facial aesthetics and good occlusal functions. Tools assisting diagnosis of facial midline are usually ruler or dental floss. These tools are usually hand held and hinder the global sight required in facial evaluation. Line laser device projects a steady narrow laser line and is commonly used in construction and carpentry to replace traditional chalk line tool. The authors take the advantages of line laser and incorporate it into facial evaluation in the authors' practice of single-splint orthognathic surgery...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
M Ghaffari, S Rakhshanderou, A Ramezankhani, Yab Buunk-Werkhoven, M Noroozi, B Armoon
OBJECTIVE: It is estimated that about 20%-25% of the world's population are suffering from periodontal diseases or severe gum diseases. This requires appropriate interventions. For the development of effective and evidence-based programmes tailored to the target group, the aim of this review was to survey to the effectiveness of oral health education and promotion interventions in the relevant groups of people. METHODS: The electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science and Cochrane Library were searched for English language studies between 2010 and (January-December) 2016...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
H S Luís, L S Luís, M Bernardo, Nr Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of an essential oils mouth rinse and dental floss on dental plaque accumulation and gingivitis in interproximal areas. METHODS: With informed consent, a parallel randomized controlled clinical trial was developed with 60 third-year dental hygiene students, randomly divided into two non-blind groups of 30 individuals each. For a period of 2 weeks, one group used an essential oils mouth rinse, according to manufacturer's instructions, and the other group flossed twice a day...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Desirée Sant'Ana Haikal, Luana Leal Roberto, Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
This study aimed to analyze the validity of self-perceived dental caries and associated factors in a sample of 795 adults (35-44 years). The dependent variable was self-perceived dental caries, and the independent variables were combined in blocks. Three logistic models were performed: (1) all adults; (2) adults with a formal diagnosis of caries; and (3) adults without such caries. Self-perceived dental caries showed 77.7% sensitivity, 58% specificity, 65% accuracy, 52% positive predictive value, and 81% negative predictive value...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Patrick L Hill, Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson
Having a purpose in life has been consistently linked to subjective and objective health markers. Using data from the Hawaii Study of Personality and Health ( n = 749, Mage = 60.1 years), we tested multiple health behaviors as unique mediators of the correlation between sense of purpose and self-rated health ( r = .29). Correlational analyses found that participants' sense of purpose was positively associated with their reports of vigorous and moderate activity, vegetable intake, flossing, and sleep quality...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Hadeel Mohammed Abbood, George Cherukara, Ejaz Pathan, Tatiana V Macfarlane
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the link between self-reported oral health and arthritis in the Scottish population using data from the Scottish Health Survey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were available from 2008 to 2013 on self-reported arthritis, oral health conditions and oral hygiene habits from the Scottish Health Survey. Arthritis was defined in this survey by self-reported long standing illness, those who reported having arthritis, rheumatism and/or fibrositis...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
Najla S Dar-Odeh, Fatimah Ali Aleithan, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Shaden O Abu-Hammad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
Objective This study aims at investigating factors affecting oral health patterns, attitudes and health risk behaviors among female university students. Methods An online questionnaire was distributed to female university students in Al Madinah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Students were requested to answer questions on demographic data, oral hygiene practices, dental attendance, smoking history, practice of sports and body weight and height. Results Two hundred and fourteen students participated with age range of 18-31 years (mean = 21...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Gerhild Knöfler, Katrin Friedl, Sylvia Fresmann, Rainer F Mausberg, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey-based cross-sectional study was to analyse the oral health behaviour of dental professionals and persons without professional dental knowledge (layperson group) regarding the use and selection of tools for their personal dental hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 356 persons participated in the survey (dental professional group: 160; layperson group: 196). Information regarding dental hygiene habits, such as toothbrush use, toothbrushing habits, and the use of additional dental hygiene tools was determined using a standardised questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Marília Jesus Batista, Herenia Procopio Lawrence, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between critical and communicative oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health outcomes (status, oral health-related quality of life and practices) in adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined a household probability sample of 248 adults, representing 149,635 residents (20-64 years old) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. Clinical oral health and socioeconomic and demographic data, as well as data on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and health practices were collected...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
Wan-Chi Chiang, Emily Ling-Lin Pai, Po-Lin Chen, Chun-Che Shih, I-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: To demonstrate an ascending aortic tuberculosis pseudoaneurysm successfully treated with endografts under assistance of trans-apical body floss wiring technique and rapid ventricular pacing support. METHOD AND RESULT: A 77-year-old woman with a non-healing anteromedial chest wound presented with sudden hypotension and hemoptysis. The computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 9-cm-diameter pseudoaneurysm of ascending aorta, with sternal erosion close to the wound...
July 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Heitor da Silva Lima, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Ricardo Souza Martins, Maria Mônica Studart Mendes Moreira, Rosimary de Sousa Carvalho
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the antiplaque and antigingivitis efficacy of a dental floss impregnated with 2% chlorhexidine digluconate. METHODS: Thirty dental students were randomly divided into three groups (n=10): (a) negative control (NC) group, in which no interproximal cleaning was performed; (b) the positive control (PC) group, which used a standard unwaxed dental floss twice daily; and (c) and the test group, which used a unwaxed dental floss impregnated with 2% chlorhexidine twice daily...
July 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Sally H Adams, Steven E Gregorich, Sharon S Rising, Margaret Hutchison, Lisa H Chung
INTRODUCTION: National and professional organizations recommend oral health promotion in prenatal care to improve women's oral health. However, few prenatal programs include education about oral health promotion. The objective of this study was to determine if women receiving a brief, low-cost, and sustainable educational intervention entitled CenteringPregnancy Oral Health Promotion had clinically improved oral health compared to women receiving standard CenteringPregnancy care. METHODS: Women attending CenteringPregnancy, a group prenatal care model, at 4 health centers in the San Francisco Bay Area, participated in this nonrandomized controlled pilot study in 2010 to 2011...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
J D Corrêa, L G A Branco, D C Calderaro, S M S Mendonça, D V Travassos, G A Ferreira, A L Teixeira, L G Abreu, T A Silva
Oral symptoms in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are often unexplored and affect the health-related quality of life. The aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the oral health condition of SLE patients compared to control subjects without rheumatic diseases; (b) to determine the consequences of oral health condition in the quality of life of these two groups. Individuals with SLE ( n = 75) and without SLE ( n = 78) (control group), paired for gender and age, underwent complete oral examination...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
R V Lalla, N Treister, T Sollecito, B Schmidt, L L Patton, K Mohammadi, J S Hodges, M T Brennan
OBJECTIVE: To examine oral complications 6 months after modern radiation therapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort study of patients with HNC receiving intensity-modulated radiation therapy or more advanced RT. Stimulated whole salivary flow, maximal mouth opening, oral mucositis, oral pain, oral health-related quality of life (OH-QOL), and oral hygiene practices were measured in 372 subjects pre-RT and 216 subjects at 6 months from the start of RT...
July 4, 2017: Oral Diseases
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