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Cornelius Borck
A recent paper famously accused the rising field of social neuroscience of using faulty statistics under the catchy title 'Voodoo Correlations in Social Neuroscience'. This Special Issue invites us to take this claim as the starting point for a cross-cultural analysis: in which meaningful ways can recent research in the burgeoning field of functional imaging be described as, contrasted with, or simply compared to animistic practices? And what light does such a reading shed on the dynamics and effectiveness of a century of brain research into higher mental functions? Reviewing the heated debate from 2009 around recent trends in neuroimaging as a possible candidate for current instances of 'soul catching', the paper will then compare these forms of primarily image-based brain research with older regimes, revolving around the deciphering of the brain's electrical activity...
July 2016: Medical History
Randy J McCarthy, Julie L Crouch, Ariel R Basham, Joel S Milner, John J Skowronski
OBJECTIVE: Six studies (N = 1,081 general population parents) assessed the validity of the Voodoo Doll Task (VDT) as a proxy for aggressive parenting behaviors. METHODS: Participants were given an opportunity to symbolically inflict harm by choosing to stick "pins" into a doll representing their child. RESULTS: Individual differences in parents' trait aggression (Studies 1, 2, and 6), state hostility (Study 3), attitudes towards the corporal punishment of children (Study 4), self-control (Study 6), depression (Study 6), and child physical abuse risk (Study 6) were associated with increased pin usage...
January 1, 2016: Psychology of Violence
Judite Blanc, Guitele J Rahill, Stéphanie Laconi, Yoram Mouchenik
BACKGROUND: This study examines relationships between religious beliefs regarding the origin of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti and posttraumatic symptomatology as well as depressive symptoms and resilience among its survivors. METHOD: We used convenient sampling to recruit participants (n=167). They completed six scales, which had been translated into Haitian Creole, including measures such as the Earthquake Experiences Exposure (EEE), the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI), the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experience Questionnaire (PDEQ), the PTSD Checklist (PTSD-CL), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD- RISC) RESULTS: Among our participants, 51% were male, (mean age=30...
January 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Richard P Petri
Background: The field of integrative health and healing (IH2) is emerging out of the dark recesses of "voodoo" stereotypes and into the light as a new and much needed health care paradigm. It is a philosophy of health and healing that seeks to place patients as the preeminent players in health management, disease prevention, and injury recovery. There is an emphasis of patient responsibility, which includes a holistic approach that merges allopathic with complementary medicine. Objective: The aim of this article is to explore the historical origins of integrative medicine and investigate the future role of the IH2 paradigm...
October 1, 2015: Medical Acupuncture
Klaus Fiedler
A recent set of articles in Perspectives on Psychological Science discussed inflated correlations between brain measures and behavioral criteria when measurement points (voxels) are deliberately selected to maximize criterion correlations (the target article was Vul, Harris, Winkielman, & Pashler, 2009). However, closer inspection reveals that this problem is only a special symptom of a broader methodological problem that characterizes all paradigmatic research, not just neuroscience. Researchers not only select voxels to inflate effect size, they also select stimuli, task settings, favorable boundary conditions, dependent variables and independent variables, treatment levels, moderators, mediators, and multiple parameter settings in such a way that empirical phenomena become maximally visible and stable...
March 2011: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Ed Diener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2010: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Matthew D Lieberman, Elliot T Berkman, Tor D Wager
Vul, Harris, Winkielman, and Pashler (2009), (this issue) claim that many brain-personality correlations in fMRI studies are "likely … spurious" (p. 274), and "should not be believed" (p. 285). Several of their conclusions are incorrect. First, they incorrectly claim that whole-brain regressions use an invalid and "nonindependent" two-step inferential procedure, a determination based on a survey sent to researchers that only included nondiagnostic questions about the descriptive process of plotting one's data...
May 2009: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
E H M Minkenberg, J D Blom
A 26-year-old woman from the island of Aruba who had been living in the Netherlands for ten years felt she was misunderstood by the various health professionals she had consulted because of her fear that she was being poisoned and would soon die. Due to her background en her belief in brua, she attributed her symptoms and her illness to 'voodoo', allegedly practiced by members of her husband's family in connection with relationship problems. A culture-sensitive approach to the patient, along with thorough psychiatric and neurological tests, yielded a surprising result...
2015: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Justin L Poklis, Carl E Wolf, Omar I ElJordi, Kai Liu, Shijun Zhang, Alphonse Poklis
In recent years, a large number of designer drugs sold as "Bath Salts" have appeared on the market. In July of 2011, Raving Dragon Novelty Bath Salts was obtained over the Internet. This product became unavailable in October of that year coinciding with the DEA issuing a temporarily schedule of mephedrone, methylone, and MDPV. Four months later in February of 2012, a new product was released from the same company under the new name Raving Dragon Voodoo Dust. The contents of both products were identified using spectroscopy methods: nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared, UV-visible, tandem mass spectrometry, and high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
January 2015: Journal of Forensic Sciences
André P Boezaart, Yury Zasimovich, Hari K Parvataneni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Peter B Olaitan, Victoria Odesina, Samuel Ademola, Solomon O Fadiora, Odunayo M Oluwatosin, Ernst J Reichenberger
BACKGROUND: More involvement of sub-Saharan African countries in biomedical studies, specifically in genetic research, is needed to advance individualized medicine that will benefit non-European populations. Missing infrastructure, cultural and religious beliefs as well as lack of understanding of research benefits can pose a challenge to recruitment. Here we describe recruitment efforts for a large genetic study requiring three-generation pedigrees within the Yoruba homelands of Nigeria...
2014: BMC Medical Ethics
J D Rosenblatt, Y Benjamini
The problem of "voodoo" correlations-exceptionally high observed correlations in selected regions of the brain-is well recognized in neuroimaging. It arises when quantities of interest are estimated from the same data that was used to select them as interesting. In statistical terminology, the problem of inference following selection from the same data is that of selective inference. Motivated by the unwelcome side-effects of splitting the data- the recommended remedy-we adapt the recent developments in selective inference in order to construct confidence intervals (CIs) with good reproducibility prospects, even if selection and estimation are done with the same data...
December 2014: NeuroImage
Cheryl M McCormick
The author comments on the (mis?)portrayal of her research in an article by Brand and Bradley (2012).
January 2013: Journal of General Psychology
Andrew Brand, Michael T Bradley
A Monte-Carlo simulation was conducted to assess the extent that a correlation estimate can be inflated when an average-based measure is used in a commonly employed correlational design. The results from the simulation reveal that the inflation of the correlation estimate can be substantial, up to 76%. Additionally, data was re-analyzed from two previously published studies to determine the extent that the correlation estimate was inflated due to the use of an averaged based measure. The re-analyses reveal that correlation estimates had been inflated by just over 50% in both studies...
October 2012: Journal of General Psychology
Brad J Bushman, C Nathan Dewall, Richard S Pond, Michael D Hanus
Intimate partner violence affects millions of people globally. One possible contributing factor is poor self-control. Self-control requires energy, part of which is provided by glucose. For 21 days, glucose levels were measured in 107 married couples. To measure aggressive impulses, each evening participants stuck between 0 and 51 pins into a voodoo doll that represented their spouse, depending how angry they were with their spouse. To measure aggression, participants competed against their spouse on a 25-trial task in which the winner blasted the loser with loud noise through headphones...
April 29, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Frederic Libersat, Ram Gal
The parasitoid Jewel Wasp uses cockroaches as a live food supply for its developing larvae. The adult wasp uses mechanoreceptors on its stinger to locate the host's cerebral ganglia and injects venom directly into the cockroach's "brain," namely in the subesophageal ganglion and in and around the central complex in the supraesophageal ganglion. As a result, the cockroach first engages in continuous grooming for roughly 30 min. Dopamine identified in the wasp's venom is likely to cause this grooming, as injecting a dopamine-receptor antagonist into the cockroach hemolymph prior to a wasp's sting greatly reduced the venom-induced, excessive grooming...
July 2014: Integrative and Comparative Biology
P Farmer
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Haiti has often been referred to as a "mystery," and "striking similarities" between patterns of disease in Haiti and in sub-Saharan Africa are often underlined. The occurrence of AIDS in Haitians has also led to the postulation of a number of theories positing a Haitian origin for AIDS and linking the syndrome in Haitians to voodoo. A review of the epidemiological data gathered and published in the early years of the pandemic suggests that these "exotic" theories are not necessary to explain the Haitian epidemic, which is clearly linked not to Africa but to the United States...
December 1990: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
Narges Moghimi, Samden D Lhatoo
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) affects up to 5000 patients a year in the United States alone. The exact pathophysiologic processes of are unknown. Profound autonomic dysregulation driving cardiac and respiratory dysfunction is likely. Available evidence from monitored deaths suggests that fatal tachyarrhythmias are not primarily responsible although near deaths due to ventricular arrhythmias have been reported. Genetic "neuro-cardiac" channelopathies affecting brain function, central respiratory processes, and cardiac rhythm have been hypothesized...
December 2013: Current Cardiology Reports
Jean-Luc Mommaerts, Dirk Devroey
In this article, a "healing method" (HM) is defined as any method intended to improve health through non-somatic means. For many healing methods, especially within the realm of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), there is mounting debate over the question "Does it work?" Indeed, this seems to be the primary question for most stakeholders. Yet in light of the well-documented effects of nonspecific factors, particularly empathy and placebo (EP), we contend that the basic question is: "What is 'it'?" Without answering this question, scientific progress is impossible, and research costs will spiral upwards without producing tangible results...
2013: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
J D Blom, I T Poulina, T L van Gellecum
BACKGROUND: Patients from Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao are often inclined to attribute mental problems to brua, the Dutch-Antillean counterpart of voodoo. Because little is known about brua and patients are usually reluctant to talk about it, problems can arise in the communication with biomedically trained health practitioners. AIM: To provide an overview of the literature on brua, and of the ways in which brua may interfere with the diagnosis and treatment of Dutch-Antillean patients with mental health problems...
2013: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
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