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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769826/effects-of-gymnastics-activities-on-bone-accrual-during-growth-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jaak Jürimäe, Rita Gruodyte-Raciene, Adam D G Baxter-Jones
The amount of bone gained during childhood and adolescence impacts greatly on lifetime skeletal health. The purpose of this review is to summarize current evidence of the effects of gymnastics activities on bone mineral accrual during growth and to describe possible factors that influence bone mineral gains. The PubMed and SportDiscus databases were searched, and a total of 24 articles met the selection criteria and were included in this review. Artistic and rhythmic gymnasts presented higher bone mineral density and content values compared to untrained controls, despite possible negative effects associated with hormonal levels, dietary restrictions and body fat...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768093/alterations-in-kinematics-and-muscle-activation-patterns-with-the-addition-of-a-kipping-action-during-a-pull-up-activity
#2
Christopher Dinunzio, Nathaniel Porter, John Van Scoy, Derrick Cordice, Ryan S McCulloch
Recently, addition of a gymnastics glide kip to a standard pull-up (SPU) has resulted in the kipping pull-up (KPU). Changes in muscle activation and kinematics were evaluated with eleven athletes performing sets of 5 SPU and 5 KPU. Surface electromyography of upper body and lower body muscles was recorded along with movement kinematics obtained via markers and motion tracking software. Most kinematic variables were significantly higher in the KPU including (KPU minus SPU deg): Max hip angle (48.8° ± 6.8°, p < 0...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765785/spondylocostal-dysostosis-a-literature-review-and-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up-of-a-conservatively-managed-patient
#3
Brendan R Southam, Adam P Schumaier, Alvin H Crawford
Introduction: Patients with spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD) have congenital spine and rib deformities associated with frequently severe thoracic insufficiency and respiratory compromise. The literature is largely composed of case reports and small cohorts, and there is little information regarding adults with this condition. In this report, we describe the natural history of a conservatively treated patient and include quality-of-life issues such as childbearing, athletic participation, and occupational selection...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763813/age-and-gymnastic-experience-effects-on-sensory-reweighting-processes-during-quiet-stand
#4
Albert Busquets, Silvia Aranda-Garcia, Blai Ferrer-Uris, Michel Marina, Rosa Angulo-Barroso
BACKGROUND: The relative contribution of sensory inputs to control balance while standing is dynamically adjusted. These sensory reweighting processes could be impacted by age and sport expertise capabilities, especially when the sport emphasizes equilibrium like artistic gymnastics. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to explore the sensory reweighting processes to adjust standing posture in children and adults with different gymnastic expertise (gymnasts, G, and non-gymnast, NG)...
May 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760489/gymnastic-feats-help-dna-walker-set-speed-record
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741447/health-effects-of-wrist-loading-sports-during-youth-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Laura S Kox, P Paul F M Kuijer, Dagmar A J Thijssen, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Rick R van Rijn, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Mario Maas
BACKGROUND: The benefits and risks of performing popular wrist-loading sports at a young age have not been investigated systematically. We aimed to evaluate positive and negative long-term wrist-related health effects of sports performance requiring repetitive wrist loading during youth. METHODS: Six databases were searched for cohort and cross-sectional studies. Three investigators selected studies evaluating quantitatively measured health effects of upper extremities in athletes practicing wrist-loading sports (gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, field hockey, rowing, and judo) for minimally 4 months before the age of 18...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740547/intensification-of-the-education-of-public-health-hygiene-and-martial-arts-during-the-japanese-colonial-period-1937-1945
#7
REVIEW
Eui-Ryong Hwang, Tae-Young Kim
This study intended to examine the process of development and intensification of martial arts education in schools of Chosun as courses of health, hygiene, and physical education implemented by the Japanese colonial government that ruled Chosun during the period of 'Second Sino-Japanese War' from 1937 to 1945. During this period, the Japanese colonial government established the 'Imperial Subjects' Gymnastics,' elaborated on the education of health and hygiene in order to lay the foundations for the strengthening of war potential, and intensified the theoretical education and practice of martial arts as an effective means therefore...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694591/-health-pain-and-daily-activities-among-elderly-people-practicing-lian-gong-and-sedentary-elderly-people
#8
Vanessa Cristina Dias Bobbo, Danilo Donizetti Trevisan, Maria Clara Estanislau do Amaral, Eliete Maria Silva
It is a well-known fact that the practice of physical activity on a regular basis among elderly people contributes to the prevention and reduction of pain, as well as promote active ageing. Based on this premise, the scope of this study was to evaluate the presence of chronic pain among elderly people attended in a primary health care unit in a city in the interior of Sao Paulo State, Brazil, by comparing those who practice Chinese gymnastics (Lian Gong) and the sedentary. Sixty elderly people were divided between 30 sedentary and 30 who participate in a group practicing Lian Gong...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682313/systematic-assessment-of-the-growth-plates-of-the-wrist-in-young-gymnasts-development-and-validation-of-the-amsterdam-mri-assessment-of-the-physis-amphys-protocol
#9
Laura S Kox, Rik B J Kraan, Kees F van Dijke, Robert Hemke, Sjoerd Jens, Milko C de Jonge, Edwin H G Oei, Frank F Smithuis, Maaike P Terra, Mario Maas
Objectives: To develop and validate a protocol for MRI assessment of the distal radial and ulnar periphyseal area in gymnasts and non-gymnasts. Methods: Twenty-four gymnasts with wrist pain, 18 asymptomatic gymnasts and 24 non-gymnastic controls (33 girls) underwent MRI of the wrist on a 3T scanner. Sequences included coronal proton density-weighted images with and without fat saturation, and three-dimensional water-selective cartilage scan and T2 Dixon series. Skeletal age was determined using hand radiographs...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681973/effectiveness-of-massage-therapy-and-abdominal-hypopressive-gymnastics-in-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#10
L Bellido-Fernández, J J Jiménez-Rejano, R Chillón-Martínez, M A Gómez-Benítez, M De-La-Casa-Almeida, M Rebollo-Salas
Background: There are a great number of interventions in physiotherapy, but with little evidence of their effectiveness in chronic low back pain. Therefore, this study assesses effectiveness of Massage Therapy and Abdominal Hypopressive Gymnastics and the combination of both to decrease pain and lumbar disability while increasing joint mobility and quality of life in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. Methods: A randomized, single-blinded, controlled, clinical trial with sample ( n = 27) was comprised of patients between 20 and 65 years, diagnosed with pain of mechanical origin characterized by having a duration of at least 12 weeks and no serious complications...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670901/relationship-between-joint-position-sense-force-sense-and-muscle-strength-and-the-impact-of-gymnastic-training-on-proprioception
#11
Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Andrzej Kochanowicz, Jan Mieszkowski, Elżbieta Piskorska, Małgorzata Żychowska
The aims of this study were (1) to assess the relationship between joint position (JPS) and force sense (FS) and muscle strength (MS) and (2) to evaluate the impact of long-term gymnastic training on particular proprioception aspects and their correlations. 17 elite adult gymnasts and 24 untrained, matched controls performed an active reproduction (AR) and passive reproduction (PR) task and a force reproduction (FR) task at the elbow joint. Intergroup differences and the relationship between JPS, FS, and MS were evaluated...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#12
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623555/the-power-of-knowledge-responses-to-change-and-the-gymnastics-of-causation
#13
EDITORIAL
Michael A Ashby, Bronwen Morrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619801/evaluation-of-somatotype-in-artistic-gymnastics-competitors-a-meta-analytical-approach
#14
Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the anthropometric characteristics of athletes have a long history, but there are no published reviews on the somatotype of artistic gymnasts. Practitioners and professional coaches can gain guidance from improved understanding of the ideal body constitution and the impact of high-intensity training since preadolescence on body build. The present review is designed to provide this information. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Academic Search Complete, SPORTDiscus, Medline, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate were searched in January 2017...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607462/injury-prevalence-across-sports-a-descriptive-analysis-on-a-representative-sample-of-the-danish-population
#15
A M Bueno, M Pilgaard, A Hulme, P Forsberg, D Ramskov, C Damsted, R O Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in public health, owing to a range of health-related benefits that it provides. Sports-related injuries are known to be an important barrier to continued physical activity. Still, the prevalence of injuries on a general population level has not yet been explored in a descriptive epidemiological investigation. The purpose of the questionnaire-based study, therefore, was to describe the prevalence of injury in a representative sample of the Danish population...
April 2, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599870/effect-of-two-different-types-of-olympic-rotation-order-on-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-variables-in-men-s-artistic-gymnastics
#16
Bessem Mkaouer, Monèm Jemni, Helmi Chaabene, Samiha Amara, Ahmad Njah, Mokhtar Chtara
The rotation sequence-order differs from a gymnast to another according to the draw at the time of the qualifying competitions in men's artistic gymnastics. Only the six best gymnasts start on the floor exercises, the others could start on any of the other five apparatuses. It has been demonstrated that some gymnastics events are physiologically less taxing than others; hence some gymnasts could experience lower and/or higher levels of cardiovascular and metabolic stress compared to others, depending on the apparatus they start with...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565105/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-4-history-of-the-specialty-where-prm-comes-from
#17
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the history of the PRM medical specialty. The specialty evolved in different European countries, and sometimes also into the single countries, from different medical streams that finally joined. These included among others: balneology, gymnastic, use of physical agents (water, heat, cold, massage, joint manipulations, physical exercise, etc.). Another important role has been played by the increasing number of people experiencing or likely to experience disability due to improvement of medicine and consequent survivals from wars, accidents and/or big infective epidemics (like polio); these evolutions happened in strict relationship with other specialties like cardiology, neurology, orthopaedics, pneumology, rheumatology, traumatology, creating a knowledge transversal to all of them...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563884/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-young-athletes-using-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#18
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560159/prevalence-and-awareness-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-aas-among-gymnasts-in-the-western-province-of-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Khaled Abdullah Al Bishi, Ayman Afify
Background: Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AAS) are synthetic derivatives of the male sex hormone (testosterone) that are increasingly used by athletes as performance enhancing drugs to increase muscle mass and strength. Multiple health adverse effects may be caused by its non-medical use. Several international and regional studies showed the high prevalence of AAS usage and low level of awareness of it among different populations. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of AAS and to determine the level of awareness toward it among gymnasts in the western province of Riyadh...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545771/postural-stabilization-strategies-to-motor-contagion-induced-by-action-observation-are-impaired-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Elisa Pelosin, Ambra Bisio, Thierry Pozzo, Giovanna Lagravinese, Oscar Crisafulli, Roberta Marchese, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Laura Avanzino
Postural reactions can be influenced by concomitant tasks or different contexts and are modulated by a higher order motor control. Recent studies investigated postural changes determined by motor contagion induced by action observation (chameleon effect) showing that observing a model in postural disequilibrium induces an increase in healthy subjects' body sway. Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with postural instability and impairments in cognitively controlled balance tasks. However, no studies investigated if viewing postural imbalance might influence postural stability in PD and if patients are able to inhibit a visual postural perturbation...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
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