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arch fam med

Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Craig L Donnelly, Melony Williams, Jennifer Buteau, Patricia Stolte, Maggie Monroe-Cassel, Martha L Bruce
Background: The Federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (HV) Program serves over 100,000 vulnerable families at risk for child abuse in the USA and aims to improve many outcomes, including maternal mental health (HRSA's Federal Home Visiting Program: partnering with parents to help children succeed, 2017). Most clients are insured by Medicaid, and about 40% are adolescent mothers (pregnant and post-delivery) (The mother and infant home visiting program evaluation: early findings on the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, 2015)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Elizabeth L Turner, Siham Sikander, Omer Bangash, Ahmed Zaidi, Lisa Bates, John Gallis, Nima Ganga, Karen O'Donnell, Atif Rahman, Joanna Maselko
BACKGROUND: The negative effects of perinatal depression on the mother and child start early and persist throughout the lifecourse (Lancet 369(9556):145-57, 2007; Am J Psychiatry 159(1):43-7, 2002; Arch Dis Child 77(2):99-101, 1997; J Pak Med Assoc 60(4):329; J Psychosoma Res 49(3):207-16, 2000; Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 14(1):1-27, 2011). Given that 10-35 % of children worldwide are exposed to perinatal depression in their first year of life (Int Rev Psychiatry 8(1):37-54, 1996), mitigating this intergenerational risk is a global public health priority (Perspect Public Health 129(5):221-7, 2009; Trop Med Int Health 13(4):579-83, 2008; Br Med Bull 101(1):57-79, 2012)...
September 8, 2016: Trials
Meg Richardson, Vanessa Cobham, Judith Murray, Brett McDermott
Research indicates that parents and other family members often grieve their child or relative's mental illness. This grief appears resultant from a profound sense of loss, which has been described as complicated and nonfinite (e.g., Atkinson in Am J Psychiatry 151(8):1137-1139, 1994; Davis and Schultz in Soc Sci Med 46(3):369-379, 1998; Jones in Br J Soc Work 34:961-979, 2004; MacGregor in Soc Work 39(2):160-166, 1994; Osborne and Coyle in Couns Psychol Q 15(4):307-323, 2002; Ozgul in Aust N Z J Fam Ther 25(4):183-187, 2004; Tuck et al...
March 2011: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
R R Solis, D A Dotson, Z Trizna
Phytophotodermatitis may not be diagnosed when a patient is seen with erythema and vesicles on the skin. However, with the appropriate medical history, the diagnosis of phytophotodermatitis is easily made. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1195-1196
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
C R Clinch, M B Stephens
Ascaris lumbricoides are among the medically important worms belonging to the phylum Nematoda (roundworms) that are parasites of the human gastrointestinal tract. Despite current sanitation and hygiene standards in the United States, infection due to intestinal roundworms is not uncommon in children and adults. A high index of suspicion is warranted as patients may present anywhere along a spectrum of illness from asymptomatic to acutely ill. The following is a case presentation and discussion of Ascaris lumbricoides, the common roundworm or intestinal longworm...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
A Kandeel, S Ramesh, Y Chen, C Celik, E Jenis, J L Ambrus
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), previously called hypersensitivity angiitis, is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis that involves many organ systems including the skin, joints, kidneys, and lungs. Microscopic polyangiitis most commonly affects adults in the fourth and fifth decades of life, with only a few cases reported in children. We describe a pediatric patient with microscopic polyangiitis. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1189-1192
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
L L Emanuel, C F von Gunten, F D Ferris
Advance care planning is the process of planning for future medical care, particularly for the event when the patient is unable to make his or her own decisions. It should be a routine part of standard medical care and, when possible, conducted with the proxy decision maker present. It is helpful to think of the process as a stepwise approach. The steps include the appropriate introduction of the topic, structured discussions covering potential scenarios, documentation of preferences, periodic review and update of the directives, and application of the wishes when needed...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
L L Emanuel, C F von Gunten, F D Ferris
Every year, more than 1 million Americans die of different causes. Some die easily and comfortably. Others die with a great deal of suffering and distress. This article contrasts key aspects of the way Americans die with the way they say they would like to die. It will also highlight some of the barriers to providing high-quality end-of-life care. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1176-1180
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
J H LaRosa, J C LaRosa
Hyperlipidemia and the atherosclerotic conditions that result from it are well recognized as major contributors to coronary heart disease (CHD). Fortunately, several large-scale clinical trials have shown that there are effective treatments that can substantially lower atherogenic lipid levels and thereby reduce the risk of CHD mortality and morbidity. However, duplication of these dramatic trial results can be negatively affected in "real life" clinical practice by an important issue: compliance. No medications will work if patients do not take them...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
P E Goldberg
Psychodynamic concepts can be used to help understand and manage certain difficulties that arise within the physician-patient relationship. The concepts of transference, countertransference, and action (in the form of acting out and enactment) are discussed. A case description is included to show how these concepts apply to the day-to-day practice of primary care medicine. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:1164-1168
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
M P Doescher, B G Saver, P Franks, K Fiscella
CONTEXT: While pervasive racial and ethnic inequalities in access to care and health status have been documented, potential underlying causes, such as patients' perceptions of their physicians, have not been explored as thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a person's race or ethnicity is associated with low trust in the physician. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were obtained from the 1996 through 1997 Community Tracking Survey, a nationally representative sample...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
J K Rao, M Weinberger, K Kroenke
BACKGROUND: Primary care patients often have certain expectations when visiting physicians, many of which may be undetected. These unmet expectations can affect outcomes such as satisfaction with care. We performed a formal literature review to examine the effect of fulfillment of patients' visit-specific expectations on their satisfaction as well as on health status and compliance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Included studies were conducted in primary care settings, systematically recruited patients, elicited previsit and/or postvisit expectations relative to specific visits, and measured patient-centered outcomes...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
W O Tatum, S R Benbadis, F L Vale
Despite the new advancements in antiepileptic drug development, thousands of people with epilepsy will remain intractable to medication. For a considerable proportion of these people, epilepsy surgery is a consideration for better control of their seizures. Resective surgery is now standard practice for patients with medication-refractory epilepsy. Temporal lobectomy continues to be the most common surgery performed. Once patients fail 2 to 3 optimal trials of antiepileptic medication, further drug therapy offers a minimal number of patients freedom from seizures...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
W O Tatum, R Galvez, S Benbadis, E Carrazana
There has been an explosion of new antiepileptic drug availability for physicians to treat patients with recurrent seizures. Principal antiepileptic drugs consisted of 6 key agents for both generalized and partial epilepsy for nearly 8 decades. Since 1993, the availability of newer "second-generation" agents has nearly doubled the armamentarium available for the 2.5 million patients who have recurrent seizures. This new influx of medications has flooded the medical and lay community with choices never before appreciated...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
K Saag, D van der Heijde, C Fisher, A Samara, L DeTora, J Bolognese, R Sperling, B Daniels
INTRODUCTION: Rofecoxib, a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor (sometimes known as a specific cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor or Coxib), is used in osteoarthritis (OA). Published information indicates rofecoxib's improved gastrointestinal safety profile over nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rofecoxib in treating OA in 2 studies. METHODS: Two randomized, double-blind, parallel-group studies in patients with OA of the knee or hip were conducted using identical entry criteria and end points...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
S H Woolf, S F Rothemich, R E Johnson, D W Marsland
BACKGROUND: New rulings nationwide require health services researchers to obtain patient consent before examining personally identifiable data. A selection bias may result if consenting patients differ from those who do not give consent. OBJECTIVE: To compare patients who consent, refuse, and do not answer. DESIGN: Patients completing an in-office survey were asked for permission to be surveyed at home and for their records to be reviewed...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
A G Mainous, W J Hueston, X Ye, C Bazell
BACKGROUND: Family medicine is a relatively new specialty that has been trying to develop a research base for 30 years. It is unclear how institutional research success and emphasis have affected the research productivity of family medicine departments. OBJECTIVE: To examine the research infrastructure, productivity, and barriers to productivity in academic family medicine in research intense and less intense institutions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A survey of 124 chairs among institutional members of the Association of Departments of Family Medicine...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
K A Clark, S L Martin, R Petersen, S Cloutier, D Covington, P Buescher, M Beck-Warden
CONTEXT: Despite recommendations to screen prenatal care patients for partner violence, the prevalence of such screening is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the statewide prevalence of partner violence screening during prenatal care among a representative sample of North Carolina women with newborns and to compare women screened for partner violence with women not screened. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This investigation examines data gathered through the North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a random sample of more than 2600 recently postpartum women who were delivered of newborns between July 1997 and December 1998...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
K Phelps, C Taylor, S Kimmel, R Nagel, W Klein, S Puczynski
OBJECTIVE: To identify specific caretaker and utilization characteristics predictive of the use of the emergency departments (EDs) for nonurgent reasons. Each year more than 20 million children in the United States seek medical care in EDs. Between one third and one half of these visits are for nonurgent reasons. DESIGN: A descriptive study conducted during a 6-month period. SETTING: Two urban hospital EDs. MEASURE: A questionnaire was designed to elicit information about specific caretaker characteristics and their reasons for using the ED for their child's nonurgent medical care...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
S Töyry, K Räsänen, S Kujala, M Aärimaa, J Juntunen, R Kalimo, R Luhtala, P Mäkelä, K Myllymäki, M Seuri, K Husman
BACKGROUND: Physicians' health problems have been discussed mainly in relation to substance abuse and psychiatric disorders. In this study, the prevalence of common chronic diseases and their treatment were determined. OBJECTIVE: To find differences in self-reported health status, amount of sick leave, and the use of health services among physicians according to sex and specialty. Data were also compared with those of the total employed population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional postal questionnaire survey in Finland...
November 2000: Archives of Family Medicine
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