keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mask ventilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777094/biological-monitoring-and-lung-function-assessment-among-workers-exposed-to-chromium-in-the-ceramic-industry
#1
Fatemeh Kargar Shouroki, Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri, Farideh Golbabaei, Abolfazle Barkhordari, Abbas Rahimi-Froushani
BACKGROUND: Chromium exposure occurs in various industries such as ceramics industry. The main disadvantage of chromium is high toxicity when absorbed by the body. This study aimed to determine and compare urinary chromium values in the pre- and post-shift of ceramic glazers and the control group; investigate urinary chromium value according to the study variables; compare pulmonary function tests between ceramic glazers vs. the control group. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764391/practice-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-for-newborns-with-birth-asphyxia-at-kakamega-county-general-hospital-kenya-a-direct-observation-study
#2
Duncan N Shikuku, Benson Milimo, Elizabeth Ayebare, Peter Gisore, Gorrette Nalwadda
BACKGROUND: About three - quarters of all neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, with over half of these occurring within the first 24 h after birth. The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Successful neonatal resuscitation (NR) has the potential to prevent these perinatal mortalities related to birth asphyxia. This study described the practice of NR and outcomes of newborns with birth asphyxia in a busy referral hospital. METHODS: Direct observations of 138 NRs by 28 healthcare providers (HCPs) were conducted using a predetermined checklist adapted from the national pediatric resuscitation protocol...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761867/airway-physical-examination-tests-for-detection-of-difficult-airway-management-in-apparently-normal-adult-patients
#3
REVIEW
Dominik Roth, Nathan L Pace, Anna Lee, Karen Hovhannisyan, Alexandra-Maria Warenits, Jasmin Arrich, Harald Herkner
BACKGROUND: The unanticipated difficult airway is a potentially life-threatening event during anaesthesia or acute conditions. An unsuccessfully managed upper airway is associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Several bedside screening tests are used in clinical practice to identify those at high risk of difficult airway. Their accuracy and benefit however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to characterize and compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Mallampati classification and other commonly used airway examination tests for assessing the physical status of the airway in adult patients with no apparent anatomical airway abnormalities...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761478/pain-relief-for-women-undergoing-oocyte-retrieval-for-assisted-reproduction
#4
REVIEW
Irene Kwan, Rui Wang, Emily Pearce, Siladitya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Various methods of conscious sedation and analgesia (CSA) have been used during oocyte retrieval for assisted reproduction. The choice of agent has been influenced by the quality of sedation and analgesia and by concerns about possible detrimental effects on reproductive outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of different methods of conscious sedation and analgesia for pain relief and pregnancy outcomes in women undergoing transvaginal oocyte retrieval...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750662/supplemental-carbon-dioxide-stabilizes-the-upper-airway-in-volunteers-anesthetized-with-propofol
#5
Katarina Jennifer Ruscic, Janne Bøgh Stokholm, Johann Patlak, Hao Deng, Jeroen Cedric Peter Simons, Timothy Houle, Jürgen Peters, Matthias Eikermann
BACKGROUND: Propofol impairs upper airway dilator muscle tone and increases upper airway collapsibility. Preclinical studies show that carbon dioxide decreases propofol-mediated respiratory depression. We studied whether elevation of end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) via carbon dioxide insufflation reverses the airway collapsibility (primary hypothesis) and impaired genioglossus muscle electromyogram that accompany propofol anesthesia. METHODS: We present a prespecified, secondary analysis of previously published experiments in 12 volunteers breathing via a high-flow respiratory circuit used to control upper airway pressure under propofol anesthesia at two levels, with the deep level titrated to suppression of motor response...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746270/evidence-regarding-the-use-of-bubble-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-benefits-challenges-and-implications-for-nursing-practice
#6
Samantha Alessi
BACKGROUND: Gentle ventilation with optimal oxygenation is integral to prevention of chronic lung disease in the extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infant. Various types of noninvasive ventilation are used in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) has been in use in newborn intensive care since 1975. PURPOSE: To synthesize the current evidence on the use of BCPAP in the ELBW infant and its relationship to outcomes, particularly morbidity and mortality...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744251/comparison-of-different-cuff-pressure-use-with-the-supreme-laryngeal-mask-airway-on-haemodynamic-response-seal-pressure-and-postoperative-adverse-events-a-prospective-randomized-study
#7
Achmet Ali, Demet Altun, Nukhet Sivrikoz, Mesut Yornuk, Namigar Turgut, İbrahim Özkan Akıncı
Objective: The Supreme™ laryngeal mask airway (SLMA) is a supra glottic airway (SGA) device that is used as an alternative to endotracheal tubes. In the present study, we aimed to compare the use of the SLMA with normal cuff pressure and low cuff pressure, primarily for haemodynamic response. Methods: In the present study, 120 patients diagnosed with hypertension and scheduled for varicose vein or inguinal hernia operation were enrolled and 99 patients finished...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743787/acute-lung-injury-after-exposure-to-fumes-of-pickling-paste-in-a-fabrication-worker
#8
S Bavikar Purva, K Dattarai More
Pickling paste is used for cleaning stainless steel weld seam heat marks. It is a mixture of hydrofluoric acid (HF) and nitric acid (HNO3 ) with surfactants and inhibitors. The substance is corrosive, toxic, and irritant. Air respirator and half mask air filter covering nose and mouth are mandatory before handling the pickling paste. This is a case report of a 28-year-old male complaining of sudden onset dyspnea at rest after accidental inhalation of pickling paste fumes. The patient developed acute lung injury and subsequently acute respiratory distress syndrome and was treated with noninvasive ventilation, steroids, and other supportive treatment...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739857/how-ventilation-is-delivered-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-an-international-survey
#9
Ricardo Luiz Cordioli, Laurent Brochard, Laurent Suppan, Aissam Lyazidi, François Templier, Abdo Khoury, Stephane Delisle, Dominique Savary, Jean-Christophe Richard
BACKGROUND: Recommendations regarding ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are based on a low level of scientific evidence. We hypothesized that practices about ventilation during CPR might be heterogeneous and may differ worldwide. To address this question, we surveyed physicians from several countries on their practices during CPR. METHODS: We used a Web-based opinion survey. Links to the survey were sent by e-mail newsletters and displayed on the Web sites of medical societies involved in CPR practice from December 2013 to March 2014...
May 8, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739649/desaturation-times-between-dogs-preoxygenated-via-face-mask-or-flow-by-technique-before-induction-of-anesthesia
#10
Barbara Ambros, Maria Valentina Carrozzo, Teela Jones
OBJECTIVE: To compare time to desaturation after induction of anesthesia following administration of oxygen via face mask or flow-by for 3 minutes. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: A group of six healthy adult dogs weighing 15.0 ± 3.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized twice separated by 14 days. Intramuscular administration of dexmedetomidine (4 μg kg-1 ), acepromazine (0.01 mg kg-1 ) and butorphanol (0...
April 10, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734983/the-effects-of-experimental-sleep-fragmentation-and-sleep-deprivation-on-the-response-of-the-genioglossus-muscle-to-inspiratory-resistive-loads
#11
Jennifer M Cori, Christian L Nicholas, Joanne Avraam, V Vien Lee, Rachel Schembri, Melinda L Jackson, Amy S Jordan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Poor upper airway dilator muscle function may contribute to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Sleep deprivation reduces dilator muscle responsiveness, but sleep fragmentation, which is most characteristic of OSA, has not been assessed. This study compared the effects of sleep deprivation and fragmentation on dilator muscle responsiveness during wakefulness. METHOD: Twenty-four healthy individuals (10 female) participated in two consecutive overnight polysomnography (PSG) sessions...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728755/ed50-of-remifentanil-for-providing-excellent-intubating-conditions-when-co-administered-with-a-single-standard-dose-of-propofol-without-the-use-of-muscle-relaxants-in-children-dose-finding-clinical-trial
#12
Andre Hideo Ono, Thiago Rocha Moura, Cátia Sousa Govêia, Gabriel Magalhães Nunes Guimarães, Luís Cláudio de Araújo Ladeira, Helga Bezerra Gomes da Silva
PURPOSE: Previous studies evidenced that orotracheal intubation without neuromuscular blockers is feasible in children and has some potential advantages. Remifentanil has favorable pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties as an opioid for orotracheal intubation, but its dose for excellent intubation conditions when co-administered with propofol has not been established. This study was designed to find the minimum effective dose of remifentanil for excellent intubation conditions of children when co-administered with propofol, without neuromuscular relaxant drugs...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728142/intermittent-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-using-a-fetoscope-or-hand-held-doppler-in-rural-tanzania-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Paschal Francis Mdoe, Hege L Ersdal, Estomih R Mduma, Jeffrey M Perlman, Robert Moshiro, Peter T Wangwe, Hussein Kidanto
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality is a global challenge, with an estimated 1.3 million intrapartum stillbirths in 2015. The majority of these were found in low resource settings with limited options to intrapartum fetal heart monitoring devices. This trial compared frequency of abnormal fetal heart rate (FHR) detection and adverse perinatal outcomes (i.e. fresh stillbirths, 24-h neonatal deaths, admission to neonatal care unit) among women intermittently assessed by Doppler or fetoscope in a rural low-resource setting...
May 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723923/a-humidifier-in-the-invasive-mode-during-non-invasive-respiratory-support-could-increase-condensation-and-thereby-impair-airway-patency
#14
Rutger C Flink, Anton H van Kaam, Frans H de Jongh
AIM: Humidifying non-invasively ventilated preterm infants is critical to prevent dehydration of respiratory mucosa, but over humidification can result in impaired airway patency and lung mechanics. This neonatal bench study investigated the humidity delivered using invasive and non-invasive humidification modes during nasal continuous positive airway pressure. METHODS: The study was conducted at the neonatal intensive care unit of Emma Children's Hospital, the Netherlands, in March 2014...
May 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722906/manikin-study-showed-that-counting-inflation-breaths-out-loud-improved-the-speed-of-resuming-chest-compressions-during-two-person-paediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#15
Jang Hee Lee, Ji Ung Na, Dong Hyuk Shin, Sang Kuk Han, Pil Cho Choi, Jun Hwi Cho
AIM: We investigated whether counting inflation breaths out loud during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) led to an earlier resumption of chest compressions. METHODS: In this randomised controlled manikin simulation study, conducted from February 2015 to April 2015, 32 fourth-year Korean medical students, equally divided into study and control groups, performed 10 cycles of 15:2 CPR while administering inflation breaths using a bag mask. The first study participant counted the number of inflation breaths out loud and the second study participant was told to perform chest compressions as soon as they heard their colleague say two...
May 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707376/is-laryngeal-mask-airway-general-anesthesia-feasible-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#16
Rui-Xiang Zhang, Yin Li, Xian-Ben Liu, Xi-Hua Lu, Hai-Bo Sun, Zong-Fei Wang, Shi-Lei Liu, Yan Zheng, Xiao-Fei Liu, Xiu-Xia Wu
Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been identified as an oncological method with lower mortality and morbidity. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia using double endotracheal tube intubation and one-lung ventilation for a good visualization like other video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). However, it is difficult to differentiate weather the postoperative hoarseness is caused by intubation or by recurrent laryngeal nerve injury during operation, and some complications related to intubation also are the focus of thoracic surgeons...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707364/assessment-of-a-respiratory-face-mask-for-capturing-air-pollutants-and-pathogens-including-human-influenza-and-rhinoviruses
#17
S Steve Zhou, Salimatu Lukula, Cory Chiossone, Raymond W Nims, Donna B Suchmann, M Khalid Ijaz
Background: Prevention of infection with airborne pathogens and exposure to airborne particulates and aerosols (environmental pollutants and allergens) can be facilitated through use of disposable face masks. The effectiveness of such masks for excluding pathogens and pollutants is dependent on the intrinsic ability of the masks to resist penetration by airborne contaminants. This study evaluated the relative contributions of a mask, valve, and Micro Ventilator on aerosol filtration efficiency of a new N95 respiratory face mask...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705115/suction-mask-vs-conventional-mask-ventilation-in-term-and-near-term-infants-in-the-delivery-room-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Laila Lorenz, Christoph M Rüegger, Eoin O'Currain, Jennifer A Dawson, Marta Thio, Louise S Owen, Susan M Donath, Peter G Davis, C Omar F Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the suction mask, a new facemask that uses suction to create a seal between the mask and the infant's face, with a conventional soft, round silicone mask during positive pressure ventilation (PPV) in the delivery room in newborn infants >34 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center randomized controlled trial in the delivery room. The primary outcome was mask leak. RESULTS: Forty-five infants were studied at a median gestational age of 38...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698106/effects-of-morphine-on-respiratory-load-detection-load-magnitude-perception-and-tactile-sensation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Rodrigo Tomazini Martins, Jayne C Carberry, Simon C Gandevia, Jane E Butler, Danny J Eckert
Pharyngeal and respiratory sensation is impaired in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Opioids may further diminish respiratory sensation. Thus, protective pharyngeal neuromuscular and arousal responses to airway occlusion that rely on respiratory sensation could be impaired with opioids to worsen OSA severity. However, little is known about the effects of opioids on upper airway and respiratory sensation in people with OSA. This study was designed to determine the effects of 40mg of MS-Contin on tactile sensation, respiratory load detection and respiratory magnitude perception in people with OSA during wakefulness...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691106/impact-of-prehospital-airway-management-on-combat-mortality
#20
Garrett B Hardy, Joseph K Maddry, Patrick C Ng, Shelia C Savell, Allyson A Arana, Avery Kester, Vikhyat S Bebarta
INTRODUCTION: Analysis of modern military conflicts suggests that airway compromise remains the second leading cause of preventable death of combat fatalities. This study compares outcomes of combat casualties that received prehospital airway interventions, specifically bag valve mask (BVM) ventilation, cricothyrotomy, and supraglottic airway (SGA) placement. The goal is to compare the effectiveness of airway management strategies used in the military pre-hospital setting. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of 1267 US Army medical evacuation patient care records, compared outcomes of casualties that received prehospital advanced airway interventions...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
92482
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"