keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonatal intubation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333694/high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-beyond-the-perinatal-period
#1
Michael Lee, Joshua Nagler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is emerging as a means of oxygen delivery and respiratory support for a range of conditions outside the perinatal period. We aim to review the mechanisms of action and advantages of HFNC and to summarize current findings regarding clinical benefit in specific pediatric disease processes and in patients with significant respiratory distress. RECENT FINDINGS: Currently published studies outside the neonatal population demonstrate both safety and efficacy of this mode of respiratory support...
March 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287810/evaluation-of-initial-respiratory-support-strategies-in-vlbw-neonates-with-rds
#2
Seyyed Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Maryam Khoshnood Shariati, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has brought about a significant change in care and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The present study was designed and conducted to evaluate different strategies of initial respiratory support (IRS) in VLBW neonates hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over three years (March 21, 2011 to March 20, 2014)...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277364/intrauterine-hyperoxemia-and-risk-of-neonatal-morbidity
#3
Nandini Raghuraman, Lorene A Temming, Molly J Stout, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Methodius G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that intrauterine hyperoxemia is associated with an increased risk of neonatal morbidity. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective study of singleton, nonanomalous deliveries at or beyond 37 weeks of gestation at an institution with a universal umbilical cord gas policy from 2010 to 2014. The primary outcome was a composite of neonatal morbidity including neonatal death, meconium aspiration syndrome, intubation, mechanical ventilation, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and hypothermic therapy...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273700/-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-among-premature-infants-34-weeks-gestational-age-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-china-a-multicenter-study
#4
S J Li, S Y Yan, Y Zhou, K L E E Han, W L Guo, Q Xia, S P Vibhuti, J Z Wang, S W Ji, S H A H Yang, S N Yang, C Shan, C Y Liu, Z Z Yi, R B Liu, L Lin, B Wang, J Q He, Z L Li, Y Pan, L Guo, M X Chen, X N Liu, Y Zhou, L Li, C Q Xiong, Q Qi, X Y Hei, J Cao, Y J Jiang, M Y Zhang, Y Shoo
Objective: To investigate the incidence and pathogen distribution of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) among preterm infants admitted to level Ⅲ neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in China. Method: A prospective study was conducted in 25 level Ⅲ NICU, enrolling all preterm infants <34 weeks gestational age admitted to the participating NICU within the first 7 days of life from May 2015 to April 2016. Chi-square test, t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Result: A total of 7 918 patients were enrolled, within whom 4 623(58...
March 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270430/the-roles-of-drug-therapy-given-via-the-endotracheal-tube-to-neonates
#5
Anne Greenough, Niovi Papalexopoulou
Many drugs are given to intubated neonates by the inhalation route. The optimum aerosol delivery system, however, has not been identified and there are many challenges in delivering drugs effectively to the lower airways of intubated neonates. The effectiveness of surfactant in prematurely born infants and nitric oxide has been robustly investigated. Other drugs are being used on very limited evidence.
March 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267272/effect-of-ventilator-mode-on-patient-ventilator-synchrony-and-work-of-breathing-in-neonatal-pigs
#6
Shayna M Wood, Tracy L Thurman, Shirley J Holt, Shasha Bai, Mark J Heulitt, Sherry E Courtney
BACKGROUND: Patient-ventilator asynchrony can result in increased work of breathing (WOB) and need for increased sedation, as well as respiratory muscle fatigue and prolonged mechanical ventilation. Different ventilator modes may result in varying degrees of asynchrony and WOB. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to assess the incidence of asynchrony and the effect of asynchrony on WOB in three modes of ventilation: pressure regulated volume control (PRVC), synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation/volume control plus pressure support (SIMV/VC plus PS), and SIMV/PRVC plus PS...
March 7, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225424/committee-opinion-no-689-delivery-of-a-newborn-with-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#7
(no author information available yet)
In 2006, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association published the 2005 guidelines on neonatal resuscitation. Before the 2005 guidelines, management of a newborn with meconium-stained amniotic fluid included suctioning of the oropharynx and nasopharynx on the perineum after the delivery of the head but before the delivery of the shoulders. The 2005 guidelines did not support this practice because routine intrapartum suctioning does not prevent or alter the course of meconium aspiration syndrome in vigorous newborns...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225419/committee-opinion-no-689-summary-delivery-of-a-newborn-with-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#8
(no author information available yet)
In 2006, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association published the 2005 guidelines on neonatal resuscitation. Before the 2005 guidelines, management of a newborn with meconium-stained amniotic fluid included suctioning of the oropharynx and nasopharynx on the perineum after the delivery of the head but before the delivery of the shoulders. The 2005 guidelines did not support this practice because routine intrapartum suctioning does not prevent or alter the course of meconium aspiration syndrome in vigorous newborns...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218212/laryngeal-mask-airway-for-cesarean-delivery-a-5-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Zhi-Yu Geng, Dong-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is the most commonly used rescue airway in obstetric anesthesia. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the application of the LMA in parturients undergoing cesarean delivery (CD) for 5 years in our hospital. As a secondary objective, we investigated the incidence of airway-related complication in obstetric general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: We collected electronic data for all obstetric patients who received GA for CD between January 2010 and December 2014 in Peking University First Hospital...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216708/post-intubation-tension-pneumothorax-and-pneumoperitoneum-in-a-low-birth-weight-neonate-with-giant-epulis
#10
Tanvir Samra, Ranvinder Kaur, Lalitha Chaudhary, Kavita Meena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212478/-risk-factors-related-with-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-therapy
#11
Juan Pablo Romo-Gamboa, Bertha Alicia Sandoval-Pérez, Ana Bertha Rodríguez-López, Marco Antonio Torres-González, Juan Carlos Barrera-de León
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) represents the second cause of nosocomial infections and it is associated with greater morbility, duration of mechanical ventilation (MV), and hospital stay. The objective was to determine factors related with VAP in neonates. METHODS: Analytical transversal study including newborns admitted already intubated with at least 48 hours of MV or who were intubated in Neonatal Therapy. VAP was defined according to the criteria of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "those patients submitted to MV during at least 48 hours"...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210479/pregnant-after-assisted-reproduction-a-risk-pregnancy-is-born-18-years-perinatal-outcome-results-from-a-population-based-registry-in-flanders-belgium
#12
W Ombelet, G Martens, L Bruckers
BACKGROUND: Although the increased risk for perinatal morbidity and mortality of babies born after ART is largely attributed to a higher rate of multiple gestations, a significantly worse perinatal outcome for singleton pregnancies following ART compared to pregnancies after natural conception has been reported as well. Most studies only include IVF/ICSI pregnancies; studies describing the perinatal outcome of pregnancies after non-IVF assisted reproduction are scarce. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Population-based cohort study with three exposure groups: a study group of pregnancies (1) after ovarian stimulation (OS), with or without artificial insemination (AI), (2) after IFV or ICSI and (3) a naturally conceived (NC) comparison group...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195860/challenging-airway-secondary-to-purpura-fulminans-with-face-and-neck-bullae-in-a-premature-infant-a-case-report
#13
Rhashedah A Ekeoduru, Matthew R Greives, Eric A Nesrsta
A former 25-week-old neonate presented at 34 weeks postconceptual age with necrotizing fasciitis and purpura fulminans because of Group B Streptococcus infection. He was septic and coagulopathic when he was intubated, and the endotracheal tube was secured with adhesives. When he subsequently developed large purpuric, bullous lesions on the face and neck, he presented to the operating room for excision and debridement of his facial lesions. No change was made in how the endotracheal tube was secured. Midprocedure, an unintentional extubation occurred...
February 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178944/two-case-reports-of-unexpected-tracheal-agenesis-in-the-neonate-3-c-s-beyond-algorithms-for-difficult-airway-management
#14
Beate Grass, Leopold Simma, Michael Reinehr, Urs Zimmermann, Claudine Gysin, Georg Henze, Vincenzo Cannizzaro
BACKGROUND: Handling neonates with postnatal respiratory failure due to congenital airway malformations implies knowledge about emergency management of unexpected difficult airway. In these stressful situations both technical and communication skills of the caretakers are essential. CASE PRESENTATION: Two cases with prenatally unknown tracheal agenesis are reported. CONCLUSION: In the presented cases, airway malformation and subsequent difficulties upon endotracheal intubation were not adequately communicated between caretakers...
February 8, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169036/identification-of-risk-factors-for-poor-feeding-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-a-novel-approach-to-improve-oral-feeding
#15
Gitanjali Indramohan, Tiffany P Pedigo, Nicole Rostoker, Mae Cambare, Tristan Grogan, Myke D Federman
Many infants with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) do not develop the skills to feed orally and are discharged home on gastrostomy tube or nasogastric feeds. We aimed to identify risk factors for failure to achieve full oral feeding and evaluate the efficacy of oral motor intervention for increasing the rate of discharge on full oral feeds by performing a prospective study in the neonatal and cardiac intensive care units of a tertiary children's hospital. 23 neonates born at ≥37weeks gestation and diagnosed with single-ventricle physiology requiring a surgical shunt were prospectively enrolled and received oral motor intervention therapy...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168139/video-laryngoscopy-vs-direct-laryngoscopy-in-teaching-neonatal-endotracheal-intubation-a-simulation-based-study
#16
Srikumar Nair, Eric J Thomas, Lakshmi Katakam
BACKGROUND: Neonatal endotracheal intubation is a life-saving procedural skill where best practices have been developed from expert opinion. Few empirical studies have examined how this skill should be taught. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a video laryngoscope (VL) assisted intubation training curriculum compared to a traditional direct laryngoscope (DL) assisted curriculum improves neonatal intubation performance of novice intubators in a simulated setting. METHODS: A randomized trial of novice intubators was conducted at the University of Texas-Houston from 6/2013-8/2013...
January 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146296/nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-nippv-versus-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-ncpap-for-preterm-neonates-after-extubation
#17
REVIEW
Brigitte Lemyre, Peter G Davis, Antonio G De Paoli, Haresh Kirpalani
BACKGROUND: Previous randomised trials and meta-analyses have shown that nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is a useful method for providing respiratory support after extubation. However, this treatment sometimes 'fails' in infants, and they may require endotracheal re-intubation with its attendant risks and expense. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) can augment NCPAP by delivering ventilator breaths via nasal prongs. Older children and adults with chronic respiratory failure benefit from NIPPV, and the technique has been applied to neonates...
February 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142154/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-the-need-for-mechanical-ventilation-in-extremely-low-gestational-age-neonates
#18
Ludivine Templin, Camille Grosse, Virginie Andres, Clotilde Des Robert, Laurence Fayol, Umberto Simeoni, Farid Boubred
Objective Limiting early intubation and mechanical ventilation in extremely low gestational age neonates (ELGAN) may decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the feasibility, efficacy, and tolerability of a delivery room respiratory management protocol, including delayed umbilical cord clamping (DUCC) in combination with optimized nCPAP with high PEEP levels and less invasive surfactant administration (LISA). Study Design This cohort quality improvement study analyzed the respiratory and neonatal outcomes of all consecutive infants born between 24(+0) and 26(+6) weeks' gestation before (period 1, n = 40) and after (period 2, n = 52) implementing the new protocol...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141793/sex-specific-associations-between-cerebrovascular-blood-pressure-autoregulation-and-cardiopulmonary-injury-in-neonatal-encephalopathy-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#19
Raul Chavez-Valdez, Matthew O'Connor, Jamie Perin, Michael Reyes, Jillian Armstrong, Charlamaine Parkinson, Maureen Gilmore, Jacky Jennings, Frances J Northington, Jennifer K Lee
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary injury is common in neonatal encephalopathy, but the link with cerebrovascular dysfunction is unknown. We hypothesized that cerebral autoregulation is associated with cardiopulmonary injury in neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for neonatal encephalopathy. METHODS: The cerebral hemoglobin volume index (HVx) from near-infrared spectroscopy was used to identify the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) with optimal autoregulatory vasoreactivity (MAPOPT)...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141719/-more-than-meets-the-eye-when-the-neonatal-course-may-impact-several-years-out
#20
Fadiyla Dopwell, John Maypole, Bharati Sinha, Heidi Currier, William DeBassio, Marilyn Augustyn
Nadia is a 7-year-old girl who you have followed since her discharge from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Her parents are here today for an urgent visit with behavioral concerns, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and aggression.Nadia is a former 40-weeker born through vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery at 9 pounds 7 ounces. Her delivery was complicated with shoulder dystocia, which resulted in resuscitation. Her Apgar scores were 1, 3, and 4 at 1, 5, and 10 minutes, respectively. After intubation and stabilization on mechanical ventilation, Nadia was transferred to the NICU...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
keyword
keyword
92480
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"