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Isquemic disease

Diego Torres Dias, Michele Ushida, Roberto Battistella, Syril Dorairaj, Tiago Santos Prata
BACKGROUND: To analyze the most common neurophthalmological conditions that may mimic glaucomatous optic neuropathy and to determine which most often lead to misdiagnosis when evaluated by a glaucoma specialist. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of consecutive patients with optic neuropathies caused by neurophthalmological conditions screened in a single Eye Clinic within a period of 24 months. Within these enrolled patients, we selected the eyes whose fundoscopic appearance could resemble glaucoma based in pre-defined criteria (vertical cup-to-disc ratio ≥0...
January 10, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Pedro Abecasis, Eduardo Chimenos-Küstner, Osé López-López
OBJECTIVES: The ortopantomography (OPG) can be a valuable way for an early detection of calcified atheroma plaques, thus contributing for a preliminary stroke risk evaluation. The study looks for the existence of calcified atheroma plates through the use of OPG, comparing the results with the stenosis percentage found through eco-doppler. It has been analyzed the correlation of the number of years as a smoker, arterial hypertension and body mass index, against the risk of having calcified atheroma plaques...
April 2014: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
J Guil Sànchez, M Rodríguez-Martín
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk factors present a high prevalence in our country, similar to other countries of the Mediterranean area. We don't know which is the distribution of these risk factors in the Maghrebian immigrant population. METHODS: There was designed a descriptive transverse study realized in 4 semiurban health center of Barcelona (Spain). 167 patients were included by means of consecutive sampling, between january 2005 and december 2006, major of age of a total population of 1127 Maghrebian assigned patients...
April 2013: Semergen
Joana Mota, Amparo Castellano, Felicidade Santiago, Patrícia Carvalho, A Sofia Madeira, J M Pereira De Moura, J M Nascimento Costa
INTRODUCTION: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic disease, characterized by fibrosis and vasculopathy, with variable internal organ involvement. Skin is very often involved, namely digital ulcers (DU), seldom treatment resistant, responsible for important functional limitation. The DU can evolve from sclerodactily with superficial ulcers, isquemic lesions, deep necrosis, gangrene, loss of tissue, and consequently, to finger amputation. METHODS: The authors describe the case of a 36 year old female patient, with SSc diagnosed 6 years previously, with skin, lung and gut manifestations...
September 2011: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Fernando Llorca Castro, Vicente Ortún Rubio
BACKGROUNDS: With the intention of establishing economic inequities, the article analyzes the variations of the Unnecessarily Premature and Sanitarily Avoidable Mortality (MIPSE) of each of the 81 cantons of Costa Rica during 2000-2005. It is important to identify those inequities, to establish policies and strategies trying to mitigate them. METHOD: It applies the MIPSE classification proposed by members of the Information and Studies Service, of the Catalunya's Sanitary Resources Headquarter, Spain...
November 2010: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Juan Jesús Sánchez-Barriga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the behaviour of mortality due to ischemic cardiopathy in Mexico during the years 2000 through 2007. METHODS: The codes of the International Classification of Diseases 10 that correspond to the ischemic cardiopathy were identified. The rates of mortality nationwide, by federative entity, and by socioeconomic region as well as by degree of education, type of job, and public health services entitlement, were determined. Likewise, the strength of association by means of the regression of Poisson among federative entities, socioeconomic regions where individuals resided in, and mortality by ischemic cardiopathy were also determinated...
September 2009: Gaceta Médica de México
Víctor L Ruggieri, Claudia L Arberas
The presence of a neonatal neurological lesion associated or not with dysmorphism or with a particular phenotype can be caused by a) prenatal infections (Group TORCH) toxic or teratotoxic agents (alcohol, cocain, antiepileptics, inhalants such as toluene, etc.), vascular defects or genetic anomalies; b) perinatal isquemic hypoxic lesions, infectious or metabolic disorders, etc. In this paper we analyze all entities of genetic origin neonatally recognizable by their phenotype which must be included in the differential diagnosis of all children neurologically compromised...
2009: Medicina
Rocío Rivas Chícharo
The cardiovascular diseases are considered the cause but frequent of death in the developed and developing countries, most important it is the ischemic cardiopathy. The patients with acute coronary isquemic syndromes (ACIS) nowadays can be classified in two groups: those that present/ display elevation of segment ST (ESST) and those that does not have this elevation in the electrocardiogram of surface (SEST); it has importance the duration of the pain, the frequency and intervals in the episodes of angina and if is triggered in the rest or with the effort...
October 2007: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Teresa C A Ferrari, Giovanni Gazzinelli, Rodrigo Corrêa-Oliveira
The involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) by schistosomes may or may not determine clinical manifestations. When symptomatic, neuroschistosomiasis (NS) is one of the most severe presentations of schistosome infection. Considering the symptomatic form, Schistosoma mansoni causes almost always spinal cord disease. Cerebral and spinal cord disorders in S. mansoni infections are inflammatory conditions of the CNS that cause mild-moderate impairment of the blood-brain barrier and intrathecal synthesis of antibodies against schistosomal antigens...
November 2008: Acta Tropica
Alba Rosa Morón de Salim, Antonio Garcés Pasamontes
The cases of hyperlipoproteinemic secondary type IV are manifested by elevation of triglycerides, with normal or high cholesterol and lightly high homocysteine. The effect of vitamins B12, B6 and folic acid, on homocysteine and lipids, in 24 male patients, 35-68 years, with hiperlipoproteinemia secondary type IV with myocardial isquemic, and without previous treatment of hipolipemiant, was investigated. The patients were supplemented with therapeutic doses tablets of vitamin B12, 500 (microg/day); B6, (600 mg/day) and folic acid (20 mg/ day), during 120 days...
March 2005: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
Damaso de Araújo Chacon, Andréa Dore da Silva Magalhães Chaves, Raquel Amorim Duarte, Carlos Alexandre Amorim Garcia, Aldo da Cunha Medeiros
PURPOSE: To identify diabetic foot abnormal changes caused by microvascular events and fundoscopy eye lesions due to diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: A survey was performed with 76 diabetic patients from the Hospital Onofre Lopes out-patient department of ophtalmology and vascular surgery. To evaluate the diabetic foot the patients were submitted to an individual interview using Fontaine classification. The vascular test used was Semmes-Weinstein monofilament. Refraction and eye fundoscopy were acomplished in all patients to arrange the diabetic retinopathy...
2005: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
I Castaño González, I Moncada Iribarren, D Subirá Ríos, M Moralejo Gárate, J I Martínez Salamanca, R Cabello Benavente, C Hernández Fernández
Priapism is defined as persistent erection without sexual stimulus. The new classifications make a distinction between venooclusive low flow priapism, isquemic and arterial high flow priapism, non isquemic. The perineal or penis trauma are responsible the most of cases arterial priapism, formation of an arteriocavernous fistula. The diagnosis is clinical, blood gas analysis and colour Doppler ultrasonography of the corpora cavernosa confirmed the diagnosis. The arteriography with selective embolization constitutes a safe and effective therapeutic method...
November 2004: Actas Urologicas Españolas
P Abad, S Rigol, H Ezzedine, C Durán, D Ortega, M Martí, J Pinyot
The authors describe the case of two girls diagnosed of ovarian torsion secondary to a cyst. They were operated on by conservative ovarian therapy regardless the time of evolution and ovary macroscopical aspect. These 2 patients were 9 and 13 years old, with abdominal colic pain of 48 and 36 hours of evolution. The diagnosis by doppler sonography was ovarian torsion, with a 4 cms cyst in the right ovary in the first case and a 5 cms cyst in the left ovary in the second patient. Both patients were operated on...
October 2003: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
J M Ramos Rincón, D García Ruipérez, F Aliaga Matas, M C Lozano Cutillas, R Llanos Llanos, F Herrero Huerta
INTRODUCTION: The in hospital mortality is a marker of health care quality. It can be evaluated according by the principal diagnosis of disease or by Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG). OBJECTIVES: Know and to analyze the in hospital mortality and mortality rate (MR) in the patients admitted in the Hospital Morales Meseguer (Murcia) of II level of the INSALUD during 1999. METHODOLOGY: Study of the minimum basic group of data into the hospital...
October 2001: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
C H Castaño-Duque, M de Juan-Delago, J Muñoz-Casadevall, J Martí-Fábregas, E Franquet, J Ruscalleda-Nadal, E Guardia-Mas
INTRODUCTION: The acute vertebrobasilar occlussion is usually a life-treatening disease leading to death or major disability. The treatment with heparin and the selective fibrinolysis no show good results, for this reason the local intra-arterial fibrinolysis appear as the choice treatment in patients with stroke and a agiography with basilar artery occlussion or intracranial vertebral artery occlusion. This tecnique has been proved to be effective treatment for selected patients with acute thromboembolic occlusion of the middle cerebral artery, ophthalmic artery and vertebrobasilar system, reducing the mortality in the vertebrobasilar system from 90% to 40%...
May 16, 2001: Revista de Neurologia
J A Gutiérrez Fuentes, J Gómez-Jerique, A Gómez De La Cámara, M Angel Rubio, A García Hernández, I Arístegui
BACKGROUND: To describe the evolution of cardiovascular profile in a sample of the Spanish general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Study cohort of 1,800 subjects from the Diet and Cardiovascular Risk in Spain study (DRECE I) with and without cardiovascular risk according to Spanish Society of Arteriosclerosis guidelines (CRSSA) followed during five years. RESULTS: Mean follow up was 4.8 years. High blood pressure (>= 140/90 mmHg), total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, triglycerides > 150 mg/dl and HDLc < 35 mg/dl were present in a 55...
December 2, 2000: Medicina Clínica
E Moliner Calderón, E López Bernal, G Ginovart Galiana, J Nadal Amat, J Cubells Riero
Background Cerebral venous thrombosis is an inusual disease in neonatal age. Increasing reports of this disorder had described since magnetic resonance angiography is used. Case report Newborn of apropriate seze for gestational age was delivered at 35 weeks of gestation. Refered a severe hipoxic-isquemic disease with multisistemic afectation. The second day of life presented disseminated intravascular coagulation with pulmonary bleeding. The third day, the infant developed seizures that required treatment with diazepam in continuous perfussion...
January 2000: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
J F Sánchez, L García, M Chiquero, G Lozano, S Pérez, T Alonso, L M Salazar, A Bacaicoa, R Magadán
OBJECTIVES: Several clinical trials have demonstrated that antithrombotic treatment may be effective in prevention of stroke in nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to assess if we follow clinical trial recommendations in community practice. METHODS: We analyzed 225 medical records of patients diagnosed of nonrheumatic AF in Cáceres, during February and March 1998. Patients who were contraindicated to follow antiagreggation or anti-coagulation treatment were excluded...
November 1999: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
W S Avila, M Grinberg, N R Melo, J Aristodemo Pinotti, F Pileggi
PURPOSE: To analyse efficacy, tolerance and adverse events of reversible contraceptives in women with cardiac disease. METHODS: We studied prospectively during 24-39 (mean = 29) months, 89 women with heart disease with a mean age of 25.6 (16-42) years. Rheumatic heart disease was present in 73 (82%) cases, congenital heart disease in 11 (11%), coronary artery disease in 2 (2%) and cardiomyopathy in 3 (3%) case. The patients were divided in three groups: GCO--35 patients taking combined oral contraceptives (30 micrograms ethinyl estradiol and 75 micrograms gestodene--COs); GIT--27 using injectable progestagens (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate-DMPA) and GUID--27 with intrauterine device (IUD)...
April 1996: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
J C Tascón, Z Kabbani, A Albarrán, A Carnero, J Rodríguez
There has recently been an increasing interest in beneficial effects of cardiac pacing in patients with myocardial diseases, especially in Obstructive Hypertrophic and Dilated Cardiomyopathy. The experience with dual-chamber pacing for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is now important. DDD pacing for sinus rhythm patients and VVI pacing in patients with atrial fibrillation have shown considerable symptomatic improvement, with a significant decrease of angina, dyspnea, presyncope and frank syncope. It has been suggested that DDD pacing may prevent sudden death and improve survival rates in these patients, but this has not yet been established...
August 1996: Revista Española de Cardiología
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