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Hughe's syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926943/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#1
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926500/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#2
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926408/anti-ganglioside-antibodies-in-peripheral-nerve-pathology
#3
Hugh J Willison
Anti-ganglioside antibodies are principally associated with autoimmune peripheral neuropathies. In these disorders, immune attack is inadvertently directed at peripheral nerve by autoantibodies that target glycan structures borne by glycolipids, particularly gangliosides concentrated in nerve myelin and axons. The most thoroughly studied disorder is the acute paralytic disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in which IgG autoantibodies against gangliosides arise following acute infections, notably Campylobacter jejuni enteritis...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916293/new-onset-seizures-as-a-sole-clinical-presentation-of-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Mariam Al Hussona, Hugh Kearney, Arie Fisher, John Lynch, Seamus Looby, Norman Delanty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epileptic seizures frequently occur in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and are thought to represent a manifestation of cortical pathology. However, at present, seizures are not considered to be a typical clinical presentation of demyelination. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this case series, we identified four people, who presented with seizures as a sole presenting feature, with demyelinating imaging abnormalities that satisfy current diagnostic criteria for a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) or early MS...
June 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910770/motor-nerve-conduction-block-predicting-outcome-of-guillain-barre-syndrome
#5
Jingwen Niu, Mingsheng Liu, Qing Sun, Yi Li, Shuang Wu, Qingyun Ding, Yuzhou Guan, Liying Cui
Introduction: Motor nerve conduction blocks (CBs) could be detected in both acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) and acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN). We aimed to identify the correlation between CBs and functional outcome in the two subtypes of GBS. Methods: Motor nerve conduction studies were performed in 17 patients with AIDP and 23 with AMAN. All patients were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin, and their disabilities were evaluated with Hughes functional grading scale before treatment, 1 month and 6 months after onset...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860510/hughes-stovin-syndrome-the-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges-of-peripheral-pulmonary-artery-aneurysms
#6
Cal Robinson, Douglas Miller, Malcolm Will, Neeraj Dhaun, William Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851032/interventions-for-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Camille Hua, Romain Bosc, Emilie Sbidian, Nicolas De Prost, Carolyn Hughes, Patricia Jabre, Olivier Chosidow, Laurence Le Cleach
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) are severe and rapidly spreading soft tissue infections of the subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle, which are mostly caused by bacteria. Associated rates of mortality and morbidity are high, with the former estimated at around 23%, and disability, sequelae, and limb loss occurring in 15% of patients. Standard management includes intravenous empiric antimicrobial therapy, early surgical debridement of necrotic tissues, intensive care support, and adjuvant therapies such as intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)...
May 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849301/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-presenting-as-stroke-mimic
#8
Daniel Frick, Martin Huecker, Hugh Shoff
We present the case of a 33-year-old male with end stage renal disease presenting to the emergency department (ED) with headache, dizziness, and unilateral weakness. Initial concern was for ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). The patient was treated appropriately and made a full neurologic recovery. PRES is an under-recognized diagnosis in the ED. As a stroke mimic, PRES can lead the clinician on an incorrect diagnostic pathway with potential for iatrogenic harm...
August 2017: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847438/clinical-significance-of-a-waves-in-acute-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy
#9
Sindhuja Lakshminarasimhan, Chandramouleeswaran Venkatraman, Kannan Vellaichamy, Lakshminarasimhan Ranganathan
PURPOSE: A wave is a late response recognized during recording of F waves. Though they might be seen in healthy subjects, their presence assumes significance in a patient presenting with polyradiculoneuropathy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 75 patients with acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) were enrolled. They were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of A waves. Clinical features, electrophysiological parameters and extent of clinical recovery in short-term follow-up were analyzed...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805261/effect-of-serum-inflammatory-markers-on-the-prognosis-of-adult-and-pediatric-patients-with-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#10
Ozlem Ethemoglu, Mustafa Calik
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and albumin levels for their prognostic value in adult Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS-A) and pediatric Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS-P) patients. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 68 Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) patients (36 adults, 32 children) who were treated as inpatients at Harran University Faculty of Medicine, Neurology and Pediatric Neurology Departments...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796407/gender-differences-in-withdrawing-infants
#11
Sarah Stevens, Tyler Flaugher, Kaitlynn Hughes, Carson Terwilliger, Jessica Copley, Shekher Mohan
Objective . To assess gender differences in infants diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome at the Cabell Huntington Hospital in Huntington, West Virginia. Methods . This is a single-site retrospective chart review involving 97 infants born treated for neonatal abstinence syndrome at the Cabell Huntington Hospital between April and December 2015. Data were obtained from electronic medical records using a secure online survey tool designed using Qualtrics. Maternal demographics and drug screenings were collected...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794956/fitz-hugh-curtis-syndrome-in-adolescent-females-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#12
Hnin Khine, Sarah B Wren, Ohad Rotenberg, David L Goldman
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome is an extrapelvic manifestation of sexually transmitted infections. Partly because of the lack of specific clinical and laboratory features, this diagnosis is often missed or delayed. We describe a series of cases of patients with Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, where the diagnosis was initially not recognized and patients underwent extensive evaluations for their symptoms. Based on our experience, we also describe shared historical and physical features that may be useful in enhancing the recognition of patients with this disease...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787415/cooccurrence-of-post-intensive-care-syndrome-problems-among-406-survivors-of-critical-illness
#13
Annachiara Marra, Pratik P Pandharipande, Timothy D Girard, Mayur B Patel, Christopher G Hughes, James C Jackson, Jennifer L Thompson, Rameela Chandrasekhar, Eugene Wesley Ely, Nathan E Brummel
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency of cooccurring newly acquired cognitive impairment, disability in activities of daily livings, and depression among survivors of a critical illness and to evaluate predictors of being free of post-intensive care syndrome problems. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Medical and surgical ICUs from five U.S. centers. PATIENTS: Patients with respiratory failure or shock, excluding those with preexisting cognitive impairment or disability in activities of daily livings...
May 21, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780224/correlative-study-between-c-reactive-protein-clinical-severity-and-nerve-conduction-studies-in-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#14
Yosria A Altaweel, Sawsan Abdelaziz, Hala A Fathy, Shimaa AbdelBadea
Background: Guillain-Barre' syndrome (GBS) is a serious autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks healthy nerve cells of the peripheral nervous system causing polyradiculoneuropathy which leads to weakness, numbness, and tingling, and can eventually cause paralysis. Autoimmune conditions like GBS can induce a high level of inflammation resulting in an increase in the C-reactive protein( CRP) production. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between CRP level and the clinical severity as well as the electrophysiological findings of nerve conduction studies in patients with GBS...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747890/detection-and-prevention-of-perinatal-infection-cytomegalovirus-and-zika-virus
#15
REVIEW
Amber M Wood, Brenna L Hughes
Congenital cytomegalovirus is the most common viral congenital infection, and affects up to 2% of neonates. Significant sequelae may develop after congenital cytomegalovirus, including hearing loss, cognitive defects, seizures, and death. Zika virus is an emerging virus with perinatal implications; a congenital Zika virus syndrome has been identified, and includes findings such as microcephaly, fetal nervous system abnormalities, and neurologic sequelae after birth. Screening, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these perinatal infections are reviewed in this article...
June 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747820/gangliosides-and-autoimmune-peripheral-nerve-diseases
#16
John A Goodfellow, Hugh J Willison
A wide range of neuroimmunological diseases, referred to as autoimmune neuropathies, affect the peripheral nervous systems (PNS). The PNS is structurally diverse with complex anatomical compartments enriched in many different myelin and neuronal glycolipids, notably gangliosides. Autoimmune neuropathies are a proportion of autoimmune neuropathies mediated by autoimmune attack due to antibodies reactive with these compartmentally localized gangliosides. Antiganglioside antibodies are principally associated with the acute paralytic disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and are also found in several chronic autoimmune neuropathy syndromes...
2018: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705086/transaxillary-decompression-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-patients-presenting-with-cervical-ribs
#17
Hugh A Gelabert, David A Rigberg, Jessica B O'Connell, Sinan Jabori, Juan Carlos Jimenez, Steven Farley
OBJECTIVE: The transaxillary approach to thoracic outlet decompression in the presence of cervical ribs offers the advantage of less manipulation of the brachial plexus and associated nerves. This may result in reduced incidence of perioperative complications, such as nerve injuries. Our objective was to report contemporary data for a series of patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) and cervical ribs managed through a transaxillary approach. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively maintained database for all consecutive patients who underwent surgery for TOS and who had a cervical rib...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702369/barefoot-plantar-pressure-measurement-in-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome
#18
D Roscoe, A J Roberts, D Hulse, A Shaheen, M P Hughes, A Bennett
BACKGROUND: Patients with Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome (CECS) have exercise-limiting pain that subsides at rest. Diagnosis is confirmed by intramuscular compartment pressure (IMCP) measurement. Accompanying CECS, subjective changes to gait (foot slap) are frequently reported by patients. This has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in barefoot plantar pressure (BFPP) between CECS cases and asymptomatic controls prior to the onset of painful symptoms...
June 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695953/autoimmune-neurological-conditions-associated-with-zika-virus-infection
#19
REVIEW
Yeny Acosta-Ampudia, Diana M Monsalve, Luis F Castillo-Medina, Yhojan Rodríguez, Yovana Pacheco, Susan Halstead, Hugh J Willison, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Carolina Ramírez-Santana
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging flavivirus rapidly spreading throughout the tropical Americas. Aedes mosquitoes is the principal way of transmission of the virus to humans. ZIKV can be spread by transplacental, perinatal, and body fluids. ZIKV infection is often asymptomatic and those with symptoms present minor illness after 3 to 12 days of incubation, characterized by a mild and self-limiting disease with low-grade fever, conjunctivitis, widespread pruritic maculopapular rash, arthralgia and myalgia. ZIKV has been linked to a number of central and peripheral nervous system injuries such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), transverse myelitis (TM), meningoencephalitis, ophthalmological manifestations, and other neurological complications...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691307/effects-of-anterior-compartment-fasciotomy-on-intramuscular-compartment-pressure-in-patients-with-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome
#20
David Roscoe, A J Roberts, D Hulse, A F Shaheen, M P Hughes, A N Bennet
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) have pain during exercise that usually subsides at rest. Diagnosis is usually confirmed by measurement of intramuscular compartment pressure (IMCP) following exclusion of other possible causes. Management usually requires fasciotomy but reported outcomes vary widely. There is little evidence of the effectiveness of fasciotomy on IMCP. Testing is rarely repeated postoperatively and reported follow-up is poor. Improved diagnostic criteria based on preselection and IMCP levels during dynamic exercise testing have recently been reported...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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