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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451096/elevated-crp-at-admission-predicts-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-in-han-chinese-patients-with-intracranial-arterial-stenosis
#1
Jian Guo, Wei Su, Jinhuan Fang, Ning Chen, Muke Zhou, Yang Zhang, Li He
OBJECTIVES: Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have been associated with cognitive deficits in certain patient populations, but whether this is also true of ischemic stroke patients is controversial. This study aims to examine the possible association between CRP concentration and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) in Han Chinese patients and to determine whether this association depends on intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS). METHODS: Patients with mild or moderate stroke admitted to a large regional medical center in Western China were consecutively enrolled in our study...
February 16, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#2
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408566/pull-out-strength-of-four-tibial-fixation-devices-used-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
M Chivot, S Harrosh, F Kelberine, M Pithioux, J N Argenson, M Ollivier
INTRODUCTION: In reconstructions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), tibial fixation can be the weak point in the assembly during the early postoperative period. The present study sought to compare pull-out strength between 4 tibial fixation systems used in ACL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: The study hypothesis was that all 4 devices show ≥450N pull-out strength with comparable biomechanical breakage characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experimental study used a mechanical model to perform axial traction on a synthetic ligament (polypropylene cord folded in 4) implanted in an artificial tibia (Sawbones Proximal Tibia # 1116-2: model: normal anatomy; solid foam; size: medium) using 4 tibial fixation systems: Ligafix® interference screw (SBM™); Bio-Intrafix® (Mitek™); Translig® (SBM™); RIGIDfix® (SBM™)...
January 30, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395372/a-high-whey-protein-vitamin-d-and-e-supplement-preserves-muscle-mass-strength-and-quality-of-life-in-sarcopenic-older-adults-a%C3%A2-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Yacong Bo, Changfeng Liu, Zhe Ji, Ruihong Yang, Qianqian An, Xueyuan Zhang, Jie You, Dandan Duan, Yafei Sun, Yiwei Zhu, Han Cui, Quanjun Lu
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia, an age-related decline of muscle mass, strength, and physical function, was associated with falls, frailty, and poor quality of life. The aim of the current study is to examine the effect of nutritional supplement containing whey protein, vitamin D and E on measures of sarcopenia. METHODS: A total of 60 sarcopenic older adult subjects participated in the current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (iso-caloric control product) trial for 6 months...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383510/epidemiology-causes-evolution-and-outcome-in-a-single-center-cohort-of-1116-critically-ill-patients-with-hypoxic-hepatitis
#5
Astrid Van den Broecke, Laura Van Coile, Alexander Decruyenaere, Kirsten Colpaert, Dominique Benoit, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Johan Decruyenaere
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is a type of acute hepatic injury that is histologically characterized by centrilobular liver cell necrosis and that is caused by insufficient oxygen delivery to the hepatocytes. Typical for HH is the sudden and significant increase of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in response to cardiac, circulatory or respiratory failure. The aim of this study is to investigate its epidemiology, causes, evolution and outcome. METHODS: The screened population consisted of all adults admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) at the Ghent University Hospital between January 1, 2007 and September 21, 2015...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338852/simulation-based-multidisciplinary-team-training-decreases-time-to-critical-operations-for-trauma-patients
#6
Margaret Murphy, Kate Curtis, Mary K Lam, Cameron S Palmer, Jeremy Hsu, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: Simulation has been promoted as a platform for training trauma teams. However, it is not clear if this training has an impact on health service delivery and patient outcomes. This study evaluates the association between implementation of a simulation based multidisciplinary trauma team training program at a metropolitan trauma centre and subsequent patient outcomes. METHOD: This was a retrospective review of trauma registry data collected at an 850-bed Level 1 Adult Trauma Centre in Sydney, Australia...
January 8, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280978/effects-of-fusarium-head-blight-on-wheat-grain-and-malt-infected-by-fusarium-culmorum
#7
Valentina Spanic, Tihana Marcek, Ivan Abicic, Bojan Sarkanj
Fusarium head blight is a destructive disease of cereals worldwide. The aim of this research was to study the effect of heavy Fusarium infection with Fusarium culmorum and biosynthesis of mycotoxins on different wheat varieties during malting by setting up field trials with control and Fusarium-inoculated treatments at the Agricultural Institute Osijek. The highest occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins was expectedly recorded in susceptible variety in grain and malt (3247 and 1484 µg kg-1 for deoxynivalenol (DON), 735 and 1116 µg kg-1 for 3-acetyl deoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 37 and 233 µg kg-1 for zearalenone (ZEN), respectively)...
December 27, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244822/alcohol-consumption-and-breast-cancer-specific-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-at-the-new-york-site-of-the-breast-cancer-family-registry
#8
Nur Zeinomar, Ashley Thai, Ann J Cloud, Jasmine A McDonald, Yuyan Liao, Mary Beth Terry
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption is an established and important risk factor for breast cancer incidence in the general population. However, the relationship between alcohol and mortality among women with breast cancer is less clear. This study examines the effect of alcohol consumption on mortality in women affected with breast cancer at baseline from a high-risk family breast and ovarian cancer registry. METHODS: We studied 1116 women affected with breast cancer at baseline from the Metropolitan New York Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200610/investigations-of-medium-temperature-heat-treatments-to-achieve-low-outgassing-rates-in-stainless-steel-ultrahigh-vacuum-chambers
#9
Makfir Sefa, James A Fedchak, Julia Scherschligt
The authors investigated the outgassing rates and fluxes of vacuum chambers constructed from common 304L stainless steel vacuum components and subjected to heat treatments. Our goal was to obtain H2 outgassing flux on the order of 10-11 Pa l s-1cm-2 or better from standard stainless steel vacuum components readily available from a variety of manufacturers. The authors found that a medium-temperature bake in the range of 400 to 450°C, performed with the interior of the chamber under vacuum, was sufficient to produce the desired outgassing flux...
July 2017: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176827/who-is-more-likely-to-be-obese-or-overweight-among-siblings-a-nationally-representative-study-in-rural-china
#10
Jiajin Hu, Ning Ding, Shihan Zhen, Yang Liu, Deliang Wen
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the association between sibling rank and childhood obesity among children ≤ 5 years of age in rural China, and to investigate the effect of child gender and the obesity status of other siblings on this association. METHODS: Data from the China Family Panel Studies, a nationally representative survey, was used for the analysis. Sibling rank was defined as the birth order of all children with the same biological mother...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175130/urinary-incontinence-is-strongly-associated-with-depression-in-middle-aged-and-older-korean-women-data-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#11
Young-Mee Lim, Sa Ra Lee, Eun Ji Choi, Kyungah Jeong, Hye Won Chung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary incontinence (UI) and depression in middle-aged and older Korean women. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 1116 participants diagnosed with UI among 7486 respondents were included in this study, using data from a well-established survey that investigated a nationally representative population: the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA). Computer-assisted personal interviewing was used to assess the status of UI and depression...
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157340/mindful-application-of-aviation-practices-in-healthcare
#12
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Peter A Brennan, Mohammad Farhad Peerally, Narinder Kapur, Jonny M Hynes, Peter D Hodkinson
INTRODUCTION: Evidence supports the efficacy of incorporating select recognized aviation practices and procedures into healthcare. Incident analysis, debrief, safety brief, and crew resource management (CRM) have all been assessed for implementation within the UK healthcare system, a world leader in aviation-based patient safety initiatives. Mindful application, in which aviation practices are specifically tailored to the unique healthcare setting, show promise in terms of acceptance and long-term sustainment...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141059/a-retrospective-study-on-efficacy-of-pulsed-dye-laser-and-intense-pulsed-light-for-the-treatment-of-facial-telangiectasia
#13
Lin Gao, Ni Gao, Wenting Song, Erle Dang, Rong Yin, Li Wang, Gang Wang
<p>Both pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intense pulsed light (IPL) systems have been demonstrated to be effective for treatment of facial telangiectasia, however there have been very few comparative studies between both treatments involving purely Asian patient populations. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis to compare the efficacy of PDL and IPL systems for the treatment of facial telangiectasia. A total of 416 patients with facial telangiectasia who were treated by PDL or IPLs in our department from August 2012 to March 2015 were included in this study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135394/real-life-profile-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-in-turkey
#14
Zeynep Mısırlıgil, Arif Çımrın, Hakan Günen, Tevfik Özlü, Aykut Çilli, Levent Akyıldız, Hasan Bayram, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Esra Uzaslan, Öznur Abadoğlu, Mecit Suerdem
Introduction: Despite the presentation of similar symptoms, the airway diseases have different underlying pathophysiological processes and must be distinguished to enable the administration of appropriate treatment. In several studies the clinician- and patient-related causes of poor compliance to treatment in asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have been evaluated. This study aimed to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of newly diagnosed treatment-naïve asthma and COPD patients in Turkey...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131662/isoniazid-monoresistance-and-rate-of-culture-conversion-among-confirmed-tuberculosis-patients-in-the-state-of-georgia-2009-2014
#15
Argita D Salindri, Rose-Marie F Sales, Lauren DiMiceli, Marcos C Schechter, Russell R Kempker, Matthew J Magee
RATIONALE: Isoniazid-monoresistant tuberculosis (INH-monoresistant TB) is the most common drug-resistant TB type in the US; however, its impact on TB treatment outcomes is not clear. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to understand: 1) factors associated with INH-monoresistant TB and 2) the association between INH-monoresistance and response to TB treatment. METHODS: We studied all patients with TB aged ≥15 years reported to the Georgia State Electronic Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (SENDSS) from 2009-2014...
November 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109705/complete-genome-sequence-of-vibrio-campbellii-lmb-29-isolated-from-red-drum-with-four-native-megaplasmids
#16
Jinxin Liu, Zhe Zhao, Yiqing Deng, Yan Shi, Yupeng Liu, Chao Wu, Peng Luo, Chaoqun Hu
Vibrio spp. are the most common pathogens for animals reared in aquaculture. Vibrio campbellii, which is often involved in shrimp, fish and mollusks diseases, is widely distributed in the marine environment worldwide, but our knowledge about its pathogenesis and antimicrobial resistance is very limited. The existence of this knowledge gap is at least partially because that V. campbellii was originally classified as Vibrio harveyi, and the detailed information of its comparative genome analysis to other Vibrio spp...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105051/tumour-bed-boost-radiotherapy-for-women-after-breast-conserving-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Isabelle Kindts, Annouschka Laenen, Tom Depuydt, Caroline Weltens
BACKGROUND: Breast-conserving therapy, involving breast-conserving surgery followed by whole-breast irradiation and optionally a boost to the tumour bed, is a standard therapeutic option for women with early-stage breast cancer. A boost to the tumour bed means that an extra dose of radiation is applied that covers the initial tumour site. The rationale for a boost of radiotherapy to the tumour bed is that (i) local recurrence occurs mostly at the site of the primary tumour because remaining microscopic tumour cells are most likely situated there; and (ii) radiation can eliminate these causative microscopic tumour cells...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084020/use-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-nonischaemic-cardiomyopathy-a-u-turn
#18
Fiorenzo Gaita, Davide Castagno, Matteo Anselmino
: Use of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in primary prevention has been shown to reduce the risk of death among patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) due to ischaemic cardiomyopathy. However, among patients with heart failure and severe LVSD who do not have coronary artery disease, the evidence of ICD benefit is less robust. As a matter of fact, data supporting the use of ICD in such patients are limited to a few randomized controlled clinical trials that included a small number of patients, subgroup analysis of larger trials or meta-analysis...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079677/can-we-predict-development-of-impulsive-compulsive-behaviours-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Lucia Ricciardi, Christian Lambert, Rosa De Micco, Francesca Morgante, Mark Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and structural imaging predictors of impulsive-compulsive behaviour (ICB) in de novo Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: From a cohort of 1116 subjects from the Parkinson's Progression Marker Initiative database, we created a subcohort of 42 de novo PD without ICB at baseline with available 3T MRI and who developed ICB during follow-up. PD-ICB were matched for age, gender and disease duration to 42 patients with PD without ICB over follow-up (PD-no-ICB) and 42 healthy controls (HCs)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069836/genetic-analysis-of-the-vitamin-d-receptor-start-codon-polymorphism-foki-in-cervical-vertebra-and-lumbar-spine-pathologies-a-meta-analysis
#20
Xinyu Hu, Min Liu, Yanjun Ni, Guolong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) FokI polymorphism has been reported to influence the risk of spinal diseases. However, several studies suggest inconsistent results. Therefore, we performed this analysis to reveal the accurate relationship between VDR FokI polymorphism and spinal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 8 articles accord with the strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. 1116 cases and 1263 controls are entered into this analysis. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are calculated to evaluate the association between VDR gene polymorphism and spinal diseases...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
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