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Peter J Na, Kim B Kim, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Hae-Ra Han, Miyong T Kim, Hochang B Lee
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation among Korean American older adults and assess the self-rated mental health of Korean American older adults with suicidal ideation with or without depressive syndrome. METHODS: The Memory and Aging Study of Koreans is a cross-sectional, epidemiologic study of a community-representative sample of Korean American older adults (N = 1116) residing in the Baltimore-Washington area...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Sofian Berrouiguet, Maria Luisa Barrigón, Sara A Brandt, Santiago Ovejero-García, Raquel Álvarez-García, Juan Jose Carballo, Philippe Lenca, Philippe Courtet, Enrique Baca-García
PURPOSE: The emergence of electronic prescribing devices with clinical decision support systems (CDSS) is able to significantly improve management pharmacological treatments. We developed a web application available on smartphones in order to help clinicians monitor prescription and further propose CDSS. METHOD: A web application ( was developed to assess patients and collect data regarding gender, age, diagnosis and treatment. We analyzed antipsychotic prescriptions in 4345 patients attended in five Psychiatric Community Mental Health Centers from June 2014 to October 2014...
2016: PloS One
Hao Li, Jizong Zhao, Wen Wang, Lu Zhang, Qing Lan, Jiangfei Wang, Yong Cao, Jizong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a cerebrovascular disorder characterized by an abnormally bulged artery in the brain and subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by IA rupture with a high ratio of fatality and morbidity. However, the genetic etiology of IA remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dysregulated lncRNA-associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed by utilizing sample-matched microRNA (miRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and mRNA expression profiles in 12 saccular IA samples and paired control arteries...
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Jan Franko, Qian Shi, Jeffrey P Meyers, Timothy S Maughan, Richard A Adams, Matthew T Seymour, Leonard Saltz, Cornelis J A Punt, Miriam Koopman, Christophe Tournigand, Niall C Tebbutt, Eduardo Diaz-Rubio, John Souglakos, Alfredo Falcone, Benoist Chibaudel, Volker Heinemann, Joseph Moen, Aimery De Gramont, Daniel J Sargent, Axel Grothey
BACKGROUND: Patients with peritoneal metastatic colorectal cancer have reduced overall survival compared with patients with metastatic colorectal cancer without peritoneal involvement. Here we further investigated the effect of the number and location of metastases in patients receiving first-line systemic chemotherapy. METHODS: We analysed individual patient data for previously untreated patients enrolled in 14 phase 3 randomised trials done between 1997 and 2008...
October 12, 2016: Lancet Oncology
Mary Brolin, Maria Torres, Dominic Hodgkin, Constance Horgan, Margaret Lee, Elizabeth Merrick, Grant Ritter, Lee Panas, Natasha DeMarco, Jonna Hopwood, Andrea Gewirtz, John Straus, Janice Harrington, Nancy Lane
OBJECTIVE: Multiple detoxification admissions among clients with substance use disorders (SUD) are costly to the health care system. This study explored the impact on behavior and cost outcomes of recovery support navigator (RSN) services delivered with and without a contingent incentive intervention. METHODS: New intakes at four detoxification programs were offered RSN-only (N=1116) or RSN plus incentive (RSN+I; N=1551) services. The study used a group-level cross-over design with the intervention in place at each clinic reversed halfway through the enrollment period...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
K Kobayashi, S Hirota, Y Kako, S Yamamoto, H Takaki, K Yamakado
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate changes in liver stiffness, volume, and function before and after occlusion of spontaneous portosystemic shunt. MATERIALS & METHODS: Twenty-four patients (13 men and 11 women) with a mean age of 68.2 years±10.1 (SD) (age range, 49-82 years) underwent percutaneous occlusion of spontaneous portosystemic shunt because of gastric varices (n=17) or hepatic encephalopathy (n=7) from March 2011 to June 2013. The liver fibrosis index indicating liver stiffness was calculated by using ultrasound elastography before and after shunt occlusion...
September 20, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Qingzhou Guan, Rou Chen, Haidan Yan, Hao Cai, You Guo, Mengyao Li, Xiangyu Li, Mengsha Tong, Lu Ao, Hongdong Li, Guini Hong, Zheng Guo
The highly stable within-sample relative expression orderings (REOs) of gene pairs in a particular type of human normal tissue are widely reversed in the cancer condition. Based on this finding, we have recently proposed an algorithm named RankComp to detect differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for individual disease samples measured by a particular platform. In this paper, with 461 normal lung tissue samples separately measured by four commonly used platforms, we demonstrated that tens of millions of gene pairs with significantly stable REOs in normal lung tissue can be consistently detected in samples measured by different platforms...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Chris G Adigun, Tracey C Vlahovic, Michael B McClellan, Kailas D Thakker, Ryan R Klein, Tuan A Elstrom, Daniel B Ward
BACKGROUND: Poly-ureaurethane has been previously described for the management of dry, brittle, and in general, dystrophic nails. The polymer yields a waterproof, breathable barrier to protect the nail plate and prevent further damage to the nail, while regulating transonychial water loss (TOWL). Because nail dystrophy and dessication are contributing factors to onychomycosis, a barrier that protects the nail but also allows a topical antifungal to permeate its shield is potentially an advantageous combination...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
David M Fothergill, Allison R Loiselle, Anthony R Reinhold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Hongnian Sun, Dongdong Zhao, Bin Xiong, Chunzhi Zhang, Changhao Bi
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium glutamicum was used as a metabolic engineering chassis for production of crude violacein (mixture of violacein and deoxyviolacein) due to Corynebacterium's GRAS status and advantages in tryptophan fermentation. The violacein is a commercially potential compound with various applications derived from L-tryptophan. RESULTS: Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 21850 that could produce 162.98 mg L(-1) tryptophan was employed as a novel host for metabolic engineering chassis...
2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Yuanyuan Li, Qifa Cai, Lei Wang, Qingwei Li, Xiang Peng, Biao Gao, Kaifu Huo, Paul K Chu
Rechargeable lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are promising in high-energy storage due to the large specific energy density of about 2600 W h kg(-1). However, the low conductivity of sulfur and discharge products as well as polysulfide-shuttle effect between the cathode and anode hamper applications of Li-S batteries. Herein, we describe a novel and efficient S host material consisting of mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals (NCs) fabricated in situ on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) for Li-S batteries. The TiO2@rGO hybrid can be loaded with 72 wt % sulfur...
September 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
N J Robinson, R S Dean, M Cobb, M L Brennan
It is currently unclear how frequently a diagnosis is made during small-animal consultations or how much of a role making a diagnosis plays in veterinary decision-making. Understanding more about the diagnostic process will help direct future research towards areas relevant to practicing veterinary surgeons. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency with which a diagnosis was made, classify the types of diagnosis made (and the factors influencing these) and determine which specific diagnoses were made for health problems discussed during small-animal consultations...
September 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Denise A Rokitka, Colleen Curtin, Jennifer E Heffler, Michael A Zevon, Kris Attwood, Martin C Mahoney
PURPOSE: Surveillance for long-term complications related to previous cancer therapy can help diagnose/manage chronic health conditions in childhood cancer survivors and improve survivor quality of life. However, a challenge to delivering long-term care to childhood cancer survivors is loss to follow-up; many patients discontinue care at specialized survivor care centers. The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of loss to follow-up among a cohort of childhood cancer survivors...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Sardar Sindhu, Areej Al-Roub, Merin Koshy, Reeby Thomas, Rasheed Ahmad
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obese individuals are known to have increased Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plasma levels and MMP-9 is reported to play an important role in obesity-associated adipose tissue inflammation. Since in obesity, the levels of circulatory saturated free fatty acid (FFA) palmitate (palimitic acid) are increased and modulate the expression of inflammatory mediators, the role of palmitate in the regulation of MMP-9 remains unclear. METHODS: Human monocytic cell line THP-1 and primary monocytes were stimulated with palmitate and TNF-α (positive control)...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Aleksandra Sobiecka, Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Milena Rutkowska, Tomasz Latos, Jerzy Walecki
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the percentage of unjustified examinations among all the CT and MRI studies performed by two radiology departments and to determine the types of examinations which are most commonly carried out unnecessarily. MATERIAL/METHODS: Three radiologists assessed the justification of CT and MRI examinations performed during a period of 14 days based on the referrals. The radiologists assessed 799 referrals for CT scans (847 examinations of a particular part of the body) and 269 MRI referrals (269 examinations)...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Chenjie Zeng, Xingyi Guo, Jirong Long, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Arnaud Droit, Kyriaki Michailidou, Maya Ghoussaini, Siddhartha Kar, Adam Freeman, John L Hopper, Roger L Milne, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Joe Dennis, Simona Agata, Shahana Ahmed, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia N Antonenkova, Adalgeir Arason, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Francois Bacot, Daniel Barrowdale, Caroline Baynes, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Carl Blomqvist, William J Blot, Natalia V Bogdanova, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Borresen-Dale, Judith S Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Annegien Broeks, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Saundra S Buys, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldes, Ian Campbell, Jane Carpenter, Jenny Chang-Claude, Ji-Yeob Choi, Kathleen B M Claes, Christine Clarke, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Miguel de la Hoya, Kim De Leeneer, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Susan M Domchek, Michele Doody, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Martine Dumont, Miriam Dwek, Bernd Dworniczak, Kathleen Egan, Ursula Eilber, Zakaria Einbeigi, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, Debra Frost, Fiona Lalloo, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Henrik Flyger, Michael Friedlander, Eitan Friedman, Gaetana Gambino, Yu-Tang Gao, Judy Garber, Montserrat García-Closas, Andrea Gehrig, Francesca Damiola, Fabienne Lesueur, Sylvie Mazoyer, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Graham G Giles, Andrew K Godwin, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Mark H Greene, Pascal Guénel, Lothar Haeberle, Christopher A Haiman, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Steven Hart, Jaana M Hartikainen, Mikael Hartman, Norhashimah Hassan, Sue Healey, Frans B L Hogervorst, Senno Verhoef, Carolyn B Hendricks, Peter Hillemanns, Antoinette Hollestelle, Peter J Hulick, David J Hunter, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Katarzyna Jaworska-Bieniek, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Charles Joly Beauparlant, Michael Jones, Maria Kabisch, Daehee Kang, Beth Y Karlan, Saila Kauppila, Michael J Kerin, Sofia Khan, Elza Khusnutdinova, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Peter Kraft, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Conxi Lazaro, Loic Le Marchand, Chuen Neng Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Jenny Lester, Jingmei Li, Annelie Liljegren, Annika Lindblom, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jan Lubinski, Phuong L Mai, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, Keitaro Matsuo, Lesley McGuffog, Alfons Meindl, Florence Menegaux, Marco Montagna, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Katherine L Nathanson, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Polly A Newcomb, Silje Nord, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Curtis Olswold, Ana Osorio, Laura Papi, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Ylva Paulsson-Karlsson, Stephanie Peeters, Bernard Peissel, Paolo Peterlongo, Julian Peto, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Nadege Presneau, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Susan J Ramus, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Gad Rennert, Kerstin Rhiem, Anja Rudolph, Ritu Salani, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Minouk J Schoemaker, Peter Schürmann, Caroline Seynaeve, Chen-Yang Shen, Martha J Shrubsole, Xiao-Ou Shu, Alice Sigurdson, Christian F Singer, Susan Slager, Penny Soucy, Melissa Southey, Doris Steinemann, Anthony Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Sandrine Tchatchou, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo H Teo, Mary Beth Terry, Daniel C Tessier, Alex Teulé, Mads Thomassen, Laima Tihomirova, Marc Tischkowitz, Amanda E Toland, Nadine Tung, Clare Turnbull, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, David Ven den Berg, Joseph Vijai, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Alice S Whittemore, Robert Winqvist, Tien Y Wong, Anna H Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Paul D P Pharoah, Per Hall, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Alison M Dunning, Jacques Simard, Fergus J Couch, Antonis C Antoniou, Douglas F Easton, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Multiple recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs10771399, at 12p11 that is associated with breast cancer risk. METHOD: We performed a fine-scale mapping study of a 700 kb region including 441 genotyped and more than 1300 imputed genetic variants in 48,155 cases and 43,612 controls of European descent, 6269 cases and 6624 controls of East Asian descent and 1116 cases and 932 controls of African descent in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC; http://bcac...
2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
András Telekes
Clostridium difficile infection is one of the most frequent among cancer patients. Its diagnosis is complicated by the fact that the symptoms of the infection and the side effects of the anticancer treatments could be similar. Chemotherapy itself might facilitate Clostridium difficile infection. Several risk factors are known but Clostridium difficile infection can develop in the absence of these. Neutreopenia is a risk factor for fatal Clostridium difficile infection and also the side effect of chemotherapy...
July 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
O Kermani, G Gerten
PURPOSE: Multifocal intraocular lenses (MF-IOL) are implanted for visual rehabilitation after cataract operation and refractive lens exchange (RLE). In this retrospective study, the frequency, causes and course of MF-IOL explantation are investigated. SETTING: Private eye clinic, Cologne, Germany. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, a total of 1438 eyes were supplied with a hydrophobic, aspherical, diffractive, multifocal posterior chamber lens (PCL) of type: Acrysof ReSTOR and ReSTOR toric, with near additions of + 2...
August 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Yu-Qing Pei, Yue Wu, Fei Wang, Wei Cui
The understanding of genetic basis for Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) has got much progress in recent years. But the effect of CALR vs. JAK2V617F mutations on the clinical progression and prognosis of primary fibrosis (PMF) remains relatively obscure. In this meta-analysis, we searched Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science databases for observational studies published until February 2016. Researches that evaluated CALR vs. JAK2V617F mutations on PMF-relevant complications (splenomegaly, leukemic transformation, or thrombosis) and overall survival were selected...
September 2016: Annals of Hematology
Owen F Price, Trent Penman, Ross Bradstock, Rittick Borah
Wildfires are complex adaptive systems, and have been hypothesized to exhibit scale-dependent transitions in the drivers of fire spread. Among other things, this makes the prediction of final fire size from conditions at the ignition difficult. We test this hypothesis by conducting a multi-scale statistical modelling of the factors determining whether fires reached 10 ha, then 100 ha then 1000 ha and the final size of fires >1000 ha. At each stage, the predictors were measures of weather, fuels, topography and fire suppression...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
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