Read by QxMD icon Read


Tarani Chandola, Nan Zhang
Background: There is little evidence on whether becoming re-employed in poor quality work is better for health and well-being than remaining unemployed. We examined associations of job transition with health and chronic stress-related biomarkers among a population-representative cohort of unemployed British adults. Methods: A prospective cohort of 1116 eligible participants aged 35 to 75 years, who were unemployed at wave 1 (2009/10) of the UK Household Longitudinal Study, were followed up at waves 2 (2010/11) and 3 (2011/12) for allostatic load biomarkers and self-reported health...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
D P Dharmastuti, A N Agni, F Widyaputri, S Pawiroranu, Z M Sofro, F S Wardhana, S Haryanto, T W Widayanti, S Kotha, P Gupta, M B Sasongko
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetes adults. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study of adults with type 2 diabetes. DR was assessed from disc- and macula-centred fundus photograph, and categorised into mild, moderate non-proliferative DR (NPDR), and Vision-Threatening DR (VTDR). Worse eye was used to determine the person's DR severity. PA was assessed using WHO Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ)...
October 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Tobias Kowatsch, Andreas Filler, Michael P Schaub
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a technology-based integrated smoking cessation and alcohol intervention versus a smoking cessation only intervention in adolescents. METHODS: This was a two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial with assessments at baseline and six months follow-up. Subjects in both groups received tailored mobile phone text messages to support smoking cessation for 3months, and the option of registering for a program incorporating strategies for smoking cessation centred around a self-defined quit date...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Wendy E Kaye, Laurie Wagner, Ruoming Wu, Paul Mehta
Our objective was to evaluate the completeness of the United States National ALS Registry (Registry). We compared persons with ALS who were passively identified by the Registry with those actively identified in the State and Metropolitan Area ALS Surveillance project. Cases in the two projects were matched using a combination of identifiers, including, partial social security number, name, date of birth, and sex. The distributions of cases from the two projects that matched/did not match were compared and Chi-square tests conducted to determine statistical significance...
October 11, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Qingyu Zhang, Rui Yu, Daoyang Sun, Zhangzhen Bai, Hong Li, Liang Xue, Yanlong Zhang, Lixin Niu
Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases (LPAATs) are essential for the acylation of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and the synthesis of phosphatidic acid (PA), a key intermediate in the synthesis of membrane phospholipids and storage lipids. Here, a putative lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase gene, designated PrLPAAT4, was isolated from seed unsaturated fatty acid (UFA)-rich P. rockii. The complete PrLPAAT4 cDNA contained a 1116-bp open reading frame (ORF), encoding a 42.9 kDa protein with 371 amino acid residues...
October 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ekim Z Taskiran, Beren Karaosmanoglu, Can Koşukcu, Özlem A Doğan, Hande Taylan-Şekeroğlu, Pelin Ö Şimşek-Kiper, Eda G Utine, Koray Boduroğlu, Mehmet Alikaşifoğlu
Two sisters from a consanguineous couple were seen in genetics department for facial dysmorphic features and glaucoma. They both had broad foreheads, hypertelorism, megalocorneas, thick eyebrows with synophrys, flat malar regions, broad and bulbous noses, and mild prognathism. Both had glaucoma, younger one also had cataracts and phthisis bulbi. Other findings included bilateral partial cutaneous syndactyly of 2nd and 3rd fingers, history of impacted teeth with dentigerous cyst in the elder one, and intellectual disability (mild and borderline)...
October 8, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Sina Stock, Ulrich Stierle, Stefan Klotz, Efstratios I Charitos, Michael Diwoky, Doreen Richardt
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to fine-tune the decision making for ascending aorta treatment in bicuspid aortic valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 1693 patients with a primary indication for aortic valve surgery were investigated retrospectively with respect to a multifactorial decision-making policy including the z score and the clinical outcome in relation to different techniques for ascending aorta treatment (no intervention n = 1116; intervention n = 577 either by ascending aorta replacement n = 404 or aortoplasty n = 173)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Bernd Kaifler, Christian Büdenbender, Peter Mahnke, Matthias Damm, Daniel Sauder, Natalie Kaifler, Markus Rapp
We report on the development of a pulsed neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser operating at a 1116 nm wavelength. Because the third harmonic is within a few gigahertz of the 372 nm absorption line of iron, this laser system represents an alternative to alexandrite lasers commonly used in iron fluorescence lidars. With our prototype, we achieved a 0.5 W at 372 nm wavelength and a 100 Hz pulse repetition frequency. As a proof of concept, we show iron density measurements, which have been acquired using the novel lidar transmitter...
August 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Mikaela Jorgensen, Joyce Siette, Andrew Georgiou, Andrew Warland, Johanna Westbrook
OBJECTIVE: To examine home care service-related and person-based factors associated with time to entry into permanent residential aged care. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study using routinely collected client management data. SETTING: A large aged care service provider in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1116 people aged 60 years and older who commenced home care services for higher-level needs between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2016...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Yufei Feng, Chao Li, Tian Zhang, Lorenzo Pradelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Parenteral nutrition (PN) incorporating omega-3 fatty-acid-enriched lipid emulsions has been shown to be cost effective in Western populations. A pharmacoeconomic evaluation was performed within the Chinese intensive care unit (ICU) setting. This assessed whether the additional acquisition cost of PN with omega-3 fatty-acid-enriched lipid emulsion (SMOFlipid) vs standard PN was offset by improved clinical outcomes that can reduce subsequent costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pharmacoeconomic discrete event simulation model was developed, based on an update to efficacy data from a previous international meta-analysis, with China-specific clinical and economic input parameters...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
L Dixon, K Garcez, L W Lee, A Sykes, N Slevin, D Thomson
AIMS: Treatment for head and neck cancers using definitive radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy, is associated with significant acute toxicity. Our aim was to assess 90 day mortality after radical radiotherapy. A further aim was to identify patient, tumour or treatment factors associated with early death after treatment and whether these could be used to predict outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 1116 patients with squamous cell pharyngeal and larynx cancer between January 2011 and December 2015 were included...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Casey D Frey, Taylor A Wilson, Mason Decamillis, Thomas Wilson, John A Wilson, Stacey Q Wolfe, Kyle M Fargen
BACKGROUND: Large-scale studies analyzing neurosurgical published research are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to assess the feasibility of an ongoing annual neurosurgical literature and research analysis of published manuscripts in English language neurosurgery journals. METHODS: All scientific manuscripts published during 2015 in the print version of 14 English language neurosurgery journals were reviewed individually. RESULTS: A total of 4065 manuscripts were published in the 14 neurosurgical journals during 2015...
September 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
Natiely Natalyane Dolci, Fabian Sá, Eunice da Costa Machado, Ricardo Krul, Renato Rodrigues Neto
Levels of trace elements were investigated in feathers of 51 adults and 47 eggshells of brown boobies Sula leucogaster from one bird colony in the Marine National Park of Currais Islands, Brazil, between December 2013 and October 2014. Average concentrations (μg g(-1), dry weight) in feathers and eggshells, respectively, were Al 50.62-9.58, As 0.35-2.37, Cd 0.05-0.03, Co 0.38-2.1, Cu 15.12-0.99, Fe 47.47-22.92, Mg 815.71-1116.92, Ni 0.29-11.85, and Zn 94.16-1.98. In both arrays, the average concentration of Mg was the highest among all the elements analyzed, while the lowest was recorded for Cd...
September 10, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Karine E Pigeon, Etienne Cardinal, Gordon B Stenhouse, Steeve D Côté
In their critique of our recent article in Oecologia (Pigeon et al. Oecologia 181:1101-1116, 2016a) investigating the influence of ambient temperature on brown bear habitat selection, Ordiz et al. (2017, current issue) argue that we downplay the role of human disturbance on bear behavior, and that we wrongly report on the findings of Ordiz et al. (Oecologia 166:59-67, 2011). We argue that our previous article in Oecologia (Pigeon et al. 2016a) by no means downplays the influence of human factors on bear behavior, and that we correctly stated that Ordiz et al...
September 9, 2017: Oecologia
Marie Bayer Elming, Jens C Nielsen, Jens Haarbo, Lars Videbæk, Eva Korup, James Signorovitch, Line Lisbeth Olesen, Per Hildebrandt, Flemming H Steffensen, Niels E Bruun, Hans Eiskjær, Axel Brandes, Anna M Thøgersen, Finn Gustafsson, Kenneth Egstrup, Regitze Videbæk, Christian Hassager, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Dan E Høfsten, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Steen Pehrson, Lars Køber, Jens Jakob Thune
Background -The Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD) in Patients with Non-ischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality (DANISH) did not demonstrate an overall effect on all-cause mortality with ICD implantation. However, the pre-specified subgroup analysis suggested a possible age-dependent association between the ICD and mortality with survival benefit seen only in the youngest patients. The nature of this relationship between age and outcome of a primary prevention ICD in patients with non-ischemic systolic heart failure warrants further investigation...
September 6, 2017: Circulation
Rupa Iyer, Brian Iken, Ashish Damania
P. nitroreducens DF05 is a Gram negative, motile, aerobic, rod-shaped and psychrotrophic bacterium that was isolated from contaminated San Jacinto River sediment near River Terrace Park in Channelview, Texas. The draft genome of strain DF05 consists of a total of 192 contigs assembled at the scaffold level totaling 6,487,527 bp and encoding for 5862 functional proteins, 1116 of which are annotated as hypothetical proteins. The bacterial chromosome has a GC content of 65.15% and contains 22 rRNA and 70 tRNA loci...
December 2017: Genomics Data
N Al-Yateem, M Al-Tamimi, M Brenner, H Altawil, A Ahmad, S Brownie
BACKGROUND: Globally, nurses are undertaking expanded and more specialized roles in healthcare planning and service delivery in response to changing patterns and levels of health service demand. This means the nursing profession is increasingly considered as leaders in health service policy, research and practice. The United Arab Emirates has strengthened nursing governance and practice by establishing a Nursing and Midwifery Council and increasing the activity of nursing specialization, service leadership and research...
August 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
Kipling M Bohnert, Erin E Bonar, J Todd Arnedt, Deirdre A Conroy, Maureen A Walton, Mark A Ilgen
BACKGROUND: Little is known about motives for cannabis use among the population of adults using cannabis medically. Therefore, we evaluated the performance of the 12 factor, 36-item Comprehensive Marijuana Motives Questionnaire (CMMQ) among a sample of medical cannabis patients. METHODS: Study participants were adults ages 21years or older with scheduled appointments to obtain new or renewed medical cannabis certification from clinics in one Midwestern state (n=1116)...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Qingli Huang, Dingkun Xie, Huiling Mao, Haizhou Wang, Zhen Wu, Keyi Huang, Yiqi Wan, Qun Xu, Chengyu Hu
p53, NF-κB and PKR are well-known to be involved in antiviral response. Although p53 has been reported in fish, its role in the regulation of NF-κB and PKR is not well understood. Here, we cloned and characterized the full length of cDNA sequence of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) p53 (Cip53) and its promoter sequence. The full length cDNA of Cip53 was 1879 bp with an ORF of 1116 bp encoding a polypeptide of 371 amino acids. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that Cip53 shares high homology with Dario rerio p53 (Drp53)...
August 14, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Femmie Juffer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) is a social-learning and attachment-based intervention using video feedback to support sensitive parenting and at the same time setting firm limits. Empirical studies and meta-analyses have shown that sensitive parenting is the key determinant to promote secure child-parent attachment relationships and that adequate parental discipline contributes to fewer behavior problems in children. Building on this evidence, VIPP-SD has been tested in various populations of at-risk parents and vulnerable children (in the age range of zero to six years), as well as in the context of child care...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"