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P Grogger, C Sacher, S Weber, G Millesi, R Seemann
Deviations in measuring dentofacial components in a lateral X-ray represent a major hurdle in the subsequent treatment of dysgnathic patients. In a retrospective study, we investigated the most prevalent source of error in the following commonly used cephalometric measurements: the angles Sella-Nasion-Point A (SNA), Sella-Nasion-Point B (SNB) and Point A-Nasion-Point B (ANB); the Wits appraisal; the anteroposterior dysplasia indicator (APDI); and the overbite depth indicator (ODI). Preoperative lateral radiographic images of patients with dentofacial deformities were collected and the landmarks digitally traced by three independent raters...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hong Wang, XiaoXiao Chang, Jing Lin, Youhong Chang, Jen-Chih Chen, Michael S Reid, Cai-Zhong Jiang
The genetic regulatory mechanisms that govern natural corolla senescence in petunia are not well understood. To identify key genes and pathways that regulate the process, we performed a transcriptome analysis in petunia corolla at four developmental stages, including corolla fully opening without anther dehiscence (D0), corolla expansion, 2 days after anthesis (D2), corolla with initial signs of senescence (D4), and wilting corolla (D7). We identified large numbers of differentially expressed genes (DEGs), ranging from 4626 between the transition from D0 and D2, 1116 between D2 and D4, a transition to the onset of flower senescence, and 327 between D4 and D7, a developmental stage representing flower senescence...
2018: Horticulture Research
Antonio Muscari, Ilaria Spiller, Giampaolo Bianchi, Elisa Fabbri, Paola Forti, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
BACKGROUND: Several predictors of cognitive impairment assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) have previously been identified. However, which predictors are the most relevant and what is their effect on MMSE categories remains unclear. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study using data from 1116 older adults (72.6 ± 5.6 years, 579 female), 350 of whom were followed for 7 years. At baseline, the following variables were collected: personal data, marital status, occupation, anthropometric measures, risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health and physical activity during the last week...
March 27, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Adugna Abdi Woldesemayat, David M Modise, Junaid Gemeildien, Bongani K Ndimba, Alan Christoffels
BACKGROUND: Crop response to the changing climate and unpredictable effects of global warming with adverse conditions such as drought stress has brought concerns about food security to the fore; crop yield loss is a major cause of concern in this regard. Identification of genes with multiple responses across environmental stresses is the genetic foundation that leads to crop adaptation to environmental perturbations. METHODS: In this paper, we introduce an integrated approach to assess candidate genes for multiple stress responses across-species...
2018: PloS One
Fiona Cowdell, Judith Dyson, Judith Long, Una Macleod
AIM: To identify the frequency and impact of self-reported skin concerns in community-dwelling older people. BACKGROUND: Globally, the population is getting older and it is essential to develop effective interventions to promote healthy ageing. Skin change with age is inevitable and renders this often neglected organ more vulnerable to damage and breakdown; this can be costly to individuals and society. Maintenance of skin health in older people presents a health challenge that has yet to be fully understood or addressed...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Magda Cepeda, Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank J A van Rooij, Henning Tiemeier, Mònica Guxens, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) have seasonal patterns. It remains unclear how these patterns are associated with sleep, meteorological factors, and health. METHODS: Activity levels were continuously measured with an accelerometer for seven days between July 2011 and May 2016, among middle-aged (50-64 years), young-elderly (65-74 years) and old-elderly (≥75 years) participants of a population-based Dutch cohort study (n = 1116)...
April 2018: Maturitas
Jian Guo, Wei Su, Jinhuan Fang, Ning Chen, Muke Zhou, Yang Zhang, Li He
OBJECTIVES: Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have been associated with cognitive deficits in certain patient populations, but whether this is also true of ischemic stroke patients is controversial. This study aims to examine the possible association between CRP concentration and post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) in Han Chinese patients and to determine whether this association depends on intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS). METHODS: Patients with mild or moderate stroke admitted to a large regional medical center in Western China were consecutively enrolled in our study...
April 2018: Neurological Research
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
M Chivot, S Harrosh, F Kelberine, M Pithioux, J-N Argenson, M Ollivier
INTRODUCTION: In reconstructions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), tibial fixation can be the weak point in the assembly during the early postoperative period. The present study sought to compare pull-out strength between four tibial fixation systems used in ACL reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS: The study hypothesis was that all four devices show ≥450N pull-out strength with comparable biomechanical breakage characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An experimental study used a mechanical model to perform axial traction on a synthetic ligament (polypropylene cord folded in four) implanted in an artificial tibia (Sawbones Proximal Tibia # 1116-2: model: normal anatomy; solid foam; size: medium) using four tibial fixation systems: Ligafix® interference screw (SBM™); Bio-Intrafix® (Mitek™); Translig® (SBM™); RIGIDfix® (SBM™)...
January 31, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Yacong Bo, Changfeng Liu, Zhe Ji, Ruihong Yang, Qianqian An, Xueyuan Zhang, Jie You, Dandan Duan, Yafei Sun, Yiwei Zhu, Han Cui, Quanjun Lu
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia, an age-related decline of muscle mass, strength, and physical function, was associated with falls, frailty, and poor quality of life. The aim of the current study is to examine the effect of nutritional supplement containing whey protein, vitamin D and E on measures of sarcopenia. METHODS: A total of 60 sarcopenic older adult subjects participated in the current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (iso-caloric control product) trial for 6 months...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Astrid Van den Broecke, Laura Van Coile, Alexander Decruyenaere, Kirsten Colpaert, Dominique Benoit, Hans Van Vlierberghe, Johan Decruyenaere
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic hepatitis (HH) is a type of acute hepatic injury that is histologically characterized by centrilobular liver cell necrosis and that is caused by insufficient oxygen delivery to the hepatocytes. Typical for HH is the sudden and significant increase of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in response to cardiac, circulatory or respiratory failure. The aim of this study is to investigate its epidemiology, causes, evolution and outcome. METHODS: The screened population consisted of all adults admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) at the Ghent University Hospital between January 1, 2007 and September 21, 2015...
January 30, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Margaret Murphy, Kate Curtis, Mary K Lam, Cameron S Palmer, Jeremy Hsu, Andrea McCloughen
BACKGROUND: Simulation has been promoted as a platform for training trauma teams. However, it is not clear if this training has an impact on health service delivery and patient outcomes. This study evaluates the association between implementation of a simulation based multidisciplinary trauma team training program at a metropolitan trauma centre and subsequent patient outcomes. METHOD: This was a retrospective review of trauma registry data collected at an 850-bed Level 1 Adult Trauma Centre in Sydney, Australia...
January 8, 2018: Injury
Valentina Spanic, Tihana Marcek, Ivan Abicic, Bojan Sarkanj
Fusarium head blight is a destructive disease of cereals worldwide. The aim of this research was to study the effect of heavy Fusarium infection with Fusarium culmorum and biosynthesis of mycotoxins on different wheat varieties during malting by setting up field trials with control and Fusarium -inoculated treatments at the Agricultural Institute Osijek. The highest occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins was expectedly recorded in susceptible variety in grain and malt (3247 and 1484 µg kg-1 for deoxynivalenol (DON), 735 and 1116 µg kg-1 for 3-acetyl deoxynivalenol (3-ADON), 37 and 233 µg kg-1 for zearalenone (ZEN), respectively)...
December 27, 2017: Toxins
Nur Zeinomar, Ashley Thai, Ann J Cloud, Jasmine A McDonald, Yuyan Liao, Mary Beth Terry
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption is an established and important risk factor for breast cancer incidence in the general population. However, the relationship between alcohol and mortality among women with breast cancer is less clear. This study examines the effect of alcohol consumption on mortality in women affected with breast cancer at baseline from a high-risk family breast and ovarian cancer registry. METHODS: We studied 1116 women affected with breast cancer at baseline from the Metropolitan New York Registry...
2017: PloS One
Makfir Sefa, James A Fedchak, Julia Scherschligt
The authors investigated the outgassing rates and fluxes of vacuum chambers constructed from common 304L stainless steel vacuum components and subjected to heat treatments. Our goal was to obtain H2 outgassing flux on the order of 10-11 Pa l s-1 cm-2 or better from standard stainless steel vacuum components readily available from a variety of manufacturers. The authors found that a medium-temperature bake in the range of 400 to 450°C, performed with the interior of the chamber under vacuum, was sufficient to produce the desired outgassing flux...
July 2017: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A, Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films
Jiajin Hu, Ning Ding, Shihan Zhen, Yang Liu, Deliang Wen
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the association between sibling rank and childhood obesity among children ≤ 5 years of age in rural China, and to investigate the effect of child gender and the obesity status of other siblings on this association. METHODS: Data from the China Family Panel Studies, a nationally representative survey, was used for the analysis. Sibling rank was defined as the birth order of all children with the same biological mother...
2017: PloS One
Young-Mee Lim, Sa Ra Lee, Eun Ji Choi, Kyungah Jeong, Hye Won Chung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary incontinence (UI) and depression in middle-aged and older Korean women. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 1116 participants diagnosed with UI among 7486 respondents were included in this study, using data from a well-established survey that investigated a nationally representative population: the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA). Computer-assisted personal interviewing was used to assess the status of UI and depression...
January 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Peter A Brennan, Mohammad Farhad Peerally, Narinder Kapur, Jonny M Hynes, Peter D Hodkinson
INTRODUCTION: Evidence supports the efficacy of incorporating select recognized aviation practices and procedures into healthcare. Incident analysis, debrief, safety brief, and crew resource management (CRM) have all been assessed for implementation within the UK healthcare system, a world leader in aviation-based patient safety initiatives. Mindful application, in which aviation practices are specifically tailored to the unique healthcare setting, show promise in terms of acceptance and long-term sustainment...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Lin Gao, Ni Gao, Wenting Song, Erle Dang, Rong Yin, Li Wang, Gang Wang
<p>Both pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intense pulsed light (IPL) systems have been demonstrated to be effective for treatment of facial telangiectasia, however there have been very few comparative studies between both treatments involving purely Asian patient populations. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis to compare the efficacy of PDL and IPL systems for the treatment of facial telangiectasia. A total of 416 patients with facial telangiectasia who were treated by PDL or IPLs in our department from August 2012 to March 2015 were included in this study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Zeynep Mısırlıgil, Arif Çımrın, Hakan Günen, Tevfik Özlü, Aykut Çilli, Levent Akyıldız, Hasan Bayram, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Esra Uzaslan, Öznur Abadoğlu, Mecit Suerdem
Introduction: Despite the presentation of similar symptoms, the airway diseases have different underlying pathophysiological processes and must be distinguished to enable the administration of appropriate treatment. In several studies the clinician- and patient-related causes of poor compliance to treatment in asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have been evaluated. This study aimed to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of newly diagnosed treatment-naïve asthma and COPD patients in Turkey...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
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