keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stillborn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632735/validity-of-a-minimally-invasive-autopsy-for-cause-of-death-determination-in-stillborn-babies-and-neonates-in-mozambique-an-observational-study
#1
Clara Menendez, Paola Castillo, Miguel J Martínez, Dercio Jordao, Lucilia Lovane, Mamudo R Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Fabiola Fernandes, Tacilta Nhampossa, Juan Carlos Hurtado, Mireia Navarro, Isaac Casas, Paula Santos Ritchie, Sonia Bandeira, Sibone Mocumbi, Zara Jaze, Flora Mabota, Khátia Munguambe, Maria Maixenchs, Ariadna Sanz, Inacio Mandomando, Alfons Nadal, Anna Goncé, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Llorenç Quintó, Jordi Vila, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Jaume Ordi, Quique Bassat
BACKGROUND: Over 5 million stillbirths and neonatal deaths occur annually. Limited and imprecise information on the cause of these deaths hampers progress in achieving global health targets. Complete diagnostic autopsies (CDAs)-the gold standard for cause of death determination-are difficult to perform in most high-burden settings. Therefore, validation of simpler and more feasible methods is needed. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this observational study, the validity of a minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) method in determining the cause of death was assessed in 18 stillbirths and 41 neonatal deaths by comparing the results of the MIA with those of the CDA...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603642/characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-severe-repeat-breeder-female-pigs-and-their-lifetime-performance-in-commercial-breeding-herds
#2
Satomi Tani, Carlos Piñeiro, Yuzo Koketsu
BACKGROUND: Repeat-breeder females increase non-productive days (NPD) and decrease herd productivity and profitability. The objectives of the present study were 1) to define severe repeat-breeder (SRB) females in commercial breeding herds, 2) to characterize the pattern of SRB occurrences across parities, 3) to examine factors associated with SRB risk, and 4) to compare lifetime reproductive performances of SRB and non-SRB females. Data included 501,855 service records and lifetime records of 93,604 breeding-female pigs in 98 Spanish herds between 2008 and 2013...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593805/ectopic-liver-within-the-placental-parenchyma-of-a-stillborn-fetus
#3
Rasleen Saluja, Ona Faye-Petersen, Debra S Heller
Rarely, liver tissue can be seen in the umbilical cord, where it is thought to result from ectopic localization during embryogenesis. The placental parenchyma is also a rare site for this occurrence. The exact pathophysiology of ectopic liver in the placenta is unknown. It has been considered that aberrant migration or displacement of cells from the developing hepatic buds leads to ectopic liver formation, including groups of liver cells that become entrapped in the foregut as the diaphragm closes. Additional hypotheses put forward have included monodermal teratoma and hepatocellular adenoma...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591145/successful-implementation-of-helping-babies-survive-and-helping-mothers-survive-programs-an-utstein-formula-for-newborn-and-maternal-survival
#4
Hege L Ersdal, Nalini Singhal, Georgina Msemo, Ashish Kc, Santorino Data, Nester T Moyo, Cherrie L Evans, Jeffrey Smith, Jeffrey M Perlman, Susan Niermeyer
Globally, the burden of deaths and illness is still unacceptably high at the day of birth. Annually, approximately 300.000 women die related to childbirth, 2.7 million babies die within their first month of life, and 2.6 million babies are stillborn. Many of these fatalities could be avoided by basic, but prompt care, if birth attendants around the world had the necessary skills and competencies to manage life-threatening complications around the time of birth. Thus, the innovative Helping Babies Survive (HBS) and Helping Mothers Survive (HMS) programs emerged to meet the need for more practical, low-cost, and low-tech simulation-based training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578533/unusually-high-pitched-neonate-distress-calls-of-the-open-habitat-mongolian-gazelle-procapra-gutturosa-and-their-anatomical-and-hormonal-predictors
#5
Ilya A Volodin, Elena V Volodina, Roland Frey, Vadim E Kirilyuk, Sergey V Naidenko
In neonate ruminants, the acoustic structure of vocalizations may depend on sex, vocal anatomy, hormonal profiles and body mass and on environmental factors. In neonate wild-living Mongolian gazelles Procapra gutturosa, hand-captured during biomedical monitoring in the Daurian steppes at the Russian-Mongolian border, we spectrographically analysed distress calls and measured body mass of 22 individuals (6 males, 16 females). For 20 (5 male, 15 female) of these individuals, serum testosterone levels were also analysed...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545473/defining-disrespect-and-abuse-of-newborns-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-an-expanded-typology-of-respectful-maternity-care
#6
REVIEW
Emma Sacks
Amid increased attention to quality of obstetric care and respectful maternity care globally, insufficient focus has been given to quality of care and respectful care for newborns in the postnatal period. Especially in low and middle income countries, where low utilisation of obstetric and neonatal services is of concern, it is plausible that poor quality of care or mistreatment of newborns or stillborn infants will influence future care seeking, both for the health care needs of the growing infant and for subsequent pregnancies...
May 25, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532824/puppy-survival-and-vigor-associated-with-the-use-of-low-dose-medetomidine-premedication-propofol-induction-and-maintenance-of-anesthesia-using-sevoflurane-gas-inhalation-for-cesarean-section-in-the-bitch
#7
K G M De Cramer, K E Joubert, J O Nöthling
The safety of an anesthetic protocol consisting of medetomidine hydrochloride (7 μg/kg iv) as premedicant, propofol, (1-2 mg/kg iv) as induction agent and sevoflurane, at 2% in oxygen for maintenance of anesthesia was studied in 292 cesarean sections (CSs) and 2232 puppies delivered. Medetomidine effects were reversed using atipamezole hydrochloride at 50 μg/puppy sc immediately following delivery and in the bitch iv immediately following surgery. The protocol's safety for puppies was expressed using survival immediately, 2 h and 7 d after delivery, and Apgar scores (measurement starting 15 min after delivery of the last puppy)...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494705/brucellosis-in-endangered-hector-s-dolphins-cephalorhynchus-hectori
#8
K Buckle, W D Roe, L Howe, S Michael, P J Duignan, E Burrows, H Ha, S Humphrey, W L McDonald
Brucella spp infections of marine mammals are often asymptomatic but have been associated with reproductive losses and deaths. Zoonotic infections originating from marine isolates have also been described. Hector's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus hectori) are an endangered species with a declining population, and the role of infectious disease in population dynamics is not fully understood. In this study, 27 Hector's dolphins found dead around the New Zealand coastline between November 2006 and October 2010 were evaluated for lesions previously associated with cetacean brucellosis...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482923/transplacental-transmission-of-theileria-orientalis-occurs-at-a-low-rate-in-field-affected-cattle-infection-in-utero-does-not-appear-to-be-a-major-cause-of-abortion
#9
Emma Swilks, Shayne A Fell, Jade F Hammer, Narelle Sales, Gaye L Krebs, Cheryl Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Bovine theileriosis, caused by the haemoprotozoan Theileria orientalis, is an emerging disease in East Asia and Australasia. Previous studies have demonstrated transplacental transmission of various Theileria spp. but molecular confirmation of transplacental transmission of T. orientalis has never been confirmed in the field. In this study, cow-calf (< 48 h old) pairs were sampled across 3 herds; opportunistic samples from aborted foetuses or stillborn calves were also examined...
May 8, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464537/abdominal-wall-defects-in-greenland-1989-2015
#10
Merete Bugge, Gitte Drachmann, Peder Kern, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Hans Eiberg, Britta Olsen, Niels Tommerup, Inge-Merete Nielsen
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, an increasing rate of gastroschisis but not of omphalocele has been reported worldwide. Greenland is the world's largest island, but 80% is covered by an ice cap, it has a small population of around 56,000 peoples (as of 2016). The occurrence of abdominal wall defects has never been investigated in Greenland. METHODS: The present study is based on data retrieved from three nationwide and two local registries in the Greenlandic health care system over 27 years (1989-2015)...
May 2, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460671/factors-influencing-litter-size-and-puppy-losses-in-the-entlebucher-mountain-dog
#11
J Schrack, G Dolf, I M Reichler, C Schelling
A good reproductive performance is a central element of animal breeding. The breeders of Entlebucher Mountain dogs observed a decrease of the mean litter size and an increase of the number of unsuccessful matings in the past years. The aim of the present study was to identify factors with an influence on fertility in this breed. In total, 915 litters from 202 sires and 348 dams from 1986 to 2013 entered the analyses. The total puppy losses (7.4%) reduced the mean litter size at birth of 5.49 ± 2.13 to a mean litter size at registration of 5...
June 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448910/exposure-to-2-2-4-4-tetrabromodiphenyl-ether-at-late-gestation-modulates-placental-signaling-molecules-in-the-mouse-model
#12
Yun Zhu, Yan Qin Tan, Lai K Leung
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are flame retardants generally employed in manufacturing household items. Surface water may remove and carry these chemicals to the drainage upon disposal of the items, and ultimately the chemicals enter our food chain. 2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) is a PBDE congener commonly found in contaminated seafood. The placenta is the site of nutrient exchange and is responsible for reproductive hormone secretion during pregnancy. In the present study, pregnant ICR mice were given p...
April 22, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434210/changes-in-perinatal-hospital-deaths-occurring-outside-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-over-a-decade
#13
Amélie Dupont-Thibodeau, Keith Barrington, Catherine Taillefer, Annie Janvier
AIM: Perinatal deaths occurring outside the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are rarely recorded in outcome studies, despite having a direct impact on perinatal statistics. Our aim was to investigate the timing and modes of perinatal deaths that occurred outside the NICU and changes over time. METHOD: We reviewed all perinatal deaths from 22 weeks of gestation onwards, without NICU admissions, during two periods in a Canadian tertiary mother and baby hospital and categorised deaths according to nine specific categories...
April 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405462/effect-of-a-gnrh-analogue-peforelin-on-the-litter-performance-of-gilts-and-sows
#14
Ellen de Jong, Jan Jourquin, Johannes Kauffold, Steven Sarrazin, Jeroen Dewulf, Dominiek Maes
BACKGROUND: Maintaining optimal reproductive and litter performance is essential for meeting economic targets in commercial pig production. Treatment with exogenous gonadotropins in sows after weaning or in gilts after altrenogest treatment has been used to stimulate follicular development leading to more piglets born and eventually higher birth weights. The effect of peforelin on litter performance was investigated in 212 gilts, primi- and pluriparous sows in three herds. Animals were randomly allocated to three treatments 24 h after weaning: peforelin (P group), eCG (E group), and physiological saline solution (C group)...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405457/factors-for-improving-reproductive-performance-of-sows-and-herd-productivity-in-commercial-breeding-herds
#15
REVIEW
Yuzo Koketsu, Satomi Tani, Ryosuke Iida
We review critical factors associated with reproductive performance of female breeding pigs, their lifetime performance and herd productivity in commercial herds. The factors include both sow-level and herd-level factors. High risk sow-level groups for decreasing reproductive performance of female pigs are low or high parity, increased outdoor temperature, decreased lactation feed intake, single inseminations, increased lactation length, prolonged weaning-to-first-mating interval, low birth weight or low preweaning growth rate, a few pigs born alive at parity 1, an increased number of stillborn piglets, foster-in or nurse sow practices and low or high age at first-mating...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403833/maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-uterine-rupture-and-factors-associated-with-maternal-death-secondary-to-uterine-rupture
#16
Geremew Astatikie, Miteku Andualem Limenih, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and morbidity are the priority agenda for sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. Uterine rupture is the leading cause of maternal and fetal death in developing countries. Limited evidence is available on the magnitude of uterine rupture; maternal and fetal outcomes of uterine rupture and factors associated with maternal death secondary to uterine rupture in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of uterine rupture; maternal and fetal outcome of uterine rupture and factors associated with maternal death secondary to uterine rupture in Debremarkos Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398666/association-between-a-maternal-history-of-miscarriages-and-birth-defects
#17
Hebe Campaña, Monica Rittler, Juan A Gili, Fernando A Poletta, Mariela S Pawluk, Lucas G Gimenez, Viviana R Cosentino, Eduardo E Castilla, Jorge S López Camelo
BACKGROUND: Some studies, mainly in the older literature, observed a significant association between miscarriages and birth defects (BDs) occurring in the same sibship. However, few studies examined the BD/miscarriage relationship in depth. In addition nothing has been added to the underlying mechanisms possibly linking both events. The purpose of this work was to identify specific BDs associated with maternal miscarriages. In particular, it examined whether the risk depended on the number of losses, and to suggest the existence of specific factors for each BD/miscarriage association observed...
March 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397655/-liver-failure-in-neonatal-children-is-a-diagnostic-challenge
#18
Heidi Smedegaard, Vibeke Brix Christensen, Morten Hanefeld Dziegiel, Marianne Hørby Jørgensen
This case report presents a newborn boy with hypoglycaemia, anaemia, jaundice and severe coagulopathy during the first day of his life, imitating sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. One week after the birth he was diagnosed with acute liver failure due to gestational alloimmune liver disease (GALD). Despite the fact that GALD is rare, it must be suspected in all unexplained stillborn children and infants with severe liver disease. If diagnosed, it is possible to prevent death and severe liver failure in future newborns by treating the affected women with immunoglobulin during pregnancy...
March 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397301/colostrum-yield-and-litter-performance-in-multiparous-sows-subjected-to-farrowing-induction
#19
M A Otto, A P Machado, L P Moreira, M L Bernardi, M L Coutinho, I S Vaz, I Wentz, F P Bortolozzo
The consumption of colostrum at a low level can compromise the survival and growth of piglets. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of farrowing induction on colostrum yield, IgG concentration and the survival and performance of piglets until the weaning. Sows of parity 3 to 7 were assigned into two groups: Control (n = 48), sows with spontaneous farrowing; and induction (n = 48), sows induced to farrow on day 114 of gestation with a PGF2 analogue. Colostrum and blood samples were collected from the sows, at farrowing and 24 hr later...
April 10, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394461/successful-treatment-of-infertility-in-a-female-sumatran-orangutan-pongo-abelii
#20
Neil Maclachlan, Gordon Hunt, Sarah Fowkes, Melissa Frost, John Miller, Gari Purcell-Jones, Peter Sullivan, Alberto Barbon, Andrew Routh, Francisco J López, Eluned C Price
In 2011, a female Sumatran orangutan housed at Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust became infertile following a massive antepartum hemorrhage in labor and the delivery of a stillborn infant. The placenta was infected with Pantoea sp. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) revealed blocked fallopian tubes, and pressurized fallopian tube perfusion was used to reverse the tubal occlusion. She subsequently conceived and following an intensive training program, we were able to measure umbilical artery waveform analysis for fetal well-being and placental localization to exclude placenta previa, which could complicate pregnancy and lead to catastrophic hemorrhage...
March 2017: Zoo Biology
keyword
keyword
92466
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"