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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916690/suspect-drug-interaction-in-gimmers
#1
(no author information available yet)
Suspect serious adverse event associated with vaccination in gimmersMultiple congenital defects in a stillborn calfSuspected alpha mannosidosis in a bovine fetusClostridial myocarditis in a two-week-old lambOtitis media in pigs These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for May 2017 from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC C VS).
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913132/the-incidence-risk-factors-and-mortality-of-preterm-neonates-a-prospective-study-from-jordan-2012-2013
#2
Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Yousef S Khader, Anwar M Batieha
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of preterm delivery, maternal risk factors for having a preterm neonate, and preterm neonates' mortality in Jordan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based design was applied. Socio-demographic, perinatal, delivery risk factors, and survival information were gathered in pre- and post-hospital discharge interviews with 21075 women who gave birth to live neonates at ≥20 weeks of gestation in 18 hospitals in Jordan...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888648/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-a-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-prrs-modified-live-virus-vaccine-on-sow-reproductive-performance-in-endemic-prrs-farms
#3
Jiwoon Jeong, Seeun Kim, Kee Hwan Park, Ikjae Kang, Su-Jin Park, Changhoon Park, Chanhee Chae
The efficacy of a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) modified-live virus vaccine in reproductive performance was evaluated under field conditions. Three PRRS endemic farms were selected based on their history of PRRS-associated reproductive failures. On each farm, a total of 40 sows were randomly allocated to either vaccinated (n=20) or unvaccinated (n=20) groups. Sows were vaccinated six weeks prior to breeding. Clinical data showed a significant improvement in reproductive performance in vaccinated sows...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886754/on-farm-biosecurity-practices-and-causes-of-preweaning-mortality-in-canadian-commercial-mink-kits
#4
Nicole Compo, David L Pearl, Brian Tapscott, Amanda Storer, Jutta Hammermueller, Marina Brash, Patricia V Turner
BACKGROUND: Mink are an important animal commodity group in Canada and excessive kit mortality represents a significant loss to production. National biosecurity standards have been developed for Canadian mink farms, but it is unclear how well these standards have been implemented as there are no studies correlating management practices of mink producers with causes of death in mink kits. To that end, we surveyed Ontario mink producers on their biosecurity and management practices and conducted almost 5660 post mortem examinations on found-dead, preweaned kits to characterize mink farm biosecurity practices and causes of death in preweaned kits...
September 8, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880461/grief-reactions-of-couples-to-perinatal-loss-a-one-year-prospective-follow-up
#5
Ying-Fen Tseng, Hsiu-Rong Cheng, Yu-Ping Chen, Shu-Fei Yang, Pi-Tzu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Perinatal losses are traumatic events in the lives of families and can have serious long-term consequences for the psychological health of parents and any subsequent children. DESIGN: A prospective follow-up study. METHODS: We recruited, at a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan, a convenience sample of 30 couples whose babies either miscarried or were stillborn. At one month (T1), three months (T2), six months (T3), and one year (T4) after the pregnancy loss, all participants completed four questionnaires...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877778/sow-level-risk-factors-for-early-piglet-mortality-and-crushing-in-organic-outdoor-production
#6
L Rangstrup-Christensen, M A Krogh, L J Pedersen, J T Sørensen
Piglet mortality is a major problem in organic pig production affecting both farm economy and animal welfare. Knowledge is scarce on the risk factors of piglet mortality in Danish commercial organic pig production. The objectives of this study were to evaluate season, litter size, parity, sow body condition and stillborn littermates as risk factors for early piglet mortality and crushing of liveborn piglets from parturition until castration at day 3 to 5 postpartum (pp). The study was conducted over a 1-year period in nine commercial Danish organic pig herds practicing outdoor farrowing all year round...
September 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867889/massive-maternal-haemorrhage-a-rare-case-of-ruptured-uterine-varix
#7
Shikha Sharma, Pankaj Yadav, Anshuja Singla
Haemoperitoneum anytime during pregnancy is a rare but catastrophic event. With advancement in antenatal and intrapartum care, the maternal survival has improved manyfold. Management involves immediate resuscitation with volume correction followed by surgery, mostly laparotomy. This case is of a booked primigravida, with otherwise uneventful pregnancy, who suffered a massive haemoperitoneum. On laparotomy, the only cause found was a small uterine varix on the posterior uterine surface. The patient survived after multiple transfusions, but it led to a fresh stillborn baby...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856670/very-preterm-birth-before-arrival-at-hospital
#8
Rosemarie Anne Boland, Peter Graham Davis, Jennifer Anne Dawson, Michael J Stewart, Jacqui Smith, Lex William Doyle
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to report perinatal characteristics of very preterm births before arrival (BBAs) at a hospital, and perinatal and infant mortality rates up to one year, comparing BBAs with births in a hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study of 22-31 weeks' gestation births in the state of Victoria, Australia from 1990-2009. BBAs were defined as unintentional births at home or on route to hospital. Perinatal data were obtained from the Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria...
August 30, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855214/cyclopia-isolated-and-with-agnathia-otocephaly-complex
#9
Lin Tun Wai, Suresh Chandran
Cyclopia is a rare form of lethal holoprosencephaly (HPE) due to incomplete cleavage of prosencephalon during embryogenesis, leading to failure of the orbits of the eye to divide into two cavities. We report two cases, one with cyclopia and another case of cyclopia with agnathia-otocephaly complex (AOC). AOC (also known as agnathia-microstomia-synotia syndrome) is a rare lethal congenital malformation of the first branchial arch characterised by the association of agnathia (agenesis of mandible) or mandibular hypoplasia, melotia (anteromedial malposition of ears), microstomia (small mouth), aglossia or microglossia (absent or rudimentary tongue)...
August 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832906/thrombocalc-implementation-and-uptake-of-personalized-postpartum-venous-thromboembolism-risk-assessment-in-a-high-throughput-obstetric-environment
#10
Fergal O'Shaughnessy, Jennifer C Donnelly, Sharon M Cooley, Mary Deering, Ajita Raman, Geraldine Gannon, Jane Hickey, Alan Holland, Niamh Hayes, Kathleen Bennett, Fionnuala Ní Áinle, Brian Cleary
Venous thromboembolism risk assessment (VTERA) is recommended in all pregnant and postpartum women. Our objective was to develop, pilot and implement a user-friendly electronic VTERA tool MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed 'Thrombocalc', an electronic VTERA tool using Microsoft Excel(™) . Thrombocalc was designed as a score-based tool to facilitate rapid assessment of all women after childbirth. Calculation of a total score estimated risk of venous thromboembolism in line with consensus guidelines. Recommendations for thromboprophylaxis were included in the VTERA output...
August 18, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820410/-changing-of-stillbirth-risks-in-different-options-of-its-registration
#11
S Mamedova
Purpose of the study - comparing of stillbirth rates and some of its risk factors in different options (after 22 and 28 completed weeks of gestation) of its registration. This study was conducted on the basis of a regional prenatal centre. Monitoring was conducted retrospectively with continuous coverage of all cases of completed pregnancy after 22 completed weeks of gestation. Stillbirth coefficient was calculated based on body weight (500 grams or more - I option, and a 1000 grams - II option) based on 100 of all birth cases (corresponding to 500 grams body weight or more, and 1,000 grams or more)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818752/risk-factors-for-on-farm-mortality-in-beef-suckler-cows-under-extensive-keeping-management
#12
Kerli Mõtus, Ulf Emanuelson
The on-farm mortality of cows in cow-calf herds has a significant influence on the economic efficiency of the farm. It is also an indicator of suboptimal animal health and welfare. The present study analysed the registry data of beef cows in Estonia from the years 2013 to 2015. The datasets incorporated 8084 parturitions of primiparous cows and 21,283 parturitions of 9234 multiparous cows. A Weibull proportional hazard random effect model was used for risk factor analysis, in which the on-farm mortality, including death and euthanasia, was the event of interest...
August 10, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817240/prenatal-presentation-of-mabry-syndrome-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-phenotypic-overlap-with-fryns-syndrome
#13
Kara K Reynolds, Jane Juusola, Gregory M Rice, Philip F Giampietro
We report on a family in which initial features were compatible with Fryns syndrome. The first sibling was a stillborn female with a left diaphragmatic hernia (DH). Her clinical features overlapped with Fryns syndrome. The second pregnancy, a male fetus, was followed for polyhydramnios, hypoplastic mandible, mild enlargement of the fetal bladder, hydronephrosis, and rocker bottom foot deformities. He had facial features similar to his sibling and a large cleft of the secondary palate, small jaw, and secundum atrial septal defect...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803585/performance-and-financial-consequences-of-stillbirth-in-holstein-dairy-cattle
#14
A Mahnani, A Sadeghi-Sefidmazgi, H Keshavarzi
Stillbirth is an economically important trait on dairy farms. Knowledge of the consequences of, and the economic losses associated with stillbirth can help the producer when making management decisions. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of stillbirth on productive and reproductive performance as well as financial losses due to stillbirth incidence in Iranian Holstein dairy farms. Economic and performance data were collected from nine Holstein dairy farms in Isfahan and Khorasan provinces of Iran from March 2008 to December 2013...
August 14, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776463/prevalence-and-impact-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-pregnant-women-in-central-ethiopia
#15
Andreas Schönfeld, Torsten Feldt, Tafese B Tufa, Hans M Orth, André Fuchs, Million G Mesfun, Frieder Pfäfflin, Tamara Nordmann, Matthias Breuer, Monika Hampl, Dieter Häussinger
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue and omnipresent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the risk of HIV acquisition. Moreover, STIs and HIV in pregnant women can harm the unborn child. In this study, we systematically investigated the prevalence of HIV, relevant STIs and vaginal group B streptococcus colonization among pregnant women presenting at Asella Teaching Hospital in central Ethiopia and their effect on perinatal mortality. A follow-up was performed six weeks after delivery...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762352/a-comparative-study-to-associate-the-presence-of-neonatal-line-in-deciduous-teeth-of-infants-with-the-occurrence-of-live-birth
#16
Shruti Srinivasan, Prashanth Sadashiva Murthy, Seema Deshmukh, N M Shamsundar
CONTEXT: The prominent striae of retzius corresponding to the occurrence of live birth is known as the neonatal line (NNL). The very presence of this line indicates the exposure of the infant to the stressful event of birth. AIMS: The study was aimed at locating the NNL in the developing primary teeth of the neonate and associating the presence of NNL to the occurrence of live birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The donated bodies of the neonates were taken, and a surgical incision was made along the crest of the alveolar ridge in the maxillary anterior region, enabling the careful removal of the tooth germs from within the jaw segment...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758375/all-bereaved-parents-are-entitled-to-good-care-after-stillbirth-a-mixed-methods-multicentre-study-insight
#17
D Siassakos, S Jackson, K Gleeson, C Chebsey, A Ellis, C Storey
OBJECTIVE: To understand challenges in care after stillbirth and provide tailored solutions. DESIGN: Multi-centre case study. SETTING: Three maternity hospitals. POPULATION: Parents with a stillborn baby, maternity staff. METHODS: Thematic analysis of parent interviews and staff focus groups and service provision investigation. OUTCOMES: 1 Themes; 2 Triangulation matrix; 3 Recommendations...
July 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755466/hypospadias-intrauterine-growth-restriction-and-abnormalities-of-the-placenta
#18
M Hassan Toufaily, Drucilla J Roberts, Marie-Noel Westgate, Anne-Therese Hunt, Lewis B Holmes
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is more common among male infants with growth restriction, defined as a birth weight less than the 10(th) centile, than in infants with a normal birth weight. Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) has been associated, also, with abnormalities of the placenta, such as maternal vascular malperfusion. In a consecutive sample of newborn infants, the association between hypospadias, IUGR and abnormalities of the placenta could be analyzed. METHODS: Affected infants were identified among 289,365 liveborn and stillborn infants in the Active Malformations Surveillance Program between 1972 and 2012...
July 29, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753550/causes-of-death-among-full-term-stillbirths-and-early-neonatal-deaths-in-the-region-of-southern-denmark
#19
Millie Nguyen Basu, Iben Birgit Gade Johnsen, Sonja Wehberg, Rikke Guldberg Sørensen, Torben Barington, Bente Mertz Nørgård
OBJECTIVE: We examined the causes of death amongst full term stillbirths and early neonatal deaths. METHODS: Our cohort includes women in the Region of Southern Denmark, who gave birth at full term to a stillborn infant or a neonate who died within the first 7 days from 2010 through 2014. Demographic, biometric and clinical variables were analyzed to assess the causes of death using two classification systems: causes of death and associated conditions (CODAC) and a Danish system based on initial causes of fetal death (INCODE)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743026/evaluation-of-the-ivet-%C3%A2-birth-monitoring-system-in-primiparous-dairy-heifers
#20
G Henningsen, H Marien, W Hasseler, M Feldmann, H-A Schoon, M Hoedemaker, K Herzog
The objective was to validate the iVET(®) birth monitoring system and to determine if it reduced fetal death in primiparous dairy heifers over a 1-y interval. There were 359 pregnant heifers enrolled; 167 heifers in the iVET(®) group were monitored electronically and the remaining 192 (controls) were monitored visually for onset of Stage 2 labor, according to routine farm management. In addition, as a reference, all heifers were observed throughout the study by two independent investigators. Calves born dead or that died within 24 h after birth were defined as stillborn...
July 10, 2017: Theriogenology
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